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07 ZHB 












foreign languages 581 

ust of abbreviations. 586 

etymoijOgy of names of places, etc 589 

pronouncing vocabulary of scripture proper ifames 59i 



This Woik will, it is beHered, inppljr the want, lo long felt, of a IXctionarj based on 
tbe etyxnolo^cal relations of words, and exhibiting the results of the latest philological 
xcseaidi, at a price quite within the reach of every SchooL 

The DictioDary contains the Etymology, Pronunciation, and Meanings of Words. 

The Vocabulary contains every English word, with the exception of obsolete and 
wiy rare words, and technical terms not found in general literature. It indndes, 
however, aU the obsolete words that occur in the Bible* Great attention has been paid 
to the insertion of words in Natural History, Botany, Geology, Physics, Physiology, 
md odier sciences, whidi of late have become more commonly the subject of study in 
adiools. Numeroos Phrases have also been introduced. Eadi uncompounded verb 
bs its participles placed after it, and its past tense when different from the past 
participle, and exceptional plurals and adverbial forms are given. 

The Aixangement of the words is etymologicalt while the alphabetical order is 
strictly preserved by means of references. Words derived from the same root, but 
with different affixes, are grouped together, the first word of each group being printed 
vith a capital iaitial, and the derivatives under it with a small letter, while the groups 
tl^mselves are separated from each other by a space. 

The Pronimciation is exhibited in the simplest manner possible. The correct 
sound of every word is £^ven by being written anew phonetically, thus obviating the 
Bse <^ a confusing array of marks. The syllabication and accentuation have also been 
caiefoBy attended to^ and different pronunciations given in cases where authorities are 

The MmmlngB are based on the root-ideas of the words, a plan not only logically 
correct, but calculated to give increased vividness to the conception. The primaiy 
arsning is given first 0n italics), and the secondary meanings in the order of their 
lopcal connection vrith the primary one, different classes of meanings being separated 
by colons. The greatest care has been taken to express the meanings in the simplest 
language, a feature in respect to whidi this Dictionary will bear frivourable comparison 
with any similar work. 

Special attention has been paid to the definitions of the sdentific and Technical 
terais, which vrill be found fiiUy abreast of the present state of science, while they are 
expressed in the simplest language. 


Tbe Azrangement of the Words.— Eveiy word is given in its alphahdical 
l^iccy pnnted in Glarendon, and there its meanings, &c. will generally be found. In 
ceztain cases, how e ver, the word is referred to another, under which it is explamed in 
its relation to words derived from the same root PttrtiapUs are always placed after 
tatax Terbs, and adzferbs generally after their adjectives. When a word stands after 
mother, with no meaning given, its meanings can be at once formed from those of the 
litter, by adding the agnification of the affix : thus the meanings of darkness are 
obtained by prefixing the meaning of &e8s, state ofbdng^ to those of dark. 

The PronuPCiation. — ^The Pronunciation is given immediately after each word, 
\ri the word being spelled anew. In this new spelling, every consonant used has its 
cn£nary unvarying sound, none being employed having more than one iound. The same 
socnds are always represented by the same letters, no matter how varied their actual 
qyHh^ in the language. No consonant used has any mark attached to it, with the 
«)e exception of M, which is printed in common letters when sounded as in thick^ but 
la italics when sounded as in l^en. Unmarked vowels have always their short sounds^ 
as in lad^ Ud, Ud^ lot, but, book. The marked vowels are shewn in the following line, 
whi^ is printed at the bottom of each page— 

Ate, fir; mi, hte; mloe ; mOte ; mtite ; taJSOnu 

Where more than one pronundation of a word is given, that which is placed first is the 
more accepted. 

The SpeUing. — ^When more than one form of a word is given, that which is placed 
first is the more usual spelling. 

The Meanings. — The primary meaning of every word is given Jirst^ in italics. 
The word literally (lit) before a meaning, dgnifies that that is the meaning according 
to the letter, though it is not now, and may never have been, in use in the language ; 
the word originally (orig.), that the meaning following once existed, though now 

The other meanings are arranged in the order of their connection with the root idea, 
those nearer the literal meaning being placed first ; and they are classified in groups, 
septiated by colons. 

In B^ before a meaning, agnifies that it is used in the Bible in that special sense, 
tbou^ It does not imply that the other meanings of the word may not also be used 





I, Ae midadtt aitkle, is a contimctson of Aa, 
Med bdoR wonis brginnhig with the lound of 

ft-%a]c^, «^.» cm <A# A«dl; backwards : by 
[A.S. a w ^ *g , oo or at the back.] 

aV»4nis» «. a coonting-fraine or imiU; in 

'^ pe n ooK t dhririoo of a column. (L.;Gr. 

t, a board or table for reckomng on.] 

AtaA»»-bafi^, mefv. or>r«^., (0M Mr 4/? or hind part 
«f a ^np: behixKL (A.S. #1*, and bt^fUm (Ar^ 

tf/ba), after, behind .J 

arbai^duiif V. i^ 
of I 
an chum to the 
n : 10 fbnake '.~-^-P* a1 
'dnndn. rFr.>^««u 
CHBiatano— T< 

See Alt. 

oris, to place at the 

person* hence -to re* 

so placed; to give 

;/a.^. aban- 

it. bam^ proclamation. See Bu^ 
a-ban'duiMl, mdj. , /TBwa «!^ : Tcry wicked. 
I'dun-naent, »., 4ir/ ^ abtmdon- 
state of beins ^rcnup. 
a-bfial'. vJ,^ ta bring lew; to cast down ^— 
Pr^. abisTing : >«.>. abased'. [Fr. abaiuer, to 
arms low, from ^AT, low.] SceBaas. 
immm^ a-bft^ment, m., €tct ^hrmgmg hwi state 
of benig bRM^ht low. 

ksH^ a-basfa', r./., /r cMr^wir with shame >-/n/. 
afaash'ing; >«./. abashed'. [Fr. abaisser, to 
iowcr or cast down — as if to cast down the coun- 
»**«"«-* : comn. of d. and baisur, to make k>w, 
fitna. has, low. j 

a-batf. w./., i^ ImU datum; to lessen. — v.fl to 

'.>. abfttlnc; A>->* abat'ed. [Fr. 

to beat d o w n cttitrt, to beat.] See 

a-bftt'ment, «.. iJU act o/abaiimg: the 
or qmntity abateo; 

to; a-ba-twir', #«. a slangfater-houseb [Fr.— 

mbmiire, to beat or knock down.] 

ab'a, «. in the Chaklee and Ssrriac lan- 

. m/atJur; figoratiTely, a superior. 
atrat, m^ ttu/tUktr or head of an abbey.— 
aM'sa. [L. mbbaa, oMatu—Ahb^] 
', aVa-ai, n,, tMs cjfitt, rights, and privileges 


akbesik aVes, li., iJUftmaU MgArrwr of a nunnei y . 

afebff , a1/^ M. a monastery presided over by mm 
abbot : the church attached to it :— >/. aMf'^ja 

AMrsTlata, ab>br€'Ti-At, v./. to make brut/ or 
short '.-~fr,f* abbrC'TiIting ; /•.>. abbrC'vilted* 
[L. abbrtvto. -otHm—itbt tntai,,breviSt short] 

aMMrevlatka, ab-brfi-vi'A'shun, n,. a sMorUnmg; a 
part of a word put for the whole. 

abbr«vlat«r» ab-brevi-A-tor, m,, cnewbotMmnaUt, 

AkdSeate, ab'di-klt, vJ. or i. lit to proclaim one's 
self removed ^-mw a thing ; to give up ; to aban- 
don :— /r./. al/didlting ; /«^. ab'dicftted. [L. 
ab, from, dico, dicat$u, to proclaim.] 

aU U catf o n , ab-di-ki'shun, n., act ^abdi c a t i ng i the 
renunciation of an oflice or of supreme power. 

AbdoaMB,ab-dO'men,fi.lowerpait of the belly. [L.] 
aMnmlaa^ ab-dom'in-aL a Mflmtntwi ^ ab-domln-us» 
adj.f pertainittg to the abdomtn, 

Abdaea, ab-dfli^, v.t., to draw away from :-^.p, 

abd(U/ing ; ba,p. abdOced'. [L. a}, from, dtico, 

ductus, to maw.1 
abdnetlea, ab^uk'shun, »., met 0/ carrying away, 

especially, of a person by fraud or force. 
Abed, a-bed', aAf., M itfd: IA.S. om-bod.] 
Abtrnmt, ab-er'rant, adj., wandtring from, [L. 

aborrant, -atUio—ab, firom, orro, to wander.] 
abarraUoo, ab-er-rfl'shun, a., a wamdormg, 

Abtt» a-bet', v./., tout on; Xo incite by encourage- 
ment, or aid (tued chiefly in a bad sense) '-i—fr.f, 
abetring ; pa.p. abett'ed. [old Fr. abettor, from 
betl the cry used in setting dogs on their prey.] 

abetter, a-bettTor, a., one who abet*, 

Abeyaaas^ a-bft'ans. n, lit expectation; a state of 
suspension, [old Fr. abayer, to listen with the 
mouth open-^AMT, to gape. See Abash.] 

Abhor, ab-hoi', v.t, lit to have the hair sttmd on 
«m/ with terror; to shrinky^viw with Arrrvr: to 
hate extremelr; to loathe:—^./, abhorr'mg; 
/a./, abhonrea. [L. ab, from, korreo, to stand 
on end.] 

abhemae% ab-hoi'rens, n, extreme hatred. 

abterms, ab-hor'rent, a^l, abhorring; hating 1 
contraiy. — adv. i l ha r^r wl l y. 

abhonlBg; ab>hor^ring, n, object of abhorrence. 

fitte,ar; aii^hte; biIm; nOte; m&te; mOQn: thm» 

iftiiiP tit, from, 4nw», to hold.) 

cttJIy firon MOW iDdiilccacCy ss food^ rtnnki ftow 
aWd-ont, «<^, aUimimimg/rtm; 

AMsf AfM#f«; t e mp c ra t o ; t|»nng in 
Ibod, diiDk, or oojoyawnta. <w # ». atiwirtMnlj. 
— «. ataM^BSoiBHa [I*. mUttmim mk*t from, 
a siroac dxnk : or from AoMf^ lo hold.) 

abo-tiaki', v./!., i^ drmm mmffimmt to 
aepanto ; to make a snmmary »-/r.>. abMract'- 
ing; >K>. abolraol'ed. [L. «fc, away ftoa^ 
JVo^, irucims, to draw.] 
Mkafl» ali^knkt, w. a nmrnwiy j an abvMgnenti 
miij utt ah^txuktj mi(/» t p ata t e ; <fatinct from any- 
thoweba: diffindt: riwigaariag aa attribnta or 
qnafity of an ob^oci or nil, adlii aWlmillf . 
— «. aWlraateim. 

■Imili^, abo-tmkt^ stff,, mhhmtt abmot in 
«"'"" ■ arfT- KWttaiT tmly. w. amimMrMmmi 
irtmdlli^ abatiak'ibnn, n,, met ^ mhtrmdmr: 
itata of ^^^lpg abttractod ; abaenoa of mind i uo 
operation of the mind by which cartain qaaUties 
or attiibotes of an otiloct ara coamderod a|iait 
from the rest. 

Mnm^ aba-tiQOa» a<v>f MPW».^VHia hidden j 
uiim wi lo oa uuuw w ooo i i ^-^aaw. eamwimy. «» 
ohrtraM^Mia [L. m ititut m mi§, from, lnw<^ 
to thrust.] 

hmrd, ab-smd', «^. Kt AotrA ^ #Ar Mvr • henee^ 
nnpleaaant to the mind, irrational, mt fv , 
kbnirdlyo [L. oJoanfw *3, from, turdntf dea£ ) 
■arM^f al^sord'i-tl, afemriaii^ ab-aord'nes, lo., 
tlu fwaUty of being absurd: anything ab«mL 

tiaalL See under Aboaad. 
a-MI^, v*/. to takey^TPMa me proper war oi, 
to perrert; to iamoae upon; to rerile; to 
violato:-^.>.abC^ttg:/«.>. abteed'. [L.«5, 
from, «<#r, «•«£, to use.] 

a-blU', ««., iuwst; mimppBeation: reproadi. 
a-bViv, md/,, € »m 0mimi mf or practising 

Abat, a-buf, v.l k> ht at iAt ha or 

afanttlag; /a^ abott'ed. [F^. ai^ , 

Sami , Ae end or I ■limml^ o fanyt hiiig.} SeeM. 

aftadmmi^ arbutamat, M,f toot waicA b^ratrt i^^kw l 
mmrtk,^ the oolid mppoct of a bridge or aich at 
the two eads or adm. 

apbi<, 10. a hHUmlfm gulf; aayAlag im- 
Lxjr* 4i, wnnoav, o^^wm^ Donom.j 

imrto, a-fcsMd-i^ «. agennsof iAfUM^leguminons 
plantu widi pinnate IcaTOi, found eveiy where 
except fai Europe ; several ipeciet produce gum. 
[L. ; Q/t.ahakia ahi, apoint, from root ae^ sharp.] 

An limy, a-kad'em-i, n, orig. the school of Plato ; 
a higher school ; a society for the promotion of 
•dence or ait. (Gr. AkadimiM, the name of the 
garden near Kmaa where Plato taught] 

smilmritw, ak-a-demlk, arndsmVal, ak-a-demlk-al, 
adj., 0/an academy, ad v. smimi^iany. 

amiemH ak-4udeiB^ n. a Platonic philosopher; 
a student In a ooflege or uni T Cisi ty. [acadtmgf. 

amdmrtslBi^ ak^ad-^-mishyui, is., a mumhtr ffam 

JisnMisnisai, ak-an-thfsbS-us, adf* armed witfi 
friekiet, as certain pbnts. [Gr. aka t U ka^ a 
priada <al*, apomtj See Imsls. 

a*kaarthtis, tt» hemr s breedi or "***** 

tmfaM. a>hbilr plaaft; In mnk,, aa . 

w e rmWi a g lts hares used in the capitals of the 
Co rinthfan and Co mp osi te ordera. [Qt.akanthM.\ 
•teds, ak-s&r, w.i, i9 taim to; to agree to:— 
/r./. accMlng; >«^ accCd'ed. [L accid$, 
acetttm, to go near to a d , to, €td», to go.] 

. ■k-ses', or ak'ses, ».,4S«MP«6^C' |l#; approach: 
(obs.) same as snoisdoa. 

V ak'ses-ssr^ same as suummj. 
ak-o^i-bl, at^., thai may bt afpr$mdiid. 

ak-sesh'un, n., a taming tax hicraase. 
.V ak'ses-sor-i, adj. additioaal: contribot- 
ing to; aiding.— «. anything addidonal: one 
who aids or gives eoontenanoe to a frimr. adj. 
wmmmdtlaXy ttiaHmg ta an aeentary, 

A c eskr at i^ ak-seTto-St, r.iL to add tf# the itlerity 
of; to make awifi: to hastea:->r^. acceP- 
erfldng: /a>. aoceTerlted. [L. acctltro, at- 
ceUratm—ad, to, orlrrv, to hasten— <»frr, swift] 

A^td-^br^Au^ n,, a Aattefdng. 

ak-eer«r^tiT, a4/., tkai katitns, 

ak'sent, is. modulation of the voice : stress 
(m a sj^ble or w«pd: a mark used to direct 
dkis stress: in /m r /y, famguage, word^ or 
expressions in general. [L. acctnhu ad, and 
ea$Unt, a singing to or with, from cana. to sing.] 
ak-sent', v.?., ta txjknu or note ikt accent. 
" A-usaf^-aX, adj., rtlating to accmt, 
, ak-sentlir^ v.t., to mark or pro- 
nounce fniAl i ^ *"" 

Aossi«^ ak-sept*, v.t., to takt to one's sdf; to 
lecenre : to agree to : to promite to pay : in B., 
to receive, with frvour :— >r^. accepting ; ^^, 
accept'ed. \J^ acci/io, acc^htm— ad. to, ta^ 
to take.]^-M. aeetpt «r, asespTor, one who accepts. 

asssp tob K ak-aept', a4/., U ho ate^tod; 
pleasing; agre«sble.— o^. aecspt'sMf. 

asespiablsasoi^ ak-septV-bl-ne^ asssptalflllF* ak- 
sept-a-bill-ti, «., fuaUty qfioing acceptahU, 


agreeing to terms : an accepted bOl or note. 

•oep-tft'shun, «., a ikind rocoption. 
ne usual nwanmg of a word. 

and ks derivativet. Sea nadar Atesda. 

■^ ak'sMoDt, «. that wMch Ab2& il0 or hap. 

pens ; an unforeseen or unexpected event ; dance ; 

an unessential <|nality or property. [!L.accidon»t 

'Ontis, frning to aceid o a d, to, oado. to frU] 
ascldsa t al , ak-«i-denf al, a4j., kap^o$ung\rg chance 

or unexpectedly; not essential.— «. anythiog 

not esseraaL— M^. sssklmt^sny. 
aeriisaas^ akfsl-dcnsi «. the part ot groom. oootaiaiBg 

die actidonU or omages which words undergo. 
Aoelataa, ak-kl2m', IiiIisibIIib, ak-khumfshua, «. 

a a to w/ of applause uttered by a mohitode. [L. 
'to, eiamo, (tamaiuo, to shout] 

Kmass. ak-klfmlt Awrtlmsttss^ ak^klf ma^s, r./. 

to inure to a fordgn climato. [L. aa, to, 

SPrtimsilmtlna, ak4clT-ma>ti>st'shun, stiillaisteii, 

ak-klT'ina-tar, n., tko act of OKcHmatisingi the 

state of being acclimatised. 
Assitvtty, ak-klivl<ti, «., a ritmgat a kiU; steep> 

oem redconed upwards. [L. accUviiaO'-ad, to, 

cUtmi, a rising-ground.] See dssBvtty. 

Assoilais, ak-^eo-UUf^ n. the oeremonjr former l y used 
m confeiiing kiughtiiood| oonsistmg of an em* 
brace and a blow on the shoulder wim a sword. 
[Rr.— Lk ad, to^ coibtm, the node See Collar.] 

finOfftr; mi^bir; nltaat mOte; mOto; mOQn; iitau 



»■■■■. a*«ilc^lar, ndj, shaped Ukta nttdU, [L. 
mckmoy a smaO pin— octw, a needle— root «f, 

Adi, as^ «(C^» '^^'"^l sour. — «. a soar substance ; 
in ekfm^ a substance capable of uniting with 
others and f<vmins salts. [L^ aeidus, sharp, from 
mce0t to be sour — root mc, sharp.] 

sfMIfy, a-sidl-fr, 9./., to make acid:— pr. p. add'ify- 
inc ; /«./. acKnfira. [L. aadtu^facio, to make.] 

ftcMltefeli^ a-sidVfl-a-bl, a^*., that may btacidi/Ud. 

aeltelit% a-sid'Q-lSt, v./., i^ ncoir sUgktlyacid:-- 
>r^ ackrQUUing;>i.>. add'OUted. [L. oruA 
«A», a little sour.] 

s^li■ls■^ a-sid'a-his, a^j-t sKghily tcur, 

AdBavMfS^ alc-nol'ej, v./. to own the ixtfiiN 
AK<pr of ; to admit : to recognise ; to confess: — 
>r.>. acknowredging : /«./. acknowredged. 
[AlS. a, and Snowlidge.] 

iBM*^ ak-noTej-mentyM., £i/tfitw/Nt^^ 
V recognition : thanks : a receipt. 

alc'mC, IS. the highest /^m/; the crisis. [Gr. 
~ P. a point, m>m root ac, sharp.] 
Aeolyts^ alc'o-llt, n,, afoUewer or servitor in the 

Romish Churdu [Gr. akohMikos^ a follower.] 
iwtti^ ak'o-nTt, «. the plant monk'shood or wolTs* 

bane : poison. [L. aconitum ; Gr. aJkoniUH.] 
Acmm, Slcorn, m. die firuit ^/A# eaJk, [A.S. ttcem, 

frcmk gtCj an oak— afterwards adapted to the 

DOtioQ oC oak-com.] 
liitjhUiM, a-ko-til-C'don, n. a plant wiilumt cetjh- 

Mtnt ot seed-lobes. [Gr. a, without, and Oo^ 

AcpmIIb, a^kous'tik, €ulj.^ ttloHMg to hearing^ or 
to sound. [Gr. aJmuUkcSt from akoud, to Mar.] 

S i B M Ui% a-kous'tiks, «., the scitnct <if stmnd; 
remedies for deafness. 

IHMtatt ak-kwftnt', v.t. to make kttcvm to one ; 
to make funiliar with; to inform :<-/r.j^. ac- 
goaint'ing \Pa.p, acquaint^ed. [old Fr. €Kcoinier, 
trom L. cc£Hihu, known ; or m>m Ger. ktmd— 
iemmem, to icnow— root/ius, to know.] 

sntsitat^ ak-kwftntf, in Soot. V. Ps. s acquainted. 

siifslBrsMss. ak-kwlnt'ans, h. familiar knowledge ; 
a pers<m whom we know.— «. aeqaslati'saesship. 

Atnalsiss, ak-kwS-es» v.i., to rut satisfied with ; 
to comply ; toassoit '.e—j^.p. acquies'cing ; pa.p. 
acquiesced'. [L. mcquutco^ to come to a state of 
rest — ad, to, quUsco, to rest, from fmn, rest.] 

ainaisBSMl> ak-kwC-esJ^t, adj. easy ; submitting. 

asjiisefsnos^ sik-kwe-cs'ens, »., quiot assent ; com- 

Asqpdrs, alc-kwli', vJ, to gun something sought: 
to attain:—^./, suxiulr^mg; pa^, acquired. 
[L. acqmro. -quui tmrn a d^ to, qvaoro, to seek.] 

MUBlAsMs. ak-kwii'a-bl, a4j., that may be acquired, 

a ofL— ea iw ak-kwir'ment^ n., the act qf acquir- 
ing: that which is acquired. 

aefi£ritioa, ak-kwi-zish'un, n., acquimnent. 

acqplitthri^ ak-kwixlt-iv. adj., anxious to acquire. 

aeqaislttveaasi^ ak-kwirit-iv-nes, »., the dosirt to 

kto^HX, ak-kwic'. v.t. to gire qmet to ; to set at rest ; 
to quit hold of; to set free ; to release :—pr.p. 
acquitt^mg:/a.>. acquitt'ed. [Ft. 
set at rest rejecting some claim— L. ad, to, 
quietus, at rest.! 

aeq«tttal,ak-kwit'al,«.dischai)ge from an accusation. 

aegamsaes, ak-kwit'ans, n. discharge from a debt. 

Aa% Slcte, n, lit. ajield; a measure of land con- 

taining 4840 square yards. [A.S. eKor, a field; 
L. ager; Gr. agrta.'\ 

aerssc*. alta^j, «., tko acres in a piece of land. 

Aerid, ak'rid, eidj., sAatp; bitter ; hot or biting to 
the taste. [L. acer, acris, shaip— root«f, sharp.] 

sc ri tosss, ak'rid-nes, aerldhf, ax-ridl-ti, aeHtodi^ 
ak'ri-tOd, m.f a sharp, bitter, pungent quality. 

a cri aaay, aJc'n-mun-i, n., a biting sharpness : bit- 
terness of feding or language. [L. acrimonim^ 
from ««rr.] 

aaiaMnioai^ak-ri-mO'ni-us,A(/'*t'^''^/ ^%'» lutter. 

▲crotail^ ak'ro-bat, «. lit «m# who walks on high; 
a rope^ncer; a tumbler; a vaulter.— a^'., 
aerobatle. [Gr. akrobated, to walk on high— 
akros, highest, baind, to walk.] 

AoRVoUm a-krop'o-lis, n. the highest part of ». city; 

a dudel, particularly that 01 Athens. [Qr.aktvs, 

highest, PoHs, a dty.] 
Abtom^ 9Lf\ao^,prep. or adv., rreicf-wise ; from nde 

to side. [A.S. «, at or on, and O^mb.] 
Aeroslle, a-kros'tik, n. a poem of which the end 

or first letters of the lines spell some name. [Gr. 

akrostic kis okros , the end, stichos, a line.] 

Aetk akt, v.i., to put in motion; to be in action; 
to behave one's self. — v.t. to perform ; to imitate: 
—pr.p* acting ; Pa,p. act'ed. — n. something done 
or domg ; a deed or exploit : a law : a part of a 
play. [L. ago, actum, to put in motion ; Gr. ag9.\ 

aettag; aktlng, n., action j the act of performing 
an assumea or a dramatic part. 

aettaa, ak'shun, n., state 0/ acting; a deed; opera- 
tion ; gesture: agency: a battle: a lawsuit 

aettonabls. ak'shun-a-bl, adj. liable to a lawsuit 

aettve^ ak tiv, adj., that acts; busy ; nimble ; quidc 

aelhity, ak>tivl-ti, n., quality qfbeing active. 

aetor, ak'tur, n., one who acts; a stage player, 
ak'tres, n., a/emale stage>player. 

aetaal, akta-al, adj. real or existing. — adv* %ift' 
iaaUy. — n. aetaarltj. [L. actualist 

miitmarj, ak'tfl-ar-i, n. one who makes the calcula- 
tions connected with the bu«ness of an insurance 
office. [L. actuarius.] 

aelaato, air tO-flt, v. t., to put into or indte to action : 
—pr.p. ac'tO&ting; pa.p. ac'tflftted. [from Act.] 

AeasMB, a-ka'men, «., a sharp point; quickness of 

perception; penetration. [L. from acuo, to sharpen ; 

Gr. 4tai, a point, from the root ac, sharp.] 
aeamlaaleil, a-kQ'min-It-ed, oify'., sharpened to a 

aeapanetare, ak-Q-pungk^tOr, n. an operation for 

relieving wun by puncturing the flesh with 

needles, {L. acus, needle, and Poaetors.] 
aeato, a-kOt'. adj., endinf in a point: sharp: keen \ 

shrewd: highly sensitive. — adv. menUlj, [L. 

acutuo—acuo. m>m root ac, sharp.] 
aeaUness, a-kQt'nes, n., sharpness, quickness. 
Adacs, ad^, n. an old saying; a proverb. [U 

adagium^-^proh. ad, to, aio, to say.] 
j^>Tf^«*^ ad'a-mant, «., that which cannot bo 

brohen; a very luud stone ; the diamond. [L. 

and Gr. adamas—a, not, damad, to break.]— <i4r. 

adaauAt^BS (^), made of^ or like adamant 
Adapt, a-dapt', v.t. to make apt or Jit :—pr.p. 

adapting ; pa.p. adapt'ed. [L. ad, to, apto, to fit] 
adaptahls, a-dapt'a-bl, adj., that may be adapted, 

fi, adapfeabil^tty. 

adaii4a^im, a-dap-tft'shun, n., the act 0/ making 

suitable: the state of being suiuble ; fitness. 
Add, ad, v.t., toput togetker; to increase ; tosumup: 

—pr.p. addlng;>0./. add'ed. [L. ad, to, do, toput] 

flUe,ar; me,hte: mine: mOte; mOte; mOQn; Men. 


A4^ a-door, «. a tf# A; bostte; trobbtat. [A.S. m, 
to da] 

, ad-ftOWeBt, tut/., grvrntmr U BMoIiood. 

[L, mdfiUuttu, -^mtis-^uk to, olt^iinco^ to grow.] 
■AotanMn. ad-AJes'cnft, ». tbe penod oi joutk. 
Hill, a-dopc', v./., <0 cktoti: to tako at oac^i own 

vbat is anocbor's, asa child, ftc ^-^.A fdopt'- 

ins ;>«.>. adopfed. [U**, to, «^ to chooK.] 
ftdofttof^a^doi/shun, li.. lAr «f/ ^ mJUphngi tho 

•tale of being adopted, 
aioptif*, a-dop^dr, «<(/., i^^U/ md^it or » adopted. 
Adai% a-dBi'. v.t,J» «^««*».«'. ^«V ^J. wonMp, 

«r reveratce as dlidne : to lotelntensdy ^-:^.>. 

adO*W ; /«.>. adored*. [L. «<<, to, #r», #mtev, 

to useUie mouth, to pray— *», ^rit^ the mouth.] 
r. a-d«c'4r. n,,0mthmt -f'^y *>«»*«' v. 
a^lOi'a^iC mdf,ywtrt^tfi*tng md^rwd. 

, ad-C>-ril^shun. n,, tk* act ^ mdarimgl 

^it^Suoi^&^^m^t with adtrmii^m, 
, ^..dane, v.t,, U 0mmmfnt, deck. «r (bwst 
r./. adonilag; /a^/. adotnedT. fU «rf. tt^ 
to deck.] OnMuwm/; decoration. 

H a-donnng, adaniMBt, a-dorn'ment, m,. 

Adrift, a-diiif, adj. or «^.. dHpm; floating at 

nodom. (A.S. adri/kn, to driye; ] 

Adnll, a-droit'. «4^. going direct •% the marie; 

dexterous; skiUuL— «</f . adroit^. [Pr. from a, L. 

«( to, 4fr«/. L. dimtm, ttmight. See »to»^] 

simllnwi, a-droit'nes, n, dexterity ; skill ; readiness. 

idsrlWIirii, sd-fti-tish'tu, adj., added or assumed : 

supple nwMiM; additionaL [From L. adsciu ^ 

^^icitumt to take or assu m e ad, to, mcucc, to 

inquire— «n9, to know.] ^ 

liil^^f^, ad-O-Ia'shun, h., fetummg; txxxm^ 
flattery. \!L.admUtia,fzwiaduUr,mAaaim,U> 

adalalofy, ad'tt-la-tor-i, m^. flattering exoesarely* 
Atal^ anSulf , •4r., grpwn up ; mature.— #». a person 

grown up. [L. aduUtu—adoUtcOt to grow up.] 
AialtanH adult'fcr^t, p./.. to change A» tf<wj*^ 

but worse state; to corrupt oc debase:-^./. 

adnk'erltiiig ; /«>. adult'erftted. [L. admUer».) 
jHiul-t&-t'8hun. n,,tM*act ^ adtdt' 

aasHifsllM, ardul-ter-a snun, n., mc m^t « 
eraiimtr; the state of being adulterated. 

adtftvyTn-dulf «r4, is. Tiobuion of the maniage- 
bed. rUaA$itgrHim g< /W i ftr r, an adulterer.l 

adnttOTV, a^lttlf 6r-6r, ». n man guilty of adultery. 

ri««*«»»«*^ a-duk'«>4n, adj,yrumltmffivm adtO^ 
cry; spurious.-<i. the offspring of adtdfery. 

adatt«««v arduUrtf^ai, a4f, guilty of adultery. 

Adnsteasl^ ad-um'brant, adj.. thad&miMg wmt, [L. 
admmtrans, -OMtU-^adiMro, to brug a thadow 
upon a thing— «<f, to, smmMs, a Aadow. J 

ate&ate, ad-um^brftt, 9.#., U tkadam ^/ fiuntly t 
-/r./. aduniTirftting : >«./. •d««>*'*»?^_^_ 

admahraliaa, ad-um-ml'shun, m., mc/ ^thmcmmtg 
Jbrtk: a iahit sketch or resemblance. 

Adraae% ad-vans', v.t, to out /9 the «J^»«>J' 
«nanf ; to increase ; to offer : to pa/ 3f/^rvhand. 
^-^.u to come or go forward; to nse m rank or 
prices-:^./. adnuic^;A».>.sdvaaced'. [rr. 
ctoancer, from «»«»/, owbre, forwaror— Ij. m», 
from, tfisilr, before.] bee Van. . 

atvaaee^ ad-Tans', n»,agoingj0raMrd; animproro- 
ment; payment beforehand ; nse in pnoe. 


ad-vans'ment, n^ act ^admmehgt 

promotion; in|irovement. 

Advantafs. ad-vant'l^, «., a $iaU 4/ advances 
superionty; benefit \^uaivantagt,Jxximavamtt 
before.] SecAdvaace. 

advaatacMVi; ad-van-tAlus, adj. ,qf advantage; use* 
ixL—adv. adraata'ftemily.— «. ad?aBU'g«oans«. 

Mrmt, ad'Tcn^ m., a camine U; the coming of 
Christ; the tour weeks before Clmstmas. [L. 
advenita, from ad, to, vemia, to come.] 

admtoal, ad-veat'O-al, ad/., relating ta Advent. 

a«VMlttlea% ad-Tcn-tish'us, adj\ happening; acci- 
dental; casual— «4Ar. advoitrileMlr. 

JkdfsBtv% ad-vent'Qr, v.t. to try what Is U evme; 
to risk .•— /r.>. adrenf firing ; /«> adventHred. 
— v.f. to dans, to ventinre. [Fr. «wm/*rf— old 
F^.tf^lvMi^, to happen: L.«4<to,vM^tecome.] 

adrsttlaa, m, a diance ; risk ; an enterprise. 

a*mlm, ad-TentfOr-te, n., 0ne who riem; OM 
who seeks adventures. 

a d f e nmu si^ad-Tentrflr-ua, •4^.boM; da ring; dange tw 
QUI- adv adf inl^w eiaty.— ^f. ad?iali^Biii*sse. 

Idvot, ad'v^rb, n, a word used to qualify a verb, 
a4JectJve. " ^^^ adrerb. [L. tfrf, to, vertnm, 
a word, a verb.] Vveri.^-adv. adverbially. 

advtritia], ad-v4rM-al, a^^., pertaining to an ad. 

Advrns, ad'virs, a4f.» trnmedagamstromatd^ ; 
conflicting: unfortunate.— mv. ad'vaMiy. [L. 
advemu, from adverto-^ad, to, verU, to turn.] 

adfersary, ad'v4r-sar-i, n,, one vfo u adverse; Wk 
opponent ; an enem]r> [L. adver^rtns.l ^ ^ 

advfsattvj^ ad-vto'a-tiv, a4j. d enoting opposition, 
contrariety, or variety. 

tflisfwiw. ad-vir^'nes, n.,itate ^ being advefu. 

advoslty, ad-vir^t-i, n, amlrrion ; misfortune. 

A«v«t, ad-vtef , vJ., to turn or attend to; to re- 
gard or observe >-/r./. advert'ing; /•>• fd- 
vert'ed. [L. tfrfwrrA^-W, to, t^, to tmn.l 

adverlMl, ad-v^ent, adf.» attentive; heedfuL— 
Adv. adverl^eat^f. . 

adverteaee, ad-v^rt'ens, advirttaey, ad-verren^, »., 
attontion to; regard ; heedfulness. 

Advwtlas, ad-vte-tis', v./., i^ tnm attention ^; to 
inform: to give public notice oil [L. ad, to, 
verte, to tum.1 [in a newspaper or i>enod»<»l. 

advsrtissiBenI, ad-vir'tiz-ment, m. a public notice 

adwtlssr. ad-vfer-tl/Ar, «., <w«# /*«/ advertise*. 

aAvtrUaliic, ad-v«r.tlzlng, a^(f., containing or 
Aimishing adxrertisementt. 

Advlss. ad-vis'. v.t. to tell one's vioimto; to inform ; 
to oounseL— Adviss thyself, in A = consider. 
IF^. aviser; oW Fr. adviser; 1^ ad, to, vuo, to 
view— vi^!r», visnm, to see.] 

advise, ad-vtt', «. opWon ; counsel ; Intelhgenoe. 

advlsabls, ad-vWa-bl, ad/, proper to be <»ne^— «J. 
advlB'aUy.— «. advyfaUsasss. [advirs^. 

adviMd. ad-vlsd', ad/, prudoit; cautious.-^*. 

advissdais^ ad-vla'ed-nes, n. deliberate considera- 
tion ; prudent procedure. , 

mMmt.tLd'V\d^,n„onowkogrves advice. 

AdTsoats, ad'v04c&t. «». one called onto aid m a 
suit : one who pleads the cause of another.— 
n. ad'vooatsshlp.^U advocatns-ad, to, voco, 

vocatum, to calL) , . • .. j r .« — 

adveeats, ad'vO-kAt, v.t. to plead for; to acfenO; «f 

vindSite .n-pr^. ad'vOcfttmg \ Pa.f. wfvOcated. 
advoeaey, ad'vO-ka-si, n. a pleading for ; defence. 

Advewson, ad-vow'sun. n. the riaht of ttt/gV or 
nnng 1^ a vacant bjmefice. [old It. «<fW*l#»i 

I* advoc€Uio,\ " ' ^^ 


ur<MB Ij 

ate. Or; iae,hte: mmtt nBta; mOte; saODnj Men. 


tJ^hiAarop, »., tAs ucomd crop of die 

season. [See Crop.] 
•ilfliHMl^ ut'6r-m06t, adj.t most afi; hindmost 
afluBooa, aUt'te-nuOa, »., a/Ur nccm, the dme be> 

tiveen noon and evening. [See Hooa.] 
all fpto ce , aff6r-p&, «., a^uce performed qfUr a 

•Affvard, aff^ward* aftirwarda, aft'ir-wazdx, adv. 

later ; snhseqaent. [Aflw and nwnf, Ger. wtard, 

towards, in direction of.] 

Aa, i^ «. a Turkish c«mmandtm diief officer. 

[Per. akt oMa, a kvd.] 
Ifsti, a-gen', mdv. a aeoMid time; once more. 

(A.S. »gitn^ ffrngten—OH, and/m, besides.] 
•fftlBrtk a^enst', ^rt^., m t^pniiion. to ; close to ; 

in prorisioa f<Mr. [A.S. ongtn^ oj^KMite to.] 

Apkv*^ a-fftp(. •dj. or «ife., m» /*# goMl gaptne ; 

staring vith eagerness or wcmder. [See Oi^J 
AfK(«j ag^ «. a ptedons stone, a semi-pelluctd 

variety ol quarts. J[Gr. achailt, said to have 

been named from a nver in Sicily, where it was 

fonnd.]— «^*. ag'atlaa (-tin). 

Afi, tj, n. the whole period ciUftf or some part of 
it: a generatioD of men: decline of life: a period 
of time : legal maturity. [Fr. SLa, old Fr. tdoff^ 
Pcov. atge, L. mta$t troitaSyVKm. ovum; Gr. 
aiSni Sans. nyns. long life.] 

■fid, S'led, «dj., advanced m agt, old. — m.//. old 

IcirtU Ijent, n, a person or thing thai acts or 
exerts power; a deputy or factor. [L. agent, 
•€tUis~-ag0, to do.] See Act. 

■eney, Sjen-si, n., tht cj^ct or business ^i/" an 
agtmi: action. 

IHllsMMaliiL ag-glc»n'£r-ftt, v./. to wind or gather 
imif a imilot mass. — v.i to grow into a mass : — 
>r./. agglom'erftting; >«./. agglom'eriUed. [L. 
aggiamrrv, to wind to--ad, to, glomus, a balL] 

•oHoMatftaa, as-glom-te-A'shun, n, a growing or 
heaping together ; a mass. 

Aateiteftto, ag-glClftin-at, tr./., i0 ghu U, or cause 
to adhere i—fr./. aggld'tinSong ; >«./. ag^Q'tin- 
ited. [L. aggatimo—ad, to, W«f/m, elue.] 

MffisUaia^ ag-glOC^tin4ui^ n., that which glues to, 
or causes adlMaion.--a4y. causmg adhesion. 

•OlBtlaailoa, ag-gkR>-tin-&'shun, n.,actw state of 
besHg tmiUd as ^ glut, 

•Cglattaathr^ ag-glCQrtin-A-ttv, adj., Unding to or 
having power to cause adkesicm. 

Aonafdlaa, ag'gran-dTz, v.i. to make grand or 
great:--fr.f. ag'grandlung ; pa.p. ag'gran- 
dlMd. [Fr. agrandtr—l^ ad, grandis, great.] 

•grawitlaiiwit, ag'gran-dTz-ment, n.. act <if ag- 
gnmdising: state of being aggnuumcd. 

kgpxnX; ag'gra-vftt, v.i. to make heavier^ to 

make worse; to provoke:—:^./, ag'gravfltmg: 

/a./. ag'gravSted. [L. aggravo, aggravatus — 

tid, to, gravis, heavy.] 
•OravatlMi, ag-gra-vft'shun, «., the tut qf aggro- 

vatingi state of being aggravated: that which 

Aarsf^e* ag'grS-gSt, v.t., to gather together} to 

accumulate uto one mass >-Pr.p. api^grCgfttrng ; 

/a./. ag^grCgftted. [L. aggrego, to brine together, 

as a flock— ^ to, grtx, gregis, a fiodc.] 
•Cgrtgatop ag'grS-ffftt, adj. formed of parts collected. 

— «. an assemuage.--Ai'v. ag'graektoly. 
aorsgattoB. ag-grC^'shun, n,, act of aggregating: 


, ag-gre^, v.^, i^«/Q^/Mmsn& or against; to 


attack \—Pr.p. aggress^g ; >«./. 
eiggrediar, aggressus—ad, to, gn 

. . , „ tor, to step.] 

, ag-giesh'un, «., act qf aggressing; at- 
tack; Injury. 
aar««tv«, ag-greslv, adj. making the first attack; 

active in hostility.— «. aggrsaslvaBMB. 
iftgi Msnivag-gre^or. n., the pers0nwho first attacks. 

Ai|riav«,ag-grSv',v./.tobearA«<n«i^upon; topaia 
or iniure:— :^./. aggriev^mg; pa.p. aggrieved', 
[old Fr. agrever—l.. ad, to, grams, heavy.] 

ll^iaslk ^/^foi!, adj. struck with horror, as if «/ a 
ghost. [A.S. put, breath, a ghost.] 

Aflli^ ajU, adj., active; nimble; alert. [L. agUis 
— ago, to do or act j 

afftttfcy, a-jill^ti, n. , quukness of action ; nimbleness. 

i«ttato, ajl-tftt, v.t, to put into action; to stir 
violently; to discuss:—^./, ag^tfiting; pa.p^ 
ag^itftted. [L. agito-^ago, to put in motion.] 

agi t a t ion , aj-i-ta'shun, n., act of agitating: state of 
bemg agitated.— «. a^ttator, one who agitates. 

AifisA, usfltU AlgleK ft'glet, n. the metal point or 
/Of of the lace or string by which different parts 
Oldress were fastened together ; a spangle. [Fiv 
aiguiUetU, dim. otaigmUe, a needle.] 

Acnall, ag'nal, ». an inflammation rmmd the naiL 
[generally given from A.S. ang-mepi-^etnge^ 
pain, neegel, a nail, but properly from ft anguut' 
aglia, L. inguen, -inis, the groin, aswelUng m it. ] 

Agnate, u^nfit, adj. related by the father's side.-« 
u, a relation by the father's side. [L. agnatus — 
agnascer—ad, nascor, to be bom.] 

^9fi» a^O'i adv., gone: past.— in B., Agona. \ygone, 
the old past put. of the verb to go.'i See Oo. 

Agony, ag'fl-ni, n., a violent struggle; pain. [Gr. 

a^^ia, that causes writhing— i^fiM, a contest.] 
agorae, ag'O-nlz, v.i. to writhe m agony:— pr.p^ 

ag'OnTsing ; >«./. ag'OnTsed. [Gr. agbnisomed^ 

to struggle against — agihi.'\ 
agOBlalag; ag'O-nXs-ing, adj., causing agony •—ado, 


Agrarian, a-grS'ri-an, adj., of fields or lands, or of 
agrarianism. [L. agrar tus ager, a field.] 

agrarlaalam, a-grft'ri-an-izm, n. the equal division of 
lands or property ; the prindplet of those who 
approve of such division. 

Agree, a-gr€', v.i., to he of one mind; to accord v— 
pr.^. agreeing; pa.p. agreed'. [Fr. agrier~- 
gri, gooid-will; L. gratus, plearing.] 

ajT'MW*, a-gr^a-bl, at^'., suitable to; pleasing.— 
adv. agraraUy. 

agreaaUaaaas, a-gr€'a-bl-nes, n., quality of being 
agreetdfle; smtableness. 

agr>am«it,a-gre'ment,«.rr/a/r^<^g»WCT!gy abaxgain. 

Agilealfeara, ag'ri-kul-tOr, n. the art of cultivating 
fields; fanning. [L. ager, a field, cuitura, a 
cultivating, from colo, cultum, to cultivate.] 

agrleottnral, ag-ri-kuftOr-al^ a4J.t ^agriculture, 

agrlcaltvrirt, ag-ri-kul'tOr-ist, n., one skilled in 

MgmuaA, a-ground', adv., on the ground; stranded. 

Agaa, a'gQ, n. a fever coming in sharp attadcs or 
periodical fits. [Fr. aigu, sharp ; L. acutus; Gr. 
aki, a point, firom the root ak, sharp.] 

Ah, &, int. an exclamation of surprise, pity, con- 
tempt, joy, &c [Fr., L. ; Ger. ach: Sans. AJ\ 

aha, ft'hA . tnt, an exclamation of triumph, sufprise* 
or contempt. [Ger. aha^ haha ; Sans, ahaha, aho,\ 

Ahaad, a-hed', adv., on head; further on ; in front; 
onward. [A.S. a, and head."] See Haa4. 

filte^ f&r ; m^ hte ; mine ; mOte ; mQte ; mOOn ; Men. 

ofaM, aOaSM tlttt be was M 4Mtfiiwr>JBMr«lMA 
kwaMComauntd. [U tf/mi^ odier. atfc', whei»] 

llM, iryva, m^'., MmgrnfU mmHktr: foreign; 
cttnuDised from; advcfM ta— «. ooe belooguig 
to mm» iktr country ; coo act endtled todtuBn- 
sfaiix [L. «AmMr, from tfiwr, other.] 

■ ■ ■■ M g. lYytaa^mAA, m4t.^ that may U miitmaUd, 

■ ■ ■■ t i^ iryeD-^ v./. to give awmv a lif ht or pro- 
perty to mm^tk ^ r i to withdraw tA« aficctkMis; to 
misapply:— >r> irieaSdiig; >a/. ftllenftted 

>a«a tle i^ Il-yen-i'shtta, m., met of alUnatimgt 
Slate ot beinff alienated: a transfer of properQr; 
a change of affection. [L. a/*nM/£r.] 

AV^^ a-ll^ v.sL. U JSjfA/ on a thine; to get down 
from ; to uH on :— ^./. afightlag ;>«> al^ht^ed. 

aplln'ment, n. a layit^otic or reguktiag 

hy a line. [Fr. J, and iltfw, a line;] 
IIIU arUkf, a<^'^ ^!ftl» .* having Ukenese to.— «#r. 

in the same manner* fonn, or degree. [A.S. gt-Uc^ 
iWasny ayJFDMmtp «., m ^atnt J kmtmi ; AkxL P* 

m fimu mh u m * hu to nourish.] [food. 

ilhsMto 1, al-i mentitL tuff'., momruitt^; supplying 
aW— tory, al4-flienc^ar4| m^,, f«rUumii£ to mi^ 

««rj«/ or food; nourishmB. 
•BaMoy, all-mun4, «. the auowanoe to a wife when 

kgaBy sepamted froas her husband. 

AII«MBft» al'i-kwanty 4u(f. notin|; a part of a num- 
ber that will not divide it without a remainder, 
thus 5 is an aliquant part of za. [I* miims, 
anothe^jMMJv/att, how great.] 

■llneC an^cwot, A^.pait of a numberwhich will 
divide it without remainder, thus 3 is an aliquot 
part of 19. [L. aluu, another, fttot^ how many.] 

Alive, a-trV, adj,^ Uvo; having lijkj livelv ; active. 

Alksll, allca-li, or -iT, «. the salt oitMo plant kaU: 
a class of salts soluble in water, whioi have the 
power of neutralising adds.-^ Aftaltoa [Ar.] 

sftawy, al-kan-rr» or aTka-li-fl, v./.. U ctmmrt 
mto mm mlkalL vd. to become an aUcali:— ^jk 
alkarifying :/«./. alkaTified. [Alkali, and L. 
fad0t to make.] \.*tfmm alkali, 

aHattae, aUca-hA, or -fin, a4f. having the properties 

alHIwM, aTka-ioM, m, a class of substances of vego- 
taUe origin memNiMgam alkali or powettting in 
a rii^tdfsree the properties of an alkali. [AlkaU, 
andGr. tuloo, a form or resemblance.] 

aifc«»» SeeXaraa. 

All, awl, adj., tk* wkolt; twtxf one of; every part 
oC a d o, whoOy: CMiq>letely; entirely.— «. the 
whole ; every one. IA.S. «a/.] 

AU-ISoeV-day, awl-fiKris^dA, m. the first of April, so 
called from an ancient custom, sn|^;>osed to be of 
Hindu origin, of practising qwrtive deceptions 
on as many persons as posaUe duringthe day. 

AH-HaHow. awMiano, All-Eallowa awl-harlOs, n. the 
^y of the Hofy Omot; A USamid-Dof (Novem- 
ber first), a feast dedicated to all the saints.— 
All-Hanofw-mass, An-Hanow Hia, n., tko Omo near 
AH-SamtsT-Day. [See Haltow, Mass. «lAt.j 

AU-Satatr-Day, awl-sftnts'-dA, is. the first of Novem- 
ber, held as a feast in hocMMr tdaUtkt taimtt, 

All4enV-D». awUflU'-di, «. a feast held by the 
Church of Rome on the second of November, to 
pray for the JMfZr of atf the foithfiil dead. 

an te, awl too, adv. hi B., entirely, altogether. 

ADay, al-li'. v./» to laydomm; toquiet ; to alleviate : 
— /r^. allAy^: /«.A alliyed'. (A.S. a-lttgmm, 
to lay down: or L. m^ to, Itvis, light] See Lay. 

iHsts, al>lej', v.i, Ut. to ttndono with a ckargo: to 
bring forwanU as an argument or excuse z tode- 

irgumeat or excuse z to de- «. aHow'afelmaas. 
019, i|r; B^h^; mint; mGte; nOtai mOOn 


dare ^-:/r.>b•neg^:>«>. alleged'. [L.AZ&f» 
—ad, to^ and Itfo, ItgtUmm, to send.] 
• n aial lea, al-lfi^lhun, m. an amiUuu, 

• ll tl l s an i^ al-le'ji-ans, n, the duty of a sat^}ect to 
his /ktv, die govenunent. [See Utft.] 

ADsgory, aIl6-gor-i, n.. a dncriptiom of one thing 
under the image of anotkor, [Gr. alligoria^ 
all-igorw», to neak so as to imply something 
otker than what is wid aUot, other, and 
agorotti. to ^leak.] 

allaf«H alU«o(^ik, sOitwHial, al4«.gQi^-al, a4j., 
im thtjomm ^am aUogory.—ada. •JOotm^htaj. 

sUsfoclss, atla-ffO-rb, v.t., to tmm imto aiitgor^^^ 
V.L to use aliegoiys-^^ anCgOrfsing; fa.^ 
aKUigOiIsed.— «. allagorlalk one who uses allegory, 

ABape^ al-U^grO, IS. or A^. in MdMdt^ a weed denot- 
ing a MskmortcauealL [It. ; L. alactr, brisk.] 

AllaMah, ADsl^lah, aMeJoc^Ta, ny^rmiot io fak 
or Jehovah; a song of praise. [UebO 

AUeviats^ al-Wvi^ 9 J., to mako Urht: to leaaont 
--^/. aUC'viiting; >«/. allO'viited. Oow L. 
aUtma, aUniaimm. to faghten-^JMi^ light.] 

aOavlatlai^ al-l«-vi^shim, n^tkt met ^ al lnd m ^ 
mg: that which alleviates. 

ADty, alii. is. a oboe along whkh one wMjgos a 
w^ In a guden; a passage nanrower than a 
[Fr. allio, a passage mUtr, to go J 
JttML See under Any. 
_ .al-li^shnn,ii.«^^Mi^£N!rAyv«l«r; 
in ariih. a nue for finding the price or inalne 01 
compounds ooniiistiBg of ingredients of diBersnt 
vakiea. VUamgmtm nd,to,ligo,tm\iaiL\ 

MUtfksr, alliHrft-tor, is. Ut. «W Haaod; die Amer- 
kan crooo(tale. (Sp. ol4agmrto, U lacortm, a 
Uzard.] SeelJmd. 

AmiMaltaa, aMit^i^shun, «. die repetitkm of the 
same kttor at the brginning of two or more 
words dose to each other, as in *«pt«lliteratioo's 
mtfol Md.'--«i^. allitr«a«lv% pertaining to alliter- 
atioa. [LbM^and£tens, aietterj 

AIloeaH alK^kfit, v./., toMu* to; to setasait; to 
give to each lus share. [Lat ad, to, loco, lo- 
catum, to place— ^W«tf, a place.}—*. aUeea'tlon, 
tko act ^alloca t ing; an aUotment 

Alloeatton, al-UMcO'shun, m.,a tMakiag to: an 
address by the Pope. [L. aJiocuiio ad, to^ 
lofuar, locmtut, to q>eak.] 

ATli^*— n. aUO^di-um, m, an estate hdd in abaoluto 
possession without a feudal superior. Dow L^* 
AH, and oki Ger. od. property; Ice. mdal] 

aUoilal, aMO'di-al, a^. not hekl of a superkir. 

AOspathy, al-lo[/a-thi, n. a mode of coring diseaaea 
by producing a condition of the system op^otita 
to that essential to the distaoo, [Gr. aUot, 
another, ZMtd/atko*. disease.] 

aUspathK al-U^path'ik, aify' /ortaimimg U alio- 
>w(^.— «. aOofpatlili^ al-loi/apthbt, one who 
practises medicine in accordance with all o pat hy . 

ABol» al-fotf, v.i, to give a lot ioi—pr.p, aUottlng ; 
pti^. aUott'ed. [L. ad, to, and Lot.] 

aOotmaal^ al-kyt'ment, m., tk* act ^allottimg: that 
which IS allotted. 

Allow, al-loV, vJ., toplact to; to gnmt; to permit 
[Fr. allomtr, to grant ; L. allocaro—ad. Ucare, 
to place to. Aflow is also used by old writers 
and in B., in the sense of approve, in which 
case the root is L. Imado, to prais&] 

n, anew^aWsnssi itrfp. allav'ably. 


al-D'aun-Ay almrtw, atl'a-inui. n. one of the 
earths ; the characteristic ingredient of day. 

tiaadittm, al-II'min-tUy adj., cffnimming alum or 

■ I— Im , al-flTminHxra, alwlit— , al-A-min't-ttm, «. 
the metallic base of alumina. 

Ai l— « s » arhnn'mis, m., ont thai is nourished: one 
educated at a college is called an alttmtuu of that 
college. [L. 0tlumttM»—ttlo, to nourish.] 

Almf% awKwSLz, -Alwaj, awKwO, «tdv, through all 
wajfs; forever. 

Mm, an, the fint person of the verb /« ^. [A.S. 
WM, I am ; Gr. eimn; Sans, omii.] 

lagja, a-mSn'. adv., with maim or strength ; vehe- 
mently; soddenlT. [A.S. a, maegtH, strength— 
magam^ to be able, may.] 

A — lg*w. a-mal'gam, n. a compound of mercury 
with another metal ; a mixture. [Gr. malagtma, 
an emollient— MoAatf^, to soften.] 

MMlfMto, a-mal'ga-mit, v.t. to nux mercury 
tnth another metal; to tDvc—v.i, to bloid : to 
unite >-/r./. amal'gamAtingi^a./. amaKgamftted. 

■ MlgM S tlMi , armal-ga-ma'shun, n.. the act 0/ 
mmmi ga m at i mg : a mixing or blendmg. 

H— WMiMfs , a-man-Q-en'sis, «. one who performs 
for another the wKmna/ part of composition ; one 
who writes to dictation. [L. memus, the hand.] 

< imrMit >, am'apranth, ▲mantathu^ am-a-ranth'us, 
IB., the unfading Jtinoer : a gentis of pUnts with 
thm dry leaves, that last long without withering, 
vkLeve Uesbi^ding. [Gr. amarantos, unfading 
—a, not, maruinamai. to die away.] 

l ai s Tswtlitn i^ am-»Tan'thin, adj., pertaining ie 
amaranth; unfiuling. 

AMMk a-mas', v./. to add te the mass; to collect ; 
to aocumulate :— >r./. amas^ng ; Ak.>* amaned'. 
[ft. amasser^-'L, massa, a mass. J 

AbiIsv, am-a-tSr', n.. one who cultivates a study 
or ait for the lave ci so doing and not for gain. 
[Fr. bom L. ama/er, a lover— am^, to lov^ 

•Bsitf% am'artxv, amatory, am'a-tor-i, amatorlil, 
XEM-Ufri-al, adj'., relating ta lave ; affectionate. 

■■■ItfMMmg am'a-tiv-nes, H.,prepensity to love, 

haam, a-mSx', v.t. to put the mind in a maae: 
to bewilder ; to asTonith, confound >-fr.p. amSz^ 
ing '.AM. wtBOanA'.—adv. amaalagly. [See Mhae.] 

mam (poet), a-mar', i m s wln ss s, a-mls'ed-nes, 
■■imiiinil, a-mar'ment, «., steUe of being amaaed; 
asroniwhmmt : in B., bewilderment oimind. 

innmn, am'a-xon, n. one of a race of female 
warrion wAa cut off the right breast in order to 
use their weapons more efSciently ; a maw^iiigyft 
woman. [Gr. a, without, maaos, a breast] 

■aaaoBlaa, am-arz(m-an. adj., of at resembling tm 
Auuuon; warlike; ot mascuuoe manners. 

Aalamsdor, anifbas'a-dQr, n., m messenger; one 
test QQ an embassy; a minister sent to represent 
a sovereign or state at a foreism court-^^., 
sisti a W adrsB^ [A.S. ambiht; Goth, andbahts, 
aaervant, prob. from bah.u. backer. a henchman.] 

taksaagt^ amias-ftj, n, (obs.) an embassy. 

hm^ee, am^r, n. a yellow fossil resin. [Ar. anbar.'X 

•mU^iiM,zBi'htt'gcH,n,,grayatnber, [Amber, aiM 
Fr./w, gray.] 

AinM d wWr , am-bi-dekfl't«r, n. one using both hands 
with equal facility ; a double-dealer.— «<(/. soMi- 
U^tnm. [L. ambo, both, dexter, right-hand.] 

AiiMaBtk am^-ent, a4f., foing rotmd; surround- 
ing. [L. ambi, about, tens, going— «9, to go.] 
am-big'a-as, a4f, lit driving abomis 


obscure ; liaving more than one meaning. — €idv, 
amtrfg'wMUljr. [L.aM^£fMM«— aM^<f9,togoabout, 
ambit about, ago, to <&ive.] 
aaUgaity, am-bi-g(n-ti, n. uncertainty of significa- 
tion ; double meaning. 

Ambltioa, am-bish'un, n. ons. in Rome the going 
about of candidates for ofl&e seeking votes ; the 
desire for excellence, preferment, honour, or 
power. [L. ambitio, from ambio, to go about— 
ambi, about and eo, itum, to go.] 

amMttoM, am-bish'us, ad/., /ull ^ ambition ; de- 
siroiu of power ; a^irmg.— «<ftr. amMtimidy. 

Aabl% amlbl. v.i. to move as a horse by lifting ivM 
legs on each side alternately : to move affectedly : 
'-fr.p, am'bling: pa.p, am'bled.— 4*. a pace of 
a horse between a walk and a trot [Fr. ambler; 
L. ambulare, to walk— om^, both.] 

aablw, am'bl^r, n. a horse that ambles, 

Aakntla,am-brO'shi-a,M.,MnKtfffa/; the fabled food 
of the gods: whatever is very pleasing to the 
taste or smelL [Gr. a^ not, brotos, mortal; Sans. 
a-^nrita—a, not, mrt, L. mori, to die.] 

amfereslal, am-brS'shi-al| aabnslaB, am-brO'zhi-an, 
adj., having the guahties o/a$nbrosia ; fragrant ; 
delicious.— Wv. amlnWlaQy. 

Attbty, am'bri, «., a place or diest for arms, plate^ 
books, &C. ; a pantry. [Fr. armoire; L. arma- 
rium : or a corruption of Almoary.] 

ibolaat^ amlA-lant, a^/; tualhing or moving 
about m>m place to place. [L. ambulans, -antts 
^-ambuio, ambtdatum, to walk about]) 
aabnlaaos, am'bQ-lans, n, a carriage which serves 
as a tnovable hospiud for the wounded in battle. 
aabvlatloB, am-bQ-U'shun, m., a waihi$ig about, 
aabolatoty, am'bO-la-tor-i, ad;., moving about, 
k mY m anOa , am'bus-kftd, Ambosh, am'boosh, n, a 
hiding in a bush^ as troops, to attack by su^Mise: 
the puce of hiding : the troops lying in wait— 
v.t. to place in ambush : to attack suddenly.— 
v.i. to ue in ambush ^—pr.f, amlmscadbg, am'- 
bushing ; >a>. amlmscftded, amlHished. ^Fr. 
embuscade, embuche— It, itnboscare, to place m a 
bush — im, in, bouo. a bush, wood.] 
aabBsbment, am'boosn-men^ n, (obs.) an ambush. 
AmaUoiaH a-mCl'yor-at, v.t. to make better; to im- 
prove. — v.t. to grow better:— ^./. amCliorSt'* 
wg ; ^/. ameuorftt'ed.— M. amsUoia'ttoa. [Fr. 
anUltartr—L. melior, better.] 

DMB. S'men' (in singing, &'menO, adv., so be it; 
be It established. [Gr. and Heb.] 

, a-mC'na-U, adj\ otig. easy to be led or 

governed: liable.— a/v. ama'aably. [a, Fr. mener, 
to lead— L. ad, to, manus, the hand.] 

Amnd, armend'. v.t,, to mend; to free,^VMi mis^ 
tahe or /amt; to correct ; to improve i—pr.p. 
Ainendlng; pa.^, amend'ed.— «<(/. amsnirsbk. 
[Fr. amender—ls. a, from, menda, a mistake.] 

a menrtmwit , a-mend'ment, n., act of amending i 
correction ; i mp ro v ement : an addition or alter- 
ation proposed to be made in a bill or motion. 

aaMdi^ a-mends', n.pL reparation ; recompense. 

Amenltj, a-menl-ti, n,, pleasantness, [Fr. aminiti \ 
L. amcenitas — atnomus, pleasant] 

Aauree^ a-mirsf^ v.t, to place at the mern of % 
court ; to inflict a penalty the amount of which 

mercy- , , ^ ^ 

a m e r cea bl S b a^n^a-H '"dj-t Uableto amercement . 
aasretasaa% a-mirs'ment, n, a penalty ^flirtiwil at 

the discretion or jiMnqir of a court 

fiUe, fir; ml^hte; nObe; mOte; nflte; mOOos Men. 


yu^ktn, md/t if or belon|jtt| to 

[from Um duMvcror, ^MfruvyM- 

puocs, a Florentine.1 tkUoiii. 

■■nflMilMi, ft^oMf'Httii-ua, «. an ^mwrioM 

AoMtliyit, am'e-thist, #». orig. a Hoim myymu] to 

pmtmidruHktmidts; aprectousstooaof adaep 

iriolat colour. [Gr. mmttky ti m m , without, 

mtiJ^, to ba dntiil(aa.}-HM(/. aaM«k|a*tlM('tin). 

irtiMa, rmi-a-bl, o^., UtmSU; worthy of lo«« ; 

lovely. [L. mm Mn * am o, to lort.)— nAr. 

a'atoMy.— «r. aarfaMllty* a^wltMwiw. 

to aabattoa on aooount of its reatstanca to ira. 

[Gr. a m i mmf M m, aoC, mimM, to poUuta.] 
JiMliiMt, am'i^cabt, adj., Jrimdly; paaceaUe. 

[L. mmieoMii amkms , a fr ien d « »■» , to lora.] 

'-adv. aa1wiM(y.-Hi. aailMMfii 
aalty, am'Ui, m., MemdM^; good-wiU. [Fir. 

mttJHii Lk Mwncwit^ ■ ■ <w>iflwf , a inaadL] 
Aaiaa, amli, «. lit ao math i n g rt » » M w w p w w / oiie r 

a flowing cloak fenoavlv worn by laie a u and 

pilgrims : a collar worn oy niaatf wMm tha alb 

about tha nadi and ihouldar. [old Tt. mm$$, 

m mkt L. amtietttt, thrown round mmMo^ 

ambit around, Jacia, to throw.] 
Aitfd, a^mid' Aid**, apmidM", /ri^.,^ thtmiddk; 

among. [A.S. «, MftdUIaji, tna middla.] 

Aaln. a-mUr', mK, *i orror; wrong. <w#». fai a 
&uitymannar. [A.S. 4^ ayrfiaian, to miat, to arr.] 

Airtly. Saa undar imHaMa 

AmwiMita, aro-mO'niHL n, TobtOa aBtaB, the pun- 
gent prindpla oi tmelliM salts, originally 
obtained near the temple or Jupiter Amttton in 
Libya, m ^ i, •mmafwiUt aaaMHfaaaL 

AsBMtlta, am'mon-Tt, »• an extinct genus of mol- 
luslcs, so called because they reaambled the homa 
on the statue of Jupiter Amumn wo r ship ped 
undar dia form of a ram. 

tosiiHUIsn, am^'mO-iush'ua. at. anything used /er 
m t mitim or df/htcti military stores m genoaL 
espedaily powder, ball, bombs, ftc. TL. ma, 
for, and mmmH§, defen c e m mmi o, to defend.] 

Amaesly, am^nes-tl, »., a mot nrntmbtrmt; a 
general pardon of political offenders. [^ m, 
not, m mu^ m tm i, to think on, remember.] 

Aasaca-mun^, I mn n yt , a<nungst',>f«^.,a(m[|^in/ 
or mnxtd wtih; amidst ; of the numW. [A.S. 
pm-^«mmm£ m t m n gmn , to mingle, mix.] 

Ameteas, am'oc^us. mff.. JkU ^Um: bcSned to 
love.— «4/v. aveceirfy.— M. aa'sreiflMss. [L. 
44M#9*, iov^-^MM^ to lore.] 

asMur, a-mOOi', n, a Um btngua. [Fr. ; L.4UM#r.] 

Amsmheas, a^moi'ftiiL m^ vtUkomi «l«^. [Gr. «, 
without, <wM]Mf, shape.] 

•■■M < i a-cMunt', «.£, 1» mmmi or rise itv; to 
resuk fa>-yr>. amounting: /a/, amoonlfed. 

result. [fV. 

~«k the whole sum or result [F^. MM/rr, to 
ascend: L. «i^ to, mmt, m m Hs , a mountain.] 

Amear. Tnn iiniUi isiefiiss 

AnvhlMa, am-fibVa. AmyMMals, am-fiVI-als. or 
i MtiM s a iL am-fib'Uiu, n^ animals ca^le 
of livimf Htk under water and on luBdu—adt, 
MapM bt eas. [Gr. m^^ both, Mm, life.] 

i l > tb i»' b , am'S-brak, n. Y^/oHry, a foot having 
a«A«r«sy0ableM«KA<M6ofak)nf oosL [Gr 
m—p^ on each side, Jrwo^, short.] 

AmplMfeastee, aathfi-thra-Or^ «., a dmd k iktmirt : 
a theatre of aa oval ar circular shape with an 
area (the arena) fai tha centra^ (Gr. MUbl^bolh. 

>^a; peihape from Gr. om, up,pUot, frUL] 
•Wtfy, am'pli-fl, v./., U maJki aw^ or ib#xv; to 

add ta— w.i^ to be difiuse in argument or d»- 

scription :->r./. am'pUfjring : /«.A am'pUfied. 

[L. ampli fier am ^Uu^ txcgt^/aew^ to make.] 
ampUicattea, am-pli-n-kA'shun, «., euUrgemfMi, 
amplltads^ am'pli-tOd, «., largtnsia: abundance. 
Ampatato, arn'oO-ta^ vJ., to cut fffromtd aio^l 

to prune or lop off a branch; to cut off a Emb or 

member of an animal body :-^./. am'pQtltins; 

/«./. am'pQt&ted. [L. tunfutth-awth, aroonal, 

PutOt pntatumt to cut] 
■ ■f i tMl w , ax^ph-tt'shun, m., tkt ad or opsatfon 

qfemtthtg ojgrtL limb. 

Amalst, am'fl-let, n. something carried or worn 
about the person as a charm against evlL [L. 
ofmiictmm: Ar. hMttaia, to carry.] 

Aaanss, a-mOs', vJ. lit to give one ■nm^littig /^ arwar 
Ml ; to occupy wholly, to absorb (obs.) : to enter- 
tain.-W^. amWdagly. [JPr.ammer. SeeMtasa.] 

ssiBBSiiisiil, a-mOz'ment, n,, that which 
pastime; entertainment 

amastve, a-mllslv, adj., having the Power 1o < 
or< * ' - ■ 

An, ai^ a4J., om; the indefinite artide used before 
words beginning with the sound of a towcL 
[A.S.«n.f See One.'tist, m^ omewhotaptiteti^mim; 
one who maintsins that persons biq)iiscd in their 
infancy should be baptised ai^un, and that adults 
only should be bl^>tised, bv being d!^MMf in water. 
[Gr.«fM,again^//t>^, to baptise, to dip in water.] 
— ^Aaab^felsiB, H. the doctrine of the Anabaptists. 

AaaehNalm^ an-ak'ron-tzm, «. an error in cwnjnit- 
ing time by which events are misplaced. [Gr. 
tma, back, chronot, time.]— «4^'. aaae^ealstle. 

AnaerMBtK a-nak-re-on'tik, n. after the "**"n^r of 
Anacreoit, a Greek poet ; joyous ; free. 

AaMthallay an-es-thetHc, a4t*t deprivimgqffeeUm£m 
— «. a snhstance. aa dUoroform, used to render 
peisoos insensibloi. [Gr. a, pnv., and atrrtia- 
nomai, to feeU] 

Aaa#ffh,an'a-gBf, n. aa onMuncat««roi«/M rriigf, 
[Gr. AM, up, gkfphi^ to carve.}-«<r. SMftyiTlla. 

Aas^noa, an'a•Klmal^ «. the dmnging of one word 
or aenteaoe Into another by a trmMspoeiHom, of 
the letter^-^oM, astronoier— moon s t a r er. (Gr. 
AIM, back, g ramm a , a letter.1 

Ik'al, eu(f^,J o 9 'miM£ 

a-naTo-ji, m,,po9portiem ; an _^ _. 

comBpondenoe in osttam respects between things 
otherwise different: Ukeoesa. [Gr. a mal t gi a 
mma, up ta, logoe, proportion or relation.] 

aasl^lrst an^i-tojlk-al. adj., having, or acooidias 
to. amaiogy.—adv, aaatartaally. 

sasliglsiL a-naFo-jls, v.L to explain kf ammh gjf : — 
/r./. aaaToglsiiu;; >«>. anaToglsed. 

saslnglsB. a-naKo-jwn, «. a reasoning np from 
cause to effect 

fi p^ il ^ r Mini, wiw 1^1 ■ J. 

aaakgo^ an'a-lte, n, a word or l^uog^ hoarimg 
amaletj it, or lAe another. 

■i^,^» anm<, V.L, to to si w ; to rsaolvo or ^^ 
rate n whole into iii cnmpfmenf. parts >~fr.p. 

fltt^Oi: aii^Mri mlMj 



•a, 9.adn, fyn*—fy3. to looMn.] 
•rciar»'«ii» «. « resolTinc or ««pM>ri^g a 
_ iato ita •Icmwif or cnmponwit ports ; an 
•aamiBafeioB of tho Mpaiata parti of a wkokw 

4iKllc Uiar«a^ an^klitUc-al, m4/., 
_ t0 anafyn't . mw . •anij^fimltf, 
aara4itlka, nMM£.^ tckmct o/unnfyriM, 
aa'afMiK, «. a dac^ Urmck hmck or ro- 
: a iMlikal foot of three syllables, tbo test 
of wluch is accented.— 4i^. saapei'tle. [Gr. 
< w<t/ ii ftr/rt» a m m, bad^ >C(9, to strike.] 

, an'IrJd, m., /Atf wami qf govtmmtni in 
astate.— «agr«.sm'^lB,aasx'ehksL [GrumonpilM 
without, mrcJki, goremment] 

. a»«di'6^mu a. orig. aa offering ui or 

flfl^ fai a temfde, devoted to the gods; an 

' slcmne. EOr.a«a,ap,/iri6llii«i;toset.] 

ask-atb^S-ma-lIs, v.i. to prono un ce ao- 

caned:— >r/k aaaty^imiwg ; >i>. aaalh**- 

ait of mswclio a ; sdenoe of the stmcture of the 

inmmS, to cut.] 

. apoat'e-atfs, v.iL, iS^avtf m^; to dissect an 

animal >-fr^, anat'Ombing ; /o^. snst'Omlied. 
lataBM^ aMtt'ft'nis^ ml, §m Jk$i&d m mmU^m^. 
setrtor, sa'acs^or, a. ooa who has g»m or Uved 
ac/!'»v v>* • fonftther: one from whom a pecsoa 
has dci « n d<d.-5/ 'p M tr i«. [L. ««iite«cj»r 
befcvL Md^, caina. to ga] 
^ aa-Bcrbal, o^f., rv2s/ti|v il# ^mcttUn. 
Jt an'ses-tris a. descent; lineage. 
j« aaglcor, a. fit. iJkai wkkM has am aitgit: « 
heavy iroa nutrument to hold a ship in a pai^ 
^»lar spot; fig,, what gives safety or security. 
[L.. amcvra; Gt, aMgkmrm—amgkot, a bcnd^ 
root ofl^ or aal^ bent] 

»*b«^ angTcor, v.t, U Jlx fy th* help of am 
^i»cwr. — v.i, to cast anchor ; to stop^ 6x, or rest 
on >-pr.p, an'choring; pa^. an'chored. 

i^ocage, anglcor-aj, n.,gr9und/orafuhoring in : 
duty paid for hberty to anchor. 

aqg'ko-ret, Aachorlls, angTco-rtt, a. one 
who has eofu back or retired from the world. 
rCr. anacMrit U ama, back, c^9rg9, to ga] 

Aa^oyy, an-chOH «• a small fish of the herring 
land used as a sauce. [Port. omcApvo, Gcr. aa- 
teJkffVf, said to be of Iborian origin, ana meaning 
1^ a iMi^fish, from Biscayan oftckatva, dry.] 

4a*«l, te'shent, a<r. that has been AeW; old.— 
f*->^ ardaai^ those who lived b remote times : 
in B., elders.— a/v. aa'etaatly.— «. aa'dsataMS. 
[F^. mmcitm; It. at t ai m mo—i m Mi, L. awi^, before^] 

iiMinaij, aa'stl-ar-i, mdu^f^riaimngUa maid-MT' 
aaa/; subservient. U'. aact^ a maid-servant] 

lad, and, eonj. signifies addition, and is used to 
connect words and sentences. [A.S.] 

». u-dan^te,a<6'.,/v«i^ea»ly; moderately 
* expressive. [It a arfanr, to ga] 

.andWn, a., i^#r«a which supports fuel 
or in which a spit tnms. [A.S. bmrnt-ism, 
brand-inm: low L. andtna, tmdtria: A.S. 
wndm, to tun, and boat or E. £nd4r9M,] 
AasedoAe, aa'ck-^ a. somethfaig natMUsJUd; an 
—•—*. of private lifo; a short story. [Gr. aa, 
'■^-t, pobhihed^-<l^ out, did§t $ ii , to give.] 

• «er,^fWf ^i 



a-nenTo-ni; a. the emu^flower. (Gi; 
MaM, wind.] 

u'e-roid, mij, applie^'to a barooMtcr ia 
which the pressure of the air is OMasured «mM- 
Mf/ the use otiigMtd. [Gr. a, without. a#»«r, wet.] 

lasBrlam, an'fl-rism, a. a tumour produced \fy the 
sm^MMV' ^ or dilation of an artery. [Gr. 
aa«aruMa-wwia, up, auya, wide.] 

Aasw, a-nO', adv,, in a mrw time or way; again. 

Asfsl. an^el, a. lit a «MMMtfvr;a diviaa mimon 
ger; a spirit: an old Eiml com = zos., bearing 
the figure of aa angitL [U at^gtlus; Gr. tmf 
g*ln—umg^tt9, to tell or deliver a mesaagej— 
M(f*, sBcsHe, angelleal.— aifip. aafsrisally. 

■far, ang'gfcr, a. lit ^uurg; orig. CrooUe, 
oppression : a passion excited by bjury.— a./, to 
nake angry, or painful >-^^, an'genag ; /a/. 
angered. [A.S. attg9, trouble; Ger. «ar* coav- 
pressed; Lw ani^t to areas ti^^tly: Gr. ai^itA9, 
to compress— root aaa, to press together.] 
r, ang'grl, ai^., gxciUd tviU tmgar; infli 
' aa'giQy. 


A«lK ang'gl, a., a 5Muf ; a ooroer ; the point where 
two lines meet : in rcMw., the indinatioo of two 
straight Uaes which meet together, but are not 
in the same straight line. [Fr. : L. aiya^; Gr. 
arngfytM—OM^k^, a bend— root mv; oentj 

ug^, aqg'gQ-lar, a^.,Aav^ aa amgU.^adv. 
aa'gilarly.— a. aafslarlty. 

iBfK ang'gl, a. Ut a hachi a fishbg^rod with its 

to e 

•a'ltar. ,-. ^ , - —^^ 

aacUag, ang'gling, a. the art or practice <tf fishing 
with a rod and line. 

AngUe, ang'glik, Mgttsaa, n>ijdcit:^^mJU,^ngUA, 
[A.a wfii^ikr. ^i^f^, the JEngUsh.] See&igliik 

an|lkis^ ang'gli-STs, v./. to make EngUik :—^J. 
anglicising ; /a Jw ang'BcXsad. 

MHWft*ww . a^gU-tian, n, an Sngiitk vSaom or 
peculiarity of languaae. 

a n g le B a iwii , ang'gw-sa&un, adj,, EngHsk SaxoiK 

Aagrj, See under Aafsr. 

Aagik^ aag'gwish, a. narrowness fioat/rMsaar; 
a strait ; excessive pain of body or mind. [FT. 
OMgtfisM; It angoscia; Lw attgustia, a strai^- 
M^g», to prett ti^tly.] See Aafsr. 

lagilsr, AagilarilF. See under Aaile. 

AMUt», an^ a<y., rflaivig i^tmold womtm; aged; 
imbecBa^ — a. aaltHy. [L. aaar, an okl woman.] 

irtws#vrt» an-i-mad-v«rt', v.i, to iumt HU mind 
to or ttgamti; to criticise or ce nsur e '<—fr.p, 
animadvert'ing ; >a.>. animadvert'ed. [L. aas- 
an», the mJno^ ad^ to, twr/<r, V €r »um ^ to turn.] 

aalstt d v erd ca, an-i-mad-v^shui^ a. criticism ; cen- 
sure; reproof. 

AalflBsi ani-mal, a. a bebg with li/k: an organised 
body havbg life, sensation, and voluntary motion. 
—oM. aalmaL [L. — a$itma, aur, lifo ; Grr. ontrnM, 
wind— a^, aimit Sans, an, to breathe, to blow.] 

iwlmsHm, anl-mal-ism, «., tkt ttatg ^ mare 
attimal txixUnc*, 

aatnaknls^ an-i-maFkfil, a., a iKM2r mttimai; aa 
animal Uiat cannot be seen by the naked eye. — 
>i aahaaX'ealM or aabMlfeela. [L. aarfaia/faArar, 
dim. cS animiU.y—adf. aalasrevlar. 

aaiaaH a]Kl>inAt, vJ, fit i0jta miiA tfwmik; to 

flia, fibr; mi^hte; mhie; nOta; nOte; mOOn; Men. 


ulmldaf ; jla.>. KiTioaxtd. [L. awn -tUHM.] 

Tiolal hund. |L. m 

, — _ -^, --, f , iUSeruif D 

difcnnl coimtria bum a lo la (iDiibi. |D J 

AbUl ang^, ■. the JchdL bn w nji the foot uid 
the la, forminj u aMgl: (A.S. wrib; Gr. 
im£ijrVt—aM£ttfMt A bend — mol diy, benLj 

nklM, ui^el, H., a Mill a-ili; m aatmeat 

LDoeHnij theuiAefKeof:— >ry. umrhilitinB;; 
>s>. mimnuUted. (L, mHnOala, aiaiUalalio-~ 
ad, to, luA a/iim , DoUuDg.] 
— IMI b U b^ UMil-liU-1'thuii, tr^t art ffdfttrrjii^; 
tUte at hang reduced lo noihinf . 


r. no.. Lu^. ui ™J 

d, u/a-llL-ed, ajj-jfiin^iiud wtik rjt^r. 

■ GlJet. 

uw. — /t. tmedicuie ihaX aUa^Fipuil. [Gr- a, am, 
miliout, n^n/, pain.] 

iMlUi^ {thej, i-noint'ed, j^'the Meuiih. 

■ ^n ■■ ^ ■■ g , «4aiii'm4ui, miff., imculiir, d^vudos 


•ooa after. [A.S. m. [n. 
*— T ^e at . B-nonl'iniia, adJ^t^alAaMt a 

denarioq (rom nila. [Gf . 

LD-tif'o-Diim, ■■» fonttiii oppoddoiL 
■nl^lili'lik, ejj., tMarilt 

ferent Bdei of the cqulKH. [Gl. i 

to, «<■«, to dwelL] 
AatHDHr, ■n-te-lmi'iai, •., a firfnmatr. (!• 

uiV. beTere, «"*. cuthb, la ma.] 
AaltdaH as'IB-dlt, v.t, te iaU ttjhrj tiM (rat 

tiiMi to aMicipato;-^^ aa'tMltnn i /a^ 


urt8dited.>«. a prior date. [L. mnii, before. 


AaMltaviM, aii.«Kii.lO'vi-«a, «</. existing U/art 
tkg dehigw or flood.— k. one who lived before the 
deiitfe. (L. amU, before, dOmnmm, a flood] 

iBtolope, an'te40p, m. Et. «7iw/ iip a dger; a genus 
of quadrupeds mtermediate between the deer 
and goaL [perhaps from Gr. anti^ equal to, 
tlapkn^ a deer, connected with Lmpu] 

iBlsMtMlaa, an-tS-me-rid'yan, adj,^ U/am mid- 
day, or noon. [L. ««iSr, before, meridut, mid- 
day.] See MsMlaiL 

ABtamAaM, an-tS-mun'dan, ««., htfprtikt world; 
before the creatioa of the world. [Ik oiti^, before, 
m tm dt u, the world.] 

Aalnaa^an-ten^K. the feelers or horns of insects* 
[L. oM/mxa, the yard or beam of a sail.] 

A sl s p w atl ^ an-te-p6-nulc', Aatspnnlttauito, an-t8- 
pC-nuTd-mat, n,, he/ore tht UituU, or ntjct uiii- 
9uUe syllable of a word, the last syllable of a 
word but tmo.'—adj. aatepMral'tliiiattk [L. mmU, 
before, /mr, almost, ulti$m$s, last.] 

Aj^otec; an-tCri-or, adj' before, in time or place; 
in front [L. oomp. ofemU, before.] 

slfeMi, an'lhem, sr. a piece of sacred music per- 
fanned by chonsters who nng in turn or tuiler^ 
M/r(r; a sacred song. [A.S. anie/en ; Gx. anH- 
f h§mn ant i^ in return, /AA«#, tlM voi<x.] 

Aslter,anfthte, n. the nunmit or top of the stamen 
in \Memer. [Gr. ««/4^rar, flowery, blooming— 
mmiM, to Ho as o m a ntk M, a flower.] 

i BtlwIs g y. an-dkoTo-ji, n., m gaihgring ifjlamere ; 
a discourse on flowers : a collection of poems or 
choice pieces.— «iCr- saAhelnglcaL [Gr. tmtkoe, 
a flower, l^, to gather.] 

Astkndls. an'thra-SR, »., st0tu<oai; a hard kind 
of cool that bums without flama iOr. antkrax.^ 

Aattnpotagy, an-thrO-^'o*jt, «., m tUsccurae 0n 
man; the natural history of the human species. 
[Gr. mmtMr^pcs, man, l^;o»t a discouxse.>-«<^'. 

an-thrO-pofa-jT, «^, mmn-eaiers; 

ra nnih a l s. [Gr. mnikrdfot^ man, /W;^. to eat.] 
■sttntofhtgy* ao-thrO-poTa-ji, ». canniraiism. 
Aaiie. ai/tik, mdj., that ha* been b^ore : antiqne l 

odd ; fimaful ; ridiculous.— «. a fantastic figure ; 

a bttflboo ; buffoonery ; a trick. [L. anticut, 

MtOq uuB ea/ #, before.] 
AattcMH, an'ti-krlst, n. the v^aXoppostr 0/ Christ 

and Christianity. [Gr. anti, against, Okrisk}— 

tdj. tBtkkilstiaa, an-ti-krist^yan. 

latWptH aa-tisVpit, v,t.,to take or act before the 
tine ; to pre-occupy, foretaste, or foresee v—Pr.p. 
snodpAting; /a.i. antic^xp&ted. W^antiapo— 
mto, before, c^te, to take.]— a^/I aattelpatory. 

— tf^lyth a, an-tis-i-pi'shtm, n., the act ^ emtici- 
/•/Mtf ' foretaste; previous notion. 

Aail-«ltaMz, an-ti-kirmaks. »., Mr o^siU of 
cUmaxi a sentence in which the ideas become 
ksft important at the close. [Gr. antit against, 

Attettaal, an-ti-klfnal, a^., irxliningtn oppoeiU 
directioDS. [Gr. anti, against, kUnd, to bend.] 

AattdoH an'tt-dOt, is. that which vtjtiven against, 
tf as a remedy or preventive. [Gr. antidotoe— 

• osft, against, diddmi, to give.]--A(f. aa'tldolaL 

AatiBoay, an'ti-mun-i, n. a brittle, white-coloured 
metal much used in the arts and in medidne. — 


, [usually given, Gr. anii. agamsl; 

Fr. 9noine, a mrnnk, as if monk's-bone, but prob. 
corrupted from the Arabic] 
Btinnmt a n . an-ti-nfi'mi-an, n. one «u;ain*t the iawf 
one who denies the continued obligation of the 
moral law. [Gr. anti, against, nemos, \»M.}—adj, 

Anttpatky. an-tipVthi, «., a/eeUng against ; dis- 
like; opposiuon. [Gr. anti, against, pathos, 
feeling. ]--A^>. aatlpathst'le, aattpathet leal. 

Anttpblog l s M c, an-ti-flo-jis'tik, euij,, aetinf against 
heat or inflammation. [Gr. antif agauist, phlo^ 
giston, combustible.] 

An Mp h en , an'ti-fbn, Aattpbony, an-tif 0-ni, »., alter* 
mate chanting or si^ng. [Gr. anti, in return, 
s. I dee 

and phOni, voice.] 
Mttphoiial, an-tif 0-naL ad^.^ pertaisting to asUi^ 
phony, — M. a book of antiphons or anthems. 

Aatlphraals, an-tif la-ds, n* the lise of words in a 
sense opposite to their proper m e aning, [Gr. 
anti, opposite to, phrtuis, speech.]— «<(^. aall> 
phras^tlcaL adv. aaMftsmrUotJOif, 

AaMpo^bttf an-tiO'oKies. n,pi, those living on the 
other side of tne globe, and whoscjiet are thus 
opposite to aaxu—ad/. aaUp'odaL [Gr. anti, 
opposite to, /Mtf, Podos, a fooL] 

iBtlvw, an-tdt', adt\, that has been b^ore; old : 
ancient.— IS. a^tning very old; the relics of an- 
cient times. [Fr. ; L. antiq uns emte, before.] 

aatlq^aiy, an'ti-kwa-ri, aattqaarian, an-d-Kwfl'ri-an, 
n, one who studies or collects anciont things.— 
etdj, aBUqoa'rlaa. — n. aatiqiia'rtaBlsm. 

aatlqaats, an'ti-kwSt, v.t., to make antique or obso- 
lete; to put out of use. \X^tuUiquo—antiquuStO\i.\ 

aa t lqaa t sd, an'ti-kwftt-ed, A^',/TotM» oCd: out of 
use.— It. aa'tlqaatsdaaas. [a relic of the past. 

aatfqal^, an-tilc'wi-ti, is., ancient times: great age : 

Antlsnlani^ an-tish'yans, Anttseli, an-tishl-T, ic./A 
people who live on dinerent sides of the equator, 
and whose shadows at noon fall in opposite direc* 
tions. [L. ; Gr. anii, opposite, skta, a shadow.] 

Aallasptle, an-ti-sep'tflc, adj., counteracting putre^ 
/action. (Gr. anti, against, ^tos, from sip9, to 
make potnd.] 

Anttstropha an-tisftro-fi, «., a turning again; the 

, stanza of a song exactly answering the previous 
stro^. See MrephfS.— a^. aatlslrsph'le. [Gr. 
astH — sirophi, a turning, strephd, to turn.] 

Aattthasls, an-tith'e-sis, n, l—pi, Aatttk'ssss, -sCs. a 
placing against; contrastof thoughts or words: 
opposition. [Gr. — «»»//,against,/kn#Mrr, to place.] 

aatlthstle, an-ti-thet'ik, a a tit hsyeal, an-ti-thet'ik-a], 
adj. contrasting ; qn>osed.— o^. aatltlMlleany. 

Aatttyps^ an'ti-tip, is. that which corresponds to the 
type; that of which the tjrpe is the pattern or 
piefiguration. [Gr. om//, correroonding to, (;/m, 
a type.}— adj. aattlyploaL— «inr. aatttyp^caDy. 

Aatlar, antl&r, n. the Inanch of a stag's horn. — ad/. 
antWsd, having antiers. [Fr. andom'ller—<ad 
Fr. antoilier; perhaps from L. ante, before.] 

AatoML See AntseiaBS. 

Anns, a,'nus, n, lower orifice of die bowels. [L.] 

Anvil, an'vil, n. an iron block on which smiths 
hammer their work into shape. [A.S. at^/ilt, om 
fiU—onfiUan, to fall upon.] 

Aaxloes, angk'shus, etdj, suffering menial pressure S 
greatiy troubled. — n. aa'atounsaa— «<fv. an'jdp 
««riy. [L. afuei u s au go, to press tighUy.] See 


fiUe,lkr; mSfhte; nl&e; nOCvj aOtt; mOOa; tktn. 


trouble ofmiiid 

Ind from doubt or uncertainty. (L. 


ABTf enfni, mtf/,, 0Mg bdefinitdj {every ; wlioerer t 
^ .■B'ytkiBf^in^.^alL- 

in any way. See Wlnb m* CA.S. «M^f— «m, one.] 
AflfM, i'o-rist, IV. the aaflie of certain tcniea in the 

Greek verb which txpnu imd^/imiit time. [Gr. 

mmisUit indefinite— «, without, k^rot, limit j 
Aarta» iFec^ m^ the great aiioy that ritM ^ 

from the left ventricle of the heart, mih* ut^tii, 

aet'lla. tCr. «#ra-«rar«^ to raise vp.] 
Apaoe^ «-p&i^> Afv.> at a great /mt; awiftly. 
Ayarl^ a-pftrt' , ii^.»>«p^i«<^HN«; lepanucljt aeide. 

(Fr. a^rtS^L. /arr, >wiflfr, n pait»] 
apartmaat^ appartfoMiit^ m, n room V^crT/ a roooL 

Afathy* ap'a^tfii, iv.|«wm/ o/JMbtgi indiffiHence. 

—^. %v»fikiiiiyk. [Or. n, wanto(; /»M itf , fa e liti g.] 
Ap% ipk ». atailleiainonkeyt asQljiBitalor.— ^t 

to imitate, aa an ape { to aumic fj ^r;/. lading ; 

/tf^.l|>ar. (A.8. aAi.3 aiiih, Iptoi, <^. like 

an ape.— aAt. aiwy.-Hi. ^pliteMik 
ApitkM^ »t>e'ii*ent, a »«m ti^ ai^-tivk mdj,^ 

tfetdm^i gentlj putgative^— «. a miUi purgative. 
[L. afiiit tu, m ti § a/tr it. mftrim^ to open*] 
apertare^ ap^6r-tQr, n. an opemngi a hole^ 

ApM; I'^ieki, «., M# tummii or poinl.' ^. 
rpekM, aptoee, apl-iii. [LJ 

A pli M r i rt i ^ a-(rr»^ «. the iM^ of a letter or 
syllable fnm the b^inning ot a word. [Or. 
dyto, from, kdiftd, to oJce.] 
I^ h i lle n, a.ftli-00. ff. the p(^t of a planet* s orbit 
furthest mmay/rpm tkt am. [Gr; 4^, froB, 
^Zmt, the sun. J 

af er4ni, «. that w^iich Ut mdt or ^ 
>^ adefinitloat a short pithy sentence. [Gr. 

mphffritmet—aM^ and A^tm, a bound.) 

M tkif9rm^mHmfhormiu--mdv, aiplMrlnloally. 
ip hlh sag , aftheng, i». a letter or letters wUk^tU 

mnmi i , (Gr.d^ without, >4iitf»Vv>'>*s<'u>ML] 
Aplai;^, ft'pi4ur<4, n. a plaoe where AMvarekept [L. 

apta rhtm g/ ^r, a Dee.) 
apiacM^ Ifpi-ar4st, is., on4 «mI# imglr <m a^itay. 
Aflss% a^pW, «^, im^ittt; to each. 
Ai ssa m w» aiMk'a-lip^ »., Ms/ wlkkk tmktt iMt 

ctvtr fr^mz ntelatioa; diadosuret a name of 

the last beokef the New Testament [Gr.«^ 

frooH < M w^<^ Aa^sM to Gover.}-«4^ «Vm^ 

lyv^iK apeaalyi^tlsaL 
A f ess f % a-pok'O-p^ IS., Mr emMmg^tx omisaioa 

ofthelasilettarorsyUableofawwd. [Gr»V^f 

from, Ae^ to cut] 

\ tkkigt hiddm/ivm; 
authenticity as iaqnred wriwigs is 

not admitted. (Gr. 1^ from, A^^* to hidej^ 

«4f . apee'ryphal. 
A>e«al, a|/od^ «^., wUJk^ta/sti or ventral fins. 

[Gr. n, without, .^Mtf,/idW, a foot] 
Apogee^ a.lf<^i€, n. the point in tlie moon's orlnt 

furthest mimf/rtm tlU utrtk, [Gr. a^, from, 

gi, the earth.] 
J ^ poleg r, a^'O-Ji. w^ « ffAMAny one's self 0ut ^ 

a difficulty ; a deienoe ; excuse. [Gr. a^logia — 

a40, firom, k/fl. to speak.1 
fcpwoglss^ a-poro-JUt 9.1. to plead for or In excuse of: 

— >r.>. apoTC^rtstng : pa^. ^ofdgTsed. 
apeloHsir, a-pof&Jis^, ^elogM^ a-pof&Jiat* «•» 
' wk0 miaktt am a^ol^y; a deAlider. 

•VflSNIkL a-pol-0-letlk, aaeletellsal, a^ 
KU, ^4 exaumg; sam In defence 
f p eleg etl m, the branch of theology whu 


,._, — I branch of theology whididefe 

the Scriptures.— «fr. apsisgstlsaHy. 
iiekf*^ ap'ol-og, ft a moral i^; a fkbla. [Or. ^^ 
Uft, a tale <> », fhm, Ugm, a qwech, a tabu] 

the more correct but less usual Conn 

Ipepiexy, ap'tt-plek^ «. depttvattoiL by a sodden 
ttroktt ofsensc and thepower ofmouon. [Gr.i 
/aixi»-«>#,ft>a!M^>tostrike.}-«0^< ' 

Apsslasr, Apsslasr, a-iMe'ta-sl, «., « tttrndimrammy 
J^vm: dMertion 01 one's religion, pr i n c iples, or 
party. (Gr. m^ottatit—M/d^vnm, kuOmt, to 
make to stand, Sana, rfla.] 

s p sala H a-portat it. 4m fvUl^ ff m^^itaty; a 
renegade.^ A(^ fiuee^ traitorous, fidlen. 

aji st a tM S , a^o^ta-tli, v,L, U cvmmii i^09im€f>» 
>r.>. aposrtatising; /«.>. i^oe^tlSea. 

AposlK a-poel. It, M# Mi»/«Mn» on some ttlasioii : 
one sent to preach die gotoel [Or. «/», away, 
tttttb, to send.]— Hf. apee^MJilf, apeAelaae.— 
tuj^t, apeslotle, ^^oeieileal.-— tftft*. apasMleaQy. 

Apostrophab a-pos'tro-fl, it, « fuming mtm; a 
turning from the subject to addrem the absent 
or dead as if present; a marie (') shewinc that a 
word is contracted.^-^^/. apostesfile. [Cbr. 
hv^ki-~mp0, from, » i r iph»t to tun.] 

. appos'tro-fic, vJ* to address by apos- 
trophe.— ^.fl to make an a postr u uh e t— /r>. 
apos'trophisioff ; p4i^ apos'trophised* 

Apelfcesary, a*poth'6-ka^!, «. oris. iMt hnptr if a 
starthtmns one who is ucensed to dispense medi- 
cine and to act as a mediealpraotitiooer. VL, m^ 
Hkttm; Or. apUktkt, a storehouse a/i>, ft tMiki, 
a case to place anything in— ^'MXmn, to place.] 

Apothagst Apophlhaps, ap^o-them, n. aometfaing 
H9km 0Ht fiaimfy; a terse, pointed mying» 
tOr. m^, taAptMrngmmOt to speak plainly.] 

AjoMmiis^ ap-o-the'O-riBi n, the maUnf mmngf 
(fhm being human) Into «#si^f deification. [Gr. 
ti^tki§tU m^t away, ana Miee^ a god.] 

Appal, ap-pawf. v.t. to cause to tura/e4r or/eZftS/; 

totentfy.'-^>.appairing;Ah^.«I»^^ i^ 
PtUlf^ to be pale.] 

AppansfS^ ai/pan-iy, n., / ¥Vo Uh% t luids set apart 

ivision fior his younger sona ( 


by a prince as I*o^ 
provision for a dependent 
>ei(£r, bread.] 

Apparatat ap-pa-rft'tus, «. ddngs /x/m tn f or>r»- 
vAM; set 01 instruments or tools; furniture. (£» 
«r, to, ^mmim, prep M ed*- >tfy » , to prepare.] 

AppartI, ap-pai'el, «. the putting HJk t& Ukt; « 
suit; cbthing; dress. [Fr. m ^ tv ii > e i i r ^ 
like--Lw >«r. equal, like.] 

apparil, ap^parel, v./. to prepare, suit dress, de- 
corate :— /r/. appaKeUmg t M-/* eppet'elled. 

Apparsat^ Apparltton. See under Apptar. 

Appeal, ap-p€l', v.i, U cmU to; to bring before one s 
to adoTMs the feelings; to refer; to have re- 
course.— «;^ to call or remove^ as a cause:— /r./. 
appealing :/a./.am)ealed'. [U«|Mr^,^^^ 
laiu9~-aa. to, and obs./r/Z9, to call, to name.] 


apptOaai ap-pePant, m., pmt w^ ^h*^* , 
ajpeUats, ap-pel'ftt <n^*» rtlaimg to a^^eait* 
appeOattaa, api>«l-*'sln>n, m., a na$m. 
appsitillwsb ap-pel'a-tiv. iv., « imim# common to 
all ^ the aame kind a<^ common to many; 

ft«e,ar;tt(^MriB&M| aoiai nflia; aOOa; Men. 


lygMf, ap^CK* mJ,, t^cmmjkrth A» to m l» bt 
•Ma; to M or to become vistbls or prMoitt to 
ieem>-:/r^. ftppeai^nc ; /«.>. appearar. fL. 
^/ « iw <!< /, to.>an«»,/«rKhaNL to come fiMm.] 

■iiun i «i % ap-pCx^'aiu^ is., /Jl# «£/ ^m^^mrmgl 
the thing teea ; pcvseoce ; show. 

•ffptrMd^ ap^pS'rent, €uij^ ^^ptMrimg; that may 
be seen : visible ; «TideQt.-AMip. aMa'mllr* — m* 

iVpeiltiM, ap-iMk-nsh^iii, ic, «» ^ 
thing vistble ; a ghost ; q)ectxo. 

■ypertlw, ap-pai^t-or, i*., «<•# amU m ^f t ar t or at- 
tends : a messenger tn an coclfdashral court ; a 
besde in a untTenity. 

A fUM i^ >P1>C^* »•/• to bring ioptmttzy^ quiet :— 
yr>. apposing ;/a^. appeaaecf. [Fr. m^imr 
—id, to,/aix,L.. /ajr, peaoe.}--na<{f'. iWM^sMs 

lyHtaB^ AVPaOailoa. See ■nder Afpeal. 

, ap-poKf , 9./.* Jb Affsiroae thing 4r aao&cr ; 

tDa<ld»->r^. appeiufiag;/o^.append'«d. [L. 

jd;to,/«iM6, tohang.] (imboRfaate. 

ap-^cad^ai, M,, m meHUkg mdiM, as 

ap^>cMtnf, y.^, 4r > i i /a <ii or Jirfay <»: 

•^^^ apportain^ag; /a>. i^ipertafawd'. [L. a^ 

to, / > ! ■ /! ■»» , to beU>ojp-/«rf and lirM«»» to hokLj 

pi«rt«iBii^ ap-pun^teo-ans, iv., M«^ wlUck mf^er' 

Uhu or bdongt lo. [Fr. AjMortewnwr.] 

ap-puf'teB-ant, «v*» itri^MtfMir ^ 
V an^pe-tens, a pf ilsas y, i^pS-ten^, n,, « 
j^lfltr; eenwinl dewro. [L. m ^tmtim 
mJ, t^/tU, to seek.] 

^pe4ll, IV. natiihd desirs 

AHlMi, api>Iawd', v.<. to praise br clapfimg tiio 
hands; to laud; to praise loudly ^->r. A ap* 
pUndlng; /«.>. applaud'ed. [L. a^Uum—tut^ 
XSK /Anwv, ^immnut to dap.] 

svflMs^ applaws', iv.,j^nsMr expressed Ay clappbig 
the hands; approbation. 

■ I i f lim i ii , ap*plawzlT, €U^,t C0mUdmng applmMM, 

Aypli, ap'pl, «i. the fruit of the apple-tree ; the 
papa of the eye. [A.&«^] 

Ifply, ap-plf, v.U, to fold nponi to lay: to em- 
ploy ; to derote : to fix the mind on. — v.i, to suit : 
to solicit ; to make request >-pr^ appl/ins • 
AlA applied', [old Fr. Mter; L. •/flico— 
ad, to, /lic0, pUeaimm. to fold.] 

Sfvllahls, ap-plTarbl <m&., iktU m^vhtMud, 

■ipMsns^ aptdTans, n^ meiffm^yimgi the thing 

•ppUnbl^ ap'pfi-kapbU «C^., iktU m^bem^^itd; 

suitable.-*^. ap'pllsaMy.— «. afvHesMnty. 
BVpOeaat^ ap'pli-kant, n., ont who t^^plus, 
''»**'«lls% ap-pU-k&'shun, n,^tktmci ^m^Ms^img: 
thing applied : dose study or attention. 
M^ apiwint', vil to bring iSra/0M/; to fix; 

to settle ato equips [old Fr. m ^imttr !» adj 

to^/iMcfaMi^ a point.] 
•VpoiatmaBli, i^point'ment, m.i met qfa^mting: 

settlement; situation: decree; order:— in ^L 

AfiofVim, appOi'shuti, v.A, U fortion out to: to 

divide ana custribute in just shares. [!» md, t(^ 

and Porttaa.]— IV. sfper'ttoaaeat. 
iijM tt i^ ap'^pO^t, m4j,^ptd tot adapted or appli- 
cable to : soitabU [i».—mdt to, pomo, /Mttm, 

to place.]— ei fa . ap'yosllsly.— «. sp^ 

, ap-pa;dsyon, n., tJkt mH^md^^tjUl 

the statOM being plaoMl together or against; in 
gnwe., the placing iQgether of two nouns, flee of 
whidi oxplains the otEsr. 

liitsls% ap^pri^, v,t. to set « prko on, to vnloa 
—with a view to sale ^-^^ anpraislng ; Pf^^^ 
i^ipraisev* L'** ^fffoctoi^ I4. m^ io,^FVfsew^ 
|)nce.]-H«. apfralsviMet 

appraiser, ap'prls'te, iv., omo who mpprmiaot, 

AppreelaH ap-ffCsld-At, v./. to set a >ribr «■, to 
value, to estimate just^^-used figuratively ^— 
>r./. apprCciftting ; M^* appredlted. — is. 
appiedaliiBe. [Fr. a p} rtc it r^\^ ad, to, ifrv> 
/nwM, price.] See Appralsa. 

awiiiatV ap-ptCshi-a-bL mdf^t thai wtaj ht 
apprtciaUd.—mdo, ajyinilsl^y. 

ap-pre.hend', vM^aSuto h^ koU ^ 
{with tlie hm m d\ s o in 27. ; to seise ; to catch the 
Meaning of ; to understand : to fear:— >r>. i^ 
prehen^ing;^>.apprehend'ed. Ws^m Hfih mdo 

spjisfcsaslMs, ap-pr«-hen'si-bl, mdj., tkmt may bo 

apprehension, ap-pr€-hen'shun, n.<, act ^ aPPrO' 
koMdi$t£: seisnre : coooeptioa : fear. 

apprthsadve, ap-pr6>hen'siv, adj. fearful ; sus|^« 
aa^^adv, affnlMn^irivaly.— is. appralMe'slveeesB. 

Ipprsatloe, ap-pren'tis, is. lit. « loa r mer; ono bound 
to aeotber, to learn a trade or ait.— v.A to bind 
as an umreutioe :— >r.>w amren'ticiag ; pa.p, 
appcen'Md.-is. apfrse'tlessMp. [YuaUrontt, 
a leanier^-^>f»si6v, to isam; L. apprtkomdo.\ 
See Ipprshead. 

Ipprlss^ ap-prU| v./. to cause to apprtkondi to 
instruct; to inform:—^./, apprising; >a.>. 
apprbed'. [Fr. apfrU—apprtndrt, to learn, to 
instruct ; Lb apprthomdo.} See MwnhimBL, 

Apprtafll^ ap-prOch', v.t., to draw near to; to rt' 
semble.— v.sL to draw near:-y^. approach'- 
ing ; pa.p, iqmroached'.— m. a drawing near to ; 
access ; a pata or avenue.— «^'. apBroaeh'aMe. 
[Fr. approckor; Prov. appropjar; low L. ap^ 
propiart—Vt. ad, to, propo, near.] 

Anrebatlee. See under Appcova. 

Ajpssprlsls, ap-prCpri-it, v>/. to take to omd* ttlf 
a* oad* owm preftri^i to set apart for a pUF> 
pose >-pr.p, appcvpnAdng ; >•/. apprO'prilted. 
—M^. peculiar; suitable.-^«i^ appre^tiaMy. 
[Fr. a p p9X(prkr-\^ ad^ tj^ptvprim, one's own.] 
awu p t Ja t e a ss ^ ap-prO'|>n4IUies, is., o mitaUm m t , 
apftoprlatloe, ap-prO-pn-A'shtm, «., act ^ a p p tx p ti 
atm£: application to a particular purpose. 

AfiNfSb ap-prinV, v./. lit. top$ii U tkoproff,io 
provo-oa in B.i to proeounc e good; to com- 
mend; to be pkasaed with:— ^.>. approving; 
pa^, approved'.— Wip. a p f re v l ng t r-^My. ap- 
frev'aMoL [F^. a p p f^u oo r ; L. a ppn tko a d, to, 

approval, a^rSlvH »PP^i«"»i »p-pra-bft'shun, 
IS., act 0/ approving; commendauon ; sanction. 

approvea, ap-prov'n, old/*./, of Approve. 

ApproxlBUle, ap-prok'si-m&t, adj.^ m proximity 
to; nearest or next to. — v./. to bring near to.— > 
v.i, to come near to; to appnMich ^->r j». 
approi^imftting ; P^'p* apprortmftted .— o/v. 
appm^tbeately. [L. ad, to, p ro^ xi m m t, nearest, 
ncxt-/n?^, near.] ^ .^ ^ , 

approxissatlai, ap-prok-«-mft shun, n,, a drawng 
near to; an app!roach. 


ftta^ftr; Bsf^hte; mXna; aOCt; sQltj 






Ayriool, rpriJtot, H. lit M# #»H5r W>#; a waft- 
fruit of the plum kind, (formcrty tpcUcd «/«- 
cock^Fr. abruot; L. {malum) pntcox, early 
ripe (apple)-^nt*, before, («7*'', lo ripen.] 

Aptll, ft'pril, n. the fourth month of the year, when 
the earth »petu to bring forth fruits, &c [L. 
A^riHs—^feriUSf from aperio, to open.] 

Apna, &'pron, »., a cloth or leather worn before to 
protect the dress, [probably from old Fr. iw/r- 
rvM — MtA, a doth.] 

Apropos, ap'rO-pO, adv., U tkgpurpoui seasonably ; 
in reference to. [Fr. «, to, fropM^ purpose.] 

Apoo, aps, n, an arched recess at the east end of 
the (moir of an Anglo-Saxon church. [I<. a/sis: 
Gr. ha/sis, an arch, a vault.] 

ftpds, ap^is, »., the curoaiurt or turning-point of a 
planet's orbit ; the point at which the planet is at 
Its greatest or least distance from the sun or the 
eatth.-^. apsldM, ap'si-dCz, apsso, ap'sCs. [Gr. 
ha/tit, a curved (orm—ha/tf, to connect] 

Aptk apt, adj., joifud oxfitUd; fit : liable ; inclined 
to: ready: quick.— «^. a^kty* (L. a>/itf, fit; 
C^. haptd, to join.] 

■ptttado, aprti-tOd, s p l n sM , apC'nes. «., fiinetti 
tendency: readiness. 

Aplonl. ap't^al, adj., without wingi, [Gr. a, 
without, Ptera, wings.] 

•plory^ ap't^-iks, is. a genus of birds found fai 
New Zttland with short rudimtmU* of wings and 
without a taiL [Gr. a, without, pttryx, a wing.] 

''*J!5'^t ti'W-trar.i, adj. depending on the will; 
r^Potic; absohite.— «M/tr. ai^bttrarlly.— «. v^U- 

Seetmder Apl 

AptoK ap^tOt, n. a noun without casts. [Gr. «. 

without, ptdsiSf a falling, a cajut—fiptd, to falL] 
Afoafortlfl, ak'wa-for'tis, n. lit sirottg water; nitric 

add. [L. a^uOf ynxcct/rrtis, strongj ^ 
afiartaai, a-kwl^n-um, n, a tank or artindal pood 

for twiSfr plants and animals. [L. — o^wa, water.] 
A^aartM^ a-kwft'ri-us, n., the water^arer; a agn 

m the zodiac 
aqaatle, a-kwat'ilc, adj.,pertaituMg to water; living 

or growing in water.— m.>/L avutteo, Iks, amuse- 
ments on the water, as boating &c. 
aqaodnet, ak'w€-dukt, n. an artificial channel.^ 

coMveying water, lL,afua,waX/a,dttco, ductus, 

to leskd, convey.] 
atMovs, Ilcwi-us, adf't watery: made by water. 

AfsllfeM. ak'wi'liiK or -iTn, adj.. i^fthe eagle ; hooked 
like the beak of an eagle. [L. aquilinus-^aquilaf 
an eagle— root ac, sharp.] 

Arak^ ar'ab, n. a native ot Arabia, 

Arabssqaob ar'a-besk, adj. after the manner of 
AraiiaH architecture.— m. a jpainted or sculp- 
tured ornament consisting of imaginary foliage 
ftc. without animals. [Fr.1 

Ai^ilaa, a-rftln-an, AnMo^ ar'ab-ik, adj., belengmg 
to Arabia, 

Anbio, ar'a-bl, mO'., fitjbr floughinf or tillage. 
[L. arabUts, from aro, to plough ; Gr. aro-d."] 

Aramale, ar-a-mAlk, Aramoaa, ar-a-raCan, odO'- per^ 
taining to ihe Syrians and Chaldeans. {Aram, 
a son of Shem.] 

Aitltar, &i^t-^, n, lit one who goes to something 
in order to see or hear it ; a person chosen by 
parties in controversy to dedde between them ; 
an uncontrollable ju(ige ; an umpire.— 3^'M. ar^- 
trtos. [L. arbiter, a q>ectator, Judge— «r= o^, 
to, bitOt to go.] 

artitramoat, ftr-Ut'ra-ment, n,, the decisiott of oh 
arbiter; determination ; dioice. 

•«***«*••, AtOu-tifU, r.f., to act as an arbiter; t» 
P^ judgment— v./. to dedde ; to determine :— > 
pr.p. u'bitrauing:/a./. ai^trited. [L. arbi" 
tror, arbitratus— arbiter.] 

aiMtratlea, ftr-bi-trS'shun, a., the act o/arbitrai-' 
tag; the determination of a controversy by ooe 
or more persons chosen for the purpose. 

aitllrator, fti^-trflt-or, «., otte who itrbitraies; A 
judge ; an arlMter.— ^Qwr. ai^bUratilx. 

Alter, S/bor, «. lit a tree: the principal 
which communicates motion to the other 
of a machine. [L. arbor, a tree.] 

azbocooei^ ftr-bo're-us, aitoraos, fli^W-us, a4j. bo- 
longing to trees. fL. arborn/s— arbor.] 

aitorwooal^ ir-bor-es'ent, a^O'-, growing or formed 
lihe a tree. — m. aitorn'oMoo. [L. a r bo r e s oe m s. } 

aibontm, ftr-bor-S'tum, n. a place in which speca- 
mens of trees and shrubs are cultivated. fL.] 

ariMcloatlu% ftr-bor>i-kul'tar, «., the culture tgf 
/tmv and shrubs.— tf^'^aitoiloofteral. W^arbor^ 
arboris, and oatfearo. j [/wcr atboricultmem* 

arborieattarlBl,ftr-b(^i-kul'tQr>ut, m., one whoprme^ 

Arbov, AKbur, is. orig. a place for the culiivatioa 
of herbs; an endcied seat in a garden cov e red 
with branches, &c. ; a bower, [old £. herbere.1 

Artvfeas, ftr-bO'tus, «• the strawberrv-tree, a genus 
of heath, having a berry like the strawberrjr. 
[L., akin to arbor, tree.] 

Ara ftfk, IS., OM orcA ; a segment or part of a cirdeu 

[L. tuvus, a bow.] 
araa4% ftr-kid', n, a walk or street arched over. 

[Fr.— L. arcus,] 

Arcadian, ar-kA'di-an, adj. relating to Arcadia, a 
district in Greece ; pastoral ; rural. 

Aroaaa, Aroaaam. See under Ark. 

Arok, ftrch, n., an arc : a part of a circle or c ur v e ; A 
concave or structure of stone or brick, supported 
by its own curve. — v.t. to cover with an arch ',— 
pr.p. arch'ing ; >«.>. arched'. [L. arcus, a bow.] 

Ardk, Arch, a<^. cunning, as a n;f»r; sly: waggish; 
mirthful; urewd. [A.S. arg, earg, bad, idle; 
Ger. arg, bad, crafty ; Gr. argts, idle, slow.] — 
adv, ardoy. — n, arohlaaaB. 

Ardi, ftrch (irk, before a vowel), adj., chi^; prm- 
diiaL (used mostly as a prdGx.; [Gr. archa*, 
chief— «fr4^, beginning, nue.] 

ArAaology, ftr-k6-ol'o-ji. n., a discourse on ancient 
things: the sdeoce of antiquities. [Gr. «frAa«ar, 
andent— anvl/, b^inning, legos, discourse.)— 
a^'. aiohaotog ^lca l. adv. areluMkigleaUy. 

awliaokulit, ar-ke-ol'o-jist, n,, a student ^archeg- 

Ankale, Or-kllk, euli,, ancient ; obsolete. [Gr. 

arvAai^bu'-^a^'*', beginning.] 
•zdudsn, fti'ka-inn, n. an obsolete word or phnueu 
ArclhaafoL irk-fln^d. n., a chi^f angel; an angel 

of the highest order.— i><f'. arehaafsHa [Are^ 

chief, and AaftL] 
ArohUshop, &rch-bish'op, n., a chief bishf; the 

ludiop of a province as well as of his own diocese. 

[Arch, chief, and Bishop.}-^ ardiMsh'opric, the 

jurisdiction, place, or province of an archbishop. 
vnlUagltcvfMj, firic-i-€'pisrk&-pa-si, n., the 

state, dignity, and office of an archbishop.—ae^'' 
anktoplroopal, ^an arcnbishop, 

ftrch-ddcn, n,, a chief deacon .* an eccle- 

fkCe,fftr; me, h«r; mine; mOte; m(U«; mOOn; thtn. 


nttt in nak below a Usliop. [Ai^ 

junaibctioo, or residence a/^ am arckiUeu:on,—n, 
■nMH'nmriily, Mr ^^^ e/" <»*> archdeacon, — 
m4i, ■ irM i H t fiwiil , Sr-ld-di-ak'on-al, of anarch- 

. irdi-dCkk', «., « chief duke I a prince of 

Aitstruu— ^M. ar^te^MK. (Azclt, cnief, and 
Bafts.}— «<(r. ankda'eaL— fltf. arehdaeh>, ar^> 
arika'dm. /Jl# territory ^ an archduke or ardi- 

Mter,lrch'te, who shoots axtows from an arch 
or bow.-yS>OT. ank'afaai. [Fr. ; L. arcue^ a bow.] 

rdiHjv flrdi'ir-i, »., the art or fncdct^anarcker. 

Mha^yy^ SiOce-tlp, «., iAr ori^^inal type; the ori- 
g:inal model (rom which a thug is madr a<{j. 
anketypTaL [Gr. «na*/, original, tyfos, a type.] 


r, AxailavlaeevaL SeelithMAop. 
_ _•, Ir-ld-pefargO, «., the chief tea of the 
Gredcs, or Mr jSgean Sea; a sea abounding in 
small islands. [Gr. arches, chief, or a comipttoo 
otAigaies, JBgcMO, ^adpelagw, sea.] 

Arckttsai; irld-tekt, «.. the ehi^bmider; one who 
deainaboldings and superintends their erection ; 
a maker. [Gr. arch^t chief, tektdn, a Imilder.] 

BrAttaelB% Sr1d-«ek-tar, n,, tJuart or science </ 
fosZ^Swir^^^frame ; structure : woricmanship.— a^. 

trm^f abeam.] 
Afchlva^ Sr^clTX, «./£ the place in which the re- 
cords <tf a magistrates court were or are kept ; 
public records. [Fr. ; Gr. artheien—arcki, rule.] 
MnMa, lik'tik, adj. relating to the consteUation, the 
Gmt Bear, or to thenonh. [Gr. arktos, a bear.] 
ir'dent, adj,^burm>^; fiery; rassionate. 
tr. ai^daatlly. [L. arden i ar deo, to bum.] 
/• fir'dc»-sif ardavr, Si'dor, n* wannUi of paa- 
non or feefing; eagemesa. 

hx^suma, Ai^dO-us, a4j. lit. high; difficult toaccom- 
^ish; laboriotts.—W«r. artmemMtf. — m, ai^dao«a> 
■aas. [L. ardtms, steep.] 

Mx% Stx, the plural of the present indicative of the 
verb te he. [Dan. «r.] 

AiMk flfre-a, ». orig. a place where com was dried; 
any plain surface or enclosed space ; the sunken 
qiace around the basement ot a building; the 
superficial con t ents of any figure. [L. pxob. 
from area, to be dry.] 

AnCutlaa, ar-^fak'shun, n^ thg act tf dryvtgi 
state of growing dry. [i<. arefacie, to make 
dry— «fw, to be ^vj^f ado, factum, to make.] 

Atchw anrCna, «. lit. samd; an open space strewed 
with sand lor combatants; any place of public 
contest [L. etrena, taxA—areo, to be dry.] 

armi w o w B, ar^na'she>ua^ a4j.t seutdy, 

AffMpaci% ar-C-op'a-gus, n,, Mar^ hill, on which 
the supreme court of ancient Athens was held ; 
the court itself. [Gr. Aris, Mars, pag»s, a hilL] 

araopactta, ar-e-op'apjTt, «., a member ^theAreof- 

hxtfoX, a/|ent, Arfsntfae, Sr^ent-in, or -In, adj. like 

silver. \\*.argentitm,v^stx^Qtt.argos,\m.f^t.\ 

AflDlMaow, fir-jil-U'shus, adt., clayey, [L. ar- 

giUa., white day, Gr. argiUet arg os, white.] 
higpaaoA, Si^gO-nawt, n.,on4 of those tukesailed'm 

Okb ship Afg9 m search of the golden fleece. 
[Gr. Argd, and natttis, a sailor.] 

aigMj, fti'go-si, n. a merchant vessel richly hulen. 

Axgi^ SafgOi, v.t. lit to makeclear; to prove or per- 
suade by reasoning ; to discuss.— v. «. to offer rea- 
sons; to dispute:-^./. at'gQing; /«.>. ai^gOed. 
[L. argue, prob. from Gr. argOs, dear.] 

acguMB^ firf^-ment, m. a reason offered as proof; 
a series of reasons: a discussion : subject of a 
discourse. [L. argttment nm a rgue, to prove.] 

aifUMBtatlai^ fir-go-ment-t'shnn, m. the process or 
act of reasoning. 

Uf«B«tattva, ftr^O-ment'a-ttT, a4/., consisting of 
or addicted to ayjfMMM/.- 

Aigva* fti^gu^ n. a iabubus being said to have had 
a hundred eyes; any very watchful person. [Gr. 
— orgos, bright.] 

Axlaa, S^ri-an, adj. pertaining to Artua of Alex- 
andria (4th century}, who denied the divinity of 
Chnst.— «. one of the sect of Arius ; a Unitanan. 

AflaaJsBi, I'ri-an-ism, n, the doctrines of the Axians ; 

Atli, ai^d, a4J., dry; parched. [L. aridus, dry^ 

areo, to be diy.] 
•ridtij. arwidl-ti, aridaaait ai^-nea, n,, drynoss, 
Arias^ rri-€x, m, the Ram, the first of the twelw 

Signs of the sodiac [L.] 
AzlgM^ a-nt'. adv., in a right way; rii^tly. [A,S. 

a, va, rtht, right] 
Aila^ a-rts^ v.i., to riseu^; to come into view ; to 

proceed from :—pr./. uftdiag ; /a./, aris'en ; /«./. 

arose'. IA.S. arisan.] Set Km, 
Arlstaialiy. ai^is-tftr-ki, n., government hyihe iest 

men; a body of good men in power. [Gr.aristos, 

best, archi, government] 
AiMeaaey, ar-is-tok'ra-si, n., government by tho 

iest-bom, the nobles; the nobility or chief 

persons of a state. [Gr. aristos, htst, hratos, 

strength, government.] 
•ristoeralk aPis-to-krat, or ar-is'to-krat, n., onowha 

belongs to or favours an aristocracy, 
uMoeratUL ar^ia-to-krat^ arlaloeralkal, ar-is-to- 

kratTik-al, adj., belonging to the aristocracy.^ 

M9. arlsteoratleally. 

Ar l rt n la lta^ ar-ia-to-tdi-an, adj., relating to Arts-' 

totle, a Greek p hilosopher, or to his philosophy. 
A fitt ma t K a-rith'me-tik, ». the art of numbering; 

the sdence of numben. [Gr. «nMMr«r, number.] 
artttuMtleal, ar-ith-metl-kal, ao(/., <if Qs by arith* 

metic.—adv, uMtauiiinaStr. 
ailthaMyda% ar4th-me-tish^ n., one skilled in 


Ilk, ftrk, n., achest or box; a laxve floating vessel 
[A.S. arc or earc; L. area, a chest] 

areaama, fir-Jcft'num, n. sometning enclose sa in an 
ark; a secret ; generally used m the>il ai«a'a% 
secrets, mysteries. [L. atns.] 

Am, Srm, n., lit a Joint; the limb extending from 
the shoulder to the hand: anything projecting 
from a main body, as an inlet of the sea : fig., 
VOwtr.\A.S. arm, earm; L.armus, theshouloer 
jouit ; Or. harmos. a joint— ay«, to join to.]— «• 
vna'ts\.—adj. ana'tess. 

amlatk Armlet, ». lit a Uttle arm; a bracdet 

ampHk Arm'pit, n. the /iV or hoUow under the anw. 

Anaa, imu, n.fL weapons of offence or defences 
war : armonal ensigns. [L. arma; GaeL arm, 
a weap<mr— prob. derived from the human arm\ 

exm, inn, v.t., to furnish or equip tuith arms', to 

fftte»fSUr; m^hto; mlac; mOta; mOte; mOOn; Man. 



nroHde tgalmt— 4^.£ to take tnni >-ir^» ann^' 

Ing; /«^. annedf. [L. «rM#, to ttm.] 
amaaa, iMnTda, w, > fleet of T WMi rf M^, tSp.; 

It mrmmin: L. «rm«.] 
mwUHK ftr-attpdiKa, i*. ft small mndrqped of S. 

America «nv«/ witk ft bonj ibell. [Sp.— Lw 

awn ■ wit tKma>ment, it. forcea m ti m td or equipped 

for war{ iIm funs, ft& with which a ahip is 

armed. [L. mrmamimim — «im«.] 
aimlatla% ii^mis-tis. m. a short * i » /p ii£* otmrms er 

hostilities fay mutual agreement [rr. tfnmrilKtr 

— L. tfTMM, and t^U, to stop.] 
aimear, Im'or, n, defensiTe mrm* er dress, 
armorial, ftr-mO'ri-ah a^\, BelMging' to tirmour er 

to the arms of a mmify. 
ansomnr, armswr, irm'er^r, iv., « m nktr ^or one 

who has the charge oi armour* 
vnamrf, tman, irm'oM, n, the place bi which 

<www are made or kq>t 
amy, Ai'mi, m. a large hody of men armod for 

war : a vast numher. [Fr. artmios It at m u im ; 

, iMnCni-aa, «4^. belonging to AtmtwJM, 
, ftr>min'yan| a^'. belonging to i^nw^hi^, 
ft Dutdh divine, who denied the doctrine of pr^ 
destination, and advocated the doctrines of ne^ 
will and untvenal redempdoB.<—«k one idio holds 
the doctrines of Arminina. 

AmJalanlsm, ftr-min'yan-ism, u, the doctrines of 
the Axmimana. 

Amstl^ Iiwnoi^ miff, bslongbg to Brittany in 
the N*W. of France, formerfy called 

[Celt or, on, near, tmor, the aoaj 

Avema^ a-rO'ma, is., nmoi umoU; the odoNOipite- 
dple in plants. TGr.] 

ar s m a t la , ar-O-mat^ 4u(/,, twooi HottUd; i^^'BJh'^ 
«. a Iragrant plant or drug; a perfume. 

aiiimsflsi. a-rO'ma-tIs, vJ,, Jo remUr mnmmik ; to 
pof ume '.—fr^ arO'maOsing ; /e^ arO^natlsed. 

Afesi^ euros', did aria»-i>ast tense of Ariss^ 

Areend, a-rnuMf, #n^, tommd; en all sidea of. — 
«^. on every stde; In a circle, [tf, on, and I s anA ] 

Areiss, apioas. fiame as lenssb 

ArfastNuc^ Amsbesa iKkwi-biis, sometimes Bfti'- 
tas b es, is. it « kmkod pm: an old-&shioned 
hand-guD. [Rr. ; It mrdUhsoo} old ft. hmrfuo' 
iiMr; l>utch. kmck hmto; Oer. kah e mtM f i ^ 
ibMoi, ft hooK, ^atsr or iMc koo, ft firearm.] 

Aitaifc, aKak, n, in eastern co u ntries the name of 
any ardent spirit. eq>edally that distilled from 
the coooa-oot palms, or rice. [Hind.] 

ArralffB, ar-rftn^ v./. to call one to actomtt, or to 
give rtmooma for his conduct ; to set a prisoner at 
the bar; to aocnse }— >r./. .arraigning; /a./, 
arraigned', (old F^. mrrmigmor, a nwm m om 
low H mrmtioman md, te^ wm t iom o t, account, 
reasons.]— «. amliP^Bsnt. 

^rm-ri ar-tli^, *./., io rtmgt or set In ft ramk 
er row; to pi^ In proper Older; to prepare >- 
KftirinruiKl/«iA«n*ng«<i'- [Rr. «rr«ratfifr, 
^1 ' i way , a rank or row.] 
. ftp-rii^ment, iv., met o/ mnrntigimgl 
settlement; dassificadon. 
Arrant ai'nnt, mdj,, voiy had; notorioos. [A.S. 

and Oer. mirg^ bad.] See Ar^ conning. 
kjna, a/raa. is. tape^. \Apra$, fai the north of< 

France, whera it was first manufiictmed.] 
Airay, aiH^K, v./.. U got romtfy; to put in order; 
I ; to drass ; to adora >-^^. arraying ; 



y4^. timed'.— M. order ; drett ; show. [It ( 
««nr • old FV. arroyor, arHor, to set m order.] 

AJ^Jtof, tr-rCr'^ «,, in tko rear; that which is at the 
each or behmd: that which remains unpaid nfler 
It is dueHused mostly in>^) TFr. arrUro^ be- 
hind— L. ad, to, retrOt back, bdiind.] 

Azrsst ar-restf, vX to bring to rest ce to a etaetd' 
etill; to stop ; to seise :-^^^. arresting; /a,/. 
arrest'ed.— «. stoppage; hinderanoe; seuure by 
warrant [F^. art4toriKn arretter; It mrrestmre 
— L. ad, to, reeto, to stand stilL] See lasl. 

Anlv% ar-rTv', v.i to oome to tie ianJk or shore ; 
to reach i-^^» arrt/ing ; ^.>. arrived'. [Fr. 
arrhfrt\ to arrive: It arrsvarei low I^ aari- 
/aro^L. ad, to, r|^ a bank.] 

aniva], ar-iVal. n., the act ^ arrMng mi or 
coming to a puce : persons or things that arrive. 

A rr egs t ^ ar'rO-gtt, v.t, to lay claim to as one's 
own; to claim proudly or unduly ; to assumes— 
>r.>. a/rOglting; /e^. ar'rteftted. [L. arrogo 
md , to, rogo, ro^etme, to asl^ to dahn.] 

anegaat^ arri^gant, adf-t daimmg too mmeJk ; as- 
suming; overbearing; proud, adv, aiVapally. 
—H. a rt ep iB i i n B^ ai^rofsnaj. 

anegsllsn, ar^iO-pt'shan, is., act ^ m/rrogmHtigt 
undue assumption. 

Anew, ai^, iv. a straii^t, pointed weapon, made 

to be shot from a bow. fXS. arowe.j 
anewy, ar'rO-i, ad/,, ^or like arrowe. 

Anewras^ ar^rOOt, n, a starch obtained from 

the roots of certain nlants growing dUeflv in W. 

Indies, and used as rood for mvalios and coildren. 

[ons, the Indian name of the plant] 
AfSiasl, Ar'sC-nal, n. a public magarine or manu- 

foctoij of naval and military stores. [Ft. nnd 

Sp. ; It artenale, araa$uu ft dockyard ; Ar. ddr 

paamk, house of industry.] 
AimH Ai'sen-ik, n, a etromg mineral poison ; ft 

soft, brittle, gray-coloored metaL [Or. etroeui' 

ken m r» 9m, mascnUn^ Strang.] 
aisMilml, Ir^enl-kal, 4M^. />/t(tconiaiHi>tgaireeHk» 

Arson. Ir^son, n, the crime of htmmg houses, Ac. 
[old F^. ar oo m L. ardeo, mrsum, to born.] 

Arl, irt, sd pers. sing, of the present tense of die 
ytxbtohe, [A.S. rorf.] 

Artk irt, n, lit skill mj'omitqr or workin g; practi- 
cal sluU guided by rules : the rules and method 
of doing a thing wdl : a profession or trade ; 
skill; contrivance; cunning. [L. art, artio-^ 
prob. from ar, the root of Gr. ard, to fit.] 

artfftl, flrt'fool. adf../Hll of art; performed with 
art ; artificial : skiuul : cunning; oeceitfuL' adp^ 
vs^teOr.—M, ar«'MB«ah 

arMles, Irtl-fls, n. a contrivance made with art or 
skill : a trick. [L. art, artis^ •nA/ecio, to make.] 

aHliow^ Ir-tif1s<4r. n., one wko makes ky art; n 
contriver ; a woreman. 

aitlisial, Irt-i-flsh'yal, a4f.,made hmrt;n^ nat- 
tiral ; cultivnted ; foigned.— «ifr. artlielally. 

vmomr, ir4ir«f4, «. offensivn weapons of war 
mmrf s h tt^t chieflv cannon, mortars, ftc. with 
thdr appendages : the men who manage them : 
gunnery. [IV. mrtillerie—elld Ft. mrtiOor, to 
make byart, tomakeweapons— L.«fy,af^,Mt.] 

aiMsaa, ftrtl-san^ , Mi# «Ii//m£ ^ My or^ or trade a 
a woricman. [Fir. artisan^ from H are.] 

artlsl, irtlst, n^ one skilled m an art,emtaaXty{n 
one of the fine art^ as painting^ souptore, or 
architecture. [Ft. artiste, from X. art.\ 

artislle, ir-tistik, arllstlsa], Ir4lst1k-a], mff. 

itte,-arf Bl^Mri nite} mOte;Biflto; otfXin; Men. 



to in tttiti) accord hn to 

J jbtles, mtff,, triikaui mH; nitlumt fraud ; 

MMMkttt • ■Iii-r-iiim __^Wb ■■fc'la^lM m AvM^^B^M. 
gmpM ; hBOCIV. MOV. HVWH«F> ••• ••wl^^»^» 

Avin. Si'tirJ, it. lit. iktairhttfer (It bdng for- 
naty befieved that the arteriei contained mir) i a 
tabe which coQTeys tha blood from the heart to 
aU parts of the body. [Gr. araru^—iOr, air, 
Orti, to kea>.1 

•rtirtal, ir4eVi-al, mt^, tiatHihMaritrU*. 

MtnteHw, Ir^fri-al-Iz. v./., U nutkt arUriml; to 
oomnumicate the quoUitles of arterial blood. 

IHerfM, tr-te'xi-an, Ajr . applied to wells made \rr 
borins into the earth until water is found. 
[w4HMr, fak the north of Fiance, where these 
weDs axa said to hare been first made.] 
AHkiskik i/ti-chOk, n, an esculent plant resem- 
bling a thistle, but with laif« scaly heads, like 
the cone of the piao. [IV. mrtkkmmi^Ax. «mtt* 
tcktmki, tlie eartb-thern : or a comiptioa of It. 
tmrd^, Sp. mlcmeM^/m^-Ax. ml^kmntku/a.} 
Aillrii^ li^U, n^ • mmattjwHi, or part; a partl- 
cnlsr substance ; a single clause, term, or item} 
in gmm., a part of speech, am ve m, and M#. 
(L. mUc mim ^ m rt us, a joint— Gr. »rt, to fit.! 
mMiK ii'tMEl v.<. to draw up or bind h rnrhcm. 

-«.i. to stipdate s-^/. and Af^*'- articled. 

srtMar, ftM&'^lar, m4f., heknging to iktJnmU, 

wtkUalab Sr-tiVO-Ut, adj.. jpmbdf distinct: 

desr^a^. artto^latdj.)--^./., U Jnmi; to 

fonn into distinct soowM, syUabk^ or words i to 

speelcw-ir.i to neak distmctly :--:#r^. aitifa- 

tftinf } MA artic'QlIted. tU mrtt^mU, »H$a»- 

Uhtt, to utter distinctly, from mrHtulm,'\ 

•rtMMlM, IMilcO-Wshun, is., a j(nmmg, at of 

the bones: distinct utterance : a consonant. 
Azilto, Utttesr. JMiaslal. ArtUl«y. Aftiaan, AHts^ 

4itlsm, ftc. Bee under Jkrl 
An«L rii-aa. m4^. ralatiag to the Indo-Susopaan 

nuBUy of nation^ or to their language, 
M a>> «^-7 «^^^ «^>' li^* similarly: in re- 
qwct of; ior eaample ; whDe.— <i#V- » «>• ••«»« 
cr like manner: that. (alsousedasarel.pvon.) 
[A.S.««^94«»,oklE.«/:r,a]so; Ger.«] 
iMhilHs. a»«*at1d-a, m, a medidnal gum, made 
from the juice of an East Indian plant, and 
wUek has an ^Mvt twuU, [Per. a$m, vad 
ls.JmiidmBt having a bad smeU.] 
AAMloit as-bea^toa, Adtimibu, as-bea'tu^ ft., M^ 
timetMt by fin t n incgmbustibU fibrous 
minciaL [dr. «, without, j^«m, ezttngni;^ 
tbiumumi, to quench, to destroy.] [bqstible. 
srtwMn, as-bei^tln, m4f, of or tit* Mlailar; inoomp 

AsMad, ascend', 9.#., A» iUmh.-v.i, to rise ; to go 
from a lower to a higher degree : to go backward 
in the order of time }-/r^ asoendlng: /••A 
aseend'ed. [U «mmh&. from oif, to, mmA, to 
dimb : Sans, iktmd, to leap upwards.] 

mmina\ as-send'ant, adj, superior ; abova the 
borixon. — «. superiority ; an ancestor. 

tsMB4«Bcy, as-send'en-si, it. influence; power. 

saimiii, as^enTshun, »., met ^mtomdimi; a rising 
or going up.— Aso*'tli»4sf , the jMval held on 
Holy-'nmradayjten days belbre Whitsunday) to 
commemorate Ouist's mHm$i0M to heaTen. 

aaaentf, it., ttd ^foMiudingl a height 
MMiya, as-sto-tin', v./., U makt ctrUUm} to de- 
termine ; to obtain cer^in knowledse of i— /M* 
ascertain^g;>s./. ascertainedf. [L. mT, to, Fr. 
ctrtam, L. €€rha, certahi.]-HU^. assotola'aMe. 

. aMeilk, la one who tjnreim undue rigooi 
and self-denial in religiotu matteiv : a herauL— > 
m4f, aaosssively rigid in religiouf eaercistB} 
rechisa. [Or. mstfUn, one that uses exercises— 
iu/t09, to exercise.><Ht. atostlolsm Ci-sism). 

IsoU, a'shi-T, Asilan^ ashSrans, «. p«>ple wiik0Hi 
»M0m, as those in the torrki fooe, who, at 
certain seasons of the year, have no shadow at 
noon, from the aon being right over their heads. 
[Gr. 0tki0 9 m, without. 9ma, a shadow.] 

AsiMUtoas, as.«i-tish'us, miU*, mddtd or mummd: 
additkmal: supplemental, [low L. mKitiUm, 
from atcitcff, aieitatt, to take to or assuraa.] 

AtoOih as-krlV, v.#. lit U add U m wriHitgt to 
write to the account of; to atiributa, iaaputa, or 
assign Xoi—^./, ascrlVingi >aA ascribed'. 
[U <Mf, to, 4»iMr, to writoJ . „ . 

aseribaUe, aa-krlVapbl. wU-, U4U majt U mtcrikd. 

asoiipliea, as-kripi'shun. «.« metiifattvikmf. 

Ash, ash. It. a large hardv tree, valuable for its tlai^ 
ber. [A.S.tfMfJ-Hh^f.artt.ask'ta.QforUkeash. 

Artiaiit. a.shimd\ m4j> afiected by dmm. [A.S. 
gMtmmumM^ mtcamitm^ See lbs— 

Isbtf, ash'es, it. the dust or remains of amrthing 
burned ; Uie remains of the human body when 
burned J heaoe, a dead body. [A.S. mm.] 
hy. ashi, 4M^., Mkt mmAm ; ash-eoloured ; pale. 
jh-Witotsilsy, ash-wens'dA, it. the first day of 
Lent, so called from the Roman Catholic custom 
of brewing a$k»t on the head <m that day as a 
sign (^ pemtence. 

AiUar, Ashkr. ashlir, it. lit itomi laid in rpmt: 
hewn or squared stone used in building, as dis- 
tinguished from unhewn or rough as it cornea 
from the quarry, [prob. Celt elmck. a stone, 
«Ami/Aa/, laid m row»->f>«aA, a row.] 

AAerc^ a^ar', mdv,, m aJkfimt to the short; oa 
bmd; stranded. 

Ash-Wtdnssday, Ashy. See under AAss, 

Asiatic^ i-fihi^tlk, mdj. bekmging to Atim, 

AsMtL a^Td', tuhf., m or 4# one tide; out of the 
ri^t winr ; in private. 

Aslalae. See under Am. 

AA. ask, v./., *0 setk an answer; to request t to 
inquire; to b<^; to question,-^.^ to request or 
petition ; to make inquiry >->r./. ask^g ; At/, 
asked (askt). [A.S. acslan, msciam, to seek.] 

IrtiaiTf. a-skams'. AAaa% apskant*. adv., sidrwajts ; 
vKTf ; obliquely. [It sfMiamcift awry, fcanci^, 

laktw, a-skO^ mdv„ U a tidt; awrv; obllouelv; 
askant [Or. tkaUSt obUque, on the left hand t 
t. tunms: Ocr. ackU/; Dan. siitv; Dutch, 
Mckuuu; allied to AAaaes, HqIbI.] 

Adant^ a-slant', a4f, or adv., #» tkt tlaHt; on one 
side; obliquely. 

AslsvK a-slM', aty.vadvn on or U'k^S deep- 
ing^ dead. 

Adepi^ »4l0p^.«4'. or adw»t «« M# ^khl with a 
slope or incunation. 

^9, asp. Asiplib as'pik, n. a small but exceedingly 
venomous J#r;^/. [U and Gr.«jr>», a serpent] 

Asp M —a s , a*>tMir'a-gus, it. a garden y^etable, the 
shoots of which are eaten whan bpiled* [L> tf*^ 
paragta: Gr. mtordyfM.] 

A^sol, ac'pekt, n. that which is hoktdai} ^nvm ; 
appearance ; countenance ; position. [L. a^^' 
tu$^^a»pieio~-md, at, tpHU^ to look.] 

AspsB, as^n, it. the trembUng poplar, so called 

ato,ar; mCfhte; miaa; mOtoiiBfitot toOOni i^m> 

* . U ' 



from the tremulouBnets of itt leavei. lA-S. #^*1 

A^trtlf, as-p^-d, M., roMik$u$$; unevenneat; 

barihn«s«. [L. atptr ita * tt sper^ rough.] 
hMfmn^ a»-pirt', 9./., /^ tprtad or scaiUr over 

or Ml ; to cast calumny or slander upon x—fr.^ 

aq>erslng:>a.>.aq)eraed'. (L. M/ryjv, Mjlvrntf 

—I I I / , to, ifargo^ to scatter.] 
aip w ioa, as-pif^un, H,/uta/a^enittg; calumny. 

MMSlhaik, as-fkltf, Asphattua, as-falt'um, n. a hard, 
httuminous substance, anciently used as a cement, 
and now for paving, ftc. [Gr. as^halUs, an 
Eastern word.>— a^. aqriuilt'ie. 

Iipho<l<l, as^fi^del, n. (corrupted into dajffhdtl)^ a 
name for the dayMfy and other plants of the uly 
order. [Gr. at/AaJelot.] 

A^kyala, a»-fiks1-a» aspky^. as-fiksl, n. lit witk- 
put/uUe; suspended anunation, espedallv that 
from suffocation. (Gr. a, without, and sfkyxi*, 
the pulse— ^j's^, to throb.] 

Aspira, as-pli', v./., tc hrtatfu or yuiX, ttfifr* to 
desire eagerly ; to aim at somethmg elevated : — 
fr.p. aspiring ; /«.>. aupTrcd'. [L. mtpirv—rndt 
to^s^ro, to breathe.j--^M(fl a«lr1aff.— «<^> 

aiptraat. as-pTr'ant, «»., en* wko€Upir9» ; a candidate. 

asplrats, arpi-r&t, v./. to pronounce with a full 
bntathing^ as the letter A, in kaust l—pr.p. as'fH- 
rfiting : /A.>. as'pirftted.— tfi^^'. pronounced with 
a fuirbreath. — «. a mark of aspuation (' ). 

•splratloa. as-pi-rfl'shun, n. eager pursuit^ or denre 
after: pronunciation of a letter with a full 

Aaqatnt. a-skwint', ttdv,, with m squint; towards 
the comer of the eye : obliquely* [A.S. «, 00, 
and Sqvlat.] See Askew. 

Am. as, ». a welKknown animal of the horse family ; 

§(., a dull, stupid fellow. [A.S. aua; L. mtimu; 
r. pnotj Heb. «M#w.] 
I, asl-nTn, a^j. of or likt an att* 
See AsafMlda. 
Assail, as-sftl', vJ. to make a saify or aisattlt upon ; 
to leap or sprins upon ; to attadc >-/r./. affaif- 
ing : /a^ assaBecr. (Fr. astaiiir; L. auilia — 
AT, to, talio, to leap.] 
MsaUabls, as-sftl'a-bl, a4/,, that may b* autuUd. 
isssllsnt. as-sftl'ant, m., otu who assaiis. 
■■salt, as-sawlt', m., a Itapimg upon with violence ; 
a sttdden attack ; a storming. — v.i. to make an 
assault upon ; to assail >-pr,p. assaulting : >».>. 
assault'ed. [Fr. oMMt/— L. tunlio^ auuUum^ 

iwasria, as-sas'an, «. one who kills or attempts to 
kill by surprise or secretly. [Fr. from KxJuuhuki$t. 
followers of an eastern robber-chief wbo fortified 
themselves for their adventures by an intoxicat* 
ing drink \ka$huk\ made from hemp.1 

iMssriastt, as-as'sin-it, v,t to murder by surprise 
or secret assault:—^./, assas'sinftting ; /a./, 

as-aas<«n-A'shun, it. secret murder. 

See under AssalL 

. ; as-sft'^ 9./., to txamitu or weigh accurately ; 
to determine the amount of a metal in an ore or 
alloy. — v.i. to attempt ; to tuay .*— /r>. assay'- 
ang: >«^. assayed. [Fr. esxayer; It. tuuig- 
gmrtt to trjr: L. txagium, a balance, a standard 
weight-— Mn^, to examine, to weigh— «r, out, 
mgo, to put m motion.] See Sssaj, Krasihts. 
Bsj, as-sjl', IS., txamtnatioHf trial, or proof; at- 
tempt: the determination of the quantity of 


?^^ in aa ore or alloy, espedally of the quan- 
^"y of gold or silver in coin. [Fr. tssai.^ 

•^^» as-st'tr, «., otu who astmys'xait\a\%, 

Ansiiiiu, as-sem^ vJ. to bring or call to the 
tamo place, or totothor; to collect. — v.L to meet 
t^etl^ \--fr.p. assemliling ; >a.>. assemlJed. 
[Fr. atsemlior; L. ad, to, timau, together* at 
the same time; Gr. homos, A.S. sam, same; 
Sans, sam, together.] 

ssBiBiWsis, as-sem'bljlj, «. a collecttoa of indivi- 
duals or tilings. 

asssmUj, as-sem'bli, n. a collection of individuals 
in the same place for amusement, or for tlie 
consideration of religious or political matters, &c 

isBSWt, as-sent', vJ., to thinh with ; to eomsoni ; to 
agree to i—fr.p. assent'ing ; Pa.p. assent'ed. 
act of agreeing to or admittmg.— ncu/f. aassa'" 
[L. assentior — ad, with, stntio, to think.] 

Asssrt, as-sdrt', v,t. lit. to join or h$ui to; to declare 
positively or strongly ; to maintain '.—pr.p. as- 
serting : >a./. asserrcd. [L. asstro, assortutm, 
to lay houl CM, declare— a/, to, sero^ to}oin,kmt.j 

as-s6r'shun^ m., tut 0/ asserting; positive 
or strong dedarauon ; atfirmation. 

as-ses', v./., toset; to fix the amount of a 
tax; to xaji'.—pr^, assessing ; /a.>. assessed'. 

(Fr. euseoir; L. assidoo, assessnm, to sit by : in 
ow L. to set, fix a tMx-^-ad, to, s^deo, to sit.]-* 
a4/\ asssss'abto. 
asMssmsat, as-ses'ment, n., act 4ff assessing: a valu- 
ation for the purpose of taxation ; a tax. 
asssssor, as-sesror, n.^ one who assesses; a l^al 
adviser who sits beside a judge to assist him.— 
adj. assssBo'ilal. 

Aflsss^ as' sets, m, goods or estate et$o$tgh to pay all 
the debts of a deceased person: the propeitv 
of a deceased or insolvent person, [old fi» 
asseth; Fr. assen; L. ad, to, satis, enough.] 

Aatverate, as-seVftr-At, v.t. to declare seriously or 
solemnly :—>r./. assev'eriting ; pa.p. assev'er- 
ited. [L. assevero^ asseveratus—ad, to, setfents, 
serious.]— «. asssvsra'tloa. 

Assldnom, as-sid'0-us, 04^'., sitting dote at; coo- 
stant or unwearied in application ; diligent : per- 
severing.— «</r. assld*«MHl]r. [L. assidsms ad, 
to, at, sedeo, to sit.] 

ssriiiioamsss, as-sid'iMis-nes, aaridatty. as-si-dfl'i-tiy 
n., quality 0/ being assiduous ; constant i4>plica- 
tion or diugeoce. 

Aalifa, as-SIn', vJ., to sign or mark out to one ; to 
allot ; to appoint ; to lulege : to transfer x—Pr.p, 
assigning; Pa.p, assigned'. — n, one to whom 
any property or right is made fpnr.—eulj. asrfgaf* 
abls. [Fr. assignor; L. assigno, to mark out-« 
eul, to, signum, a mark or sign.] 

ssrijiistlna, as-sig-nft'shun, n,, act qf assigni$igi an 
appointment to meet, used chiefly of love-appoint- 
ments : the making over of anything to another. 

ssrigass, as-sIn-€', «., oiu to whom any right or 
property is assigned. 

aarigasr, as-sln'^r, m, on* who assigns, 

ssslfninsnt, as-sln'ment, »., act o/assipUngi any- 
thing assigned : the writing ^ which anything 
is transferred : appointment. 

Asshallats^ as-siml-llt, v.t, to make similar os like 
Z^; to convert into a like substance, as food into 
our bodies. — v.i* to grow similar ^ to be amverted 
into a like substance '.—pr.p. assim'iUting ; Pa^ 
assim'ilftted. [L. assimulo, assimulatup—etd, tOw 
tftim^,like.] SeeliaBilar. 

nation of the quantity of Munittx, like.] SeeliaBili 
fite, fiLr ; mC, hbc ; mine ; roOte ; mQte ; mOOn ; /^n. 


process of converting into « like substance. 

sateflsttfs^ as-amll-A-tiv, «^., having /ovftr or 
tendency tvmtsimilai*, 

Aalift. «s-dst', v./., il9 9Umd iS9 or by ; to help.— v./. 
tolendaid:— /r.>.assist'ing;^>.assisred. [L. 
tttsisU m d, to, sitt^f Gr. Autitai, to make to 

saJBtiniw, as-sist'ans, «. help ; reliefl 

Siristaa^ as-sist'ant, a^CT" helping or lending aid. — 
ML (me who assists ; a helper. 

kMm, as-sis', 9.i., ip assttsj Xotei mta. the quan- 
tity or price i—fr.p. assTx'uu; ; >«.>. asslzed . — m. 
a statute s ctth n g the weij^n^ measure, or price 
of anything. [<wa Fr. asnse, a set late— a«r<nr — 
L. »sad*rt. in low Lk to set.] See Mmtm^ Us*. 

asriiav. as-SIrte, iv. an o£Scer who inqtects weights 

sataH^ as-sTs'es, »./Z. lit. ussient or Httmgs; a 
coiut held in eadi county twice a year, at which 
causes are tried by a judge and jury. 

Iswiisis, aa-sO'shi-At, v./. to join m company with, 
as a eomfamanf friend, or partner ; to unite in the 
same body. — v.L to ke^ company with ; to com- 
bine or unite v—f^.p. ass0'ci2ting ; Pa.p, assO'- 
dftted. [L. assocta — «</, to, sodns^ a companion.] 
as-sS'shi-At, a^'. joined or connected with, 
one joined or connected with another ; a 

companion, friend, partner, or ally, 
■s rt a tl c a , as-sO-shi-Arshun, «., act of auociaimgl 
muon or combination : a society ofpersons joiswd 

together to promote some object 
■insane aaCaO-nans, iv., a sounding in response 
to; reaemblanoe <» sounds. [L. aa, to, tenant, 
soundin g j ws» , to sound.] 

it, arsO-nant, adj., rtumHrng in tomuL 
, 9»^acii, vJ,, U sari; to put into tarls or 
danes; to arrange.— v.f. to agree with. [Fn 
m xM m tir^ 'L. ad, to, tart, tartis, a lot.}— See Bott. 
■■iBsal, as-sort'ment n., act ^ attarting: a 
quantity or number of things assorted. 
■OBfs^ (^ B., Manntfi), as-«rl^', v.t. lit. to make 
twett; tosoften. or allay. — v.i. to abate or subside : 
-^./ aasulging : pa.p. assuflged'. [old Fr. at- 
ttuagrr, low L. attnaviare—L. tuavit,^ sweet] 
Bl, aft-sw&j'ment,j«.abatement; mitigation. 

as-swft siv, adj. softening ; mitigatmg. 
a»«Qm', v.t., ta taJkt to; to take upon 
one's self; to take for granted ; to arrogate ; to 
ap pr op riate. — v.i. to claim unduly ; to be arro- 
gant x—fr.p. assOm'ing ; pa.p. assOmed'. [L. cu- 

tui, to, tuma, to take.] 

as-sQm^g. adj, haughty ; arrogant 
as-sum^un, n,, act ^ attnming: a 

sump^tiT, adj., thai it or may bt 

a-shOOr', v.t. to make t$av or tecnrej to 

S confidence: to insure:—^./. assOilng; 
. assQned'.— 41. ttm/w. [Fr. attnrer ad, 
sitr, sure.] See Bare, Be c a r e. 
■arsd, aFshOOnr, €utt. certain; widiout doubt ; ex- 
cessively bold.— M9. tatm/tiOf^—n, sasai^iilMias. 
innaos^ a-shOOr'ans» n,, act 0/ atsurit^i confi- 
dence: ground of confidence: excessive bold* 
insuoranoe, as applied to lives* 

ktim, ndttr, m, a genus of plants with compound 
flowers like little start. fCr. attir, a star. ] 

sHacfak, as'tte-isk, n., a iittlt ttar used in printings 
thus*. [Gr. ar/rrufaw, dim. of AT/lr, a star.] 


ai^t£r-oid, «. one of the nunor tiart or 
planets between Mars and Jupiter. [Gr. astir, 
a star, sides, form.}— a^'. asterold'aL 

Astam, a^-ttixn\ adv., an tkt stem; in, at, or 
towards the hmder part of a ship. 

Asihm^ ast'ma. n., shart-drawn breath; a chronic 
disorder of the organs of respiration. [Gr.— «J, 
aimi, to breathe hard.] 

astkmatle, ast-mat^k, astlnnattoal, ast-mat^-al, 
ad/., pertaining to or affected by asthma. 

Aslonlsd, as-tonid, As.>.of old E. astony, astonished. 

Aslwifali, as-ton'i^ v.t., to stnn with anv sudden 
noise, as thunder; to confound with auoden fear 
<>r wonder :--/r./. astonishing; Pa.p. aston'- 
ished. [old Ft. estonner^h. attono, to thunder 
at— a/, at, tone, to thunder: old £. astony: A.S. 
stunian, to stun.}—*, asfeonlshmsat. 

astoBtabtng, as-toinsh-ing, €uij. very wonderful; 
a m a zin g, a t l v. asfeoaldda^. 

astoaad. as-tomuf, v.t., to stun or asto$ush i—fr.p, 

asto u nd i ng ; Pa.p. astound'ed. [A.S. astunJian,} 
Astragal, as'tra-gal, n. in arch., a small senudrcular 

moulding or bead endrdinga column or in other 

situations. [Gr. tuiragaios, one of the vertelunB 

of the neck.] 
Astral, as'tial, a^f* belonging to the start; starry. 

[L. astrum, Gr. astir, a star.] 
Artray, a-stril', adv., en the stray; out of the tigbX 

way or proper place, [a, on, and Blray.] 
AsMetlea, as-trik'shun, n., a Hndingat contractioB. 

[L. astrictie—ad, to, strings, strictus, to bind.] 
Astilda, a-strTd', adv., en the stride; with the legs 

open, (»■ across, {a, on, and Btrlda.] 
Aakrlags^ as-triqj', v.t., to bind together; to con- 
tract \—pr.p, astringlng : pa.p. astringed'. [L. 

astringo — ad, to. strings, to bind.1 
as triag aaey, as*tri^j'en-si, n. power of contracting t 

state of being astringent 
asferingwt, as-tnnj'ent, adj., binding; contracting j 

strengthening. — n, a meudne that binds.— aoir. 


Astrology, as-troro-ji, n,Vit, the hnevtUdge ^ the 
stars ; the pretended science of foretelling events 
by the stars. [Gr. astren, a star, logos, know 
\tA%^\-adj. astcelog'kaL— «<Ar. astraSBgioally. 

astrologer, as-trol'oote, n., a professor <^ astrology, 

A^tKomamf, as-tron'o-mi, n. the lams or science of 
the iterr or heavenly bodies. [Gr. ai/fv«, a star, 
nomot, a law.}— a^<. astroMsrls^ astroaemloaL — 
adv. aatroBaarleaQy. 

astroaoBMr, as-tronVmte, n,, one verted in astrO' 

Astro-thaolegy, as'trO-thC-oI'o-ji, n., natural tho^ 
elogy or proof of a God fotinded on the observa- 
tion of the heavenly bodies, [Gr. astron, a star, 
and Theology.] 

Aatate^ as-tQt', adj.,craffy; cunnimr; sagacious; 
shrewd. [L. tutntus—astus, craft, said to be 
from Gr. astu, a city, astute thus meaning^ 
having the shrewdness of one city-bred,\ ad v, 
astatiny.— «, 

a-sun'dir, adv., sundered from ; apart; 
into parts ; separately. [A.S. asundra»— sunder, 

Asytmn, a-sfhmi^ n. a place where one is safe from 
seizure : a refuge : an institution for the care or 
relief of the umortunate. [L. ; Gr. atylon—a, 
without, syU, right of seizure.] 

Asjmptotsv a'sim-tot, n, a line which though con- 
tinually api»oaching some curve, never meets it 

ftte^fllr; mChfo; mine; mOte; mOte; mOOn; ihva. 



iQr. •..Wit, ^L y^y^siSi^* ^ ^ 



Aft» at,>nR^. denoting pretence, nearnen. ordtoec- 
tion towudi. [A.S. «#; L. «/; Sans. mW. upon.] 

Ata^ et— did eat— pait tense of lit. 

AttansitM. ath-an-A'shl-aa, Miff, ctAiiatMuhti or 

his creed. 
Akbdna, ft'the-lsn. m. the state of being wii^^nt 

God ; disbelief.'m the existence of God. [Gr. a, 

without, tkeos, God] 
alhdfl, i'the-ist, n,, 9tu wk» dkbelUvet in the 

alMslli^ MhS^Jstlk, attrfsMaal, I-the>!scak-al« m4f., 

ptrimmbȣ U miMtm; disbelieving. 
AttoBMB, AX^mnmt ath-f-nCum^ n. a temple of 

Athlna or Minerva at Athens in which scholan 

and poets read their works : a public institution 

for lectures, reading, &C. [Gr. mtkhudom, from 

AtMima, or AtMini^ the goddess Minerva.] 
AthMiaa, a^hfnt^an, «<^., UrUUmint: U Atkim. 
Atkliil^ a-thtest'. €4f'; m iAtrsi; thirsty, 
AtkleK athlii, •., « smimdtr for victory b fMts 

of strength; one vigorous in body or miodi [Or. 

atUia», from mtklos. a contest.] 
atUstk^ ath-letHc. ii4f^ ^nUuMuut U or like jw 

atkUU : strong ; vigorous.— «.>/. atklttlas 1k% 

miAUtic tx^nsMt* 

Athwartk a'thwawrt', ^tr^., on. H0 ikmtrt; wcxom* 
—adv, crossly ; p<^exuigly. 

Atla^ atlas, li. a collection of maps. [Gr, AtUu 
(the beai«r)« a god who bort the world on bis 
^oulden, and wnose figure used to be given on 
the title-page of atla ses -prob. from « (euphonic), 
and Htflbt to bear.] 

AtUaiMB, at-Un-te'an, tM,, ^irUininf U Qt ft- 
sembling A Has: giganac. 

ItUnlei^ at-lan'tCs, n^ in mnh,, figures of men 
used instead of columns or pilasters. 

Atfaatle, at-lan'tik. «<(^. pertaining to Atltu, or to 
the Auantic Ocean. — n. the ocean between 
Europe, Africa, and America, [from Mount WIAm 
in the nottli-west of AfricaJ 

A teo if hw ii^ at'mos-ftr, «.. miif^t^ktpt: the air 
that BuiTounds the earth; fig., any surrounding 
influence. [Gr. tUma. ahr, i^uUms, a sphere.] 

alBomherK at-pios-ferlk, atme^srtftst, at-mo»* 
fei^««l, m4t't ifot depending on tMt a im o ^^ k tpt . 

Atom, at'om, n, a particle of matter so small that 
it coMMPt bt cut OK divid0d; anything very 
small. [Gr. m t tm M >i , not, iemmdt to cut}— 
itdj.t atomle^ a-tomlk, atoedeal, a-tom^-aL 

aWriPi, at'ooMsm, s. the doetrine that mUai9 
arranged themselves into the universe. 

atomlsl^ af om*ist, ik, cm swb beiicvn im aUmitm, 

Atone, a-tOn', v.u to be or cause to be «/ «wr; to 
expiate or reconcile :-^r>. atOn^g; /«/. 
atoned', [usually given from a/, and 0ni.\ 

%%muua\ i^tOn'ment. «. reconciliation ; expiation. 

AtaoeloiL a-triyshi-us, a4f' extreroeljr ertttl or 
wicked; heinous; en<mnous; horrible. [L. 
aiivxt mhvcis, craeL]— 4nfo atrs'ileisly.— «v. 
atre'deuBM^ atnelliy. 

Atrophy, at'rO-fi. «., wani cfnottrisktiumt ; a wast- 
ing away without manimC cause. [Gr. a, with- 
Ottt,and tr9^, nourishment — irt^ki, to nourish.]',v./.,/tf Ai£Aor#Abli^in a fnendlr 
manner ; to gain over : to seue :— >r.>. attach- 
ing :>«^. atteched'. [Fr. atimcAer; it aiimcem^; 
S. ktck, prob. from L. Am^** Mff, to toudi.] 


^^>M% tt4aciiVbl, g<y., ikmim^UmhaHM. 

**7^ aMa^sht', m., ««# »U0ckid to the waif of 
^'^ embassador. [Fr.] 

at U fthiBil , at-tachWnt, «, timU cf Ubtf mU 
^•c4W; the thing attached; that which binds oi»9 
tbing to another; adherence ; fidelity j affectioB. 

AMaek, a(4ak', v.i., to tack 4r ot/Mtm mi in aa 
unfriendly manner ; to iall upon violently ; to 
assail :-4r./. attadcing; ^m^ attacked\— «. 
aMittkr. [Ft, aitafttsr; lt,mtiactmrt. See Attaak.] 

Attala, at-tln||. v./., U touch 4ii*Umti; to reach or 
gain by efiort ; to obtain ; to aoconmlisk— «.£ 
to come to or readi:— >r.#. attahtlng ; /«.>. 
attained*. [IV. aiUindroi L. otHttgv, to touch 
against, to readi— «^, to, teNjf^ ^ tooofa.] 

iltalaihK at-tin'a-bl, mt(/„ ikai mmy hi mitmbomL 

sttafamwt, at-tan'ment. m., act of m Hmimk t g t the 
thing attained; aoquuition. 

Attaint, at-tant', v.U orig. ic mttmim to, overtiJce, 
accuse, convict; to disgrace ; to deprive of ri|^ta 
from being convicted of treason i—^^. attamtfo 
ing ; >a./. attahifed. [See Afttala.] 

attafiider, at-tin'd«r. m., am aiUuniitu't dte loM of 
diyVL rights througn conviction for ugh treason. 

attaiatan^ at-tlntHlr, n, a staining or rendering 
infiunous; a reproach. 

AfttarefBesM. SeeOMa 

Attampv, at-tem'pte, v./,, U iomM^S to mix is 
due proportion; to modifvor moderate :—/rt/. 
attem'pering ; /o^. attem pered. (t>. atttm^m 
md, and Uti^forp, to divide propo'Iy.] 

attamp^ at-temtf, vJ*, U try v endeavour ; to 
make an effort upon :-^/. attempting ; >•>• 
attempt'ed.— «k a trial, endeavour, or efiort. [Fr. 
atUutor^lM aiU m/ o ad, to, and iow^to, UmU^ 

' to try-^IWM^, to stretch.] 

Attend, at-tend', v.i. lit. to oirotck or iomd Ut to 
wait on or acoompany ; to be present at^H^.^ to 
yield attention (to)i--^^ attend^; AM. 
attend'ed. [L. attimdo ad, to, Undo, to stretch.} 

sttMiliasi^ at-lend'ans, n.,att ^atUmUmf: prea- 
ence; the persons attending tin B,, attention. 

stiMiiat, at^tend'ant, a^\ giving attendance ; ao* 
companyiog.— 4s.otte woo attends or accompanies; 
a servant ; that which accompanies or follows, 

attoat, at-tent', a4f\ in B., attentive. 

attantloa, at-ten'sbuny n,^^actof afteudmg: Appli- 
cation ; heed ; care ; ctvility. 

attaattve^ at-tent^v, a4f, full of attention ; mind- 
ful.— «<f9. attoiflvely.-Hi. alteatOviafSB, 

Attenastei at-ten'a^At, vJ,, to maJho tJkm or lean i 
-fr./, atten'QIting; /a./. atten'QJUed. IL. 
aitoMMO—ad, to, tenuis f thin, lean.] 

a t tsnaa ta, at-ten'O-At, «^., aiUnuaiod' 

atten a atton, at-ten-Q-t'shua, m,, act j/ai tmum tisti:; 
thinness or IwinnrM. 

atteaaaat^ at-teo'0>ant, adj., makiof th i n , m , a 
medicine that attenuates. 

Attwt, at-tesf, v.t^ to tosti^ or bear vdtmM to; 
to certify ; to affirm; to call t6 witneu:— >r>. 
attest^; A*./, attest'ed. [Uattostor a d, to, 
tostis, a witness.}-*^ atWsf •». 

atlMltyon, at-test-a'shua, «., act tfattnOnH testi- 
mony or witness. 

Attte, at'tik, adj. pertaining to Attica or to Athens{ 
chaste; dassicaL [U Atticus; Gr. Attikoo.^ 

Attldsm, afti-siam, is., m Attic idiom; a chaste 
or el^ant eapresMon. 

atlie. artik, is.,in«nA.,ak)wstoryrisfaigabovedM 

ftt»,ari wMfhtati lAhMi mOteinUte; nOQo) thm- 


COVnOi BUlt If I WllMltM ttie BUuB MC^NttlOB Of A 

hdAnff: « ikir-lighled room in the roof of a 

boose. CI* Attkm; Or. AtHkot.^ 

4ttln^ ot-d/y v./., iS9 dram^M; to dress, arrtj, or 

■don ; toprepan i—^^, attlr'ins ;/a,/» attmd'. 

—41 dress : omaLmeatal dress : in 3., a woman's 

(It. Hnur, to dzaw ; old Fr. mtHrtr 

^ a torn.] 

AIIHiii,aeti.tOd,i».,i^^rf^!ftwfeofposltioo; tkepos- 
tnrs «»M^Ia# to sooie imrpose; posture; gesture. 

yUlelMs^ aMi-tlldfiB-ta, va to assomo affected 
MtHtnini'^^ nttit&d'ialdbBg! >s^ attitOd'- 
ioTscd. , , , , , 

A H s f sy , af-Cnrni, is. one who acts in the iwm or 
stead d' another; ooa who>figA«f«r or manages 
the affsin of anotlier, espedally in nutters of 
bw; one authorised to practise in a court of 
kv ; a bwyer.— /£ ■iMoi'Mfa Dow L. aitorm^ 
im » M i, to» i^rm^ to tnm.}-H«. attor^ml^ph 

AH s m y ts as r sJL at-tin^ni-genfo-a], n. In £ngland, 
the head bw^oiBcw of the crown. 

Ifttmsl^ at-trskt', v./., U drum it or cause to a^ 
proach; toaltura; to entice :-^> attracting : 
>s>. attracf ed. rU a/trmJkf, ^^trtKhtf-^ 
to, trmkt, to draw.j 

stttMlakK at-traktra-U, «^., iJkai may U mi- 
tmcUd, M. attcaelaMI'ltf; 

stt rs sMw^ at>trak'aliun, iv., act ofaitfcHnrl the 
foros trfiidi draws or tends to draw bodies or 
dieir pa rticles to eadi other : that which attracts. 

sltnfllv% at^traktlr. mdj., hamng tJUJcwtr 0/ 
mUrmeimg; alluring.— aiA^/. atlMell?t|f, di^ 

AttKbiK at-tin/Ot, v.t, Ugim or ascribe U: to 
impate>-;/r>. attrilTOting ; >a.>. attrib'ated. 
[L. miUifm mJ, to» trOm, trihthu, to giro.] 

stMtaK aiftri-bOt, n,, ikmi wkick is attrOuUd: 
that whida is inherent in ! that which can be 
preificBted of anything : a quality or property. 

■Ifc ft Hs tl s , at^ritftt-ta-U, md/,, ika$ mtv ^ mi- 

■MrftailM, at-tii-bO'shun, is., mci ^/tUtrOmiiiqfm 
what b attributed. 

•IMMtfi^ at^b'O-tiv, m4f., tkmi miinhtiti.'-it, 
the thing attributed. 

SJIMUm, at-tri'shua, t$, the nMim£ of one thing 
against aaotheri a wearing by friction. [L. 
•ttriO^, from m, to, itrt, iriius, to rub.] 

Ittaa^ at-tlln', v.i., io imu; to make one sound 
accord with another. [L. im^ to^ and Taae.] 

AAen, awOwm, a4/, orig. wkitifk; reddish brown. 
Pow L. mtbmmm—aihut white.] 

laellsa, awk'shna, n, a public sale la which each 
bidder memutt the pirioe offered by the preced- 
ing, the article put up being sdd to the highest 
bidder. [L. mmeH^ ^M fw ^ , to increase.] 

■ litl oas w, awk-shun-b', n, one licensed to sell by 

aw^Ilfshi-as, a4f*, dari$»g; bold ; con- 
' npodent.— «iAy. aads^deeay.— iw. aada'- 
. andaeily, aw-dasl-tL [Fr. trndacUux, 
L. Mtdar aud§0, to dare.] 

kadUk^mmeri-}A,m4(„aNtUi§ii4mL fj^ mtt- 
dt'Hh * 4 n i di 0, to near, conn, with Gr. #«r, tuts, 
the t9T.y-adv. aad'iU^.— m. andUdtoMS. 

aailtaif^ aVdi-ens, n,, tk* act ^fuaring: an as- 
sembly of hearers : admittance : in ^., hearing. 

aadtt, aw'dit, n» the settling of accounts by refer- 
ence to vouchers or witnesses.— -v./. to seule ao* 

Aurora BoreaUa 

CpunU by audit :-^./ auditing ;/«^.aod*ed. 

[L. «Mi6A he hears.] [accounts, 

aaditor, aw'dit-or* n., a himrtri one who audits 
aaditeiy, aw'dit-or-L adj., kavi9^g tJU powtr ^ 

ktmrhig : pertaining to the sense of hnring.— 

n, an audience : the. place where lectures, ftc. 

are heard. 
ABftr; aVg^, M., a auire-M: a tool used for 

boring holes by turning a centre which is steadied 

against the stomach. [A.S. nmmgar, m^gar^ 

nafk, a aare or centre, gar, a piercer.] 
AafM^ awt, »., « mkii; oudit ; anything ; a part. 

[A.S. aki, amiki-m, andwO/.awight, athmg. 
Aigmaaft, awg-ment', v4*, <# iticrtmtt; to make 
, larger.—v.i. to grow bzver :— >r>. augment'- 

mg: /a./, augment'ed. [L> mugm*ni»~-<tttitp^ 

to increase ; Gr. aMx9, to wax, to grow.] 
•agmeat, awg'ment, «., McriMM ; a prefix to a word, 
a mawrtab^ awg-menfa^bl, o^f., abU tsU i>^ 

a igmeatott e n , awg-ment-lfshun, «., act ^migmmt' 

ingi addition. 
■ Of t s lt fi , awg-ment'a-tiv, m^., thai migmmit, 
Aigar, aVgur, «. among the Romans one who 

foretold evena by observing the crits ^ birdt, 

ftc. ; a diviner: a soothsayer.— w./. to foretdu 

hom. signs.— ^.i to gueu or coi^ecture >~-tr^» 

au'guring; >•./. atpgured. [L.— «vit, a bird, 

and/»r, therootof/ttrn», to cry.]— ««. aa^gvaMfb 
aafiry, aw'gur-l, n., th* art or practioe ^f mt^^ut' 

ing; an omen.— «i(/. aagaral, aVgH-caL 
lagisl^ aw-gua^ adj. worthy of amt or honour; 

majestic. -ffirfw. aagislty.— «. aagMlWsa [L. 

mmgm tu^ m t g $0 , to increasob to amgnify er 

honour the gods : also given from mmgw^, thus 

aManiag, ctmsecrated by augury.] 
lapHl, aw'sust, IV. the ei^th aionth of the year, 

so nameo in honour m the Roman Emperor 

Octavius Atigmtttu, 
iM»t«»i aw-^ust'an, aJU.,j^arimimh^iioAnguatm, 

or the time m which he uved : oiainc; rraned. 
Aalls^ awlik, *mdj, relating to a royal ttmrt, [li. 

anda, a royal court— Gr. m»d9, a court] 
laalk int. n. lit afathtf^t titter ; a fhthei's er a 

mother^s sister. [Fr. tamtt; old Framte; L. amita.] 
Aaratsd, aw'rlt-ed, adj.,gold4n, [L. awmm, gold.] 
aaralla, aw-rCli-a, »., tht gtldrccimtrtd ehrjftaU* 

of an insect 
avreohi, aw-rCO-la, n. a drele otg^ld-eeburtdrKn 

with which painters suinwnd the head of Chrttt 

and the saints, populariy calleda glory, 
avle, aVrik, adf. pertaining to /v/i^ 
aarlflroas, aw-ru '^us, «^. containing or frodm- 

cinggohL [L. OMrum, gcHdi/hv, to produce.] 
AasleK aVri-kl, «v., a little ear; the outer ear.— 

41, aa'rlolss, two ear-like cavities of the heart 

[L. auricula, dim. oiauris, the ear.] 
aeHeala^ aw-rik'0-la, m, the flower beai's-Mn A 

spedes of primrose, 
aarlealar, aw-rik'Q-lar. adi. peitdning to the ear; 

secret— o^. avle^laity. 
aarlo«IaH awnrik'H-Ut, adj., M^^^haped. 
airlftem, aw^ri-form. adj., Mr^haped. [L. mtri», 

the tKt,/enma, shape.] [of the ear, 

aarial, awMst «• a surgeon skilled in the diseases 
Aareshs, awr'oks, «. the Kuropean bison or wild ox, 

[Ger.— «Kr, Or. ettrei. wild ox, and Ger. ecks, ox.] 
AirenL aw-rtl'ra, ft, the mermi m g ; b poetry, the 

goddess of moraing. [L.— Gr. a$triee, the mor» 

row ; Sans, mt at a root uek, to bum.] 
AaroraBsseaU^ aw^m bO-rMLHis, is., tJke nertkem 

l&te, f)Lf ; inCi hftr ; Q»Uie ; mOtc ; mflte ; mOOn ; Mem 



mur»r» or light; a meteor seen in noztbtfB 
latitudes. [L. horealis, northern— Amvat, the 
north wind.)— Avrora AastrmUs, aws-txftlis, «, A 
meteor in the S. hemisphere. [See AutrsL] 

AweultatUm, aws-kul-tft'shun^ h, lit. a lisUninr to ; 
the using of the ear to discover diseases of the 
lungs, &C. by applying the ear to a tube in 
contact with the chest. [L. aiaeuifatio—ans<- 
cuItOt to listen, conn, with <nvm, the ear.] 

Auples; aw'q)is, «. an omen drawn from cbsewing 
birds \ augury; generally used in >/. aosplosi^ 
aw'sftis-ex, protection; patronage. [L. auspex. 

adv. taufi^tUioMif. — m. aaspl't 

▲ut«r«v aw-st€r', adj. lit. making the tongue dry 
and rourk; har«h; severe; stem. — adv. »«• 
Bfcerelj. [L. ausUnu — Gr. ans UrM ■ attd, to dry.] 

aagtstsn— , aw-stCr'nes, avitertty, aw-ster'i-ti, n,, 
quality of being ansUre ; severity of manners or 
life ; sternness ; harsh discipline. 

Avtral, aws'tral, mdj., wtttAirm, [L. atutraiit-^ 
atttter, the south.] 

AastnOadaa, aws-tral-fl'shi-an, adj., pertaining tc 
AnttrakuiOf or the countries that lie to the 
nuth o/Asta. {AmtrmHa. 

AastfaUaa, aws-trilli-an, a4(/., of or pertaining to 

AwMaa, aws'tri-an, a4j't ^f or pertaining to 

Awlhsiilic, aw-then'tik, a4j» lit. having authority 
as M from the tntthof** own hand; <mginal; 
genuine ; trtan.—adv. asthn'tleally. [Gr. aniken' 
tikotf fnm autkentit, one who does anjrthing 
with his own handr-antott self, entea, weapons!] 

irthsBtlrats, aw-then'd-kftt,v./., to makeautheittic; 
to prove genuine '<r-Pr.p, anthea'ticftting ; /a/. 
autnen'ticAted. [ticating. 

ai^entlftion, aw-then-ti«k£'shnn, is., aet^ffantkenf 

MthsntlaMy, aw-then-tis'i-ti, «.« qnoHfy ^ being 
antkentic; genuineness. 

AvUur, aw'thor, «., one wJio protUices, or brings 
into being ; the beginner ; the writer of a book. — 
,firm. aalfhorssi. [Fr. autenr; L. itmctor—angeo, 
emctus, to produce.]—!*, aa'tkorrii^ 

•stbertty, aw-thoi^-ti, n.^ source ; legal power or 
right ; weight of testimony ; permission.—/^ 
aother^tU^ precedents ; ojnnions or sayings 
which carry weight ; persons in power. 

astlioritattve^ aw-Aorl«tartiv, adj'., having author- 
ity.— adv. avthorttollveiy. 

Mthexto^ aVthor-Is, v.t., to give authority to ; to 
establish by authority i—pr.p. authorising ; /a./, 
authorised'.— «. antlwrlsa'tlea. 

A nt o M ogrsphy, aw-tO-bi-og'ra-fi, m., the biography 
or life of a person written by himself. [Ck. 
ttutos^ one's self, bios, life, graphs, to write.}— 
adis. aatoUogmpli'le, astOlilogn^leaL 

aatoHopr^lMr, aw-tO-ln-og'ra-ffer, n.,one whowriies 
his own life. 

Autocracy, aw-tok'ra-si, n.. self-derived or inde- 
pendent /ranry; an absolute government by one 
man. [Gr. antes, one's self, mratos, power.] 

aatocrat^ aw'tO-krat, n. one who rules by his own 
power; an absolute sovereign. — adj. astoerallc. 

Aatogra^ aw'tO-graf, «., onds own^ hand-writing; 
a signature : an original manuscript. [Gr. autos, 
tc\h graphi, writing.]— «4f> Mfto^rs^ttV 

aatofraphy, aw-tog^ra^n, «. an original manuscript ; 
a process in UthographT by wmch a writing or 
* ' - is transfetred trom paper to stone. 

I ^^Jj*""* »w-tom'a-ton, n, AselfmoviffgtnMdbSaeg 
^. *«ie which moves by couched machinery ^— 
/*• %«toai'«toiis or avton'ata. [Gr. automatos-^ 
^^os, self, tnab, to move.}— a<f>. amtoBatleu 

AatOMay, 9m-totfo-na,n.^lf -government. [^ 

lonanua^-autos,aeU,nomos,bLW—nemd,to sway.] 
Astopi^, aw'top;«L n., seeing a thing onds self: 

roeaally am>lied to the examination of a body 

after death. [Gr. autopsia—euttost one's self, 

opsis, sight.]— 4MCf. astop'tlea]. 
AaleBB, aw'tum. n. the season of inerease: Ifae 

third season of the year when fruits are gathered 

in. [L. autumntts, aueturnnsw^a^geo, mstetus, 

to increase.] — €ulj. antoa'aal. 
Audllaxy, awg-riTyar-i, adj'., increasing; helfing. 

— «r. a helper; an assistant : in gram., a verb 

that helps to form the moods and tenses of others, 

[L. auxilium, help mug to, auxi, to increase.] 
Avail, a-vaf, p./., to be of value at service to ; to 

aid ; benefit — v.i, to oe of use ; to answer tha 

purpose:-^./, availing; pa.p. availed'.— «. 

benefit, profit, service. [LuMf^ to, valeo, to be aUe.] 
avaOabls, a-vftl'a-bl, adj'. that one may avail one^s 

self of; profitable; efficacious.— «^. avalfaUy. 
Avalaaeki^ av'a-jansh, n. a snow-slip or a mass of 

snow or ice sliding down from a mountain ta tAa 

valley below, [fr.^avaler, to slip down ; L. 

ad, to, vallis, a valley.] 
Avarice, av'a-ris, n., a panting after or eager 

desire for wealth ; greediness. [L. avaritii^— 

avarus, from ax^eo, to pant after.] 
avaridoas, av-a-rish'us, a4/. covetous; greedy.^ 

adv. avsifdoosly. — m. avaifdoasacss. 
Avasl^ a-vSst', int., enough; stop; hold (a nautical 

term.) [It and Ger. dasta, enough] 
Avatar, av-a-tflr', n., the descent of a Hindu deity 

in a visible form. [Sans, ematara ava ' 

root tri, to cross, and suffix a.] 
Avaaaftk a-vawnt', int., advance; move on; 1 

gone I [Fr. apant, hefon—avancer, to move 

— L. ab, firom, ante, before.] 
Ave, rve, n,, be safe or happy; Hail; in tha 

Roman Catholic Church, an address or prayer 

to the Virgin Mary. [I«, an abbr. of .^tw i»«ru^ 

Hail Mary — from aveo, to be safe <»r happy.] 
, a-venj', v.t. to talce or inflict vengeance om: 
unish :— :#r.>. avenging; pa.p. avenged. 

to pi 

r; It 

(Fr. venger^ It vettgiare: L. vindicarw.} 

avaaffsr, a-veig'te, n., one who avettges, 

AvcBBs^ av'fi-nQ, is., a coming or approach to; sat 

alley of trees leading to a house. [Fr. — L. ati, 

to, venio, to come.] 

Av«r, a-v^, v.t., to declare to be true; to affirm : 

^pr.p. averring ; pa.p, averred'. [Fr. avirer — 

L. verus, true.] 

avenasBt, a^vir'ment, n., thai which is averred S 

positive assertion. 
Avtracc^ av^^r-Sj, is. orig. damage or loss by sea- 
equal distribution among the shippers of the loss 
sustained — hence, a contribution to a genersd loss ; 
a mean proportion.— 0^'. containing a mean pro- 

hav, ue open sea.] 

Averts a-v&rt^, v.t., to turn from or aside ; to pro- 
vent v—pr.p, averting ; Pa.p. avert'ed. [L,, 
averts— aS, from, verta, versum, to turn.] 

avins, a-vftiT, adj'., turned from : having a 

iftta^ filr; n^hte; mlbe; mOte; mOte; mOQn; Men. 

dUndbfttioB towmrds or hatred to.—adv. 

lilM ; hatred. {tanarium-avi*, a hiid. J 

inkaft iM-ar-i, u, a place for keeping birds. [L. 
AvWiV^r a-vid^d^ m., a ^mntmi after ; eagerness; 

greedbesB. [L. tnndtta*— devious, gntay, avtff, 

to pant after.] See Avaxlee. 

IWiStViii. a^v-l^kl'shun, n,,a caUimf^ awtnfirom ; 
an cqgagement <>r business which calls ror one's 
tine and attention. [L. avoaUio, book. av9co— 
at, from, V0e», to call.] 

AviH a>TCttd', v.i. fit. to make vvid or em]^; 
to try to escape from ; to shun. — in B.. v.t. to 
escape:— /r^. avoiding ;>«./. avdd'ed. (See 

sfsUsMs. a-void'a-U, «4r., M«/ fttay ht ovoidttL 

aniiaaes^ a-void'ans, n., tfu act qfavoidiMg. 

A w li<u|w l B , av-ir-da-pcHx', 4u(f. or «., kavmg 
wtMi; a weteht, of which the lb. equals i6 
ot.\Yt. avoir Ju paidst to hard (of the) wei^t; 
L. k a h t , to hav^ pamdu$, weight] 

AtcobI^ a-Touch', v./. ocig. i^ cali t^^m a feudal 
kxd to defend his tenants right — hence the 
adalssion or axwwtd bv the tenant of a feudal 
inperior; to avow; to aedare, own, or confess: 
— ^./. avouching; /a./, avouched'. [Fr. 
asMcrr— Lw advoca rr a d , to, voco, to calL] 

Avow, a-voV, v.t. to declare cqienly; to own or 
confess :—/r.>. avowing ; >«./. avowed'.— iuftr. 
avaw'sAjr. [SeeAvoMh.] 

affiwaMa, a-voVa-bl, adj'.j thai mt^ hf avowed. 

a t w wal, a-vo«^al, «• a positive declsuation ; a frank 

ianS^ arwftt', v.i,, to wait or look jTor; to be in 
store for; to attend :-^>. awaiting; /a./, 
await'ed.— «. (in B.) an amSuah. [a, and Watt.] 

Amki^ arwUkf, v.i., to wake or tohh from aleep or 
inaction.— v.£ to oeaae sleeping; to bestirs- 
*r.p. awSldng ; /a./, awflke' or awiked'; >».>. 
awlked'. rSeeWaka] 

avaki^ a>w3k\ eidj. not asleep ; vigilant. 

awakM, a-wik'n, v.t., to awaJke:—^^, awSlc'en- 
ing ; >a/. awakf ened. 

Award, a-wawrd', vJ. orig. to look a/— then, to pro- 
nounce judgment upon; to adjudge. — v.t. to 
determine i—^.f. awarding ; paJ^. award'ed.^ 
n. judgment; nnal decision. [Pr. eswarder; 
li. guardare; Fr. regarder, to look.] 

Amra, apwir\ atfy'* lit oh guard oc ward; warv; 
informed of. [A.S. warian^ to be on guard- 
war, caution.] See Warn, Waiy. 

Aaaf, a-wt', adv., out ^tkeway; absent— «ik/. 
b^one I [A.S. aweg—a, and wtrg, wav.] 

avaf wltfe^ v.t. (obs.) to put up with or endure. 

Ava^ aw, m. reverential /ear; dread.— v./. to 
strike with or influence by fear :— >r.>. awing ; 
Pa,p. awed'. [A.S. en, fear ; Gr. agf, wonder.] 

avfal, aVflool, adj., full qfawe. ad v. aw'lttQy. — 
n. vdMaam. 

Avkwaxtf, awVward, adj. lit towards the left; 
perverted; indirect: unskUfuL [old E. awk. 
wrong, left, A.S. ward, direction.]— <u/9. awk> 
wardly.— M. awk'wardaaaa. 

Airi, awl, n. a pointed instrument for boring small 
boks in leather. [A.S. «£] 

Ava, awn, n., a scale or kstsk; beard of com or 
grass. [Ice. ogn, Dan. aone, Gr. acknl, duiff.] 

AMbf, awning, m, a covering to skelter bom the 


sun's rays, [low Dutch, 4fl»#wii«!f; from Arwis, 
a shelter or place of shelter. ] 

Awoka, a-wok*, did awake-past tense of Awaka. 

Awork, a-wurk', adv. (oba.), at work, working. 

Awry, a-rl*, adj., writAed; twisted ; crooked; un- 
even. [A.S. writkoH, to writhe or twist] 

Aa». aks, n. an instnunent for hevrinff or choDoinff. 
[A.S. aex; L. ascia ; Gr. axini^ "^^ 

Azifla. aks'jrum, n, that which is taken Jorgruftied 
as the basis of demonstnuion ; a seUnevident 
truth. [Gr. tueiihma, from axiod, to think or 
deem worth, to take for granted.]— <s^>. azio- 
auS'lo^ axiMMitlaaL— «</9. aaknatrieally. 

Azl% aksls, n., ike axle or line, real or imaginary, 
on which a body revolves. [L. axis; Guaxou; 
A.S. «x; Sans. acksa.}-adj. azlaL 

axla, aksl, aacl»«ra«^ aksl-trC, ». the pb or rod in 
the nave of a wheel on which the wheel turns. 
[A.S. «jr, eax, and Traa.] See Aals. 

Ay, Aya, I, adv., yea; yes; indeed. [A.S. gea, 
gese, Ger. Ja, yes.] 

Ayah, ft'ya, n. a native Indian waiting-maid or 

nurse. [Sp. aya, a governess.] 
Aya^ ft, adv. always; ever ; for ever. [A.S. Ava, 

a. Ger. >, ever; L. aevum, an age; Gr. aiet, 

always, asM, an age.] 
AliBall^ azl-muth, n. the arc of the horizon be* 

tween the meridian of a place and a vertical 

circle paaing through any celestial body. [Ar. 

alsamt, the direction.] 

ioli^ a-sOt'f n. nitrogen, which is destructive to 

animal l^. [Gr. a, not, ndtikos, tnaintaiT^ing 

life-HMJ, to m^.y—adj. aaoVls. 

an% ft'shur, adj. of a faint blue; sky-coloured.— > 

n. a delicate bhie colour ; the sky. [Fr. OMur. 

blue ; It aMsstroi L. {lapis, the stone) laxUU^ 

sapphire ; Pers. laxur.'l 
«i, A'shOrd, adj. of an azure colour. 

Baa, \A,n.,tkecry ^a skeep.—v.i. to cry or bleat 
as a sheep. 

Babbla, babH v.i. to speak like a baby; to talk 
childishly ; to tell secrets.— v./. to prate ; to utter ; 
—Pr.f. bal/bling !>«./. baVbled. [Fr. babiller; 
Dutdi, babelen; Or. bakaa9, from la, ba, repre- 
senting the first attempts of a child to speak.] 

haMIa^ babOO, babblamoai bab1>l-ment, MbMtaft 
babi}ling, n. idle senseless talk. 

tabklor. balfblir, n., one wko babbles, 

BaiH bfib, Baky, bAlji, m. an infant; a child. [Ba, 

ba. See Babble.] 
babyhood, bAlu-hood. n., the state iff being a baby, 
babylsl^ baln-ish, adj., like a bafyi childish. 
Babal, barbel, n., cotffitsion; disorder. [Hcb. Babel^ 

where the language of man was ccmfounded.] 
-Baboon, ba-bOOn', n. a R>eciea of large monkeys 

having a short tail, a long face, dog-like tusks, 

and large lips, [Fr. babomn—babines, die lips 

of a beast ; probably from ba, the sound made 

by the colUston of the lips.] 
Baby. SeeBabai 
Bacwbanal, baklca-nal, BaflrbawaMan, bak-ka-nAli-an, 

n. a worshipper of Bacchus; one who indulges in 

drunken revels. — euf;. relating to drunken revels. 

[L. Bacckus, Gr. Bacckos, the god of wine.] 
Barmbanalta, bsJc-ka-nftli-a, Bafwhaaals, bakTca-nals, 

n.pL orig.> feasts in honour ot Bacchus; drunken 


flta. f&r: mS. \tkxt nlbAt asBtes siDIa: nflBn: ikeau 


BMhtlor, bMh'd-or, n,, m, ynmg man; an vn^ 
nuurried man ; a person who his taken the first 
or lowest degree at a univer«ty. [Fr. hacM^- 
lUr, a young man, prob. from "Wlbachgtn, a boy 
-Utch, Utde.}-!!. baeb'donddp. 

Baok, bak, i». the hinder part of the body in man, 
and the upper part in beasts ; the hinder part. — 
mdv, to the place from wliich a thin^ or person 
a romer state, or time ; behmd; again. 



came; to 

[A.S. bmtc; 8w. 6mk; Dan. hag.^ 
iMdk, bak, v.U to get on the h€uk of; to stand at 

the imk of; to 1^ ; to put backwards.^«.£ to 

moTe or go back >~j^^. back^ ; At^. backed'. 
teckMta, bak^It, 9 J,, U bit* at the Mol of; to 

speak evil of any one behind his badt :-^.>. 

backn^Eting.-«»«. baek'blter, baaTMtlBg. 
baekallde, bak-alld', v.fL, to tUdt back; to fall away 

in morals or religion.— «^. or h, taafeiUdlaff. 
MkilMsr, T " 


baskslMsr, balt«lld'er, »., #«# who baekiUdes; an 

backward, bak'ward, te^waxdi, bak'warda^ a/v., 
towards tht hack or the past ; with the back in 

backward, bakNranL €u^., koffing hack; behind; 

BarkgiiBinoii, bak-gam'un, n.^a tray-game ; a game 
layed with a box and dice, on a board or table. 

late ; unwilGng ; slow ; stupid.— ^v. back'wardly. 

Irgsiamwi. bak 

[Dsin. hakkot a tray, gummen, a game.] 
Bacon, bftlcn. h. swine's flesh salted or pickled, and 
dried, [old Ft. ; old Dutch, baecko, a pig.] 

Bad, bad, a4/\ ill, or evil ; not good ; wicked ; hurt- 
ful : — co9n^, won* ; m^L worst.— i»/p. badly.— 
M. bad'aciB. [Pers. hudt bad.] 

Bads^ bad— did bid— past tense of Bid. 

Badg% bad. m. lit. « JmtcM ; a mark or sgn by which 
one is Imown or distinguished. [Ger. bain, a 
coaiM patch; £. botch, ^atck: perhaps con- 
nected with A.S. beag, a crown, a garland.] 

Badger, ha^'ht, is. lit. /Ar eom^UaUr; a burrowing 
animalj about the use of a fox, easerly hunted 

and baited by dogs, [bkulger, Uadier^ coirup- 

tion of low L. MNMrnw, a com^ealer, toe 

animal having been popularly supposed to store 

up com for the winter.] 
badger, baj'te, v,t. to pursue with eagemcis, as the 

badger u hunted; to pest^ or worry. 
Badlaagib badln-ath. is., Ki^ or iUxfid talk; 

banter. [F^.—AkOw, a jester.] 
BbAs^ baffi, vJ, to mock, ehida or dtfiBat by arti* 

fice or trickery; to balk; to frustrate s->r.>. 

baffling ; ^mJk^ baffled. [Fr. b^^Ur, to deceit, 

mock ; It. ^c^, a scoffing.] 
Bag, bag, is. that which htlgu or belUet out; a 

sadc or pouch. [A.S. baolr: OaeL balg.\ 
bag. bag, vJ. to put into a bag.— o.(^ to swaU out 

like a bag i—^.^. bag'ging ; /«./. baaged'. 
bagging, bag^ng, n, doth or material forbaga. 
bsgplp^ bag'pto^ IS. a mudcal wind-instrument, 

consisting of a leathern bag which acts as a 

bellows, and>i^/.~^ bag'pVtr. 
Bagatdto, bag-a^teT. n., m triJU; a game played on 

a Uble with 9 balls and a cue. [Fr.; It. bt^a- 

tcua, a conjuror's trick, a trifle.] 
Baggage^ bag'^, «. 

army; luggage. 

rings, ffoolu;Ice..^..xr.<m.w.,»»^, ««Mi^wa 

typo of value.}— a worthless woman ; a saucy 

female. [Fir. bagmsot, Ar. bagi^ a strumpet] 
BalL bil, «k one who acta as iuior of a person 

charged with an ofience, and gives security for 

ri^ teappeaiance at court; dia aacutitv ghcn. 

i-n trr^ bajulus, a tutor, orig. a bearer.] 

«•«. bfi], »./. to give security for an offender's iw 
J^peanuice at court; to set free on security 
DCing given; to give goods to the cbane of a 
person ;— /^r.^. bailing ; /».>. bailed'. 

bailable, teTa-fil. a^/.TO^fmay bo baiU, 

baillfl; ballf, n. m. one who has things put into his 
bail or control ; a lessee or deputy ; an ag%nt or 
steward ; a sheriffs ofHcer. 

bsjyadWL bttTi-wik. »., tkoJurUdiciioH ofm baUig. 
\baiUgr, and A.S. tiffe, a dwelling, a villagcT^ 

Bans, bAls, «^. in cricket, orlg. the wickets : the 
Uttle sticks on the top of the wickets. [Fr. hmiUe, 
palisade^ perhaps the same asfals^ m.] 

Bsit, b&t, IS. food put on a hook to allure fish or 
make Uiem^ftto; any aUuremeot; a hasty refresh- 
ment taken on a Journey.— v./. to set food as a 
lure ; to give refreshment on a Journey.— to 
take refreshment on a joumev \-fr,p, baiting ; 
AS.A bailed. [A.S.ArfeAtic,tobait,fromrootofBMs.] 

bsM» bit, v./. to provoke an animal by ladting 
dogs to ^iVlr it ; to attack ; to harass. [loe. Im^j 

Baia^ bOs, ». a coarse woollen doth. [7] 

Baki^ bdk, o./. to dry, harden, or cook by the koai 
of the sun or of fire ; to prepare food in an oven : 
-^.>.b*Urtng: ^./.Mked', orbak'en. [A.& 
bacan, Ger. backoH, to bake ; Ger. AxAm^ Ice. 
btika, to heat] 

bakiboass, baklious, bakscy, bOk'to-f, m. a place 
used for baking in. 

baker, biUc'ir, n,,om tuko baket bread, ftc. 

baUag, baking, is. die quantity baked. 

Balance^ baFans, n. an instrument for wekhing, 
formed of two dUhct or scales hanging frcMn a 
beam supported in the middle; equality ol 
weight, power, or influence ; the sum due on an 
account. [Fr. bataMco; L. bilanx. having two 
scales— Mr, double, lamjt, Umcio, a dish or acala.] 

balaaes^ baTans, v./. to weigh in a bmlomco; to 
make equal ; to regulate or a4hsBt; to settle an 
account.— v.tL to have equal weight or power, 
&C. : to hesitate or fluctuata >-^^» baTandng 1 
pa.^, baFanoed. 

Bslseay, ballcO-ni, is. a platfbrm or gallery outside 
the window of a house. [It balcom ; Fr. bakom t 
A.S. bakm, a beam, a balcony i or from tow L. 
bafbtcana-^Ptn, t Ma M am a, an upper chamber.] 

BaU, bawld, ^J,, bawt, nakod; without hair 
on the head; without the natural covering; 
unadorned; inelegant— mIt. baldlr.-'-ii. bald'* 
asss. [Twsuja^fao, naked, bars ; Dan. baoidot, 
unfledged; Cdt bail, a white noarlc] 

BaMardash, bawfdte-dash, is. anything.Jumbled to- 
gether without judgment : idle aenselesa taDc 
rKTelsh, baUorddi, to babble, talk idly; Gael. 
ba Uarda i c k, a shouting.] 

■sMrtak, bawld'rik. is. a %anfor's bdt; a girdle, 
[old £. bamdrici, a sword-belt; FT. bamrior; 
oM Fr. baMdr^; old Ger. baldorich bald, bdd.] 

Bala^ b2l, n., a ball^ bundle or padcage of goods. 

—v./. to make up ma bale :~^^ billng; /a./^ 

baled'. [See Ban.] 
BalSL bal, v.t. to throw water out (as fhm a boat) 

with z /ail or bowl :-:^,/. bAllng ; >s^. bile<f. 

[Fr. bailie: Dan. baUe; Gael As^&hs a paH] 
Balafai, bOTfool, adj.,/idlo/bale: fuU of mischief, 

misery, or sorrow ; destructive.— a/v. bale'faUy. 

[obs. S. bale, A.S. bemlo, Ice. bil, woe, evil] 
Wiik, bawk, «. lit a ridge oi land left uiq;dougfaed 

fftt% fir; Bl^ bdri mlnei aOtt{ maia; nOOni tkmu 


^wtM terows t anything puttd ov«r or qb- 
Acconpubed ; a <fisappointment— v.l^ ^Ml'f 
fvtr: to <fiWOg» ''^ firastiatc r^^^: haSkf- 


mdL bawL i*. any mmd body : a cIoIm ; a buQet 
[Fr. iir; It. SaUa; low Get. &/; h'^OaA 

JMi/7; a iphn-icail hoflow body; a larft bag 
fiDed with gas or heated air to make It ascend. 
rft.l<f<K*footr b a U fc i^fr ,aball«3 
MM bafol, A. « Hi^ i^ or ticket used in 
"volk«: act or lectvt Toting by potting a ball or 
tidca m a ballol-box.— rZ to vote by ballott— 
>r^.beirotingt/«.>.bairoted. [Vr.MloiU,] 

HB, bawl, IB. aa entertainment of dsmeiiti, [Fr. 
la/.* It UUtH-Aaw l^ Mian, to dano»~Gr. 

tslMk ballad, *. otig. K song stm^ In dancing {a 

short nairatxve poem; a popular song. [It. 

AsAite* from imUmrw,^ 
Mi^ baPU, m^ a UUit Utt; a theatrical scene 

acted in daaang: a kind of dramatic poem. 

[Fr. balUt; IL Smiimim' Anlimrt.] 

bsnast, js. \ load of heayy sutler out ia 

the bottom of a ship to keep it sisady, wl 
tei no csn* ; that which is ased lo make any< 
Oisg steady.->w./. to k)ad with ballast; to 
make or keep steady :-:/r.>. ballastiag ; /»>. 
bsrbsted. (A.S.i»/,aboat,A/f»Afl*^aload: 
or DutdulM/Zari; fromAwiL and Celt AsA btal, 
Ssss. MwK sand: ace. to Wedgwood, from 
Dan. hag4etit bock-load.] 

■iHim. Fnlf-* See wider Ban. 

Mb^ bim, IB. a oontr. of bamm (which ste) ; an 
sra^oic plant; anything that heab or soothes 
mm. [Fr. baimu; t,. I m / m m m m ; Or. imimmm.] 


liT — . bawTsam, «. a shrub; aa aromatic sub- 
stance Aowiag €rom certain trsesj a soothing 
ointment ; anything that soothes pam. 

MwBlSp baUamlk, at(f\, ^or likt halsam ; bahay. 

Bilartw, baKu»tAr, n, a small column used as a 
■qiport to the rail of a stalrcassL ftc (Fr. Aa/> 
mtrt; L. hmUmfimm: Gr. hmlamtum^ the 
lower of the poBMgxanat% from the similanty of 
UxulY-^, baTMliied. [by a raU. 

lslBrttsi% baTus-lrJU], m, a tow of AaA»ilrrr joined 

BsBbos^ bam-URf, «• an Indian phmt of the reed 
kind, with hoUow jointed stems and a hard 
woody texture. (Maky, hmtmht.) 

ftuibsosis, bam-bOO'sl* 9.2. to deoeiTe» to con f ound, 

•m, ban,«., m ^r^ciam m iwm ; interdiotioat cuna. 

Iwill^ ban'dit, m^ one $4mi»ksd or put under the 

itt« of the kw; an outlaw; a robber.-^/. 

baa'4tls or bsadlf «L [It. bandit^-\cm U ^0»- 

Ktfv, hmttdire, to proclaim— Bsa.] rmarriage. 
buM, bsBS, bans, «I^, ^rveUmaticH of intended 

MM, Dana, n. inac wmcn omat logecner; a u^ 
cord, orchahu [A.S. handn—Hndrtn, to bind.] 

liB^ band, n. a number of persons AMMif together 
for a puipose ; a coDpanyw— in ^.. a body of sd* 
diers.— v./. to bind together.— <^f. to associate : 
-:/r.>. banding ; >a./. iband'ed. [also given 
fromlow L. ba mdmm , a banner.] 

luAsii^ band^O, ^ » ttrip of doth used to Hud 


up a wound or fractiuo.— v./. to bind with a 

"■**'■«• '"^Z- ^»»^Vnt I A^^. bandaged. 

bindboz, bandltoka, n, a sfi^t paper b0x for hold- 
ing kttkUt caps, bonnets, &C. 

Bsadtl See under Bsa. 

BMidy, ban'di, ». a club Am/ at the end lor stiik- 
bg a ball ; a game at ball with such a duK— 
v./. to beat to and fro as with a bandy ; to retort 
In language like playing at bandy.— w.^ to con* 
tend, as at bandy:— ^>. bairdying; >a>. 
Wdied. [FV.A«iirr,tobind.] 

bsadrlHItd, ban'di4eg4, a^; having l*ni or 
crooked AofT* 

BsM^ bin, «., datntcHm: death ; mischief; poison. 
[A.S. ianm: Ice. Soma, to slay.] 

bsasfll, b&n'fool, a^.. JiM ^kuti; 
destructive.— tfifv.baarfiUy. 

•sa^ bang, «., mkmvybUn/^—vA, tobeat ; to strika 
violently ^-^;/. banging ; /a^ l^^SlPd'. [an 
imitation of the sound of a blow— Sw. htmgt 
Goth, hmt^m: Sw. and loa. huikm, to strike.] 

Bsalaa, a form of Bsayaa. 

Bsalih, banish, vJ, to put under a Imn; to con- 
demn to leave the country; to drive away:— 
pr.p. banishing ;./«.>. hainshed. [Fr. hmtmir-' 
low L. boHMirt. to proclaim.1 See Baa. 

banlibawnt^ banlih-men^ n., tkt met ^hmnitkhigt 
tin state of being banished. 

Bsaiiter» banls-tte, «. corrupted from Balislv. 
leak, bangk^ »., « wm nt t d ot ridgt ^ tmrth; tfaa 

ground rising from a rivar. hke. fte. ; a shoaL— 

»./. to raise a banki-^/. banking; >•>. 

banked'. [A.S. kmm: Oer. immk: Ice. Autib; 

a bank, the bade of a kaifa— proh. trom Ba*.] 

Bsak, faansit, »., « htneh or ttai; a place where 
money u deposited.— v./. to put numey in a 
bank:--M^ banking: >a^ banked'. [Fr. 
hanci It. kmm^t a bench on which the Venetian 
moneychangers displayed their money, a count- 
ing-house ; A.8* lame, a bench.] 

bsaksr, banghfte, ii., 0m Vfho kgipt m, hank, 

taaklai, bangklng, a4f\, /triamit^ip a ' 
the businem of a banlnr. 

bsaknvl, bangk'rupt, m, lit one whose ifock or 
bttsiaett b hvktm V; one who becooies unable 
to pay just debts. ai(f, uiuble to pay just debts. 
{Eiak, and L. rM^/M«,brokeiL] 

bsakmptey, banglmipt'd, n., tUUt ^fhemg^ or act 
of becoming ham kr%p t, 

Bsimer, ban'nir, ». a mark or tifn tor troops to 
rally round; a square flag; inihtanrstandAni:a 
flag or ensign. [Fr. kt nn iifr ■ pr ob. from Goth. 
btmdv0, a sign made by btadrng the head or 
hand i or ftooi It iandm. a strip (^doth.1 

bsinnril. ban'n^r^t, »., « iittU hamtur; a higher 
dass of knight inferior to a baron. 
See under Baa. 

baagltwet, ». lit « VStf/Zr ArMrA or table t 
a feast; a grand entertainment; anything de- 
lightful.— v./. to ^ve a feast to.— 9.^ to fiure 
Bumptuouslv: hi A, to drink:— ^./. ban'que^ 
bkz ', Pa.p, ban'aueted. [Fr.— It AMclrMr, dim. 
<i€kmc0, a benoi or table.] 
See under Ban. 

Bantath, ban'tam, j*.^a verr small variety of the 
commoa fowl, originally Drought from the East 
Indies; and supposed to denve its name from 
SatUam in ]vm,—ad/, of the Bantam breed. 

Banter, banl'tto, v,t, to play upon good4uBMraredlv 
in words; to rally; to joke or jest ati-VM^ 

fitta^ftrf iBllhte; mlMjaiDtas mflla; oiOQbi tkta. 


tp(riup>Tnnirr.A>^teA-,[g](i;rnlh.] . 
■■■Ill, Wnrlini, ■. ■ chiU ' - ~- - 

BiUH- bu'rui, n. Uw Indiu fii- 

Bcutcba »«nd dovn ihooti, irhich id.— , 

■Dd anai UimiKlKt ov« ■ luji im. [peril. 
rmnSuu./iHjv, iBcnd, the tree beinf ■ohdd.J 


■wNa, biI(i-II(\F, 

tarlWi.' bip'tinii' ■>^ .ii 

M Mon)i<y-lr 


kd "^rc* from Ihe 

a or ipririkJiDE 

nlijpiiiu c(ninoDT.~->i4'. bap- 

KpprovH mlr of Bduli , „. 

tMMWTi ba)/lU-uH, a. ■ pluca loc UptUbs. 
■u.Ur.a. lit. ■<«>«<*; i lod of uir lolid ni 

iLum ; A hindnttncB or obMructHm ; a boll ; 

|iu ; u cndoHd plica ' ' 

: lu Aim 

■'Uri Cult! W, th< top, ■ 

kunt bu'el, K. B itHiDd woodon cuk Buda of 
^n or itani : uyllilnE 1ob( ud hollow.— v.r. 

Mii-mSarctSTr"' "■'■ 

kuMMM bu-rUlciiT, ■. ■AarotshBrvcdoo; ifor- 
tlficadoa mad! Id fauu to Vnf off u lUmck.— 
f.l. U> uop up i to obalnict i to forlifji -.—/r^, 

tUTlB, bu'tUr, R., a tmr; ■ dsfgnca (ninil U- 
tBckiiUmlI;>bouDduy. [Ft. A>»«>*.] 

^•ada ■! Uh for ofu Eofliih liir«ouit. 

tr^, or that vhich rnn liko, o( 
It: tha ttatd-IOK Jai on ttia 
>*, liih-hook, tkc.-e.<. lo am 
^.UjV\at: f^.UAti. [Fr. 

. fmfa-watv fiih, 10 called from 

^ CD IB month. 

. oaa oho iharei ttmrJi. la 

. (Fr. tmrti: old 

>, ^oM™! Uinn-luui, I*, -a 

a doluca Worn ■ lata or bridxE. How l! 
UftfM^ SKJL frvm Pm. tmlmOmmi, upper 
dkambor.] Sw fcliiij. 
■utaitaa. Ur-U'H.ui, aJf. (appliad by Ibo Gnda 
la thoaa i piMUn f a unfVAfa Dot uHcUicible 
10 ihvmj: fontijpi; without rafinem^l; rclat. 

iu (0 lavuei; rudt; landiilueil *. oni who 

blwtHrian. )L. tartmrMi; Gr. tofow— 
Av. tar, an imiutioa of uniDKlligihle touodi.] 
tai*«h lAi^bai^ m^f. ftt^n : undvilIanL 
kaitaria^ Uu^r-h, v.l. to^nako harbartaai- 

oftpHcli. ' " 

taiiaJAV. Ur-UrK a. _. 

■Htaw. 'secaactHaa. 

■aid, bint, h. a poet aDd liivcr of the tada 

Cda;apacl. llr. aod GaaT; W. Jian^/.] 
■idli, blnfiii,*^'., mlUuf uJvatior pociTT. 

■an blr— bore ; did bcai^-pui time of itmt. 
Baifiti. bl/fiiL m. a trnfficUnf; a csatrad or 
acTcemeDt J tha thing bought or aold ; a |rafii- 

■jremienl :— /n>. bm'gazniDg ; jM.>. ba/nined. 
[Fr. 4d>rii^rwr, to hiigle ; prab. From loir I_ 
AaPEwnunr— AarfO, a trmdin^ boat.] 

■atma, ba-rilla, a. the atkilino aih of lenna 
growioff chiefly oi 

ihorei of SpaiD, ua 

[Sp. v«*i£T 

fchlik, ■ 


'. [Dan. I 


fmJw cffvervt£ of a Crea, 
J bail :—^J. baik^uc ; 


' b)' a doe, nlf. &c. 


cry lihe a dog; ,-_-. 

../•/. barind'. [A.S.jHm^ fionsii 

{nutation of the aouod.] 
Ml. ■utM ,blik. iL, > fctr^f; a ihip ofnutl 

old Fr. iarp! Der. and Dan. JB/iti; Sp., It., 
bain btij, ■., stiri; a boat axi in the unload- 

■aiii7. bSTli, n ifBui-fl^l; a grain used for 
food, but chiefly for nuking mafi. [A.S. Urr ; 
W, ianTrj— *«w, br™d, ^r, a plant] 

■■fa, Uim, fr. yejut ; the Icum that riaea upm 
CA.5. ittim fc«i — , Amu, tabeai.J 

■uD, him. K.,s timajtr imrity; a buDdhig ia 
irhicbinin,ha7,ac.,amiored. [A.S. ^rrrniu 
contiactBi im i m , buiey. nn, a place.) 

kfaad^ bb'na.U. ■. a ihell-flih with a«/-ihapw] 
aheU, which adhere to the bottomi and sdei of 
ahipL (Fr, tmntmJkr; Gael. AurwcKt; Uaii^ 

_ i""^*, a limpet— iajni, a op.] 

by which the weight of the ■> . , 
— ■* — ■* changes of weaiiher inifi- 



teMMl^ InrVm-el, m,, a Uuer hmrmt a title of 
boaoaroexttothatofabaroo; the lowest hef«- 
ditaf7 tide in England.— tenoeUc^ bar'on^-dij, 
IK. the wfaok body of baronets. 

r, bau'oo-et-d, ». the rank of a baronet. 

ba-rOOsh', *. orif. « iukhwhteUd eat^ 
rUrt; a doable-seated Tour-wheeled carriage, 
witn a Ming top. [It. bmrrod0—\*, hirotmt, 
two-vhec]ed-4w» twice, rota, a wheel.] 
ir^sa SeeBsilL 

snack, bar^dc, li. fit a kui made of branches; 
s bmHtPg in which soldiers are lodged. [Gad. 
Smr rmc k m<i Aa rmc*, branches.] 
See under Bsr. 

baz'ren, m£j. nnbearing; onfruitAil ; duIL— 
n'tmrnam. [old Fr. briJUugntf harmgng,'\ 
inlsr» Baixlstsr. See under Bsr. 
Bamw, bai'rO, m, a small hand or wheel-carriage, 
used to btar or coarej a load. [A.S. Ar^wwr— 
iermM, to bear.] 
Banev. bai'rO, m, a mound rsused over graTes to 
>fvtf«r/them. iA.S.i *vr - k Ar g/ g« i» , to protect] 
Bsrt«, bii'tte, v./. to give one thing in exchange 
for another.— v.«. to trafl&c by exchanging :— 
/r./. baz'tering: /a./, bai'tered.— «. traffic by 
ezannge of commoaities. [old Fr. baret*r.'\ 
Bizyts, ba-if ta, Baiytssk ba-if tCx, n, the Afovksi 
of the earths.— «d>: Wiyfle. [Gr. Baryt, heavy.] 
Bsfftoas, bai^-tOn, m,, a detf ten*; a male voices 
the compass of whi^ Hes oetween the bass and 
tenor. [Gr. bary*^ heavy, deep, /mmt, tone.] 
ItMlt, ba-sawlt', «*. a hard, dark-coloured rock, of 
isneoos origin. — mdj, baasll^ [L. btualtes (an 
African word), a marble found in Ethiopia.] 

liM^ bis, «. lit. a stepfing; that on which one 
steps, or on which a thing rests ; foot ; bottom ; 
jaundatirm ; support ; the chief ingredient.— «^./. 
to £Bund or place on a base } 
bised'. \Ui ~ " 


taMMBi, bis'ment^ h, the ground-floor of a building, 
ksria bftsls, ft. same as Bass. /^ baaait hAs'es. 
liM^ bSs, adj.f lew in place, value, estimation, or 

principle ; mean ; vile ; worthless : in New Test, 

hombte, lowly.— Wv. baasly. — h, baas'asas. [Fk*. 

Mr; lx..bau0; low L. AdUMr— Gr. btuis.l See 

BMi above. 
bsHk bBs. n. tlie Uwtti part in music 
kfunoa, bas-sOOn', is. a musical wind-instnunent of 

s iast or very low note. 
IsTiUf. bas-r6-l€f, bas-rsllst hS-, »., low nUef; 

VDLKmlHun, figures which do not stand far out 

fiem the jnound on which they are formed. [It 

imtw,ri&v»,} SeenHsl 

BsAaw, ba-a^V, m. a Turldsh title of honour 
given to vioerojrs aiMl other distinguished men ; 
a pnrod tyrannical person. See faeh^ 

9utM, basfa'fbol, «i&., tmsify c^nfiutd; modest; 
ifay: wanting co n fidenc e .— adv. taaliYiIly. — m. 
taJj^ftlmsB [from root of Abadt] 

t ii fflrs, ba-rin-ka, ». orig. a hall in which the 
i(M^ administered the laws ; anumg the Romans, 
also a market-place, mai^ of which were afteiw 
wards c o n v ert ed into' Christian churches ; a large 
church. IQr. ttuslM—iasiUtu, ^Ving.} 

Bsdllik. bax^-isk, is. lit /A# AiVr^ 0/ ttrienUi% 
fidmlous serpent having a crest on its nead lake 
a crown ; in modem xoolo^, a genus of crested 
K — 1- ^^ h mntuHi , dun. dotuiltm, a king.] 

place onabase >-fr.p. bOi^g : At./, 
and Gr. hoMU—StwU, to step.] 
I, €ulj.t without a host or founcuttion. 

BaalB, ba'sn, is. a wide, open veaiei or dish ; any 
hoUow puce; a dock; the area drained br a 
river. [Fr. hastim; It iacmo; Dutch, Sacm.) 

Basis. SeeBass. 

Bask, bask, v.i, to lie in-llie warmtA or sunshine. 
— v.t. to warm by ejqwsure to heat:— /r.y. 
^">sl^K i A*>>* hasked'. [from the root of Baka.] 

Bartst, ba/ket n, a vessel made of twigs, tuMkta 
or other flexible materials imttrwovtH, [W. 
bmsg Hl ^y , netting.] 

Baai^ in music See Bass. 

Baai^ has, n. a mat made o£iatt (which see). 

B asssBi, B sss r s llsf . See under Bass. 

Bart, bast, m. the inner bark of the lime-tree; mat- 
ting made of it [Dan., Sw., Ger., A.S. imst.} 

Bastard, bastard, is. a child bom of parents not 
married. » t ij . not genuine [Gael. Saot^ lust] 

bastanMss^ bas'tard-lx, v.t, to prove to be a bastard : 
— >r.>. bas'tardtnng ; /a./, ba^tardbed. 

bastardy, bas'tard-i, ». state of being a bastard. 

Basis, bkst v.t., to put togttker the pieces of 
a garment by prepanUory stitching; to sew 
slightly :-^.>. hftMlng; pa.p. bSst'ed. [It 
and Sp. oasta, a long stitch ; Sp. batttmr, Fr. 
bdutir, bdtir, to baste, to put together, to build.] 
bast v.t, to boat with a haton or stick : to 
basis sasa t, orig. to rab the meat while roasting 
with a stick covered with fat ; now, to drop fat 
or butter over the meat i—pr.p. bAst^g ; /«.>. 
bOst'ed. [loc beysta, Dan. Ustt, Sw. Bdsta, 
to beat— prob. in unitation of the sound.] 

bat'on, baleea, bat-tOOn', is. a staff or 
truncheon ; a marshal's staJSF. [Fr. bAiom, 
boston, from root of Basis, to beat] 

bastJnads. bas-ti-nfld', Iwathiada, bas-ti-nft'do, v.t, 
to btiU with a batoM or stick on the soles of the 
feet >-pr.p. bastinftd'ing ; /a./, bastinftd'ed.— «. 
a basMaads', basttaa'do, or baattsadlac. [Sp. bmf 
tomada, Fr. bast o t m nd o ba s tom, bdtom.) 

ba^sa, bat'n, n,, a/ieco of wood or board from a to 

L inches wide, and from i to li thick.— v./. to 
sten or form with battens:—^./, batt'ening; 

Ar.>. batt'ened. [Fr. Adi^Mt.] 
Baslloa, bast'yim, n. a mass ^ earth or masonry, 

sot «r> at the angles of a fortification for pur> 

poses of defence. [Fr. aiul Sp. from Fr. btutir, 

bdtir, to set up, to build.] 
Bat, ba^ n a heavy stick used for bomttMr or 

striking; a flat dub for striking the bail in 

cricket— v.t. to play with a bat :— ^.>. batt'ing ; 

/a >. batt'ed. [A. S., Gael bat, root of Bsal.] 
ballst batlet «•« « small bat or square piece of 

wood with a handle for beating linen. 
Irfl*'-"**. bats'man, m, one who widds the bat at 

cricket, &c 
Bat, bat »• An animal having a body like a mouse. 

but with wings attached to iu fore-feet [old 

E. and Scot baJk, baeke; Sw. bacAa.} 
Baldi, bach, m. the quantity of bread baksd, or of 

anything made, at one tune, [from Baka] 
Bats^ bftt v.t, same as Abate. 
Bath, bath, «. the husest Jewish liquid measure = 

about 8 gallons. [Heb., mraning 'measured.*] 

, blM, v.t, orig. to wash in warm or lot 

water; to wash or moisten with any liquid.— v.t. 

to be or lie in water :--Pr^, btthfing; Atj/. 

bathed'.— «. a baths. iA,S,batAsam: lot, badk; 

Ger. badtn—bdAon, to waixo.] 
balk, badi, m, a place to bmtAo in; a bathing; •• 

r,dun. of Awt;2ntf,aking.] batli, bath, m, a place to 
flUe, fbr; mf, hte; mIlM;mOI«; milte; mOOn; Men. 



for Uthinc!ii.-^.btll«, UMs. IA.S. I 
itutA; loe., Sw.ri>utch, and Ger. bad,] \ 

Baltet, bi'thof, m, ^.tifMrnrinnottrri aludlcroot 
descent from the elevated to the mean in writing 
or speech. [Gr. taiMot, dspfhr-iatfys, deep.] 
See under Bat. 
See tmder BMto. 
J ba-CrJLld-an, adj. pertaining to anJaaab 
9fthtfr^ tribe, [mm Gr. batruckos, a frog.] 

BattaUen. SeeBattla. 

Battio, bat'n, v.L lit to get heiUrt to thrire ; to 
become fat— cr./. to make fat:— /r./. batt'en- 
>°g : >«•>• battfened. [D. bai^ root of BsMir.] 

BaMM, bat'iU «. a board. See mtder Butt. 

Batlir, bat'tir, v.i, to beat dewn : to beat with 
■ nccwi ve blows ; to wear with beating or by 
use ; to attadc with artillery :—j^n/. bartering ; 
Ai.>. bat'tered. [It« baiUrt; ft. battrt; L. 
oatluert. fitm root A«/, a blow. See Bat] 

batlMV bat^t^, n. ingredients beaten together with 
some liquid into a paste. 

taltwiag raa^ batf^-ing-ram, n* an andent engine 
for bait*ri$tg down walls, consisting of a large 
beam with a head of iron like that of a ramt 
suspended in a frame. 

tafttvy, bat'tte-L m. act KAbaHtrtHg; a number of 
cannon with toeir appiartenanoes ; the i^aoe on 
which aumoa are mounted; the men and hmses 
attending the guns; an instmmcnt used in elec- 
tric and galvanic experiments ; m l aw an as- 
sault by Ma/M^ or wounding. 

BaUla, batO, m a fight; a hostile encounter: a 
contest— «./. to nsht against ; to strug^ :— 
>r^ and n. battling: MA battled. [Fr. 
bai9ilU, from battre, to beat. See Batt«.] 

b s — s M on, bat-tal'yui, «. orig. a bodv of men ar- 
rayed for battki a body of foot-sokdiers of from 
9DO to zooomen. [Fr. baimiilatt,^ 

Batttodon^ B a ttt sassr , batldOr, n. % bat used to 
9trikt a ball or shuttle-cock. [Sp. baiad^, % 
washing beetle, from Bal] 

BattkoMBt^ batl-ment, «. a paimpet ^th embrasures 
on the top of a buildinfl^ orig. used only on forti- 
fications. [It baittuinert—baitagUa^ a battle : 
or Fr. batHUi, batiUf, buUt as a fortress.] 

Battas, bat'tOO, «. a btatimg^ «r> of game. [JV.— 
/a/ffv, to beat] 

BawUa, Banbto, bawltl, n. a bab/t ^laytkmg: a 
trifling piece of finery; a gewgaw or trifle. [Fr. 
babtaig, a trifle, from root of Babe.] 

Bawd, bawd, «• a procurer or procuress of women 
for lewd purposes. — v.i. to procure or provide 
women for lewd purposes, [old F^. bmtde, bc^d, 
wanton ; W. bam, filth.] 

bawdy, bawdl, a4f, Jilt^; obscene ; unchaste.— 

Bawl, bawl, 9.£, ia btOem: U skami or cry out 
loudly ^->r.>. and n. bawKng ; /a>. bawled'.^ 
n, bawiW. XA.S. beUan, to roar; Ice. bat$la, 
to bellow, from &nv, imitative of a shout] 

Bajr, bl, «C^ veddish-brown incKmng to chestnut 

[TrTbai: L. badim: Gr. bait,\ 
bayard, biflrd. n, a bay hone. 

Bay^ bo, ». the laurel-tree, so called from its bearing 
bi^ or btrritt, [Fr. Amp— L. baccm, a barry.] 

Bay, bl, «., « Arm^£v of the shore ; an arm of the 
sea. [Fr.a«s«r;I>utchjAM/,^^—, 
to bend; A.S. bigt—btgrnn, to bend: also given 
from Fr. &^r«r, to gape, to open the mouth.] 


"^-^iadew, bftpwin'dO, n., a windaw pct(fectiag sd 

M to form a bay or space witlUn. 
*^, bi, v.i-t U bark, as a dog at his game. — 

vj, to bark at :— /^> and m. baling ; >t./. 

bayed', [old Fr. abbayer; It haiart: froax 

the sound.] 
Bay, bl, «.act fAwaickingjx keeinng in difdr, 

as in— iS0 kttp at bay. [Fr. baytr, old Vt. batr, 

to gape, to watch. See Abash.] 
Bayoost, b&'on-et, ». a short dagger fiixed on die 

end of a musket— v./. to stab with a bovonet : — 

fr.f. bay'ooeting ; pa.p. ba/oneted. [Fr. bmian- 

nttte, from Bayotme, mhtn first made or used.] 
Baasar, Basar, ba-sftr^, n. an eastern tmarket-^iae^ 

or exchai»e ; a large hall or suite of rooms for 

the sale of goods. iPers., a market] 
Bdantma, detl-um, n. in B., a predoas stooe^ 

nature unknown. [Heh. bM9iack.1 
Bi^ ba, v.i., t0 livt; to exist; to have n certain 

state or quality : in^., are \--pr.t. 9XCL\jkut. was 

(wos):-^>. being: AM. been (bm). [A.S. 
U0m: GaeLiMr. living: Gr. Mm, hfo, ^kma, L. 
/f*hfyi to be; Sans. A^ to be.] 
bda^ being, M, existence, state^ or condition ; asy 
thing or person existing. 

Bsaoh, bCch, n. the shore of the sea or of a lake ; 
thestrand. [perhaps conne cted with Ice. bakki, 
a bank. SeeBaak.] 

bsaohsd, b&ht «<&*. exposed to the waves; stranded. 

bsaehy, bCch^ at^\, having a beach, 

Bsaeea, belm, m. lit a btckomitig: a fire^ on an 
eminence used as a ngn of danger ; a light to 
direct seamen ; anything that warns of danger. — 
v.t. to act as a beaucon ; to light up '.—-fr.p, bea- 
coning ;>«.>. bea'coned. [A.S. btacttt, a sign, 
a nod — beacHJam, to beckon.] 

Bsad. bed, n. lit 9»m*thing bid kx frayed : n little 
ball pierced for sbinging, used by R. Catholics to 
help tbe memory in counting the / n ij r »» 'J recited ; 
any small ball ; a round moulding. [A.S. bead, 
gthed, a pra y ei' b iJd iim ^ to bid, to pray. SeeBI4.] 

bsadrolL bfidi^ n* among R. Catholics, a rail or 
list of the dead to be /rayed for. 

bsifl— sa, bed/man, n,, a man whc/raytfcK others. 
-.^^^M. bsadS'woaaa. 

Bsalls, bCdL «. a messenger or crier of a court, or 
one who bids or cites persons to appear and 
answer ; a petty oflicer of a churcn, coU^e, 
parish, &c [A.S. hfdel—hidan^ to bid : or from 
3^ wait, beadle thus mraning, a waiter, an 
attendant]—*. bsa'tissldpL 

), bCgU n. a small hound chiefly used in 

hunting nares. [Celt bear, bat, little: or a 
corruption id beadle, from the idea of tracking.] 

, bek, n. anythiitf ending in a feak, pike, or 
P<nntl the bill of a bird. [Fr. bee : Gael beic ; 
A.S. Mie, fi?om root pih, a point] 
bsaksi, b&t, atO'., havtmga beah; ending m a pomC 

Btaksr, bek'er, n. a drinldng-bowl or cup. iQer, 
becher; It bicchiere; low L. bicarimm: Scot. 
bicker: perhaps connected with Bsak from the 
shape of Its mouth.] 

mk, bCm, n. b't the stodc of a tree: a large and 
straight piece of timber, forming one of the 
ynain supDorts of s builoiug, ship, loom. &C. : 
the part of a balance finom which the scales hang : 
the pole of a carriage. [A.S. beam, a tree, a 
stodc of a tree ; Ger. bamm; Dutch, boom.] 
wm, bem, n. astythittfttraight like the stockefa 
tree: a collection of rays of light emitted from 

ate, Or; mChte; bDm; mOto; mate; mOOn; thai. 


a Iwmom body.— v.ll to leiul oat ISAt t to 

rf»>ne:-^.A bcani^r ; /«./. beamedC rA.S. 

imm, a tree, a fay of B^ht, Seamian, to shine.] 
>— J— I besnries, a4r>> fnthomi beams. 
*""f. bemlj «4f: massy i^ « Amm; emittiiig 

beaias: shining. 
bMa^bRtan, M. aAMM; apole by which a sail is 

sl rel t he d ; a chain or bar laid across a harbour. 
Bsaa, bCn, «. the name of several kinds of pulse 

and their seeds. (A,S. Ua»; W.Jjram; Ger. 

Baar. bSr, 9.t,, U cany or sm/4ori; to endure ; to 
maSkt.—9j, to sofier; to be patient; to lean 
agatnst or press >-/r.>. bearliaa'; *a.t bO« ; 
>«.>. b»ne. [A.S. btnm; Goth, lavnm: L. 
>yv; Gt. JJkerd: Sans. M^] 

tear, bar, «./. to brin^ forth yoaag.—v.i, to be 
frmtfol :-T^#. beai'mg ; >«.> bom (bawm). 

biPa-bl, 04^/^ thai can be bvme.^adv. 

r, bif'te, n, a person or thing iJUibean. 
ig;bftr^iag;«. carriage or be&Yiour; situatioo 
of one object vith regard to another. 

Biai; bir, «. a genns ^ rons^ nnld quadrupeds, 
widt long shazgy hahr and hodced daws ; fig. 
any bnital or iO-behaved person ; iaastrvm,, the 
nsuBM of two nonstrllations in tho north, the 
Great and Little Bear. [A.S. bera ; Ger. bdr; 
'L./era^ a wild beast] 

taadiA^ bfirG8h,«4r: having the qualities of a bear. 

Bsard, bCrd, is. tha hair that grows on the chin and 
ad j armt parts ; prickles on the ears of com ; 
the barb of an arrow ; the gills of oysters, ftc. 
—vJ. to take by the beard; to rapose to tho 
feca ^-/r^. bearding; >*/. beard^ [A.& ; 
W. bmrj; Ger. bart: L. batba : perhaps from 
root of Ice. bard, a hp.] [barbed. 

— '--■ benTed, adj' kaving a beard: prickly; 
bCrdles, attj., wiikffut a beard: yoiing. 
best, a. lit. a ereaiwre with being or life ; an 
inational animal ; a four-footed animal ; a brutal 
man : in B., used for any living creature except 
man. (L. bestia; Dutch, beesi; Gael, biast, 
prob. fixHn beo. living.]— ib(f. bsastHka. 

tnsVi.bCstli, adj., Uke a Ami/ in actions or beha- 
viour; brutal; filthy; ob9cene.^M. bsasfltaMa 

taitsi, beatVal, adj., pertaining U or having the 
gnaEties of a beast; brutish; vOe; sensuaL 
[L. bestiaiis.}—adv, bestially.— «i. besllatlty. 

ft ss H i W s ^ best'yal-Is, v.t,, te make like a beast. 

WmM, bet, v.t„ U strike with repeated bltnos: to 
braak or brnise; to tread; to overcome.— «.A to 
pve strokes at Intervals: to throb; to be in 
agitation ; to dash as a flood or storm ^— /r.>. 
and n. beating ; /a,t, beat ; /«.>. beat, beat'en. 
(A.S. beatan, from root bat^ imitative of the soimd 
ofa sharp blow.] See Bat, BaMv, BaStIa, ft& 

bss)^ bet, «. a stndca ; a stroke recurring at intervals 
or its sound, as of the pulse, or a wiuch ; a round 
or course frequently trodden or resorted to. 

ksatir. bet'er, m., one tkat beats or strikes. 

Bmtify, be-atl-ft, v./., te make blessed or happy ; 
to bless with Imppiness in heaven l—pr.p. beati- 
fying ;>«.>. bearified. [L. beatms, uetusd—bee, 
teatmm^ to bless, unA/aeic, to make.] 

baaltta^ bS^-ifik, bMtlieal, be-at-iflk-al, adj, 
haidng power to beatify.— <ufo. keatiflsally. 

b«atlioatto% bS^tpi-fi-ka^hun. n, a dedanidon by 
the Pope thaU a person is blessed in heaven. 

beatttads, bf-atl-tfld^ m., bUsudness; heavenly 
hapfuness, or happmess of the highnt kkd ; in 

luteoos.— 0^9. beaa'tl- 


ft tha virtues pronounced blessed by Christ In 
Matt T. [L. beatitude, from beattaf] 
Bsaa, bo, «. Ajine, guv man, fond of dress ; a lover. 

"^!*?f*^~:^^**°*(^)- IPr. beau, bel 
— L. Mtus, fine, gay— a contraction otbenulus, 
from benus, bonus, good.] 

»aaa4d«J, bO-Me'al, n., ideal excellence, or an 
imaginary standard of perfection. 

beaa-BMmda, bo-mongd', n, the gay or fashionable 
werid. jFr. beau, and mcfuU, worid.] 

beaafty, bCti, «. a pleasing assemblage of qualities in a 
pmonorobject; a particular grace or excdlence; 
a beautiful person. [Fr. bea$tti, from beau. 1 

baaataons, bfl't6-us, adj. Jutt ^beauty; fair ; hand- 
some.— <uftr. baaalsonshr. — m. beaa^ 

beaatifal, bO'ti-fool, <u^beai 

beanttty, btfti-ft, v.t, te make beauH/ul; to grace ; 
to adom.— 9.^ to become beautiful ^-/r.>. 
bcau'tifying ;/«./. beau'lified. Cbtaaty, and L 
yacuf, to make.] 

Beavtr, be'v&r, n, an axnphiUous animal valuable 
for its fur ; the fur of the beaver. [A,S. be/or, 
be^ifer; Ger. bOer; Dan. baever; UySberJ 

Beavtr, be'vir, n, that part of a hdmet which 
covers the face and is movable up and down, so 
as to aUow the wearer te drink. [It bevere; 
old Fr. bevere^L, bibere, to drink.] 

Be-, prefixed to words has usually an intensive 
sifi^cation, but often conveys no additional 
meaning, thus Bedeck has the same meaning as 
peck. For words beginning with Be, not found 
In this dictionary, see tha original word, thus 
for Bedeck, see Deck. 

BeeahB, be-k&m', v.t. to make calm, still, or quiet : 
-^^J^becahnlng; /»./. becahned'. [A.S. be, 

Bssaass, be-kftm'— did become-^o./. of Beooma 
Beeaaa^ he-caws', cen/., by cause or for the cause 
or reason that; for. [A.S. be, hf, and oanaa] 

Beck,bekjM.a<i^withthe^itfyrorhead; anod. 

rA.S. beacen; beacnian, to beckon; Sw. peka, 

Uan.^e'e, to ^oint with the finger.] 
bsekoa, bern, v.t, to beck or signal with the head 

or hand.— V. t. to nod or agnal to :— /r.>. beck^on- 

big ; /a.A beck'oned. 
Beoam% be-kum', v.i,, te come te; to come to be ; 

to enter into a state or condition.— v./. to suit or 

befit ; to add grace to :— /r./. becoming ; /«./. 

became'; >«.>. become'. fA.S. becuman-he, 

and cuman, to come.] See Oona. 
bsoomtBff, be-kumlng, adj. suiuble to ; proper ; 
» graceful— Aftr. beoon'tngly. 

Bed, bedj n, a couch or place to sleep on ; a plaoo 

in which anything rests; a layer or stratum. 

[A.S. bed; Ice. bedr^ Ger. bett.] 
bed, bed, v.t., te place tn bed; to sow or plant ; to 

lay in Uycrs ^r-pr.p. bedding ; pa.p bodd'ed. 
bedding, bedlng. n, a bed i^d its furniture ; the 

materials ofa bed. 
bedridden. bed'rid-diK adj. confined to bed by age 

or infirmity. [A.S. bed-rida, one who rides or 

b borne on his bed — bed, and ridan, to ride.] 
bedstead, bed'sted, n, the frame of a bed. 
Bedevn, be-devl. v.t, to throw Into disorder and 

confusion as if by />!# devil:— pc^p. and adi. 

bedev'ffled. [A.S. prefix i#, and Devil.] ^^ 

Bedew, be-dC, v.t. to moisten gently, as with dew .* 

—pr.p. bedewing; pa^, bedewed'. \be, and 
«i — J 


Cite, fllr ; me, her ; mine ; mOte ; mate ; mSOn ; /Aea. 



BtdlfH be-^If, adj., set in pnUrt adorned. \ 
[A.S. prefix be, and diktaUt to set in order.] I 

Bedim, be-dlz'n, v.t to dress ; to dress gaudily. Dl 

Wtitlam, bedlam, n. an asyliun for lunadcs ; a mad- 
house ; a place of uproar. — mdj. belonsing to or 
fit for a mad-house. [Corrupted from £etkukem, 
the name of a monastery m London afterwards 
conyerted into a hospiul fcr lunatics.] 

IM**'"***L bedlam-It, n. a madman. 

B«do«lB, Bedala, bed'CO-in, n, the name applied to 
those Arabs who live m tents and lead an un- 
settled life. [Ar. bedawi, dwellers in the desert] 

Bee, bS, n, an insect that makes honey and wax. 
[A.S. bee; Ger. bietu; L. o/w.] 

Beeeh, bSch, n, a common forest tree with smooth, 
silvery-looking bark, which produces nuts, 
fonn(»iy«a/rabyman,nowonly bypigs. [A.S. 
bece, bee; Ger. htcks; "L./agus; Chr. phlgos— 
Phagfit to eat.] 

teeehm, bfch'en, a4f> belonging to or meuU ^ 

Betf. bef, n. orig. an ox, buUf or cow ; the flesh of 
an ox, bull, or cow.— «<(f. consisting of beef. 
[Fr. betnft L. bot, bavis; Or. boHS, an imitation 
of the bellowing (» the ox.] 

beevM^ bevz, i»./A cattle, oxen. 

Beef-eater, befCt-^, n. lit. one who attends at the 
buffet or sideboard ; now focularly aoplied to the 
yeomen of the sovereign s guard, [a corruption 
of Fr. buffetier-^ffet,^ 

Been, bin, >«»/ parttcifU of Be. 

Beer, b2r, n. lit. a drink; a liquor made by fermen- 
tation from malted barley and hops. [A.S.beor; 
Fr. b^re; Ger. bier: prob. connected with L. 
bibere, Gr. >d, Sans. /<?, >f, to drink.] 

Be^ b€t, ». a vejjetable with a carrot-like root 
eaten as food, from which sugar is extracted: 
also used as a salad. [Dutch, Mr/; Ger. beete; 
Fr. bette; L. Ar/a.] 

Beetle, be'tl, n, lit. the biter; an insect with hard 
cases for its wings. [A.S. bitel—bitan, to bite.] 

Beetle^ bC'tl, n, a heavy wooden mallet used to beat 
with. [A.S. bitZ—betttoM, to beat— ^/.] 

beetle-beaded, bTtl-hed-ed. A^r'., havifif m hemd 
like a beetU; duU : stupid. 

beetla, bf'tl, v.u to jut out or hang over like the 
head of a beetle or mallet :--/r.>. bee'tling. 

beelle-tavwed, be'tl-browd, etdj., having beeUingot 
prominent brows. 

Beeves, oee BeeL 

Befall, be-fawf, v,t, to^^^ti/orhanpen to. — vMvq hap- 
pen or come to pass :— /n/. Mfall'ing ; /a.A 1^ 
^'en;As./.bSfeU'. [A.S. be-jTeallaH.] SeeVaU. 

Before^ be-f&t', ^rtp, in Ihejbre j^rt, or in front 
of; in presence or in sight of; in preference to ; 
superior to ; previous to. — 4ulv, in fhmt ; earlier 
in time ; hitherto. [A.S. be-/eran.\ See Ftev. 

befiDTCkaad, bC-ftirliand, adv, jMreviously; in anti- 
cipation ; by way of preparatjon. 

BeMead, b^finend'. v.t. to act as sl friend to; to 
fx<mas \—4r,p, Mfriend'ing; /«./. bCfriend'ed. 
[A.S. prefix Ar, and Mead.] 

Beg, beg. v.U orig. to carry a bag in which to* put 
victuals or money received on asking; to ask 
earnestly ; to supplicate^ to beseech ; to t^ce for 
granted. — v.i, to practise begging; to live by 
asking alms:— /r.>. and n. be^i^g; >a./. 
begged'. [SeeBaf.] 
beg^, b^ar, n, one who begs; one who lives by 


^Sging.-^v.i. to reduce to beggary* to exhaust: 
'-:^.>. begg'aring ; pa.p. begg'ared. 
"Hgailyj beg'ar-U, adj., like a beggar ; mean ; coa- 

tempdble.— #1. beof'arUaess. [poverty. 

Mggavy, b^ar-i, «., etate ef a beggar; extreme 
Began, b&gaa'— did begin— /m/ tense of BeglB. 

Beget, b^-get', v.t., to get or cause to be got or pnv 
duced; to produce; to generate :—/r3^. b^gec'- 
ting : pa.L b^:ot' or b^at' ; >a.>. b^ot' or b6- 
gott'en. [A.S. be-getan.] See Oei. 

begetter, be-get'te, n., one who begets; a father. 

Weffti, bfl-gin', v.i. to be or come into being; to take 
rise ; to enter on something new ; to commence. 
— v.t. to enter upon ; to commence \—fr^. b6- 
gixmlng; >«./. Mgan'; /«.>. b^^uir. [A.S. 
bepHHOH, from root rin, to b^et, as in Gr. 
guunnai, to come into being, L. gtgno, to b^et. j 

beginaer, bS-gin'dr, m., one who begin*. 

begtimtiig, b^>gin'ing, n. the first cause, act, or 
state ; origin or commencement; rudiments. 

Bsioasb be-gon', int. ot imp., begone; go away : de- 
part, [be, imp. of to be, and gone, pa.p. oi to go.) 

Begot, Begotten. See Beget 

Begitfle^ b€-gTf , v.t. to impose on fygnUe or craA ; 
to deceive; to amuse '•—fr.p. bteuinng;/a^. b6- 
guiled'.-Wr. bsgvfllBfly. [A.S. A#, and QoUe.] 

begallar, be-gll'ir, m., ho who or that which A«i«»/lr«. 

Began, bC-gun', p<ut participle of Begin, 

Behali; bS-hif, n. behoof; advantage; favour; 
cause; sake; part \K.^. behefe.'l See Behoove. 

Behave^ b€-hiv', Vmt. ori^. to have; to bear or 
carry; to conduct — v.t. to conduct one's self; 
to act '.—prj. behftvinf ; /«.>. bChlved'. [A,S. 
be-habban^-habban, to have ; Ger. gehaben.\ 

behavloir, be-hlv'yur, n. manner of behaving: 
conduct; manners; demeanour. 

Behead, be-hed', v.t., to cut off the head :—pr.p. 

beheading ; pap. bChead'ed. [A.S. be, and BOad.] 
Beheld, be-held'— As./. aadpa.p. of Beheld. 
BsheaeflL bClie-moth, n. an animal described in the 

book ofJob,prob.the hiiqx>potainus.[Heb.,beasts.] 

Behest, b€-hest', is. lit. somethiiig named to be 
done; command; charge; wUH [A.S. behees^ 
vow, from be, and hes, command— 4a/ai», Goth. 
haitan, to call, to name.] 

Behind, be-hTnd', prep, at the hinder p6Ut. tail, or 
back of; in the rear of; coming after; inferior to. 
— <u/r. on the back part; in the rear; remaining; 
past \K.%.behindan; Gtr.hinten; Finn. Aoie/a, 
the tad.] [hind, backward, or in arrears* 

behladhaad, bC-hlndliana, adj. or adv, being be- 

Behold, bc-hold', v.t. orig. to hold; to look upon 
to contemplate. — v.i. to look ; to fix the atten- 
tion on v—pr.p. behold'ing ; Pa. t. amd P^'P' 
beheld'.— <m/. or imp. see I lo ! observe i [A.S. 
beh ealdan healdan , to hold.] 

hsholdsa, be-hOld'n, As./, or atfy'., held ot bound i 
indebted ; obliged. 

beholder, bC-hold^, «*., one beholding: a boker on. 

Behoove, Behove^ bC-hORW', v.t. to be }f^ fV^i O' 
necessary for. [A.S. beho/ian, to befit, to stand 
in need of: connected with E. haxfo, Ger. haben^ 
L. habeo, to have, habilis, fit, suitaUe.] 

behoof; be-hOOf', ». necessity; sidvantage; benefit* 

See under Be. 

Belaheer, be-lilmr, v.t, to ply vigoroudy ; to beat 
soundly ; to thump. [A.S. be, and Labovr.] 

Belay, b€-la', v.t. orig. to lie in waitjor, to lay om 
or cover ; to block up ; to fasten a cable by laying 


fftte, f&r ; mfi, hit ; mlie ; mOte ; mQte ; mOOn ; Men. 


it noad the bits:— /r./. bdaylng ; >a.>. be- 
Lqretf. [A.S. Atf, and ^> ; Dutch, ^^^jm, Ger. 
i^iagrm^ to lay arouzKl, beset.] 

t t l — < »■ «. be-le'ger, r./., /0 Ari^iy ; to /<sr aege to: 
— >r.>. b€ka'guering ; /a./. Mlea'guered. 

W « lnh . belshy r./. or v,L to eject wind from the 
stomach ; to throw (mt violently i—fr.p. and n, 
belching ; pa.^. belched'.-— m. the act otbelching. 
[A.S. healcan, an imitation of the somuL] 

BdiHi, beldam, n, ong./airdoftu ; an old woman ; 
a hag. [Fr. i^/Zr, lair, i^Ismv, a woman.] 

ll il MgMg . SeeBdttj. 

Bilfky. bd'firl n, orig. « waicA^tcwer, a tower for 
de/rnct; the paxt of a steeple or tower in which 
belb are hnng. [Fir. heffroi; old Fr. htifivi; 
low Get. invrii, a tower for defence ; old Ger, 
Jrui, a tower, and tergam, to protect.] 

BsHe. bS-tf, 9./. to give the iie to; to q>ea]c falsely 
of; to calumniate ; to counterfeit:—^./. bChr- 
ing :>!./. belied'. [A.S. ^, and Ida.] 

Bdkva^ be-lCv', v.t. lit. to give leave to ; to give 
a^ffwal or assemt to; to credit; to trust in. — 
v.t, to be firmly nexauaded of anything; to 
cnrdse foith; to iJiink or suppose :—/r.>. be- 
lieving :>a./. believed.— «/«r. btftovlagly. [A.S. 
gelj/oH^ to believe, ixf"^* to give leave.] 

> < B « * , be-KT, «. perniasion of the truth ; assent 
or consent; credit; obgect or articles of belief; 
faith; religion. 

bdlOTabK bS-lev'a-bU adj„ that may he ieUeved, 

feillimr, be-lev'^, »., one who ielieves; a professor 
of Christianity. 

BtO, bel, M. a hollow vessel of metal which sends 
out a rinsing sound when strudc ; anjrthing bell- 
shaped. [A.S. beUan, to resound, firom the sound.] 

■illiiwiiiik beUla-don'na, n. the pbmt Deadly Night- 
shade, the juice of which is used by ladies as 
a cosmetic [It. beUa-dortna, fair lady.] 

Bans, bel, K. a fine or handsome woman ; a beauty. 
(Fr.] SeeBMS. 

Mtas-IettTM, bel-let'tr, «., ^ne learning: the 
department of Uterature which embraces poetry 
and rhetoric [Fr. belle, fine, lettret, learning— 
iettre, L. /iZ/nt, a letter.] 

BtOkoss, belOi-kOs, adj., teuUned to war; con- 
tentious. [L. heUicoetu— helium, war.] 

MUcnsBt^ bel-lij'er-ent,'A^'., carrying an war.-^ 
n. a nation engaged in war. tL. belligero, to 
cany on wur—Mlnm, war, gero, to carry.] 

BtUew, bdlo^ v,u, to low: to make a loud noise ; 
to resound ; to roar :— >r. A bellowing ; >«.>. 
bellowed.— «. a roaring, [from root ofBeU.] 

•diowa, bellOs, n., thai which i* blown out: an 
instrument to blow with. [A.S. bylig—btelg, 
CMLbalg,h./ollit,Ahag. Sec Bag.] 

B«Uy, beFli, «.. anything that bulgee out; the part 
of the body between the breast and thighs.— v./. 
to swell out ; to filL— ».«: to swell -.—pr'p. belKy- 
ing; /«.>. beiried. [See BsUewi, Bsg.] 

Bstaaft be-long', v.u lit to reach to; to be one's 
property ; to pertam or relate to '.--Pr.p. belong'- 
ug ; /a/, belonged'. [Dutch, belangen, langen.] 

^tki99d,h^lwr6f, adj\ much loved ;'nrydewr, [be 
intensive, and loved.] See Lovs. 

Bdov, be-Ui', adv. in a lower plaux.—pn/. beneath 
in place or rank ; not worthy of. [fie, and low.] 

BsK, belt, n., a girdle .orhuad.—^.t. to surround 
with a belt; to encircle :—/n/. belting ; /a./, 
belt'ed. [A.S. belt; Ice. belti; L. balteue, agiidle.] 


Bsmoan, be-mOn', v.t., to moan at; to hunent; to 
express sorrow for :— /r./. bemoaning ;>a^. be- 
moaned . [be, mtensive, and Moan.] 

Bench, bensh, n. a long eeat or form ; a judge's 
scat ; the body or assembly of judges.— ^./. to 
place on or furnish with benches :—pr./. bench'- 
utg ; Ax.>. benched'. [A.S. b^enc.} See Bank. 

iMBehar, baish'dr, m. a senior member of an inn of 

Band, bend, v.t. to curve or make crooked; to 
incline; to subdue.-^./, to be crooked or 
curved ; to lean ; to yield :—pr./. bending ;/a.t. 
bent; /a./, bend'ed or bent— m. a curve or 
crook. [A.S. bendan.] See Bind. 

. be-neth', prep., nether, under, or lower in 

place ; unbeconung.— «/v. below. [A.S. be, and 

is^/A<m, beneath.] SeeHtthw. 
BoMdifl^ ben'e-dikt, n, a married man, or a man 
newly married, [from Benedich, a cnaracter in 
Shakspeare's * Much Ado about Nothing.'] 
B«Mdletla^ben-e-dik'shun, n., aspeakingwell^: a 

blessing. \!L,benedictio—bene,yi^\\,dMco,\awi.'\ 
BsBsfheMM, ben^&k'shun, «. the act ot doing good; 

a good deed d<»e or benefit conferred. [UAnv^- 

/actio— bene, inS\,/acio, /actum, to do.] 
hensfkctor, ben-e-fiidrtor, n., one who cottfere a 

benefit.— /em. bMMCae'tnss. 
bsBsflee, ben'e-fis, n, lit. a /avour conferred ; an 

ecclesiastical living. 
biosfletaM, be-nefi-sens, u., a doing good; active 

goodness; kindness; chanty, 
htasfteeat, be-neTi-sent, adj., doing good; kind; 

charitable.— 04/9. beasflesntly. 
h s ntifl rts l, ben-e-fish'al, adj' con/erring ben^t; 

useful ; advantageous.— otfv. bsasft'clally. 
taMfletaiy, ben-e-hsh'ar-i, n., one who holds a 

benefice or receives a benefit 
hii s it , ben'e-fit, n. , a good deed; a favour ; an advant- 
age. — v.t. to do a kindness or a service to:— 

pr.p. ben'efiting ; Pa.p. ben'efited. 

BosvolsBes, be-nev'O-leiu, n., willingness to do 
/0m/; charity; act of kindness. [L. benevolentim 
"bene, well, volo, to be willing.] 

beasTolnt, be-nev'O-lent, tuij. full of good-will, 
charitabl e , a d v. b«B«v'el«BUy. 

Bealghlsd. be-nTt'ed, ad/., overtahon by night; 
involved in darkness ; ignorant [be, and m^.] 

BanlfB, be-nTn', adj., good bv nature; Undly: 
favourable.— ix/v. baalfBly. [L. benignus—benue, 
bonus, good, axkAgen, root oigigno, to produce.] 

banign a nt ^ be-nig'nant, tsdj. kind ; gracious ; favour- 
able ; benign. — adv. hoilg^aaatlj. 

baygni^, be-ni^ni-ti, n. kindness; gradousneas ; 
goodness of dispoation. 

BaalaoB, benl-m, n., blessing, benediction. [Fir. 
benisson, old Fr. beneifon, L. benetlictio. Sea 

Bant, brat, n. a coarse kind of grass whose roots 
bHul the soil on which it grows, [from Bind.] 

BanI— >a./. and/0./. of Band. 

Baoamb, be-num', v.t., to numb or make numb:"~ 
pr.p. benumbing ; pa.p. benumbed'. [See Vnnh.] 

Banaoln, ben-zOln, BaaJamtw, benla-min, n. a frag- 
rant, medicinal resin, obtuned from the Styrax 
benzoin, a tree of Sumatra. 

BMinaath, be-kwe/A', v.t. to UU one's wfll; to 
direct the disposition of propertv after one's 
death ; to leave by will v^r.p. Sequeath'ing ; 
pa.p. bequeatlied'. [A.9jl| and cweethan, to 
say, to telL] See Qaolh. " 

Ote, fkr; iiie,hAr; in&ie;mOCe; mQte; mOOn; ikta. 



8«rMvt, 'U<9f', vJ, to nrf[p tU/rkft rf. or ffltkf 

destitute '.—/r^.* bereavliig; /•.<. and /«./. 

b€reaved' or b&eft*. [A.S, ^, and leaf*.] 
bwtartaaaet, be-rSv'ment, m. deprivation ; lots of a 

friend by death* 
Witfl, U-reft', post partldple of Binav«, 
BtrgamoL Us^garmot, ». a variety of pear; an «! 

or perfume obtained from it [Fr* bei^moie. 

It. iffjamcita, fhnn Btrgamo, a town in Italy.] 
Beiry, ber^ri, m. lit. a small ttUdbU fruit ; any unall 

fruit containing naked leedi or atones. [A.S. 

hiria ; Ger. betrt; Gotb. As{/a; Sans, bkmkshya, 

fooAr-hhakth, to eat] 
Birlh, b^rth, n., a birth; a ship's station at anchor; 

a room or sleeping*place in a shq>. [See Birth.] 
Beryl, ber^, i». a precious stone of a greenish colour. 

— o^. bei'yItlBib [L. and Gr. At^/btf.] 

Bsssso h , bC-sCch'. v.t orig. U he$itk; to ask or 
seek from ; to implore, entreat :— /r./. bCseedt'- 
ing; /a./. Kod/a./, besought (b<-sawtO.— «fr. 
besteehlBfly. iA.S. bt, vMStcan, to seek.] 

bf-sAn', v.t. lit to be 9ttmfy or fit for; to 

befit or become:— r^^. bSseennn 
•Mm'lagly. [Ar, andleem.] 

BsMl, b^-set', vJ., U Mt mhoui; to surround ; to 
blockade: to waylay; to pezplex. [A.S. bt, tttUm, 
to set] 

bMsttlBg, bC-sedng, a4/> confirmed; habitual 

B«sl4«, b4-sTd',>n^., by tkt tidt ct', near ; over and 
above : out of. [bir, and Bide.] [addition to. 

bsslde, b6-sTd', besldM, b€-sTds', adv» moreover ; in 

Btalsce, b6^', v./. to ky sitgw to; to throng 
round : to press upon >-^^. bCsiqulng; /»^. 
besieged', [be, and BUgeO 

bsslsfer, bft-sCj te*, m. one employed In a dege. 

Besom, bfl'sum^ m. an imidement for sweeping, made 

sf iwgt tied together. [A.S. bt^m, b um 

bftmmst twigs.] 
Basel, bC^ot', v.i, to make wtHtk, stupid, dulL or 

senseless :—/r^. bCsott^; /o^. Msott'eo.— 

«<^. bMolf sdly. [^. and lei] 
Beoeaght, b^^awV-^*./. lid/m,/, of Bestsek 
Btepseli, b«-cpCk', t^/., i0 tf^aJk f»r, or engage 

beforehand ; to betoken. IA.S. Ar, and Ipeak^ 
See under Bettar* 
bft-sted'.tf^'. situated. [A.S.i»,andetsai.] 
BisMal. ftc See under BmmIl 
Bestow, bC«stO', v.l., U tUw, i^a^t w/mi fyj to 

give or confer; to apply ^—/r^. oCstow^ig; 

/«•./, bestowed'. [A.S. AT and *ifw, a place.] 
bestowel, b^-stO'id, n,, met ^btstowtng, 
bastower, b<-stO'te, it., 9m* vtkt btsttvn* 

Bialrad«K be-strad'dl, v./., U btttridt. [A.S. be, 
and MraMI*.] 

BisM4«h be-etrld'. w.t, U stridg #ewr; to sit or 
stand across}— /r^ b&tztaing ; >«.l*. b&trid', 
bestrode' ; Jm^ bCstrid', b&tnd'den. [A.S. be; 
«nd ttrtte. [i^, and Bted.] 

Bselai, bt'Stud', vJ, to adom wiiJk liWr. [A.S. 

Bvl, bet, Mn « /Mft; a i m^w i ; that which is 
fJedged or staked.— «./. to Uy or stake a bet or 
w»Eer>-/r./. betting: /^. bett'ed. [A.S, 
bmd. a plc^lse: Gcr. t^ftU; Scot «Mi^; L. mw, 
«Mi^ surety. ] b e Sf er, bslt'er, «.. mt twb btt*. 

Bslake, be-tik', v./., <# imkt «»/ to apply or have 
recoune to; to resort >—^>l bMLklng: /m.t 
batook'2/«^bltik'ea. 1A.S. i«, and xaka.] 


\ vJ., U iMmk 0m or call Ca 
ct ; to reflect — v,i. to rnnaidnr ; 

;r/r>. bethinking; /«./. and /a^. beChoQght 

Vbe^wtO. [A.S.Ar,andnia£r 
■•^•da, be-tTd', v.t,, U ha/^ /»; to befalL— c^-i: 

to come to pass or happen :--/r.>. betldlnc I 

>«./. betid', h^'ed: As.A betidf. [A.S. Ar, 

^lii^iWy to happen.] See Bdc 
BstlsM^ be-tim' BsUsM^ be-trnK", adv., by ihg 

/mm; in good time; seasonably. [A.S. Ar, Has*.] 
Bstoksa, be-tOlcn, v,t, to thtw by a token or sign ; 

to foreshew ; to signify :— >r./. betOlccninff % 

pa.p. betolcened. [A.S. be, and VoksB.] 
Bstook, be-took', past tense of Betake. 

«ny. b«-tril', vJ», ie deUver up oe diadoae 
treutorvutly, or In breach of trust; to entnm: 
—pr.^. betraying; Pa,p, betrayed'. \be, and Fr. 
treUur, It tradS^/L, tradere, to deliver up.] 

betrayal, be-tift'al, n., met qfbetraymg, 

betrayer, be-trfl'er, n., etu who betrmys; a traitor. 

Betretl^ be-troth', v.t. to pled^ the troth or truth 
to ; to contract or promise m order to marriage : 
to affiance :—/r.>. betroth^; pap, btoothecf. 
[A.S. be, and ITeth.] 

betrothal, be-troth'al, betrotlimsrt, bS-troth'ment, n, 
act of betrothing. 

a hitler degree, or more excellent manner; 
more ; ratlier.— v./. to make better ; to improve ; 
to benefit; to repair :—/r.>. bett'ering; >«.>. 
bett'ered. (A.S. bet, betera, better, betriam, to 
make better; Dutch, bat, better.] 

bss^ best, a4f. (sup^ of good), good in the 
highest sense ; first ; highest ; most excellent.— 
n. one's utmost endeavour. — adv. (superL of 
vtell), in tlie highest degree ; in the beet manner. 
[A.S. bettt, beUst, from rootof BsMsr.] 

Betwete, bS-twen', Betwlxl» be-twiksf^>f^. in the 
middle of twain or two; in the mioidle or inters 
mediate ^>ace ; from one to another ; common to 
two; noting difference of one from the other. 
[A.S. betw e onan, betwynan; betweox, beiwujct 
— be, and twegen, twa, two, twain.] 

Bevel, bevl. n., a slant or indinatkm of a surfiice, 
greater than a right angle ; an instrument opett> 
ing like a pair of compasses, for measuring 
angles.— «^. having the form of a bevel ; slant ; 
oUique. — v.t. to form with a bevel or slants 
v.t, to slant or incline tMti—fr.p. and etdj» 
bev'elSng;>tf.>.beVelled. \^t.beveaM,buveaui 
Ger. MSfv^ fr^ bMgen, to bow, to bend.] 

Bevstafs, bev'er^), n., drink; any agreeable Hi^iBor 
for drinking. [Fr. beverage; It be v em gg i o — 
bexferh—L, bibere, to drinkj See Be«. 

Btfy, bevX u, a flock or brood of birds, espedallw 
of quails; an assembly (eHtedally of femalesJL 
[Fr. bevSe; It beva.] 

Bewail, be-wsr, v.i. to utter the fRMT of distress; to 
express grie£ — ew/. to haent i—pr.p, and ml 
bewmiTmg : pa^. bewailed'. (A.a be, and WalL] 

Bewari^ be-wiy, v.i, to be waty or cautious; to 
guard against; to be sosptdous of danger; to 
take care. [A.S.i>fMm4P», from Jir, and eaariws, 
to be on one's guard, war, wary, cautious.] 

\ be-wiTder, v.t, Et to lead into a wHder-. 

nets or maxe ; to perplex or lead astray l—Pr.p, 
and adj. bewiTderinff : pa.J. bewiTdered. [Ges^ 

ftla^flto-; Bl^hte; uSmiwBfbti mflte; 


b6>wifda:-iiient, m., tiaii ^Mng 

b€>viclif» v,t to vaitck, fksdnate, or 
cbarm :— ^i/. and 043. bewitching ; /«./. \^ 
witched'.— tfift'. bmvlteklBglr. \b€, and Wltah.] 
«llab«y,be-wich'«r4.braitebaMaA» be-wich'ment, 
». power of bewitching ; fatidnation. 
f«i«gr, be-rft', v./. lit. to acnue; to point out ; to 
betray:— ^y>. bCwxaylng; /«-/. bCwiaycd'. 
IA.S. ie, and wrr/itM» to accuse. j 
qr» B«p; bl, M. a Turkidi gevtmor of a town or 
province. [Toik. htg^ pronounced Ai.] 
VVM^ be-yond^ Prtp. on thejwM^^r or further 
ado of; £utlKr onward than; out of reach; 
remote from; before; above. — m^. at a dift* 
tance ; yonder. [A.S. he-gwtid.] 

be^ m, the part of a ring in which the 
stoine is set [Sp. Htel; Ft. UteoM, sloping 
edge, oblique surface.] 
Blangiilar, bl-ang'gfk-lar, BlaagvlaASk bT-an^g11-l2L 
adj., ktanng /cm OMgies, [L. bi, his, twice, ana 

Bia^ bfas, n.^ ori^. a weight on one side of 
a bowl, makmg it *U^, oc turn to one side; 
a slant or leaning to one nde ; a leaxdng^ of the 
mmd ; inclination ; anything that tnnis or inclines 
a man«— «./. to cause to turn to one side ; to 
or pr^odice >-~fr.f% bf assing, bf as- 

ntf; >e^. brassed, bfased. [Fr. Hmm; It. 

Hea. owque, awry : prob. from bifax^ having 

two mces— ^, Unot^/tuus, the face.] 
nh, lab^ «. a sinall i»eoe of doth put under the 

chin of an in£uit, to prevent it arwellinr over 

its dodiea. [Sp. btiha. Fr. bavt, siMttle-3«cvr, 

to slaver or dnvel: auo given m»n L. hibo, to 

^ink, because the Inb drinks m the liiptid 

flowing fi^om the mouth.] 
VUbm, biVbir, «., a drinker. VL. Hhert, to drink.] 
Mkekoib In1/Q<his, A^*., drinking ot sncking in; 

q)ongy. [L^ btbuint, from bH^.'l 
tnis, hVYA^ n.t iks book: the volume that contains 

the Scriptures of the Old amd New Testaments. 

rCr. biSlion, bibUs, a bo9k— ^A^, the inner 

Dark of the papsrms, of ^Huch paper was made.] 
UHkal, iMbOi-kal, atfy'. of or rehuing to the Bible. 

■ adv. lAfHesny. 
BAOocrapky, bib-li-og'ra-fi, n. the dsseri^tion, 

knowledge, or history of books. [Gr. btblion, 

saAgraptd, to describe. >-tf<Cr'< UbUographleaL 
UMkcnHpker, bib-li-og'ra-fbr, n, one skilled in bil^ 

MbU&ftiy* bib-B-ofa-tri, »., bookworskip. [Gr. 

btbiion, and tairna. service.] 
MMisiogr, bib-U-oKoji, »., a treatise on books; 

biblical literature or theology. [Gr. biblion, and 

logm* a txeatise.>-«^. MbltalofleaL 
miWwnawls, lttb4i-^-ml'ni-a, «., book-madness; the 

r^ for pooessing rare dxtd curious books. [Gr. 

bwion, and manta, madness.] 
MbttoBsalafS^ bib4i-0>mft'ni*«k, ». one affected by 

blbll«pQU» bib1i.«^I, MbUopoIlsl, bib-li-op'ol-ist, n., 

a bookseller, iGr, bibiion,»nd /died, to wcm] 
BOakea. See under BIMmt. 
BlM, BIst, bTSf »., « /aU bine or green paint, [old 

£. asttrt-bue, Fr. bes^aenr, an inferior Uue.] 
BMpttal, bl-sii/i-tal, BtdpMooi^ bT-up'i-tus, a4/, 

having two keads or origins. [L. bu, twice, and 

M^, the head.] 
Bkk«, bik'ir, v.i, orig. to skirmisk; to contend 

. to skirmisk: to contend MUoealbiFyv 
fitt^ fl|r s Bi, hte ; mlDt; aOle ; mOte ; 


in petty altercation; to quiver:-^./, and «. 
bidPcring:/*./. bick'ered. [Scot biOer: proU 
from root of PIol] 

Btoyds, bT'ilkl, n. a two-wheded velodpede, the 
wheels arranged one before the other. [L. bu, 
twice, and Gr. kyklos, a drde.] 

Bid, bid, v.t.. toaskforw^ray. [A.S. biddan, Goth. 
bidjanr—A.S, bidan, Goth, beidan, to look for.] 

Bid, bid, v.t., to offitr; to propose ; to proclaim ; to 
invite ; to command \—fr.f. faid'ding ; As./, bid 
or bade (bad); A»./. bid or bid'den. [A,S. 
beodan, Goth, b/ttdan, Ger. bieten, to offer.] 

Md, bid. n, an offer. 

MddOT, bid'd«r, «., one who bids or offers. 

UddlBc; bid'ding, «. offer ; invitati<m ; command. 

Blds^ bid, v.t, or i. same as AMda. 

Bldntal, bl-dent'aL A^'. having /ttv /r/M. [L. ^', 
bis, twice, and aens, dentis, a tooth.] 

Btamlsl , bT-en^ya], sulj. lasting two years; hap- 
nenin^ once m two yoars.—adv, hUna^^aStf. [U 
oiennu, from bi, bis, twice, and a$mMs, a year.) 

Blir, bCr, is. a carriage or frame of wood for bear- 

^iV* the dead to the grave. [Fr. bar, oxbiere; 

AJS. bmr: prob. from the root of Bear.] 
IHssHniB, bCstlngs, «. the first milk given by a 

cow after cahmg. [A.S. bystin£, byst, boost.] 
BUtoeate, bf-fuincftt, BItaroalsd, bl-frirlcflt-ed, a^'., 

two-forked; havmg two prongs or btanches. 

[L. lifurcms, from m, bis, tmot,/krca, a fork.] 
Mfttreawn, bT-4nr-ki^shuny n., a/orking or division 

into two branches. 

Bli; big, adj., swelled out or bulky; larjpe or 
great ; pregnant ; great in air, mien, or mtrit— 
adv. Mfly.— M. Utms. [Dan. b$tr, bdly, bulge ; 
W. bog. Ice. bolga, a swdling.] See BOgs, Balgt. 

Bigamy, Ug'aFmi, n., a donble-^narriags ; the crime 
of having two wives or husbamu at a time. 
[Lh bi, or bis, twice, and Gr. enmos, marriage.] 

Ufunlsl, big'a-mist, «, one wno has committed 

Blggla, l^g'gin, n. a child's cap; a can or small 
wooden vessd. [Fr. bepdn, from the cap worn 
by the Beguines, a religious sodety of women.] 

Bltfit, bit, «. a bend of the shore, or sinall bay ; 
the bend or coil of a rope. [Dutch, bogt. Ice. 
bttgt-—htga, A.S. bugan, Ger. biegen, to bend.] 

Blfol^ big'ot, «. one obstinatdy and blindly devoted 
to a oarticular creed or party, [variously de- 
rived from Begmn, a member of a Flemish rdi- 
gious order; Visigotk, a western Goth : and Sp. 
bigots, a moustache.] [bigot— a^. Ug'otcdly. 

Mffoisd, big'ot-ed, adj. having the qualities of a 

Mgolry, bigot-ri, ». blind ceaL 

BUM, b6-sh00', «. a trinket ; a Jewd; a little box 
— //: BUovz, b«-shOO'. [Fr.] 

bUavtrr* bUovlaria, b&diOOf ri, «. Jewellery. 

BUalaral, bl-lat'^ival, adj., kaving two sides. [L. 
bi, bis, twice, and latns, lateru, a side.] 

BUbtrry, biKber>ri, n* a shrub and its berries, which 
are dark bine ; whortleberry. [Scot blaeberry : 
Dan. blaa, A.S. bleo, blue, and Btny.] 

BQboss, bil'bOs, n.*L on board ship, long bars of 
iron inth shackles attached, to confine prisoners 
or offenders, [because made at i'f^i&M in Spain.] 

ms, bTl, «. a thick, yellow, bitter liquid, separated 
frxm the Uood in the liver ; gall ; fig. ill-humour. 
[L. bUu; alUed Xa/el,fellis, the gall-bladder.] 

MUary, bil'yar-i, adi. bdonging to or conveying bile. 

Mlloes, tnFyns, A^. pertaimng to or affected by bile. 

mOOn; Mod* 



Bllft, bQj, n. ths htietii£ put of a cask; the 
breadth of a ship*t bottom.— v,u to suffer fiac- 
tme in the bUn or bottom ; to spring a leak : — 
>*.>. and A^'. bilged', [same as Balg*.] 

If*1*~r'^\ bT-linz'gwal, ad/, of or containing iw0 
langvagts. [L. dis, twice, lingua, language.] 

Btn, biL n. a hatchet with a hooked point ; an axe. 
[Ger. Ml, A.S. M, W. bwyett, an axe.] 

Bm, bil, n, the beak of a Urd ; anything like a 
bird's beak. — v.L to join bills as ^doves ; to 
caress fondly \—pr^. Inlnng ; pa.p, billed'. [A.S. 
bUt, prob. connected with tne preceding.] 

Bin, bil, ». lit « ualid paper; an account of 
money ; a written declaration ; a draft of a pro- 
posed kw; a printed adrertis e ment. [low L. 
htUa. a seaL] See Ban. 

MBst^ binet, n., a littU hUl; a amall paper in 
writing ; a note ; a ticket assigning quarter* to 
soldiers. — v.U to Quarter as soldien.— v.f. to be 
quartered ''—fr.p. billeting; >«.>. billeted. 

MItot-dowE, bil-le^OO', n,, a tweet note; a love- 
letter. [Fr. UUet, a letter, doux, sweet] 

BUlttk billet, f*. a small log ^wood used as fueL 
[Fr. billot, prob. from Bote, the trunk of a tree.] 

Bl]]lard% bifyardx, n. a game played with a cue or 
mace and three balltoa a table havingpockets at 
the sides and comers. [Fr. M^n^— M&r, a balL] 

BOlkB, biKyun, n. a million of millions (1,000^009, 
000,000) : or, according to the French method of 
numeration, a thousand millions (1,000,000^000). 
[L. bis, twice, and mltUaa.] 

BIDow, Inllo, n. a great ware of the sea xweUed by 

a storm. — vd, to roll in large waves :--/n^. bir. 

lowing; A**/* biKlOwed. [A.S. and ola Ger. 

belgan, to swell, to rage.] See Big, Bolgt. 
billowy. bino.i, adj, swdUng into bUlows. 
BlM taw M , bT-mi'nus, adj., havittg two hands, [L. 

bis, tmct, manns, a hand.] 
Btmassal, bl-men'sal, adj. occurring once in two 

months, [L. bis, twice, mentis^ a month.] 
Bin, bin, n. lit a heaf: a place for storing com, 

wine,&c [A. S.^ a manger ; Scot bing,9. heap. ] 
Btaary, bfnar-i, «4r. composed of two; twofold. 

[L. bini, two for eadi— Mr, twice.] 
Uaatt^ bfnftt, adj. growing in pairs ; double. 

lad, bTnd^ v.t. lit to make a bunch of a thing ; to 
tie or fasten toffether with a band; to sew a 
border on ; to obuge ; to make hard. — v.i. to con- 
tract; to be obUgatorr :— >n#. htodlnz ; /a.t, 
Kod/a./. bound. [A.S. and Goth. bif$dan, con- 
nected with Baa^ Baadls^ and Bod.] 

MadtBff, bind'ing, adj. restraining ; obligatory.—m. 
anything that binds ; the covering ot a book. 

MB4tr,bTnd'6r, n., onewhobind$,esp!boo\:M,thcarts. 

fciud w— 4 , bTnaw€(L n. the convolvulus, a genus a£ 
plants so called from their bemting or twining. 

Btiraanls^ Un'a-kl, «. the wooden box in which, on 
ship-board, the compass is he/t. [formerly bit- 
ta£le—Fr. habitacle, a dwelling-plaoe.] 

Btaoeilar, bln-ok'a-Ur, adj.. having two eyes; suit- 
able for two eyes. [L. bmi, two, oculus, an eye.] 

Bhiflmlaly bl-nO'mi-al, adj, and u. in Algebra, a 
quantity consisting of two terms or parts. £L. 
bis, twice, nomem, a name, a term.] 

Btofrapky, bT-og'ra-fi, n. a written account or his- 
tory of a lije ; the art of writing such accounts. 
^adf. MegraphleaL— «ifr. Mograph'isally. [Gr. 
bios, life, gra/h^, to write.] 

Uocrapkar,U-ogra-fi&r,is.onewhowritesbiogniphy. I 


^fT^j bT-dPo>ji. n., a discouruon ^/e; the » 

_^^' life. [Gr. bios, life, logos, a discourse.] 

"V'ttovi^ bip'ar-ui; adj., bringing/orth two at m 
iHrth. (U bis, twice, Pario, to bring forth.] 

BtpaitlU, bip'ar-tit or bT-pftx'tXt, adj., divided into 
two like farts. [L. bu, twice, aiul fariitus-^' 
Partio, to divide.] 

Biped, bfped, n. an animal with two feet, adj . 
Wpadal, bip'e^ or bT-pTdal. [L. ^i/cr, two- 
footed— ^tr, twice, Pes, pedis, the foot] 

Blpwaatia^ bT-pen'n2t, WtpwnisteJ, bT-pen'nSt'Cd. 
adj., having two wtnge, [L.^,AwM,a win^.j 

Bl^aadr aU, bl-k wodVSt, n. a quantity twice s^uarwd 
or raised to ih»/oupih ^ymr.'—adj. Uqpadfmtila* 
[L. bit, twice, fuadratus, squared.] 

Blr^ b^xh, n, a hardy and beautiful forest-tree 
abounding in the norm oi Europe and Asia with 
white, smooth bark ; a rod of bizm. [A.S. birco^ 
Sw. bjorh. Sans. bkurja.\ 

Ureh, btedi, Wrnhaa, btech^ adj. made of Urdu 

Bird, bird, n. one of a brood; a general name for 
feathered animals.— v.«L to catch birds. [A.S. 
brid, the young of any bird or animal, a brood • 
Ger. brut, a brood.] See Brted, Brood. 

MrdllBM^ btoUlm, n, a stidcy substance nsed to 
catch lurds. 

Mrd't-oys^ birds^ adJ, seen from above as if by 
the eye of a flying bird. — n. a kind of tobacco. 

Birth, bftrth, «. the act of bearing or bringing 
forth^ or of being bom; the onspring bom; 
digmty of family ; origin. [A.S. beorth, a birth — 
beran, to bear or bring forth.] See Bsar. 

Mrthrlghl, birth'rft n, the right or privilege to 
which one is entitled ^ birth. 

Biseait, bislcit, n, lit. bread tvrice coohed or baked; 
hard dry bread in cakes ; a kind of unglaxed 
earthenware. [Fr. ; — L. bis, twice, Fr. cuit, 
baked ; L. coquo, coctus, to cook or bake.] 

Blatel^ bT-aekt^ v.t. to cut into two equal jparts : — 
pr,p. bisecting ; pa,p, bisect'ed. [L bu, twice, 
seco, sectus, to cut] [parts. 

MaodloB, bl-sek'shun, n. division into two equal 

BldMp^ Insh'op, n. lit an overseer; one of the 
higher clergy who has charge of a diocese. CA.S. 
buceoPi L. fPiscopus; Gr. epishopos—epi, upon, 
skoped, to view, to inspect.] 

Ushoprie, bish'op-rik, n. the oflSce and jurisdiction 
of a Irishop; a diocese. [BIAq^ and A.S. ric, 

Pff»*«^fc, bix'mutli, n. a brittle metal of a reddish- 
white colour, used in the arts and in medicine. 
[Ger. wittmuth—weits, white, math, liveliness.] 

BIsMi, bT'soUi n. a wild animal like the bulL but dia- 
tinguishea by its size, the hump on its shoulders, 
and the depth and shagjsiness of its hair. [Gt. 
bisbn, said to be from Butonia, in Thrace.] 

BIsMxtlli, bis-sex'til, n. lit twice sixth: leap-year. 
[L. bis, twice, sextus, sixth, so called because 
m every fourth or leap year the sixth day before 
the calends of Mardi, or the a4th February, was 
reckoned twice.} 

Blstrs^ bis'tte, n, a broum colour made from die 
soot of wood. [Fr.— Wr, brown.] 

IMtnli^n^ bT-«ul1cus, af^., two-Jurrowed ; doven- 
footed. [L. bis, twice, sulcus, a furrow.] 

BMs^ bit V'^' te tear, or seise with the teeth : to sting 
or pain ; to wound by rmroadi >-pr.p. biting ; 

pa.t. bit; /a.>. bit or XAxetSL-adv. Utiacty 
tbitr-). [A.S.bitan; Goth.beitan; loo. bita.] 

fltte^fkr; m6,hte; mltae; mOte; mQte; nOQn; ^Aeo* 


Ill%l3^i«.amspl)y theteedi; something Utten 
off: a motttmuL — m. Ut«r. bit'ir. 

IM^ Int, «^ tf h'U; a small jnece; the smallest 
degree : (Aai wkick Hies ; a small tool for boring ; 
the put of the bridle which the horse biU* or 
holds in his mouth. — tf.i, to put the bit in the 
mouth :— /r.>. bitting ; >>./. bitt'ed. 

WB^k, bich» n, the female of the dog, wolf, and fox. 
[A.S. hictt; Ice. bikJkta,] 

am*; bit'tte, adj't ^ii^V to the taste; sharp; 
paunfuL ' € W . btt'tolA, somewhat iMiter. — ttav. 

MUantm, Ht'tir-oes, it. quality of bemg biiUr; 

hatred; sorrow. 
Uttm, bit'tirx, M./A a liquor prepared from hiiier 

herbs or roots, and used as a stomachic 

MMva, bit'tten. ic a bird of the heron familv. said 
to have receired its name from the reaemDlance 
of its Toioe to the Uwmg of a bulL [old £. 
Miiaurt Tt. htOoTt low L. iffiauru^—ifff imitative 
of the Boond, ia»tr$ts, a bull, a bittern.] 

Btt—ta, bi-tfl'mcn, m. a name applied to various 
inflammable mineral substances, as naphtha, 
petroleum, asirfudtum.— a<(/. Mtmadnmu. [L.] 

UlodBsts, ta-tirmixi-tt, Mtamsaiss, bi-tO'min-T^ v.t. 
to mix with, or make into, bitumen :— /r./. bitfi'- 
Bunitii^ oita'meninng; /a./, bitQ'minSted, bi- 

Mfslft^ td'valv, I*, an animal having a shell in iwff 
tmhnt or parts Uke the oyster ; a seed-vessel of 
like kind.— A^'. Wvahr'akr. [L. bis, twice, valva, 
a valve.}— o^.. Moving' two vahfts. 

BtTosM^ biVwak, m, the lying out all night of an 
anny in the open air om gitard. — v.L to pass the 
night 4W gtiard in the open air x—pr^. biv'- 
ouacking; pa.^, bivouacked. [Fr. — Ger. bti^ 
wacJktti, to watch beside.] 

nmm, bi-zSr', odf. odd ; fantastical ; extravagant. 
[Fr.—'L. bis, twice, wtrius, different.] 

UA, blab, v.«., to babble; to talk much; to tell 
tales. — v.t. to teO what ought to be kept secret : 
-pr.p. blablnng : >».>. blabbed'. [iJan. blab- 
bre, ud E. blabber, from the sound.] 

Iladt, Uak, adj. orig. bleak, pale ; of the darkest 
colour ; without colour ; clouded ; dismal ; hor> 
ribie. [A.S. bhecy-adj. blaeK'lal^ somewhat 
black.— a<ftr. Uaekly.— m. bladt'BSH. 

Ifai^ bhk, M. the darkest of colours or the absence 
ofo^our; a negro. 

Hack, blak, bkekn, blaVn, v.t. to make black.^ 
v.i. to grow black :--pr.p. Uacklng, black'ening ; 
/a./, blacked', black'ened. 

Wwhimnw, blaka-^nSDr, n., a black Moor; a negro. 

Martha!!, blaklnwl, v.t. to reject in voting by put- 
ting a Mack ball into the ballot-box :—>r.>. 
bUckljalling;^./. bUckHMDed. 

feiacMMRy, blak1>er-ri, n. the fruit of the bramble. 

tk^-Urd, Uaklitol, m. a spedes d thrush of a 
black colour. 

Uack-oo^ blaklcok, n. a black spedes of grouse. 

UsAIMar, blak'frf-ar, n. a friar of the Dominican 
mder, so called from lus black garments. 

Uadvaard, blag'g&rd, h. orig. applied to the lowest 
menials about a court, who attended to the/^^, 
coals, &c ; a low, vile fellow.— <w(f. low ; scur- 
lilotts.— v./. to revile.— «. bladt'cwudlaB. 

UadlBft bUklng, w. a substance used for blacking 
leather, &c. 

HaArtoad^blakHed, n. a nuneral of a black colour used 
in making pencils, and for blacking grates, &c. 


UaA-ktter, blak1et-t«r, ». the old English or 
modem Gothic letter (ISlgCltslrttet.) 

Ua^-mafl, blak'mAl, n. money fonnerly paid to rob- 
bers for protection. 

Black-rod, bUk'rod, m. the usher of the order of the 
Garter and of Fariiament, so called from the 
black rod which he carries. 

Uackmlth, bbk'smith, ««. a smith who works in 
iron, as opposed to one who works in tin. 

UaektlMn, blak'thom, n. a species of dark<oloMred 
thorn ; the sloe. 

BUddsr. blad'te, tu that which is blown out; a 
thin bag distended with liquid or air ; the recep- 
tade for the urine; a blister. [A.S. bladdre; 
Ice. bladra, a bubtje ; Ger. blasen, to blow.] 

biadderwL Uad'^rd, bladday, bhuf^i, a4/., swelled 

BladSb blad, n. anything thin and flat ; a leaf of 
gnus; the sharp part of a sword, fta ; the broad 
bone of the shoulder ; the flat part of an oar. — 
v.t to provide with a Made:— ^^. bladlnir: 
>»./. bUd'ed. [A.S. bUed, Ice. blad, cSr, 
blatt, conn, with Or,pkylloM, 'L./olium, a leaf.] 

Blatn, bUn, ». a boU or blister. {KS.bhfgen.^ 

Blamo, bUm, v.t. to s^eak so as to kttrt or damage 
one; to find fault with; to censure :—/»•./. 
blftmlng; pa.p. blamed'.— «i. imputation of a 
fault ; fault ; crime ; censure. [Fr. blasmer; Gr. 
blaspki$ne9^laM, to hurt, >>!*»»», to speak.] 

UuBi^ Wftm'a-H, adj., deserving <if blame; 
faulty.— Aftr. blam'ably.— «. blam'sbknaM. 

Uamalasi^ blftmles, adj., wi/kout blame; guiltless : 
innocent — adv. IdaiMlsady. — n 
See under Bluik. 

bland, adj., smoolk ; gentle : m\\d.~ -adv. 
Uaad'Iy.— A Iriand'^Mn. [L. bland$4S.] 

blandish , bland'ish, v.t., to be bland to ; to flatter ; 
to smooth ; to fondle :— /r.>. and n. bland'ishing ; 
/a.p. blandished. 

h ia ndf a hmeni , bUmdlsh-ment, n., act^landisking; 
flattery ; winning expressions or acticms. 

Blaak, blangk, adj'., wkite; pale from fear, &c. ; 
confused ; void of writing or marks ; empty : m 
poetry, not having rhyme.— 4<ftr. hlaarly.— «». 
BiaalraMa.— ». a white paper, or paper without 
writing ; a ticket having no mark, and therefore 
valudess; an empty space. [Fr. blanc; Sw., 
Dan., and Ger. blank— -blinken, to shine.] 

btaaeh, blansh, v.t. to take the colour out of and 
make blank or wkite.— v.i., to grow wkite:— 
pr.p. blanchlxu;; pa.p. and adj. Uanched'. 
iFr. blanckir—wanc, white.] 

Uankit, blangket, «. u. wkite woollen doth^ gene* 
rally used as a covering for beds ; a covenng for 
horses, &c — v.t. to cover with or toss m a 
blanket:—^./, blanketing; paj. blank'eted. 

Uaakettaiff, bfangk'et-ing, n. a tossing in a Uanket ; 
stuff* for making blankets. 

Blaaphwia, blas-f%m', v.t.. to speak impiously of 
God. — v.i, to utter tuasphemy; to curse or 
swear ^-^./. blaspheming; pa.p. blasphemed'. 
\Qt. blaspkimed.l SeeBlaiM. 

WaiphMur, blas-fem'er^ «., one wiko blaspkemes: 
In Prayer-Book, a railler, a false accuser. 

blaaphamoBS, blas'lt-mus, adj. containmg bla» 
phemy ; impious. — adv, blaaplMmoiUly. 

Masphamy, blas'f^-mi, n. profame speaking: con- 
tempt or indignity ofiered to God. 

BIsst, blast, «., ablowing or gttst o/wind; a fordble 
stream of air ; sound of a wind instrument ; an 
explouon of gunpowder ; any pemidotu influence. 

I for blacking grates, &c. explosion of gunpowder; 

ftte, fib* ; mfi, hftr ; mine ; mOte ; mQte ; mOOn; tken. 



'^•pj. to stoiko with some peniaous uifltt«n^» I ^j^ Wlhd. m^i/. wanting tight ; dark ; obscure , 

to affect with sodden violence or caianuty* i without judgment; ignorant; inconsidenue.— 

to blight or destroy : to split by gunpowder . 

-^.>. and n. bUst^mg ; M.>. Uasf ed. IA.S, I 

Niut, from hUnan, Get. buuin^ to blow.] 
BateBl, blA'tant, adj., bUatinr, bellowing, noisy. 

[from A.S. NatMt, to bleau] 
SUM, blSx, n.. a Jlamt; stream of light and heat 

from a burmng body ; a white mark on the &ce 

of an animal or on a tree.— v.f. to flame or emit a 

bright and expanded light ; to be conspicuous.— 

, bU'sn, vJ. to Mmt abroad; to publish 

widely ; to describe in proper heraldic tenns the 
figures, ftc., on armonal enrigns; to di^lay; 
to embellish :-^.>. and n. blSx'oning: /a./. 
blAx'oned.— «. ttie act or art of heraldry ; publi- 
cation ; pompous du^lay. [Fr. Mtuontur^ 

MaMoar, bUI'zn-ir, n., one wkaMuoms; a herald. 

Maaouy, bU'sn-ri* m., art ^NoMomimg. 

BiMMh. blfch, v.t, to make faU or white. — vJ. to 

Bow white:— /r.>. bleaching; Ax./, and adj. 
eached'. rA.S. Mt^w-^i^. pale] SeeBfaMk. 
Msaobcr, blech'te, n., on* wkc SUacJus, ox that 

which Ueaches. 
UMohOTy, bl€ch'te-i, n. a pUce for bleaching. 
!r»^*»>««g, blech'ini^ m, the process of whitening or 

decolorising doth. 
Blsak, biek, adJ.,/aleotiivid; open or unsheltered; 

cold or cheerlen.— <»/9. blMkty.— «. Uaak'sMS. 

[A.S. MKr,^Awr,pale.] SeeBlaek. 
Viak, bl6k, «. a small v^iU river-fish. 
Blsar. bl£r, adf. <as in Bltar-sysd, blCi^d), sore or 

inflamed as if from lomg^ wte^mg, Dow Dutch, 

Narrttt, to cry or weep.] 

bl«t, v.Lt to cry at a Attp.^-n. tfie cry of 

a sheep':— /r>. and n. bleating; >a^. bleared. 
[A.S. Hmiimt formed from the sound.] 

SItsd, bled, v.t. to lose hUod; to die by slaughter; 
to issue forth or drop as blood.— cr./. to draw 
Uood >^>r.>.. atU., and n. bleeding ; pa. p. Ued. 


WUialsh, blemish, ««. lit. a hlut or livid spot ; a 
mark of deformitr ; taint — v.t. to mark with a 
blemish ; to taraiu ; to defame "i—pr-p. blemish- 
ing; pa.f. blem'ished. [Fr. hthnt, pale— ICA 
Uimtt blue colour— ^iSit, blue.] 

W U ad, blend, v./., Uming^l* togttfuri to confound. 
'-v.t. to be mixed:— /r.>. and n. blending; 
pa.p. blend'ed. [A.S. lUndan; Ice. hlanda!\ 

■toss, bles, v.i. lit. U conucraU; to make joyous, 
happy or prosperous ; to wish happiness to ; to 
invoke a blessing on : to praise or glorify : — 
pr.p. blessing ; pa.p. blessedV blest. \K.%.bUU 
tiait^ to consecrate— M^Auv, to kill for sac ri fic e .] 

M ystd, blesl'ed, adj. happy; prosperous; lu^tpy 
in heaven ; holy.— tfcftr. bl W sd ly . 

blssstilnsss, bles'^-^es, n, state (^ bang blessed; 
holiness ; happiness. 

UtsslBg,bIes1ng, n. a wish or pnyer for happinew 
or success; any means or cause irf^ h a p iMn es s. 

MmI, bl<Kt, patiparticipU of BIms. 

Btow, bl«>— did \Aam—Pa*t Unu of Blow. 

BBcMk blft^ «*., thai which hUachet or renders/oZr; 
that which nipSf blasts, or withers tq> ; mildew.—- 
v.t. to affect with blignt; to blast ; to frustrate : 
—pr.p. or adj. blight^ ; pa.p. or a4J. Ulght'ed. 
[A.S. hUKOH, to Dlea»--iMfc, pale, livid.] 

^•'. to make blind; to darken; to obscure: to 
deceive :-^^. or adj. blTrnfing; pa.p. or ad/, 
bllod'ed.-HS. something to obscure the fight, or 
m i sl e ad the eye or understanding ; a screen cr 
shade. rA.S. from the root of Bllak.] 

Utedfal^ blTnd'fbld, adj. having something /MUM 
over the eyes so as to MMkfUiem: thoasntleas; 
reckless.— «./. to cover the eyes; to midead or 
deceive :-^^. btrnd'fblding ; /».>. bIlDd'f)>lded. 

aUal^ blingk, v,i., iaHamc*, HmMe. or wimk; to 
see obsairely or with the eyes half doted. — v./. 
to shut out of sight ; to airaid or evade :-^.>u 
and a4J. blinking ipa^. blinked'.— «. a glwpr. 
glanoe, or wink. [A.9. Mmsw, to gutter; Uer. 
bUckctu to shine, tiimtm, to twinkle.] 

kUakaid, bUngk'aid, «., M# «n*0 ^ig«*f or has bad 

BUSS, bits, tu the highest happinasi. [A.S. Uet— 

hUthsiatt. blistiast, to reioice-iMriiiitf, joyful.] 
Ulsstal, btisTool, a4J.,fmU^btiu.^-adv, VUtdttOlj. 

KMn,hUdtir^n.ti^tda BMUot Madder oa the 
skin containing watery matter : diat which raises 
blisters.— c.fl to rise in Uisters.— w./. to raise 
blisters l-pr./. blis'tering ; /«.>. blis'lered. [A.S. 
Slactam. to blow : hence Bladdsr, Btsak Bimsr.] 

bUstscy, blis't«r-i, adJ.,fmU(ifhlutcrt. 

Bttthi^ blTM, a4/',Joy0mt; merry; gay; sprightly. 
'-adv. blItW>y.^#s. bUths'nssi. [A.S. A/^, joy- 
fuL] SeeBllss. 

Mtths seas^ blT/A'som, adj. Uithe.— a^. feUlhs'- 
soaMly.— «. Mtths'somsBSM. 

Bloatt blot, v.i. lit. ta rweU hv toaking ht water; 
to fiiff^out; to dry by smoke (smplMd to fish). — 
v.u to swell or dilate i—pr.p. bloating ; /«./• 
bloat'ed.— «. Uoaf •dassB. [Sw. bUta, to soak, 
to steep— ^^ soft] 

Meater, bWdr, is. a dned herring. 

Block, Uok, «., an wuhaMd mast of wood, aioae, 
&c ; the wood on whioi criminals are beheaded ; 
a pulley, or its firameworic; a piece of wood oa 
which something b formed ; a row of houses ; an 
obstruction ; a blockhead. — w./. to enclose cr 
shut up; to obstruct; to shape. [Fr. Uec; old 
Ger. iiech; GaeL U«c, roond.] 

Msefcads, bbk-ld', «., Mr Miciwi^ of a place bv 
surrotmding it with troops or ships. — v.t. to bkxx 
op by troops or shqis >-pr.p, blodJUUng ; pa.p* 
blockSd'ed. [a stupid fellow. 

Uockbsad, blokOied, n. one with a Ara</like a block i 

.Mo^-hooss, blok'-hous, m. a hautt or fort constructed 
chiefly of timber, 

bloA-tlB, blok'-tin, n. pure tin as cast in hlockt. 

Blonds, blond, n. a person tjH/air complexion with 
light hair and blue eyes.— Blond-laes, n. lace 
n^e of siDc, so called from its colour. [F^.] 

Blood, blud, «. the /^29i»M!^ red fluid in the veins and 
arteries of men and animals; kindred ; descent : 
temperament ; bloodshed or murder; the juice of 
anything. — v.t. to stain with blood. [A.S. blod; 
Dutch, bleed; Ger. blmt, from blahen. to glow.] 

Mood4to«Bd, blud'-hound, n. a hotmd or dog having 
an acute sense of smidl, employed to track a 
wounded animal, and sometimes in the pursuit 
of criminals. 

UoodAsd, Uud'shed, n., the thtdding ^ blood; 
slaughter; murder. 

Uoodstoao, blud'stOn, n, heliotrope, a ttoae of a 
green colour with red spots like blood. 

flt^fOr; m«,hte; mine; mOte; mOte; mOOo; th^m» 


Mm^, Uiid% «4^. stained with blood; cmel; mtir> 

■m^ bloom, v.i. lie U thingj tc exkOii higAt 
aUmn: U Mnvor pot forth mommw or flowen ; 
to be Id 

a state d jxsia^i—^.^, and adi. 
...vw-. .^9 ; >*>• UOOmed'.— «. a uossom ; the 
opc pi ng of flowers ; the prime of life; the flush 
OB the chodc [TKitch, bloem. Get, Hunu, a 
flower— Ger. HMttt, to ihine, to blossom.] 
ll«HBi» bloS'som, ».. a hUmi$tgvt Mmm; wb cor- 
olla or flower or a plant.— w.a. to put forth 
flowers; to flourish or prosper >-^^. blos'aom- 
iB|rM>> hlosl^somfd. [A.S. Msm, from root 

miL blot, n» a spot or stain ; an obliteration ; a 
Uenush.— «./. to iqx)t or stain ; to di^race ; to ob- 
fiteiate ; to destroy >--pr^. blot'ting ; A*./. Mot'- 
ted. [imitative ofUMSoandofadropUJlinK on the 
ground. Finn.>£ii/tf;prov.Dan.Mi/;Dan.>Zr/.] 

MtM, bloch, «. a spot or AM on the sidn; a pus- 
tule. tA.5. himt», UmeiAe, from Biol] 

Mnm^ bloos, ». m loose outer garmfnt. [Fr.] 

Btov. bto, M,, a Hroke; a knock; a sodden misfor^ 
tune or bereavement. (Goth. A towan , okl 
Oct. A/£«waM, to strike: or DutdifMsrMMW, to 
stri ke Um*m » t bhi^ livid, the colour of the 
nautk produced by a blow.] 

Btov, blO» v.Lt to sJkitUj U skew hrigki eoUurt; 
to come into or out (orth flowen; to bloom or 
Uossom ^-/r./. blowing; >«.>. blown. [A.S. 
MfwiM, Ger. NMkm,\ See Ksea, Mosmm. 

Btov, blO» V.L, U hrtatht; to prodoce a draught 
of air ; to breathe hard or quiddy.— v./. to throw 
air iQMO ; to drive by wind ; to produce sound 
£rom wind-instruments:—^./, blow'ing; /«.'. 
blew (blOO) ; >a.>. blown. [A.S. blaman; Ger. 

tloeplpt^ blo'plp. M. an instrument for Howmg 
ttr sgaonst the flame of a lamp or candle. 

mii%w. bluVbir, n. a A«M^; the fat of whales 
gnd other large >ga-sn'«"*k, [an imitation of 
^ noise made by a mixture of air and water 
diaken together.] 

MiMsr, Un&bte, v.l to weep noisilv or to dis- 
figure the &ce with weeping >~^-f* bhib'bering ; 
/«.^ bhablxred. 

■BdlfMe, Und^nn, n, a ihort stidc having one end 
heavier than theother,osedi^//filr«M/^ [Goth. 
Uigg 'mn^ to strike.] 

■si^ bl0O» «. the colour of the skr when undooded ; 
one of the seven primary colottrs.— «{^. of the 
colour bhie.-^ b i a s ^ sia [A.S. Mr»; old Ger. 
Ua0, Uaw; Fr. hUu.\ 

IMih, blOimh, adj. slightly blue.— m. Ma^riiinsi 

ttMtiin, bUJQ^bel, f*. a plant that bears hlwt btU- 
ska/id tknrcnm 

Mss^otlK blCOlx>t-U n. a plant with Nttt hottU' 
ikaped flowers that grows among com ; a huge 
hlui fly. 

Um ituntl^, blOO'stok-mg, fr. a literary bdy ; onff. 
applied in Dr Johnson s time, to meetings held 
bv ladies for conversation with literary men, one 
of iriiom always wore blug stpckings, 

■sH bbf, €uij, 

BML [Dutch, __^,, 

sudden sound--hence meaning atrupU'\ ^ 
Usi; Uuf, n, a high steep bank projectine mto the 

sea or into a river.— «^. steep like a bluff. 
tiafly, bluf 1, adj. having bluffs. 

r, blun'dte, v.i. to mix up together or con- 

big; surly; blustering.-HS. bla^' 
, hlaft proD. imitative of a /btm/, 


fuse.— v.i to malce a gross nlitslce :— ^.>. 
blun'dering :/«./. blim'dered. [perhaps con- 
nected with nsad— A.S. bUndan, to mix.] 

tasdntess, blun'd^bus, n, a short hand-gun with a 
wide bore, [acorr. of Hhxtch^^SfMu^Atcr^ Gtx, doi^ 
nerh Uchm datme rt th u nder, ha, bOckte, a gun.] 
. bhmt, a4j. dull on the edge or point ; ^g. 
rough, outspoken. dulL — v.i, to dull the edge or 
point ; to make dull ; to weaken :— /r./. burnt'- 
vag;/aj. blunt'ed.— «4Ar. Maatly.— «. btalT. 
Biss. [Cer./ium^, awkward, coarse.] 
BlBr» bhur, n. a blot, stain, not.— v.^ to Uot, staii^ 
obscure, blenush:— /n/. bIturT'ing;>a.>. blurred\ 

[prob. from root oTBkJder.] 

Btert, blurt, v.t. to utter suddenly or unadvisedly; 
-^.>. blurting ;>a.>. blurt'ed. [Scot. bltUUr.} 

Blish, blush, m,, tkt os^ar ffflcmen m hlattam; 
a red glow on the face caused by shame, modesty, 
&C. ; any reddish cdour; sudden iqipearance. — 
v.i. to glow with the colour of Mmn* flowers; to 
grow red:— :^.>. blushing; /a/, blushed'.— 
oi/v. htwh'lBfly. rA.S. aMtff«a;JDutch,AAw/M. 
to blush— AZ?, a blush, from root of Bloess, Blew.] 

■asfe«, bhis'tir, v.L to nuke a n<»se like a bUut 
of wind; to roar, bully, or s wagger "•r-frp. 
blus'tering; /a./, bhis'tared.— a., a hUsi or 
roaring as of the wind ; bullying or boasting 
bT*g"«g«»i Ian augmentative <» Blast] 

Bo^ bo, ini. a word used to frighten children. 

Bea, bO'a, a. a genus of serpents which indudes the 
largest spedes of serfient, called Ami cpar/n^/^; 
a long 9trf*ni4ik€^utCM ot for worn round the 
neck by ladies. [L. contr. of baua, from Am* 
iffvitf an ox— perhaps from their sixe.] 

Boar, b0r, a. the male of swine. [A.S. bar."] 

Board, bord, a. a ArmMf and thin strip of timber ; a 
table to put food on ; food ; persons seated around 
a table ; a council; the dedc of a ship. — v.i. to 
cover with boards ; to supply with food ; to enter 
a ship ; to attack.— to receive food or take 
meals >-^./. boarding ;>a.>.boanl'ed. [A.S. 
b^rdf a boar d bmd , broad.] 

kearder. bSrd'te, a. one who recdves board; one 
who boards a ship. 

beawHng, bOrdIng, a. act of ooveribg with boards ; 
the covering itself ; food; act of boarding a ship. 

Bsast, host, v.i. lit. U bUw, tc tvteU tJu ck**kt; 
to puff one's self im ; to talk vaingloriously ; to 
brsg}-/r.>. boasting; /a./. boast'ed.--^i. an 
expression of pride or anger ; a brag ; the cause 
of Doasting. [old £. and low Ger. bost; Ger. 
bauMMj poHtUmt to blow, to swell] 

boaster, bOst'te, a. one irao is in the haUt of 

bsastfSI, bOst'fool, adj. given to boosting.— «<^. 
beasirfany.— a. boart'lUnsM. 

bessnaity, bOstlng-li, adv. in a boastful manner. 

Boat, hot; a a small open vessd moved by oars; 

a smaU ship.— w.^ to go in a boaL — v.i. to 

carry by boat :— ^n/. boating ; >vr/. boat'ed. 

[A.S. biit Dutch, booi; W. bad; <kf^.bata.\ 
bsatlBff, bot'ingf a. the art or practice of sailing m 

boats; yachtmg. 

bOt'swSn, (colloquially) bo'sa, a. a boai^ 
stfvani; a petty c^cer on board ship who looks 
after the boats, sails, rigging, ftc., and calls the 
seamen to duty. [A.Srb&Uw60t—4di, a boat, 
swoHt a swain, a servant] 
Bsb^ bob, v.i* to move quickly up and down or 
Imckwards and forwards, to dangle; to fish 

fitte.flU'; m6,h£r; m&w; mOte; mflte; mOQp; /^en. 


with a bob.— r.^. to move In a thort Jeitog 
manner; to beat; to cheat; to mock^-^./. 
bobVuig; >«./. bobbed'.— «. a short jerking 
motion; a slight blow; any thing that moves 
with a bob or swing. [GaeL babar, baban, a 
tassel ; Ice. bMit a knot, cockle-shelL] 

BtMia, bob'in, n, a small piece of wood on which 
thread is wound ; round tape. [Fr. bobtn*, from 
GaeL baba$t^ a tassel : also given from L. bom- 
bus, n humming, from its sound.] 

Bod*, bod, vJ. to /orUnd or /ro^Jkfsy good or evil. 
7.f . to be an omen, of good or evil ; to fore- 


shew :— ^.>. boding ; A»./. bOd'ed,— «. an omen 
or portent. rA.S. bodum, to ttH—bod, frbad, a 
command : allied to Bid.] 

Beiiet, bodls, ir. a woman's stays, fonnerly called 
batiiet because they were made to fit close to 
the^M^. [See Body.] 

Bodkla, bod'kin, m. orig. a small dagger ; an instru- 
ment for pierdng noles or for dressing the 
hair; a large, blunt needle, [from root oi Batt, 
to push, and dim. kin.} 

Body, bodi, m, the trunk or frame of an animal, 
tree, &c, at distinguished from the limbs ; the 
whole frame of a man or lower animal ; tub- 
stance ; a person ; a mass ; a number of persons 
or things. — v.t. to give fonn to; to embody: 
-^.>. bod'ying; /«./. bodied. [A.S. bod^, 
Gael, bodhag, from root bot, a lump.] 

kody-psMtle, bodl-poH^ n, the collective botf9 
of a people in \ss political capacity. 

bcdllsss^ bod'i-les,a4^1 having no body; incorporeaL 

bodUy, bodl-li, tuQ* relating to the body.— «/v. 
all M « body; completely; all at once. 

B«g, bog, n, tc/i growtd; a marsh, morass, or 

quagmire. — a^/. 1m^C7* [It* bcgack, a bog; 

OaeL bog", soft, moist] 
Bogls, bo'gl, H., a bugbear; a q>ectre. [Scot b^^, 

a ghost : GaeL blcg, bwgwl^ E. bug, bugbear."] 
bonis, bog'l, v.i, to stop or hesitate as if frightened 

at a bogU or strange appearance :— :^.y. bogg'- 

ling ; /a.^, boggled. 

BoO, boil. v.i. to bubble up from the action of heat; 
to be not; to be agitated.— v./. to heat to a 

noise made by boiling water.] 
boikr. boiKtej «., ct$e who boils; that in which any- 
thing is boded. 

Boil, boil, n. an inflamed swelling or tumour on the 
flesh having a AwMi^4ike shape. {KS. bil, byl ; 
Ger. beule; Ice. bola.\ See BabUo. 

Bol il o t of as , bois't^ns, a^'., wild; noisy ; turbulent ; 
stormy.— tf^A'. botaWouly. — n. bols'toroasBooB. 
[Dan. bister; Du. byster; W. bwyst, wild.] 

Bold, bold, «t4j. havinf or requiring courage or 
daring ; executed wiu qnrit ; impudent ; stand- 
ing out to view : steep or abrupt— «<^. boldly. 
— M. bold'kssa [A.S.. old Ger., and Dan. bald; 
Fr. baud; Goth, baltka; Ice. baltdr.\ 

BoK bol, n,, the rouud stem or body of a tree. 
[Dutch, bol, swelling: from root bol, round.] 

boO, bol, «. the Toaadaeads or seed-vessels of flax. 
>y, &c; a pod or capsule. (Dutch, bol, 
', a head; A.S. boUa, a bowl: from root of 



,/0.>. (of obs. boll), swollen; podded. 
Bol il », bOl'st6r, is. a long round pillow or cushion ; 
a pad.— c.iL to support with a bolster ; to hold 

^I>:--^^.bOl'stering;>«^.bOl'stered. [A.S.: 
Qui Ger. bolstar; Dutch, full, a hump.) 

B^ bolt, n. lit a knob; orig. a knob-h e ad ed arrow 
for a cross-bow; a bar or pin used to £utena 
door, &c—ff.t. to fasten with a bolt ; to utter ca* 
throw precipitately ; to swallow hastily. — v.i. to 
dart forth :— />^/. bolting ; As.>. bolted. [A.S. 
and Dan. bo/t, Ger. bolgen; from the root of Bole] 

bum, n, lit. a loud boomittg or ksimming 
sound ; a large hollow ball or shell of iron, filled 
with gunpowder, to be thrown from a mortar, to 
as to explode when it falls. [Tr, bombo, from L. 
bomhu*. Gr. bomhos, an imitation of the aound.] 

bonbord, bum-b&nf, v.t. to attack with bomisi— 
Pr.p. bombarding ; >«./. bombartfed. — n, boa- 
barcBoal — n. boaabardkr, bum-bar-d&<9 one who 
throws bombs ; an artillery-man. 

Bomhasla, Bombastao, bum-ba-zCn', n. a twilled 
fabric oisilk and worsted. [Fr. ; I«. bo mh yc ina , 
silk garments; Gr. botnbyx, the silk-worm.] 

BombMl, bumlMttt, n, orig. cotton or any soft ma- 
terial used to swell or stuff garments ; inflated 
language, [low L. bombax. cotton ; Gr. bombyx.] 

bombMtl<V bum-bastHc, adj, having the qualities of 
bombast; high-sounding; inflated. 

boBdod, bond'ed| a^. lying under bond to pay duty, 
bondaffo, bond'Aj, n, BtaUm hang bound; captivity ; 

bondwiii, bond'man, «, a man slave.-^trM. bond- 

bondimsw, bondt'man, n. <me who is undorabond: 
a surety. 

Bono, bOn, n. the hard substance forming the skele- 
ton of an animal : apiece of bone. — v.t. to take 
out bones from the flesh :— ^•>* bOnlng ; At./, 
boned'. [A.S. ban; Ger. betn, Goth, basn, bone^ 
leg ; W. bon, a stem.] 

bony, bOol, adj. full of, or consifting of bones. 

Booflro, bon'ft^, n. ori^. a beacon-Jlre; a lar:ge fire 
made in the c^)en air on occasion of pubhc joy. 
[Dan. batm, a beacon— W. ban, \ofty, utd/ire.} 

. bon'net, n., a keadrdress; a covering for 
the head worn by females; a Scotch cap. [Fr.; 
GaeL bonaid—beann, the top, eide, dress.] 

.^, bon'ni, adj., beauti/ul; handsome; gay. 
— adv.^tm^aOf. [Ft. bon, Somu—li. bonus, good,} 

bO'nus, n. lit agood; a premium beyond the 
usual interest for a loan; an extra dividend to 
shareholders. [L. bomts, good.] 
See under Bono. 

Booby, bosin, n. lit a baby; a silly or stupid fd- 
low ; a water-bird, allied to the pelican, remark- 
able for its apparent stupidity, [from the root of 
Babo ; Ger. bube, a boy.] 

Book, book, n. a collection of paper leaves bound 
together, either printed, written on. or bUnk; a 
literary composition ; a divirion of a volume or 
subject — v.t. to write or register in a book:— 
>r.>. booking; >*.>. booked'. [A.S. boe, the 
Deech, a book, because the Teutonic race wrote 
on beechen bcMuds.] 

bookSih, bookish, adj. fond of books ; given to 
reading.— («/c>. boolrUUy.— m. booHsKwoos 

book-koo^a^ booldcCp-ing, ». the art of keeping 
accounts m a r^ular and systematic manner. 

"~ "' bookies, a<(f. without books; iinlranifd. 


filte, fkr; me, h«r; mine; mOte; mOte; mOOa; Man, 


. bodc'wunn, «. a iM^fwr or nute that eats 
holes in h^tJkt; one closely attached to bodes. 

a beam. See under Itw 

, boom, vJ, to sound like a icmi, the firing 

of a cannon* the roar of the sea, a dnun, the 
bittern, &c.: to rush with yiolence, as a ship 
m»der sail>-^.>. bGOmlng; /a./. bODmed'. 
rA.S. fymt, a trumpet : Do. bomrntn, to drum, 
bfitmmu^ a drum, irocn the root of Bemb.] 

lim r. bOQm'e-rang, n. a hard-wood missile 

nsedbj die nathres of Australia, shaped like the 
segment of a drc]e,and so made that when thrown 
to a distance it returns towards the thrower. 

Btoa, bCRSn, i». <»ig. a pr«qt*r; answer to a prayer 
or petition ; a gift or £svour. [A.S. htn^L prayer ; 
Dan-im.] SeeBi4. 

Btoa, boon, adt.^nod^ kind, liberal : ny ; merry; 
cheerfiiL [Fr. / W L. mwmu; goodlj 

., boor, «. lit. a iiiUr of tkt ground; a 
comktryman; any coarse or awkward person. 
[Dutch, betr^ Ger. hautr—K%* hum, Dutch, 
iMMaon*, Ger. hemen^ to till.] 

Iinrt, bOOi^tsh. adj,^ like m boon rustic; rude; 
ilEterate. m a v. boorishly.— «». hunrlihum 

iMi boot, M. orig. a hollow skin for holding liquids; 
a oorering for theibot and 1^ generally made of 
leather; anoldinstnunentoftortureforthelegs; 
a box or receptacle in a coach : — ^in>^ a servant 
at an inn who cleans the boots, ftc — v.t. to put 
on boots :-^.>. booting ;/«./. hoofed. (Fr.,It. 
&>//r,Sp.6i!«,awine^kin.] See Botlls, Ban 

Bsol^ boot, v./. Xafrefii or mehaniage.—n, advan- 
tage; profit. [A.S. boi, compensation, amen d s 
-4Mmi, to amend — bet. better.] 

kostlMi, booties, mdj. wiuiout boot or profit; use- 
less.— «(/9. booHsady.— «. hsollMnesB. 

BmIK bOOM, It. lit. a ktd or temporanr erection 
ibnned of slight materials. [Gzti. both, botkag,} 

Bsoty, bSOt^ n. Ht. spoil to be tkartd or divided; 
noil taken in war or by force; plunder. [Fr. 
httin; Ger. beuU; Sw. by**—ht^ to divide.] 

It-pMp^ bO-p^, n, a play among children, in 
wfaidk isat^ef* from behmd and cries bo. 

Boras, bO^nks, n, a shining mineral salt used for 
soldering, and also in medidne. [Fr. ; Sp. bor- 
rax; It. borrmco; Ar. bitrar, fipoim baragm, to 
itaa/t.y-<ulj. hemdfl^bO-raslk, relating to or con- 
taining borax. 

tofUi, bot'dte, n, the edge or margin of anything. 
— v.i to approach near to ; to touch or be ad- 
jacent to. — v.t. to make, or adorn with, a border : 
—ir.p. bor'dering; As./, boi'dered. [Yu bord, 
ionbtre: Ice. and A.S. bord, the edge.] 

tad««r, boc'd&r-^, n, one who dwells on the 
border of a country. 

%m, bOr, v.i. to biie or fierce with an instrument ; 
- to make a hole in ; to weary by ceaseless rraeti- 
tioa— «.rl to penetnUe by boring \—pr.^. bOr^ng ; 
/«./. bored'.— «!. a hole made by boring; the 
dimensions of the cavitr of a gun ; one that 
wearies. [A.S.A0rMi«, toDore,from W,aborer; 
Ger. bokrem: allied to L^Jhro^ Gr. Peiro.\ 

hmr, bat'ir, u, die person or Uung that bores. 

Bm, bOr— didbear^-/«u/ /Msr of Bear. 

Btr% b^, «. Kl a rushmg rear; the sudden rise 
of the tide in a river <Mr estnary, which is accom- 
panied with a loud noise. [Sw. Goth, bffr, the 
wind ; SooL birr, a loud whirring sound.] 

Bonsik b0^r6-as, n,, ike north wind. [L. and Gr.] 


boNsI, bO^rC-al, m4f. pertaining to the north or 
north wind. [L* borea/is.] 

Bom, bawm, /a./, of Boar, to bring forth. 

Berao^ bOm, /a./, of Boar, to carry. 

Borosgh, bux^rOk ». lit a /lace of Protection; a 
corp o rate town ; a town that soids representa* 
tives to parliament [A.S. burg, bttrh, a city~ 
A.S. be o rg an , Ger. bergen, to protect] 

Bocrosr, borVo, v.t, lit. to obtain a loan of money 
on security; to take fifom another on loan or 
credit \—fr.p. bor'rowing ; /a./. ^ bor'rowed. 
(A.S. borgia$$—borg, born, a security : akin to 
Borosgh, from the noticm oi security.] 

bORovir, boc'rO-te, «., one who borrows, 

Boooags. boslcl^, n., wood; thicket ; thick foliage. 
[Fr. boscarot bocage; It bosco; Ger. bMsch;E^. 
bush; perbuw connected with Ger. btumtf to 
build, from we use of trees in building.] 

boSky, bosici, a^/'.t woody; bushy; shaidy. 

Booofls, bOO'zum, n. the breast of a human being or 
the part of the dress which covers it ; fig. the 
seat of the passions and operations of the nund ; 
the heart ; any receptacle or enclosure ; the in- 
terior. — v.t.toyxt in the bosom ; to conceal — adj. 
intimate; confidential. [A.S. bosm; Ger. Awm.] 

Boas, bos, n, a swellmgot frotuberatue ; a raised 
ornament ; a stud or Knob. [Fr. bosse; It bonus 
— Ger. bt^, butten, any Uunt point or lump.] 

h oa n i, host, adf. ornamented with oosses ; studded. 

boasy, bos'si, ai(/. having bosses. 

Botany, bot'a-ni, n. orig. ^lasUs for feddtr : the 

science that treats of plants. [Or. ootani, herb, 

plantr— ^Aii^, to feed.] 
bdaak^ bO-tan^, botaaloal, bO-tanlk-al, a^j.^/er^ 

taininf to botany. —adv. botan'litally. 
bolaalBl^ Dot'an-ist, n. one skilled in botanv. 
botaalao^ bot'an-Ta, v.i* to seek lot and collect 

plants for the pur pose s of botany v—fr.f. and ». 

Dot'anlsiog; pa.p, bot'anlsed. 
Boidh, boch. n, a swelling on the skin; a clumsy 

JkUch: ill-finished wotk.— «>./. to patch or mend 

chmasdy *<— /r./. botching; >«.>. botched'. 

[from root of Boas.] 
botehor, boch'to, «., one who botches. 
botchy, bochl, adj.^/uU^ botches. 

Both, both, adj. znd^ron.j the tvtfo ; the one and 
the other. [A.S. outu, batwa, Ger. beide, Goth. 
ba, bajoths : L. ambo, Gr. am/h3 : Sans, ubha.] 

Bolhor, hothfir, v.t. to peridez <Mr tease 'i—fr.p. 

both'ering ; >«./. botlrered. [a corr. of Pothiv;] 
BotHs, botl, n. a hollow vessel for holding liquids; 

the contents of such a vessel. — v.t. to put into 

bottles:-^./, bottling ; >«./. bottled. [Fr. 

bouteiUe,6inufdbotte.^ SeeBool»Batl 

BoUK boti, n, a bundle of hay. [Fr. botal, dim. 

oibotte, a bundle, from root of Boos.] 
BoHam, bot'tom, «., the lowest part of anything; 

that on which anything resu or u founded ; a 

valley ; a ship. — v.t, to furnish with or to reach 

a bottom. — v.L to rest iq>on the bottom 1—pr.p, 

bot'toming ; >«./. bot^tomed. [A. S. botm ; Gar. 

boden; Dan. b$md: connected with Y,, /undue, 

Gr. buthcs.'\ 
bettomlssa bot'tum-les, adj., having no bottom. 
bPttoMfy, Dot^tum-ri, <». the act of borrowiiy; moi 

on a ship <Mr bottom. 
Boudotr, bOD'dwftr, n, a small room where <ne may 

retire to be alone ; a ladVs private room. [FV. 

bonder, to pout, to be suUcy.j 


flUa,(lr; al^hlr; bIm; aOle; nOto; iii09d: thm. 



, bow, n, a faraneh of z tree whidi Mwi <w 

iimit outward from the trunk. [A.S. tfi^, A^^" 
bugan, to bow or bend.] 

Bovflit, bawt— >«./. and^o./. of B«]r. 

Bosldar, tame as bovldv. 

Bmbo^ bouns, v.L, U ttrikt w at tc cauM a 
suddtH MMf#; to jump or vpnag suddenly; to 
boast or bully \—fr.P- boundng ; >«./. bounced'. 
— «k a heavy suddoi Uow ; a leap or spring ; a 
boast ; a lie. [D. bonatn^ to strike — bcnM, a blow.] 

boaaear, bouni^te, n. one who bounces ; something 
Ing ; a bully ; a liar. 

Boaad, boimd— :/«./. and/0./, of Bind. 

Boaad, bound, adj.^ ^rt^nd/or; ready to go to. 
[Ice. buhm, pa. p. of mm, to prepare.] 

Bound, bound, vJ, to nxing or leap >-/r./. bound'- 
ing ; /«./. bound'ea. — n. a spnng or leap. [Fr. 
bondtr, to spring, in old Fr. to sound, to hum — 
L. bomHiart, tonum.] 

Bond, bound, n. a limit.— 9./. to set bounds to ; to 

limit, restrain, or surround:—^./, bounding; 

/a./, bound'ed. [Fr. bcnu; old FT. botu; low 

X. oodina : prob. of Celtic origin.] 
bofondaxy, bound'a-ri, m. a visible bound or limit ; 

border; tennination. 
bosaflsM, boundles, ad/., havifig n0 bound or 

limit ; vast— fi. beiadlMneML 

BoudsB, bound'en, adf,, bmdifig ; required ; obliga- 
tory, [from Bind.] 

BevBty^ boun'ti, ». ori|f. good$uts: liberality in be- 
stowmg gifts : the gift bestowed ; a sum of money 
offereaas an inducement to enter the army, &c 
[Fr. bonti; L. bimitat—bonm, good.] 

boiutMa% Ixmn'te-us, or bount'yus, booatlMI, boun'- 
ti-fool, adj, liberal in giving ; wiUing to bestow. — 
advs, boanteondy, bon^tlftfiy. — ns, bom'teoos- 

BonqiMt, bOO-kl' or htSffkSi, n, a bunch of flowers ; 

a nosegay. XFr.—bosqvei, a little wood— It bosco, 

a wood.] See Boseac*. 
BowKMO, bur^un, vM, to fui Jbrtk sprouU or 

buds ; to grow i—fr.p. bourgeoning ; /a./. 

bour'geonea. [Fr. lo ur gton, a bud-shoot] 

Boun, Booma^ b6m or bCKton, n, a botmd or bowtd- 
ary; a limit [Fr. bomt.} See Boond. 

Boun, Boaraa^ bflm or bOCm, n, a stream or rivulet 
[Scot bum, a brook ; GaeL bum, fresh wator : 
Ger. bruimtM, Goth, bruuna, a spring.] 

Boal^ boot, M. lit a bend;^ a turn coming round 
at certain intervals ; a trial ; an attempt [A.S. 
bugan, to bow or bend.] 

Bevlna. b(fvfn, A{f . pertaining to cattle. [L. bos, 
bovu, Gr. bimt, an ox <»■ cow.] 

Bow, bow, vJ. to bend or incline towards; to sub* 
due. — v.i, to bend the body in saluting a person ; 
to yield :— ^./. bowing ; /«./. bowed'. — «., a 
betiding of^the body in nfuting a person ; the 
curving forepart of a ship. [A.S. iwyfmf. to bend.] 

bowMT, boVte, «. an anchor carried at tne bow or 
forepart of a ship. 

bewUae, boltn, m. ht the lino of the bow or bend; 
a small rope to keep a sail close to the wind. 
[bow, and lin*J\ 

bowsprit, bowsprit n, a boom or spar Protecting 
from the bow of a ship. \bow, and ^^V.j 

bow, bo, «. a bent pieoe of wood used to shoot 
arrows: anything of a curved shape as the rain- 
bow : the Instmment by which the strings of a 
violin are sounded.— #». bow'maa, an archer. 


'^^'^^^ boWek, «.//. the Interior parts of the 
i**^; the entrails ;/[r. the heart, pity, tender- 
ness. [Fr. bovau; old Fr. boeli low L. b^iUlU, 
th« bowels — L. boUUus, a sausage.] 

Bom, bow'^, ». orig. a chamber; a shady omcU* 
sure or recess in a garden. [A.S. bttr, a dbam- 
ber ; W. bwr, an enclosure.] 

bovary, hcm'ttA, adj, containing bowers ; shady. 

Bowia-kalfa, bOl-nlf, n. a dagger-knife worn in the 
southern states of America, so named frona its 
inventor C<^<mel Bowie, 

Bowl, bol, M. a round diinking-cup ; the round, 
hoUow port of anything ; a wooden ball for rolU 
inf along the ground. — v.i, to play at bowls ; to 
roll along like a bowl : to throw a cricket-balL 
— v.t, to roll as a bowl. [Fr. boule, L. buUa^ 
A.S. bolla, Dan. boUe, any round body.] 

bowlar, bOl'ir. n, one who bowls, or plays at bowls. 

boirtdar, bOlM^r, n. a large stone rowtded by the 
action of water ; in geol, a mass of rock trans- 
ported by natural agencies from its native bed. 

Bowllna, Bowsprit See under Bow. 

Bow-window, same as bay-window. 

Bos; boks, n, a tree remarkable for the hardness 
and smoothness of its wood ; a case made of 
box or other wood ; the contents of a box ; a 
seat in a theatre ; the drivers seat on a carriage. 
— v.t, to put into or furnish with boxes :— /r./. 
boxing; pa.p, boxed'. [A.S. boxi L. buxtu; 
Gr. Pfxot, the tree. Pyxis, a box.] 

Box, boksk a. a sounding^ Horn on the head with 
the hand. — v.t, and v.L to strike with the hand ; 
to fight with the fists i—pr.p, boxing ; /a./, 
boxecr. — w. boxcar. rDan.Mr>(, a sounding blow: 
Or, Pyx, with dencned fist; h,pugnus, tne fist] 

Boy, boy, u, a male cAUd; a bd. [Ger. bubo; 
Swiss, bub, bus; L. PupusA 

boyhood, boyhooa, n, state of being a boy. 

boylahf bojrlsh, eufj- belonging to or like a boy ; 
triflmg. — adv, bojlshly. — n, boylalmoaB. 

Braea, brfis, n, anything that draws together and 
holds tightly^ a bandage ; a pair or couple ; a 
mark in printing connecting two or more words 
or lines ( } ). — in pi, straps that hold up the 
trousers; ropes for turning the yards of a ship. 
— o./. to tighten, make firm, strengthen >-Pr.p. 
brfldng ; pa.p. brSced'. T Fr. bras, a brace, the 
arm, power ; GaeL brae, W. braick, L. brachittm, 
Gr. brackidn, the arm^ as the type of strength.] 

brselaf , brSslng, adj. giving strength or tone. 

braealat, brSslet, n, a piece of defensive armour for 
the arm ; an ornament for the wrist, [Fk*., dim. 
of old Fr. brachel, armour for the arm.] 

brackat, bnk'et, n. a contrivance for holding 
things together; a sup^rt for something fastened 
to a ynJL—^pi. in pnnting, the marks [ ] used 
to enclose one or more words. — v.t. to put within 
brackets ; to place on brackets :-^^^. btadc'et- 
Ing ; A*./, brack'eted. 

Braeh, brak, biach, n., a dog for tracking game ; a 
bitdi hound. [Fr. brtupie, ItaL braeco, a set- 
ting dog, braeeare, to track— Ger. brack, a dog.] 

Braeklah, braklsh, a4j* lit spoiled; applied to water 
mixed with saut — n. bradttShnMB. [Ger. uid 
Dutch, brack, wrack, refuse, spoiled.] 

Bvact, brakt, n. an irregolariy developed leaf. [U 
bractea, a thin plate of metaLgold-leaf.] 

fecmelaal, brak'tC-a^ adj. havingT>racts. 

BrsA brag, vd, orig. to crack, to make a noise; 
to boast or bluster :—/r./. bragging; /«./. 

a, an archer. I to boast or bluster:— 
; mS, hte ; m&ie ; mOte ; mOte ; mOOn ; tkuk. 



ff boutinf ; the thiDg 
Mid«. [l^iL firut, 'cc 

■ teut^l diarmnS io SpcMCT'i F»irT Qukb.] 

hiMUt, Ing'tut, o^f. bouduL— «. nbouler. 

Bntad^ tia'min, *• m pensa of Ihs higbcii cuU 

unmKlba Hindlll. [Saiu. ani*«a»— ^™.*<n^ 

tlw cicaUr, lbs fint dcs^r ^ ^^ Hindu uiiutj.] 

■nU,brU, «.(., AiBMtv amfKur: 

dloji, lea. Jri^^ I>ui- £riv>^. 

n*ll>a rimll : Ibe hki of tciulisa aoil 
inlellecl: tb* mtcUect.— c'. lo duh cnii Ihe 

1^ bdk. »d(rt, brik'sO— bnlu, biofcal-iiU 
~ ~ ' ' ' a plan ovnrgvn witZi 

I, bilk, s. K fe] 


i, chJro 

■ek, biuub, K m ihoor or urm-Wit limh of k 
-K ; ur ofllbool « nilxliniian. — c.<. to dinds 
into bfucba — al to ipiead our u % bnuch i 
—fr^.taiBei^mf.fa.f. bnudiEd'. [Fr. JrascV 
c:"! jnu, W. ^?»f:t, u arm. S« Bi«a.1 


bnashHet, «. 

u iBt, «., a litlU btviKhi m tvif . 

■wsv, iiruia, i*. ■ piece of ivood bvnuHg a 

ftliEtai fts If \\.Jfatiudi ■ mark 

to ^jvrx or nurk with a hU iroT. , , 

</iii&my upoa :— ^-/r bruHTuiB; Af^. hiaad'cd. 
[A.S.ft -^ - ' ->■ — ' 

if infamy. 

a :— ^->r bruHTuig; >a^. hiaad'cd. 
, Ger. brtiw%, to bunv-] 
rub, c.<. to ifuks or wan ai ■ 

l!?'teullii7^'ibte, I 


In^ bnt, H. lit. d n^; a eoDUmpluoiia naioe fot 

■ child. [A.S. ^niM.W., Gael. jn)«, a raci pro*. 

K frs/, 1 duld'i pIiutTon.] 
BnTi, hiiT, mdj. orig, /(m, towtanw, fn^ 

drtiud; raUasli noblt; ounKeoni v.l. I« 

meet boldly: "o ie!j:—fr.f. hrtvlng ; >aJ. 

brlTcd'.-fl. ■ Inw min.-dA', kir^. (fV. 

hrwt: It. ajtd Sjh brwff; Scot, bm; GuL 

ttwark: Ger. ^np, bftaudfuLl 
kiMTwf.llri'J'--- --- ' - — 

bgasfiil threat. '[Sp. ^ 
bnn, brA'vO, ■. lit. d bntvi ■ a 

bandit ; a bind aaaniii. [It. ai 
bnn, bil'TC, u/. , im/ilU/ «»<!iV«/ / wen dooe I 
bawl, brawl, a. atnjSiHif »u>; a ooiiit qaaireL 

— ^/.bcawKnsj/ty.btawled'. [old E?fc^' 
«n^,' Dan. trmlU to talk much and hiih I 
pmK fnm tko nuiid.)— «i. bcawlBr,'laawr^. 

tnwa, bnwa, w. sris. a isar oi Ut Jfrik; the 
pickled floh of tb« boar or of fwine ; the flohv, 
■puiculu part of the body ; niuaajUr Krenstb. 
[tiampoaitioD or A.S. Um, pi. of Ur, a boarl 
It. JTWM, old Fr. MiiD^alumpofaeih.l 

braw^, bnwd^ Mdj. Oeabj ; inp a cula r ! n-oof , 

Bar, bi4, f ,1., to jna.1 at poond -.—tr.*. biaTlni ; 
>a/. blared'. [[raiB roolof Bnak.1 

ttaw bd'tTj ■. aa iumimail lo iriod or ^read 

Brar, bi^ n.,IAicryiiflitmanm:rliartkrrmiiii£ 

laimd.—v.u to Tuake a loud banh (ouno, u an 

as \—tr.t. and H. bra/big .ta.t. biavod'. [Fr. 

braht; Or. *r*-« to oaiS, roar; fcs. »r»l, 

cnuh, noise: ptab. from the sound.] 
Ifajir, brl'tr, n. ooa who biayi like an aai. 
kaa, IraHa, liaid*. Sea nndiit BraK 

kaad. t«d, ■. food made of door or meal baked I 
fig. food : Unlihood. [A.S. Jm^, Imoi, from 
irHtet, Inmlaii, la break : or intuoH, tc 
biTw : K- from Bray, to pound.] 

k«id-ft«MM btedYTtntM. m. t int found 
chieAr in tba Sootb Sea libindi, prododait 
a larg* round /nn'/. wbicb, whsa nianal, forma 
a food aabatitbts ur ArtaJ, 

_ ,. Bor inlemiplioDTuilure. [A.5. J^om 

Galli.M>iwi,«>nai:_Ger,^<lni:isiio.wi-'^ ' 

>< Oil mt, bb; mIMt iUKb; allMi mOOsi Mat 


tetMl, brest, w. the part of the body between ^the 
ncac and the belly ; fig. conscience, dis|)OUtionf 
aflfections. — v.t. to b^ M/ breast Mainst; to 
oppose '.—Pr.p, breast'ing ; /«.>. breasTed. [A.S. 
Irreost; Goth, brustt; Dutch, oorst.l 

kNMtpUta^ brest'pUt, n^,^laU or armour for the 

Imaitwork, brest'wurk, «. a defensive work breast' 
kighf of earth or other material. 

Breath, breth, m. lit. steam, valour; the air drawn 
in and then enielled from the lungs; a single 
breathing, or the time it occupies ; fig. life ; a 
pause ; an instant ; a gentle bi eete. [A.S. breeth; 
Ger. brotUm, steam, oreath.] 

trtsthUii. Ivetnles, adj.j wUfumt or out ofbreath; 
dead ; breath-suspendmg. — ««. lirsilVlMiUMi. 

knathe, brSM, v.u to draw in and expel breath or 
air from the lungs ; to take breath ; fig. to live ; 
to rest. — v.i. to draw in and expel from the 
lunss as air; to infuse by breathing ; to give out 
by breathing ; to give vent to ; to utter softly or 
in private :— ^./. breathing ; /a./, breathed'. 
— n. and adj. teeathlag. 

Bred, bred,/0./. and/0.>. of Breed. 

Breeeh, brech, h, the lower part of the body behind; 

the hinder part of anythmg, especially of ajgun, 

— v.t. to put into breeches ; to funush with a 

breech:—^./, breeching; >0./. breeched'. 

jperfaaps m>m root of BMak— the part where the 

Dody divides into two legs.] 
breeehas, brich'ez, n.^ a gsument worn by men 

over the lower part of the body ; trousers. [A.S. 

broc, pL brrnc; old Fr. brogues; L. braccee.l 

Breed, brCd, v.t, lit. to Mourish, or kee^ warm; 
to bring forth or generate; to hatch; to train 
or bring up; to cause or occasion.— v.t. to 
bear and nourish young ; to be generated or 
grow ; to have birth i—fr.^, and o^'. breeding; 
pa.t. and/o./. bred.— ». that which is bred; 
offspring ; kind or race ; a brood or the number 
produced at a birth. [A.S. bredan, brtudsm: 
connected with W. brwd^ warm.] 

breeder, In^d'te, n. one that breeds, or brings up. 

tareedlBf; brCdlng, h. aa of producing; nurture; 
education or training ; manners. 

Bre«n, brSs, «. lit. a cool wmd; a gentle gale ; a 
wind. [Fr. britef a cool wind ; It brexMo, rhiiln*»€f. ] 

teeeqr, br€s1, adj, fanned with or sulgect to breezes. 

Brettrea, plural of BrDtber. 

Breve, brCv, «. a brie/ or sAort note; fonnerly, 
the longest note in music, ||q||. [It. breve— L. 
brevis, shcnl. In old churu^ music there were 
but two notes, the long and the breve or short. 
Afterwards, the long was disused, and the breve 
became the longest note. It is now little used, 
the «mK^mv beins the longest note.] 

brevet brev'et^ n. a Mort doounent or warrant ; a 
commission entitling an officer to take rank 
above that f or wh ich he receives pay. [Fr.— L. 
brews, \—H, totretcy. 

teevlary, brfi'vi-ar-t^ n. an ahridgmtni or eMiome; 
the book containing the daily service oi the R. 
Catholic Church. V^x. brevuAre^lu, brevu.\ 

brevier, bre-vCf'^ n. a small type originally used in 

^^intinfl: breviaries. 

brevHy, brevlt-i, n., shortness; condseness. [L. 
brevitm s h revi s.\ 

Brew, IvOO, v.t.t to boUandmix; to prepare malt 
so as to make ale, beer, &c ; to contrive or plot. 
— ^.iL to perform the operation of brewing; to 
be in a state of preparation:—^./, and n. 



rwing; Aa,p. brewed'. [A.S. hreovan: Ocr. 

^^**«»; allied to 'L./ervere, to boU.] 

" •-y"'* brOO^far, n, one vrtio brews. 

•"•••iJ. IvCWir-i, H, a place for brewing. 

Bribe, brib) «. lit a piece of bread; somethinc 
given to mfluence unduly the judgment or oat- 
ntpt the conduct-- v./. to influence by a oribe ^— 
pr.p, bribing ; >te./. bribed'. [Fr. bribe, a lump 
of bread ; wlmw, to break, briw, a fragment.) 

briber, brTb'6r, n. one who bribes. 

bribsry, brib'te-i, «. act of giving or taking bribes. 

Bride, brik, n. lit a piec* broken off; an oblong or 
square piece of burned clay ; aToaf shapedUke 
a brick.— «r./. to lay or pave with bricks :— /r.>. 
bricking; >«./. bricked'. [A.S. briet; Fr, 
briquo; Fr. briser, Gael bris, to break; con- 
nected with Bieak.] 

brlekba*, brik%at, n, a piece of brick. 

brlok-kllB, brik'-kil, n, sl kiln in which bricks ate 
burned. [bricks, 

bricklayer, brikla-6r, n, one who lays or builds with 

Bride, bitd. n. lit on* owned or purckased; a 
woman about to be married, or newly married. 
[A.S. bryd. Ice. bruda, Ger. braut. a bride ; old 
Ger. brUt, one betrothed ; W. priod. one married 
—friodi, to XDaxrt—priawd, owned.] 

bridal, brtd'al, m. lit a brieUs aU; a marriage 
feast ; a wedding.— «<^'. belonging to a brid& or 
a wedding. [A.S. bryd^al.^ 

MdeHsaka^ brid^-kftk, «. the brides cake, or cake 
distributed at a wedding. 

brtdigrooa, brfd'grODm, n. the bridds man ; a man 
about to be or newly mairied. [A.S. bryd- 
guma, from ptma, a man.}— «w. bride'-nald or 
Mde's'-aald, Mde'-aaB or brldeV-maa, attendants 
at a wedding. 

Bridewell, brld'wel, n, a house of anrection. [from 

a pakce near St Bride's Well in London, af^- 

wards used as a house of correction.] 
Bridge, br^, n. a structure for carnring a road 

across a river^ &c. ; anything like a oridge.— v./. 

to build a bridge over :— /r>. bridelng ; /«./. 

bridged'. [K.S.bricg, Ice. bryggja, Ger. brOcke.} 
BriAe. InI'dL h. lit the bit strings ; the instrument 

with which a horse is governed. — v.t. to put on. 

or manage with a bridle ; to check or restrain. — 

v.i. to hold up the head ; to shew n>irit i—pr.^. 

brfdUng : /«./. bridled- [A.S. bridel: old Gct. 

brittil; Ice. bitill: prob. from Ut, the part hi 

the mouth of the horse.] 

Brief, brCf, adj., short: condxe.'—adv. briefly.— fi. 

brief sen. [Fr. brr/, L. brevis, short.] 
brief, hrif, n. a short account of a client's case, as 

instrucaons to a counsel; a writ: an oraer 

authoriung a collection of money to be made in 

brlefleaik brSfles, a4/, without a briet 

Brisr, httht. n. z,/rickly shrub ; the sweet-brier and 
the wild-brier, species of the rose, [oki E. brere, 
A.S. breer, Ir. brusr, thorn.] 

brioy, brf*r-i, adj.,/uU^ briers; prickly. 

Brig; brig, n. a vessd with two masts, square 
rigged, [shortened from brigmtlne] 

Briffikdfl^ bri-^kl', h., a troop fffigkHstg men; a 
divisicm of troope under a general officer.— 
v.t. to form into brigades :-^^./. brigfldlns : 
pa,^. brigftd'ed. [IV. brigade, Sp. brifada, It 
brtgata — low L. briga, strife.] [brigsde. 

brigadiar, brig-a-dCr', n, Uie officer commanding a 
brigand, brigand, n,, a Ught armed soldier; a 


ftte, Or; mC, hte; mlbe; nOts; mtlte ; mOOn; Men. 


"" • C?5"*riM» *• *«e*»o^«; plunder. 
tmruM-In, IK. a coat of naU worn by 

MM toy trtgandt or pirates; a small bng. 

to cheer or 

. ^ -,_. ^ - to make witty or acute.-l 

![:^* kEK"?*"* ^ brighter; to dear im:— 
>r.>. fangfac'eniag ; >»>. bright'ened. 

arti bril, «. a fish of the turbot genus. [T] 

.^wrf/ sparkhng: gUttering : splcndid-i. a 
^nood so cut as to render it monglittering.^ 
mfi. IrtiriMi^.-,^ Wrtaacy. [ft, briU^^ to 
shme : prob. from L. Uryllm, a beryL] 
M% brim, «. the r«w or upper edge of any- 
tfung: "jwgui or brink of a riveTS lake; the 
•oP-r:^- «o fill to the brini.-<r.i: to be full 
S c £^ •"^^V* l>«i?«n^>«W : >«./. brimmed'. 
J^h teS**/ ^- ?*»• ^nfii.*; Ice. brim,\ 
trtfri. Wim'fpoi, •dj,,/mUtciluhrim, 
ManMr. bruorfa', n. a vessel or bowl brimluL 

"fUffp"- ^'*"'^°» n.,burmng stone; sulphur, 
[ofci E. hytut0tt^—A.S, hyne, a bunung--^!yf^ 
«t«, to bum. and x/mr.] — ^— .t,^ 

fctoi< brind'ed, Irtodled, brin'dld. «^:. Kt 

SSjiSt^-J^* "**.' f*''-^*«- [A.S. Uytu.] 
Ma^, brlsri, o^. pertaimng to bnne or the sea ; salt 
Msf, bring, 9./. to fetch from; to carry to; to 

conduct or lead ; to draw or induce .'—^.>. brine'. 
^,/a.i. and /a./, brought (brawt). [AS. 
irtstgmm, to bring or carry.] 

ktt. bringk, au the edge or border of a steep 
E«^«" « a nver. [from root of Brnk : or fiom 
LdL kreaghe^ Scot Mw, a steep.] 

•**» tris^ adj. ixS^ of life and spirit: active; 

2»n« ; elTerrescmgas liquors.— a/v. teUklj.-^i. 

■"«■•■. ^ [other forms are n«sh, Mak. Fr. 

W'ttT***— Celt Matg, hruc—lnys, haste.] 
W*s^ brisk'et «. the hreati of an animal; the 

Tx, bncket, brtdUt.} ' 

MrtK briiT, n. short, stiff hair, as of swine.-fr./. 

to cause to.nse m bristles.— er.i to stand erect 

l^. *w//, 4yrr/, Dutch, AwrilA, Soot kint,\ 
»]g^1^ttT«> ««^. tct with bristles; rough.— iv. 

Bnush. [I^^r«iWwM»f— ^f^ifowtM. Brimi^ 

pwhajjs from (>lt *rtM, *rii^. painted, tie BrilOTS 
baoff u the habit of painting their bodies blue : 
orPhfleniciaa, barmi-tmac, land of tin.] 
■Ma, bnrish, a^. pertaining to Gf«at BHUUh 
or its people.— M. BHf on, a native of Britain. 

**'"^ iSS: *^- "^^ ^ *'*«*' «^ brokeft. 

i3J!1?b!SS;i '^^ ^^"^ *^^ '«• 

brOch, v.t. xojierct a cask for the purpose 
awing off the liouor ; to begin upon or open 
>uana^:-^./.bro«chlng ;>«./. broachS?: 

^^^^rsi:^^^ thrustor .tab; Gtd. 
■rwMl. bjawd. mdj\4xUmUd in irtadth, or from 

^""^Ji?^'* wide:indeHcate.-«^.l«ai?? 
H-^^^kSSTT- fA.S. ^; Goth. MrST^' 
to!!l^ tei*'"' *?*^' firom side to side; w^dth. 
iB^^brawd'n, v.U, to makt hrottd tx br^yad^, 

T^J'x}^ ir*T "«*<1 or extend in breadth >- 
h£^^:^^f^J ^>: broad'ened. 
lw»4jlds, brawdm «, the «& of a ship; the 

dudurge of aUiSe guns on one side rtTa sUp 

at once ; a sheet of paper printed on one sideT 
Bnjcads, brt-kad'. *«. a siOc fabric on whidi figures 

of any kind are wrought so as to produce a Mt- 

S2>fw^?* * 'fisedpattSTat*^ 

^n^^B^ssr-- "-^^ ^» <5dt Mg^' 

Bwecoll, broko-li. «. ht j/nm/r/ a kind of cabbage 
reaembhng cauhflower. [It hroccole, a sprout] 

''*^"^i**'^?''» .*•' " *'^^ *»* ftiiched: a 
pamphlet [Fr.^nv^rr.tosUtch— *n»e>lr,aneedU] 

■«*»tt^ brOg, «. a stout coarse thoe; a coarse dia^ 
tect or manner of pronunciation. [Ir. and Gael, 
^nr/v shoe, hoo£] 

Broldsr, Broidaiy. See Bmbroldtr, Bmb(r«id«ry 
Broldasd, broid'ird, in x Timothy ii. o, a misprint 

for tooidsd = temldsd. "*«Fnnt 

fcoO, broil. «. a noisy mjanrd; a confused di«- 

torbance. [It 3fv^;>r. *n««/i;rr. to jumWe.] 

won, broU, f ./. to dress or cook by exposure over 

'm *br^ ^-^•«- 'wf JJ^'*5>**«*^ 

brmUr, hrntUUr—bruis*, burning coals.] ' 

Broke, brOk— did break-/a. /. and dd/a .>. oflMak. 
Broker, bnOl^to. n. one who transacts business for 

another, [old E. brocour; A.S. hruetm, Ger. 

broMchm^ to use.] 
Msrace^ brOk'«, «. the business of a broker; 

the commission charged by a broker. 
BroBehla], brofigldal, mdj. relating to the btwukia 

or ramifications of the wind-pipe in the lungs. 

[Gr. bronehoif the wind-pipe.1 
b wwftkitls^ brong-kftis, «. inflammation of the 

bronchiae or of the Inonchial membrane. 
Broaa^ bron^ m. an alloy of copper and tin, of a 

bronm otbumed colour ; anything cast b faronse ; 

^ colour of bronse.--v./. to give the appearance 

^bronse to ; to hutlen :->r^. bronslng ; /«>. 

oronxed . [F r. ; It brmiMo — brwtM*, glowing coals: 

conn, with brtmo, brown, and root bnn, to bum.] 
Brooeh, brOch, n. an ornamental >»• for fastening 

a shawl, i>laid, or other artide of dress. [Fn 

brock*, an uKm pm— Cdt broc, a point] 
Broo4, brOOd, v.i, to sit upon or cover in order to 

^fVA/ or hatch; tocover as with wings; to think 

on with long anxiety.— ^./. to mature or cherish 

72^ ^^''~^'^ brtJOdIng; As./. brODd'ed. 

[A.S. brodj a brood, from root ot Breed.] 
Wood, brOO<^ M. something bred; the numbet 

hatched at once ; offspring. 
Brook, brook, «. lit water brtdking through the 

earth ; a small natural stream otwater. [A.S, 

broc—irecaH, to break forth.] 
ktMklel» brooklet, »., a UttU brook. 
fcook, taook, r./.. to boar m endure >->r./. btodc'- 

mg ;>«./. brooked'. [A.S.Mw»i, touse, to bear.] 

'^'^ brOOm, «. a wild evagieca shrub with leak> 

£Ue, f2br ; mC, hkx ; mine ; mOto ; mflte ; mOOn ; Men. 



h«>#i»iln'twin; a boMm Bftd* of III t«^ 
fA.S. and Dut^ hwm: Sw. ^tvm, bramUe; 
Ger. ffriemm^ broom-^(^:<rm, an awL] 
Bvvtk, broth, «. liquor in which fleth is hrnmi v 

Fr. hrvmt: GaoL ^rv#-^nMcA, to boiL] 

Brothal, broth'eU ». orig. « HUU cttUtg^s a houM 
for prostitution. [Fr. h^nUl-Urde^ a hut.] 

1lroth«r.brui!4r«r^ a aale of the MflM irvM/or >rvM/; 
a soa of tha same parrats; aajr one closely 
united with another { a feUow-cnatom.— //. 
trsthwi (bnUA^tea) or krtlira (brai^ren). [A.S. 
3f^y:*#r, Ger. hrmUr^ W. Mnw<; GmtLhwMMr; 
Tr./rhv; l»,fraUr; Sans. M»«/rvl] 

toothir4a-]aw, bniM^ftr-in-law, ». the faiother of a 
husband or wife ; also a sister's husband. 

ftrollMhoed, bra/4r«r>hood, n, the state of being a 
brother; an association; adassof iodiridualsof 
the ssune trade, ftc 

feretteUks^ bni^ftr-tlk. btMMrif, bruM'4r4i, ^{f., 
Uk* m ^thtr; kind ; affectionate. 

Brooghsa, brCR/am or brOOm, u. a one-hone close 
carrisge, dther two or four wheeled, named 
afterLord Brougham. 

Breeghl, btawt,>a./. and>^. of Brtec 

Brow, brow, n, the ridgt over the eres ; the fore- 
head ; the edge of a hilL [A.S. Srmw; Dutch, 
hrauwt; Ice. bra: W. hyn^ a hill: or con- 
nected with Gr. 0^kryt, 'L./rcnt, the forehead] 

browbeatt brow1>Ct, v./. to bear down with stem 
h?fm, looks, or harsh sp ee ch ; to buUj* 

iNwa, brown, m^. of a bmrmd colour ; of a dark 
or duskr ccMoor inriining to red or ydlow.— «i. a 
dark reddish coloor.— v./. to make brown or give 
a brown oolottr ^^r^^ browning: >«^. 
browned'. (A.S. Sfihit Ger. §nnu$ A.S. fyftutHf 
Ger. #WMMrM, to bum.] 

teowalA, brown'ish, mtij. somewhat browM. 

browa-fltatfy, brown'stud-i, n, dull or gloomy 
reverie ; absent-mindedness. 

BrowBSk brows, v.i. and v.i. to Ibed on tfie i ^ isw ft 
oi i^ants v-fr^, brows^ ; /«./. browved'.— 
!»., tfromU^ or tender brsnches of plants. [oU 
Fr. h%u%Mt\ Tt* S pwtitt * himt, a ^trout.] 

Brmia, brOO'in, n. the ifvwMi animal ; a bear. 

Icilss» brUOt, v./., §0 hrtmk or crush ; to reduce to 
snudl fragments \—Pr.p. bmi^ng ; AM. bruised'. 
— 4K. a wound made by a heavr blow. [A.S. 
hytmt^ Fr. krimr, Celt, hrit, to break.] 

ftrslsw, br00s'4r, n*% »tu thai brmite*; a boxer. 

Bntfl, brent, n., mm t tikH ^mt i at d mt t '^mt l : a lumoor 
or report— V.I to noise abroad; to rumour:— 
>r./. bruiting ; As./, bndfed. \Tr. brmt-^Tr., 
It trmn. low L. iny^, Or. kmcki^ to roar: 
probably mutathre like L. fHfU, to roar.] 

Bmal, brOOTmal, «<r., rtitOinr U winitr; the 
season of the yea/irtieif the days are ^kdrtnt, 
[L. J i MW , for l nKfu sa , the shortest day in 
win tu ' h t M WU t short] 

InaelK br8(V*net^, n. a woman with a hvmm or 
dark complemoQ. [Fr., dim. from r^MR, btown.] 

irvnt, brunt, m. the kmti or violence of an onset or 
contention ; the force o{ a blow ; shodt [A.S. 
hvmt, boilin g J jhik w, to bum.] 

•rarii, brush, m. an instrument usually made of 
krittUs, twigs, or feathers, and used for remov- 
ing dust &c. ; brushwood ; a skirmish ot encoun- 
; the Dushy 


tV^. hruM, It hm$c»f a brush; Ger. 

hrush, i^rgU.cUd Ger. brmiOt bristle.] 

^vAiweod, brush'wood, m rough hrmakUki 

a thicket 

;, broosk, mt^, blunt, abnipc, 
V It hrme^, rude.] Sea Brklk 


Brale, brfJOt, m4f., dmii: stupid; bekmging to the 
lower animals : rude ; savag«.»^k one of the lower 
ff"'"**'T { an unfeeling, unreasonable man. [Fr. 
^TM/, L. tnthu, dulTimtional.] 

bralal, brtSDfaL «4^., Ukt a krmU; uaieeliag; io- 
human. •md9, braf aUy.-^s. brelM^tly. 

, tailofafox.— v./. to remove dost, 
te., from anything \y sweeping.— w.dl to move 
over lighay>-^>. brushing; >a^ brushed'. 

brOOC'al-Is, v./., U mtJk Hkt m irm^, — 
v.i, to become lika a bruto >-^> brut'allsiDC : 
/a./. brufallMd. 

brafelsh, bitJOtlsh, «(^., trmMit In A, unwma. 

BaMK bubl, «. a bladder of water blown out with 
air ; anything empty ; a chreting sdkeme.— w.i^ 
to rise mbubbles »-^./. bubbling ; A>-/* 
bubbled. [It ^aMv^; L.Mfa: DuA^isM*/: 
from the sound made by boiling water.] 

Bassaaesr, Bassalir. bok-a«fli', m, a pirate. {Tr, 
h&mrnmtTt to smoke meat— Carib. Mm em n , a grid- 
iron. The French settlers in the W.Indies cooked 
thrir meat on a Jew nm , after the manner of the 
natives, and were hence called AmMnsm.] 

, buk, «. lit the AmTMn^ animal ; the male of 
the deer, goat sheep, hare, and rabbit [A.S. 
4«r, hmcm; w. imni; GaeL ier, a knock.] 

. _ buk, V.I. to mmk or rttep in lye, a process in 
blMching \—pr^, and n. boating ;/«./. bucked'. 
— «k lye in which clothes are Beached. [Ger. 
ArwcJuw, hmtktn; liv^hfgt; GaeL Am*, to steep : 
also given from Ger. Mmt, the beech, because 
lye was made of the ashes o« the beedi.] 
basktbera, buk'theni, n, a shrub bearing a porgw 
ing berry, used in dyeing. 

taake^ buk'et n, a tmmU irttu^ or #mI.* a 
vessel for holding water, ftc. (Ft. imctut^ dun. 
from bac» a trough; Dan. imk; Soot hmckei,} 

Badds^ bukl, n. an instrument (orig. of a puffed out 
appearance like a ckttk) for i ss r e nin g dress, &c. ; 
a curi ; hair in a criqwd or curiy state.— ee/. to 
£uten with a buckle ; to prepare for action. — 
V. A to bend : to engage with seal :— /r>. buck'- 
linff ; At>. bod^likL TFr. bamU; low L. kmc 
cmZb, dim. ethteeit, a cheek.! 

baokkr, bukl^ n. a shield with a htdU or cex»- 
tral boM. [Fr. h o m li i r l ow L. Iw ttw/ l s .] 

lantisa, buk'ram, n, coarse linen cloth stiffened 
with glue, and originally having open Mfs or 
intetwoes.— «<^. made of buckram ; stiff ; pre- 
cise, {li, b mMfnim la w, a hole.] 

Hikwbsst, bok'whtt, n, lit b«tdk mkemi: a kind 
of grain having three-cornered seeds like beech- 
nuts. [Scot bmk, beech, and wkmt; Ger. 
buck^wntMtn-^HuJU, the beech.] 

■■sitti, bo-kollk, adj, pertafadng to iStut itndiHg fit 
M//M7 pastoral.— ft. a pastorsTpoem. [L.KeM»> 
Off; Gr. h 0mMi k90 l»wMts /w , a herdsman— Amtf, 
an ox, and /Msl, L. C9Ut to tend.] 

Bai. bud, «. the germ or first shoot <^ a tree or 
plant— v.i to put forth buds ; to beein to grow, 
—v./. to graft by inserting the bud of a plant 
tmder the bark of another:—^/, budffmg; 
^/. bndd'ed. [Ger. kmta*: Dutch, b^i.] 

BaddhlBB. boodlnn, m. the religion of the greater 
part of Central and Eastern Asia, so called from 
a title of Its founder, ' the BmUkm; ' the wise.' 
[Saas. ladA, to know.] 

fftt«,flr{ mCbiffi 



; C Mtf, t IcUhan t^- 

mi bujU by the auLBCtUw of Ihi 

Cdu *^r. « rouod'bodr^ 

op. rv^J, *r. —tffii; L. imtaJm; Or. ttnia- 
Imj tnb>bty DUDad from <a or.] 
M Uil: ■■ katha BMd* from Um ifln of Dm hA 
.Ab,ac.j ilwoolaaicir buffi sliihtTcUow. 

• ^^iffv duQ heiTy blow i ■ box. 

>bp, or blow.— v./. u arilH wilh a hn^at dull 
bavTHOBdi toWiUp,<ir blow; tocoplend 

n. (wK*— «wfft, •blow; tia.p^, Inmiiff, 
fcwmcd rnai&a ■audefibUnr.] 
krtK. buTTtr. «. ■ Hit cwbioci lo doadn tlM toj' 

—atKhiirUt,m.1^aitUto(ati,raB; ft kind of 
cnplieud. [Ft. fct^t; JauRUr', tabrouih, upj 

curii, ud VcDiiB m iiiuffof lir.] 
•rtsg*, buT-AxiD', H. fit ooe who tous bT>^ 
iv ODt hii fftcrH Bod '"■tf*"g fTiPHCu; dqb 
vMH [unftiMloB Ii ID uauia «Eeii, by tmul 
KHL bdioaoB poMvio, Ac i » down. {Fr, 
Mum ; It. ttijfirw, to pii<r, uorm, Jctcl 

t nl ii M T . bnf-IBOD'tM, a. the ncdcet of ■ buf- 
(»■: liidiaouii]rTidt*(Jcitui|. 

*m. boc. H. lit. « (^f if Umr; ippliod lo 
■cvciil Biecia of ioKCti, <«wcul]y to ou dut 
b>fEnbeuia,1wli.ftii [l^fav.mbobfDblin.] 

>»tf iir. but'hfa. n., « .y«f fTUmr, m » *wr ; 
■ KmnrweibDbfoblw. 

>«K btfll. —Hi* — , bO'ri.hDm, k. Ijl. > f^r 
ot tufSt, a Buikal winf inimuiiDit oApsSiy 
nuda front J< rf i T/ tf 4tf<T<.* ft kng ihioiDf Had w 
Uark|bM. 5Mft.fc»ir,fc(;t. 
iKWCTbuJHi ri. t^irTJivlir, lobdkiw; 
prob. Htmad fWn tlia'ay {if the buflftla.) 

Ml^ U>t v.i ts niie a aMl<v-/iE»< « houH ; 

' >'/te&iu;A^buU,ttb(ifll^i±^B*kri 
Ifun. IoldS.tra';A.3.JirUM:G«r.«»iM.I 

bnw, bOd-er, m. OM «l< fcuMi, or wfaou 

Muiic Wine, ■; ftirrlbliig bidl); > bOBM; the 



FT'oid Sw.' 

ML booL ■. tbo MbMr,- Oft taalo of tb« on 
kadi ft ^ of tha iikIuc. [Idv Cer. MU, 
lnUi ! GaJiUm. A. S. i>UM, fa|M», u bcUow i 
L. i« ; Cr. iw : from iu roir.r 

taU-^il, boordoc, a. a (pcciei oT dfr of fml 
cnulfa, fonnerlT uiad for baidsg tulli. 

bftD-asiia, bool'fiBcfi. K. ft ipccio oljimi, with ■ 

taOHk, baofak, n. liL a wMf fciff ; la « or eak 
DaUdbuU. [A.S. >1uV>ca,aiaJf,a)vuaibuU.] 

Ml, boDl, «. on(. a ^aMfr, Kal, or uamp ; ftn 
cdkiof thaPopa, wiiich hai hujH/aSaid: a 
comndictonr uocr, v blunder. (Fr, h-iJr : Ic 
hOi; lo* U iW/a, a wsl, from L. ^<^, a 
bobble, anytbiiii nniDdad br an.] 

kalM^ bool'le-da, a. Ul ■ :blU hJll an oKdal 
RjttTt of »Uic oew^ bftvuf the Ha/ or (tamp 
oTaotbonty. [Fi. : IL >aifrfau, dim. o< h/ila.I 

baHat, booriet, la. r '■-'- ■— ' — '-"■ - '--" -' 

dim. of iw!(, a b 
Wtik^ booTyuaiia. 

and nlitcr nearded aimplr br waigbt fti mcicEaa- 
diH. [Fi. ^UhlIovX. imiUu, aiaaiiorield 
«• iUtei— L. in/j^J 
■MlT, boon, ■. a Nuitrimg, ntUj. owbaaring 
fellDW.— rr.L (0 NmiIit. — g.l. w tbiaalan la a 

CDBlch, MiUrww, Sw. iaX^, noua, clamour.] 
l a tiw^ bool'nHb, ■., ■• ^'V*, atmia nuh, which 

of lajla, and mrA-] 

defanea erlabiiLlly 


1. work.]" 

undp.baIUK [prob. 

■ |Tl-'"». buBilAI-if, . 

acHTupliaaof Jmi^iat^] 

nM»ba^ twm'U-bC, H. a latfe kind of iar thai 
maJui ft tiammvtg or jlwwaujy cound; tba 
buBibU-bea. [IhitSi, itmmtb, lirmmilt ijM 
Hiw, 10 drum: L. itmUt, u buu, hiun.] 

■■haa^ bum^S^ n. \ etam^ boat uKd for coo. 
njriuf EKariBODi, &«., Iv tale to thkIi in port 
or affiSara. [Ahw. Iht buttookl, and laat.] 

MBit bump, V.I., It ilrOi H at tafiBt a thJl 
tnlld; to Iblko ftialnU. — *.!. to malt* ft loud, 

i *-"-w noiaa:— /f.*. bumpln*; /ajl. 

dulL bcav7t blow; ft thump; ft 

lump: from the i 

ake.oraweetbnad. {Jr.hf£itJ,x)fliinfitMrn4lt 
ft tmaH cake ; GuL jxiuacj- ScoL i^mtck,') 
nioo, bun'yuD, a. ft /■•'*> on Iha fT«ai toe. 

a Afwr/ or Maunf! a heap; a 

MaiLa bcap— Java, u (well outi 
■ftikr, liundi% au{/, powini in or hJ] of hi 


tk or oat into a bundle :-^.>. W<JHnrs>^/- 
bon'dled. [A.S. i^^M^^-froa the rook of BtO.] 

■mc bung, «. tbe stopper oT tbe bob) in a barrel ; 
a large coik.— p./. to »top op with a btmg: Jo 
stop up*.-^./. bung^mg ; /«.>. banpd'. [old 
Ga, kmmgt, a dntm: from die hollov sound 
made bjr dnring in a bung.] 
Bogle, bnng'gl, n, anything dumsily done; a 
botdk orbrander.— 9./. to perform in a dumsy 
way ; to make a mess of; to botch.— r.i. to art 
in a dumsT or awkward manner:— :^>. and 
a4/. bangOmg; >«^. bungled. [Ice. bdnqm, 
rude ait: from old ^. A«v». *«^ *» itnke. J 

Hagl«, bong'gUr, n, 0m wh9 Imng^tl a bad 
worlunim ; a dumsy awkward person. 

■oka. See under Baa. 

Bol, \nxX,n.^AKthulgingot9weUiMroutiMst^%. 
sail : the middle nut or belly of a sail [Sw. 
hu$U, Ger. bund, Dan. hundt, a bundle.] 

Biattag; hunting* Botine, bundn, n, a thin/ar/^ 
t0l9UTtd wooUen doth of which shipsT flags are 
made. [Ger. bwU, Dan. boKt^ paru-coloured.] 

BBB^Bf; bunt^g, n, a genus of Urds allied to 
finches and naxrows, remazkable for a knob in 
the roof of the mouth. [Sw. hunt, a knob : or 
Ger. ^i»/, oarti-coloured, from their harbg many 
smail blade spots.] 

Baej, bwoi, n. a floating cask or light piece of wood, 
(asteo^ by a rope or chain to indicate shoals^ 
anchoring places, or the podtion of a slup^s 
anchor.— v./. to fix buoys or marks ; to ke» 
afloat, bear up, or sustain. — vd, to float \—fr.p, 
buoy^ ;>»./. buoyed'. [D. hoey, boti, buoy, 
fetter; old Fr. buU; low L. beja^ a cham.1 

toamnl, bwoi'ant, mdj, floating like a buoy; light; 
elastic ; cheerful— m. baej^aaey. 

Bmr. bur, n, the xvickly seed-case or head of certain 
plants, which slides to clothes Wu ajlock ^tuooL 
[Fr. houmt flocks of wool ; It horra^ any kind 
iA stuffing : low L. hurray a flock of wool] 

hvdook, bui'dok, n, a dock with a prickly head. 

karr, bur, n. a huskiness in sounding the letter n 
as if ajlock o/woointn in the throat.-~cr.i to 
speak with a burr. 

Bvbol, burnx>t, ». a fish like an eel, named from 
iu butrds, [Fr. barboio—'L, barba, a beard.] 

Bwdea, bui'dn, Bnrthoi, bui'Mn, n. what is borne; 
load: weight: cargo; what is difficult to bear; 
anything oppressivei — •'./. to load ; to oppren ; 
to encumber ^-/rj/. bu/denina; /«./. bur'- 
dened. [A.S. fyrtken^ byrdett^-beran, to bear.] 

Uairtsiisoiaa. bui'an-sum, adj, trouUesome to be 
borne: heavy; oppressive. 

Baisau, bO^O'. or bO'rO, m. a writing-table or chest of 
drawers, orig. corned with d^rk doth : a room 
where such a table is used; a place for the trans- 
action of puMic busineas.— /^ Barsaaa, bQ-r(r, 
Borcaas, bO-rO/. [Fr.— old Fr. bure^ dark brown, 
a coarse wooUen doth ; L. bumUt dark-red.], 
iiasasranT bQ-rOlua^, ». a government admin- 
istered by btreamt or departments, each under 
the contrd of a chieC 

Bvih. bui'rO, or burg, same as BonoflL 

hvgac*, burg'ftj, h, a system of tenure m borottfks, 
dties, and towns, by which the dtizens hold 
their lands or tenements. 

bailMB, bulges, targhw. burg'^, m. an inhabitant 
c^ a borough ; a atisen or freeman ; a M.P. for 
a borough ; a magistrate of certain towns. 

bar^go-mas-tftr, n. a burgh master; 


in RoDand, Gennany, ftc, the chief mn g i«tTa» 
of a borough or atr. 
teglar, burglar, ». lit. a b mg pv bb er ; omo «b» 
rffbt or breaks into a house. [A.S. bigrg, and 
old Fr. idire, L. Ar/yv, a roUier.] 

ly, burgHar^, «., act of a burglar: breaking 
a house by night to rob.— «4f' bofla'tloaa. 
_._4y, bnx'gun^fi, «. a French wipe, so called 
from Burgumdjt in France, where it is made, 


into burlesooe x—pr.p, buiiesquelng ; /«.>. bur- 
lesqued'. [Fr.; It buHeuo; low L. buri€»- 
chus, satirical— ^wr2arr, to jest, from a dim. of 
L. burra, a flock of wool, a trifle.] 

Bifly, bur^, adj., boor-like; bulky; Ixrisfeeroos.— 
n. tailiasas. [<Ai^ boorefy,) See Bow. 

bum, v.t, to consume, or u^fura by fire.— ^^dL 
to be on fire; to fed excess of faieat :— /rv/l 
burning; At./, and /«./. burned' or burnt.— 
n, a wound, hurt, or mark caused by fire. [A«S. 
byruoMt Ger. brtntuftf to bum.] 
mar, bum'fo, h. one who bums; the part of a 
lamp or gas-pipe fifom which the name arises. 

Batalsb, bumlsh, v./. lit /aMol^ ^nnmi; topolish: 
to make bright by rubbing. — v.i. to becoma 
bright \—Pr.p. bum ishing ; >«./. burnished. — n» 

. polish ; lustre. [Fr. bnmir. It brunire, to make 
Drown, from root of Brava.] 

bacBlAar, buralsh-te,*., one tkatbundshes; a tool 
employed in burnishing. 

B«mt'«aafflBg, bumt'-of-ir-ing, n. something ^ered 
and burned on an altar. 

Bair* See Bar. 

Bamw, bur'rO, n, a hde in the ground dug by cei»- 
tain animals for shelter and defence.— v.u to 
make holes under ground as rabbits ; to dwell in 
a concealed place :-:^./. bux'rowing ;/«./. 
bur'rowed. [A.S. «wr» ^*»«*. * ^^ or place of 
mittf—beorgan, to pr^tert or shelter.] 

Barsar. burs'ar, h. one who keeps M#/t*»Tir; a trear 
surer; in Scotland, a sbident maintained at a 
univerrity by funds derived firom endowmenta. 
[Fr. boursier; L. bursarius—bursoy a pyune.] 

taraary, burs'a-ri, n, in Scotland, the aUowanoo 
paid to a bursar. 

Bam, burst vJ., to break fato pieces; to break 
open suddenly.— r.fc to fly open or break im 
pieces; to break out or away r—^./. bursting : 
pe^t. vadM-/' burst— fK. a sudden outbreak ; a 
breaking up or out iA.S* berstan, fyrstan, Ger, 
bersten, Sw. brista, to break.] 

-/, ber'ri, v.t., to hide in the ground ; to pUce a 
dead body in the grave; to hide or Mot out of 
remembrance:—^./, bur'iring; >«./. burled. 
[A.S. birgan, to bury ; Ger. betgen, to hide.] 

bnial, ber'l-al, n, the act of burymg a dead body. 

Bvihy, bu$l)i, «. a large, shagev, military cap» 
worn chiefly by the Royal Artillery. 
Hh, boosh, »., a thicket; a shrab thick with 
branches ; a branch ; anything of tuft-like shape. 
[oM E. buskj Ger. busch. It. bosco, low L. boscnsA 
lahy, booshl, adj, full of branches; thick and 
spreading.— ». bashlBMB. 

boosh, the metal box or lining of any cylinder 
in'which an axle works. [Ger. bOchse, a box] 

ate,ar; m«,h4r;m]Ba; nOte; nflte; mOOn; tkm. 


, boe^el, «. Ht. « UHU hx{ a dby measoro 
for measttriB^ fTain* ftc, coataJning 8 gaUou. 
See under B um. 
bask, v,i. to prepare ; to dress:— :^./. busk% 
iag : As./, busked'. [Ice. hta, to prepare.] 
Bosh, buskp «. <»rig. a hoi or body garment ; tba 
piece of bone, wood, or steel in the iront of a 
woman*! staya. [See Bast] 
B«iia, boskln, «. a kind of balf-boot worn by 
actors in tragedy, and made in ancient times 
widi hq^ heels, [oki Fr. br^u ^ui m l ow L. 
i^iraa, leather.] 

last but, n, the human body from the head to the 
waist; a (nece of sculpture representing the upper 
part of the body. [Fr. bustt—Gtx. hrusi, breast] 

»astar4, bust^ard. n.'iXt.iJu slaw bird; a genus of 
larecL heayv boda of the ostrich family, and of 
whicn the Great Bustard is the largest of Euro- 
pean land birds. [Spu tibttiarda, avutarda; L. 
«mr lardEa, slow bud, from its stowness of flight] 

B1K bu^, v.i. lit. to busy ooit*% self; to stir 

quickly; to be active in one's motions:— :^.^. 

bonding ; As-A bui^tled.— «. kuiry ; stir ; tumult. 

[old E. btttkie, nroh. from A.S. bysii, busy, 

tysgUm, to haij^ 

Buv, bi^l, adj. lit engaged in the execution of 

9ri*rt; frilly employed ; active, dilicent ; active 

in what does not concern one^ med d lin g. — v.i. 

to make busy; to oocupy>-^./. busying Ctnd* 

S^ag) : /a./, basted (bijrid).-i«<A^. batfytKz'i-li). 

[A.S. h*^: perhaps conn, with Bid. to order. J 

tirfBiBi. bi^nes, n. lit state of being ^mck/ empbv- 

meat; engagement; trade; pn>fe»ion; ones 

concerns or affairs ; a matter or affair.«y, bi/i-bod-i, n, one bu^ about othen^ 

affairs: a middling person. 
BUk but, >n^. or ccnj, lit b* ffui; without; ex- 
crat: besides; only; yet; stilL [A.S. buian, 
withoot— ^, and uiam, out, widumt] 
Bat; but, n, the end. See MMi 
BiMar, booch'te. ». lit a slamgkieftr p/buckt; 
one whose busmess is to slaughter ammals for 
food ; fig. one who delu^hts in deeds of blood.— 
at./, to uuai^iter animals (or market; to pot to a 
bbody dttth or kill cruelly ^-A'^• butch'ering ; 
A>.>. Vutch'ered. [Fr. bffmJur-^b0ue, die male 
of the goat, &c, males being more usually killed 
for food : some say from batcktt the mouth.] 
MMhvy, booch'to-i, n. great slaughter; carnage; 

a sfaiughter-house ; a meat-market 
Balkr. bulTttr, n. lit Mf boiiU-btartr, or one who 
Itts charge of the wine bottles; a servant who 
has duuge of the Uevcrt, plate, &c. — w. batlar* 
iU». [Fr. bcMttillur-bpuUilU, a botde : also 
given from tatttry (which see).] 
Belt, but, v.i. to r/rtlir with the head as goats, &c : 
— >r.>. butting: /«./. buttled. [Fr. bpttUr, to 
push; It boU, a Uow ; W. pwtww, to butt] 
tsit, but, «. lit /A# ttrikingend^a thing: the 
tluck end ; a mark to be shot at ; one who is 
made the object of ridicule. [Fr. but, a mark.] 
|fitt-«Bd. but'-end, n. the ttriUttg or heavy end; 

Bafet, but «. a Uuwe baml or cask:*, wine-butt = 
xa6 gallons ; a beer and shernr butt = xo8 gal- 
lons. [It. and Fr. botU^ Sp. bota, a wine-skin, 
a wooden cask.] 
bBMoy, but'tte^i, n, a store-room in a house chiefly 
for drinkables kept in ^w/^ or other receptacles. 

^w/^ or other receptades. cabinets 9l 
ate. Or; mi^>^» »^Im; mOte; mOte; 


; but'tfar, n. an oQy substance made from 
cream by churning.-^./, to ^read over with 
butter:—^./, buttering ; >a.>. but'tered.~AM 
JaTtwy. [A.S. bntsr; Gcr. buttsn L. bmtyrum; 
Gr. benii^rvn^-bmts, ox, tvraSf cheese.] 

bnttareap^ but'tir-kup, m. the popular name of a 
conunon flower of a rM»-shape, a spedes of crow- 
f oo^t he colour of which is nice that of butter. 

battsfflj, but'tAr-flT, m. the name of an extensive 
group of beautiful winged insects, so called firun 
the butter colour of one of the species. 

BatloA, but'uk, n. the rump or protuberant part ol 
the body behind, [from taM^ the end.] 

BaMoa, but'n, «., a ineb of metal, bone, ft& used 
to fasten uie dress by means of a button-hole ; 
the knob at the end of a foil. — v.t. to fosten by 
means of buttons :— ^./. butt'oning ; >»./. butt> 
oned. [Fr. boutan^ from bcuter, to push : Gael. 
^utan, a button— A^A to push; W. beiwm, a 

Battraas, but'tres, n. that which abuts from and 
thus protects ; a projection from a wall, tower, 
&c to prevent them mlling outward ; a support 
— v.t. to prop or suraort :— ^.>. but'trcssing ; 
/a./, but'tressed. [See Abal] 

BoxMB, buki'um, a^'. orig. easfly bewed to oije's will, 
yielding, obedient ; gay ; livdy ; vigorous. [A.S. 
bocsun^-beogan, biigan, to bow, yidd, uid seme.} 

B«y, bT, v.t. to purchase for money ; to procure for 
a price ; to btioe :—/r./. bu/ing ;/«./. aad/a^, 
bought (bawtO. [A.S. byegan, Goth. bugjan.\ . 

tayar, bfir, m., ene who mtys; a purchaser. 

. bus, v.i* to makeahumming noise like ^M^— 
V. t. to spread by whispering reports i—Pr.f, buss'- 
ing ; >a.>. buzzed', [from the sound.] 

Board, btts'zard, n, a bird of prey of the folcoa 
fiunily. [Fr. busard, \*. butee.] 

9fj bT, >n^. , at the side of; near to ; through, denote 
ing ue agent, cause, means, &c. : in B., against, 
req>ecting.— a</9., bende; near ; passing : in prn- 
ence of; away. [A.S. bi, big, Ger. bei. Sans, abhi^ 

by aad by, adv. soon ; presently. 

by-hkw, bf-kw, n., a law aside; a private or sub> 
sidiary law; the law of a dtjr, town, or private 
corporatioa. [some say from Dan. by, a town.] 

bf«aaM^ bf -nlm, n. a nickname. 

by<word, bC-wurd, m. a common saying ; a proverb. 


Oab^ kab, n, abbreviated from Oateletol, whidi see. 

Oab^ kab, «. lit hoUew: a Hebrew dry measure =. 
nearly 3 pmts. [Heb. i»^Aa3a3^ to hoUow.] 

Obbala, kal/apla, n. a secret sdence of the Jewish 
Rabbis for the interpretation of the hidden sense 
of Scripture. [Heb. hibbel, to hide.] 

eabal, ka-baK, n. a small party umted for some 
secret des^; the plot xXseM.—v.L to form f 
party for a secret purpose ; to plot i—fr.^. cabal- 
tog ;/«./. caballed'. [Yx.cabaU.] 

Oabbaff^ kab'ftj, n. a vegeuble, the useful part of 
which is itt head, [Fr. cabeche. It ca^cte; 
L. m/m/, the head.] 

Oabla, kabin, n., a hut, or cottage ; a small room, 
espeoially m a ship. — v.t. to shut up in a cabin. 
[Fr. cabane; W. cab, caban, a rude little hut] 

eablaat. kabln-et, n., a little cabin; a small room 
or closet ; a case of drawers for artides of value ; 
a private room for consulution — hence fha 
OaUnsi^ the ministers who govern a nation, 
tbtnat mater. kabln-et-mSk'^r, n., a maker «r 
cabinets and other fine fiimiture. 

aaOOn; ihoL* 



flUdi^ kTbl, II. A roM or chain wMcb ^ or Mk I 
■BythiBg, eflpodJuly a Mp to ber anchor. iFr. ; 
IL ca^/&: L. ia^ubtm, mhaltu-^eapid, to hold.] 

OabooM^ ka-bOO^, ».. a UHk coHn; the kitchen 
or cookinf -atore ot a ship. [Ger. JimSuM, a hut 
--prob. from root of OaMa.] 

OikfMiA, kab-ri-O-U', m, a oorerad carriago with 
two or four whoaU dimwa by ono bono, and 
whkh has a £^d>j^#»iM;i' motion uko a goat, [Fr.— 
L. ea/ru, a goat] 

Cartriimatlwi, kak-in-nl'thun, H.,UMdUu^itr. [L. 
cackittm^, to laugh k>odly— from th« sound.] 

OMkl^ kakl, n, th« mmm/ made by a Am or #«#««. 
—«».«. to make such a sound >-fr.p. cackling : 
>«.>. cackled'. [D. iwir*r/m— from the sound. J 

Oaeopliony, ka^koTO-ni, m, a hmd^ disagreeable 
mmtd; discord- of sounds. [Or. kmkM, bad, 
/A#Mi, sottnd.}-«i^. eaeoph'wMis. 

Oadawoos, ka-daT'^us, adj, looking like a 4iad 
koify I siddv-looldng. [L. redlacwr, a dead body 
--Mi^, to ull deadlj 

OaA^. kad'di, n. a small bos for holding tea. 
(Chmese, emitf^ the wei^ of the tmall packets 
m which tea is made upij 

Oade^kld, «.aAerr«/orcaalt. [L. amAkt, a cask.] 

(Meaes. kl'dens, «. lit. %fmnbig; tht/aUot the 
▼oice at the end of a sentence: tone, sound, 
modulation. [Fr.— L. eadf, to (alL] 

oust, ka-det*, ». lit « littii u^tmin; the younger 
or youngast son ; in the army, one wlu> serves aa 
a private in order to become an officer ; a student 
in a militaiy schooL-Hi. saiet'sMp. {Tt. cmdtt, 
fbnaeiiy cmpdet—^iBm Lk €m^Uitmm, a little 
captain.] See Oaptaia. 

Oiiasoai^ ka-dalnis, mdJ^^JkUing eariy. as lea««i 
or flowers. [L. em d it e m rad !», to &u.] 

fcs ai a, Ot wi m, se-tQ'ra, is. a syllable n«tf e^at the 
end of a word after the completion of a foot ; a 
pause in a Terse. [L. <»wf », amsumi^ tocutoff.] 
^~4uty, essa raL 

OsM^ M), ». lit « Mbw /£k»; a phce of con- 
finement: a box made of wire and wood for 
holding birds or small animals. [Fr.; It emUia; 
Ik cmvea^ a hollow i^ce.1 

Sidolak ka-joK, v.i, orig. to sJlure Mis « emgt Kke a 

bird ; to coax : to cheat by flattery :—^./. dOOl'- 
ing; >»./. cajoled'.— m. esjolar, ka-jor^, ea- 
lolsry, ka.iOl'er^l (Fr. M>Mr»*-okl F^. i«#fr- 
eaveotmt <um. of L. tm9ea,\ 

fhirm,laixn,n.,akim^^rtomn, [Celt Mm.] 

Oattt^ kl'tif, n. orig. a c»pHvt: a mean denicable 
fellow. < i<y . mean, base. [It emttive; L. o^ 
ttvttt—cM/w, to take.] 

OaMsk See under Oagsw 

OakSk kBie, ». a piece of dough that Ss baked or 
cooked; a small loaf of fine bread: any flattened 
auas baked hard.— v./. to form mto a cake or 
hard mass.— «.«^ to become baked or hardened : 
— /r./. caking : As./, cflked'. [Sw. kaka ; Ger. 
kttcAen JkocAtm, Lr. cofno, to cook.] 

CUabaSh, kal'a-bash, m, a vessel made of a dried 
gM(9itf-shell ; the gourd. [Sp. calabatm , the gourd] 

Oaisiatty, kal-am^ti, «. lit a storm that bjures the 
fttd* or stalks of com; a great misfortune; 
aflUction. [Fr. caiMmiii; h. atiamiUu— cairn,- 
*rm§^ Or. kmlmmos, a reed : or ■■ cad amit a»~~ 
cmdo, lo CUL]— A^ eatomltoas. 

ealama^kaFa-mus,*. an Indian sweet-scented grass. 

CalaSk, ka-hah', n, a light low w kooUd carriage 


]^ a foldfng lop; a hood worn by ladlM to 
H^ect their bonnets. [F^. eaUckg; It cmintm; 
Slay. JUlo, pL JkoUtA, Russ. Mn6, wheeL] 

Oaletae. See under Oala. 

Oaiealatt^ kallcO-lit, v.i, lit to count by the help 
of tmmU stones: to reckon: to adjust— «.^ to 
make a calculation: to estimate >-^./w cal'cO- 
llting:/a./. cal'cQUted.— «</: eal'ealaMe. (L. 
eaicmlo cmlctUus, dim. oicmlje, a little stone.] 

eakalstlnn, kal-ktt-llfshun, m, tks mri or prooesa qf 
(XI fcTtfit tif^c * estimate. 


•alsalater, kallcQ-Ut-or, «., oiu w/kc caiculaits. 

eal0«ta% kal'kQ4us, n. one of the higher brandies 
of mathcmatica.-^/. ealsall, kal1cQ-lL 

OsMreSf kawrdron, n, a krce kettle for boiling or 
A#«/m^ liquids. [L. cmidar ium caUdus , hot^ 
csUeOt to grow hot] 

fl sls <l > al s ^ kal-e-do'ni-aa, mJ^, peftaimag to CaU' 

oe i e B i % kaFendxy n, among the Romans. &e firrt 
dav of each month on whidi the holkiays w«re 
coUlod, (L. cmlomdm o c mio, Or. kaioi, to call.] 

ealsndar, Ical'en-dar, n, a register of ike monike; 
an almanac ; a li^ of criminal causes for triat [Li. 
calendeuris, relating to the calends cafmdme.} 

O s iea^sr , Ical'ennUr, m, (a conuption of Oyllaiar} a 
press coosbting <M two fv/2rfy for soMothing and 
dressing doth.— w./. to dress in a calender :-->r^. 
oal'endering ; /a^. caTendered. [Or. Jkyitt$dr9S 
•^kyUmlg, to nXL] 

(Mi; klf. jt. the young of Oe cow and of some odMT 
animatt; a stm>id, cowardly person; the thkflc 
fleshv part of the leg behind.--^ satw. [A.S. 
cm//: Oer. ktM; Goth. iMs/l#; OaeL cm^J 

ealre, klv, v,i, to bring forth a calf >-^^. calv'- 
ing ;>«./. calved'. 

(MIkor, kali-ben i». t]ie site of the bore of a gun ; 

diameter, [fr. cmUkre, the bore of a gun ; It. 

calikro; old Fr. ftmMr s L. fttd UhiA, of what 

weight, hence applied to the diameter of tho 

bullet, which dettfmined the diameter of thd 

gun: or from Ar. kaitS. a modeL] 
eattte% kafi-ber, m., ^MMj/oxr of mind ; Und. 
ealtp«% kall-pArs, ealipr-Bompasssa, kaTi-pftr- 

kum'-pas-sex, «., com/asses with bent legs for 

measuring the duumeier of bodies. 

OsUes^ kall-kO, m. cotton-doth first brought from 
CmiUui in the E. Indies. 

Oam; OaUpb, kilif; orkaHf. m. the name assumed 

by the sttecessort of Mahomet [Tnik. kkmii/"; 

Ar. k kmim/ , to succeed.] 
eattats^ eaUpkat^ kal'if-At, m the office^ rank, or 

government of a caliph. 
OaUgraphy, oaiUffapky, kaplig'kapfi, n., heemHM 

h*Mtd-mf%tim£, [Ghr. kmUs, beautiful, grofki^ 

writing— fni/4#, to write.] 
OsUpsra. See under CaMbw. 
Oillslbsiiln^ OsBlitWBks, kal-is-d>en'iks, <s. taefches 

f<Mr the purpose of promoting /twcvAk'iwm aswdl 

as strength of body.— «<f. eallstkn'ls. [Gr. 

kaiost beautiful, sikenos, strength.] 
OaUx. SeeOalyz. 

Oaik, kawk, v.i, to stnflT (asif>f«saMf wHk ikeJM) 
oalaun into the seams of a ship to make it water> 
tight ; to roughen a h<»ae's shoes to keep it from 
shpping :— >r.>. calking :>a^. calked'. [L. caU 
care, to tr^ tmder foot— eaZr, the becL] 

OaOfkawl, v.iL to cry aloud ; to inalce a short vUt 

ftte, ftr; mf, hir; mine; mOte; mOte; mOOn; Men. 

^^titp n 

— «.l 10 BUM) to Mmmoa; to molat or pro* 
c3aira *.i—fr^. camac; pm^ eaIle<r.-Hi. a sum- 
mons or hmtotion: an impulst ; a daraand ; a 
short ^rish; a shrill wUstlo; the cry of a bird. 
tA.& tmUimm^ U mU, Gr. hmU9, to call] 
ssBlii; kavfia^ «. that to whioi a person Is 
«o/W upon to dowNo his attention; trade; 
professoo ; oocupatioB. 

CsDosilj, kal-lo^ti, n, a iUnf swelling on the skin 
vhhMfriliBt. QL tmttMJtmt'-^mlhu, hardildnQ 
— — kaHits, «<f., kmrdtmd; {asansible; un- 

OUlov, kaKa, «^., AaiV; not covarsd with feathers ; 
wniodgedi [A.S. «aJS», D. 4»ilw«iir, L. eahms.] 

Osks, kirn* «(^. still, as in noontU^ kntii froe from 
wind I nndisturfaed; coU ect cd. w . absence of 
wfakd; repose; serenity.— v./. to make cmlm: 
to qoiet ^--^•/• calm'^inf ; /«•/. calmed'.— «^* 
oslmV.-*«* •■iBi'iBass. VTx. cmbiu ; low L. comma, 
Gr. ifciniiwr, nocmdaj heat kaio. to bum.] 

Oslsmt^ kafl^mcl, n, a preparation of me rc ur y 
mneh nsed aa a mBdicinr : the wkUt sublimate 
got by the application of heat to a mijcture of 
BBwrcury and corrosive sublimate, which is Msoi. 
(Gr. kaiott fiur, mttlas, black.] 

Qstekb ka4ar1]c, fltw itfoZ ; the supposed principle or 
cause of heat. JL. cmltr, heat— «e/f», to be hot] 

sslerifla^ kalfOr-iflk, mdjn, earning kMti; heating. 
PL cmlcr, andySftciS^, to make.}—*, sakrlftea'tlMi. 

Orirtjfi. kaTo-tlp^ n, lit %Um»$t(fuiimtmjn; a kind 
of photography. [Gr. iaUt, bsautOul, iypa, 


; kal'om-nl, iv. fidse accusation; slander. 

, ka4iua'ni^ v.t to accuse fidsely ; to 
slander.^UL to spread evil reportt ^->r./. 
calom^utting ; >a>. calom'niitod.- 

ka-lnm'ni-aSf mdj, of the nature of 
calumny; slander o us. 4u h f, selaaiUeeriy. 

Oyvlaftat. kaTTin-ixm, «. the doctrines of Cahrin, 
aa eminent religious reformer of i6th century. 

OsMalslk kaTvin-ist. «. one who holds the doctrines 
of CeiMs. 

CUvlalrtK kaWrin-istIk, OsMalstlsdL kal-vin-ist^ 
kal, m4/» pertaining to Cmhnm or Calvini&m. 

CMi. kalks^ n., ehmlk or Umg; the substance of a 
metal or mineral which remains after being sub- 
jected to violent heat.-^. (Wzes^ kalk'iix* or 
caiea^ kaTsis. [A.S. tmk, tmU, chalk ; L. calx, 
lim ee r o n e ; Gr. tJkmiis,] 

mkatmoM, kal-kfrftdtt, s^. like or containing 
cJkaii or iinwr. [L. cmlcarim, from calr.y^n. 

selcla% kel-eb/, v.t to reduce lo a eai* or cktiOky 
powder by the action of beat— e^.f. to become a 
calx or powder by heat \r-^^. eaUxibarw^gi ^J, 
and M^cakteed'.— «. eslata^Mea. 

iBliiiiiBifc|, kaUcoc'ra^, m. lit ckali^writimf ; a 
atyie of eogravmg like c k al k^ dr a ^img , offf* 
Mlmisjfclssl (L. oiJLr, and Gr./n|^, writing 
f r aphi , to write.] 

Ctlym, CaUx, kal'ik^ or ki1iks» n. the outer cewT' 
^gjoc arp of a flower.—//. tMjum, OtJffm, or 
Oeneas. (X* ; Gr. iafyx-^kafy/U, to cover.] 
€»aMa. kimlirik, m, a kind of line white Unen, o^ 
ginauy mamdactnred at Ca$mbray in Flanders. 
kl. m di d c oine ^at i Umm of flssM. 
kamfd, m. fit. ^ imtur ; an animal of Ana 

aad AA4ea with one or two humps on its back. 

used as a beast of burden and for riding. [A.S. 

camfU, old Fr. camel. It camulU, h. catmthtt, 

Gr. kamilas, Heb. gamal, Saas. kmtmslai proU 

from Ar. chamaL to bear.] 
SHselepaiidl kam^lo-ptrd, or karn'ol-A^iIrd, m. lit 

the camcl-paHlhtT; the giraffe. [L. cam*lo*mr' 

clalis; Gr. AamiUi, Mad/ardalit, the panther.] 
Mmclot, kam'C-lot, n. a cloth originally made of 

catmePs hair, but now chiefly of wool and goafs 

hair. (Fr. ; It cambclotto, old It camcUth-^ 


Osmama, ka-merya, m, a spades of e v erg vs cu 
shrubs, natives of China and Japan, (named 
from CamcUi, a Spanish Jesuit, said to havo 
brought it from the JCast] 

OMue, kam'e-«, «. a gtm arpreeUut titmg, carved 
in relief. (It camau^; Fr. camSc; bw L. 
cammtnu—'L. gtm$ma, a precious stone.] 

OsBMrSj kam'te-a. m. lit a ckamhcri an instrument 
for throwing tne images of external objects on 
a white surface pbced within a darie chamber 9i 
boa. (L.] 

■ —■ rst sd. kam'AivAt^ adj., ckambtrwd; divided 
into chamberts ardied or vaulted. 

flIuUst, kamlet, the more usual spelling of essMleft, 

tlswemns, See (BuBomtls, 

QuK^ kamp, «. lit a flam or field; the ground 
on which aa army pitch their tents: the tents 
of aa army.— ^.». to encamp or pitch tents >- 
>r.>. camping: fa.p, camped'. [A.S., Fh 
camp, a camp ; It ca$mpo—\„ cam/tts, a plain.] 

is aipstfn. kam-jAa', n, a large optajUld or /lam; 
the time dunng which an army keeps the neld.^ 
v.i, to acm in a campaign i—pr.p. campaign- 
inS! MJ» campaigned'. [Fr. campagaes It 
camPagna. from L. caa^p$a.] 

mmpd^m, kam-pfta'4r, «. one who has served 
several £»iNr/ai(fiw. ' 

aaaifsstoal, kamopes'tia], a^, growing la or pefw 
taming to^A«r. (L, campetlru, bwa campM.} 

OsBpaalform, kam-pan^i^brm, Oampaaalate, kam- 
oan'O-lftt, adj., im iMe/erm efa bell, applied to 
Bowers. (It eampana, a beO, and/ffrm.] 

esBpaa^egy, kam-piuM>Ko-H, n. a tUscourxe on, or 
the science of, Ar//r or bell-ringing. Wucampana, 
a bell, and Gr. logos, a discourse.] 

Oliwbsr (in B., Qsmphlre), kam'for, «. the white, 
scuid juice of the laurel-tree of India, China, ana 
Japan, having a bitterish taste, aad a pleasant 
smeU. (Fr. campkre, It cat^era, low u cam- 
pkera. Hind, kapur, Malay. \apura,\ 
snipfcerstsi, kaanor4tfed, aaj, impregnated with 


SMqpboria, kam-foi^ a(^. pertaining to camphor. 
Osa, kaa, vM orig. to know; to be able ; to have 

sufficieat power. (A.S. cam, know, u able ; A.S. 

cwmoH, Goth. kuHHon, Scot ken, to know; 

Ger. kifmten, to be able.) See Kaow. 

Osa, ken, n. a vessel for holding liquor, origiaaOy 
inade of the stem of a reed. (A.8. catme; C 
cam$ta, a reed, a vessel ; Gr. ktuml, a reed.] 

Osaal, kapnar, m. lit a channd or water^^^^; a 
channel or passage for water, made by art ; a 
duet in the body Cor any of ks fluids. [l^coMalit, 
a water-pipe, from camma^ a reed, a pipe.] 

dum'nel, n. the bed of a stream of water; 
the deeper part of a strait, bay, or harbour; a 
strait or narrow sea; nMoas et passing or con- 
veying. (L. eamalis.] 

Dtte, fkr; mi,hte; aiiae; aiOte; Qilo; 



CtaMxft lob-nS'ri, m, a wine, from die Ctmarf 
IsUuids ; a bud orig. from the Canary Ttbnilti. 

Ican'sd, vJ, lit. to make erus-hars like 
laittcf-wffrk ; to cross a writing with lines; to 
cross or Uot out ; to annul, or suppress : 
can'cellinff ; /«./. can'oelled. — «. the act 
ctlling; the part of a work suppressed or 
[Fr. ctmetlUr; L. ca$ufllo, nom cattcelli, dim. 
ofctmcer, a lattice.] 

esneenite4, kan'sel-l9U-ed, mJj. crossed by bars or 

eliswnsi, chan'sel, n. the part of a church where the 
altar is placed, formerly enclosed with laiticetf 
but now with rails, [old Fr. — ^L. cancellt, 

•hsaetOor, chan'sel-lor, n, the preridcnt of a court 
of ckatutry or other court.— m. ehuft'eeUofship. 
[Fr. ehancelier—'L, umetlli^ the cross-bars that 
surrounded the judgment-seat.] 

Ohuiesry, chan's^r-i, n, the highest court of justice 
next to the parliament, presided over by the Lord 
High CkoMCtlhr. [Fr. chmnc*UtrU.\ 

Osaeer, kan'sftr, n. a crab: a ngn of the zodiac ; 
an eating, spreading tumour or ctmktTt supposed 
to resefloble a crab. [A.S. «MMvr, emttcrt; L. 
ca$tcer; Gr. iarkiMMf Sans. JkarAa^ a crab.] 

ssaesrsts^ kan'sto-At, v.$. to grow into a cancer or 
tumour:--^./, can'cerlting ; /«./. can'cerftted. 

eaaesratiea, lcanHB£r4L'shun, m. a growing into a 
cancer or tumour. 

■aaetrMi^ kan'ste^us, aJj. of or like a cancer. 

esaerlfem, kanglcn form, a4/,, crah^ike; can- 

saaksr, kang^te, m. a cancer; small sores in the 
mouth; a disease in trees, or in horses' feet; 
anything that corrupts or consumes. — v.i. to eat 
into, corrupt, or destroy ; to infect or pollute. — 
v.i, to grow corrupt ; to decay : / n/. canlc'er- 
ing:>a.>. cank'ered. [same as L. «a«^irr, orig. 
pronounced canker.'l 

saakereas, kang1c6r-us, adj. corroding like a canker. 

caakOT^worm, kan^^r-wurm, n. a worm that 
cankcrt or eats mto plants. 

l1sn<ilslHeii See under Osaila. 

OsalM, kan'did, adj. lit. whiiCj tksMimi: fair; 
sincere ; fiee from prejudice ; frank. — adv. eaa- 


I TH^ *^* brtnches for holding Eghti. [Fr. ; It. 
J^^Uure-lj. camUla.^ 
* ji**. • chandlAr, m. orig. a cattdU maker and 

dealer ; a dealer generally. [Fr. cJkatuUlitrA 
ftli i n dleiy, chandlfo-i, «. goods sold by a chandler. 
Mnei<ooal, kan'nel-kol, esadl»«Ml, kan'dUkOl. m. 
a very hard, black coal that burai with a bn^hC 
flame, once used for candUs, 
Cib4ow. See under OaaOM. 
OsBdy, kan'di, n. crysullised sugar ; anything pre- 
served in sugar.--^./. to i»eserve or dress with 
« .... p.fc to 

. «ugar,J 
OsM, kftn, «. lit. a rted, as the bamboo, ftc. ; 

did]y.— M. eaa^dldaess. [Fr. camiidc; L. ca$ulidtts 

• cand to, to shine.] 
saadev, kan'dur, n, lit a doMaUng whiiitun; 

freedom from prejudice or dlsgmse; sincerity; 

openness. [L. candor, from ctmdt0.'\ 
esadldste, kan'di-dit, n. lit. one elcHud in whit* ; 

one who offers himself or u proposed for any 

ofllce or honour, so called because, at Rome, 

the applicant used to wear a white dress. — n. 

eaa'rtHsteslilpi [L. candidahUt from ai$utidnt.'\ 

OiBdls^ kan'dl, «. lit somtthiHg tkminr; wav, tal- 
low, or other like substance surrounding a wick ; 
a light [A.S. candil; Fr. chmndcUc; L. candcla, 
from eaitdtOt to shine.] 

eeadlssttek, kan'dl-stik, n. an instrument for hold- 
ing a candle, orig. a stick or piece of wood. 

OsadlewM. kan'dl-mas, n. lit the candle Jtast; a 
festival of the R. Catholic Church in honour of 
the purification of the Virgin Mary, on the ad of 
Feby., and so called from the number of candles 
used. [Osadta^ and Mass.] 

ssiKlslsliiiii. kan-de-Ulmun, is. lit a candU" 
hearer; a Inranched and ornamented auidle- 
stick.-^. esaisla'feea. [L. ; from candela.\ 

tfbiBdttla; shan-dfi-lei', ». lit a candlestick; a 

waOdng-stick.-^./. to beat with a cane ^-/r./. 
'^nlng ; >«.>b cined'. [L. canna^ Gr. kamm^^ 
; kanl, ad;, full of or made of canes. 

esalstsr, kanls-tftr, m. lit a cane or wicker-Auilr/ ; 
a box or case, usually of tin. [Fr. canistrrr, 
L. canistmm, Gr. kanis ir v H k a HH a .'\ 

Osalae^ ka-nTUj mdj. like or pertaining to tke dcg» 
[Fr. canin, L. ca ttinus, from canis, a dog.] 

ftc. See under Osaesr. 

See under Oaadla. 

flimiitisl, kan'ni-bal, n, one who eats human flesh. 
— €t4J- relating to cannibalisnL [a corr. of Cari- 
AiZw (English, CariUees), the native name of 
the W. India islanders, who ate human flesh : 
prob. changed into a word enressive of th^ 
chaiacter, from L. caniSf a dog. j 

ciernitheHsm, kan'ni-bal-ism, «. the practice of eating 
human flesh. 

Osnaea, kan'un, m. lit. a large ca$u, reed, or jMpe ; 

a metal cylinder for throwing balk, ftc, by the 

force of gunpowder; a great gun. [Fr. eanen; 

It cannoMs; from L. camuit a reed.1 See Osasu 
farniwiads, kan-un-ld', n, an attack with cannon.— 

v.t. to attack or oatter with cannon ^-/r/• 

cannonidlng: /«.>. cannonfld'ed. 
mwiKiater, neimflessr , Ican-un-ft^, n. <ne who man- 
ages cannon* 
Osaaol, kan'not, v.^ to be unable. [asa,and>M.] 
Oinee, ka-nOO', it. a boat made of the hollowed trunk 

of a tree, or of bark or skins. [Fr. cmnet^ Sp. 

canea — caun aoa^ a Carib word.] 
Oi£on. kan-yun', «. a deep gone or ravine between 

high and steep banks, worn by water-courses. 

[Sp. a hollow, from root of Oaaaoa.] 
Omob, kan'un, i*. lit. a measuring<atu ; a law or 

rule. esp. in ecdesisstical matters ; the genuine 

boMcs of Scripture, called the sacred catten; a 

dignitary of the Qiurch of England ; a list of 

samts canonisfd ; a laige kind of type. rA.S., 

Fr., L. canem ; Gr. kamfn kanna , a reed.] 
esMK^ kapnonH^ eancnleal, ka-nonlk-al, a4f> 

according to or mduded in theeanem; regular; 

f^ff l^ nt f^f^ l , atfrr. eanenlteally. 
iaa«in1ffsl% ka-non'ik-als, n. the ofl&dal dress of Uie 

deigy, regulated by die cofiens of the church, 
eaaeakitty, kan-un-i^-ti, m. the state of belongbg to 

the catten or genuine books of the Scripture, 
eaaealst, kan'un-ist, «. one versed in the canem 

law.--«e(/. eaa'enlslle. 
eaaeBtss. kan'un-Is, v.t. to enrol in the canem or 

list of saints :— /r./. can'onlsing ; /«.>• can'oopi 

Xsed.— «. eaaooisa'tien. 

; kan'un-ri, n, the benefice of a canon. 

kan'o-pi, «« lit a couch with mespdte 
curtains; a covering over a couch, bed, ftc., or 

Ute^fftr; m€,hte; aone; aOle; mOte; mOQn; tkmu 


-«./. to oorer with ft casumfi-^^ 
:; >«>. can'oiaed. [oM £. cat$a^, 
i, old Fr. cmo^it L. c M0 P «um, Gr. 


tfveriiead.— v./. to oorer with ft 

Hm»pti»m h 9 n 9^, a moaqmto.] 
QMaraok k»-n0^rus, mdj., musical; mdodious. [L. 

AM#rKf, finom earner, melod y tfa< »», I sing.] 
Ctalk kaa^ 9.i. lit. to titigw nthifu; to talk in an 
affectecttT aokmn or nypocritical way :— >r.>. 
cantinc ;/«>. cant'ed.— «. •.smg^-wttgor whine; 
ft hypocntical style of speech; the langiiage 
pecnuar to a sect. (L. cant^—canaf to sing.] 
saaUdSk kan'ti-lcL «. bt ft Uiilt *9ng: a song >— in 
j^ the Song of Solomon. [L. coMkcttittm, dim. 
etcamtiemtm, from <»«*/«.] 
—ite^ kan'tC, «■. lit. « MMtr; division of a song or 

poem; the treble or leaung melody. 
Osafti leant, tt. Ut. mm tdgt or corner; an inclination 
firom the level : a toss or jezk.— «./. to turn oh 
tkt edgt or comtr; to tilt or incline ; to toss or 
thnist suddenly i—fr.p, canting: /«.>. cant'ed. 
foki Fr. cmtU, It. coMto, L. cattikiu, an edge ; 

Gr. kan t k09, comer of the eye ; W. ca$U, a border.] 
saaftssL kan'ttm, m. lit. a eonur or partitum: a 

smaU (Uvisioo of territory ; also, its inhaUtants; 

a (fivisioa of a shield or painting. — v.t. to (tivide 

into cantons ; to allot quarters to troops. , (Fr.l 
ttfi***^', kan'tun-al, adj. pertaining to or divided 

into cantons. — is. caatea'aMBti the quarters of 

troops m a town. 
CintirtfTtwM, kan-tanglcftr-us, adj, {coUoq.) con* 

tentioto, maUdous, perverse. 
OiiiUMi, kan-t£n^ «. a tin vessel used by soldiers 

for holding hquors ; a barrack-tavern. [Fr. 

cmmtiiu; Tt» camiitut, a bottle case, a cellar, 

from ca$$tvetti>$a, dim. of Amvne, a cellar.] 
Cmisr, kan'tir, «. an easy gaUop.— «r.»l to move at 

an easy gallop. — v»t, to make to canter '.—fr.p. 

caa^tenng ; />•/• can'tered. [orig. CamUthny' 

gtiup, from the easy pace at which the pilgrims 

rode to the shrine at Canterbury.] 
OuttefMM^ kan-thar^i-dex, «.>A lit hettUt; 

Spanish flies, used for Ui^^ering. [L. c an t h a ri*, 

tmtUkaridtSt Gr. ktmikarit.^ 
CftBttds, Osato. See under Oftat, to nng* 
OMva^ kan'vas, «., hempen doth ; a coarse doth 

made of hemp, used forsail^ tents, &c, and for 

painting on; the sails of a ship. [Fr. eamevtUt It. 

canav€Ucio, L. cmMnaUt, Gr. hannabis, hemp.] 
ssbvsm; kan'vas, v.t. lit. to rift through canvas; 

to examine ; to discuss : to soUdt votes. — v.i. to 

seek or go about to sotidt — n. close examim- 

tion ; a seeking or solidtation.— »• eaa'vaassr. 
Oaayen. SameasOaBoa. 
O i nw esl^ kan-sO-net', n. a littie or short song. [It. 

ean w o n e ttn, dim. of canzone, a song; from L* 

canto — cano, to sing.] 
OMilcheM, kOO'chook, n. the highly eUistic juice 

or gum of a plant which grows in S. Amencft 

and Asia ; India rubber. [S. American.] 

Oi^, kap, n. ti covering (or the head; a cover; the 
top. — v.t. to put on ai cap: to cover the cxkdm top: 
--pr,p. txgmvagi Pa.p. cskpptidf. [A.S. ceeppe; 
Fr. cape; Ger. k^l^; Gr. sk«p9, to cover.] 

ips, kflp, M. a covering for the shou l de r s a tta c h ed 
to a coat or doak ; a cloak. 

■gftrtsaa, ka^xu^i-suiw n, the ^ratrrM^ofa horse; 
a rich doth laid over a warJiorse. — v.t. to cover 
with a doth, as a horse ; to dress very richly : — 
Pr.p. caparisoaii^ ; /«/. capar^sooed. [FV. 
caparmfon; Sp. cafanuots, augmentative of 
ce^pm, a csqw, cover.] 


OsMkK kip'a-bl, adj., aile to seiu or compre- 
hend; haviog ability power, or skill to do; 
qualified for. [Fr.-— JU capio, to take or seiie.1 

eapaeloai^ ka-pft'shi-us, adj., holding; induding 
much; room^; wide; eictensive. [L. capax, 
capads—capto, to take.]— «^v. espa'devsly.— 
n. oapa'dovBssa 

eapsettats^ ka-pasl-tSt, v.t., to make capable; to 
qualify >->r.>. capadtatmg ;>«>. capadtftted. 

espadty, ka-pari-tx, n. power of holding or grasps 
M^ a thing; power of mind; room; character; 

Ospail80B,aspt, ofacoat See under Cap. 

Gups, kflp, n. % head or poasA of land running into 
the sea; a headAxoA. [Fr. cap; It. capo; L. 
caput, the head.] 

Ospcr, k&'p^, n. the flower-bud of the caper-bush, 
used for pickling. [Fr. capre; L. and Gr. cap* 
Paris; Ar. al-kabar; Sans, caphari, ginger.] 

Oapsr, kS'p^, v.i. to leap or skip like a goat; to 
dance in a frolicsome manner i—Pr.p, and adf, 
cfi'pering ; pa.p. ca'pered.^*. a leap ; a spri|ig. 
[Fr. cabrer, to prance ; L. caper, a goat] 

saprlols^ kaprri-<iL «., a caper: a leap without 
advancing. [Fr. cabriole; old Fr. capriole^ 
L. taper, copra, a goat] 

Osvmaxy, kapll-bi-ri, or ka-piHa-ri, adj\ as fine or 
minute as a hair; having a very small bore, as 
a tube.— M. a tube with a bore as fine as a hair: 
— \npi. the minute vessels that unite the veins 
and arteries in animals. VL. capillaris—capilhu, 
hair, akin to caput, the head.] 

Osidtsl, ka^t-al, ad/. reUting to the head; head; 
chief ; pnndpal ; unportant—a</v. cap'ttaOj. [L. 
capiUuis— caput, the head.] 

eapltal, kap^it«l, n. the head or top part of a 
column or pUlftrj the chief or most unportant 
thing; thecoief atyof acountzr; a large letter; 
the money for carrying on any business. 

safttaUsSjkaplt-al-Is, v.t., to convert into cafitai 
ormonev '.—pr.p. capitalising \Pa.A oqi^ltalTsed. 

capitalist, itapfit-al-ist, «., one who has ^ipital or 

Aapltsr, dutp^-t£r, n. the head or capital of a 
column. [Fr. chapitel— low L. capitellnm, dim. 
of L. caput.] 

eapltatiea, kapKit-I'shun, n, a numbering of every 
head or individual ; a tax on every head, [L. 
capitatio— caput, the head.] 

Oipltoi, kaplt-oi, n. the temple of Jupiter at Rome 
built on the top of M. hill ; in the U.S. the bouse 
where Congress meets. [L. CapitoUmn— caput.] 

shapCsr, cba^tte, n. a head or division of a book ; 
a corporauon of deigymea belonging to a cathe- 
dral or collegiate chivch ; an onanised branch 
of some soaety or fraternity. [Fr. chapitro-' 
L. capituAtm. dim. o£ caput.] 

eapttalar, ka-fnt'O-bur, oapttalary, ka-pit'O-lar-i, n, a 
head or chapter; a statute passed in a chapter 
or ecdesiastical court ; a member of a chapter.— 
A^. relating to a chapter in a cathedral ; bdong- 
ing to a cha[»ter.— «av. oi^rff'ttlarly. 

saptMats, ka.pit'a-lat, v.i. to agree to certain heads 
or conditions; to surrender on treaty. — v.t. to 
yidd or give up on conditions :—pr.p. capit'QlAt- 
uig ; Pa^. capit'OUUed— M. oapitelrtloB. 

Mpt2bi, kai/tSn, or lum'tin, n. a head or chief 
. officer ; toe commander of a troop of horse, a 
company of infantry, or a ship. [Fr, capitaine ; 
It capiiano—l». caput, the head.] 

iSts,fllr; m^hte; mllM; aOle; mSte; mOQo; thmu 


; kMtftia^ or kacTtm^l, m, tiM nak or 

OifM, kf^, ». a younf cock citi or eattrmUd. 
[A.S. m/mk; Fr. cka/on; U Mi#; Gr. ibi/M 
— 4h^/9, to cut : Got. ka p^ hah m k appf n^ to cut] 

fk^pAuk^ ka-prtt', n, a ludden xtairi of the miiid Uke 
the start tA a ffo^t; a change of humour or 
opinion without reason ; a freak. [Fr. eafrietl 
It eaprieeio : i>erhaps from ca/m, a goat] 

e^vklMS, ka-prish'us, mJJ. full of 


able.~Wsr.'eaprl'elo«il|r.— «. esvcrdoii 

Oaprtoora, kap'ti-kom, «. one of the signs of the 
sodiac, Uke a ktfnudiwU, [U ct^ricorum-' 
ca^er, a goat, c^mm, a oom.] 

Oaprlela. See under dsper. 

Oi^sin, kap-eli'. vJ, to upset ^-^>. capstfinff; 
/«.>. ci^>slse<r. [peiiL mm. ca/, top. oead (L. 
caiuiU and Mail because it is propeny to move 
a hoguead or other Tessel ibrwaia by turning it 
alternately on the heads.] 
Om^sUb, kap^stan, n, lit tlu *Umdii%g goai; an 
upright ntachine turned by ^okes so as to wind 
upon it a cable which draws something, gener- 
ally the anchor, wi board ship. [Fr. eaitstoM: 
Sp. cmbm tamtt c ai rg , L. caJrm, a goat, and 
stans, standing, the name of the goat being 
applied to faattering-rwiwf, machines Tor casting 
stones, lalsing wdpits, ftc.] 

Oapols^ kap'sQl, m., a liiiU emu; the seed-vessel 
of a plant ; a small dish. [L. C4i^suU, dim. of 
ra/M, a case.1 

sapraUr. kap'sM-ar, eitpMlsiy. kap'sQUr-I, adf. 
hoUow like a capsule ; pertaming to a capsule. 

OapUbt See under CtefltiL 

Ospttea, kap'shun, m. the act of imkm£: aa arrest 
[L. captt0—capi0^ to take.] 

Mptlou, kap^shus, a^J. ready H cmtek at foulu or 
takt offence ; critical : peevish.— Wv. sap'tteidy. 
—«. eap'llownMB. [L. ca^tUtt$a-<»pti0. ] 

sapUve, kap'tiv, m. one tmitn; a prisoner of war; 
one kept in bondage.— «4r:, tmkm, or ke^ 
prisoner ia war; chiuined or subdued by any 
thing.--«. captivity. \\^captimu~-capi0,fi^tus\ 

MpllvaH kap'ti.vftt, v./. lit to UJk* or maJSi^cm^ 
ttvt, so in B.; to charm; to engage the afiec- 
bons:-^./. caj^tivtting ; >«7. cap'tivftted. 
[L. em^tW0, cmpttvaHu-^m^tivmA 

MpttvattBi, kap^ti-viuing, md^, havmg power to 
engage the aflections. [prise. 

•splor, kap'tor, n, one who takes a prisoner or a 

ssftars, kap'tOr, ». the act of tddng; the thing 
taken; an arrest-v./. to take as a prise; to 
5«« «7 fo««e:-->»',^. cap'tflring; /a./, cap'- 
tOred. irr. cm/imie:X.a^ i m» < mf i»^€m^hu,\ 

OMMlite, kaiMI-shCn^ n, a iUii<n<<loak for 
females; a * <wfa/ friar; a km d n l jainoa, £Fr. 
c«^ticm~~capttc§, a capooch or hood.] 

Ov (oU form Osrv), kir, «« a small vehicle moved 
on wheehk , [F*. cUr/ old Tt, emr, cAmr; L. 
«»Tni<r; Celt ^tir; oona. with Ger. i«W.] 

MMw, ka'tfi', «. lit a tmrr m d ; a race ; sp eed ; 
course ; course of actioB.^v.dL to move or nm 
iapi<ay.^-^.>. eareer^mg: >»>. careered'. [Ft. 
cmrrurt, old Ft. € JU» 'f U99 d imr,] 

Mtpnlw, kii^peB-t«r, «. fit a maker of Mfv, or 
cm r rimg n ; a worker in timber as used in build- 
ing houM*, ships, *e. [Fr. c kmr p m tur, old Fk^. 
^r^titr, I* cmrp0ntmriM9-^aifentnm^ a car, 
from root ofOsr.}-*. esqMatry, Wpea-tri* the 
*~ of a carpenter. 

trade or 


iSli^"*''^ »•* to eoavey oo a eari to boar; to 
^*J or trsasport; to effect; to behave or 6i^ 
ry»..— v.i to convey or propel asagun :-^>. 

^2^'ymg:/i./.oai'ried. \ft, etuiiiur^-^Xt^.^ 

•"Uf% fau^rij, «., met, or cost of emrryimg; a 
▼ohide for carrying ; behaviour; ia B., baggagieb 

•Wi^ kir'fOi «». what a ship tmrritti ittload. 
[Sp., Fr. ckmrg9r, to load— tf4«r.] 

eerti kAft, «. a ^ar or earrioi*; a caniaga with 
two wheeb for conveying heavy loads.— «r.^ to 
convey in a cart '.-/r./. cart^mg; /«>. oart'ed. 
[Fr. cAmrrfi/ Celt cmri^^dr.] 

•artafe, kirt'iy, i*. the act or cost of cartiag. 

carter, Idbt'ir, m. one who drives a cart 

ehariel, char^i-ot, n, oriy. a waisfttr; a fe ur ^whee k d 
pleasure or state carnage. [Fr.— <^b«r.] 

rt s rtot is r , cbar4-ot^<i^. m. oaa who drives a chariot. 

Omblns^ kar^a-bia, Outias^ kfli^TB, m. a short 
light musket [Fr. eanMfU—emfniim, old Fr. 
cmlaMm, a cvbineer^-Mi^iiirv, a machine for 
oastmg stones, the name being transferred to the 
musket after Om invention of gunpowder.] 

ousMMer, kar*a-bin-«K, caiMaecr, kir>bia-<r', m. m 
aoklier armed with a carbiae. 

OHaeoH kai^a-kOi, m. a turtUft^ tihoui; the half* 
turn which a horseman makes ; a SMm^n^ stair. 
—v.i, to turn half round, as cavahj in wheeling : 
->r. /. cai'acOUng ; >«>. cai'acOled. [Fr. car*' 
mcoU; Sp. carucol^ the spirsl-shell of a snail; 
A.S. cerrmtt^ to tura ; Oact car, earmch^ winding.] 

OMi^ kai'at, ». lit a sttd or hum ; a weight of 4 
fnins; z-a4th part of pure gold. [Fr.; Ar./iEne/; 
Gr. Arm/^ a seed or bean used as a weight] 

Ouavia, kai^a-vaa, is. a compaav of irmdtrt; a 
company of travellers assodatea tocether for se- 
curity ia crossiag the deserts in the £ast ; a large 
dose carriage. [Fr. cmntwrn*; Pers. kArwAn.^ 

•wavsasery, kar-a-van'sa-ri, csravaasera, kar-a- 
van'sS-ra, «. lit caravtm^inHi a kind of unfur- 
nished inn where caravans stop. [Pers. hAmAi^ 
taH U kArt o 6 n ^ caravan, amrki^ ma.] 

Ossaway, kar'a-wi, «. a plant with aromatic seeds, 
used as a t<mic and condiment [Old E. earvy; 
Sp. mkmrmvta ; Ar. Aam>»— Or. iuwvrv.] 

OsiUas, OsrMaesr. See Osrablae. 

OsrbcB, kfliOMa, m. lit coal: pure cJkatx^al, {Vr, 
cMar6ot$—L. caH0t coaL] 

•MboaaeeoaSp kir-bon-I'sh£^ esitcals, kir^booD^ 
at(/. pertaming to or composed ofc^^'hom. 

ceibealflH«Ba kAr^bon-iftewus, adj.^ptwditcwgcar*' 
bon or ooaL [L. coHo, aadyWv, to produce.] 

caiboalsi^ kfir'bon-Is, v.t, to rnaJk^ into carim:^ 
pr.^ . car^nlsuig:>a^. car'bonlsed. 

csitaMls^ kir^bung-k^ m. lit a tmtUl live coal : a 
fierr red predous stone ; an inflamed ulocr. [Ii^ 
««fMMK«f/Kr, dim. otcarbo,} 

CMWncelar, kir^bung^Q-lar, adj. belonging to or 
resembling a carbuncle ; red ; inflamed. 

Oeroaad^ IdUlca-oet, n, a rinf^; a collar of Jewels. 
[Gr. ktr ku tat k irkot, a dide.] 

OsressB, Oi i eass , kirlcas, n, the cau or body of an 
animal; a dead body; the framework of any- 
thing ; a kind of bomb-shelL [Fr. caruute—L, 
catv, flesh, ca/sa, a case, chest] 

0u4t kflrd, m, a pieoo of /a>rr; a pioca of paste- 
board marked with figures for playing a game, or 
with a person's address upon it; anoCa. [Fr.carUf 
L. c km rt m, Gk. ckartit, paper.] 

OsKl, Idrd, «. aa iutnxmtBt for combiag wool or 
flax.— «./. to oomb wool, Ac^-j^^. carding; 

flpte, Or; aif, h4r; adae; atOte ; mflte ; mOQa ; Mea» 


Pt^JhCKrittd. (ft, Mfrfr; It t mtU h, tm d i tm, 

kwflM; kif'di-ak. OwMMtf, ku-Oftk-^ ad/„ M 
Aw^ w f <f M# AntfrT; oordial; revMns. [U 
r; Or. ktmliakM JknnJim, the heut] 

kfli^fin^ a4^ denoting that on which 
a tl^g JUmgu or depends; prindpaL— m. a 
dicnitary in toe R. C Church next to the pope ; 
a ihQn doak. JL. em r « tmmii r— ernnU^ hingej 

kii'dui-alat, ear^lfeynty, 
thip, M. the office, rank, or dicnity <^a cardinal. 

— . klr, n,, mnxitty^ Knd/ubuui charge, over- 
sight : die ohject of anxiety. —«.^ to be anxious ; 
to be inclined: to have regards— ^./. cfli^g; 
A^/. dred". [A.S. mmt, Goth, ktam^ Celt. Mr, 
care : allied to L. «arHt, dear.] 
■ntal. kii'fool, «^., /m iur <mrt: heedful; 
in B., anxious : in I)an. iii. lO, at a loss, puxzled. 

klrles, «4^., witk0tfi cmrt; heedless: 

eufetti^ carking, a4f. distressing, causing anxiety. 

OsTMB, ka-r€a', v.t, to lay a ship on her side to 
repair her A^Mviwand AnrA — v,i. to incline to one 
side as a ship in sailing. {Tt, cmrener^—caretu; It. 
emntm 1^ €mHma, toe bottom of a ship, the keel] 

ssffewsgs, ka-4€n'ij, n, a pktce where ships are 
careened; the cost of careenii^. 

See under Osr. 

f, 9.i. to treat iridiaJMi&m; to fondle ; 
to onbraoe ; / r./. caressing ; M^, caressed'— 
«• any act or expresnon of afiecomu [Fr. omessrr; 
It. tforiis, an endearment— L. cmnu, dear.] 

. kl'ret, »• lit tMffif ii wanim^; a maik. a, 
used in writing when a word Is mi out [I* 
emrt*, to be wanting.] 



J kar-i-ka-tOi', n, a representation of any- 
thing so orerdrawn or tvtHomded as to be ruu- 
cnloo^ while keeping the likeness.—*./, to turn 
into ridicule by overdoing a likeness. [It cmri^ 
€»tnra — cmriatri, to load, from root of Oar.] 
ss rtc a lat ls t , kar-i-ka-tOx^t, it.,Mir wA^ ettricaturtt* 
Carlsi^ kt'ri-€s, m., rotUnfuu of a bone. [L.] 
SttlMS, Id'ri-us, mdj, affected with caries. 
Oeikteg. See under Csm 

OirieMH kli'mel-R, «i. a monk of the order of 
Momtt Carmei, in Syria, in the xsth century; a 
kind of pear, 
ttwta^ kfii'mln. m. a crims^m colour made firom 
the c0cA^«Mi/«iMr/; a bright red dye or o^our* 
" iandT«BlllML IFr.andSp.^«n*«ni/ 

Ar. ktrmn, the corhinml insect 
L. fvnwu.] 
. kii'ni^, lUtJUth of dead aidmals ; slangb* 
[FV. tmrHmfi, from L. e«rv, emfnii, flen.] 
kii'nal, M^'., Mnkh: pertaining XnJUtk; 
1 ; nupiriiiuu.— ««p. •ar'^Bally. 
kfti^naMst, ft. a sensualist ; a woridHqg* 
sanalllf , kar-nan^, ft., Hmi^ ^Mn^ c m tn m i , 
saraaMea, kar-ni'slum, m. lit fltthmmi flesl^ 
colour ; a flesh-coloured flower. [L. cmmmti^ 
ssraeHsa. kar-nelii«t ^ * r^ 9k Jl uh <oU un d 

precioos stone. |k>w L. oK99www''*'CMfVkj 
esneoes, ktr'ne-ns, «£r., Jlnkv ; of or Uke flesh. 
ssntvat kii'U^va], n. fit mimet »/iJkgJtt$A: a 
feast obeerred by RcAum Oatheocs j«it before 
thefiKtefLeat flL c anm o mU h o wL, im$m - 
itwtmmtHf solace ef the flesb^-car*^ mifwrfi, flesh, 
and ^nwncm, lolsce Uwrntu, to Ug^Usa.] 



Awv, tmrmk, fhsh, Mf», to eat] 

Osrel, kai'ol, ft. Ut a ek or ml tUmtt : a song accom- 
panying a dance ; a song of Joy or praise.— c^.t^ 
to sing a carol; to sbg or warble. — v.t. to praise 
or celebrate in song :— :#r.>. oaz'olling ; >yi.>. 
caz'olled. [old Fr. eanHt; It ttuvla, dim. of 
L. ek^rm, a choral dance.] 

OsntM. ka-rodd, mdf, relating to the two great 
arteries of the nedc* [Or. kmrdtitU* 4»»w , sleeps 
deep sleep being caused by compression of them.] 

Osreassb kar-oiu', n, a drmJ U m ^ -S^ ut ; a nobj 
reveL— w.i to hold a drinking-bout; to drinx 
freely and noisahr >-^./. carous^g; As^. 
caroused'. [Ger. irmut, Dutch, kruytt, hw$, 
£. crmu, a arinking-vesseL] 

esreisel, kar-ous'al, n. tLcamug; a feast 

carp, kiip, v,i. lit to>^ or mmUk at: to catch 
at small faults or errors i^-fr^. oerp'ing; At.>. 
carped'.-noifcr. eeiplacly. [L. £»»/#, to pauc] 

earper, kixp'te, it. one who caips or cavils. 

Oarp, klip^ ft. a voracious fresh-water fish. [Fn 

carp*;VL atrfimui Oer. harfftH.\ 
Oarpeater, Osrpeatiy. See under Our. 
Ottfelk kir'pet ft. the woven or felted covering, 

oommonlv of tMw/, of floors, stairs, ftc.— v./. to 

cover with a carpet^-^^. and ft. car'petiag; 

>i^. car'peted. [Fr. attfetU: knr L. tmrMa^ 

woollen cloth, from cmrpert, to pludt wool J 
CkiT, OsRlsfe, ftc. See under Osr. 
Osntsa, kar^ri-un^ ft. the dead and putrid body or 
JUmK ot any anunaL— «4f* relating to, or feeoing 

on, putrid flesh. [Fr. m^/m; It cmrtgna: low 

L. ca roni m L. Atfv, carndt, flesh.] 
O siT tasis^ kar>un4Uf, ft. a short cannon of large 

bore, fint made at Carrwt in Scotland. 
Ofenelk kai'ut ft. an eauble root of a reddish or 

yellowish ook>ur. [Fr. cmiviUi It, I* otrvte.] 
esnely, kai'ut^, «(^., «arr»/-ookMirBd. 
Osny, Outk fte. See under Oar. 
Osrte, kSrt ft. fit a>«>rr; a card; a bill of lara. 

[Fr.— L. ekarta. Or. charts. P'^P^*] ^^ ^^**^ 
sertt hiaaiifcs (-blinsh), ft. a wkiit or blank c»rd. 

with a signature at the foot whidi may be filled 

iq> at the pleasure of the receiver; unconditional 

terms. [Fk*. carte, and bi^meht, white.] 
earU'4e'VidU, -vis-it', ft. lit a visitin^-wmmi s a 

photograpluc portrait pasted on a small card, 
oartd, kAi4eL ft. Ut « liHU card; 9iMftr of 

agreement for exchange of prisimers. [Ir.mrfr/; 

low L. earUUm^ L. cmartulti, dim. of cAorto.] 
eartoea,^ kflr-tOOn, ft., eardhoArd; a preparatory 

drawing On strong /a/tn to be tnmsferred to 

frescoes, tapestry, ftc [fr. cmrt0m$ It emrUnt 

^€arta, from L. ckartm,\ 
SMtMsK kir^OOsh', ft., a smmii Hi •f pmftr; 

orig. a emttridgt^ a case for holding cartridges. 

[Fr. ; It carUcet^'-h. eJUirta.] 
sartrMfe, kftr^tri), n. a >«>tfr case containing the 

charge for a gua. [oomipcion of earteeehsj 
eartolary, kftr'tQ-Ur-i, n. a regut*r>400k <^ a mon> 

astery. ftc. ; one who kept the records. [Fr. 

tartmmirt; low L. €*rtm£ar im m dk m rimJl 
Ofcrtwlea, kar-te'shi*an, mdf\ relating to the Firsoch 

philosfl^pher Dt* Cmrtrtt or his philosophy. 

Oartflagt^ kti^ti-li^, ft. a tough, dastic substance^ 
softer thaa bone ; gristle. (Fir. ; L. emrttimg».1 

ssrinagfaeei^ klr^i-l^nB-ns, «fC^. pertaining to or 
consisting of cartilaga; gristfy. 

Otib Or; ■!«, Mr; ^jtfUII BMi; atBle; amai Mifc 


Vum, klrr, v./., U mgrwvt: U etd hto fbrmit 
de^noes^ ftc. ; to make or dupe by catdng; to 
cut up into slices or pieces ; to mpportton or dis- 
tribute.-^.*, to exercise the trade of a sculptor ; 
to cut up meat:— >r.>. carving; /tfj/. carved'. 
[A.S. cecrfdmt to cut, to hew; uutcn, kervtm; 
Ger. kerbtn, to notch.] See Qrave. 

•aiTW, klrv'^, n, one who carves ; a sculptor. 

CtxfOm, kar^-at'e^ OaryattdM^ kar4-atl-des, <*.>/. 
in arch* figiires of women used instead of columns 
for supporters. [L.; Gr. Karywtidts, the 
women of Carym, a town in Arcadia.] 

Osseade, kaslcAd, n. a wtXex-faU, [Fr. ctucadei It 
cmKata, from aucmrw, L. aub, auuSf to £dl.] 

OMt, kls, n», thmi vMck ttcetva^ encloses, or 
contains ; a covering, box, or sheath ; the outer 
part of a building. [Fr. mmut— old Fr. ca$u. 
It. oMfia, L. ca/ta, from em^, to receive.] 
kis, v.t to put in a tmu or box:-^./. 



cislng; >M* dsed'. 

^nent. or kli^ment, m. the cast or 
frame of a wincfow; a window that opens on 
hinges; a hollow moulding. 

•ash, kadi, m. orig. a cau or cAtsi for money ; 
cmn or mcmey ; ready money.— ^./. to turn into 
or exchange for money ; to pay money for : — 
>r.>. caslr ing ; /«./.. cadied'. 

•ashiw, kash-€r', m. a c«sA-keeper; one who has 
chaige of the receiving and paying of money. 

Osas, kAs, IS. that which JUis or happen* : event ; 

pairticular state or condition ; subject of question 

or inquinr : statement of (acts ; m gram, lit. a 

Jailing iwMm, the inflection of nouns, ftc. [Fr. 

ca*t It. ca*0t L. casus, from au&, to &11.] 
easaal, kazh'O-al, a4/., /ailing out : acddental ; 

unforeseen ; oocasionaL [L. c asnal i s casus.} 
nnaJtf, kaxh'a-al-ti, »., that wkick/aiis out ; an 

accident; a misfortune. [cmm of conscience, 
eanlsl, kadi'(l4st, n. one who studies and resolves 
MMiitte. kazh^-ut'ik, eswIsHcal, kashm-ist'ik-al, 

adj. relating to caus of consdenoe. 
tasaUliy, kazh'a-ist-ri, n, the science or doctrine of 

casss of conscience. 

CSBiatt, kIs'mAt, «. lit a kiUinfJiomti a bomb- 
proof diambcr or battery in wnich cannon may 
oe placed to be fired through embrasures. [Sp* 
casa-m ata - casa , a house, and iuaiar, to slay.] 

See under Oass. 
See under Oass. 
OUhlar, kash-€r', v.i. lit to make an office v»id or 

empty; to dismiss from service v—Pr,p. cashier'- 
ing ; Pa.p, cashiered'. [Fr. casssr. It cassars 
— L. cassus, void, empty.] 

OMhiasn^ kash'mCr, m. a rich kind of shawl, first 
made at Caskmsrw, in India. 

Oadno, ka-sCnO, «. lit a small houst; a saloon for 
dancing. [It ; from L. casa, a cottage.] 

Osik, kask( «. a hollow round case or vessel for 
holding liquor, made of staves bound with hoops. 
[Fr. casqus, Sp. caseo^ skull, helmet, cask : con- 
nected with Case.] 

sattst, kask'et «.* « UttU cask or case ; a small 
C0«r for holding jewels, ftc. [a helmet 

eaafae, cask, kask, n. a case os cover for the head ; 

Oaaii^ kash'ya, n. a qiecies of laurel-tree whose 
bark is strijjfed off on account of itt aromatic 
qualities ; wild cinnamon ; the senna-txee. [Fr. 
cassSt It eassiot "L. cassia, casta, Gr. Aasia: 
from Ax. gathaa, to peel oflu] 

kas-i-ma< (idao qielled Ki ws i f s i s), n. a 

ll^~-*ca dodi of the finest wooh. [Fir. 
*^ cmsimiro; orig. the same as 

. kas'olt M. at covoringiot the body ; a vest- 
ment^ worn by clergymen under the gown or 
*^^lice. [Fr. casaqut; It castucms from I* 
c^a, a cottage, that which covers.] 

.„ kas'O-war-i, iv. an ostrich-like bird, found 
in the £. Indies. [Hind. Aunn««m.] 

Oasl^ kast, v.t.,totknfw<iis fling i to thrust or drive ; 
to throw down, out, or off; to throw together or 
reckon ; to mould or shape.^-cr.<. to receive iona 
or shape ; to turn in the mind ; to warp:— ^^. 
casting ; pa.t. 9xApa.p. cast— «. act of casting ; 
athrow; the thing thrown; the distance thrown ; 
a motion, turn, or squint, as of the eye ; achanoe ; n 
mould ; the foriA received from a mould ; manner. 
[Dan. kastti^w. and Ice. kasta, to throw.] 
-" abovft, v.i. in B., to turn, to go round. 

way, kast'a-wl, n., otu cast aws^, an outcast. 
w^^t kast'^, n., otu whf casts; a snull wheel oo 
the legs of furniture. — in>/. small cruets. 

eastlag,kastlng,«v. act of casting or moulding ;dint 
nHiich is cast ; a mould. 

Oaite, least «. lit a breed os race*, one of the 
classes into which society in India Lb divided ; n 
tribe or class of society. [Port casta, breed* 
race, the name ^ven to the classes in India by 
the Portuguese m the xsth century.] 
See under Oaslla. 

OssMgatSi kas'ti-gftt, v.t, lit to make pure; to cka»' 
tise; to correct ; to punish with stripes >-Pr.p, 
cas'tigftting ; Pa.p. cas'tig&ted. [L. castigo, cos- 
tigatus, from castus, pure.] 

eastigatkn, kas-ti-gft'shun, n, act of castigating; 
chastisement: punishment 

easttgalOT, ka/ti-gftt-or, n. one who castigates. 

Oastts, kasl, n. x/ortified house m fortress; the 
residence of a prince or nobleman. [A.S. casteli. 
It castello, L. castellum, dim. of castrum, n 
fortified place : connected with casa, a hut] 

eastallated, kas'tel-Ut-ed, adj. having turrets and 
battlements, like a ctutle. [L. castellatus.l 

Ofester, kas'tor, n. the beaver; a strong smelling 
substance taken from the body of the beaver: 
[L., Gr. hastdr; conn, with Sans, hasturi, music] 

OMtor«ll, kas'tor-oU, n. a medicinal oil obtained 
from a tropical plant [corr. of L. castus, the plant 
being orig. calwd Agnus castus, chaste lamb.] 

OMinte, kai^trit, v.t. to cut or deprive of die 
power of generation; to take from or render 
imperfect:—^./, cas'trftting; Pa.p. cas'trftted. 
[L. castmre, to deprive of generative power; 
connected with cmlo, to cut}--«. eastra'ttoa. 

OsMal, ftc, Oasalsl, && See under Ossa. 

Oal^ kat, m. a common domestic animaL [A.S. 
catt; Ger. hatse; Fr. chat; Gael, cat: probw 
imitative of the sound of its spitting.] 

satoal, BsVisn, katlcawl, n. a squeaking instrument 
used in theatres to condemn plajrs. 

eatkin, katlci^ m. a loose cluster of flowers resem- 
bling a cars tail growing on certain trees, as 
haaels, willows, ftc pashes. 

cat-e^-Blw-tallB, kat'-O-nl&'-tiU, n, a whip with nina 

eafs-paw, kat^-paw, m. the dupe or tool of another ; 
a light breese. [from the fable of the monkey 
who used the paws of the cat to draw the roast- 
ing chestnuts out of the fire.] 
OataetysBi, kafa-klizm, m. a flood of water; a 
dduge. [Gr. katailvtmos—Jkatet, downward, 
hljmeim, to wash over.] 

f&te, fftr; mC, htt; mine; mOte; mOte; mGOn; Men. 


kjrtmii, a hoUow, or from iymbos, a tomb.] 

Cktafiyqp^ kat-a'^adk', «. lit. « scaffold} a tempor- 
ary structure of carpentry representuig a tomb 
or cenotaph : a tomo of state. [Fr. — It. eaiO' 
Jaico — Sp. eatar^ to seei uxA/alco = It pake, a 
scaffold. J 

O il a l ifi y, kat'a-kiHd, n. a disease wluch^i!«Acr 
held o/ and suspends motion and sensatSon.— » 
mdj. eatslsytte. [Gr. kmtmO^, a wr{nng—kmfm, 
down, Imtmimmif li^ s oim mi, to seise.] 

ftflngii^ Icac'a-kw, «. Ut. m iui ^ dffwm : a list of 
names, books, &c. — v.t. to put in a catalogue : — 
>r/. cat'alogtting ;>te>. cat'alogued. [Gr. JkiUa, 
down, l0f9$, a counting.] 

ClitSMsrss, ka&«Hna-ran', n, a raft of three yKns/- 
w^ ''**'(. ***^ ^ <^ natives of India and 
BhaaL [ Cingalr se, cat Ait- m mrmm, fl oa t ing trees.] 

Os t s p n W ; IcatVpult, «. anciently a machine for 
MnrsMMV' stones, arrows, ftc ; an instrument used 
br boysior throwing small stones [L. catap$$ltm; 
Gr. katrnpttOt—hmta^ down, P«M9, to throw.] 

C htsTs s tt kat^a-rakt, w., a rushmgdcwm as of water ; 
a waterfall ; a disease of the eye which comes on 
as if a veil fell before the ejres. [Gr. kmia, down, 
mnusf, to dash, to rush.] 

Oiktaonk, ka-tif', II., ayKinvM^ i^!raw or lUscharge of 
fluid from a mucous membrane, especially of the 
nose, caused by cold in the head : the coU itself! 
^■^a/. wlsiifc'aL [L. osiisrrffaw, Gr. k»tarrk0ti$ 
^k ata, down, rhtfi, to flow.] 

CMttrtrsplM^ ka-tas'trO-f^ «., «m tvtr Ut r mn g; a 
final CTcnt; an unfortunate conclusion: a cala- 
mity. [Gr. — 4 >/<, down, ttrtpkit to tura.] 

ClitBh, kach, vj.f t0 iakt hold of: to seise after 
pursuit ; to tnp or insnare ; to tske a disease by 
mfection.~v.<:. to lay hold ; to be contagious : — 
>r.>. catching: ^L and >«./. caught (kawt). 
— ^«. setsure : anything that seises or holds ; that 
which is caught : a sudden advantage taken: a 
song the parts of which are tmm^t up hy differ- 
ent Toces. [old Fr. caektTj It cautart, h, 
€mpiiar9 for capUurt^ inten. oieaport, to take.] 

sa felpwy, kach'pca-ni, «. any wortluess thing, 
eq>. a puMicatioo, intended merely to gain money. 

Silsli ■■>#, kach'-iinm], js« among actors, the last 
word of the preceding q>eaker : the first word of 
a page given at the bottom of the preceding page. 

OitrHpb kach'up, OsIsa kat'supi Bstahnp^ kech'up. 
IS. a liquor extracted from mushrooms, ftc* used 
as a sauce, [piobi of S. Indian origin.] 

OitsdMlk^ tHitsBbstlnsI, See under OMsAiss. 

kat'S-kXi^ v.i. lit U totmd a Iking into 
mt/g tmrs; to in^xess upcm one by word of 
mouth : to instruct by question and answer; to 
question ; to ewiminff ^-^.p, cat'CchTsing ; pi».p, 
cat'CchlSed. [Gr. kaOcAiMd, katlcM—kata, 
down, ieJU9, to sound.}— «. •sli'sablser. 

iitiiiMm. kat'e-kizm, n. a summary of principles 
in the fonn of c^uestions and answers. 

sttiscilst» kat'C-ldsti n^ one who cateehtsts, 

satMUslk, kat-e-kistik, eatscUsfieal, 'ik-a1, adj., 
Pertaiiung to a cateeAist or to a catechism. 

satsoksi— n, kat-C-kO'men. n. one who is being 
taught the rudiments of Christianity. 

•aUehrtIs, kat-€-ket^ik, tatsehstieal, Ik-al, adj., rit- 
lattMg to a c€Utchum.—adv, saUdUt^ieaUy. 

Oitsgofy, kat'€-gor-i, n., what may bo affirmed of 


a class ; a dass or order. [Gr. katigoria—k ata, 
down, agorgta^ to proclaim, declare.] 
eatsgocieal, kat-frgor1k-al, a4j*t relatmg to a cait* 
gory; positive; absolute; without exception. 

to buy — L. adf to, eaptart, intensive of capon, 
to take.}— «. ealsnr. 

IliUipmsr, kat'te^-lar, is. a nub that lives upon 
the leaves of plants, (old E. cato, food, or Fr« 
chatotty a cation, from its likeness to it, and old 
E. piuor, a robber, from its peeling the trees.] 

Oalfalj kai^gut, n, string for indins and other mush 
cal mstruments made from the gut of animals, 
especially the sheep, [perlu^ from goat-gttt,} 

OslharlK .ka^thSi'tik, OsttsTtleal, ka-thAr'tik-^ 
a^'. having the power of cloansing the stomach 
and bowels ; puraative. [Gr. keUhartikoSt fit for 
cleansing, from iatharoi, dean.] 

sathartie, ka-thfli'tik, n, a purgative medidne. 

Oattasdral, ka-th€'drsl, is. lit. a teat: the principal 
church of a diocese in which is tho scat, or 
throne of abishop. — a4J» bdonging toacathedral. 
[L. catAodra, Gr. Jkataodra, a seat.] 

OathttUo, kath'oWflc. offy'., mnivorutl; embracing the 
snA^iSrbodyof Cnriraans; liberal: relating to the 
R. Cathoucs.— M. an adherent of the R. Catho- 
lic Church. [Gr. ka t k oi ikos, universal— i»/«, 
throughout, MoUt, the whde.] 

sathoWfllsni. ka-thon-sizm, aatlMllelty^kath-ol-isl-ti, 
IS., wmivortaiiiy ; liberalitv or breadth of view: 
the tenets of the R. Catholic church. 

O sl ojl ri^ katK>p'trik, iuh'. relating to catoptrictf or 
vision by reflection. [Gr. katcptron, a mirror— 
katttf down, oPsomai, fut of Aarad, to see.] 

eatepMsiy kat-op' triks, nMng, the part of optics 
ii^ich treatt ^ reflected Ugkt. 

Oatkla, OMspaw. See under OM. 

OatlK kati, is./£ orig. capital, or the chief ^axt 

of one's p iop ei t y ; gooids; beasts of pasture, 

especially oxen, bullsp and cows, sometimes also 

horses, sheep, &c [old Fr. catol^ choptal, low 

L. captaU, good^ cattle— L. caMtalti, chief— 

caputs the head, because in early times beastt 

fcvmed the chief jpart of propertv.] 
nlisttsi, chati, n, ong. cattlt; any kind of property 

whidi is not freehold. 
Oaaial, kaVdal, adj'. pertaining to the tail; having 

a tail or something like one. [L. cauda, a taiL] 
Oaadle, kaw'dl, is. a smsrM drink siven to the sick. 

[old Fr. chaudol—Tr. chattd, L. calidta, hot] 
Oaagfet, kawt, As.iL and pa^. of Oateh. 
OMO, loswl, «. a net or covering for the head : the 

membrane covering the head of some infants at 

their birth, [prob. a form of Oow^] 
OaalOraB. SeeOydroa. 
Oaaltiewsr, kaw1i-flow-te,is. UuihecaUago-Jlomer; 

a variety of cabbage, the eatable part of which 

is the flower. [L. mWat, A.S. cowl, W. caud, 

cabbage, and newer.] See Oote. 
Osnss, kawx, is. that by or through which anything 

is done ; a reason ; inducement ; an object sought ; 

a legal action.— v./. to produce ; to make to exist ; 

to bring about :— >r>. caus'ing ; pa.p. caused'. 

[F^. ca$uoj L. ca$tm.] 
eanssl, kaws^ ad/, relating to a cauu or causes, 
eansallty, kawi^aKi-ti, n, the working of a cause; the 

supposed faculty of tradng effects to their causes. 

Olt«»fkr; mBfhtKi mlkie; mOCo; aOte} mOOn; thvL 



kaw»«'ilniii, n.,tktaei ^auu^ij^ I 
actorworkinxofacatiMtnprodttcmf aneffect. I 

•MMttv*. kM^a4iv, m4/, cipnsang « mmm; 
•mmUm^ kawslcs, o^r'., kmvitifMS eattu or occa^ 

OMMfway, kawf'wi. Ommt, kawt'e, ft, a padiway 
nuMdaiid>0Mtfor»l4^withstoatt. [Fr.cAaM»- 
srr; It ea/Martt L. cmie00, takfmt*, to ihoe— 
Ctflr, the heel : or Fr. chtmuh; L. €mluaUk^ 
calx, chalk, became ttrengthenrd with mortar.] 

OMiMe, kaws'tik, tuff-t httmingi wasttnc away; 
MYere, cuttmc.— «. a Mbetaaee that imnu ot 
wastea awar the flesh. [Fr. cmutiqtu: U mm- 
iicm; Gr. katu tik ot J katf . kam9, to faunL] 

OMrttottf, kawa^klpti, «. quality of being comsHc 

eaalerlM^ kaVtir-U, vJ. to htm with a ^mw/v or 
a >iot iron :-^.>t cau'terftiiig ; /•>. cau'teifMd. 
(Fjr. cmmUriur; L. cauUri^i Gr. lunM rtnu^ 
JkauOr, a hot iron— 4»ft9.] 

eaattflMtfoB, kaw-tir-Is-ft'shun, eaatekHL kaVt^ 
isn, eavtery, kaVtte-i, n, a boning with tfmtf/^ 

OMttoa, kaVihun, <*., cmrt/tdiust; heedfnhiess; 
prudence; tecuiity; warning. — v.t to wani to 
take care:— ^.>. cau'tioning; /a./, cau'tioned. 
[Vr. ; L. amiw—<ave&, to take care.] 

■aatteaeiy, kaVsfaon-ar-i, m4f, oootainlng eaatloa ; 
given as a pledge. 

eaMleis^ kaVshus, mdf, posifsring or ndng cau- 
tion ; careful ; watchfiif ; prudent— «^. oM^tt- 

OaTftkads^ kaVal-kld, m. a tndn of pcnonson A«nr> 
iack. [It. anmlU, Sp, caSalU,U cmMltu, Ot, 

•afaUer, ka▼•a4€r^ is. a k^ftemmm! a knif^; a 
partisan of Charles L—«<^. lake a MmsilMr; gay, 
warlike, haughty. [Fr.J—^^. eavalWIy. 

eavsliy, kaVal-ri, is., A^rw-soldien. [F^. cmmitruJ] 

OsTS, klv, IS. a hattow pimct In the earth; a den. 
(Fr. ; It cmm; L. emvtu, hoUow.] 

eavsrn, kaVtai, n. a deep AtfAlMv>/eM in the earth. 

eassraea s, kaVte^us, o^^., kolUm; full of caTtnis. 
esTlly, kav^-tL IS., «MMv>/eM;hollowness; an 

opening. [L. cm vitm fi es na .] 
Cavsel, kMty^^JL, n.^Ui emn U iakm; a notice 

or waning ; a notice to stop proceedings in a 

court [L.— MVM, to take care.] 
Oavsm. See under Oave. 
Oavtare, Osilsr, kav4-fti', n, an aitide of food made 

from the salted roes of the sturgeon. Ac. (Fk; 

tmviar: It ctmtimU; Sp. uAimr; Turic. tmvatr.\ 
Cavil, kav'tl, v.i. to make tm^y, trilliag objec- 
tions ; to use fislse arguments >-fr.p. cavilling ; 

>«./. cavUled.— «. a uivoloas oUectkm. (oU Fr. 

cavUUr; L. cmviU^r, topnctiMjest' 

jests— <»vwr, hoUow, ts^pCf.y—k, sav'fflMr. 
€avl^. See under Omsl 
Omt, kaw, SLi. to or as a crow >-^^ caw%g ; 

/*/. cawedf.— «. tna cry of a crow.— «. eawlaff. 

[from the sound.] 
OiaBs^a6s,fluL,i!#/»sir#itfr; to slop; to be at m 

end.-^Jl. to pot an end to:-^^^/. ceasing; 

/•^ ceased'. [Fr. ctutri U €M90, to gba «vnr 
< w , to yielo, give up^] 
•saaslMit steles, a^v wimtd 

foat; a 

sesi^ihnu, u, a tmHmg or atoppiog; a 

**?•• agVIar, s*. a large c f eigi e au Ina icauvlmbte 
'^ the durability and fragrance of its wood. — 
Mj. toMAm of cedar. [I* cmbrnt: Gr. iedram.^ 

O*^t^v.t.UuUg9afwmyyr0m; to yield or gtv« 
up to another. — v.i. to give way a / r./. oCdlnK f 
/«.A cid'ed. [L. fii^. cetntm, to go away from.] 

ssssloB, sesh'un, is. a yielding up. 

OsO, sd, v.t. to overlay the inner roof of a room >— 
/r.A ceiling :>«k/. ceiled'. [SeeedltBf.1 

esaiag; sCKtng, m. formerly mt/, a covering of boards t 
the coat of plaster that ani/r up the rafters of a 
loom, [old £. and old Fr. Mgl, to seaL] 

Oslsiultwi^ seKan-dlta, is. . twaihw^-mitt^ a gentis of 
i4ants of the poppy mmily. said to oe so named 
because formerly s u ppos ed to flower when the 
«fls«/£Mnr appeared, and to perish «^en thcj de- 
parted. [Chr. e M i doniom cM i d dn, a swallow.] 

OSISbsals^sd'e-briU, v.t., UmmMt/mm0ut;t.opn39Si 
to distinguish by solemn ceremonies i—^J. cel'^fr- 
b(tting:>«.>.cel'adUed. [L. cOOrv, -mimm-^ 
eeMtr, temous.] 

asiabcatlen, ael-^bwshnn, m., met ^etMrmiinf, 

ssls fc rt^, se-lel/ii-ti, is. the ooadition of being «rZr- 
brmisd; fame. [L. €MUhr it m» c^Mtr.] 

Ostaily, sC4era-ti, «. the 9viifbu»$ with whidi n 
thing is ^rrans;ruNdity of motion. \JL. ctUriias 
— <yZrr, swift— «r/v, Gr. htlU, to drive, tuge on.] 

Oslsry, sel'ftr-i, is. a kitchen vi^ietable with eruptd 
leaves like ptumlty. [Fr. ciUri; Ga. ulung 
Gr. mAmmw, parsley.] 

OslssMal, 864safyal, ad/., Asawnfyi dwelling In 
heaven; in the visible heavens^— «; an inhabit- 
ant of heaven, adv . eslss Hsny . JL. cmlt$tu-^ 
cmlmtm, heaven— Gr. kMioi, S. kaOtwJl 

OslkMb a^K-ak, adf. belonging to the lower Mfy. 

Lcmliaait; Gr. kmNakai MNa, the baBy^ 
OsUba^, s»4il/»«i, or sell-baa4, sk a mtfiir life ; ao 

unmarried atate. [L. ernltit, single.] 
edlkate^ aemut, at^., ptrtmimmr ta a timgk li/§, 

—41. OfM unmairried : the atate of being unnuuned. 

[L. etMmim, single lils-««Mr.] 
Osil,se],sk anyamaU AaOw phuMt aamaUdoso 

room ; a cave. (L. €»Ua, oonnncted with Gr. 

h9a6$,lL MUm.\ . . 

esDar, sellar, n. a ctU undsr ground whera atorsa 

are kept JL. e tUari mm c tUa,\ 
esDarsft^ senai^j, n. apace for odlaftf oeuars; 

charge for storing in cdlara. , , 

esDslar, seTa-lar. adj.f cmuutmg ^ or conlammg 

c»Um. [from U tfr/AiZa, a little cell.] 
Osll» adC, flk one of the CtUt, a branch of the 

Aryan frunily of natioas, who migrated from 

Central Asia, and at one time were spread over 

Europe ; a f^«>tiM > instrament of stone or metal 

foundin andentbarrows. [L.CeUa4; Gr. Ket- 

Ui or KtUai, in Uter times GalaUU, I^ CaiiL 

■aid to be from GaeL cnliack^ an inhabitant of 
. the forest : or » WtUL meanmg foreigners.] 
Osltle, sel'tik, a4f, pertaimng to the Ctlit, 
Oisat, ae^neat', n, litecaDy, pitcM or cMi^ of 

marble from whidi mortar was made; mortar; 

anything diat makes two bodiea atick together; 

a bond of union. [L. cmwwUa, chipa oTstooi^ 

contracted from fcrfiwrwfa raifr, to cut off.] 
se ascot', v.t. to unite with ctvumt ; to join 

nrmiy. — v.L to unite or become solid »— ^>. c0> 

menring ;/«.>. cCment'ed. 

miatstlsa. a^-en-tt'shun, a.^^ Uu met ifcmmU 

m£; the proceaa by which uon ia tvaed lata 


aia,flbrs ni^htet b&m; mOla; aOta; mOQa; <Aaa. 


■tei^.gUM Into porcelain, ftc-nkuM by iiir- 
nmadinc then with a tnmmi or powdtr and 
•xpottDC them to Iwat. 
Owtaty.sem'S.tM. it. \i!Lm$itt^4mi<kamher; a 
b^Trnff-croimd. [U cmmHtrmm; Gr. kMmi- 
tfrMM mmmai^ to lull to sleqpi] 

•■J**'^ ••««'W>ll, or sCnO-bTt, «. one of a religious 
order Acra^ tn a convent or a ccmmtmtityt in 
opposboa to a hermit; a monk. (Fr. dnabiU; 
L. cmifbiimi Gr. WfWw , common, and M»/lC 
b ft *« *> to fiTe.>-«^«. MMkttliv MaoUKlMd. 

OMctapk, Mnlt-taf, «. Ht. «m tmptvUmb; a mono- 
meot to oott who ia buried elaeWhere. [Fr. r/m^ 
UpkMi\^€»n9U^hmm;Ot.kimtm p k i9H km m , 
cmpcy, and U^ik^a^ a tomK] 

Oaunr, lena^te, «, a pan in which Momiifia burned. 
[Fr. £neem*0ir; I* «w»iu»rmM. SeefiM«M.] 

ttBMT, sea'aor, «. a Roman officer who kept ac- 
e0tmi of tho prope l ty of die dtiseos, imposed 
taxea» he ; one who examines manuscripts bo* 
fore they are sent to press ; one who cftuurts or 
bbmes. [L. — cemaee^ to count.}— «c eia'nnhlp. 

MMsrlal, sen-elf ri-al, adj. belongmg to a ctMaar, cf 
to the correction oirpobHc morals. 

SMMB, sen'sos, «r. an official tmmmtraHvH of the 
inhaUtants of a country. 

■USUI, sen'shftr, n. orig. a rt ckmdng m jt tdg mini ; 
an an&vonrablo Judgment; blama; reprooC— 
9.L to bfaune; to CMidenm as wrong >—/r./. 
eea'sftiing; >a^. oen'eOred. (L^ < 
opinioo, a severe Judgment— OMuvr.] 

sm wi s M ^ sen'shOr-a-bl, m^ deserving <Xcmsur$i 
blsm a b le. n . w^saisMtassi. — adv, ctafwtnXtF- 

«4f. giv'en to centmv; eic- 

Oaftk sent, «., m ktmdrtd: an American coin « &e 
kimdredtk part of a dollar. FFr. ; L. mm/mw, 
a hundred.] 9m seat., ^ i4# kimdrmU 
seacliL m. rate^ tk* kamdrnL 
^.ses'ten'A-ri, m. a ktrndrwd; a ttmhay <a 

one a Atmdfwd years qkt 
•fea'ni-al, «^*. happuiiag cmce in a 
Amrndtwd jtarj. pow L. umttmmu c fMtmm, and 
oMmatSt a year.1 

en-Wi-^nal, yy., k tm dt ■irfif A.-H^fa.esn- 
(L*. ^MuymMM^'*^SMinMW«j 
. sen'ki-crtd, ad/, having a htmdred 
dtgrtes; divided into a nondred degrees. [L. 
cenhtm, and gradtu, a step, a degree.] 
smt»ii, sen'ti-ped, swrtlpsae, sen'ti-pfld, «• an 
insect with a kamdrtd, m a great many^W/. 
[L. cttUmm. mod/u./idi*, a foot.] 
smtapK sen'tQ-pl, asff., kmtdrtdfcld, [L. cm' 

^^x—cetUttm^ tLad/Uc^t to f<Md.] 
SM itarl wi, sen-tO'n-on, m. among the RomanSp the 

commander of a Aimdrwd men. [L. cnUitrt^] 
flSBtary, sea'tO-ri, it., a ktmdrtd; a hundred years. 
[L. c*tUuria—<tmlHm.] 

..—., •«. M»w.. «. Ht. « MiMle r or mmmUd 
herdsman \ a ubulous monster, half-«ian half- 

to stab, and H s w i w ^ a buU.] 

■tee, Omsr. sen't«r, «. liL « <W# /#b«/; the 
middle point of anything ; the middle. — v.f. to 
place <m. or collect to a centre. — v.L to be placed 
m the middle '^—fr.p. cen'tring, oedWing ; /•./. 
oes'tred, cta'tored. \X^tmtmm; Gr. A w/n wi , a 
^ • ^.toprick.) 


eeateal, sen'tral, omUHs^ sen'trik, ssnftriial, seaMk- 
al, «^., nUUimg U, placed in, or r^Himfn r tkt 
«m/nr.— «Air. eia'trally, ew'trtsaQy. 

CMitr^. sen'tral-Ife, v./. todrsw toaMM/nr.<^-^.A 

cen'tralXsiag; /e^ cen'tralXsed.— «*. mMoJEL 


M^tfSfal, sen-trifH-gal, a4f, tendmg tojUtAvm 
tMdetmirg, P« mk^wim, andyWw, to flee from.] 

OMMpelal, sen-trip^et-al, 4My., MA&i^.or tending to- 
ward tMd emin, [L. cmirwm, and >r/0, to seek.] 

■]mK SMim'ikt m4j\ Mtaimittg U MtUry. 

lirf. *«ww»i*M AifuiNM, potter's eartnj 
Oir^ sCr, v./. to cover with wax:—SrJ, cCrlngt 

/•■/.cgred^. [L^^^ni; Gr. Afrw, bees-wajcj- 

w. s«trdo«iL osrriiMt, a cloth dipped in melted 

wax in which to wrap a dead body. 
s«raose«s^ sfr«fl'shus, adj\, </^or like wax, 

OmI, sTrC^U, «^'. Ut ^ZmviSv^ C#f«r, the god- 
dess of com; rebth« to com or edible grain. 
[U ctrtali t Cfm.] le r sals, sTrB-als, nJl. the 
grsins used as food* such as wheat, barley, ftc 
■vbraa. sei'Mrum, n, the fruit and larger part 
ofthe^nrae. [L. Mrv^raMw, the brain.] 
(brsi, ser'f-bral, ad;\ ^er1ami$i£toiJUcerth^mu 

eerSMlua, ser<«-berum, n,, tkt UiiU train: the 
hinder and lower part of the brain. [L., dim. 

Ctanmoay, ser'ji-mo-ni, m,, cart fir what it satrtdi 
a sacred rite; the outward forn^ religious or 
otherwise:— //JnPr.Bk.^statutes. FLumMM^ 
perhaps from ettn UM form, afr»), to care for.] 

serMannl i l, ser-^-mO'id-al, ai^. relating to ctrtmany, 
— ^ outward form; a system of ceremonies.— 

r s m sa l oa% ser-«>mCf nims, a4f.,,fita ^ certrnmy; 
particular m observmg forms; predse. — ado. 

Oviala, str'tin, or -'tin, adj., atitl*d, determimdi 
sure ; fixed ; regular : some ; <me. TFr. uriaim; 
L. crrfatf, old part of ctma, to dedde for.}— 
tuto. ew'talaly.— nr. ear'tatnlv. esr^tode. 

esrtl^. s^ti-fl, v.t., U mmAt known as cfrtaAt; 
to mform; to decure in writing :— >r.>. oer'tifV- 
bg; fa./, certified. (Fr. csrti/ltr; L. certut, 
Kodjaew, to make.] 

esrtlieaSe, s6r-tifi-ktt, n, a written dedaratkm of 
some &CL— 9.^. to pve a certificate.— «.^. to be 
verified by a certificate :—yr./. oertiTicAtiag ; 
/a^. oerttTicited. (Fr. ctrtuUmi; L. ctrttis, 
andySKW.}-*. ewHisa'tlsB. 

Oiralsan, s«-rOQ^l€-an, adj., sky-ilttg: dark-bhie; 
sea-green. (L. Mvrwibw-<«^bM, tfw sky.] 

0«vtoal,s«t'vi.kal,«^.bekmgti«totheiM»». {Tt,; 
L. arvix, cervicis, the neocj^ 

Omins^ s^yin, adj, relating to dttr, [L. cenms, 
a stag.] 

C S i s r ia a^ sC-sfrS^m, adj. the Cesarean operation 
u takm^ a child out of the body of its mother 
ly cuttmg, (L. emd^t anms, to cut.] 

■B,se%«.ataz. — v.^.toimposeataz:— ^./.cesi^ 
ing;>«/. csssed'. [shoitened from Isbmb.] 

tlssrina. See under Osia. 

OMs>pesl, sesVpOSi, «.,« /M/orhoOow m the ground 
^riiere dM mud contained in water setUtt danm 
"wiaiit the water flows off in a diaaa. \JL, 
mmu, to Mnk or aettfe down.] 


Oi m w, il-ti'tfau>, adj. belanEina; to fiihu of 
ihc wi^rM-U, [L. aU, Ct. UiH, ur lu- 
moMter <A Mt ke, m- cAaiia, to s^pcj 

OwI^chlT r.(, to hmW Aif brmbln^; to Inl 

F.i. to feel or rit"—^-^- eUfina; >*V 
chlfe<I'.^<*. luat cftuiad by nibbioff : ngc ; pu- 
doD- IPt' iehmjt^tr; L, ait/u t ii c mUo, to be 
bot, vA/man, to lukc J 

Otetv, chinr, ULakiBdaTbeetla. [A.S, CM>r.] 
Ohkff, c>ut^ H. the haH^Bj OK OT COTcrinKof £nin ; 

«mpty, wanhlca sutler. [*f;fia.kaff; 

L. laiw, hoUow.]— o^. oli>f>, duilH. 
OhaAr, chaffs, v.t., U tuy- — v-L to tHJxun; to 

baggie »boui iheprici \~trj. chifTering : *■>. 

bird, [Tulgar E. c^Mf, Duuili, k^ffat, u 
flkflcrlB, iha-grtn', DT -gni/^ i«. th&t tirfudi wrArt 
to Tu or uinay :— >r->- cKkgiin'mg; jM-/. ch^ 
ror TUpiog or poLitl^^Dg wood-] 

u witb&dum:— ^-/, cEAiii1iu;> 
[Fr. cAabu; IL uid L, tatina^ 
Ibiilr, chlj, I*. Bmethliig^fl/^Rirffiipon; BrnaT- 
■btc Kil for DM, oilh 1 Ixick lo it ^ the ut 01 
oS« oTone io ftulhority. — v-t. tDCUTyone pub- 
lidy in triumidi :~>r.>. chairing ; /a>. duind'. 

r»_ .■_.■....■ __,I.J r^__ laM*rf*B AS- 

; 1. taUidra 

■h^J*» ihl^ R. a light two-wheeled curilg^ for 
two peiwfu, drawn byooe hone. LFr.,HFHruHD 
proDundaliDD otcAiUrt.] 

quart! of * milk-ud-ntcr colour. Cfrom cAti- 
crdm in Alia MioDr.]— «<r'. lUkodalo. 
caiuaii. luHU^ omiitm, laViC mdi. nlitiDg to 

Qhflidi^ chawrdnUL ■. ■ cool-mcaniro hoEdlng 
jthuheli. [Frrclwfnn.1 See CkMiH. 

DtaUe^ dwTu. il > cV K 'n^; ■> nmnuuaoo- 
cup. [Ft. n/w; L. cc/m; Gr, JuUjx, the cup 
or corering of . iower-iB/j^a, to corer.)— «4n 

CkkO^ duwie. ■, tit. Umurtoiu ; cnztionnte of lime. 
— «<. taniboiDianunwithchjiU[:~yr^.cb>lk'- 
isg: ^.>. chillceir. IA.S, atlc; Ft. ntoKr, 
eld Fi. cAnuLi,' L. dxCr, limotoiM ; Gr. cA^u.J 

CteUiM^ chireBl, «.<., U call tu tn U ttitti a 

/r./ chall'engiog ^ >«./ 

««■ .ran "^^ [p^ 

plutr with *n atxhtd 

[Fr.i It-d „, _ 

Gr. ktmatf ft TOUDg deer-] 
B i« wrMtK f^BiMm, kun't-mll a. the rrsMmd 

affU (fnHO Ihe apple-like lolell of id blooomi) ! 

a plant, or ia dned flowen, imd [n medicine. 

[L. cXamatmtlim ; Gr. cKamaiiKiltm—iliamad, 

on the ground, milen, an apple.] 
ftaw ehamp, v.i.. Is utaki a nvt^fine unit 

nrrM Mr/oBV in chewing.— f./. to late or chew: — 

>r>.chanirfing :/».>. champed'. [Ice. tan/i, 

"- -hew— *Mmmi, a jaw; Ger. KimalEm, to 

bdity of umething happening. — v./. to ride— 

p.^ to happen :—>r.>, chancing; >d>.chaD«d'. 

—adj. happening by chance- [Fr. ; f L cadaaa i 

low L. eaJntia—L. cade, to fall.] 
Saaetl, Ob mnUiw, ntaaiiT. See under DugaL 
[l^'aei ■■*l<r, chan^-med-li, h. Ut. a Aa' ^^^yoT 
JirAt; the hiUiog of a perHq by chance or in 

■elf-dcfencc. [cU>w,acoiTiiptiDnafFt.aU>&, 

hot, miiA. (nj. £ghLl 

MJ. ehinpd'— -■ 


iSLl^S!S^^"T^ f *^*: melody: • kind of 
•jcredmns»c,mwhich prose is «unff.fF^.<A^ 

^^.*^ir'' *^' **f. ■4' «*««^; a chief 

.2SS1L^**^, ?«■ *»«W« P»P« of » bagpipe, 
crowcr ; a code [ehant, and rii»r.] 


•*;frJ?JS!: I«^^:t4rwig'tilc AanetoriMoaL ktf. 

r. dun^ri, «. an endowed chapel, in which 

«.vJ? *^?^^'**' ''»« «o»»^ of""* donors or 
others.^ [old Pr. cMmnUru-i:h4mitr.\ 

lliM% kl'os, «. lit. « nridgga^: a confused, shape- 
less mass ; disorder ; the state of nutter beforeit 
V?^^;^f.^^^S^^^^^0^9!uxt, [L.and 

afcSiflS^u ^ff«ft «^. to gape, to yawn.) 
«*JJJ^^H>t^ «<^., &^ ^^.w; confused or dis- 

"Ju*^ *^ ***^ ^•'•» '* **'' *® cl«a»e. «pHt, or 
««c^--v.«. to crack or open in sliu:— >r.>. 

^%^ •/*•/• ^»pped', chapL (Dutch, kap- 
^^f^^P»«»- *5^» Sw. *«>>^ to cutl See Chip. 

A^sl. di^el, M. lit. the eovtrtmg or canopy over 
5? 5y ' ***^ recess containing the altar; a 
ptace of worship ; a dissenters' pUce of worship. 
\ft. ekm^iU, old Fr. e^ftU, low L. captUaji, 
hood— «/« « cloak.1 

•^»*J» cl»FS»-«i, «. the jurisdiction of a cAa/rA 

elMilala. cfaapTULn. or Tin, i». one who performs 
«^« m a cMuptl; a cleigyman attached to a 
»ip of war, a regiment, a public institution, or 
fiunily.— ««. tihaplataey, dttplalaShlpL [Pr. cha^ 
lam—Xcfm L. captUmiut»—<a^Ua.\ 

•■»"■■» diapTe-rfin, «. a Amk/ or caf of knigh^ 

'_**y ^'^ attends a lady in public places 

as a protector. — v.t. to attend a lady to public 

places :~^.>. chapTerOning ; >«.>. c&ip'erOned 

[Tt,~<i4i^, a cope— root of Cap. J 

ttafltsr. See under (kpitaL 

Ctoplstn, Ofcap l a hicy . See under Chapd. 

Aayis^ chapOct, m. a garhmd or wreath for the 

head; a rosary. [FV. chap«Ut, dim. of old Fr. 

CM/e/, garland— ca/0, a cape.] 
d^aaa. See nader Cfcssj, 
CtepI, chapt,>«.>. of Oksp. 
Qkaflsr. See under OapltaL 

Aar, dilr, ». lit a turn of work; work done by 
the day ; a job.— tr.A. to work by the day. [A.sL 
f^ yyy, > turn, space of time— «rmM, to turn.] 

«*M-^««aa, diSr-woom'an, i»., anuMwow who char* 
or does odd work by the day. 

kAT, chir, n. a r«tf^//£n/ fish of the salmon kind, 

found in mountain lakes and rivers. [Ir. and 

Gael Mwr, red, blood-coloured.] 
har, chir, v./. to roast or bum until reduced to 

£»iM or coal i—^,p. charr^g ; >«.>. charred'. 

[Fk>. chartam. coal, carbon ; L. carho^ coal.] 
«kfnMJ, chlrlcOl, «., cm/ made by charring or 

burning wood under turf. 

Onraolsr, kai'ak-tte, m. lit a mark tngruvd; a 
letter, sign, or figwe ; the peculiar qualities <» a 
person or thinc^ a description of the qualities of 
a poBon or thing; a perMn with his peculiar 
quafities. [Fr. carmeUrt: L. charaeUr: Gr. 
charahiir, from chanus9, to cut, engrave.] 

f^ n u / tmlMt Ita^ak-ttt'la, v.t to gire a characUr 
to; to describe by peculiar qualities; to distin- 
guish or desfmate:— ^.>. cfaaracteiUlng; As.>. 
characceitsed'. [Or. charahOriad.] 

ro^ect of which u a word proposed for solution 
from an enigmatical descripdon of iu sevend 

35i^ "?*^ ^"^ :?»°»«- Vrh. from nS: 
<*«r»&, chatter ; or Nonn. <*3wr, to convtnS 
AanoaL See under Ohar. 

Aais^ chlij, v.t. lit. to place in a car; to lay on 
m load; to impose : to fiiU upon orattack : to put 
SiihJIJ*^^ ?'' to imputeio: to commaSj 
to exhort.-.^.f. to make an onset \-fr^. chais'- 
^ ; M/. charged'.-* that whiZtf hdd(W j 

CMt or price ; the load of powder, &c for a gun : 
attack or onset: care, custody; the objea of 
ca re: co mmand ; exhortation ; accusation. [Fr. 
caairgtri It carrican^ to load— L. carrmt, a 
wagon.) SeeOv.Ohno^ ^^w,, m, 

•fcajieaM* charj'a-bl. adi. subject or liable to be 
charred : imputable; blamable: in B.. butden- 
some.— j^ dhaigs ' a M taas B .- adv. ehana^ahly. 
«haisw, charfir, m. a dish capable of holding a 
ikwry chargit or quantity; a hocse used ia 
charging, a war-hone. 
<*a»i?y, Oh s rln s si . See under Ohaiy. 
CB^Ariot See under Otf. 

Owtty. chart-ti, n. lit. deamns; in New Test. 
untvMsal love ; the disposition to think favouiaUy 
of others, and do them good ; ahnsgiving ; libe^ 
ahty; amdour. [Fr. charit/Tlt: cJita; L. 
cartta9, from canu, dear.) 
oharttaMs, char'i.tobl, adJ.,JuU o/charify; of or 
relatmg to chanty: liberal to the poor.— a^. 
shai'ttaUy.— «. ehaxltaUsBMiB. 
W ii il a ta a, shfiiOa-tan, «. lit. a chattortr or bah- 
Her; a mere talking pretender; a quack. [Fr. 
and Sp. ; It ciarlahre^-<iarlarf, to chatter.) 
i t a tlst a ar y, shftrOa^^an-ri, M.the profession of acAo^ 

latan; undue or empty pretennon ; deception. 
<1m h1 o cM , chSr^ok, n. a plant of the mustard fiunily, 
with yellow flowers, that grows as a weed la 
cornfields. [A.S. corlico, prob. from Gael Mfj^, 
pungent, as in gar-lie, and lick, lock, a plant j 
Ohana, chArm, «. lit a mn^, an enckoMimonf; a 
q>ell ; something possessing, or thought to pos- 
sess, hidden power or influence ; that whidi can 
please irresisubly.-^.^. to influence by a charm ; 
to subdue by secret influence; to endbant; to 
deliffht; to allure:—^./, and at^. cbanan'ing; 

pa.p. charmed^.— <i<Af. eharm'tetfy. X^x.chartno: 
It carmo, carmo; from L. carmen, a sous.] 
eharmtr, chlrm^far, n., one who enchants ot drfights. 

Ohansi, chflr'nel, adj. containing:ySkc*orca..v....«^ 
[Fr. chamel—'L. camalu^-caro, eamit, flesh.) 

chanat-hoass^ chii'nel-hous, n. lit. a eareas* hotue ; 
a place near a grave-yud, where the bones of 
the dead thrown up by the grave-diggers are de- 

Ohar^ chflrt, n. lit a/a^ or card: a map of a 
part of the sea, with lU coasts, shoals, &c. for 
the use of sailors. [L. cAarto.] SeeOard. 

eharlsr, chirf to. n, a formal written pe^^ coo- 
ferring or confirming titles, rights, or pnvikttes; 
a patent; grant; immunity.— e>.iL to establish by 
charter; to let or hire, as a sh^>, on cootradi 
— ^.>. chart'ering; >«.>. chaxt'ered. [Fr. 
cHartre—-\j. ehartartum, archives cha r ta. 2 

ftte^Or; m^fik; mine; mOte; mflfb; 1116OB; itak 


turn; U drin mwir:— yr^ cb«(lD(;>^ 
bo^ad I pood (boodiw b ffiBk [Pt. elMwr,- 
Cki^ dil^ •.«, U iaami to mbMi. {! 

:ktfCri>^,.w<pb(AM>.- and 

np or nrniiiw : ■ *iild ifoo. [Ot. n to n i * . 

fiwcUi«,iem*i naxcMdiritkBHL] 

~— --L -'■'r -f. tiia*,tan; BodM^ntiiEdr 

TiRiwu.«<.,-L.taiiW.l nJVifiirtr. 

of bodfi conduct* or Lfuciofo. 
ibaMa, cbft^Di v,£j M mnkt ftm: to frca fim 

-yr^ Si^Sil /k/. chte'liMj. (TT 
eUtw-, old h. fltMliii- L MiMp**— MrtH. 
*i1ii. At*^, rJ. to faiiel iiiiililwi npoi 
for tbo porpoao of comcdoK ; to rodooo 10 me- 
or to ohoditac e :— yr^ drnMbgi fm^ liu- 

tl ow M ^ dm'Mil, ■■ Ai B ppanait fmaoi. 
br ■ R. C pital lit BU>, udwUdi odf. eDnml 
hfaafroahiodtobo^UMJlM^Mft [Fi.ilo- 
I. wmliifi, U isiwEii^ dm. if Mia, ■ cactici 

Oo^ diM, r.t to talk lad Boki ■ hIm u tin 

»^ltr. m.i., U cimti tanodutha tod 

^otto; cb^ <^., /n« it c«(f ; tilkuin. 
«MM«ih»4a',K,aeu<£t,' aentniKL [F 
— tJd ft- «l^ ohW; I. uutMmm, dia. i 

lo I i aiii .- Ian b nrko ; of mil tolaa. |A£m^^ 
mIk a buiWB 1 A. S. ihUm, In. AatK 10 bur : 
£. B^t; Scot. --/l -J--^-i^ -^. ■- 

*HW^ (Mi^. «<:.<» aHi* ciiy ■■ to boat dam 
u pnc* \—t<'-f- dHap'oBiiu 1 jia^ cbaap'nad. 

A4Ha^ ch^naBi m Co* vbo boji or bcUa ; a 

no oey ^ >b» 

tor and aa nuHTi ■ oM^iaui ooia. immi 
tha prBciko of tha Conn «f SxAitiar, vfatia 
•««jm™^^ bj Bsau coonteit Da 

*•*"' ■*:^»— I d»b'(r, p.« to ftia IbEo Utlls 
•miana lik> ■ otw^Mtnf v c4k<«>-, bj tba or 
uripea cA dUTerfiit coloun ; to taricgiLto or di- 
™nui >-^^- chacf Bint ;/«.>. tkeii'Hwl. — 

M*^ elicV«i^ ilM a cuh played br two po- 
•oia oa a elMbn} boaid. alao oUbd *uMi^ 

>' n>"H i. diek'Bilt, •■. lit M< Kng U cr^tmrtd 
orJfJf in cbao, a ctiBt giiK to tfaa adnr- 
taiVi kuv whea u a poajim in wbiA it on 
BatbarberrotccledBotaiaiBilmt of ctwi, w 
thallbaEaaaiiGiuihadi Gs., a cuqilatc check i 

■oovcmeBt wfaidi aDdi Ibeaamo; ^., to de^t. 
IFl. «^ >f ■»(,- Ger. •cfae^lMM-^I><n. i^M 
mil. On Uns u dead— Ar, axUa, kg ii daad.] 
M chea, H. a game plaiFod by two pvHBi OB a 
boud like thai lucdm cbackeo. (&siB<lMki] 
ami, chdi, ■>. the lida of Iha &ce coniiH ti, 
jrm; tkeiUaoftbe &ca below Iha *Ta.fA.S. 
«aaa. Iha ckeak, law.] 

Ma, i^lr, ra. that lAkk naka Ur antntmct 
Itad; Jot; a ihonl; kind traatoieiit: entertain- 
mmt; !m.--*.t to maka ttr pmwlMajia giad ; 
10 coorfoit : to eoBUBage i to anplmd >-^>, wd 
•^-^kaa^C^iU. cheamf. [old Tt. Mm, 

*a~, *e^, tha hl.^ aJT/ ■""'" °'' 

iihed. \^t.cktnr,clitrmmnt.'i 
bHH, chei, «., a< «nf t/ au 

baid Diau. [A.S. ««, lyar, a 

■kaair, chCil, fl^^ hHTiiig the lU 

l^plrUT. kemlMri, (omarly cay**hr. > 

^bodiK (Fi.clMB(;Sp.«i»io><;II-«iH 
fismtha aadot IIIim. aUcb at*.] 
tHkV koB'lit, <■. cnatUUod la dmii l n : 

\v!^ rt l ca l, kas'iJial, ai}., tOmgrnt 

Goioar; noay. irr. nrur,- i* tMratmsi %js. 
AnaK fin CinUMi, oe tha Blad Sea, whence 
hwuiaponad into Italy.] 
iM», cbMH-akiadof fwrbor OiU: Iwb- 
•toaa. K3<i.f-o»-] 

Okat, chat, n., m in; a luf* umt tBx; the 
part of Lha body bc|iirtefl tha oack mud the nb- 
donKD. [KS. efU, till, w/,' SooL i^i Go. 

.tl ui ■ pnckl* eua 1 (hs tnc that ban It. 

[oU E. etHfe^sM-obiteiit ; old Fr, eAutajpu .- 
L aulmmm! Gr. ,^ifti»iji, bm CaitaH, ia Foo- 
~ aa »M iatrod u cad iBtQ tnrcwie.l 
nTdfrfrti, B. lit. * mJm^ 

banc adTODtoniL (Fr. Mnw/mlr.] 
AtnLda^ ■UT'iil-fik, ^t ial mn ■hn'd-nia, •#, 

a. mvk; parliapa co 

v.i. M qnaml rnimt triJUi; la 

■hiA* and trido lo d«n«. \tl. tkirmurr, la 
miBiU; Sp. eltok loal]! It alea, a.DiAi: L. 

>L<.'diU, <o)>:) diOila; *mj!^i. cUd'den. 

tA.S. nU«, cUCn, u ac^l, M ehida.I 
WiC Aar, ai^.j lumdi latncipa], Uifecat, ftnt—K. 

a iuad or pueipal patHQ : a Iwla ; the pnn- 

cipal lan or tap ^ anylliiaf. [Fi. c*(/,- II. 

M/t; L. n;^; Gt. kif*^a; Sana. ii^^ai^Ll 
AliiT.cblf'H.nAi. inthafintplaca; ptudiially; 


mtai ajciiaawt gf aenad 
■t d/ baia.— *.i n ■nnd 


CL a h> i nl pa ff , fir a ■oa rin g 
V haul, a ■oMU'a i^ od ' 

I, idla or wild lucT. pL cW- 

. cUn^^aii'i^ II. ■ QKdaa of Bonk*; 
Kfaat, which apinacbaa ouM Bei^ 

[■nppaaed lo b* a n 

lha BUDtbj tha l^ll^w. U-S. no, (w-r; 


ik0r9$-Ukt fonn : a piece of the backbone oC a 
beast and adioining parts for cooldng. IFr. 
ickitu; It tcJuenm; old Ger. skma, a pin, thorn ; 
connected with L. i^i/ia, a thorn, the spine.] 

Chlak, chingk, n, a remt, crack, or el^t; a narrow 
opemng.-^.A. to split or crack. [A.S. cm#, a 
chink, a deft, cvuut, to split, cvuan, to gape.] 

Chlak, chingk, n. the elink or sound of money or any 
small piece of metal when struck on something 
hard.— v./. to cause to totmd, as coin, when 
struck together or on something hard.— 9.£ to 
give a sharp sound, as coin:-^n^ chink'ing; 
A>>/* chinked', [from the sound.] 

CailaH dimts, n, cotton doth, printed in five or six 
difftrmU C0hurt, [Hind, chkint, spotted cotton 
cbth ; Pers. cAms, spotted ; Ger. «>/«.] 

Ohip, chip. v.t, to chop or cot into small ineces ; to 
dimif'th by cutting awaj a little at a time. — v.L 
to break off in small pieces:—:^./, chipping ; 
/a/, ^pped'.— «. a small piece of wood or other 
substance chopped off. [Dutdw il^i^j^ ^ t'*'^ ' 
old Ger. Uppt, a chopping-knile.] See Okop. 

catfropmpky, kT-rog'rarfi, n. Ut. kattd^writm^ ; the 
art of writing or penmaashioL (Gr. cknr, the 
hand, rrw/*/, writmg.}-**//. ddrograplilsu 

ehlresrapbsr, kT-rog'rarf&r, «ldr«grapklsl» kl-rog'niP 
fist, ff. one who professes the art of writing. 

OUielogy, kT-roKo-gi, is. the art of discmtrting vtiik 
Hu kmndt or by signs as the deaf and dumb da 
[Gr. chrir, the hand, IcgOM^ a discourse.] 

sMrologlsl^ k1>rol'o-gist, m. one who coov ei sei by 
signs with the hands. 

C M repo dlst > kT-rop'o-dist, n. a hmndand/oot doctor ; 
one who removes corns, bunions, warts, ftc [Gr. 
choir, the hand, and pcus, pcdot, the loot.] 

Cblnrgsea. kl-rur^un. h. one who cures diseases by 
operation* toUk the hamd; now BargsoB. {Ft. 
chirurgion; L. chirwrgus; Gr. choiromjos— 
choir, the hand, erjon, a work.}— «. ehtra'geij, 
now matmf.—adj\ ehlrv'flsa], now saigloeL 

Oklrp^ ch^, n. the sharf, shrill sound of certain 
tnrds and insects.— v.c to make a short, sharp 
noise, such as certain birds make x—Pr.p, chiip - 
ing ; >«/. chiiped'. [from the sound.] 

OUssI, chis'el, «. lit a cuitor; a tool to cut or 
hollow out, wood, ttone, ftc-^v.^ to cut, carve, 
&c with a chisd :— >r.>. chis'elling ; >a>. chis'- 
elled. [old Fr. citol; low L. ciseUut—u. ticili- 
cnla, dim. ofsocula, a sickle, from toco, to cut] 

Obltk chit, IS. lit a shoot or sprout ; a baby ; a lively 
or pert young child.— v.i. to sprout or germinate. 
[A.S. euh, a young tender shoot] 

CUvatiy, ftc. See under OkersUw. 

Cikrlasi klO'iTn, n, a pttk-grton jp^ with a dis- 
agreeable, suffocating odour, ifr. chlorimo : \aw 
L. chiorina, from Gr. chUros, pale-green.] 

ehlolfl^ klO'rik, adj., of at from cAlori/to. 

bMotUs, klO'rid, h. a compound of chloritu with 
some other substance, as potash, soda, &c 

ehlottte, kle'rTt, n, a soft minerai of a rrtonish 
colour, with a soapy feeling when handled. 

ehlorefonii, kloVo-form, «. orig. a compound of 
ckiorino ami formic acid, a cdouriess volatile 
liquid, distilled frx>m rectified spirit^ water, and 
chloride of lime, much used to induce insensibility 
during the peifonnance of an^ surgical opera- 
tioQ. [Gr. chiiros, »ad/ormtc add^ so called 
because orig. madefrx>mants, h.yormua, an ant] 

Clwoolsts^ chok'Mftt, m, a beverage made by mixing 
the cocoa^nnt, roasted and ground, with hot 


^!^rf*'» a paste or preparation made from fHkt 
CO<^-nut [Fr. chociiat; Sp. chocolate ; from 
Mexican ckoeolatl—choco, cocoa, latl, water.] 

CkflAe%, See imder Ohoest. 

Ohotr. See under 

Ohoks, chOk, v.t, to throttle: to suffocate ; to stop 
or obstruct — v.i. to be choked or suffocated ; to 
be obstructed:-^./, choking ; >».>. choked'. 
[A.S. aceocf'oM, from ceoca, a dieek ; Ice. hoh, 
qnoh, the throat ; Scot cAouhs, the jaws.] 

skrnkls, chuki, v.i. to laugh in the throat or in- 
wardly in triumph:—^./, chuckling; Pa^ 

Oholsr, koF&r, n, lit the bile ; anger or irudbilitv. 
once supposed to arise from excess of bile, [owi 
Fr. choUre; L., Gr. chaUra^-Or. choU, bile.] 

dMtaile, koF&r-ik, etdj, full of choUr or anger; 
angry; petulant 

dMtara, kol'ir^a, n, a disease duuacterised hf 
bilious vomiting suad purging. [Gr. choleru — 
choU, bile : or cholera^ a gutter or water-mout) 

ekolsrale, kol-te-Alk, adj., ^ the nature ^ cholera^ 

chOSz, v./. lit to prove or tr^i to pick out 
what u proved or approved ; to take one thing in 
preference to another; to select— «.fc to have 
the power of choice ; to will or determine '.—pr.p, 
chewing \Pa.t. chOse ; fa,p,f^^esi. [Fr. choisir; 
A.S. ceos€m ; Dutch, husen ; Gotli. hiusan, prob. 
fit)m kausjan, to prove, try.] 
dMiee, chois, n. act or power of choosing; dw 
thing chosen ; pr e fer en ce : the preferable or best 

rt — etdi. worthy of being chosen ; sdect [old 
and old Fr. chois, Fr. choix.\ 

Chop, chop, v.t. lit to give a sudden blew; to cut 
with a sudden blow ; to cut into small ineces.— 

ekop, chop, n., apiece chopped qff, espedallv of meat 
flftoppsr, chop'&r, n, one who or that which dtops. 

Ohop^ diop, v.t,. to exchange or barter; to put 
one thing in puce of another :— /r^. chopping ; 
Pa.p. chopped'. [A.S. ceapian; Ger. luat/en; 
Goth, haupon ; Scot coup, to buy or sdL] 

Ohop^ chop, M., the ckapor}a.w, generally used in 

pl. [See Okap.] 
ehop-tellM, chop'-fawln, oiff. lit having the cM or 

lower latwyauen down ; cast-down ; dejected. 

Ohoral, ftc. See under Ohena. 

Chord, kord, n. lit an intestine or gut ; a string of 
gut : the string of a murical instrument ; a com- 
binadon of tcmes in harmony : in geometry, a 
straight line joining the extremities of an arc 
[Fr. corde; ll chorda; Gr. chordi, an intestine.] 

Choilsler. See under Oherw. 
Ohoras, kO'rus, n. orig. a dance in a ring or roimd 
dance, then, a daiKC accompanied with singing ; 
a band of singers and dancers ; a company of 
nngers : that which is sung by achonw ; a musi* 
cal piece in two or more puts. [L. chorus ; Gr. 
choros, originallv perhaps meaning a drde.] 
Chdr, kwTr, n, a chorus or band of suigers, eq>ed- 
ally those bdonging to a church ; the part of a 
diurch appropriated to the singers ; the part of 
a cathedral separated from the nave by a rail or 
screen. [Fr. cheeur. It core, from L. chorus.^ 
tiuni, kO'ral, adj. bdonging to a chorus or choin 
ehedftar, koilst-^, n. a member of a choir, 
Obnm, (AiOz,Pa.t. and obs. /a./, of Choose. 

flUe, Or; vO, hht; alna ; mOtt ; mOte ; mOOu ; thtn. 


_ J dmf, m. a kind of jackdaw which frequents 
rodcy places and the sea-coast (A.S. cec; Fr. 
ckawca*: from the cry of the bird.] 
krioB, krixm, j*. lit that which is tnuared on ; 
ointment : consecrated or holy oil ; unction. [Gr. 
ckrismm^ from ckrU, ckrisd, to anoint] 
vtamal, kriz'ma], €ulj„ pertaimMg to chrism. 

oIbI^ krlst, I*, lit M# ameinitd; the Messiah. 
[A.S. crist; L. Chrutns; Gr. Ckristat—cAriO, 
^^**^» to anoint] 

Msia, kris'n, 9./. to baptise in the name ofCArist; 
to gire a name to:— /r./^ and m. chris'tening ; 
>«.>. cfariS'tened. [A.S. cristtuoM.'] 
krtataaAoai, kris'n-dum, h. that part of the world 
under Christian rule; the whole body of Chris- 
tians. rA.S. Cristendo m c ris ttnt a Christian, 
dam, nue, sway.] 

Wrtl s n . krist'yan, n, a follower of Christ; one 
bom of Christian parents.— «^'. relatingto Christ 
or his religion. [A.S. cristtne; old Fr. chris- 
Hem; L. Christianus; Gr. Christiatios.y-^'s, 

knst'yan-Is, v.t., t0 mtakt Christian; 

to convert to Christianity \—tr.p. Christianising ; 

/«./. Chris'tianlSed. 
ArMjdIj, kris-ti-anl-ti, n, the religion of Christ, 
CteMna^ kziai'mas, «. an annual festival, orig; a 

mass, in memory of the birth of Christ » hela on 

the asth of December. [ODhrlst, and lUsa] 
CktlrtBus-b«a^ kris'mas-bdu. is. lit a ^.r containing 

Christmas pesents ; a Cnristmas gift 
CkiMolegj. kns-toro-ji, n., a discourse oh Christ, 

[Gr. Christos, and logo*, a discourse.] 

loO-mat^, mdj. relating to colours; 
cokmied; in MMir, proceeding by semitones. 
[L. ckrvmatiats: Gr. ehrdmatihos^chr9ma, 
coknr—chrPMMttmi, to stain.}— i».«MSf-. Ghro- 
mstlc% the sdence of colours. 
OteosMk krOm, flhwnlim, krO'mi-um, n, a metal re- 
ssarkable (at the colours of its compounds. [Gr. 
ehrSma,}—ad/. ckroMle. 

OhroalA, kmdrik, OhraalesI, kronlk-al, ad/.j rtlaiitig 
to time; lading a long time; periodical. [L. 
chtvnicms ; Gr. chronikos—chroMos, time.] 

«hz«ald% kronl-kl, «. a register of events in the 
onler of time; a history.— to record in 
history i—^^. chron^dmg ;/«./. chron'ided.— 
js. Anolckr, a historian. 

•hnaelQgy, kro-noro-ji, m. lit a discourse om time; 
the sdence of computing the dates of past events. 
[Gr. chroHologia — chrouos, time, logos, a dis- 
course.]— a^>. c hr e n o l ogle, ehroadoglosL — o^ftr. 

ehroBol'fligtr, Anm^ecist 
r, kro-nom'e-tte, n. an instrument for 
measuring time ; a watch. [Gr. chronoSt metrou, 
a measure.] — cu^s. ctfcrononwt'xle, ehroaomsfrioaL 

tJtrgweSiM, kris'a-Us, «. iht form, otbeagoldcoloured, 
assumed by some insects before thev become 
winged.— >/. tkrjnfldfM (i-d€z). [L. ckrysallis; 
Gr. chrysailis—chrysos, go\A.}—adJ. eh^s'alld. 

ekrysolttsk kria^o-lTt, n., the gold stone ; a mineral of 
a yellowish colour. [Gr. chrysos, lithos, a sUme.] 

dttyaovTMS, kriS'o-prftz, chijmpiM WS, kris-op'ra-sus, 
M. a variety of chalcedony : in ^. , a yellowish-green 
stone, nature unluiown. [,QT,chrysos,vcoAj^rason, 
a leek.] 

Ckab^ chub, n, a small river>fish with a large head, 
[A.S. e^, Ger. ho^/, the head; L. ea^, a fish 
with a kuge head— <0>w^, the head.] 


chriAr. chubl, adj., chu^lihe; short and thick; 
plump.— 4v. dmkrbtaMSiL 

Omek, chnk, n, the call of a hen ; a word of endear- 
ment; a slight \i\aw,—v,t. to call as a hen ; to 
sttike gently.— r.«. to call as a hen ;— >r.>. 
chuck mg : >«>. chucked', [from the sound.] 

ihaeUs, chuki, v.t, to call, as a hen does her chick- 
ens ; to caress '<—fr.p, chuckling ;/*»•>• chuckled. 

Gtoekia, to kugh in the throat [See Ohoks.] 

OtaB, dium, «., a guest; a chamber-fellow. [A.S. 
omra, a guest— <vmmm, to come : or a contr. of 
Pr. catuarade, a comrade, one occupying the 
same chamber, L. camera, with another.] 

OhsrBh, church, m. Ct l!A# Lord's house: a house set 
anart for the worship of God ; the whole body of 
Ch n shans ; the clergy ; any body of Christians. 
--«'.{. to perform with any one the giving of 
thanln in church :^~^.p, churching; >«.>. 
diurched'. [K.S.circe;Gts,hirche:^cot.1^h: 
Gr. hyriaki—Kyrics, the Lord.] [of England. 

Avdnua, church man, ». a member of the C3uuch 

ehnrehwardni, church-wawr'din, «. lit. a guardian 
<ifthe church; an officer who represents the inter- 
ests of a parish or church. [Ohwch, and warden.] 

Aardqrard, church'yfird, n., the yard round Mr 
chsaxh, where the dead are buned. 

(tall, churi, M., a countryman; hence, an iU-bred, 
suriy fellow. [A.S. ceorL a countryman; Ice, 
karl, a man ; Ger. herl; Scot carl, carle.} 

onliah, churlish, aCt' • Hhe a churl; rude ; surly ; 
ill-bred.— a</v. chaiflahly.— «. ehufUuMn. 

Ohara, chur^ v.t.^ to turn or shake violently, as 

cream when making butter :—j#r>. chur^ig; 

>«.>. churned'.— «. a vessel in which cream is 

churned. [A.S. dm, certHe—ceman, to churn 

c yrran , cerrun, to turn; Ice. hirtM ; Scot him,} 

Vkem, chODs,-v.^. a form of Oheesa. 

Ohyls^ kxl, n, lit/wtir/, liquid: a fdiite fluid drawn 
from the food while in the intestines. [Gr. chyles 
— cheO, to be liouid.]— A(rr. ehjla'ceea^ diyfona. 

ehjUfkettve, kll-i-fak'tiv, adj. having the power to 
make chyle, [L. chylus, sjA/acio, to make.]— 
n, ehyllfao'tiM, or ehyUflea'ttoB. 

Objms, kTm, is. lit a liquid; the pulp to which the 
food is reduced in the stomach. [ L. chymus, Gr. 
chymos—ched, to be liquid.]— a^. Shjm'owL 

dijBlieatloa, klm-i-fi-lcA^un, n, tne act of being 
formed into chyme. [L. chymus,/acio, to make, j 

CkyaisI, Objaistey« now Ohaaist, (IhmIsIij 

QOnaiicma, si-bft'ri-u^ adf, relating to/ood; that can 
be eaten. [I«. cioartus~-cibus, food.] 

Cteairlee, sik'a-tris [Fr.], Oloatrlz, si-kJl'triks [L.], 
n, the scar over a wound after it is healed. 

ekaMss^ sik'a-trTs, v.t. to help the formation of a 
skin or cicatrix on a wound or ulcer by medi- 
cines. — v.i, to heal:— /r./. cic^atrlsing; >a./. 
dc'atrTsed. [Fr. cicatriser.] 

OloaroM, sis-e-rOn'e. n. one who points out local 
curiosities and talks lihe an orator about them ; 
a guide. [It — L. Cicero, the Roman orator.] 

Otearoniaa.sis-e-rO'ni-an.ii^f.relating toor likeCACKWi. 

CMar, sfd&r, n, lit intoxicating drinh; a drink 
made from apple-juice. [Fr. cidre; L. sicera; 
Gr. sihera, strong drink — Heb. shahar, to be 
intozicated.}— «. et'darUn, an inferior cider. 

OM, sd, v.t, in B., to panel or wainscot :— >r./. 
deling ; /a./, deled', [from root of esUlBg.}— «. 
etoflag; wainscoting. 

d^ar, si-gfti<, n, a small roll of toSacco for smoking. 
[Sp. ctgarro, a kind of tobacco in Cuba.] 

fllfe, fV* mCthte; ninfe; n^Ke; mtlte; mOOo; th«fu 

ages on the edge of a vegttabla body, or on aa 
animal orgam or aainiaknle. [L. W/mM, pL cmm, 
cyeUdi^ejreladMt; Gr.ib'^bJ-MC^* w>m7»«Q^ 
atai, having cOiau 

CtaiM% sioKlirae, mdj. nhdnff to the CImM, a 
tribe originally from the north of Geimany. 

Oteatar. iim'e-t«r, Mmllar, aiml-tar, n. a cnnred 
swocd used in the East [Ar. tiitu4*frtf; Sp. 
HmUmrrm; IL tdimitmrtm; from Basque, «nw- 
Ikrrw, or Pen. ait e w m t f r, or iktm uhi r.^ 

flaawhw. siBMnTri-as, «^. relatfaiff to die C^Ma- 
rnrn^ a tri be &ble d to haTO Ured in peipetaal 
dMfwutti es l ieind y danc 

tln*on% sfakJcflTkia, flk the baric of a tree that grows 
in Pern, a vahiable medicine for ague, [so 
called firam the D>mitess dd Cmckmt who was 
cored by it and btroducel it into Spain.] 

flanliiiL singVtiir, »., agbrdU or belt; something 
worn round the body; a moulding round a 
cohimn. [U cmehtri^-dttfp, ctMctus, to gird, 
suRoond.}— «^*. sine'tandy having a oncture. 

ITIaitr, i&xl6kx, «. the refuse of buned coals; any- 
thing dianed by firs. [Ft. amdrt: It. cmtrn U 
cmis, cmsris, muMi coon, with Gr. icmit, dust] 

sliitey, sin'dte-i, m4f; Hke or c om posed ctdmiUrt. 

dmntjt sio'te-air^ «4^., ftrimmmg U «M«r. 

slBsratloai, sin-te-A'khun, sJnsftMiMen, sb-e-fidc^afaun, 
f». theactofreducingtoa«6M<rrortoashefc [L. 
rnmCr, MaA/mciCt to malce.] 

sing^gaOis, n^ the natifM 
of Ctf Um. m 4f ' bdongii^ to Ceylon. 

Otaaabar, siaiVbar, «. lit drngm^siiUtd; native red 
sulpfaurst of mercury, called vermilion when used 
asapigment [L. emmmhmrittOt, kinimhmri, drag- 
on*s Dlood,ady« from thegumof thetree socalleo.] 

IWaasMM. sifl^na-man, n. &e spicybark <rf'a hmrsl 
inCeykm. [I*. e m mmmttmmH ; Heb. k i$u im $ m p $t,'\ 

OtaqM^ singk, «. the number Jfoir. (TV.] 

slavnMMl, ringk'-foCI, n, iha/St» Mnfa/dover. [fV. 
cimfttt, an4/n«flSr» 'L»/0lmmJQt./i^tt0H, a leaf— 
^kUi^pkha^ tobloom; Saas.>(liia; tosprsadout] 

OlplMr, <I'ffa',».fai4iriM. the character 0, the use of 
whidiistofill an Mt^ place; anv of the nine 
fiffures; anything of little value: an interweaving 
of the initials of a name ; a secrst idnd of writing.— 
v.i to work at arithmetic—^./, to write in secrst 
characters!— ^.>. cfphcring; >M> cfpbered. 
[It cifirm; Fr. Otiffrt; Ar. fi^; empty.] 

qnTssrtSB,ilrr lrsfh*yan, a4j. belonging to Circmttimt 


a co un try on the north of Mount 

Oresaa, sAMfl'an, m4f, rebtiag to the fabled Ciret. 
who was s up posed to have great knoiriedge of 
nmgic and poiaonooB heriM I magical; poisonous. 

Clrds, steld, n, a plane figvrs bounded by a line 
every point of whidi b equally distant from a 
point in die middle called the centre; the line 
wfaidi bounds the figvrs ; a rang; a senes ending 
where it began; a company surrounding the 
principal persoo.— v.A to move round; to en- 
compass.— 9.£ to move in a circle :— /r/. drc'- 
ling : >a.^. circled. [A.S. «lre»^ It «nrt»il»^ from 
L. cimtitu, dim. cteirtus, Gr. kirkoi, a cude.] 

slrelst. sArklet «.. « Uiii* chxk, 

stroelar, s«i^kQ-lar. a<r., Ukt a circU; round ; end- 
ing in itself; addrosed to a circle of persons.— 
n, an address to a circle of persons. — mdv* dr'- 
e«lsrly.~«k droalai^. 

stomaH s^ilca-lat, v./. to make to go round as le 
a circU; to spread.— v.i. to move round ; to be 


■g;;^ about r-^^cii'dllldnffj/is^. dKcS- 
l**«d. CL* drtmlt, diTttlmim.} 
dxetitMm, s«r4ca-ll'shun, is. the act of moving A$ 
f cirtU, or ct going and retuminf ; dm money 
m use at any time in a country. 
■ r. s*i1tf " 

:a-lft-tor, m., ^tu wht eircttlkUs.-^ 
ad/, dr'ellatoty, circular; circulating. 

eireitft, steldt, is. the act of m^oimf r»tmd: that 
which endrdes; a round made in the exerdse of 
a calling. [TV.; L. eintt^m -c im iw, to go 
round ciPVttiHf round, os, ittttn, to go.] 

«lieatt«B% s«r4calt-us, /u^;, f»A$f in « e^xmii; 
round about ^-iiOT'. 

OKaaumMsnl^ •Ar-knm-am'bi-«nt, *(/!, g9m£ 
round miomi; sorroundiiv. [L« ehtum, aooot, 
mtmUff, to go roond-^kiMM; Car. mti^^, around, 
and 00, to go.] 

QbeaBaabBlati^ sfa^knm-am'b04it 9J., U wtalk 
rmmd mbmi:—^^, drcumam'bQllting ; >«./. 
drcumamHiallted. [L. ciremm, aboiit, «ii(«M% 

Oisi u ls^ tt^kmOf^iM, v.tViLUttii mrw mt d ; to 
cutoff the foreskin aooordiBg to the Jn aiili lavr : 
'-fr^, drVnmrlirin^ ; /a^ dr'cumclBed. (L. 
(irtnmtid ,eircm ii € % » m rfncwas, around, <w^, 
to cutj rcuiflfir 

sfrooMlBla^ sMnnA-drii'bn, «. the act of circna^ 

O iiM ll im n, sirJcmB'f^r-enB, «. the line dmt it 
cmni*drnmd m imi or bounds any figure; the 
bottndary4uie of any round body.— tM^r. tketas- 
ftnaHaL [L. Hrmm, aboiit,>»fi^ to carry.] 

ObeiBfies, sArlcnm-fidcs, iv. lit a htmUftg ttmnd; 
an accent (a) denoting a rUimg tmdJkUtmg of 
the voice on a vowd or syllable. [L. circum, 
U9mdt/UcU,,^0xttt» to bend.] 

steOcnm-fiekt, v,t, to give effect to or 

mark with a a' t tmm/fijr :— ^./rdronmfUct^lng ; 
>«/. drcumfiedfea. 

mdj,, / l am ing round 
'. [L. curumj round about,yriw«r,yifawrti<r, 
flowing^-^w^ to funr.] 

dreiBfesi^ s«r-kum-flU', v.f, H pmr mvnnd>-» 
>r^ drcumf&s^; /a./, dtcumfllaedr (Ur^ 
€nm, 9nnDdt/9md0,/uim, to pour.>-iii> slrsaift- 

s6r4cum.jlW nfi., Mng rounds 
bordering on every side. [L. t^rcum, round. 
/sMW, lying-:fBM», to lie.] 
Obe^MBMan. sftr-kum-lft-kfi'shttn, «., u t^foking 
rvund aS ru i ; a manner or form of e a pres si on in 
v^iich nwe words are used than are necessary. 
' •v* •frwertssTBlsiy. [L, tifvutm, around^ 
l0fU0r, socuhtt, to speak.] 

ObeasM^vlgals, stewkum-navl-git, v./., UmnUnU 
or tail round, (L. Hreum, round, and ffavi- 

gats.]— «. dramnavlialisn. [mi/r round, 

tfroaaaavlgaAor, sArJcum-nayi-gtt^r, n., out who 

IWisaaeiifti^ stelcum-skrlbi ti^tf. lit 1^ wriio 

around/ to draw a line round ; to endooe widihi 

certain Umits >-^^ dr^cumscrtbiy ; >«.>. dr'- 

cumacrlbed. \j^ €ircuon% around, ocrHo, to 

write.] ^ [frs line that Mmita. 

siri^Bsmipilsn, seNCUMkrlpriiMm, m. limitation i 

OtaeasMpsel, sitlcum-spekt, «^., iSpnUy 1 

mil sidet watchfully ; cautious ; pruda 

Sv eamspectly.— 4i. ov camopsolnssi. [I« 

around, optcio, tfecium, to look.] 

um-spek'shun, is.,«lnMMmAi{#> 
Mcsr; watchfulness; oautioa. 

OJreamrtanse, s^rOnun-stans, «. lit diat iHiidk 

r.t. to move round ; to be Otroeautanse, s^rOnun-stai 
lite, Or; m«,hte; mlM; mOte; mQte; mOOa; Men. 


fek. ■b^lnniHtu'iliali, k/H bddentali. 

•, • mil « rardfialiaa 
urt. [L Hm«a voond, 
— -- --mn.] 

ebm, iMnB, a. lit. anrrfr; k drtnlar bidldiii^ 
for thcBdubiEiaiofgainei; Hpticefbr theCEhi- 
UtioBof (uti ofhonciiuiiiUp, CL. tirrm; Gi. 

•■-■ ^" adrdB.] 

'1t«/i(^^ ^.^--, 

._ jDiiiilagafcuHuiflfibra: L 

a Undril 1 ia a*£i, UT curled EliuiKnt | ... 

dl44d, nea-dcL*. lit a ittfC/r litf. i 

uuadtr. [It.nfAub£E>,i«in.iif<>fU,idCv.! 
illfcia, lUl-tEa, ■■ u InhaUtuI oC ■ tily; ■ tnda 

■Ms, oT^ a^.iftrUmmf U 

tha rff hti of ■ ddm. 

M. rirU Mi,:, ttHmimiHi ta m tUt v. 
cwniBBiUtr — alnntBiU loiwiaMit ! hi 
nfiumcsi of dty4nd pHflE ; pcJiu : 1 
Bot Anun 1 eomiBKda], dm miliiuT : 
cccksiutiaL— aA. atmir. [>^ 

Mlli^ it-Til'TU, K m protoaor a uodui 
law ; <ne lonnd in dnl H dittuwidil 
militan «nd oibr paimil*, 

MUM. n*11-m e.f., &a>d> nWI; to nek 

•Mtttr. d.*in-d, a. iBod-lnidlBg: priltnn^ 
(■n^ iln, IL ■ plut^ th* l«k ud faito EMM 

Erowliis u tofn. [?r, c^, I. ccj^ u ouoD.) 
(im, ■It'm, a, ■ parftma obtained &«■ ibidRt 

Afrio. [r>. tiiKtUi It. MitUi Pvi, ffarf.l' 
OHfe, U^ ..i, M Mi4> a «U- j>M anlM u 

lT"ritti«>-<^ d«iW:>a./. ick«r— 

DM, kkdl >sr(>apMV& of OMW 

Oila, ItUm, o.f^, »en[f «■><>>■ or IHwhlai; u 
dcmud u ■ iight>.yr> dain^nic; fm^. 
diinud'.— a. a duiand lor (omotldu mppuKd 
diw ; ( nil* i th« thing ''■'—' p:. fjnw, to 
con out, roi oiiiiH, fioD ca/^ Gc iaM, to ealL] 

MiMkl., kUm-arhl, m^. IhU mar ha cbdwii 

ABut, klaD/ut, a^'., cafi^aJMrfn evBsnJr. 

•war, klam'tir, n., a tmiimr kU; ■ loud «•» 
tmuout oulCTT : npni.— «it to cty aloud Id do- 
mand; tonahaalowdcoQtfaiHoaaQUtciyf / rj*. 
dam'During! *K>. dam'aund. O^tUmtr.'l 

•■•IIM, klam'orAa, tub', noinr, bolnaroua.— aaAt 
•laia'nailT,— «. itaa^ifaaBM. 
OalTTeiaHt, lclli>nii'u& a, (/MKi<ril/nten ; Iha 
pntanded powit of iicing tkingi not pnseni n 
the leiiaB*. [Pr— «Utr, L. tlm-Mi, dear, aod Fr. 

lataiaju^ kUriTorant, a^t nlUlnK to dainpoy 
anea.— tt oae arho prof aam dalmyuca. 

laa, klam, v.1. to doc with OidcT matter :—fr.f. 
daauaW; fa^. dammed'. (A-S. tbmiiui: 
OODBected vuh oaaiber, daiq^, tftsb^l 

laamr, kUin'ini, »dj. itickir i moiit and adboivi. 

It eHmt wiA ifilGcnlty, 
■ and Teet:-^^-*- dam^ 
A [Ger. «U 

haU tightly.] 
■H^ aumpi a. at. lomethltw that Jasitta or 
MiwCr;apieCB of dmber, inn, sc uaed to faiten 
thinii toMthtf Of to ■Czencthca an; framewDriL 
—«.<. toMndwithdanoa. [A.S. c£iii>, abasd- 
a(B ! Dutch, U rn m^-kUmfn, to baten.] 
laa, klan, a. a frilfe or coUecdon of Jjunilict lub- 
ject to a nn^ dueTtain, bearing tha aome aur^ 

a cliqoft iedt or body of peruoa. [^eL f/sju, 
Ir. ctoJtn or iiaj\d, offrannK thbe-1 
luBlah, Uanlih, a/:. cIokIt iiniied like tho I 
benorac/aa.— oA.ilauitiUT.— a.daan'lil 

liea ufider a chjaftain. 
laaaaa, klani'msD, a. a member ofa eJiia. 
tandiattai, UaB^de^tiB, adj., cmnalrd oiUddn! 

frivate ; unlawful ; ^.—tiao. olaaAi^ttailf . [L. 

ctnmdaiiMiu — clam, KcrellT— f'/^?, to cxmceaLJ 

fiUa,acj B^bte; I 


CBaac Uang* v.i. to strike together widi a rm^htjt 
tmtaUie $9mtd, — v.i. to produce a than, durui 
sound :'7^.>. clan^lnff ; >«.>. dangea .— «. a 
sharp, ringing sound, like that.nuule by metsdlic 
substances struck toffether. [L. claugo! Gr. 
kloMi, kUui£-ks9,tovot3k!t a sharp piercing sound ; 
Ger. klang: formed firom the sotmd.] 

rtsngwnr, klang'gur, «., a ciat$g; a sharpy shrill, 
hush sound. [L. clangor.y 

ctoak, klan^^ n. the light, sharp clang or sound, 
made by the striking of metallic bodies, as 
chains. -^v./. or £. to make or cause a dank : — 
>r.>. clanking ; >«.>. clanked\ 

flsiMlili, ftc. See under dsn. 

Osph klap, n, the noise made by the sudden strik- 
ing together of two things, as the hands; a sud- 
den act or motion; a bunt of sound. — v.t. to 
strike together so as to make a noise ; to thrust 
or ifaive together suddenly ; to applaud with the 
hands.-^.!. to strike the hands together; to 

cU/t, as the tongue of a bell, 
slsptesp^ klap'-trap, m. orig. a tfif^, or contrirance 
for c/^/^M^ in theatres ; a trick to gain applause. 

Osn-ebseve, klAr^ob-skOr, OhlsM-esevrOb ki-A'rO- 
os^lR/rO, M., eUar-^^tatre ; light and shade in 
painting. [Fr. cUUr, L. claruSf dear, and Fr. 
obteuriX,. 0Asc$trut, obscure ; It. ckiar0, dear, 
0tcur»t obscure.] 

Cknt, kiar'et, h. orig. applied to wines of a light 
or cUar red colour, but now used in Ensliuid 
for the dark-red wines of Bordeaux. [Fr. aairtt 
•—clair, L. clanu, clear.] 

daiUy, klatl-f T, vJ.,U make eUar.—v. I to become 
f^tMx \--fr.p. clarifying; /«.>. clarified. [L. 
elanut dear, und/kcw, to make.] 

alsrtinsliflc, klar-i-fi-kl'smm, ft. the act of cUarmg. 

•larlier, klarl-fl-^, n, that which clar^fit* or 

dMlsa, kbul-on, «. a kind of trumpet whose note 
is cUar and shriU. [Fr. clairon—chur^ dear.] 

elsriwist, klarl-on-et, daiteet, klarl-net, n. lit. a 
nnaU clarion; a wind instrument of muuc, 
sounded by means of a reed fixed to the mouth- 
piece. [Fr. clarimtUt dim. of cAsiVvw.] 

CU^ klash, «. a loud noise, such as is caused by 
the striking together of weapons; opposition; 
contradiction. — v.L to dash noisily together; 
to meet in opposition ; to act in a contrary dire^ 
tioQ*— v./. to strike noisily against :—:^.#. and 
H. dashing; >*.>. dashed'. JGer. klatscA: 
Dutch, kUtte; Ur. UomS : formed utrai tlie sound.] 

Ou^ Tdup, n. die thing which cla/t together or en- 
circles, and doses with a snap; a ho<Mc for fasten- 
ing; an embrace. — v.i. to fasten with a dasp : to 
enclose and hold in the hand, or arms ; to em- 
brace ; to twine round '.—fr.p. dasp'ing ; Pa.p. 
daq>ed'. [dd Eng. cla^ st Ols p .] 

rtsspg, klasp'&r, »., that which cla^; tlie tendril 
of a planL 

ilasp fcwtfii, Idasp'-nTf, n. a hn(fe. the blade of which 
b clatpcd by, or folds into, the handle. 

OUss, Idas, I*, lit the people calUd or assembled 
together ; a rank or order of persons or things ; 
a number of students pursuing the same studies; 
a scientific division or arrangement — v. t. to form 
into a class or classes ; to arrange methodicaUy : 
— /r.>. classing; As./, dassed'. [Fr. clam. 


\*' elams, Gr. hUsis, haUns, a callinff t og et hT, 
^m haltd, to calL] 

«>*>ite, klaslk, dsiBleal, klas'ik-al, a^. lit relatsnc 
or belonging to tht class; of the hii^iest class or 
rank, eq>eaallv in literature; onginaUr and 
chiefly used of the best Greek and Roman 
writers; chaste; refined.— clssrisit »->A Gredc, 
Roman, and modem writers of the first rank, or 
their wotkM.—adv. dassleaOy. 

dssilfisltlf. Uas-ik-all-ti, nlsalnslnss^ 1daslk-«I- 
nes, n. die quality of being cl a ss i c a l . 

daaify, klasl-4T, v.t., to make or form into cUusoti 
to arrange i—^-/' classifying ; >«./. classified. 
[L. cla^t^nd/acic, to make.] 

dswIftnsHwi, klas-i-fi-kl'shun, n, act of forming 
vato classes, 

OUttsr, klat'ir, n. a repeated confused rattling 
noiu; a repetidon of abrupt, sharp sounds.— 
v.L to make rattling sounds ; to rattle with the 
tongue : to talk fa^ and idly.-^.^. to strike ao 
as to produce a rattling :— /r.>. clatt'ering ; /«.>. 
datt'ered. [A.S. clatrung, cleadur, anything 
that makes a clattering : formed from the soundL] 

OaasSb klaws, «. lit that which is enclosed; a sen- 
tence or pojt of a sentence ; an ardde or part of 
a contract, will, &c. [Fr. clause; from L. cUuunt 
— clando, to shut, endose.] 

OlMistrsl. See under Cloister. 

davs, kllT— did deave— /««/ tense of dsava. 

davieto, klaVi-kl, «. Ut a littU hey;iht collar- 
bone, so called from its resemblance to a Roman 
key. [L. clavicnla, dim. of claxrisj a key.] 

daflealar, kla-vik'Q-lar, 04/* pertaining to tho 

daw, klaw, n. somedung cleft or s^it: the hooked 
nail of a beast or bird; the whole foot of an ani- 
mal with hooked nails ; anything like a claw.— 
v.t. to scratch or tear as with the claws or nails ; 
to dckle :-/r/. dawlnjs ; /«•>• clawed'. [A.S. 
clawui Ger. JUa$/e—hlteien, to deare or split] 

day, kb, n. that which stichs or adheres; a soft, 
tenacious, ductile earth, used to make bricks; 
earth in generaL — v.t. to cover, or purifv widi 
day, as sugar:— /r.>. claying; /«.>. oayed'. 
rA.S. clmg—clifian, to stick ; Dan. klmg; Dutch, 
kUu; W. clai; connected with Olag; Oeg, L. gelu, 
frost, gluten, Gr. glia^^ vsA Olas.] 

dafsy, USl, adj. consisting of or lUce cU^, 

daymors^ klA'mOr, is. lit the big sword; a largo 
sword formeriy used bv the Scottish Highland- 
ers. [GaeL claidhea$nk'mor, from Gael and Ir. 
claidheamh, sword, and mor, great : connected 
with L. gladius, a sword.] 

Otoaa, kl€n, adj. lit Polished, shining; free from 
stain or whatever defiles ; wholesome ; ruildess ; 
dever; neat — adv. quite; entirely; cteverly.— 
v.t, to make dean, or free firom dirt:— ^./. 
cleaning ; /a./, deaned'. — n, ekaa^aas. [A.S. 
elotn; w., GaeL. Ice. glan, shine, polish.] 

rtaanly, kleirli, adj., cleanlihe or clean ; dean in 
halxts or person; pure ; neat adv . in a de^y 
manner.— 4V. daawTlwaas. 

ilBaaaa, klenz, v.t. to make clean or pure :— /r.>. 
cleansing ; /a*/* deansed'. 

daar, klCr, adj. orig. well heard, loud, distinct; 
striking ; conqncuous ; bright ; transparent ; free 
fh>m mixture or obstruction; pure; plain; in* 
disputable.— «4fir. in a dear manner; plainly; 
wholly ; quite. — v.t. to make dear ; to firiee fsom 
obscurity, obetrucdon, or guilt ; to free, aoquil^ 


(./. classed'. [Fr. classe, obscurity, obstruction, < 
fiUe, fSr; mS, hir; mine; mOCo; mOte; mOQn; thta. 



«r ^rindkate ; to leap, or pan by or over ; to 

make pr(^t. — v.i. to oecome clear; to grow free, 

bright, or tianspareot :— ^.>. deai^g ; /«.>. 

deareif. (Fr. clair; Ger. kUr; Ir. kior, dean, 
W; a noise ; L. clana, dear, well heard-</«9, 
r. iAif, Sana, ctm, to tiear.}--«t. elMtf'aMi. 
raaea, kl&'anSj »»., oc^ €fcUari$ig; a certificate 

Coat a shsD has been cleared aX. the custom-house 

*-that is, nas satisfied all demands and procured 

penniasioD to saiL 
dMriag; klCr^mg, «., • imnking cUar; a defence 

or justification ; a tract of land cUartd of wood, 

&C., f<»' cultivation. 
«*«'U. klerii, ado., in a cUarmamur; distinctly. 
Oba»«, klev, cr.x*., Uttick or adkert: to unite; to 

fit^--/r^ deavlng; A»./. deaved' or cUvc; 

/M- deavcd'. {A.S.cliraH ; Ger. A/lr^m ; Dutch, 

iUenww. See (lay.] 

Omv^ IcKt, v./. to divitU, to «^/Si!^; to separate 
with violenoe.— ^./. to part asunder ; to crack : — 
fr.p. dealing; >a./. dOve or deft ; /«./. deft, 
cUhr'en, or deaved'. [A.S. cUa/an ; Ger. kluben.} 

•Itavaffi^ klev'^j, m. act or manner of cUaving or 

-!y * kl«v'*r, «. the perMO or thing tAat cUavtt, 

iWK kleft, in A, difl^ n. an opening made by f^otv 
cvor splitting ; a crack, fismre, or chink. 

dtt^ kUf, M. a €U/l or ciivtn rode ; a high steep 
rock ; the steep side of a mountain. 

dovow kloVn, /«.>, of CUav^ to divide, or adj, 
<Uvided; parted. 

(K kief, «. lit. a kty; a character in music which 
determines the A^or position on the scale of the 
notes that foUow it. [Fr., from L. clavis, Gr. 
kUis, a key.] 

GMl See under CUaw. 

W wii t l ^ kkm'a-tis, n, a creepiQg plant with long 
tmdrils, called also virrif^s dower and traveJ- 
kn^ejef. [}owL,:Gr.iilimaiu^-JUfma,ztwig,] 

OoMBl^ Idem'ent, adj. mild ; gende ; kind ; merd- 
fuL— «^. ttam'oKfely. [L. aemem*.] 

ri sM» <y , klem'en-si, h. the quality of being cUm- 
eni; mildness ; readiness to foigive. 

CkMh, klensh, same as caiaeh. 

Omgf, kl^i, n, the body of men ckasen or set 
fMrt as ministers of religion in the Christian 
Chupch- [Fr. clerri; low L. clericia; from L. 
eUrtcm, Gr. kOrikos, from L. clertts, Gr. kliros, 
w *, V**» ***«n ^« dergy : from the choice of 
Matthias bv lot to the apostkship, or because the 
Lofd was the lot or inheritance of the Invites.] 

<ieriyaia», klfa^ji-man, n. one of the clergy , a man 
rmjiarly ordained to preach the gospel, smd 
administer its ordinances. 

■terici klerU, eteloal. klei^ik-al, adj. belonging to 
the clera^ ; pertaining to a clerk or writer. 

^•rt^ klflrk, «. orig. a clerryman or priest; a 
schobur; one who reads the responses in the 
English Churdi service ; a writer, or accountant 
in an office. [A.S. elerc» a priest.}—^, elnk'ahlp. 

qmr, kley^b-, adj., ekilfid: dexterous; of intel- 
lectual abihty ; mgenious; skilfully done.— aAt. 
dav'acly.— #». dev'enMai. [old £. ^/<Wr, active : 
or A.S. gUav^erhik, of a wise mind, sagadous, 
from /;2raw, skilful, wise; Scat. gleg.J 

0«w, klCO. «. a tall of thread or the thread in it ; 
a thread which affords a guide through a laby- 
rinth ; any piece of information whicn enables 
one to solve a mystery or form a condusion ; the 
comer of a sail — v.l. to truss or tie up saik to 


the yards :—/r./. dewing ;Afc>. dewed". [A.S. 
cUow: W. cM, a lump ; L. glomtu, a baU of 
thread, akin to glcbue, a sphere, from root of 
Otoave. to adhere. See Oob^ CUobei] 

OUd^ klik, «. a short, sharp clack or sound ; any- 
thing that makes such a sound, as a small piece 
of iron falling into a notched whed.— t^.il to 
make a light, sharp sound:— >r.>. clicking; 
Pa.f. clicked', [imitative of the sound.] 

Gli«it» klf ent n. orig. mte wke hears and obeys 
a superior, hence, a dependent ; one who emdoys 
a lawyer.-*. eU'tatihipi [L. cliens, for cluens, 
one who hears, from cluee, to hear.] 

Ottfl; GUffc. See under Olaavs. 

catajaeter, kK-mak't&> OUmaeterk, kK-mak'tAr-ik, or 
khm-ak-tirlk, !». bt the round ^a ladder; a 
cntical period m human life, in which some great 
bodily diange is supposed to take place.— «^'. 
cUmaoWto. [Or. kismaktlr-kltmax, a hiddcT.} 

caimate^ klfmlt, «. the supposed xA^ of the earth 
from the equator towards the poles ; a region or 
xone of the earth ; the condition of a country og 

filace with re^iard to temperature, moisture, &c 
Ucltma, chmatu: Gr. klima, klimates, slope 
—kltnd, to make to bend or slope.] 
eUautie, klt-matlk, oUmatioal, kJl-matlk^a, adf. 

relating to, or limited by a climate. 
dima, kllm, n., a climate; a country, region, tract 
^m^l^ kirma-tlr, tr /. or r.r. See Aoclhaatissu 
dlawtoloty, klT-ma-toKo-ji, n.. the science of cli- 
mates, or an investigation of the causes on which 
the cUmateofa place depends. [Qt. klima, 9ad 
logos, discourse.] 

CMjMa^ klfmaks, n. a rising Uke the steM of a 
ladder OT stair; in Rhetoric, the arranging of 
the particulars of a portion of discourse so as 
to nse in strength to the last. [Gr. klimax, a 
ladder or staircase— from klini, to slope.] 

OUmb, klTm, v.i. or v.t. to ascend or mount up by 
clutchme with the hands and feet ; to ascend 
with difficulty i-fr.p. dimbing ; >».>. climbed'. 
t.A.b* cumoan, Ger. klimmen, to climb; con- 
nected with cnaaOMr, which see.] 

COlBa. See under CBtnaU. 

OhMJh, klinsh, v.t, to fasten or rivet a nafl by 
bendmg the pomt when driven through any- 
thuijg ; to grasp tightly ; to setUe or confirm :— 
/r.A dindi'mg ; /«.A dinched'. [Fr. clenche, 
a aoorwUitch : Ger. to«^. the riveted part Jt 
a bolt ; Dutch and Ger. klinken, to rivet abdt] 

ellaehar, khn'sh&r, «. one that clinches; a decisive 

dtaf; kling, 0./., Ai tf<£t^^ or //jtti ^&ir by wind- 
ing round : to adhere in interest or affection :— 
>r./. chngW ;>«./. and /«.>. dung'. [A.S. 
clingan, to adhere.] 

Otoio, kUnlk, CBateal. klinlk^, adj,, pertaining 
ff tfS't*^"??*** ^fe*-:*- "»•'**»• ow confined 
from klmd, to bend, recline.] 

OliJ. klingk, n. a ringing sound made by the 
strikmg together of sounding bodies.— p'/. to 
cause to make a riimg sound.— p.i to ring or 
jin^le:-^.>. dink%; A^>. dinked'. [fieri 
*^^f, to sound, to chdk ; alUed to Oaac.] 

«ltok«r, khnkir, «. the cinder or sbg formed in 
turaaces ; brick burned so hard that, when struck. 
It makes a sharp and ringing sound 

^'"SJ^K?: J*'* 7*u ^ ^"tirace; to cut by making 
the blades of shears meet; to cut tJsi-^.f, 

ftt^ fftr; m^ h«r; mine; mOte; note; moOn; Men. 


•Il9b Uqs n, anvthing that cU^ or holds; the act 

oUUJj^mg; the thing cii^ftd^, as the wool that 

has been shorn off sheep. 
eltop«r, kli]/^, n., otu ikmi eii^; a sharp-bult, 

fast-sailing Tess«u. 
dlnplag; kli^ing, M. the act of dipping ; the thing 


OUqas^ klSk, n, a grotm of persons in unioii for a 
puipoee ; a party or uctioo j a gang >-«sed gene- 
ralhr in a bad sense. [FV., perhaps firom root of 
cluM. and so as a nmsy coockve : or old Get. 
£rlifk, Ger. fleie, like, equal, and so s a ooas- 

OlMk, aoks» klok, n, a loose outer MortmiU; a 
covering; that which conceals; a disguise, pre> 
text.— v.^. to clothe with a ckmk; to corer ; to 
conceal :— ^/. doaklng ; >«/. doaked'. [old 
Fr. cipeJU; low L. ebca, a garment worn by 

(SsA, klok, n, lit that whldi clicks : a mad^ne for 
measuring time, and which marks &e time by 
the position of its 'hands' upon the dial-plate, 
or fay the striking of a hammer on a bdL [a 
Tariatioo of Oask, Ottek. A.S. cbtcgt,} 

s l es k -w o s k , klok'-wutk, n, the v»rkt or machinery 
of a clock; machinoy like that of a dock. 

Oto^ klod, n, a thick round mass or lusns that 
cmtvn or itkk$ i4ureiker, mwdally oi earth 
or turf; the iiround; a stupid fellow*— w.^ to 
collect into a tnick mass :— ^>. dodding ;>».>. 
dodd'ed. [A.S. c£«/; l>utdi,iUM; Oer. A^; 
from root of CBeavs^ to adhere.] 

rtoi-koppsr, klod'-hop-te. n, a country-man; a 
peasant : a ddt [cM, and koM€r,\ 

ilo(bat«L Uod'pftL ilodpeO, klod'pOI, n. one with a 
keadVk^ a Ood, a stupid fdlow. {clod, and 

Mel, klot, IS. a mass of soft or fluid matter concrete^ 
as blood.— «r.^ to form Into cloU; to coagulate :— 
>r>. dotting ;/«.>. dott'ed. [aformofOtod.] 

Otoi^ kloff. vMt UtHckUgtikerinammtt; to unite 
and aoGn ere * 9.U to accumubte in a mass and 
cause a stoppage ; to obstruct ; to encumber:— 
/r.>. doaruv*/*^* dogged'.— m; anything 
that hinders mooon ; an oMtructlon ; a heavy 
wooden shoe. [Scot d^f* to cover wlUi mud. to 
obstruct; Dah. kUog, stidcy; Ice. kUggi^ a 
maa t from root of Osavs^ to adhere.] 

CMslsr, kloUUr. is. a place mehted or shut In; a 
covered arcaoe forming part of a monastic or 
collegiate establishment; a place of sedusioo 
from the worid for religious du t ies. m J, to con- 
fine in a dobter, monastery, or nunnery; to 
confine within waMs ; yr /. cloistering ; >a/. 
dois'tered. [fV. cMtrt, old fV. ctcittn; A.S. 
clmmUr: It flmmttr^l L. tlmmfrum chmlg, 
clamtum, to dote, to shut] 

ddstwal, klds'tla^ cloistral, klols'tral, old form 
elaastral, klaus'tral, mth\ pertaining to or confined 
to a cMsttr; secluded. 

slelster«4, klois^toL «^. dweUing in chitUrt; 
solitary ; retired from the world. 

Olelw. SeeOleak. 

Olombb klOm, old Aw/ Utue of CBhik 

Hose, klOs, mdj., tkmt n^; with no opening; Odn- 
fined, unventilated ; narrow : near, in time or 
place : compact ; crowded ; hidden ; resorved.— 
mdv, in a dose manner; neariy; densely.— n; an 
endosed place; a small enclosed field; anatrow 


Pginge of a tlreet— «ifc'. •lew'ly.— su 

IvV. cUs, shttt-^^/. of clfiTf, ProT. clmmr, I* 

^Imtdtrw, clmmnu, to shut] 

<I*M^ klOs; v.i, to malce deu; to draw together and 
umte; to finish.— «.i. to grow togetl^r: tocofoe 
to an end ^-;/r^. dOsIng ; >>.>. dOsed'.— «i. the 
manner or time of dosing; a pause or stop; the 
end ; a grapple in wresthng. 

<os H, kloret, n*, m Uttk cUu or en d os e d place ; 
a small private room : a recess off a room.— v./. 
to shut up In, or take into a doset; to conceal:— 
>r> dM^etmg ; /«>. doi^eted* [Fir. ^iSrar/, 
dixn. otdM,} 

kluHr, IS. the act of dotbff ; that wliida 

dot SeeuaderOM. 

OMk, Idoth, >f. OMlM^ «., « «90rr£N!r or/wfMim/; 
woven material from whidi garments or corer- 
ings ars made ; the derical profession, from their 
wearing black doth. [A.S.«&sM,doth,^ikM«r, 
dothes, garments; Ger. klM, Ice. kimdh a nr" 
ment; oooa widi L. c/mnm^ to shut See 

sIoUms,' IdOikM (colloq. klOz), sr^. garments or 

sletts. kloM^ 9,t to eover withWMA«r; to provide 
with dothes ; fig. to Invest, as with a garment : 
^pr^, dOtlnng ; >«.>. dOUied' or dadr 

dolfeiv, kloMl-te, «. one who makes or aeHa 
clo^ or cUtkii* 

elolhlaff, klO/41ng, it., clotkis; garments. 

Otoai, klottd, «. moan drawn into clods or 
mmtttt; a mass of^watcrv vapour floating in the 
air ; fig. agreat vdume ot dust or smoke; a mul- 
titude of people.— v./. to overspread with douds ; 
to darken ; to stain with dark qtots or streaks. 
— vM to become clouded or darkened :— /n>. 
clouding; As./, doud'ed. [from the root of (Bed.) 

doniy, kloudi, e^f '• dsrirencd with, or consistiiy ot 
clotidti obscure; gloomy; stained with dark 
spots.— <ii^. deadly.— «». stoailasss. 

eloadlssi^ kloudles, a4i, unclouded, in any sense.— 
adv* eloadltssly. 

sloadtot^ kloudlet, »., « UiiU cloud, 

CloiilL klu^ii.ari4e^inarock,ortheddeof ahiU. 
rA.S. doti^ from clufimt cUiffan, to deave, split; 
Scot clonpL See Onave.] 

Cnout, klout. «. ti/atck; a small piece of doth ; a 
piece of doth sewed on dumsily ; a rag. — vJ., ta 
mend with m/aick; to sew a piece of doth over 
a rent; to mend dumsily :—/r^. doutlng; 
As./, doot'ed. [A.S. clut, a little doth, a patch; 
W. chot, a paten, clyiiant to patch.] 

Oove, dovea. See CBeave, to split 

CtoTs^ klOv, IS. lit « ismET; a puageat aromatic 
spioe^ the unexpanded &>wer>bttd (so called from 
its resemblance to a nait\ of the dove^tree^ a 
native of the Mduccas. [Sp. dmvo: Fr. elom; 
fix>m L. davtu, a naiL] 

Slove-ilak, klOV-pingk, is. the rZwr-gillyflower or 
carnation >M<I, which has an odour like that df 


Olewa, klown, «., m/iottikmam; a rustic or coun- 
try-fellow; one with the rough manners oi a 
coiintry^man ; a fool or buffoon. [L. colomus, a 
cultivator of the soil, from eolo^ to cultivate.] 

slewaiSh, klownlsh, «<^'. of or like a down ; coarse 

flttt, f|r; mf, Mrt m\m', mOte; nQte; mooo; Men. 


r, lo called from the likeness of its body to A 
litue hag supposed to contain pouou.'l 
•oAloCI, kokaoft, «., the tof lo/ii the toom in ft 
house next the roof, \cock = cod or c^, the top, 

Otfbalt, kOOmlt, m. a brittle, reddish-gray metal, 
usually found combined with arsenic and other 
minerals. [Ger. Aada/i, from kcbold, a devil ; low 
L. gobelimUf Gr. kobdlos^ a goblin ; so called Inr 
the German miners, because its presence indi- 
cated the absence of more valuaUe metals.] 
CoMl^ kobl, v.U to ioin or fit to; to botch ; to 
patch up or mend coarsely, as shoes:— /r./. 
cobbling; >i.>. cobbled. (oldFr.ox^i^ tojoin 
together ; Dan. kohUr, to cobble ; Ger. kopfeln, 
to tie together; (rom L. copuh^ to join.] 
MbbUr, koFlte, M. one who cMUs or mends shoes. 
Oobta, kobi, n. lit a hollow trunk of a tree; a small 
fishing-boat. [A.S. cuopie; Ger. kObel, bucket; 
W. ktttdal, a hollow trunk, a boat.] 
Oobwsbu See imder Oob. 

Ooo^pu, kok-An', n, the land of cookery or good 
livmg; an im ag inar y country of luxury and de- 
light ; the hmd of Cockngyt—lModaa, [FV. 
^cagtu, It. cuea^na^-atcca, sweetmeats, from 
L. coqitCf to cook. I 
Oo^Bsy, kok'ne, n, ht one brought up in Cocagyu, 
an imaginary land of plenty— hence, K^mfirtd 
individual ; an effeminate, ignorant citizen ; ap- 
Dlied contemptuously to a native of the dty of 
London.-^iL Oook'Bsji. [ace to Wedgwood 
fa> m Fr. eoqiuUtuTt to dandle, to pamper.] 
MskBtydem, kok'ne-dum, n. the r^on or home of 
Cockneys, [id % Cockiuy, 

eoekaaylsB, kok'no-um, n, the dialect or manners 
OsedfaroM, kok.«ir*^u8, adj., berry-hearing^. [L. 

COCC1U, Gr. kokkos, a berry, and>yv, to bear.] 
OoddBMl, koch^-n€l, n. a scarlet dye-i^uff consist- 
ing of the dried bodies of certain insecttgathered 
from the Cactus phuit in Mexico, the W. Indies, 
&c. [Sp. coekmilia. dim. of L. coceinus, Gr. 
kokkot, a berry, as the codiineal was formeriy 
supposed to be the berry or seed of the plant] 
OoQhlsaiy, kokae-ar-i, OoehlMU^ kokl»lt, 0»Ale- 
aisd, koklMU-ed, adj., twistedV;kt9.snaiUkell; 
spiral. [L. cocklea, snail-shell, screw; Gr. 
kocklos, a shell-fish with a spiral shell] 
Ooek, kol^ n. the male of Inrds, particulariy of the 
domestic fowl ; a weathercock ; a strutting chief 
or leader ; whatever is set up on an eminence ; a 
tap for liquor ; a pile of hay ; part of the lock of 
a gim. — v.t. to set erect or upright ; to set up, 
as the hat ; to set or draw back, as the cock of a 
gun.— 1>.«. to strut ; to hold up the head \—fr.p. 
cpcJ^g :>»•/• or adj. cocked'. [A.S. coe, cocc; 
Fr. coqi formed from his cry.] 
eeeka4«, kok-fld', n. a knot of ribbons or something 
similar worn in the hat named from its likeness 
to the comb of a cock. [Fr. cocarde—coq.\ 
•ockat ri es , kok'a-tris, n. a lizard or M^j^m/imagined 
to be produced from a cocKt egg hatched by a 
serpent [Fr. cocatrix; A.S. cocc, and ater, 
attor, a snake.] 
coApit, kok'pit n. a pit or enclosed space where 
foxa^-cocks fought ; a room in a ship-of-war fat 
the wounded during an action. 
•eckseoab^ kokslcOm, «. the comb or crest on a 

cocifs head ; the name of three plants. 
Mxeoab^ kokslcOm, «., cocXfs comb: a strip of red 
doth notched like a cock's comb which profe^ 
•ional fools used to wear ; a fool ; a fop. 


''•fjjlo^ kok-a-tOO", n. a kind of parrot with a crest. 

IMalay, kakatna, formed from its cry.] 
^'•Cfc-boa»,kok'-b5t«. annaU&wt/. [W. cwck, a boat. J 
••ckiwata, kok'swan (coUoq. kok'sn), n. the swain 

or ofllcer who has charge of a boat and its crew. 

[cock, a boat And swam.} 
Ooekdaftr, kok'chSf-te, n. a corr. of clock<kafer: 

the Blay-bug, an insect of a pitchy-black colour^ 

most destructive to vegetation. [Scot clocks 

beetle, and Obafsr.] 
•oekroaek, kok'rOch, n. the common black beetle. 
Ooeker, kok'^, v.t. (obs.) tc pamper, to iiufailgib 

[Fr. coqneliner, Dutch kokelen.} 
Ooekls^ kold, n. a troublesome weed among con. 

with a purple flower. [A.S. coccel: GaeL cegml} 
Oookto, kokX m. a skell, or skell-Jlsk; a sheU-fiah. 

havmg two wrinkled shells, of a heart-shape.— v.£ 

or /. to contract into wrinkles ; to shrink. [Fr. 

coqmlle: Gr. kongckylion, kongcki, a cockle.] 
Ooekloft. See under <M^ the top. 
Ooekasy. See under ffr^fift. 
OodroaA See under Oookehaftf . 
OoAswafat See under OoekboaA. 
Ooeoa, kOicO, n. a palm-tree growing in trqmcal 

countries, and producing the cocoa-nut [Port 

and Sp. coco, a bugbear : applied to the nut from 

the three marks at the end of it which form a 

grotesque face.] 
oocoa^a o l, or ooomsvI, kOlc5-nut, n. the well-known 

fruit of the cocoa-palm, containing a white kernel, 

within which is a pleasant fluid called the milk. , 
Ooooa, kO^O, n. a beverage made from the ground 

seeds or beans of the MiTOtf or chocolate tree, [a 

conr. oicacao^ 

OoeoflB,kO-kOOn', «. the CK-shaped sJull or cover- 
ing which the larvae of suk-worms and some other 
insects q»n. [FV. cocpw— L. concka, a shelL] 

oooooosry, kO-kR}n'te-i. n. a place for keeping 
nlk-worms when feeding and ginning cocoons. 

OoetloB, kok'shun. m. the act of boiling. [L. cectic 
— coquo, to boil, to cook.] : 

Ood, kod, Ood-flsh, kod'-fish, n. a spedes of fish much 
used as food, found in the northern seas, [low 
L. gudns; Gr. fades.} 

eodUng; kodling, m« a jroung cod-fish. 

Ood, kod, n. a kusk, shell, or pod, containing seeds. 
[A.S. codd, a small bag; Ice. keddi, a cudiion ; 
W. ctod, a bag or shelf; Scot, cod, a pillow.] 

Ooddl^ kodl, v.t., to keep warm; to pamper; 

to fondle ; to parboil i-^r.p. coddling ; pa.p, 

coddled, [prob. from Oaadlc] 
eodliBg. kod'ling, oodU^ kodlin, n. a hard kind of 

apple^frr boUing, 

Ood^ kod, n. orig. tke trunk of a tree, and later, 
wooden tablets bound together, covered with 
wax and used for writing on ; a collection or 
digest of laws. [Fr. code, L. codex or caudex, 
the trunk of a tree, a tablet] 

oedlcll, kod^-sil, n. a short writmg or note added as 
a supplement to a will.— oi^'. eodlefllary. [L. 
codictUus, dim. o{ codex.} 

oodliy, kod'i-fT, v.t., toputtnto tke/orm of a code: 
—pr.p. codifying ; >«.>. codified.— «. oodlfloaf- 
tloB. [L. codex, a code, vaA. facia, to make.] 

OoiOetoBt, ka-ef-fish'ent adj., efficient in compat^ 
witk something else.— it. that which acU together 
with another thing.— «. ooiA'alMey.— a/v. codf- 
elaatty. [L. co, together, and sOeisBt.] 

Oosre^ kWrS', v.t., to enclose wkoliy, to keep 


ftte, fir; me, h«r; mine; mOte; mQtc; mOOn; tk^ 


otder of iaiects hxnag two pain of «iiigt,^tlie I 
outar pair htang bard or hosnj, serriiig at ^mngr I 
cases for tho tnte wiags, at the beetltt. [Or. 
Mtfft, a slieaUi, aad^Urvm, vLjfitra, a wins.] 

ss l so f li g oii ^ koL-e-op'tfaMii^ aiy., uugthmngti^ 

OoUe. See nnder Oela& 

OiiHiwim See under Ooloiii. 

OoDabontor, kol-lab'0-rft-tor, n, z/kOaW'laSaitrtr; 
an associate or aaastant in labour, paiticiilarly 
literary or scientific. [Fr. coUataruUttr, bom 
L. cot, with, and laiorv, lai^ratut, to labour.] 

(taDsM kol4ap^, n. %fumng Ugttktr or in : a 
falling away ; a sudden and extrema dq;iresnon 
of the bodily energies.— v.i to (all together or 
inwards J to close or shrink ; to waste away : — 
>r.>. collapsing ; >>./. coHapsed*. [L. coUaPma 
'-col, together, and labor, laftut, to slitM or 

(Mlar, koFar, ». something worn round the nock; 
the part of a garment at the neck; a ring : a 
band.— ^./. to seixe by the collar ; to put on a 
collar >-/r^. colKaring ; >«./. coU'ared. [Sp. 
coUar; It. cdlart: from L. coUmm, the nedLj 

ooOarteas^ koHar-bOo, M. a bone of the M»l shaped 
like an S. b e tween the breast-bone and the 
^oukler-bttde, also called the davide. 
edUsIl konet, n. the collmr of a ring or the part 

which coBtams the stone. [IV.— L, <»»ww.I 

OoDaU, koUlflt', vJ, lit to brtmr or lay together for 

comparison ; to era mine and compare, as books, 

&c ; to place in or confer a benefice ; to place 

in order, as the sheets of a book for binding.— 

v,i. to place in a benefice ^-^>. coUltlng: 

/a./. coDlf ed. {V. coUaitu^v^^^ coM/cri^ 

coH^ together, and>Wv, to bring.] 

osOaMoa. kol-U'shnn, »., act^^laHtt£: a bringing 

together, for examinafion and comparison ; pre* 

sentation to a benefice ; a repast between meals. 

eellaftsr, koUTtor, m., omwkocollaUtv compares ; 

one who bestows or presents. 
OoDatataL kol-hf «isU. m4/^ tidt I9 dit; ranntng 
parallel or together; not direct; descaided from 
the same ancestor, but not directly, as the child- 
ren of brothers.— M. a collatecal relation.— «^9. 
eoDatrecallF. [L. «0^ and AbAw, AiiMr, a side.] 
(MlMffa«, koneg, n,, om chosen Ugoikar with am- 
other; a partner, associate, or coa4|utor. [Pr. 
<fii}gw» L. colUgtk-<ol, together, and Ugo, Gr. 
Ieg9^ to choose.] 
•eOMffas^ ^^"^^ *'•'• w ^'^ to job or unite with 
in tho same office >-fr.^. coOesguing (kol-lte'. 
in«) ; >^A coUeagSS (f oW^S?^ ^ ^ 
Odlsrt» kol-lckt', »./. to gather together: to a*. 
semble or bring together; to gather from pre- 
mises ; lo infer ; to compile.— «rZlo nm together ; 
to aocunmbte j-^.> collecting ; 4a J, col- 
lert'ed. [I^««^8^,o>fiW-/iw,fiom«<togethcr, 
an£ fe> 9^' ^^» *® B»ther, to choose.] 
•siNOTL kw^^ M. a short and commehensive prayer 
m the semoe of die R. CathoUc and Episcopal 
Churches, coUocted fnm the epistles and gospels. 
ssUsslK kol-lekt'ed, adj. , gathered togeth^; W 
ingones senses gathered together; cool; firm. 
-adv. sdtoM'sdly.-^ eoOMMum. 
tall^rtl^, kol.ldt'slmn, «., act 0/ collecting ; that 
which is collected ; an assrmblage; a neap or 
mass; abookofselectians. 
sdtoettTS, koHektlv, ad/, formed by gathering; 
gathered into one body, sum, or mass ; congie- 
<»»^. ^ -™. yprewing a number or multi- 


V kol-Iekt'or, m., one who coUecte or gathers. 

gated; in 

of men engaged in a common pursuit ; a semin- 
ary of learning established by authority ; a liter- 
ary, political, or religious instittttion ; die edifice 
appropriated to a college. [Fr. coUige, L. eol- 
leginm, fnmcol, and Ayv.]— oolk«la% VxAAi'jyan^ 
n, a member or inhabitant of a college. 
MUaglaH kol-l<jUt, a^. pertaining to or iwsea- 
\Aiafi a college; fontaining a college, as a town ; 
instituted like a coU^e. 

OsUsli See under OoUar. 

OrilMs, kol-lKf, v.i., to etrihe or doth together:— 
>rjA coind'mg; >«./. coIUd'ed. [L. colHda^ 
couieue—cel, together, Uedo, to strike.] 

eoQliloiL kol-Ush'un, n., a etrihing togeAer; state 
of beiQg struck together; conflict; oppomtioB. 

OBOkr, OoDtey. See under OoaL 

OoDoeaK koHO-kS^ v.t., to ^lace together: to 

place, set, or station:— ^>. cotlOcatmg ; >«./. 
coMOcSted. [L. coUoco, collocatut, from £«^ 
together, and loco, to place.] 

so llne s t lq^ koI-lO-ki'shun, n., act of ceUocating : 
<£spoation in place ; arrangement [L. collocatta,^ 

OoiMtan, kol-lO'dlHMi, «., a ghiey aokition of gun- 
cotton in alcohol and ether, used in surgery and 
photo^phy. {Gt. hoUsalt, from koUa, glue* 
and etdos, form, appearance.] 

OaOop, korup, «., a bpn^ or slice of meat [from 
clo4 or col^, the sound of a soft lump thrown <m 
a flat surface ; Dutch, hlt;^. It col^, a blow.] 

OtOfoaiy, koHoJcwe, «., a epeeJking together; mu- 
tual discourse; cmiversation. [L. colloquium, 
from coL together, and loquor, to ^Mak.] 

seOo^alal, kol-Iolcwi-al, a4f\ pertaining to or used 
in common conversation.— <hft^ eoO^faSaltf. 

eoBsqalalim^ kol-10lcwi-al4zm, m. a conoquial form 

Collide koMOd', v.i., to ^y together; to pbyinto 
each other's hand; to act in concert, eneoallr 
in a fraud ^-^^ coUOdlng; /«./. ooUOd'ed. 
[L. coUudo. collutut, from, col, and btdo, to play.] 

•sM m len, kol-lDfihun, «., act ^colluding; a secret 
agreement to defraud or deceive. [L. colluno.} 

•sDastva, koMa'riv, adi. fraudulendy concerted; 
deoeitfuL— A^. eoDadvaly.— «*. eelwslMaasi. 

OoionatlL kol'O-sbth, n. the dried and powdered 
pu4> of the colofumiida or bitter iwple, much 
used as a puigatnre. [Gr. holohynthu.} 

08lon,k0lon,«i. the maik(:) used to mark a dis- 
tinct MMMvArrordauseot a sentence. [Qr.k9lo9t^ 
a limb, member, allied to theloe, the kg.] 

Oalon, kOlon, «s. the A^iZMvreoeptade for the food ; 
the lower diririon of the interanal canal or large 
intestine. [Gr. hBlon, conn, with hoiloe, hoOow.] 

esUo^ kirflk, n. a disorder of the colon; acute pain 
in the stomach or bowels. 

Ookm^ kui^nd, n. fit the crown or c/l^captain of 
a regiment— M. oetoMl^, kiur^el-si, his office or 
rank. [Fr. ; Sp., old S. coronet; L. coronaHs, 
of the crown— <9fv«a, a crown.] 

Ilolflniiads. See under Oohmm. 

OoIodBy, koFon-i, m. lit an aiode or dwelling; a 
bod^ of persons who setde in another coun^, 
continuing subject to theparent state ; the coun- 
try inhabited ty such. [L. eoloni a c o lo nm, an 
inhafaituit— <ifl6, to alnde, to dwell.] 

oelflalal, ko4o'iu^ adf, pertaining to a cetony, 

seloBlss^ kol'on-Is, v.t, to inhabit; to plant or 

fiU^ flir; m«, b«r; niXtte.; mOte; mOto; mOOo; Men. 


. kom'et, n. Kl « ttar wUk/IowiMg kair; » 
member of the solar system, with a very eccen- 
tric orbit and a nucleus surrounded by a c^ff^ 
or hairy-lUce appearance, and a luminous taiL 
[Gr. komiHs. lonfl^>haired— Am«#, hair.] 

someUTy, kornVtar-i, adj. relating to a cotnti, 

Ooai% Ooaitve. See under OoafM*. 

OsnCort, kum'Aut. v.i., U strm^tAm; to relicTe 
firom pain or oistress; to cheer; to console >— 



'.>. com'fordi^; >a./.com'forted.— w.eeoil'focter. 
iFr. cM»/!rri^r— L. «m, andArr/ir, strong.] 

Mmfoct, kum'furt, »., «/fVNt^^; relief; encoiu-age- 
ment; ease; quiet enj[oyment; freedom from 
annoyance ; whatever gives ease, enjoyment, &c 

•omfortabto. kum'fur^a-bl, adj. imparting or eiuojf- 
ing comfort.— adv. eom'fortalriy. 

ownfnrtlMB, kumffurt-Ies, a4j., witkomt c^ti^fort. 

Omil0, OoBleaL See under Comedy. 

Oomlty, koml-d, n., courUous$u*s : civility. [L. 
comiiatt -ati * eo mit , courteous, akin to Sana. 
kam, to love*] 

Oommak kom'ma, m. lit f^fari cut off; in punctua- 
tion, the point (,) which maru the smallest 
diviuon of a sentence. [L. comma, Gr. komma, 
a section of a sentence, (rom ko/t9, to cut off.] 

1?TT"— '^. kom-mand', v.t. lit to put into oti/t 
kand; to give one a char^ over; to order; to 
summon ; to lead ; to exercise suinvme authoritv 
over ; to have within sight^ influence, or control. 
— ^.<. to have chief authority over ; to govern : — 
/r.>. commanding ; /a./, command'ed. — «. an 
order ; authority ; messa^^e ; the alnlitv to over- 
look or influence ; the thing commanded. [Fr. 
commaMder—la. com, and ma$tdo, to commit to 
moHut , the hand, and do, to give.] 

nnrnmsiMlsat kom-man-dant', n. an officer who has 
the ^MwiMaJu^of a place or of a body of troops. 

•onaaadw, kom-mand'te, n., ok* who commtmds ; 
an officer in the navy next in rank under a cap> 
tain.-H». eonflumd'ershlp. 

eoauuMsdIag; kom-mandlng, adj. fitted to impress 
or control— ^lu^. eoauumdlafly. 

oommsBdment> kom-mand'ment, n., a command; a 
precept ; one of the ten moral laws. 

kom-meih'ar«a-bl, tidj. same as 

. kom-memfO-rftt, v.t, to h**p in tht 
memory or ntind; to call to remembrance by a 
solemn act or observation ".-—Pr.p. oommem'firlt- 
ing ; pa.p. commem'Orftted. — n. eommemora'tlQau 
[L. commemoratus, paup. of amtmtmorare. to 
remember— CMW, intensive, and memor, mindtuL] 

oauaaaoralhra^ kom-mem'0-ift-tiv, adj. tending or 
serving to commomonUo. 

^manoe, kom-mensi', v.i.f to begin ; to originate ; 
to take rise.— <>./. to benn ; to originate ; to enter 
Mwa:—^.^. commencing; j^.>. commenced'. 
(Fr. comme9teer. It comtnciart, L. com, and 
iaitiare, to begin — in, into, and eo, to ga] 

nmanaawamant, kom-mens'mcnt^ n. the beginning ; 
the thing begun. 

iMwiiBil, kom-mend', v.t, to command vfut into 
tkekandsof; to give into the charge of ; to recom- 
mend as worthy ; to praise 'i—Pr.p. commending ; 
Pa.p. commenaed. [from root of Ooauuad.] 

B««en<la!>ia, kom-mend'apbl, adj. worthy of being 
eomtnended or praised. — adv. eemmaadl^My. — m* 

eemmandattoa, kom-men-di'shun, «., tkeactofcoti^ 

mending; praise; declaration of esteem. 
eommeiKtatcay, kom-mend'a-to-ri, 4tdJ. ^commendi$tgl 


AT^taining praise or commendation; p mrnfTn c 
*^ favourable notice or receptioo. 

^'^"^^iasiraUa, kom-men'sQ-ra-bl, a4i., kavitt^ m 
^^tnmon measure, applied to numbers capanle 
Of being measured or divided by the sanae 
number without a remainder, as 8 and 24 by 4. 
[L. com, with, and metuura, a measure — metiar, 
meneut, to measure.]— a/v. eeMiea^sMraWy. 

kom-men'sQ-riU, adj., 0/ the tamo 
meiuure witkf equal in measure or extent ; in 
proportion with. — €ulv. tommrn'muaMj. — «r. 

OommeBt, kom'ment, n. a note conveying an illus- 
tration or explanation ; a remarl^ OMervation, 
critidsm. — v.t. (or kom-mentO to make critical or 
explanatory notes. — nt. eomlaaatalar, eon'maater. 
[L. commentum, a thought, reflection — com- 
miniscor, cornmetUue, to reflect upon— <vi«r, and 
ment, the mind.] 

oenmaataiy, kom'ment-a-ri, n., a comment, or a 
book or body of comments. 

Oommane, kom'm&rs, n. interchange of merckand- 
uir on a large scale between nations or individuals ; 
extended trade or traffic; intercourse; fellow^ 
ship. [Fr. commerce^ L. comtttercium-^comf 
wiUi, and merx, merttt, goods, merchandise.] 

aBBBiaarBfal, kom-mii'shal, adj., pertaining to com* 
merce; mercantile.— 0<fv. eommar^dally. 

Ooounlnattea, kom-mi-n&'shun, n., a threat; a 
divine threat of punishment ; a recital of God's 
threatenings made on Ash-Wednesday in the 
English dnurch. [L. comminatio—com, inten- 
sive, and minor, to threaten.] 

oamaihiatery, kom^nin'a-tor-i, adj., tkr e at tn i n g or 
denouncing punishment 

Oaai a atn g l a^ kom-ming'gl, v.t., to mingle or mix 
with i—^.p. commingling ; >a./. commingled. 
[L. com, together, analUiicla.] 

naainilBita, kom'min-Qt v.t. to reduce to minute 
^rticlet or to powder :—/r./. com'minflting ; 
/a^p. com'min&ted. — n. wwrnnhw^tlea. [L. com' 
mtnuo, -utum, to break into pieces— «9i», and 
mintio, from minut, less.] 

Onaimf aa ra ta, kom-miz'te-At, v.t., to /eel /or tho 
ndteriet qf another ; to pity i—^.p. commis'erit- 
in^: Pa.p. commis'eriUed. {C com, with, and 
mueror, to dej^ore, from miter, wretched.] 

aaaimfaarattiwi, kom-miz-^r-t'shun, m. coooem Cor 
the sufferings of others ; pity. 

OiiMmlaaaiy, &c., Ooaadadea, &c. See under. 

Oommll, kom-mit', v.t lit to tend one witA somo- 
thing; to intrust; to consign; to do; to endangers 
to pudge :— ^^/. commitnng ; /a./, committed. 
[L. committo — com. with, and mitto, to send] 

easmrttmit. kom-mit'ment, M.,«c/^«M«MiMM/'; 
an (mler for sending to inison ; imprisonment 

onrnmlftal, kom-mit'tal, m. commitment ; a pledge 
actual or implied. 

eemmtttea^ kom-mit'te, n, one or more persons to 
whom any matter or business is committed. 

4onaidaaaiy, Icomls-sar-i, n. one to whom any charge 
is committed; an officer who has the charge of 
furnishing provisions, &c. to an army. [Fr. com- 
mitsaire, from L. committo, commist$u.}—n. 

enmmlaaarlal, kom-mis4l'ri-al, a4/- pertaining to a 

0<iBimlaBaHat> kom^nis-afl'ri-at, m. the office and 
duties of a committary in the army ; the body of 
officers in the commissary's departtnent 

fStte, fSr ; mC, hte ; mTne ; mOte ; mOte ; nOOi»; tJkau 

sdeboud: abeu-dns foni 


thil wldcli iflbidi il 

Ki-kt-dT, »4f., intliiuJ II 

mOnT-lmiirJ, a^T^^^j 

— ,-^„; feLlowihip ; comnHm DO 

iJtKi ; iotcAhaiiie of tmuuliou : miini in 
gious tenia ; u* body ofpeople who » u 


m ship; lUte of bdng m comMnion; fellowship; 
society.— <y.i to lu oca tt with. [Vt»<9m/ain»i.] 

OnspM komrpli', vJ. lit Ustf Ugwtktr, upair or 
maUA; to sot things togtthtr. to ttcertain how 
far they agree or dtsagreo ; to likeo or represent 
as similar ; inirutm,, to inflect an a4)ectiTe.— ^.^ 
to be like or equal; to hokl co^lpanson^-^>. 
compSx'mg; /«^ oompOred'.— «. eosapwlsoD. 
[L. e^m^fp, to match, from c^m, together, and 
/0rv, toput.] 

eoipersbls^ kompaiHt-bl, adf., Ukai mmf b§ com" 
partdi worthy of ooupansoa; being of equal 
regard— «</cr. com'paraMy. 

oomperaMv, kom-par a-tir, ad(, estimated \rf ctm- 
faring with something else; not positire or 
absolute ; {xxgram,, ezpresrfng more<--«^v. oeas- 

oonpaHsM, kom<f>axl-sun, #»., ih» met §/ comparing; 
companttive estimate ; a dmile, or figure by 
which two things are conqiarod ; in gram,, the 
inflection of an adyective. 

Oo^H».tB>al» kom-pirfment n. a separate part 
or divisi<m of any enclosed space; a subdiTision 
of a carriage, [low L. c^mpofiimentum — L. 
compartitTf to dirlde with— <vm, with, and/cr* 
tior, to divide— yysfY, a part] 

Ctampaai, kum'pas, m. lit. awaiting round, so dutt 
the starting point and the ending point come 
tegtiktr; a circuit; space; limit; range; an 
instrument conristing of a magnetised needle, 
used to steer ships oy, &c— ^ eoa'passis, an 
instrument '^ronsisnng of two morable legs, for 
describing drdesi ftc. [FV. rpiM>u; low II^imw- 
/amwr— L. c^m, together, and^oimf, a step.] 

■nmjssa Iram'pas, vJ», toPfUt or g9 rotmd ; to suzw 
round or enclose; to besiege ; to bring about or 
obtain ; to ooBtrlTo or ptot v-^^, cowf ptLUixig ; 
/«/. com'possed. 

On s Bp a artMi , kom-pash'na, «. Ht « n^ering tuitk 
another ; sympathy ; fellowwfeeUng ; pitv. [Fr.— 
L. eom paui Q com, with, 9sApMor,pauut, to 

wwap aiS leBst s^ kom-pash'un4lt, adj., dUpned to 
tomp€uticm; sympathising; bcaned to pity or 
to haTo merc7 upon.— v./. to haTo compattion 
for ; to haTO fnty or mercy upon i—pr.p» compas'- 
sioniting ;/«.>. oomias'sionlted.— «av. oompai^- 

OoapatlMe, ko^H»t^-bl, adj., thai can bear with; 
that suits or agrees with : suitable.— <a/v. com- 
patlbiy. [Fr.— L. com. with, patior, to bear.] 

Oflmpa ttM H t y, kom-pat-i-bill-ti, m., tht hobig com- 
paiHto; suitability; consistency. 

Oompa«rtol^ kom-pt'tri-ot, a4f't of iko ttmtu father- 
tand or country.—^, one of the same country, 
and haling like interests and feelings. [L. com, 
with, andtatrlol.] 

OsBpsir, kom-pCi', n., one who it equal to another ; 
a companion ; an associate. [U compar—com, 
with, and Peer, bom par, equal] 

Pello, puleum, to driye.] 
•onpolsloB, kom^'shun, n., the act qfcompeUing; 

force; necessity; violence, 
sompalslvs, kom-puTstr, eoflipalsory, kom-pul'sor-i, 

adj., having power to compel; fotdng.—advs, 

eostpal'dvely, conpuf seiily. 

Otmfmibm, kom-pen'di-um, m, lit. a weighing 
together or tt o r u i g — h eaoo, a saving ; a Morten- 


^; an abridgment [!«. com, together, and 
"foot of >«w/^, to wci^h.] 
^*Kp«idiMu, kom-pcn'di-us, a<{f. short; ccmqirthen- 
•ive.— Wv. eesspea'diosdy. 

OBBpensaK kom-pcn'stt, or kom'pen-oBt, v./. lit fa 
gipe weight,^ weight: to ^ve equal value far : 
to rewara suitably for senrioe renidered t pr .jp, 
compen'slting; A*./, compcn'sftted. {L. ^tee, 
intensive, and>MM9, to weigh.] 

enmptiisstfoa, kom-pen-sft'shun, n., act ^ compete 
eating I reward for service;^ remuneration. 

eompeamtory, kom-pen'sa-tor-i, €i4J*» eerving Jor 
compentation; making amends. 

Ooaf«H kom-pet', v.i., to eedk or etrive ajttr tks 
same thing a* another; to contend for a prise : — 
pr.p, competing; pa.p. comptt'ed. [L. compeim 
— co9n, together, wadpeto, to seek.] 

cfloipellttoa, Icom-p^tislrun, M., the act of compete 
ing; common strife for the same object 

seap«tttty% kom^pecl-tiv, adj^ pertaining to or 
producink competition^ 

sompsMfsr, kom-petl-tor, n., one who competes; a 
rnral or opponent 

OosBpstsad, kom'p6-tent, adj., suitable; sufficient ; 
fit ; belongiog. [L. compete, to strive after to- 
gether, to agr e e co m, with, and Pete, to seek.] 
—adv, eoai'petentty. 

ooBveteaes^ kom'pS-tens, «. fitness; sufficiency; 
Iqpd power or capacity. 

OonpOa^ konKplF, v.t lit to scrape together va order 
to carry off; to f<mn a body of Mltctions from 
the works of one or more authors ; to reairango 
statements of fact opinion, &c. ; to compose ^— 
/r/. compinng ; Pa.p. compiled'.— «k eoovil'sr. 
[L. compil e c om . together, iadpilo, to plunder.] 

coa p lls M ea, kom^4i'shun, n.^ the met ofcompUing, 
or the thing compiled ; a literary work consist- 
ing of parts selected from various authors. 

Oomplaessil, kom-plft'sent^ adj., pleasing; pleased ; 

gratified; civiL— <Aftr. eempla'csally. [L. com^ 

ptaeens—com. Intensive, exApla^o, to please.] 
oomplaesBSe, com-pl&'sens, eeaplasiaey. oom-pll'- 

sovsi, n. pleasure ; satisfaction ; dviuty. 
oomflalssat, ko^)UUzant or •cant', eidj, same as 

OosipUoeBt [fV. — cotnpiaire, L. complaceo.} 
somplsitaans, kom'pll-zans, or -cans', ik. same aS 

eoaplacsaea. [Fr.] 

Oemplala, kom-pl&n', v.i, orig. to beat the head or 
breast as a stgn ofgri^; to express grief, pain, 
censure; to murmur or express a sense of injury: 
to accuse :— :^./.complainlng :/0>.complamea. 
[Fr. compimndre, low I*, complangere—com, in- 
tensive, and/Ax»rv, Or^pUssO, to strike.] 

eoBplaiaant kom>(£Ln'ant n.,^ one who cot^plains; 
in law, one who urges a suit 

eeisplslnt, kom-^lAnf, «., a complainittf; an ex- 
presnon of gnef ; a representation of pains or 
mjuries ; a finding fiuilt ; the tiling complained of. 

Oomplalsaacs^ OomflalsaBt Seo under OoaiplMcat 

OratpIcBfat See under Oemplsle. 

OoBplsts, kora-pl£t^, v.t., to fill 9^, finish, or perfect ; 
to accomplish:--:/^./, completing ; /«.>. com- 
plet'ed. \L.compleo,comp{etum,Xoii!lXyxp—cem, 
utensivo, eatdpho, to filL] 

son^lsH kom^Mt', adj., filled m^; free from defi- 
ciency; perfect ; finished. — adv. • 


eom^etlon, kom-ple'shun, m., the act or stttts of 

being complete ; fulfilment 
cwaiplOTnal» kom'ple-ment, n,,thatwhichcompletet; 

a saving ; a Morten- cwnplennal^ kom'ple-ment, 
*ix; me, hte; mine; mOte; mOte; mBOa; thmu 

Pi I HI I. kom'plcki, aJU. Ut omftitaM; com- 
pwd (tf man Ihu ane. or tit majvj pajti ; nol 
Bmple ; inEikklc : difScull.— ai'e. i^ilu^. [L. 
tamp lg x Be rn , tagc^er, and filf£, root aS/iVB, 
tariU.] S« OwvHula. 

«BB^BlD^ kov-pLck'thim, ■-, ^ f^/« afAtlK£ 
mmf i tx ; texiujt; tempoameat ; hue of the 

n^lek'Bhun^l, a^J, depetidliif oa 

ftr, lufth-pkk'n-ti, ■. itvta of bong . 
CemtUMMm, OaapUut, At See under Ooaiilr. 

UgttJifr; lo imdcr complex; la enlutgle: — 
fir.^. eom^ddiiA ; /it. A com'plkflted. [L. f^M, 
lOKcther, ud tlut, ttkatum, to fold.] See 

Demptt^ver, kofa'pU-luM, «. lUte tX bdns ctmfl^ 


Eunl irimbT HymtDt of paK 
n Tor the irhote. 



Ing ; A>>. compQt'ed. [L. wmfmU, from «9«f t 

togeUier, txAfuto. to reckon.] 
compatobli^ kom-pQt a-bl, adj.t that may be ectft^ 

compvtatloa, kom-pO-tifsbtm, »., act oj[c0mfutingi 

the sum or quantity computed ; estimate. 

Oomradt, kom'rftd, m. lit. tf ckamber^-maie ; a com- 
panion. [Fr. camarades It. camtrata — L. 
camrra, a chamber.] 

thu, kott, a contraction of L. cpftira, against, as 
in pro aad esa, for and against. 

Ooa, kon, v,t lit U htn or know; to inquire into ; 
to commit to memory:—:^./, conning; >«./. 
conned'. [A.S. atmum, to Know, eummoM, to 
inquire into ; Goth. ktttmmH, to know.] 

Oonoattoale, kon-kat'C-nlt, v./., U chain or Unk 

together; to connect in a chain or series:-^./. 

concat'&iating ; >«.>. concat'Oiftted. [L. cett, 

together, and catena, a chain.] 
spncstfstleB, kon-kat-C-n&'shun, m. a series of 

links united ; a series of things depending on 

each other. 
OowaTt, konlcST, adj., completely hoUowi airved, 

vaulted, or arched. — «. a hollow ; an arch or 

yault. [L. concatmt, from con, intensive, and 

cavutf hoUow.] See Ovn. 
tmmwttf, kon-kaVi-ti, n. the inner suHace of a 

concave or hollow body. 

C e na ss l , kon-sCK, v./., to hide completely or care- 

fully I to keep secret ; to disguise : to keep from 

tellmg :— :/r,y. concc^dlng; >a.>. concealed'. 

[L. concelo, fit>m con^ sig. completeness, and 

ceh, to hide : akin to A.S. helan, to hide.] 

eon<i— lsl>K kon-s€lVbl, adj., that may 6e con- 

SBiMnslasnt, kon-s2l'men^ «s., act ^ coneealmg; 
secrecy; disguise; hidmg-place. 

Ooaeedt^ kon-s€d', v./., togoawavjrom; to cede or 
give up; to quit; to surrenoer; to admit, to 
grant. — v.L to admit or grant :--^.>. conoEd'- 
ing ; >a.>. c<mcSd'ed. [L. concedo, from con, sig. 
completeness, and cedo, to go, to yield.] 

soB B SM l a a , konHKsh'un, «., oc/ ^conceding; the 
thing conceded ; a grant 

eoMMdve, kon-seslv, eidj. implying concession, 

eo u os s w i y , kon-sei'or-i, adj., conceaing; yielding. 

OoaetU^ &c See under OonealTe. 

OoMstva, kon-sCv', v.L lit ta take or lay hold of on 
all sides ;^ to receive into, and form in the womb; 
to form in the mind ; to imagine or think^ to 
understand.— c.t. to become pre^jnant ; to thmk : 
— /r./. conceiving ; /a./, conceived'. [L. cott- 
cipio, from concapio, to take.] 

ooneetvable, kon-sCVa-bl, adj., thai may he con- 
ceived, understood, or beheved. — adv* coneetV- 
ably. — n. eoneelv'abteaMs. 

eonoepi, kon'sept, n. a thing conceived, a notion. 

eoocepttoa, kon-sep'shun, n., the act of conceiving ; 
state of being conceived ; the thing conceived ; 
a notion. 

coaeelt^ kon-sCt', n.. a conception, or thing concaved 
in the mind ; ioea ; imagination ; pleasant, fan- 
tastical, or affected notion ; opinion ; favourable 
opinion of sdfl [Port conceito, Sp. concepto, L. 
conceptns, pa.p. ofconcipio.] 

•oaeslUd, kon-sCt'ed. adj., having conceit ; having 
a high opinion of one's self; egotistical. — adv. 

kon-sent'te, v.i. to tend to or meet in a 
common centre. — v.t. to bring or direct to a com' 


^^ centre or point i—fr.p. concentering ; /«./. 

r^cent'red or concent'ered. f Fr. concentrer*-* 

^ con, with, and centrum, the centre.] Seo 

wnnmtiaU, kon«sen'trit, v.t to bring or force to m 

common centre; to bring into a closer union, or 

a narrower compass; to condense:—^./, ooop 

cen'trtting ; Pa.p, concen'trtted. 
cotto eafa aUen, kon-sen-trt'shun, n,, act ^ concen* 

treating; state of being concentrated ; condeo- 

•OBotBtrattva, koo-aen'tra-tiy, adj., tending to eot^ 

eoaesatrle, kon-ien'trik, eoaentrieal, kon^en'tTik-fliU 

adj., having a common centre » 

OeBOtptloa. See under Oenestvt. 

Oenosra, kon^stoiV v./. lit to looh to, to regard: to 
belong to; to anect or interest ; to make uneasy : 
^Pf-P' coocem'\Dg*^M.p. concerned'. — n. thtat 
which concerns or belongs to one; interest; 
regard ; anxiety ; a business or those connected 
with it [L. concemo, frt>m eon, together, and 
cemo, to sifr, to see.] 

•oae eiB sd, kon-stoid', adj. having connection with ; 
interested ; anxious.—Wv. •oaeam'sd]^. — n 

kon<«im%g,/nr>. r^arding; pertain* 
ing to. [>r./. of Ooaesni.] 

OoMsrt^ kon-sirt', v.t. lit. to strive or vie with 
others for some purpoee; to frame by mutnal 
consultation; to arrange, adiust :— /r.>, con- 
certing; Pa.p. concerned. [Fr. coneerter—coMt 
together, certare, to contend, vie with.] 

eoBe«i% Icon's^ n, union or agreement in any 
plan or undotaldng; harmony; musical har- 
mony; a musical entertainment^ [Fr.] 

eonoer tln a, kon-eir-tC'na, n. a mudcad instrument, 
on the principle of the accordion. 

eonetrto, kon-sir'tO, n, a {nece of muse for a 
concert. [It] 

Ooace ssi oa, &c See under Oooetdt. 

OoB^ kongk, n. a marine shell. \X- concha, Or» 

hongchi. Sans, canhha, a shelL] 
eoaddf<ro«% kong-kifd'-us, adj., having a Uvalro 

shell. [L. concha, sxA/ero. to bear.] 
eoBcthelds^ kong-koid'al, adj. na^^ig elevations or 

depressions luce the valve of a bivalve shell. [Gr. 

hongchi, and eidos. form.] 
eon cb oi k gy, kong-kcM'o-ji, m. lit a discourse an 

shells; the saence of shells. [Gr. hongchi, and 

loros, a discourse.] 
<on cho kgls t » kong-kol'o-jist, n. one versed in con^ 

OoadUate, kon-nH-It, v.t lit to call or bring tO" 

gether; to unite in thought or feeling ; to make 

friendly ; to gain, win. or reconcile x—pr.f. con- 

ciieiAting ; Pa.p. condl'iSted. [L. concUso, con^ 

ciliaius-~con, toother, calo, to call.] 
•OBdUatlon, kon-sil*i-A'shun, n., act of conciliating. 
(wrtltatBT, kon-siH-A-tor, «s., one nmo concilieUes; 

a peacemaker. 
eoBoUalecy, kon-ril^a-tor-i, adj., tending to con^ 

ciliate; winning; pacific. 

Ooadss, koD^Ts^, adj. lit cut into pieces; cut down ; 

brief; saying much in few wonu. — adv. ooaeWly. 

— n. eendssBMB. [L. concido, concisus, from 

con, aig. completeness, and caedo, to cut.] 
eca d do a , koo-suh'un, n,, a cutting down or ^; a 

division ; a faction. 
OoBdavt, konldav, n. lit a room kept loched 

up with a hey; the room in which cardinals 

Ate, fiUr; me,hir; mine; mOte; mOte; mOOo; tkuu 

BBtttodect ■ pope; Ob "hair et ait 
privjttc fputiBcnl » nor dfud UKobl' 
man^fv; fraa m, tD[eULer» And c/apu, 

[Til iiiiii.i iirmr, I r n r i f r i n 

Id dcaa ; to end : to decide ; to uubt or 

<« (wt « bcul iBftlirr; 

E for unlawfuTpleasurt ; 

dve, fv^, to dd^.J 

I ut loECihci i la acm or 
:— 3*p'>. coQcurriDg ; /«^ 
nffT^ from cav^ to^thcTi 

i Un-lnir'coij jfL, «-/ Of ItAit ^amairr^ 

aumiimJit toit-ko/ont, arfr", or — — ^ — 

■clingy or *^*t''**^ U^tEcr; il. 

•mamtm. kooeVa™, -. iu an 
nuHUMg or dnmi itt/rHfr, 

BEibly oTpi 


maitlMil, kon-diih'tiiML a4J, haTloff a eortein 
cfftuUtiam, ttAte, or quality. 

Ooaiola, koo-dOl'; v,i., U gruv or XxxsaaXfor the 
misfortune of another; to tympathiie \—tr,p, 
condoling ; >«^ condoled'. JL. «Mf , witl^ and 

•oodoIativyrkoii-doVartar-l, adj,^ tx^tttrngCMtd^l- 

luailiiltMMit. kott^I'ment, eondoltaod. kon-doKens, 
n., act ^condoWt£l grief for another's sorrow. 

OoB4oae, kon-dOn'»v./., Ujbrgive, esp. a violation 
of the marriage-vow >-fr.p. condOn'ing; pa,p, 
condoned'. (L. con^ doma, to give. See DoBatloa.1 

Mndoaatloa, kon-don-&'shun, n,Jbrrio€ntt9^ esp. oi 
a violation of the marriage-vow. yL, ctndonmHa.^ 

emiM, kon'dor, ft. the largest flyins Urd^ a species 
of vulture found among the Anoes of S. Ame- 
rica. [Sp. AMufS^n ffom Peruvian, ctmtttr,] 

OoadtMS^ kon-dOs', v./. flit and orig. vJ., U «m- 
Jucf or Itad), to lead or tend to some end ; to 
contribute:— ^^. condfldng ; >«.>. condflced'. 
\X" C0H, togeuer. and dttca, atichu, to lead.] 

••Bdaelbls^ kon«dQs1-bl, eondaotve, kon-dOslv, ad/., 
igadimg or tending ; having power to promote. — 
mdvM. eandaslbiy, •sadas'tvelj.- 

•endiflt^ kon-didct't vJ., !» Zmk/ot fuide ; to diract ; 

to manage; to behave ; in-cltctncHy, to carry or 

tnuasmit >-yr>. conducting ; /«/. conduct^ed. 
MBdVfll^ kon'ouikt, h., act or method «^ Itmdmg or 

mansiging : guidance ; management : behaviour. 
MBdnettbl^ kon-dttkti-bl, mdj,, c^PabU 0f hemg 

eoftdtieUdat transmitted.— #(. etadaetMrity. 
eoadaettoB, kon-duk'shun, h., met or property ^ 

ecndfieHHg or transmitting; transmission ^ay a 

condu^or, as heat. 
MBdarttvt^ kon-duktlv, adj.. Moving tkt fuaU^ or 

power ^c»ndmtiM£ or transmitting. 
MBdneter, koo-dukt'or, m. the perscm or thing HuU 

conducts; a leader; a commander; a manager; 

that whidi has the property of transmitting eleo* 

tridty. hca^ Btc—jcm, eoadaetrnss. 
eoodatti kon'dit, or kun', n., that which ^aducts; 

a channel or nipe to lead or convey water, &c 

[Fr. comdmt, old Fr. candmd, Sp. coadttcto.} 

Done, kOn, n, lit. that which €0mst /# a ^oimi or 
tapers; a solid pobted figure with a circular 
base, as a sugar-loaf; fruit shaped like a cone, 
as that of the pine, fir, ftc. [Fr. caiu; L. comu; 
Gr. AAvm— Sans, f#, to bring to a pomt^ 

eonlt^ konHc, eonlsal, konlk-iu, adj. havmg the 
form of or pertaining to a conc.^adv. toatmJJj. 

eoBics, kon'iks, m. the part of geometry which treats 
of Uie cone and its sections or divisions. 

eeniftroas^ kon-if 'ir-us, ad/., epme-htaring, as the 
fir, ftc. [Ooae, and \j,/cr9^ to carry.] 

eooold, kOnxHd, n. anything Uke a cone inform. — 
adjt. eeatld, eonoid'al. [Or. hdnos, tidcx, form.] 

Oonty. See Oray. 

OenfiUmlato, kon-&Va-Ilt, vd., to talk familiarly 
together; to chat:-/r./. confab'Olfiting : >»./. 
confal/aUted. [L. con, together, ViAjaMdor, 
fahuUUus, to XaXic—faimla, the thing spoken 
about-3/bn, akin to Gr. phad, and Jkhni^ to 
•peak.]--«(. oontelrala'tlon. 

OsbCmI, koo-fekt', v.i, Ut. to make $t/ Af^tether; to 

make into sweetmeats \—^.f» confecring ; >a.>. 

coofect'ed. [L.«M(;£»9,£iMr/»r/«f--«M, together, 

facto, to make.] 
eeofMfe» kon-fckt', eoBfMttfln, kon-fek'shun, n., mm#. 

thing made or preserved; firuit, ftc., prepared 

with suffar ! a aweetmeat ; a conmt 

enilNlloner, kon-fek'shun-^r, in B., esai i s sff ltoaaiy, 

n. one vriio makes or sells cotjfectioHS, 
osBfiietkBsty, kon-fde'shun-te-i, n. sweetmeats in 

genoal; a place for making or selling sweet- 
t meats. 
seoiflt. kum'fit, eomflture, kum'fit-Or, n., a confect; 

a dnr sweetmeat. [Fr. c»i^t, confiture— l^ 


Ooofsdarate, kon-fed'6ivIt, ad/„ leagued together; 
alli^.— «k oneusitedinales^pie;anally;anao- 
complioe ■»«.&, and v.t. to league together or join 
in a league ; to aJ}j—^.A ooofed'eriting ; jfo^. 
coofed'erited. [L. ^t^euUreitue. |>a.p. of cam^ 
fcedero—coH, tciipldaia,fmdu»,fmderie, a league.1 

eoBfedaraey, kon-ted'£r-a-si, n. a league or mutual 
engagement; an alliance; persona or state* 
nnited by a league. 

eoBfMmtfan, kon-fed-^r^'shnn, m., act ^cenfitUr- 
ating; a league ; alliance, espeaally of princes, 
ftatfls, ftc. 

Ooafisr, kon-f(b[', v.i, Ht to himg together for com- 
parison; to give or bestow.— ^.(L to talk or con- 
sult together ; to advise with >~^.p. conferring ; 
>«./. confenred'. [L. confere—con, together, and 
fere, tobriiMr.] 

enMrsMs^koxntbr^ns, «•., met ^conferring; fbnnal 
discourse ; an afipomted meeting for instruction, 
consultation, disnisrion, &c IFV. conference, 
low L. confertniiaJl 

OatfMi^ kon-fe/, v.t., to meknowlodge fulfy, espe- 
cially something wrong; to own (»- admit; tom^e 
known, as sins to a pnest ; to hau' a confessioo, 
as a pne^— r.^ to make coB&sdon ^— >r/. coo- 

fesdng ; /<M. confessed^ or confest'.— «rv. 
iwi'iiiy. [Fr. eonftsser—lj, confiteor, eot^euuM 
^<on, dg. coiu>leteness, nnd Jateor-^fari, to 
speak, aJoa to Cr./ha9, aad/himi, to ^>eak.] 

eoafissloa, kon-fesh'un, n,, act ^sf confesstiu^; ac- 
knowledgment of a crime or fiwlt ; avowal; pro- 
lession ; acknowledgment of sin to a priest 

ooalMrioaal, kon-fesh'un-al, n. the seat or box where 
a priest hears con/ittione, 

nafiwir, kon-fes'or, or koa', «.| one who confkeset ; 
one who wdtum the Christian faith ; in the R. 
Catholic Qiurch, a priest who hears confessions 
and grants absdution. 

OoBflds, kon-^d'. v.i,, to truet wholly or hakvtfutk 
in ; to rely or depoid ; to believe.— «»./. to intrust, 
or commit to the charge of :— >r>.^ confiding ; 
/a./, confld'ed. [Ih confide-— con, sig. complete- 
ness, utAfido, to trustf 

ewiflflsnt, kon'fi-dant, or koo-fi-dant', n., one coi^ 
fided in or intrusted with secrets; a bosom- 
friend.-^SrOT. eoa'fldaate. [old Fr. ; Fr. confident.} 

•enfldeat^ kon'fi-dent a^.. confiding: trusting 
firmly; having full behet; positive; bold; im- 
pudent— o^tr. oon'fldentty. 

cenArtenre, kon'fi-dens, n. firm trust or belief; self- 
reliance; firmness; boldness. 

ewifldiratlal, kon-fi-den'shal, a4f; in confidence: 
admitted to confidence ; private.— a/v. cooAdsa - 

OoBflgoratloa, kon-fig-a-rt'shun, n. external yf^ww 
or shape; relative position or aspect, as of 
planets. [L. con/lguratio—con, together, and 
Jigure, to form. See ftgirs.] 

Oonflna, kon'f b, m., that which has the same end 
with another ; border, boundanr, or limit [L. 
conffuum, inm con, with, Kaafinio, to end— 
finis, th e end.] 

eenfiat^ kon-ftn', v.t. to pot within confines ot 

tta, Or; mB, hbt; mine; mOte ; mQte; mOOni Mao, 

I, together, uid^ 
bto diuids ; to pBplu .—fr^. coonii'iiig ; 


OooflMMnlt, kon-glom'te-St, «ulj. gathered ittU a 
glob* or ball; composed of jrlands, united into 
one.— r./. to gmther into a ball v—pr.p, conglom'- 
ertting ; /«.>• conglom'crated. — n. a rock com- 
posed of pebbles cemented together. [L. con>- 
gUmuratiu^ pa. p. of congh m*r » trow, together, 
and glomus , glonuris, = globtu^ a balL] 

eonckMMrattoa, kon-glom-^r-2'shun, »., act of coi^ 
glomeratingi sute of being conglomerated. 

CoMgtaMaata, kon-glOD'ti-nIt» v./., to glv* together; 
to heal by uniting.— v. i. to unite or grow to- 
gether:— >r^. conglQ'tin&ting ; pa.p. conglQ'- 
tm&ted. [L. congmtinot comglutiMotut—om^ 
together, and gluten^ glue.] S^ Sat. 

eoagtatiaaat. kon^glOO'ti-nant, a4j*t t^rving toghte 
or unite ; healing. 

MBghrttaatlM, kon-glOD^-nft'shun, n., act ofcon^ 
glutiMAtingi a joming by means of some sticky 
substance; heaung. 

MagtattaatlTt, kon-gl0O'ti-iiI-tiT, etdj.Jutving footer 
to coHglutinate. 

Oeogratalatt^ kon-grat^O-Ut, v.t, to wish Joy to 
warmly on any fortunate erent:— ^^. con- 
grat'Ql&ting; >«.>. congrat'Oiated. [L. congrm- 
tulor^ coMgratMMius—coit, intensive, and gra- 
tulor—gratus, pleanng.] 

eeagratalatloa, kon-grat-O-Ift'shun, m., act tff con>- 
grattUatimg; exnressioa of sympathy or joy on 
account of good-tortune. 

MBirafealatoxy, kon-graffl-la-tor-i, adj., existing 

%, kmig'gri-git, v.i.t to gather together. 

as afloch; to assemble. — v,%. to flock together v 
pr.p. con'gregftting : >«.>. con'grl^ftted. [L. 
conprtgo—con, together, and grex, gregis, a 

•oafregattsa, kong-gr€-gi'shun. «i., act of congrt- 
gating; what u congregated ; an assembly. 

WjTftlwI. koag-gr€-gt'shun-al, adj.^ pertam- 
ing to a coHgregattoH or to Congre«itionalism. 

Oofrsftlwiallfin, k<Hig-gre-gft'shun-al-izm, n. a 
form of church-goremment, in which all author^ 
tty is invested in each coMgregaiion, 

Ooocregatloaallsl, kcmg-^'S-gft^hniiHd-ist, «•. an 
adherent of Coagregationaiistm, 

OoBgrso, kong'pres, «., a meeting together or as- 
sembly, as of ambassadcNiv, ftc for political pur- 
poses; the federal legislature of the Umted 
States. [L. com, together, ejA gradior, grtssus, 
to step, to go.] 

eeacrwstve, koo-greilT, adj,, meeting; encounter- 

OoognMBl^ koog'grOO-ent, adj., agreeing; suitable. 
[L. coHgrtto, to run or meet together, to agree.] 

uamiMBW^ kong'grClV-ens, eoagrvanay, kong-grGO'- 
en-si, «., agreement; suitableness. 

•oagrai^, kong-grOOl-ti, n. relatioo or agreement 
between things ; consistency. , 

ooBgmeiis, kong^grOD-us, €uij. suitable : fit ; consist- 
ent.— a</v. coag'nMasly.— «. eoag^nw nsn sss. 

Ooole, Ooalftroas. See under Oomu 

OoiU«etar«, kon-jekt'Or, n., a casting or throwing 
together of probabilities; an opinion without 
proof: a guess ; an idea. — tulj. 9eiaitii^wnA. — adv. 
tomiMt'wnB^. [h* conjicio, conjectttm, to throw 
together— «Mp tcgether, »adJacio, to throw.] 

coQjMtare^ kon^ekrOr, v.t. to make conjectures re- 
garding : to infer on slight evidence ; to guess.— 
v.u to make conjectures l—^-/' co^ject'Oring ; 
/M.>. coqject'Qred. 

(taOola, kon-join', v.t,, to Join together:— ^.f. 


conloinlng; /<!.>. conjoined'. [L. eon, together, 
zxAJungOtjunctMS. to join.] See Jola. 

oo^JolBt, kon-joint', adj., con/oined; joined together ; 
united.— «^. oo^JolBtly. 

coQjvBcttao, kon-junk'shun, «., the^ act ofjoudm^ 
together; association, connection, umon; m 
gram., a word that connecu sentences, dausci, 
and words. (L. conjwtctio—con, %xiA. Ju$tgo.\ 

ooalvBettva,kon-jiink'uv,a4^'. doselyunited : serving 
to unite ; in gram., introduced t^a conjunction. 
—adv. tttnSi<sadtX'nif. 

•eajaaefear^ kon-junk'tar, «., the act ef Joinings 
the state of being joined : oombination of cir- 
cumstances ; important occaaon ; crisis. 

Oo^Jagal, kon'jGO-gal, adj., pertaining to themar^ 
riage-tie or to marriage ; suitable to the marriaso 
st»\it.—adv. eoa^Jvffally. — m. eoiUafal'ttj. [L. am^ 

Jttgalis—conjnjc, one united to another, a 
nusband or wife — con, tatdjugnm, a yoke.] 

OoQJ«|at«, kon^O^-git, v.t. in gram., to give the 
vanous inflections or parts of a verb:— >r.>. 
con'jQglting ; J^./. con'jOgSted. — n. a woitl 
agreeing in derivation with another word. (L*. 
conjngo—con, together, and Jugum, that which 
joins, a yoke.] 

coQjagsAioa, kon-jOD-gi'shun, n.,act qf^ Joining or 
state of being joined together ; inflection of vcrbe. 

fkmiwf, kon-jOOr', v.t, (orig. v.L, to tmite mtder 
oath) to call on or summon by a sacred name or 
in a solemn manner; to implore earnestly:— 
>r./. conjOr'ing; /a./. conjQred'. [L. com, 
together, and/vrv, to swear.]— «(. eoojnr^ar. 

eeajver, kon-jOvor, n. one bound by oath with 

•ovjars, kun^te, v.t. to act upon by invoking 
supernatural aid for magical purposes; to en- 
chant ; to raise up or frame needlessly. — v.i. to 
pactise magical arts:— -^>. conjunng (kun'- 
j^ing) ; Pa^. conjured (kunO^rd). 

eo^larer, ktm^ur-^, n. one who practises magic ; 
an enchanter. 

•onjvratlee, kon-jOO^shnn, m. act of summoning 
by a sa^«d name or solemnly ; act or process 
ot invoking supernatural aid ; endiantment. 

w.— ■■■■■■ . ^ kon-nas'ens, n., birth of two or more 
ett the same time; a being bom or produced 
with another. [L. con, with, nascor, to oe bom.] 

efliiBaswl» kon-nas'ent, atfy'., bom or produced at 
the same time. 

eoanats, kon'n&t, or kon-nftt', adj., bom with one's 
self. [L.£9w,with,andMW«^ffa/att, tobebom.] 

oonaataral, kon-nat'O'ial, adj., if the same nature 
with another, 

OoBMel^ kon-nekt', v.t,, to knit or fasten together; 
to establish a relation between. — v.i. to oecome 
united or dosdy related to ',—tr.^. connecting ; 
/«/. connect'ed. [L. eon, together, and necto, 
to fasten.] 

eenaeeledly, kon-nekt'ed-li, adv., in a connected 

eoeaswMwi, koo-nek'shun, «., act of connecting, or 
the state of being connected ; that which con- 
nects; a body or society held t(^;ether by a 
bond; cohoienoe ; intercourse. 

•oaaeettva, kon-nekriv, eulj., having /ower or tend' 
ing to connect. — m. a word that connects sen* 
tences or words. — adv, oamaat^tw^ij, 

Mimeetor, kon-nekt'or, n., one who or that which 

•miaeaioe, kon-nek'shun, n, same as cc m is ctlim . 

Oooatfw^ kon-nlv', v.i,, to wink at a fault ; to fail by 

ftr; Bl^ hte; mine; anOte; mate; mODn; thcsu 


tha iSaiag oonngned ; the writbg hf nUck tsT- 
thing is consigned. 

eoBdfk kon-dst^, v.i, lit U tUutd UgttJur; to 
continue fixed; to be contained; to be composed ; 
to co^xistf Le., to agree :— /r.>. consist'ing ; /a./, 
consist'ed. [li. coHsisio—<att, iXf^. compteteness, 
and *Ut<k—*t6t to stand, Gr. kutimi, to cause 
to stand. Sans. sikMt to stand.] 
MBilfleat, koa-dst'ent, adj. fixed ; not fluid : agree- 
ing together ; imiform. — adv. oauigtftiiMw. 
• M i il ito n<» e^ kon-sist'enSy oeaslstai^, kon-ust'en-si, 
m., ttait ^Mag eantitUni, fixed, or firm : a 
dcqpee of density ; substance : agreemenL 
MMislsiT, keo-«isror4, is. liL « iUmdhq^ or waiting 
place; an assembly or council; a qtiritual or 
ecdedastkal court.--«4^. aoB^slo'ilal. 

QpttsodaliflB, koDH5-shi-ft'shnn, n., wmfatUonship 
with; association; alliance. [L. ccmodatio— 
e^H, with, tac($u, a companion.] 

OoBSOla kon-s6l'. v.t. to give salac* or ccm/ort; 
to cheer in distress :-^^. consOFing; /a.>. 
consoled'. [L. (oh^ intoisive. and tolor, to com- 
fort. See lolaee.>--«. eooserer. 

•oosQlaUs^ kon-sOKa^bl, adj.^ that may ht contoUd. 

eo B sels He ii, kon-sO-lfl'shun, n,, act tf contoliiig; 
solace ; comfort : alleviation of misery. 

eo M o l ato c y, kon-sora-tor-i, adj., ttndingiomt^U, 

Oo M o U da t s^ kon-sol1-d2t, v.t, to tnako solid or 

Jirm ; to form intoa omipact mass ; to unite into 

one. — v.i. to grow solid or firm ; to unite x—pr.f, 

consoridftting ; /a./, consol^dfttod. [L. coHsolido. 

coHsolidainf'-^on. intensive, and solidtu, soUd.] 

•sasoUdaUen, kon-sol-i-dl'shun, «., act ^coHsolt- 
dating; state of being consolidated. 

toasols, kon'sols, n.^L that part of the British 
national debt which connsts of the 3 per cent* 
annuities consoUdaUd into ooa fimd. 

OsMsoaal kon'son-ant, adL lit sotmding with 
something else ; agreeable ; consistent ; suitable. 
^^. an articulation which can be sounded mUy 
witha vowel ; a letter representing suchasoond. 
^ad0, esK'soaaBtly. fl* consotuuui pr.p. of 
comsono eot ^ with, and mm, to sound.] 

tsn s wi s iM, kon'son-ans, «. a state of agreamant; 
agreement or unison of sounds j coocoid. 

OoBserl, kon'sort, m. one that shares iko samg lot 
wttk Motkor; a partner j a comiMinion ; a wife 
or husband ; an accompanying ship : union ; con- 
currence. tU eomsors, from eoit, with, and sort. 
sortis, nlot] ' 

•OBSorl, koB-sort', v.l to associate; to marry.—: 
v.t. tojofai ; to marry :->r./. consorrtng ; >»./. 

Oenspleaow^ kon-spiVtl-us. a4f., eUarly som; 
visible to the ejre or mind ; prominent ; eminent; 
celebrated. — aav, tnggkfwow^. — m. •oospie'iow* 

OoBspIr^ )um-$pl/, v.i, Ut. U irmtkg UgwUgr; 
to agree ; to concur to one end; to unite for bad 
eirfs; to plot:-^./. conspIrW; /«./. con- 
spited'. iU cpn^tv^'com, together, and sdir», 
to breathe.] 

•<nvlr8«f , kon-fpii^a-d. n, a banding togetlier for 
an evil purpose ; a plot ; concurrence. 

•ominUr, koD-ipi/a-tor, «., pt$£ who cmMm: a 

OoBsUbto, kwi'sta-bl, «. lit eomi «/ iJk^ timilo: 
Master 0/ the hone: thence applied to other 
officers generally of Ugh rank; a 


* Poirceman.--»i. eoa ^st s M ii hlp . \fr,eonmfieMos 
1 \^ cofuustaiile ; U coutos staML count of tho 
ttahuhmt, stable.] 
•onsUbalary, kon-staVO-la^i, adj., feriaining U 
cotutabUs or peace-officers.-H«. the body of cob- 

OoBslui^ koo'stant, a^., stamdinr firm; fixed ; 
uochangeabla { continual; faitnfuL— «. that 
which remains unchanged. [L. eanstasis, from 
eoMsto, to stand firm— cMf, inten. . sto, to stand.] 

eeastaaey, kon'stan-si, m;, state ^beittgeomtami: 
fixedness; unchang^leness. 

eoastoa^f, kon'stant-li, adv., with corns tatuy; 
firmly ; fixedly : perseveringly : continually. 

Os Bit e n s H s a, kon-stel-U'shun, n., a clmsterofstars: 
an assemblage of beauties or excellences. [L. £«w- 
si elfaH o torn, dg. coonectioD, Stella, a star.] 

OoBStanatksi, kon-st&r-nS'shun, m. ,« ikrmittgd^Tm 
tximiocotifmlom; terror which throws into con- 
fiwoa; astonishment; horror. [L. eonstomatta 
-•comsterma, oomsterMohu, from am, sic. com- 
pleteness, and stemo, to strew, to throw down.] 

OoasUpttle, kon'stl-pAt v.t., to Press claufy tegetJUr; 
to stop up : to make costive s->r>. con'stiplting ; 
/«.>. conTstipIted. [L. ^m, together, and «^, 
stipatm, to press^ Gr. stnb9, to stamp tight] 

es Mttp a t ioin, kon-sti-pa'shun, n.^ act v constipat' 
ingi costiveness. 

OoBstitQte, kon'sti-tfit, v.t, to mtaie to ttaad or 
place together : to set up; toestablish; to causa 
to be: to form or compose; to appoint:—^./, 
con'stitflting; >«./. cotfstitated. [L. eonstitmo, 
coHsHtntm, from con, together, and statmo, to 
make to stand, to jAzcc-^to, to stand.] 

OQBstltanl^ kon-stitll-ent, adj.. comstttuiitig or 
forming; essential; elemental— 41. he or that 
which constitutes or composes ; an essential or 
elemental part: he who appoints or elects; a 
deleg ate or representative. 

MBStttasaey, kon-stit'O-en-si, sr. the whole body of 

esuMtatlon, kon-sti-tfl'shun. is., act o/eoMstituting: 
the thing constituted ; the natural condition of 
body or nund ; a system of laws and customs ; 
the established form of government ; a r^" tiCT laT 
law or usage. 

MBstttaftteoa^ kon-sti-tCshun-al, a4J, inherent in 
the eoMstttntioH or natural fr^e; natural; 
agreeable to the constitution or frame of govern- 
ment ; leg$L—adv. eraitlta'tlmtfly.. 

eoBsUtaUoBaUslk kon-sti-tO'shun-al-ist eourtltctloa. 
Isl, kon-sti-tO'shun-ist, is. one who nivours a con^ 
stitmtiomal government-^ 

asostftallve, koo'sti-tat-iv. ad/., thai constitutes or 
establishes ; essential ; navmg power to ena^ ftc. 

OoBsbmla, kon-strSn', v.t., to strain as *ress to* 

gether; to bind ; to urge with irresistibfe power; 

to force X—pr.p, constraining \^.p. constrained'. 

[Fk*. cofuiruindrt—'L, constnngo. constrictm-^ 

con, together, and stri$igo,ta\xaA, press, Gr. 

stfrnngge, akm to Btroog. See Btrala.] 
•easftniaaUs^ kon-strtn'a-bl, a4J., that may be con* 

ooas ti e la si Mv , kon-ttrtn'ad-li. adv., with constraint 
eeoslrsiat kon-strflnt', «., thai which constmifu; 

irreaistiUe force; compulsion: confinement 
aoBsMal, kon-strikt', v.t,, to bind or /rns together; 

to contract : to cramp *<i-pr.p. constricting ; pa.p. 

ooBilrMfl^ koa-stryshun, «., act qfctfuMcting; 

oootzaction ; compression* 

"^f Or; mf,h«r| mXtie; mOCo; mCUe; moon; Mciu 

Ills tofclher.] 

pie : lo pot lOfCtBM' u« , 


wla, knn-nm'll, M lia 
wit oc Jutiuilfaiil: t 


pcrTect.— dA. aaanrnWhU/. 
wuitiitf! complelioo; pvri«tL«ij cIqk 
hftc Seem) 

I, Hy^a etet tmMHgt clou m 

wliich Ilia diMM* f< — 

Qui, til I ml, htr i aloa ; 


Oa»fi«pliti^ koB-tem'plit, v.i. to consider or look 
at attentiTely (liko the andent augurs) ; to oiedi- 
tate on or study; to intend.— p.^ to think 
seriously; to meditate:—^./, contem'plsting ; 
>!«./. contem'pUted. [L. centtmplor, coiUnn' 
piahUf to mark out a Umplum or (dace for ob- 
servation — cPHt sig. completeness, and Um/itim.} 
See Ooaridar, and Vmpte. 

saatsMpUHoa, kon-tem-pU'shun, n,, act ofccnUm^ 
piatingi c<mtinued study of a particulu- subject. 

•oatemplattve, kon-tem'pla-tiv^ ^j-t given to ccm- 
tem^latUn; of studious habits.-Hiav. oaatsai'pla- 

OoateaiporanMVi^ kon^m-p5^'ne-us» adj. living, 
happening, or being at tht tame time.-^aav. 
•oal— poca'neoMly.— <». cflBUmpflga^asiwisnf [L. 
am^ together, and Umporatuu * Um^ ^ time.] 

•sa t s ap o T My, kon-tem'pO-rar-i, adj. contempo- 
raneous. — «. one who lives at the same time. 

OoBkcmplk ftc See under Ooatsma 

Ooa t ena, kon-tend', v.uMx^to stretch out with ail 
cm/» mifhtf to strive ; to strunle in emulation 
or in opposition; to dispute or debate ; toouarrel: 
— /r.y. contending ; /a,/, contend'ed. [L. coh- 
tendo, coHtentum—con^ and tendo, to stretch.] 

•oattnttoa, kon-ten'shun, »., act rf contendiMg; a 
violent straining after any object ; strife ; debate. 

eoB t <n t toa% kon-ten'shus, adj.. given to contention : 
quarrelsome. — adv, 9nA$KUoimtf. — n, eoatsn'tl- 

Osatat, ftc. See under Ooatala. 

Ooatmlai], kon-t^min-al, Ooatinalaoa% kon-t&r'- 
min-us, a^O'. having a common terminns or 
boundairy. [L. conterminns, neighbouring— «m, 
together, and terminnt, a boundary.] 

OoBtMt, kon-test', v.t. lit to call to witness aguinsf; 
to call in question ; to dilute, resist, defend. — 
v.^ to engage in strife, di^mte, ftc \-~Pr.p. wof 
taHTvagi/a./. contesred.— tfuCf. ooattst'sUs. [L. 
contestor, to call to witneis^ fw», intenuve, and 
tester, to be a witness— il«r/&r, a witness.] 

•oBtasI^ kon'test, «. a struggle for st^eriority; 
strife; debate. 

Ooa t s at , kon'tekst, ft. smnediin^ woven together or 
connected ; the parts of a <uscourse or treatise 
which precede and follow a q)ecial passage. (L. 
contexo—con, together, texo, textns, to weave.] 

•oatszlirs, kon-texrOr, n., the interweavingof posts 
into a whole ; compoution of parts ; system. 

OoBtlcaou, kon-tig'Q-us, a<(f., touching; adjoining; 
neMT.—adv. coi^ig^aoasly.—is. ocatlgawissB [L. 
contiguHS, from contingo, contigi, to touch <» 
all sides— ctfw, sig. compwteness, temgOt to touch.] 

•oa^lffattj, kon-tig-Ql-ti, n., the stated being con- 
tiguous, or in close contact. 

ee mZm^t , kon-tinOent, A^'. lit touching: depend- 
ent on something eke; liable but not certam 
to happen; acddentaL — m. an event which is 
liable out not certain to occur; a share or propor* 
tion, es|>ecially of soldiers.— Wv. ooBttageatly. 
[L. continfo, to touch, to happen.] 

ewittifsane, kon-tinlens, eoattacney, kon-tin^en-u, 
«., the quality o/being contingent; what happens 
by chance; an accident. 

OontJaww, OMittaent, ftc. See under Ctontela. 

Oft!—, kon-tin'a, v.t. lit and orig. to hold in a 
given place or position ; to do one thing after 
another ; to persist in ; to unite without Tweadc ; 
to draw out ; to prolong ; to extend or increase 
in any way. — v.u to remain in the sune place 
or state ; to last or endure ; to persevere ^-^.>. 


ContinlDtng;^/. contin'Qed. [Fr. CMr/mi««r— Li. 

continuus, jomed, connected, from c o nti n o o com^ 

together, and teneo, to hold.] 
Motteasd, kon-tin'Odi, adj. uninterrupted; nil* 

ceasing ; extended. — €tdv, taaUu'wtOf. 
eoattarasl, kon-tin'0-al, adj., continuing; without 

interruptioa ; unceasing. — adv. eoatvaslly. 
•oatlaasaes, kon-tin'Q-aitt, «., the continuity in a 

particular state ; duration ; unintemq>ted snocca- 

sion; stay; extension; perseverance. 
coB tfaastto B, kon-tin-Q-S'shun, «., act o/continso' 

ing; constant succession ; extension. 
ooBtlBvatlvs^ kon-tin'Q-A-tiv, eu^'., continuing. 
eonttnastor, kon-tin'a-A-tor, n., one who continueg 

or keeps up a series or succession. 
soattaaoai^ kon-tin'Q-us, adj., continuing ;j<Aaod to- 
gether; without intenuption. — adv. ooawaooly. 
maUamity, kon-tin-Ql-ti. n., state if being continw 

0tts: uninterrupted connection. 

Ctoatoil^ kon-toat', v.t, to twist or turn violentfy: 
to writhe i—pr.p. contort'ing ; pa.p, cootort'ed. 
(L. con, intensive, and torfueo, tortus, to twbt] 

•OBlortlMi, kon-tor'shun, n., act of contorting; ol 
twisting of anything out of its natural position. 

Oontov, kon-tOQi', n. lit thai which is turned; tho 
outline. [Fr. contour, from con, and tour, a 
turning— L. tomus, Gr. tomos, a turning-lathe.] 

O s a trab aad, kon'tra-band, o^l. agai$ut or contrary 
to ban or law; prohibited.— «. illegal traffic; 
prohibition ; prohibi t ed goods.— «. ccrtrahsadJa^ 
a smuggler. [ Fr. contrOande ; It. contrabbando : 
bw IZ coniruiat$num'—'L. contra, against, and 
low L. bannum, a proclamation.] See Baa. 

Oontrael^ kon-trakt', v.t., to draw together; to 
letten; to shorten; tosioc^uire; to incur; tobarw 
gain for; to betroth.— v.i. to shrink; to become 
less ; to bargain v—pr.p. contracting ; pa.p. con- 
tract'ed. [L. contraho, contractus, from con, 
together, and traho, to draw.] 

•oa tr a ct ^ kon'trakt, i*. lit « drawing together to 
make an agreement; an agreement; a bond; a 
betrothment ; the writing containing an agree- 

•s ati a w ls d , kon>trakt'ed, eidj., drawn together; 
narrow ; mean. — adv, eea tea c V tdly.- 

eontraellbis, kon-traktl-U, adj., capable of being 

contracted. — ns. toa^tnaUUafU^, eeatraetiblMiMB. 
ccatnetHs, kon-trakt'il, adj., tending or having 

power to contract. — n. eoatraetOlly. 
ootttraetlea, kon-tiak'shun, n., act o/ contracting ; 

state of being contracts ; the thing contracts ; 

a word shortened by rejecting a part of it 
eoa tracl c r , kon-trakt^, n., one who contracts; 

one of Uie parties to a bargain or agreement 

OoBlra*tfaBes,kon'tra-dans (corruptly e uaaliy n l aaes), 
n., a demce in which the partners are arranged m 
opposite lines. [Fr. contre danse; L. contra, 
against, opposite, and Oaaee.] 

OoBtradkl, kon-tra-dtkt', v.t., to speah in opposition 
to: to oppose by wocds ; to assert the contrary; 
to deny:— /r.>. c<mtradictlng ; /<>./• contra^ 
dict'ed. [L. contradico, contradictus— contra, 
against, sind dice, to speak.] 

eaatradioUoa, kon-tra-dilcshun, n., actofcontro' 
dieting; a q>eakiiig against; denial; incon* 

eentradlektve, kon-tra-diktlv, ooatradkiory, kon-tia- 
dikt'or-i, adj., implying contradiction; affirming 
the contrary ; opposite ; inconsistent — adv. eoa* 

""i, Vke ', m€, hhx ; mine ; mOte ; mOte ; mOOa ; Men. 

nnwtF « i1I^^ ]yh p^^b|y 


of dissenten firom tho EstaUuhed CSiurcfa. [L. 
^mNrmiimlttm, dim. o{ eonvenhu.} 

MaTMrttoa, kon-m'shim, »., met o/eonvmmg; tn 
assembly, esp. of reprMentad vot for tome special 
object; temporarf treaty; an agreement 

eenTtnttonal, kon-ven'shun-«J, a4f.,firmid fy ^n>- 
vtntiim <tt agreement; stipulated; groMring out 
of tacit agreement or custom ; customary.-^si/v. 

eeBTfWtJftnsltwa, kon-Ten'shunnd-ism, n^ that which 
it cffHtfentiMal or established by tacit agree- 
ment, as a mode of speedi, &c. 

•oaTMtlflaatttj, kon-vc»-shun-«n-ti, ^n., ttait ef 
being wtvtniional; that which is established 
by conventional use or custom. 

OoBTtrcs^ koo-v£ij', v,L, t^ Bender incline together; 
to tend to one point :— ^.>. converging ; >a./. 
conveiged'. [Fr. ce n tPet^ r^ from L. cen, together, 
and verg9t to bend, to mchne.] 

•oavscfea^ kon-^r^ent, ai(/.f cenverging; tend- 
ing to one poinL 

eonvacMBee^ Iton-vAijens, eoBWfiMy, kon-vftrj - 
ens-i, «., met or quality ^converging or tending 

OoQverse, kon-virs', v.L lit to turn round mttch or 

/reqi$enttjt—€hKn.t to abide; to have intercourse ; 

to talk familiarly >-/r.>. convers^g; Pa.p. 

conversed'. [L. conversor—^n, intensive, and 

Mrw, to turn mnch-^evrf^, to turn.] 

eonverse, lum'vin, n. familiar intercouTM; conver- 

eottvtns, eoBverML See under Oonvart. 

eonvtnaUe, kon-virs'a-bl, adj, disposed to c o nverse ; 
sodable.— «4^tr. ooovmi'^Uy. 

oaavarsaal^ kott'vtoa-ant, adt., having co n ven e or 
intercourse; acgnainted by study; familiar: in 
if., walking or associating with. 

eeavaraatloaj kon-^vte^st'shun, n, intercourse ; talk ; 
fiuniliar discourse : in B., path or conduct ; dis- 
position ; dtisenship. — ad;. ooBvaxsa'lloaaL 

ccttvarsatlMiallitt koo-vipsftihun-al-ist, n, (me who 
excels in conversation. 

eoavaraadone, kon-vir-sat-sS^nl^ n, a meeting for 
convertatien, particularly on hterary subjects. — 
>/: eonvaiaado^Cn^. [It] 

OoovanioB. See under Oonvarlk 

OoBvarti, koa-rtxtf, v.t., to turn round; to change 
or turn from one thingi condition, or rdigion 
to another ; to chanffe from a bad to a good ufe; 
to apply to a particular purpose.— v.£ to undergo 
a change >-fr^ convert^ ; >».>. coovert'ed. 
[L. converto, con v ert ue ■ c o n , and verto, to turn.] 

aonvarti, kon'v^ m., one converted; one who has 
become religions, <»■ who has changed his religion. 

aoavarttbl^ kon^vtet^bl, a4f., that mrngf be con- 
verted; that may be changed one for the other. 
—adv. eoBwtlHy.— «>. eoavsrtOlllly. 

e e a fnaa. kon'virs, n. a propositioa converted or 
turned about— i. e., one in whidi the subject and 
predicate have changed places. <r^. reversed in 
order or relation ; redprocaL— a</v. e e a' taraa l y. 

coBvanloa, kon-vte'shun, n, change irom one thing, 
state, or religion, to another^ change from a 
wicked to a holy Ufe ; appropriation to a special 
purpose ; act of intercnangmg the terms of a 

Ooavtz, kon'veks, adj. lit carried together, brought 
round; rising into a round form on the outsule, 
the reverse of concave. — n. a convex body. — 
adv. eoa ^ v aalj r . [L. convexu9-<onveho—<on, 
together, and vdio, to carry.] 


ury.] pluck, to pulL] 

*e,f)lr; m<,h«r; mUie; mOta; mOte; mOQa; Men. 


Mimisad, koiMreksf , mdi., made come*. 
eoBTSKadly, kon-veks'ed-li, adv., in a convex J^ruu 
cenva xi ly, kon-veksl-ti, «., state of being convex: 
roundnesa of form on the oataiae. 

Ooovay, kon-vS', v.t lit to bring or send on tho 
way; to carry; to transmit; to impart :—>r.^. 
convey^g ; /«•/• conveyed'. — n. eonvey'er. fold 
Fr. conveter; It and low L. conviare, to conduct 
— L. con, along with, and vim, a way : coonectal 
with veho, to carry.] 

eoBVtjabla^ kon-vft'a-bl, adj., that may be con- 

eaavsTaaoe^ kon-vft'ans, n., act ef eonveyittg; the 
instrument <»■ means of conveying; in mw, the 
act of transferring piopeity ; the writing ^N^ch 
transfers it 

eonveyaaoer, kon-va'ans-^, n. one whose buuness is 
the transference of property. 

eonvflyandng, kon-vft'ana-ing, n. the business of a 

aonvoj, kon-voy', v.t» to accompany on the way tot 
protection x—Pr.p. oonvo/ing ; /«./. convoyed'. 
[Fr. co nve y er , from root of Owivty.] 

eoavoy, konSroy, n., the act e/ conveying; pro- 
tection ; that which convoys or is convoyed. 

Oonvlaee, kon-vins', v.t. lit ie conouer thoroughly 
or overcome; to subdue the mind by evidence ; to 
satisfy as to truth or error : in ^., to convict ; to 
refute :— /r.>. convincing ; /«./. coavinoedf.— 
adv. coavlaolBi^. [L. con, sig. oompletenesa, 
and vinco, victnm, to oonquer.l 

•oavlot, kon-vikt', v.t., to convince; to shew by 
proof or evidence ; to prove guilty \—fr.p. con- 
victing; AM* convict^jd. 

eonvk«^ koirvikt, «., one convicted or found guilty 
ofcnme, afelon. 

ooavletloB, kon-vik'shun, «., act of convincing or of 
convicting; state of being convinced or of being 
convicted; strong belief; a proving guilty. 

esHvlettva, kon-vikriv, adj., able to convince or to 

eoBvtnefUa^ koQ^vin^-U, ae^., thai may be con- 

OoBVlvlat, kon-vivO-U, adj. Ut Uoing and eating 
together; feasting in company; relating to a 
feast ; soda! ; joviaL — iMdv, eonvlvlaUy.— a. een- 
vlviatlty. [L. c onvivium, a living together, a 
feast— «Mi, together, and vivo, to live.] 

OQavooatioB. See under Oonvoka. 

OoBVOk^ kon-vOkf, v.t.. to call together; to a»- 
sembie:— ^.>. convoking ;>*.>. convoked'. [I* 
con, together, and veeo, vocatus, to call] 

aoavooatloa, kon-vO-kl'shun, n.. act ef co n vok in g; 
an assemUy, pardculariy or the clergy of tne 
English Churcn, ot of the heads of a univer- 
rity ; a meetbg ; a synod. 

OoBvelve^ kon-volv', v.t, to roll together, or one part 
on another i—fr.p. convolv'ing ; As./, omvolved'. 
[L. con, together, and vohto, vemtus. to roO.] 

ooBvtftaK ko^vMat, aonvolated, kon'vO-lQt-<d, adj., 
roMod together, mr one part on anodier ; twisted. 

oobvoIbCIob, kon-vO-lQ'shun, n., act of rolling or state 
of being roDed together; a twisting ; a fold. 

eonvetvatos, kon-vor vQ-lus, n* a genus of twisting 
or twining plants, called also Undweed. 

Convoy. See under Ooorey. 

Ooavalss, kon-vuls', v.t. lit to pluck or pull vio- 
lently; to agitate or affect by violent action ; to 
affect by spasms l—Pr.p. convulsing ; pa.p. con- 
vulsed'. [L. con, intezuive, and veuo, vuisus, to 
{duck, to pulL] 

■mUo^ km-Tul'ihuD, «., a vMaU ud inToluii- 
taj7 «]i/wc^^ of iHa muKlei r commcticn. 

■nMr^ kaoTttli^, ■■(/. produdns or MMnded 
wiM " w-iKMw f.- ipin^le. nrfp. ■BnlC- 

aHT.Oav.kB'ni.iii. Bimbbit. [G«. iuiii, ^ 

Cia^ kAV <u to nuke % ndu ■« « dova ; to amu 
fundlT t—^4. taoTat 1 /B/i cowd'. [&sm Ilia 

fta^ kook, wJ: lit (f M/; to pniiu^ u Ibod fa 
atiiis>^>. oaob^iiii!^^ ceoksd'.— o. «ae 

whco* budnat iitooook. [A.S.«ninu;H, Iism 
<«. > auk 1 Gar. AkLv, L »vw, u bgiL] 
Out, kml, «<y: lEihllr mU; lr« fnm andte- 

■ — ' loi lalsiu DT udait 1 hidiffcRiiI : 

- ..J. u laika cool; to sUir ormod- 
Iwot, ncileiHat, pudan, ftc— ctL to 
■■u- uiul ; ta btcom lex cMdied, icbIoui. Ac : 
—*r~t. CODlW ;>«/ cOMcir.— oA. («nr- C A. s. 

■iKi kOQl'tr, fl. uTthiiic Uml ctslt. 

— - ?3St-"-*»" 

Mil. kOon^H., 
Oh, km 

or whB 

Hbid. iUi, ■ kbounr. 
to that Eithcn ■! ' 

^I (itlxn ■! Ihi 

Ud wUh Ota. hJoH, 


nytliiin MUft, > 

3VJI KDne la a coop ; toihulupor 

fine Et^iaf ; >a>. cor^nl'. [boai 

r, kinp'tr,' rL ooa who nuika ea^, tots, 

\, ikt tmrk, or wnkihap of 
lid for ft CDOpu'A wort 

>. C9, tOffOtnCT, UUI 


'Dft'lhlin, IL, ffdff e/ Bring 
■O^mtsvfowl with ■ ' 
bodr. [Dutch, Jwf; 

tf , tofflther, and 

safi ot hood : a cloak 

Duilch!-^>.c«iriDK;>a>.c«(wd'. [^ 
Dutch, liif. S«B Okaav.] 
Ofiaa^ kO'iii'Uii adj^fttnt^fmil greritowtDy ; net 

Ilia, bid ^, ^^j powar, prepc rt y, wulth.] 
IVIifV, ^od*a, ■> « matal of a ivdduh colour, 
named Rom Iha liluid af Cyfrmi a ve«al 
■lada of copper.— e.C to corti with eofnar ■.-~ 
fr^ copffannc ; jM,/, copp'm^ [Gar. MH/ftr, 
low L. cifi^niiH — C^/ryt, Or. Ki ^rtt, Zf^na, 

«pp«a^ kn'Ar4i, la. IjL c^tr-rttt ot Jfrmtri 

nlphala of Lroo or rnan vitriol, lued in dyeing 
black, "■■^i"f inl^ &c fTr. « ' ' " ' ' 

_ ^ — - , - --- . --- of cqpper.l 

aopiiartA, kor/Ar-uh, aenarr. kop'tr.i, oi p raa a^ 

Ul'prfriu, ait/. coni^DUK or Mi ttfftr, 
HppBTlau, ksp'tt.plll, *., a tlaU of poHihcd 

c^irr <a which unieihlDi hu bean cociaved ; 

an Ixapmdoa taken from tha pUto. 
Oepptaa^ kopli, Onpa^ bop*, x. a wood of anuQ 

ET^wibrvoif^. Cola rr. n^n;i, wood aewlir 

cal—amprr. Gt. A^*A lo cul.J 
OovnUla, kop'ro-Ut, ■. petrified duog of auimali. 

LGf. kfffrvM, dung, JUM lUhcM, a Mooa.} 

iDinba^ iqi. of hooka j u 

- .- tiuCtfli, tha 

ndeut Egypliua. 

■4^4 OHfUt or /nWr 
□ JM, the word jcioini 
, [L. — ff, tofelhei, and 
L, aftut, EtMeoed, uul 

1 B.L, It pmfU vjtm 

iilbcl taatlli i—ir.f. 
ludi. (Lc«>&,cff^ 

L, ttl ff ctftJaliKf. 
, UmilSie.—*. ID tram, , 
I idcaa ai wall aa worda. 

kl work ! maBuacrnt for piiatiDg.'-^.f. ta 
palat, Ik. uxorSnf to an onginal; lo 
i; lo tnnaorihe ^-yto'jt, csp'yingi /aj. 
L CFr. ct^, from L, f^Wa, puaty, ueaDt 

— , _., , Ar. Aa«L ■ ■pada of 

Is or ri|ht of hoUmf land, /w which the 
a can ibIt >haw tha flnlf of Iba'rolli inigiB- 
mada bv ua Maward of tha lord'i court 
M hopl-in, ■. tha eidiwTe >V of an 
LOr cv hi! heiri to publiih for a term of y^an 

'mf ; jbuA coqaeo'cd. [Ft. ■ 
ong. codt-Uke — ny, a cock.] 
■qiaVT, kO-kcCii, it, it ^ atmlfmt ! at 
to attract admiiatiDD, Ac ia order to dei 

;riih, mij. practiiijig ctotitiryi 
oquetta.— sAl aatartlldUr.—* 


(tor, kor, IK. a Heb. measare, the came as the 
Oond*^ koc'a-kl, w. a boat used in Wales, made 

of skms or oil-doth stretched on wicker-work. 

[W. ewrwgt^-cerwgt anything round.] 
Oond, koi'al, n, a hard substance of variotu colours, 

Sowing on the bottom of the sea. composed of 
e skeletons of soophytes : a child's toy made 
of conJ. [L. wruihum; Qt. koraUion^ 

•ortDiftroaiv kor-al-if 'ir-us, adj.t heariMgot contain- 
ing coraL TOocal, and 'L./tiVt to bear.] 

imJItns^ kor'al-In, adj. of, like, or catttainiHgcormL 
— H, a moss^like coral ; a cooal-Uke substance. 

Ooctea, koi'ban, «. lit. anything devoted to God ; a 
vessel to receive gifts of charity ; alms. [Heb. 
korban^ an offering, sacrifice.] 

Oortel, korlxl, n. in mrth,^ an ornament orij^. in the 
form of a basket— 93Xf ornamented projection sup- 
porting a superincumbent weight. [Fr. corbeUlt, 
from L. cot4icula, dim. otcorois, a baskeL] 

Oori, kord, n, orig. a chord; a small rope or thick 
kind of string. — v.t. to bind with a chord:— ^^. 
cording ; /«.>. conTed. [See Chord.] 


. ff . a quantity of cords or ropes. 
«r, kor-de-lCi', n, a Franciscan fnar, so 
ed from the knotted ^rd worn by him as a 
girdle. Told Fr. cordel—corde. a rope.] 
oertea, kor'don, «., a cord ox ribbon bestowed as a 
badge of honour ; mfort, a row of jutting stones ; 
a line of military posts, 
cordiiroy, kor'dQ-rov, n. lit ike hmt^s cord; tmck 
cotton stuff, corded or ribbed. [YT.cordeduroi, 
cord of the king.] 

Cordial, ftc. See under Oors. 

Oordovaa, kor'do-van, OordwatB, kord'wSn, n. ^t- 

skin loither, originally from Cordoxfa in Spam, 
•ordwaiasr, kord'wfin-^, n, a worker in cordovan 

or cordwain ; a shoemaker. 

Core, kOr, n,, the heart; the inner part of anything^ 
especially of fruit [L. cor, cordis, the heart] 

eordial, kor'di-al, adi,, hearty; with warmth of 
heart; nncere; aflfectionate ; reviving the heart 
or spuits. — n. anything which revives or com- 
forts tlM heart ; a medicine or drink for refresh- 
ing the spirits.— a/9. eer'dlaUy. — m. eordlal'lty. 

ODTOUttvi, &c See Oorrslativs. 

Oorlaeooai^ kOr-i-ft'shus, adj., leathery 'j of or like 
leather. [L. cerium, Gr. chorion, skm, leather.] 

Ooriaadir, kOr-i-an'd6r, n. an annual plant, the 
seeds (^ which when fresh have a te/^Iike smell, 
used as a medicine, spice, &c [L. coriamdrum; 
Or. koritumon, horion, from horis, a bug.] 

OortBtUaa, Vo-nD.ti/i-«ai,ad/.,^ertainingto Corinth, 
a dty of Greece ; pertauung to a Greek order of 
architecture, vAack is highly ornamentaL 

Oock, koflc, n, lit rind or bari; the outer baric of 
the cork-tree, an oak found in the south of 
Europe, &c ; a stopper made of cork. — v.t. to 
stop with a cork ; to stop up :-^./. corking; 
/«.>. coriced'. [Sp. coreho, Ger. korh, from L, 
cortex, bark, rimL j 

Ooraanalk kor'mo-rant, n. lit the tea-crom: a 
genus of web-footed sea-birds, of great voraaty ; 
a glutton. (Fr. cormoran; It corvo mariM, 
from L. corvus marinus, the sea-crow : W. 
morvran, from mor, sea, and bran, raven.] 

Oon, kom, n., a grain or kernel; seeds that grow 
in ears, as wheat, rye, &c. ; /rmx (^ all kinds.— 
v.t. to sprinkle with salt in grains '.—pr.p. com'- 
>n« ; /»;/• corned'. [A.S. com; Goth, kaum; 
conn, with L. granMm.\ See Grain, KoraoL. 



Cora, kom, n. fit horn; a hard, homy excresoeao* 
on the toe or foot [L. comu, hom.1 

eomoa, kor'nS-a^ n, the transparent homy mem- 
brane which forms the front part of the eye. 

oofBol, kor'nel, n., the comelian-^enj or dog-wood 
tree, so named from the homy or hard nature of 
Its wood, [old Fr. comiUe, It comiolo, low Lb 
comolitim—'lt. cormts—<omtt, a horn.] 

comooas, kor'nC-us, adj., homy : hard. 

oornar, koi'nte, n., a hom-like projection ; the point 
where two hues meet ; a secret or confined juace. 
[old Fr. comiert—L, comu.] 

eomarad, kor'n^rd, adj\, having comers, 

eoraol, kor'net, ». lit a little hem; a hora-shapcd 
trumpet ; formerly, a body of cavaliy accom- 
panied by a comet-player ; a cavalry officer who 
bears the ensign of Uie troc^.— «. eoraot-a-pte'tfla, 
a kind of comet with valves and pistens. [Fr. 
comet, dim. of cor, a horn, trumpet] 

eomoky, koc'net-si, n, the commission or rank of a 

conieolato, kor-niVQ-Ult, adj'., homed; shajped 
like a horn. [L. comictdatus—<omiculttm, mm. 

eonifftroai^ kor-n^'ii^us, ad/., bearing horns. \X- 
comn, and gtro, to hcai.f 

eomopoan, kor-nO'pe-an, n. a musical wind-instru- 
ment of the horn or trumpet kind, [from L. 
comu, a horn.] 

oomseopla, kor-nO-kO'pi-a, n. lit the horn of plenty; 
accordlne to the table, the horn of the goat 
that suckled Jupiter, placed among the stars as 
an emblem of plenty. [L» cornn, and co^, 

Ooraieo, ]a>i'nis, n. lit a curve; the highest moulded 
projection of a wall or column, &c [It — L. 
coronis, Gr. kordnis.\ 

Comoptan, Oomneepla. See under Cora, a horn. 

Oorollai ko-rol'a, i*. lit a little garland or crown ; 

the inner covering of a flower composed of one 

or more Imves called petals. [I^ corolla, dim. 

of corona, a crown.] 
oeronai^, kor'ol-la-ri, n. orig. something given in 

addition to what is due, as a garland of llowers ; 

an inference or deduction from recognised facta. 

[L. coroUarittm, a little garland.] 
eonmal, koi'O-nal, oocoaary, koi'O-nar-i, adj., per- 

taifUMg to a crown, or to the top of the h«uL— 

n, a crown or garland ; the frontid bone, 
eorenallen, kor-&-nft'shun, n., the act ^crowning a 

sovereign. [L. conmatio.] 
ooronor, koc'C-n^r, n. an officer, ^ipointed by the 

crown, whose duty is to inquire mto the causes 

of acodental or suspidous oeaths. ^ 
eeronot, kor'O-net n,, a small or inferior crotvn 

worn by the nobility ; an ornamental head-dress. 

— a4/. VH^omUA, having or wearing a coronet. 

Corporal, koi'po-ral, «. lit a chief; among infantry, 
a non-commissioned officer next in rank to a 
sergeant ; in the navy, an officer under a master- 
at-arms. — n, ooi'por^Shlp. [Fr. caporale; It 
caporale—capo, chief— L. caput, the head.] 

Corporal, kor'po-nJ, adj. belonging or relating te 
the body; having a body ; not spiritual. — n. the 
cloth used in R. Cathouc Churdies for covering 
the elements of the Eucharist— <u/r. oor'poraUy. 
[L. corporalis--<orpus, corporis, the body.] 

oorporato, koi'po-r&t, adj'. legally united into a 
body so as to act as an individual ; belonging 
to a corporation ; united. — adv. coi'poratoly.— «. 

■aln, KoraoL. to a corporation ; umted 

^^hftr; m£ae; note; mflte; mOOo; Men. 

into A bodr, firran et^pftu.} 


[I«. ccrj^fin Uau cof^ f v , to ihape 

cor-oo-rt'shun, «., « iodjf or todety 
aatborised bylaw to act as one indhridoaL— «. 

•Ur, a member of a corporation. 

• kor-pO'r€-al, mIj., having a body or sub- 
stance ; material— -Afo. eoivo'rtally. — «, 
pwaafUy. [L. e&rpcma^^ 
rpn kOr, !«., a btdy or band of soldiexB.— >/. 
kOrs. [Fr., firom L*. eor;^,} 
ifM^ konis, M. ocig. a human boify; now, the 
dead body of a human being. 

kor^pO-lent, tulj., having m latgit body; 
stoat ; fleshy or &t. — mdv. Mr^atally. 

B» kor'pQ-leiis, McpataMj, kor'pQ4en^ «. 
iss ofhodv : excessive fatness. 
ko?pu»-^ «. lit. m lUtlt body; a minute 
partide; a phyaical atom.— «iC^. •erpnu'evlar. 
[L. corpuKuhmt^ dim. <iic»ir^t ft body.] 
•sms, kon, m. a poetic form oteoffyss. 
tt m w^ tt ht koraflet, m. a (uece of armour for corering 

tkt btdy. (Fr., It C0ruUetta <o m J\ 
earssit kcn'aet, n. sua article of women's dress laced 
round tht body ; stays. 

Oatr«el» kor-rekt', «./., ii» mtaJkf right; to remore 

fiiiults ; to leform ; to punish ; to counterbalance : 

-^^./. correct^g ;>»•>• owrect'ed.— «4^'. made 

right or straight; firee from faults; true.— oiftt. 
dly. — M. esRwI^aMSL [L. corrigVt €0mctut 
% intenshre, rvfv, to rule, set right] 
lea. kor-rdt'shun, n,, met ^ carrtctimg; 

amendment: punishment 
•MnsUaoal, kctr-rek'shun-al, ss aiwltn ^ kor-rekt^T, 

adj., Undimg, or havinji the power, to cornet-' 

«. ewTsettre, HiAt which ccrrtcU, 
— n— to», kor-iekt'or, n,, ke who, or that which, 

e wi l t e ads » kor-ri-]en'da, n^ diings to bi earreeUd, 
•SRifttlik ko'ri-ji-bL adj., that may bt carrtcUd, 

fef<Hmed, or punished. 
O ss i il aHL koi'rC-UU, v./., t§ bi mutuaUy rttattd, 

as Auher and son:— >r./. coi^rSUting; /a./. 

coi'relited.— «!. sons ly ttoa. [L. ^m; with, and 


. kor-re^a^tiT, adj., mtduaily or recipro- 
ly rglated—n. person or thing correqxmd- 
;iy tvlaitd to another person or thing.— «<foii 

^ , kor-re>spood', v.l, U tttpond am to 

anathtr; to answer, smt, fit ; to hold intercouise, 
ntpccially by sendmg and receiving letters: — 
>n/lL corresponding ; /«./. correspond'ed.— «<fo 
sonwp u a d lHty. [lo <»n with, and I wyoa l ] 

wnspeodsBt^ kor-re-spond'ent, adj, agreemg widi ; 
suiuble.— «. one who correnonds; one with 
whom intercourse is keptupby letten.— 4 

kor-re-apond'en-si, «. suitableness; friendly in- 
tercourse; oommunicatioo by means of leUeit; 
IcttcCT wfaaA pass between conesp on d cnt s. 

CtarMor, kor^ri-dOr, is. a paasa^way or open gal- 
lery rmming along, communicating with separate 
chambers. [Fr. : It corridort, a runner, a run- 
ning — L. eurro, to run.] 

OttrrtgSBda, OotstgOlc See under OoRset. 

OiRobetato, kor^oVO-rftt, vX lit to mako vory 
ttrongi to confirm; to make more certain:— 
>r.>. corroVOrttiiw: >«.>. conrob'MUed. [L. 
cor, intensive, nad roooro, rvboratnt, to make 
stnmg. SeeBulMBl.] 


Mcr^betaltai, koc^rob^rl'shun, m., act ofcorrobot' 
ating; that which corroborates ; confirmation. 

ooRobwaaAk kor-rob'O-tant, sorroborattvs, kor-rol/A- 
rftt-iv, a4i'f tending to corroborato or confirm.— 
m, that which corrooorabes. 

OoRods, kor-rOd', v.t., to gnaw or eat away by 
dearees; to rust)— /r^. corroding; /«.>. oor> 
rOaed. [L. cor, intensive, rodo^ rotns, to gnaw.] 

kor-rO'^un, «., act^ of corroding or 
wasting away ; the state of -being corroded, [low 
L. corrotio.^ 

es iiu i l is , kor-rOslv, adj, having the quality of cor- 
roding or eating away.— «s. that which has the 
power of corroding. — adv. eonestrsly. — n, •«*> 
ros tvsMSBL [L. corrostv$Ut\ 

OamokK kor'rOO-i;^ v.t, towrinhleot draw into 
folds by contracting or presring together \—Pr^ 
cor'rllg^Uing ; /«/. corrOgited. [L. cor, inten- 
sive, n^, mgatns, to wrinkle — mga, a wrinkle.] 

estragaal korVoo-gant, adj. able to coatiact into 

eoRvcMloa, kor-rOO-gi'shun, «., tho act of wrink' 
ling or being wrinkled ; a wrinkle. 

Oocrapl, kor-mpf, v.t. lit to break to pieces; to 
make putrid ; to defile ; to debase ; to bribe. 
— v.i. to rot; to lose purit^r :—/»'•/• corrupdng; 
/«.>. corrupc^ed. a<(f. putnd ; depraved : oefilM ; 
not genuine ; full of enors.— «<Ar. escraptly.— «#. 
oetrupt^Ms^ •ompl'sr. fl* cor, intensive, and 
rum^o, ru^tut, to break.] 

SQcnptfhls, Icor-niptl-bl, adj., liabUtobtcomt^tod 
eompruly.— iM. sail ■yllMriKy, sorrapv- 

fllte,flr; m6,hte; nlba; mOte; mOte; mOOn; 

esRapUaa, kor-n^'shun, «., tho act of co rr nptin g^; 

the stete of being corrupted ; rottenness ; putnd 

matter; impurity; bribery. 
es tiapM rs^ kor-rupriv, adj. having the quality of 


Oonsir, kor'sAr, m. lit one who oconrt or nmgei 
the ocean ; a {urate ; a pirate's vessel [Fr. cor^ 
sairo—h. cnrtnt, a runnin g c ur re, to run.] 

Oarss, Oarsslsl, Oorstl. See under OorporaL 

Oortsge^ kor'ttsh, n.. a train of attendants, orig. 
ap^ed only to too court; a procession. [Fr.. 
frcMu It cortoggio, a train, from ^rto, court] 

Oortas, kof'teks, n., tho barh or sldn of a plant ; a 
covering.— «4^* eoi'tleal, pertaining to bark ; ex- 
ternal. [L. cortex, certici*, bork.J 

•ortkata koi'd-kftt, eortleated. kor'ti-kflt^d, a4J, 
fuxxdihed with barh ; resembling bark. 

OetascaH ko-ruslcftt, or kor'-, v.i. to sparkle as by 
shahing; to throw off flashes of h^ht :— /r./. 
corus'cAbnir ; /a.p. canjdcittd.—adj. mrwewi^ 
flashing. [L. coruoco, corutcatut, to shake, ^t- 
te r c o mm . a horn : allied to dr. horuud, to 
^uske the nead, as a bull] 

ko-ruMd'shun, ». a glittering ; sudden 
flash of light 

OsrvetH kor-vet*, n. a small ship of war, next to a 
frigate, carxjringnot more than so guns. [Yt., 
Sp. covbeta^'L. corbita, a slow sailing shq>, firom 
corbis, a basket] 

Oorvlaa ko/vTn, a4f; Pertaittmg to the erom* [I* 
corv inu9 co r vu s, a crow.] 

OomMlls, kos-metlk, adj, lit shilled in omamteni' 





iHf: Wndfying: improring beauty, espedaHy 
llut of the ooa»leaoii.--«. a prepaxatioo used 


order, ornament, the woridj 
. kof'nac, 11— I rill, koz'mik-al, a4/-t rtlmtmg 
to tht world or to the aniverse ; in asirvm., rising 
and setting with the wan.—^fdv. 9edmimaj. 
■aege f , kos-mog'o-ai, n. the adence of (Ao/hr- 
matioH of the mmp e rv e . [Gr. kostmogomia^^ 
kosmoo, mad fonot, a coming into exutenoe— 
gin, root oX gtgM09$tmit to be bom.] 
iM ni wi trt , kosHDog'o-oisC, n,, ono dUUed in coo- 


■BMgrmpliy. koi-mog'ra-fi, n,}a!L a deseH^ioH of 
tkt world; dw acMBce of the constitution of dw 
u ui reT se .--<i. n — in*i B> t i t . [Gr. kotmogra^hia 

Jko smot , and grapk^t to write.] 
OMcraphH Icos-mo-graTHc, i wi n isi l M oal, leos- 
no-graf 'ik-al, mdf.. ^t taming to cosmogn^kf, 
wmti&gt, leos-mol^Ji, «., tka oeienco of tkt wtP- 
vtrto; a treatise on tbe atmctnre anid parts of 
the system of creatioB.— «<(f. eosBMlaglBaL (Or. 
kosmott and iogot, di soouis e- I*g9, to speak.] 

Icos-mofo-jist, m,, one vorsod in cot- 

mop'o-Ut, «. Kl m'ciiiatn^ tkt world; one 
who can malce a home everywhere. — n. mmmo- 
yolHsBli (Gr. hotmoo, md^olitit, a dtiaen— 

MMScaa^ kos-nMMvma, is., « mmv, or a aenaa of 

▼lews, of different parts tkt w o rld , md j' M^ 

I'le. [Gr. hotmott and hormmm, a apeo- 

I, to see.] 
koa'ak, «. fit « rvMvr or Ughi-mmod 
tolditr.—jU. a waiiilce tribe in t]ie cast «m1 
aonthofKoasia. (Ruse. iir«Mcl.] 

Oisl, kost, v./., totttmdmt or amount to in price ; 
to require to be laid out or vaScrtAi-^-fr.^. 
ooat%ig: At./, and /(».>. cost. — m. what is latd 
out, or ninered to obtain anything.—^ ex p enses 
of a lawsuit. (Fk*. cMl/rr, old Fk*. coMttor-' 
L. coHst4trt, Co stand at ca w , and atenr, to 

oostly, kostli, ^J** ^ grtai cott; bigli^oad; 
valuable. — «. eoslrUasm. 

Ooala], koefaL adj., relating to tkt rOt, or to the 
side of tlie body. [L. casta, a rib.] 

•ostate, kotf'tftt, adj.,kavingrtbtt or the appearance 
of riba. 

OostsrmflBfv, ko^t£r>mung-g6r, n. orig. costard- 
monger; a ttUtro/ costards or apples and other 
fruit; an itinerant seller of fruiL [costatd, a 
form of Oastar4, and lloacw.] 

Otsttra, koa'tiv, adj., comti^attd or liainng tlie 
motion of the bowels too slow. — adv* eoswaly. 
— n, miWemma. [It. costi ^i vo L . con, to* 
gether, and sti^, to press closely.] 

Oosfcaaa, kos-tOm'i n, the established emtom or 
manner <^ dreuing prevalent at a particular 
period OS dace ; drass. (Fir. cotttant, ouston^ 
dress, low L. costuma — L. contuetmdo, custom.] 

Ooj kot, OoH hot, n., a tmatldwtll m g ,mooitiagt; 
a small bed ; a stec^nag-idaca oa boiurd ship ; an 
enclosure forshaep or cattle. [A.S. <»iir;W. cwt.] 

eettsffe, kotHj, n,, a cot; formeriv implied to a hut 
or hovel, now to a small, neat dwelling. 

cottacsr, kot^j-^. m., ont who dwtUs in a eotiagt, 
r, korte, «. same as 



Ootsris^ kO'te-rC, or kot', n. a number of peraoos 
who meet familiarly for social, literary, or otlier 
purposes. M^x.—cott, It qnota, share, con&ibo- 
tioo ; L. fuota, from fttotmt, how many.] 

Ootnioa, OotfUlaa. ko-tifyua, ««. lit « petticoat ; a 
brisk dance by eight persona. [Fr.--<»/llr, a pett^ 
coat, low U cotta, a taaic.] aee Ooali 
See under CMb 

Oettoa, kot'n, «. a soft aobatanoe fike fbe wool, 
got from the pods of the oocton-^plaat; doth made 
of cotton. vtt.coton:Ai.qoton.^ 

(MytoioB, kot-i-le'don, is. the seed-lobe or nr/- 
skap^ leaf wfaidi nourishes the seed of a plant. 

[Gr. kotjdfdBn — hotyti, a cu^ 
rtytsdenoas, kot-i-l€^(k)o-ns, 
kaving cotyltdotu or seed 


^^9 w ^^vvvVv^w^^ w^r ^^a 

koudi, vJ., to lay down on a bed, ftc; to 
arrange in language, to express; to depress or 
remove a cat a ract m the eye.— o.£ to he down 
for the purpose (Asleep, concealment, ftc ; to bend 
or txooo m reverence :—^^. couching: >a.>. 
couched'. [FV. conoker, to by or lie dovrn ; cad 
Fr. colcktr. It colcaro—l„ ooUocare, to lay, to 
}Aajot-—col, and locus, a place.] — Ooodi a ipsar, to 
fiz it in its rest at the side of the armour. 

eeadi, koudi, n. any place for rest or sleep ; a bed. 

soaehant, koudi'ant, adj., coneking or lyug down 
with the head raised. (Fr., pr.p. tfieoucher.\ 

ChNi0, kof^ n, an effort of the hmgs to throw off 
injurious matter, accompanied by a harsh sound, 
proceeding from the throat — vd. to make tliis 
effort — vJ. to ejq)d from the tlutMt or Innsgi 
by a cough i—Pr.p. coughing ; /«.>. oougheo'. 
[Dutch, iaick, a cough, imitative of the sound.] 

OsaM, kood, patt ttntt of CM. (oU E. oond^ 

coutk — ^A.S. cntkt, was able, pa.t of c utm a n, to 
be able. / is inserted from the influenoe otwciUd 


OoaaeU, koun'nl, n., an assttnBfy caUtd t ogt tk er 
for deliberation or advice. (It. coneil e, L. cms- 
, together, and root aU, to catt.] 
r, koun'siMW, m*, a mttnhtr ^a couneiL 

OenassI, koun'sel, «., con sultati o n ; defiberation; 
advice ; plan ; purpose ; one who gives counsd, 
a barrister or advocate.— e^./. to grve advice ; to 

i^-^^.ooun'seUine :>*.>. cotm'aetted. [Fr. 

koim'ael-or, n., ont wko c o t mo e ls; m 

. konnt, N. fit ont wkogooe witk a n otkt r a 
companion of a prince ; on the c o nt i nen t , a title 
of nobility equal in rank to an English eari. — 
jTtm, mmUfma, the wife of a co $m t or earL [F^. 
comtt, from L. comtt, cotnitis, a companion— 
con, with, and to, itusn, to ga] 
Bva^Tt Kounn, m. ong. tmt proennct f^uea oy a 
count; a portion of a country sqwrated for 
pupoaes con n ected with tho administratioa of 
justue; aahire. 

kount, v.t., to compute, number, sum up ; 
to ascribe ; esteem ; consider. — v.i, to add to or 
increase a number by being counted to it ; to 
depend ; /r /. coontlxig ; ptup, count'ed.— «. act 
ol'numbermg ; the numbier counted ; a particular 
charge in an indictment (Fk-. con^ttr. It con^ 
tare, I*, computare. See Oosspata.] 

', kount'Ar, n,, kt wko, or that which, counts ; 

I'dS-us, OotMiporafy, eo«Bt«r,kount'«r,ii.,JlrfBi4 
^; mSyblr; sOne; mOte; mOte; mOOo; Men. 


mp fl ct pcfionncci or wonuo oy mugtutf dcpftit 

iag Che body mad Dending tfie knees.— v./. to 

make a courtesy :—/r.>. cu mt ^e sji ng ; /«.>. 

iBsitMie, HHiMwie, lantfe-tan, n. orig. m/olUwer 

g^Mr court; a fanhionaMe prostitute. 
Mvltsr, kOfft'yir, »., mi# vahafrtquenU court* or 

palaces : ooe who courts or flatters. 
•outtF, kOrtHi, «tdj. hsTuig maimen Ukt those of 

a court; of imposing manner; eleymt' 

so«r»«artlal, kOrt-mfli'sha], w., « owff heM by 
oflScen of the armjf or navy for the trial of 
offences against nulitary or naval laws.— /A 

V, kOrt'plas-tfa-j «. stidung/2iu/rr made 
(^ nDe, with some adhesive substance on one side, 
ssirtifclp, kOrt'ship, n., tk* tut 0/ courtmg or 
wooing with intention to marry. 

Osiihi, kuz'n, m., otu related more remotely than 
a brother or tutor; the son or daughter of an 
tmde or aunt. [Fr. — L. cotuoMtuio—<omf ng. 
connection, and soMuut for sorvriuta, aj^ied 
to the children of sisters— ^^rvr, a sister.] 

Cvf, kOv, n,, a cave or koUom place; a small inlet 
of the sea; a bay.— «'./. to overarch, and thus 
form a hollow:—^./. cOvlng; /«.>. cOved'. 
^S. «/a. . »«. U ««.^«,. holW.] 

Oovwaat, kuv'e-nant, «. lit. « conveni^vt meeting 
iogetkier; a mutual agreement to do a certam 
thtng ; the vrriting containing the agreemenL — 
v.i, to enter into an agreement ; to contract or 
bargain :— 3^./. cov^enanting ; /«.>. cov'enanted. 
[Fr., from jL cou, together, sjm veniot to come.] 

sev«aBt«r, kuv-e*nant%r, n., one who covenants; 
one who signed the Scottish National Covenant 
of X638. 

Ooffir, kuv'fa', v.t, to^rwadoverv>%% to conceal ; 
to hide; to clothe; to shelter; to brood or sit 
00 ; to be sufficient for, as to cover expense \ — 
pr.p. ooVering ; Pa.p,, cov'ered. — n, that which 
covers or protects; in kuntutg, the retreat of 
a fox or nare. [Fr. couvrir. It coprire — L. 
coo ^ e rir e co n ^ and oporiot to cover.] 

sevwiag; kuVte-ing, n,, any thing that cover* or 

oeverist, kuv'ir-let, «»., a ^A^OMvr. [Fr. couvre-ltt, 
from couvre, and iit, L. lectum, a bed.) 

9ana\ kuV^rt, adj., covered; concealed; secret 
— n. a place that covers or aJTords protection. 

•sverlljr, kuv'tet'li, adw, in a covered ct concealed 

esvs rtar s, kuVfa'-tOr, n,, coveringg shelter, defence ; 
in latdt the condition of a mamed woman. 

Osvfll^ kuv'et, v.t. or v.<l| to de*ire or wish for 
eageriv; to wish for what is uiUawful ^— /r^. 
coretmg ; Ai.>. co/eted. [old Fr. covoitor ;_ It 
cnUtare—L, o^idtUf desirous— <a(^, to deure : 
or low L. convotare—votum, a wish.] 
•svslabls, kuv'et-a-bl, ad/., that may be coveted, 
stTttew, kuv'et-us, a^'. inordinately deeirou*; 
avariciotia. ndv. eorslouly. — «. oortloisasBB. 

Owsy, kuVi. ««., a hvod or hatch of birds ; a small 
flock of birds— said of game. [Tr, couv^e—cotivit 
pa.I>. of couver, to hatch— L. nwfo, to lie down.] 

Oow, kow, n. the female of the buU. [A.S. cu; 
Ger. kuh; Sans, /v: from its cry.^ 

sew pea, kotZ-poks, if. a disease which appears in 
pox or pimples on the teats of the coWf the 
aaatter mm. which is used for ^-"— 


Mwrily^ kow'slip, n. a species of primrose which 
i^^ious early m qmng in moist places, [prob. 
a c o rr u p ti on ^cow* leeh.\ 

Osw, kow, v.t., to eubdne, heep under; to dis- 
hearten :—/r.>. cowW; pa'p. cowed'. [Sw. 
ktf/wa. Din. hue, to subdue, to keep under.] 

Ooward, koVard, »., ono who turn* tail; one 
without courage. [Fr.conafd—aUdFr.couarder, 
to retire — L. cauda, a taiL) 

•sward, kow'ard^ eowardly, koVard-Ii, adj. afraid 
of danger; timid; mean. — adv. cov'ardlj. — «s. 

eowarilfls^ kow'ard-is, m. want of courage ; timidity. 

Oowsr, kow'te, v.i. lit to sit in a comer: to sink 
down, generally throuch fear ; to crouch l—Pr.p, 
con/txmgi/a.p. cow^ered. [W. cwtian cwr, 
a comer; Cer. hanchen, hauen. to squat, firom 
haUf a narrow confined place, a hut] 

Oowl, koni, K., a cap or hood; a moidc's hood ; a 
cover for a chimner. [A.S. cngU. cnhie; W. 
cw/l; It cucuUo; L. cncni/us, hood.] 

eewlsd, kowld, a^/., we a r ing ' a cowl, 

Oowiy, koVri, n, a small shell used as money ia 
the E. Indies and in Africa. [Hind, hattri.} 
See under Oo^ 

Osy, koy, adj. lit ^uiet; modest ; bashful ; shy.— 
adv. voftf.—n, tafmmn. [Fr. cot; It cheto, from 
I^ guietu*. quiet.] [—n. co/lrtinssa. 

•eylsh, koylih, iufy'., eomewhaicoy.—adv. mfiaiblf. 

Oom, kox, n. a contraction of Ooasla. 

Ooen.kus'n, v.t., totalhwith, tocare**; to flatter ; 

to cheat i—pr.p. coz'ening ; pa. p. cox'ened. [Ger. 

ho*en, to talk, caress, make love ; allied to Fr. 

canter, to talk with.]— #r. cos'sasr. [deceit 

eoatasffs, kus'n-flj, n., the practice 0/ cheating; 
9tmr. kOrn, adj. chatty : snug ; comfortable.— <i^. 

eosUj. [Prob. akin to Ooasa.] 
Chab^ krab, n. a common shell-fish having ten leffS, 

the front pair terminating in claws ; a sign in the 

zodiac IA.S. crahha, from Sans, grahh, to 

seixe, or from A.S. creopan, to creep. j 

Chab^ krab, adj'., acrid; sour; rough ; austere. — «. 

a wild bitter apple. [W. garw, Gael gurbh, 

Ger. herb, L. acerbn*, sour. See AewUty.] 
erabbsd, krab'ed. adj., *our-tempered ; ill-natured; 

peevish; harsn; rough; difficult, perplexing.— 

adv, erabb'sdly. — n. crabb'sdassa 

Crack, krak^ n., a tudden tharp splitting tottnd; a 
chink ; a flaw. — v.i. to utter a sharp sudden soimd ; 
to q>lit — v.t. to produce a sudden poise ; to break 
into chinks ; to split ; to break partially or wholly ; 
to disorder '.—Pr.p. craddng \Pa.p. cracked'. [Fr. 
crac; Dutch, ^^roA; GaeLcMO^ ; from the sound.1 

eraoksr. krak'^r, n. the person or thing wfuck 
cracmt; a noisy firework ; a hard biscuit 

eraekK krak'l, v.i. to give out tlight bnt/reqneni 

_ ; /0.^. cradcled. 
e^aekasl, krak'nel, n. a hard, onttle biscuit 

crachtl—pr.p, cradrUng ; /«.>. cradcl 

Oradls, krft'dl. n, lit a tmallcratej a bed or crib in 
which children axe rocked : fig. infancy : a frame 
in which anything is imbedded ; a case for a 
brdcen limb ; a firaune under a ship for laundi- 
ing \l.—v.t. to lay or rock in a cradle :—;^.>. 
cril'dling;>a./. cril'dled. {K.S.cradol, OiaL 
creathail: akin to L. craticula, dim. oicratet, a 
crate. See Orala.] 

<kafl, krafL u. power of griming, witting, or com^ 
prehendtng; strength ; ability ; cunmng ; dex- 
terity ; art ; trade : small ships. [A.S. cra^ 

(kr : m€, hte: mTne ; mOte ; mate ; mOOn ; thttu. 

de«itfuL — mJtr. tf^n^l^. — N, ■nn^^Bi^ 
■ ift^ii, knftk'wi, I*., tfitf enlaced inacrt^flta 

lk^i[iw,iB.,dnv4; bnngfaiitcep rock or point ; 

- *" arwJt.] 

Ikaka. krtkt OH^mka, n. the laDdrai], a miffTntory 
Unl, vhich IjTCA niuch vnonf [nHj c«ii, &c. » 

er>B, knn, r.'. lit. tt irwm Ifittiir; h nu> 
down : tattuff: to £11 to uperflnity.— e.i. to eat 
imlDT: to •nilT;— /»> crammlnf; /ajl. 
rnBDitd'. [A.S. rramtmiaH ! Ice. trami, fnt- 
tart ; Dan. irammi, lo crumple, cnuh.] 

iM£: t, pAtfiful ipasmodic < — " — ^ ' *'-" 

li-aL, adi.,*tftaauttg to Mr 

„, -rl-HM/o-jt ■- lit. a i(mc<~i 

erwmimH : the Audr of ikuUi ; phreDolon. 

ch. (Dutch, :(rMf ; 
rl, twut, bend.1 
:k1,BtaU*, kiiniVl, 

fat«Bipei«»et — «i^'. 


d of thijIEt breakinf » o 

Mng'&I,<t(if bf ralliiiB—E.L Id make 1 DoiH aa 
of L*C|« faiUiv BD^ Ireakinf -.—/r.*. crath'iDI : 
/a./.o^lhadTfJaiDwd fromlEt (ousd.) 5« C*^ 

tractioD oftwojo^binu>ooeloQ£vo*d,orinta 
a dijAthons- LQt^ tT^Jil — krrmnn^mi, to mut.] 
' — , kru, A^',/riL4p!hi^; cause. [L.CTiufaif, 

long lor:--/r./. crAv^g : >d.>. cilTed'! [A.S. 

fn^rfdM, (a uk ; W- crf/V, tDcry^tD hc| eaniutly.] 
eravlBt, kilr'ing, n., a vrArmmt dain, 
0»n% krAv'D, Jt., tfiv m<rfA»tB« or Taoquitbed i 

a mwd ; a ipiriLleil fetlow. — tn^\ cowardly i 

i^ :/-■>- 

„, ~ - pmdl made td cktIA or [ 
luily coloured, UKd for drawing 
ue vilh cnyQai.-^v.t, to tkctch 
10 ikclch or Jilan. [Fr. craycKt—c: 
n L. cnta, CmOa eailh. chalk.l 
r.*.. ticntikenbrtmkl la weaken 


T°crifih| thatLer; Dan. kriut, 
kraaa, tagriod.) 

kaak,krtk,i-.i. to make a tharp. fniciiv, P"iDS 
Mn^ ai Ufa hingE. &e. •.—fr-t- creak'ing \ ta,f. 
tnaked'. [old Fr. tn^iwr; A.S.™ — '— ■' — 


trim*; It crtma: L. crtmor: Ice. y.--^-,,. 
amedtoA.S.andSootfv»Mi,Ger. nOM.! \ 

nstunnr or throagfa fear ; ooward-lookjkg. * • * 
wmmt. krtail, adj.JkU ^m like «rt»ic S iunev 
ing like ciwm.-*. ereMi^tae-. .• \^ ^^ * 

ONm*. kret,ff.,« wrinkU or iiuut<cacir«« Is mado 
by folding.— 9./. to waak^^pn^h in anything : 
-^> Cf«asring;/&i.>tr<%Mid«. [Bret..*r&. a 
wnnUe, Gcr. kraut,^aigp ^ akin to L. cru^.j 

OnaUf kr€^f, v./., iiv »l^; to Wng ii^ being 
or form out of*nolhing: to beget; to ionn; to 
invest witlra new form, office, or character; to 
Vrodacr'^J.^crUfrtng; /*>. crWUf^ [L. 
cr^ e^Mtri Gr. kniba, .to accompbsta, to 
folfiI;Saas.Mtomake.] ^ 
rfMlMk iM^'shan, n,, iha met o/ettoHng, e». the 

* ittr ttihe : that lAatik is cretled, the world, the 
.* '. 'i&iTerse. tL. ermiU.I 

krS-ftor, ««.*, A« fnAtf eremUt; a maker.— 
Mttiar. die Supreme Beinf , Ood. 

tO^ ««., ilta/«wr Jims Um ermUtd. 
fttiiwiMte or mammate; esp. every amssated 
being, an ff n'«n#*, a man, a brute ; a term of coo- 
tempt or endearment ; one who owes his position 
in society to another; a dependant. [L>mM/ami.] 

CkesC krid, n. that which b ertJiUd ot beOtved: 
asiunmaryofthe articles of r^gious belief. [A.S. 
ertda, from U ertdm, I believe, the first word of 
the ApootW deed; akin to Sans, crmi, faith.) 

OTtmiib krCdens, ««., htiiifl tmat ; that which 
givesachdmtoDeliefortnist [^om'L.crtdemiia 
^-crmUm, €rtdmti$, believing, pr.p. of «r«i^] 

ersdeat, kre'dent, «C^., mnrfSO^ or believing ; easy 
<tf bdief : havmg credit. 

wsimllsl, kr^dcfl^hal, mdj.^gjwimf mtUUU heUtf 
or credit. — m. that which entitln to credit or 
confidence.— >iL esp. the letters by which any one 
daims confidence or authority amonc strangers. 

srtdlMe, kred^i-bl, adj. that may be believed.— «r. 
ere^Mnty, sred TM e a sss, nd v, ersttbly. 

STCdlli kred'it, is., htlufi esteem ; reputation ; hoi»> 
our: good character; belief in one's pecuniary 
abihty : sale on trust ; time allowed for payment; 
money or goods due : the side of an account on 
which payments received are entered.— p./. to 
btUntl to trust ; to sell or lend to on trust : to 
enter on the'credit side of an account ; to set to 
the credit ^>-fr.p. cred'tting; /«./. credited. 
[L. crtdiha—crtdo^ 

etsiilaMs, kredlt-a-U, mdj,, worthy of eredii or 
belief; trustworthy; bringing credit or hoooor. 
■ <g. srsvitaaisatss.— 4MnF. erte naoiy. 

srsiller, kredlt-or, «., om wko crtdUt or trusts; hi 
commorto, one to whom a debt is doe. 

ersdatoM^ kred'04us. mdf., tm$^ of beli^; apt to 
believe without suffiaent evidence; unsnspect. 

orstfaUty. kroKlQli-ti, iv., crodttlomtnoss ; disposition 
to beUeve on insufficient evidence. 

Crtsk, kr€k, «., m Bond or conur: a small Uilet or 
bay of the sea or a river ; any turn or windins. 
[A.S. crtccm ,- D. krttk: Ice. kryki^ a corner.] 

eris k y. krCkl, mdj.^jnll^cruks; winding. 

Cnop, krCp, v.u to move on the belly, like a snake ; 
to move slowly ; to grow along the ground or on 
supports, as a vine ; to fiiwn :— /r./. creep'ing ; 
>»./. and/«.>. orept [A.S. a^t^mn; Ijut», 
kmiptn; L. repo; Gr. mtrf9; Sanis. trip:i 

ens^, krCp'^, m.^ m^orton or thing thmicrtopol 
'ttk instnnnent with iron hooks for dragging the 
> bottom of a river, ftc; a creeping plant; a genua 
of small f limbing birdfc 

Ofsmsyiw, krfrmA'shun, »., met of htrtdttg, esp^ oi 
the dead. [L. crtmmtio, from crwmo, to bom.] 

Ckeauma, krft-mO'na, u, a superior kind of violia 
made at Ctwm mt m in Italy. 

C^nate, kxCnlt, ONnats«. kr«rnit.ed, mdf. in M,. 
having the edge motehed, [L. crtmm, a notch.] 

O sne l a t sd, kre-nel-At'ed, md/, fiimished with cnem^ 
eltos or notches in a parapet to fire through ; 
indented; battkmented. [Fr* eremiior, to in- 
dent— L. crottOt a notch.] 

(frsols^ krfOl, n. properiy, {m kuUvidnal lorn in tho 
coontnr, bat m a race not native to it ; nsoall v 
applied to an inhabitant of S. America er W. 
ladiesbomin theooontry andof pure Eoropean 
blood. iTt,erMo:S^criolU,cooSt,tnfUkerut' 
ditto, dim. citrimdm—<rimr, L. ermro, to create.] 

CNsseK krCo-eOt, Ot sss H il krC'a.sat, «. an oily, 
colourless liquid distilled from wood-tar, and 
having the quality of frooorvingfloth (nm cor- 
ruption. (Gr. kruu, koHt, fleah« and aftfr, n 
preserver, from Jis#, to save.] 

ONfltate, lonepd-tit, v.£, to crmcJUt, as salt when 
suddenly hnited:—^.>. crepltttii^g:^!./. crepf*- 
itited. [L. crtfito. crtfitaiu$^ frequentative of 
<r«/9, to crack, rattle.] [repeated snapping noise. 

•repltstkn, kxep-i-t&'shun, «., actofcrrfitating: a 

Orspt, krept, /a./, and >§.>. of Oresp. 

Orapaseals, kr6-pus1cQl, Gkepesele, kre-pusl, «., twi- 
light. (L. cre^usculum^-crtptr^ duucy, obscure.] 

crspusevlar, krC-puSlcfl-lar, esepasealees. krC-pus^ 
kO-lus, adj., ^ot^ertmi$nng to twUtghi, 

Ortaeeat, krn'ent, adj.. incrrmsimg,—n. the moon as 
she mcrvMyr towards half moon: afigure like tho 
crescent moon, as that on the Turkish standard; 
the standard itself; the Turkish power : a ranse 
of buildings in the form of a crescent [L. 
crescefu, crescentis, pr.p. otarscOf to grow.] 

cnsesodo, kres^en'dO, mdv, with an imcreakt^ 
volume of sound, a musical term whose sign is •< 

Oram, kres, m. the name of several nedes of blantt 
like the water-cress, which grow m moist pnces^ 
and have pungent leaves used as a salad. [A.S. 
cruta ; Ger. krosso ; Fr. enssom; akin to L. cmco.] 

Or s a wt , kres'et f*-t ' cnuo. jar, or open laaop filled 
with combustible m a t e rul, placed on a beacon, 
light-house^ ftc. [Fr. emuot; see Qrsck, Okese.] 

Ortsl^ krest| m. the comb or tuft on the hod of a 
cock ana other birds: a plume of feathen or 
other ornament on the top of a helmet; in 
horaldry, a fi|;ure placed over a coat oi arms. 
— er.#. to furnuh with, or serve for, a crest:— 
/r.>. cresting ;M/- crest'ed. [A.S. crmntmf Tr, 
crits; L. erutoj from the root of crimis, hair.] 

ersst^kOea, krest'-awli^ md/, dejected ; heartless. 

siwllisB, krestles, «4^ff ^mihoui m crmt; not of 

Crelaesees ^ kr6-tI'sfaos, mdj., chmlky ; composed of, 
or like chalk. [L. crttmeotu, from crtta, chalk.] 

Orstia, krCdn, n. one of a class of idiots found in 
deep valley, esp. among the Alps, and generally 
a£licted with goitre. (Fr.,for crvrnie, Prov. cmtmtr 
— L. cor/rwfv, to geld, hence = a deformed man: 
ace to others from chrttiom^ a Christian, because 

* Incapable of sinning, being an idiot.] 

ersllalsm, krCtin-ian, «., m# condiiiom qfm troHm, 

Orsvasse, krevHi^, w., m crack or ^tli^ eqi. applied 

•"- '#^» " - " — -"r** ,—-.—, ™, _ .... 

fi»«. #Xr; mfl;hte; mlkw; aiOte; mOte; mOOn; ikm* 

toBiMlbailKkr. tft- - - 

Innt, rin — L. mf i u t, lo enol^ ouk.] 

cnv, bOC^ ■. , a rrmf « cA«i/ oT peopJa : ■ CUE 
poDT, id ft DKd or coBt e mptaoui icnK ; Kikip' 
OKiuiT. tA_S. cno^. mU, ■ amd or cob 
pu; i W. trtnJ, ■ rooad limp.) Sh am< 

Off«i krW — did CID»— ^«/ ifluri of 0»w. 

OO, krib. a., a uiv!)Hi^>/«fr.- Il 

of 1 luble ; 1 

'1 bed; 

milch w ueil >->>■■/■ cribbing ; >a.>, cribbed'. 

[A.S. cn»; Ga. in/^; OncL fn/. u crouch.) 

■tOMf^ kribtjp ■, ft ffUM Ht cftrdi m which the 

bj trMiMg or uldDC ft^ hb oppment. 
OAMft kiibl, B. ftCDUHionnotiHiw. ued Rit 

U uA or riddle. [L. {Hbtlii^, dim. of criinm, 
m Ben ; codd. inih Smi. Jtri, to Kjsftnle.) 

Mik. kri^ HI. nrig. s imime; > ipiKn oi enmp, 
opflcialW of the veck. rfirotnOnftJt] 

RMuft, knk'et, •., Mr cnclov or crraJHiig buact ; 

(Mffki^ kfik'ci, M. ft fftme muaUT pUyed bj Evo 
opposDcpaitiaof iipcivMUeftch, mih^^u^a 
ban, ud ■ vlekeli oT i iniDipi or lAnri etch,— 

, .. ._-_.... A . TW , «rf, ft ciDok.1 

Tulujaa of tftw; 
Gi. trim; lam 

r Uctinu ; guSly 
tt vllk erimtl lo 

-xmftn, to ihlijllE ; 

3lour, tiond (ritli 

w; From Ar, 
rn-it, Z. ..TK), 

. — , h It ii mvls.] 

IMm^ kiiaj, v.i, toJoarfftocnmchwilhicTTilily; 

to Bibcnii ; to awn j to flftltcr \—*r.t. ^ina^ff ; 

M-f. crlund'. [A.& iT«w», cwm; cdh- 

oected wiiB Vimtk, wak.] 
■rtaiaHic kriaj^ag. jl, ht <iit< eriitiH. 
CMUM bfiiR, d^., *<»y; 1b iti., nembliu a 

tuft of hftir. [L. CTMtAH^ pnnriikd with hau— 

crin^, hair.] 

ori^allT Daila Ukair-eleik, but wv — y— *H 
bv aoopi, Ac (Fr. frn^ Lh frnbT, hair, and 
Un, L. /laun, flu.] 

(MaUa So* Dsder Ikaak. 

<M||*^ kri)/l, a. lit. ■ erttttri a Uma penoiL— 
A^pllaioe. — p.)^ UfmakalaHia; to dflpnve of Lha 
powar of aaartioo -—f^- crinilu., ; >»>. 

CMdh krl'u, ■. lit., ■ MfanHiit, a Jtidimt; pdiit 
or iLiae for deading uTthlaf — i. «., when it imut 
either terminata or take a oew couraa; the 
deanve nomeiit.-/^ IMHa krfiii. IGi.irMl, 
frona 4nM, Sam. JM, to KparataJ 

uiNiilia, kilrf^ii-on, ■., a amiiu oi oandard of 

S'eut; a MKi a lula. [Gr. trttlnm, Irma 
til, ajudg a itr Mj .l 
■UH krii'ik, ■., w vAtfitif " aaamiaa lata 
the mcjit of prDduciionB in litcnture, the &dc 
arti, Ac ; a ftiill-fiader, (Gr. kritOn *r^J.l 
t^HmX, knt^-al, mdj..diMeenui£,Jm^fiit£; ralat. 

Xt aiticijm ; ikilled to judfinc utoanr and 
ptodtictioiiaj d i w-rimin i iin g; accvatai 

to ba eruoibled eaaly ; bviillo. — r.A to om or 
twill; to make wavTl-^./. cjiiplm 1 *M. 
criiped'. — adv. ^i^ltf, — «. slq'a^ [A.S. 

>^. knip'i, iK^'., cwff^orcutlT! brittlfti 

Ikaak. kisk, v.i. to otter a Irw myit j m J a) a 
frog or raTcn; to gnunblc; to forbode eril: — 
/>-.>. cioaklBi; a^ cnakad'.— «. the louDd c< 

lormed of baked day. 
(trgeodlK kroVo-dll. n. a \irgt atophibtoui rnitfl* 

inbabitinB ih* large riven of Aua and A&icB, 

to called Tram in membling a litari. [Fr. i 1. 

erwdibn : Gr. krokadtilM, a lixard.J 
(kan^ kroliiu, a. a geuui of tail)' pluB with 

beautifid flowen, ooa tpecic* of which produce* 

nffnm. [L, cmw ; Gr. *n4H ; GaaL fni4.] 
Ckdt, kiofti ■. a mall awlnatd piecB of aiaUe 

land adknaiai a ODuntrr boua ; a BnaD iarnL 

[A.S. er^! GhL crwil, ft croft.} 
ftlMh. kroola^ii. Ht. m tmJimi a imitbiii 

«toae. fotind in variDni pirta oftha wotHi and 
■uppoHd to ba Hpiikbrea. ^.tramlrcM (rem, 

aUwooBa,'iiiu2lT in coatanpt. lOaeLcnua, 
Smt.tWMiOW.ataUaw.Bnita'Mdmi—.] . 

ata,Oi)B^b*riaiBn: aOtai uBtai MOB) Man. 


Tf krita^ ». ftn old and intunate companion. 

Qtooi, krodk, n, lit wliat it c^tUnuied or lent; a 
hoik; a bend; a staff bent at the end, as a shep- 
henTs or bishop's; an artifice or trick. — v,t. to 
bend or form into a hook; to turn from the 
ttrairiit line or from what is right — v.u to bend 
or be Dent ^-^.>.crook'ing:>a.>. crooked'. fW. 
crof, a hook ; Ice. krmki; Dutc^ kiviU, a fold or 
wnnkle ; connected with ft ench.] 

fioeksi, krook'ed, a4f; bent lUu a crook; not 
straight: deviating from rectitude, perverse. — 
tuh. cieok'edlj. — «. erook'sdasss. 

Okep^ krop« n, lit a rowtdknoh; aU the produce of 
a field 01 grain ; anything gathered or cropped ; 
the craw of a bird.— v./. to cut off the tc^ or 
ends ; to cut short or dose ; to mow, reap, or 
gather :— >r.>. cropp^ing; ^>. cropped'. lA.S. 
cn^; Dutch, m>^ the knob cif the throat; UaeL 
craPt cmap, a knob; W. erob. a round hunch.] 

crop oii^ v.u to appear above the surfrtce; to come 
to light 

Oroqn**, krOlcl, ». a game in whidi two or more 
players tiy to drive wooden balls, by means <^ 
long-handled mallets, through a series of arches 
set m the ground, [t] 
See under 

Olrea^ kros, «., agiUei on which maldacton were 
kaingt consisting of two jneces of timber, one 
placed crosswise on the other^ either thus t or X ; 
the instrument on which Chnst suffered, and thus 
the symbol of the Christian religion : the suffei^ 
ings of Christ ; anything that crosses or thwarts ; 
adveruty or affliction m general: a crossing or 
mixmg of breeds, esp. of cattle. — v,i. to mark wiUi 
a cross: to lay one body or draw one line across 
another: to cancel by drawing cross lines: to pass 
from side to side; to obstruct ; to thwart; to 
interfere with; to perplex.— to lie or be 
athwart; to move or pass from place to place : — 
pr.p. aouTmg; P0^. crossed'. [It croce; Fr. 
croix: "L, erux, ong. an upright post to whidi 
latterly a cross piece was added; conn, with 
Crotk by Gael croam, a hook, crock, hung ; Ir. 
crockaim, to hang, crock, a gallows.] 

from, kros, m^., fyimgmcrou; transvi^rse ; oblique ; 
opposite; adverse; ill-tempered; interchanged. 

ila V- erSMy. « . CrOSSaMSL 

eresSbm, kroslnl, «. a genus of birds resembling 
bullfinches, linnets, ftc. with the mandibles of 
the biU croning wSti. other near the {Mints. 

erossbew, kros^, n. a weapon for shoodng arrows, 
formed of a bow placed crosswise on a stock. 

■rnsi STswIas^ kroshegs-am^. v.t, to test the evi- 
dence of a witness by subjecting him to an ex- 
amination by the opposite party. — «. 

, kroC'-grftnd, «^* , kaving iks gram 
or fibres crossed or intertwmed : perverse ; con- 
trary; untractable. 
erosslBff, kros'ing, m., ttd ff going across; a thwart- 
ing ; a place for passing from one side to the other, 
eroi^st, kroslet, «.. a UttU cross. 

, kros'-kwest-yunfV./.to cross-examinob 
kros'-trez, m, pieces of timber placed 
acrou tne upper end of the lower masts and top- 
masu of a ship. 

pess way, kro<'-wft, «., « way (kai crosses saioliher, 
iusiwts^ kros'wTz, adp., crossways; in the form 
(^across: across. 

rosUTj )uffi!tittt n, a staff surmounted by a crou 
earned before bishops on solemn occasions, [low 
L. crocia — L. crux, a cross.] 


•*}•<•, kx{R>-sld', n, a military expeditioii wider 
we banner of the cross to recover the Holy 
^'^d from the Turks ; any romantic or hop»- 
teM undertaking. [Fr. croisade — croix. a 

eniidsi', krOQ-sSd'te, H^fOtu engaged in a crusade, 

Qretah, kroch. ««. lit « crook or kook; the angle 

formed by the crossing or intersection of two l^s 

or branches. [F^. croc, a hook.] See (kvek. 

erolehei^ kroch'et, is. lit « smaii kook; a npte in 

music, equal to half a minim, | : a crooked or 

pervene fimnr ; a whim or conceit [Fr. crocket, 
diminutive oicroCf a hook.] See OroAet 

CTDtehsC^, kroch'et-i, adj., Moving crotckets or 
peculiarities; whimsiaiL 

Oreton, krO'ton, n, a genus of tro|HcaI plants, pro- 
ducing a browmsh-yellow oil, having a hot biting 
taste. [Gr. krot9n, a tide or mite, which the 
seed of the pUnt resembles.] 

Qeoodtk, kroodi, v,i., to crock or bow ; to squat or 
lie dose to the ground ; to cringe ; to fawn :— 
>r>. crouchlog ;^>. crouched'. \\tx. krokinn, 
crooked, bowed down ; W. crwcan, to bend.] 

Qtoep^ kr(K^ «. lit a croaking koarsetuu; a 
severe disuse in the throat of children, accom- 
panied by a hoarse cough. [Ice. kro^, to cry ; 
Scot ronp, croup, hoarseness : from the sound.] 

Qtoep^ krOOp, n,, a crop os hump: the rump ci a 
fowl : the buttocks oTa horM ; the place behind 
thesaddle. [Fr.m»y#; lt.groppa:\c^gryPpa, 
hunch, hump : allied to Okepc] 

erappv, krup^. n., tke croup; a strap of leather 
fristened to the saddle and passing under the 
horse's tail to keep the saddle m its place. 

erofoplsr, krOO'pi-^, n. one who sits at the croup or 
lower end of the table as assistant-chairman at a 
public dinner; a vice-president ; he who watches 
the cards and collects money at a gaming-table. 

Ckow, krO, n. a large bird, generally bkuJc, which 
utters a croaki$tg sound ; the cry of a cock ; a 
boast ; a larie iron bar or lever with a claw, some- 
what like tke beak rfa crow, also called erowtar. 
— v.^, to croak; to cry as a cock, in joy or defi- 
ance ; to boast ; to swagger :—pr.p, crowding ; 
pa.t. crew (krOO) or crowed': pa^ crowed'. [A.S. 
craw, a crow : from the sound.] 

erowtar, krOldr, n. See under GTow. 

erowfoo^ krO'foot, n, a common weed, the flower 
of which is like a crofufs/oot. 

Crowd, krowd, n. lit a lump; a number of persmu 
or thinn dosdy pressed together, without order : 
the raoble ; multitude. — v.t. to ^gather into a 
himp or crowd ; to fill by pressing or driving 
together ; to encumber by numbers. — v.i. to press 
together in numbers ; to swarm i—Pr.p. crowd'- 
vagi pa.p. crowd'ed. [A.S. creaa, crutk; W. 
ci^ad, a round lump ; Dutch, kruyden, to thrust, 
to push ; connected with Ond, Grew.] 

<k««n, krown. ». lit « circle, something round, a 
garland; Uie diadem or state-cap of royalty; 
regal power : honour ; reward : the top or any- 
thing, esp. of the head : completion : accompUso- 
ment : a ^. piece stamped with a crown, — v»t, to 
cover or mvest with a crown : to invest with royal 
dignity : to adorn ; to dignify : to complete ; to 
perfect i—pr.p. crowning ; /a./, crowned'. [Fr, 
couronne; I*, corona; Ur. kordnl; W. crwn, 
Gael crui$m, round.] 

fwwa glssB, krown'-glas, n. a kind of windoW'^'^SM, 
formed in circular plates or discs. 

\txi mipe; mOte; mOte; m09n; Mao. 

■^MtoOalUrd power >-^^. aSWias: M-f- ' 

eflbeir. [Fr.nK. L.«i»w, Gr. »tiiH, ii£l1 
111 mi I, kBVft-tftr, H., lit ttl of fimliiia ihs loUd 

orWaccoalaUaf&bodT; ths mult Uuu fannd. 
hHi, kDVik, •<|M<^•^ karili-*], s^'., 4m>V Mf 
.^™ 1!^, or IhMi OUT b» or a aauincd in, • 

nil K^. nkbmllT. 

nkUKH, kabl-faim, ^'■, JM Olfirm ff* tuft, 
MtoM. kOb-Did', ««kiW«l. kab-Did'il. a^. raiD- 

UiDfaiWcJaiU/f, {Or. kmimi, ttilM, Unm.] 
DaMV kcrtiil. ■. » DH!u««iiptar«l ^ ■** undenU, 

cqiuJ u lb* lenfth of ih> arm f "■• -" — 

Urge able 
[Did Fr. « 


food brouf hi from At drtt nomufa 
Dg anunal tack into tho DOUlh and 
L (A.S. aid. ■ cud, ■ quid, whii 

V.L, Ucrndtilt werrraJ togetker^ 

cuddlini :>*■/■ cuddled, [pror. 
■Dwd toKclhor 1 See Crowd. 

. [.l-on 


Omi, ki>d]el, H. k faoTT lUffl ■ dub—fr./. to 
b*u Willi ■ cudgel >-/r./. cud'geUini; /a./. 
cud'aeUed fW, vgil—isi, \ piece of woM,] 

0»i«ii< kiKTirid, n. the popuW name for aanj 
ipedee of pUoti covered with n ssittny dovL 
[prokaUT cenupUd from cvJJeit.feevaLJ 

OM kit, ■.. a fMM, oi UMJiJH twin of hab br- 
iktIt wen al Ike back oI Iba hoefl I ■ rod wed 
iapUtiiis bUlwrde. [Pr. fume— L. timda, a laiL] 

Oee, k1^ «. the tan wonfa of es ador't ^wech eoY- 

put one hai » plaj. [freia Ihe letter Q, Inr w'Ucb 
ibe woiili were maiked, eilber the £« letlel of 
L. rwwb, wbcB. or oTf^eA. what (woid)J 

th Ike tnan hand :—^y. cuff Hfig :>»./, 

ew. i(^«, to kaeck, CDoi. wjdi It. 
and &. ttiitkti, Scot. lA^J 

Fr. c«(^, hoad-dieia.] 
^, A a defenfive coveriiw 

a the kilchea. [L. n 


04 kui; s, that pan of a ileen which ia tuned 
back MB, andthuaroraaakiDdoftvoeniv'Air, 
the hand, [probi ' " —■■--■■--■ 

Odia^ kwWai', ai 
for the breen oris, mtm a r v »« 
d/ Inn faiteoed with Itjape aj 
[Ft. rwuH. low U («illi*-I 
lealh_ 1 ft. nrfr.] tnfriui. 

aebaaelK, keH^ru-b', H. * v^ier anW with « 

Odee^ kuTde. s. lit ■ mmMfftr^Ctd; one of 

land. treUnd. and Walea. [au>iT.ori.<7M;tom 
^/i, worthippen of God.] 

or to cookery J ued ia the kiti' 
■niu, boea tMimm, > kiichcn.] 


'''■ Icnl, p.f., U allrct m eaOur lawtOtr; to 
Klecl; topickout:— /r.Acuinnc; /h>.Gul(eir. 
TFr. CMtUlir. 10 ntho— L. i*/£e. to coUact— 
A^ togotber, vtdirt*, to pther^ 

,, trmrtMf ttalh ot 

v,i. la deceive meauly:— ^^ Cufi'ying; /a./, 

Oalia, kulm, n,.lMt . - " - * 

of gnuses. (L. ci 
eeteUnaa kul-niirti-ui, adj., i , 

uemi. IL. tubma, a ualk, andyin, 
Oelwtaale, knl'nuit4i,p.£, fScneiteMtM; tob* 

vertical or at the higaeit puat ef altitude t.— 

fr.f. airmiDlIiiig ; >>./. CI " ' " ' " 

nimiJtfit (roo L. nir — ' 

e Tia!a a liiw , klUHoilt^'lhUB, le., mti 9j atom 
the top or highcaC point ; in mstrttt,. In 

pann of a Dodr acme the mer-'- 

point Tor the dajr- 

fx^fXtk. knl-p-bl, mij., itimrrUrlUmil huJIT, 
diminal.— *fo. a^aUr. (L. n^tafaVii, woithr 
of blune— »^, to blune— oiMt. a fault.) 

(itpatOHr, kul;pa-bi]'i-d, •UpaUeaeB, ksl'pa-hl-Del, 
it.,iUU4f(mrciilfmili: liabilitT toblune. 

eatorU, kuTFcil. k, am aiffaUi w im jkallj a 

□at tried, (prob- for n/^A from a lut^oeed aid 
E. verb tt ntltt, oU Fr. ciiiftr~-l^ ctdfa, ■ 
1au!i : or for cvjpai, from old law L. ndftttm. ■ 

Oslttvate, kufti-vlt, r.L, l» till tx produce by 
tiUa^ ; to prepare for crope . lo devote aiteolieei 
to ; to civiliK or nline i—fr.*. cul'tivlliae \ fa-f. 
cul'Iivated.~-<i. aaltlTaliT. ^w U aiitiv, cui- 
InmlioH L alt, cnilum, to tilLI 

ealUvatli^ kijI-ti-vl>kuD, ■., (A< art , ait, or piao- 

ealtBr% InirtOr, m.,£ultiomtiam; the itate af betns 

of cultivation. — w.f. to cultivate j loimirove>^ 
/r.f. cuftOniig ; >■-/. curHlied. [I.. cmllKra.l 
OUkrale, kurmi. adj. ihaped iiki m aidlir DC 
pruuiag-knife. (U CtilSraliit—culUr, pIoush> 

Oitver, kufvir. >•., a .J°«. [A.S.fl^n.1 

OiBla, oemml^ kum'to, ■. * plant, dia aeed) of 

' "TiB^UrtnlMtaHsinUe; i 

ft ksalns, m-U^ . ., 


cap^. (Ft. CM/W, It.C4*M A.S. (ifiyia.Cn. 

*^, ■ fsp, tha head ; L. ofM, <*>¥>. * tuli-l 
«fbHi4. ksp-berd, or kob'bind, ■., ■ rrctflarli 

/*r em^ ,- A pUcc ior kwepiDt TJenall, dithct, 

Ac |0a», uid A.S.i)ir, abewci, nap<KleO 
OMjUVid, 11. tlH cod of Ion. [L. Cu/iJi— 

njU>T, U-t^'i-^ tt.,r*riritttnfir; a 
ncM ; Int alta. [U nfUiUu—nHlta- 


Od, kur, ■.., ui m m n Jew ; ^At^munUn iog-hua 
dou-tncdiiii j 1 churliik rsUmr. IDntcli, kmm, 
W> cpr, m dwvf, uiydung mull of its kivLJ 
DBtbK DBBQ, CoaM Ac 5h nndn Ov« 
c«r^ ktu^ B.tL, liL to fl<m or bW,- U> bod Id 
Doe'i will ; u nbdw ; ts nctniii w cbaek : lo 
foroulk w^oTfuidftbvacvEb;— 3^^j^ curVipg: 
^. ^ — ■ — r T. .1... _vi,h nuli ; acbccL u 

L tFt. a 

>. thit wUch CO 

madnoce ; ft clulia v Ajip i 

of > faridla for ianimii« tbs 

*tr, [mm L. nnf— rvm, crod^ 
■rb-CUa*, knrb'-slODt fL K JJ!0iv placM vdgfinTl 
■cuiut anh« Roiie-werk Ir^rmHtiUgmHe 

, Ufit-tiv, a^^, nliAV U O* am al 

— ._ i. _.k "» *««<«« of my. 

— ^oled br law 

OBtm, kWRI, H. Ul ctBtrJIrt! \a. fewbl tima 
Ihe ilii(iiig of > ben il S iVdark, u ■ Bgiul lo 
(mporiiuteuliU^ruuidliEku. [IV. cnmv- 
/fa^ from nmrir, ta corer. txAJtn, £nj 

OKlattT, OBtM. SHimdnOBL 

Oail, kuH, f./. to twial into libjileu 1 toccjl. — v-L 

to wrilh* : to i^pk* 1 io play at Ib« aung of 
cuilin.;-*-^ curnag:/«> enriod*:-* ■ 
hngtel of Mjr, or what u liko it r a wave, befld- 
Ing, or twiAL [ong. tmU; DutdEii knUltn, Don. 
:tni/&, to curl.] [■■Tlawi. 

MElT. kur1Ld</.. A«vfv '■'^•' (bD of cnfh.— <•. 

mUa*. kucHuij: n. a aaiB*, goibiidb b ScoUuDd, 

of ict, liu playiDf at bovli. 
OuAlim, kni'll^ a. aw of tk* wwHi^blrda )HI>in| 
a >try lony alcDder bOL and legi, BAd a tkort Eail. 
[Fr. ariitm; prokablj Irom lu cry.] 

mber: old E. ■ 
nt, a. Ut. a Ct, 

aaveral [vdoD ihmka, 

[from Ciriittk, In Gn««.J 
litnal, kur'nut, o^., nonf . , . . 
luff &01B pcTW to p«noa i gtomlly 


r, km'ri-^, n,, cm* who currits or ditMOt 
tanned loatber. 

OvM, ktm, v.L to broke or wiih evil upon, by the 
sign of the ryvwf; to devote to perdttioo; to vex or 
torment. — v.i. to utter imprecations ; to swear: 
-^fr.p. cursing ; /«.>. cursed'. — n. the invoca- 
tion or wishing of evil or harm upon ; evil in vdced 
on another : tonncnt— «. em'er. [A.S. cursum^ 
eortia n <ur t, a curse; firom root of (kwa] ^ 

i Ms s l kurs'ed, adj,, wuUr a curu; deserving a 
cune ; blasted 1^ a cuise ; hatefiiL 

OvilTe, Ovssfy. See under Oomal 

Ont^ hurt, adj.. tMort; coaoMc—adv. eart^.— 

M, enf asss. [L. curtut, shortened ; Sans, krii, 

to cut, sepamte.] 
tartatl. kur-tll', v.t., toatisk^frt; to cut off a part; 

to abridge >~fr.^. curtailing ; /«•>. curtailed'. 

[Fr. cpurtt L. curtus, and Fr. tauter^ to cut] 

Oortala, ku/tin, n. lit. that which enclouMot/orm* 
acourt; a hannng cloth used to hang round and 
enclose a bed, &c : the part of a rampart between 
two basrions. — v.t. to enclose, or furnish with 
curtains '.—fr.p. cui'taining ; /«.>. cui'tained. 
[Fr. courtmti low L. cprtiMm; from L. con, 
certit, a place enclosed, a court.] 

Ovtsf, kurt'sL Same as OovtMj. 

Ows, kurv, adj., erooktd; btni round. — n. anv- 
thing bent ; a bent line ; an arch. — v.t., to bend; 
to form into a curve \—fr.p. curv'ing ; /«.>. and 
adj, curved'. (L. curvui\ 

sanratod, kui^vft^ted, etdj., curvedot bent in a regu- 
lar form. [Lh curvo, cnrvatMS, to bend.^ 

•wators. kui^va-tOr, «., a curving' or bending"; the 
continual bending or the amount of bending from 
a straight line. (L. cnrrMUttra.) 

•arvet, kur/et, m. a certain leap of a hone in 
which he ^ves his body a cmrve; a leap or 
frolic. — v.t. to leap in curvets ; to leap ; to msk : 
— /r,/. curVetin^ ; /a./, cur/eted. 

canrlUasar, kur-vi-Unl-ar, earviUBsat, kur-vi-lin^-al, 
adj., /ertaintng to or bounded l^ curved Unet, 
[L. cunm$, ana Unea, a line.] 

Oishat» koosh'at, «. the ring-dove or wood-pigeon. 
[{H-ov. E. cewshot; A.S. cusceote.) 

Ooidflap koosh'un, m. a case filled %rith some soft, 
elastic stuff, for resting on ; a pillow.— c./. to seat 
on or furnish with a cushion i—/r./. cush'i<ming; 
/«.>. cushioned. [Fr. cotutm, IL ct$sci$$o, from 
L. cnlcitmumt dim. ciculcita, mattress.] 

Oi9» l(usp, «., anoint; the point or horn of the 

moon, ac. [L. cutpis, a point] 
caspl4sU, kus'pi-dlt. easpldalsd, kus'pi-dSt-ed, a4f\ 

in bot.t having a uarp end or point, [L. attpi' 


Outaid, kus'tard, n. a composidon of milk, ^gk 
&c sweetened and flavoured. [W. cwstara, 
from tfcnvr, cheese, curd ; L. catett*. cheese.] 

eastsrd^tppls, kus^tard-ap'pl. «., tho/rmt of a W. 
Indian tree, having an eatable pulp, /ftl^ana/^sn/. 

Oastedy, kus'tO-di, m., a watching or gnardin^; 
care; security; imprisonment [L. custodta, 
from ciutot, custodis, a watcher or keeper.] 

eastodial, kus-tO'di-al, adj., pertaimng to custody. 

evstedlsa, kus-tO'di-an, n,, one who has custody or 
care, especially of some public building. 

Oastom, kus'tum, n. what one is eucustomed to do ; 
usage ; frequent repetition of the same act ; the 
act or habit repeated : a frequenting of a shop to 
buy goods ; regular trade or business : a tax on 
goods.^^ duties imoosed on imports and ex- 


porta. IFr.couhame; It costume; I* eomntetudo 
"domsuesco, consuetum, to accustom.] 

m^tmuf, kitt'tum-ar-i, adj., according to or estab- 
lished by custom; holding or held 1^ cu s t om.— 
adv. tmdtnmtittf.—n. ■■rtnmiilnsi 

ntttmmr, kus'tum-te. m., oneaccustomedto frequent 
a certain |dace of buoaess; a buyer. 

CMloM^MMs, kmCtum-hous, n, the place where 
customs or duties on e x port s and imports are 
collected, and vessels are entered and cleared. 

<ML kut, v.t. to make an indsioo ; to deave or pass 
through ; to divide ; to carve or hew : to wound 
or hurt; to affect deeply: to castrate.— to 
divide or pass through; to be severed:—^./, 
cutting : pa.t. and y«.>. cut—*., a little piece 
or what is cut off; the act of cutting: a stroke or 
blow ; a cleft ; a wound : an engraved blodc, or 
the picture from it: a short or near passage: 
manner of cutting ; form or fashion. [W. cwta, 
Axon. cwtt,aL little piece ; Ir. cutaich, to curtaiLj 

evMsr, kut'^ m., the person or thing that cuts: a 
fnmt cutting tootn; a small swift vessel with 
one mast and shaip bows that cut the water. 

eatllaffj kutln^ n., a dtviding or lopping off; an 
incision ; apiece cut off ; a twig. 

ed-watw, kutWw-tte, n, the fore part of a ship's 
prow that cuts the water. 

Orticls, kfi'ti-kl, n., the shin; the outermost or thin 
skin. [L. cuticula, dim. <d cutis, the skin.] 

-, ka-tl'n€-us, euf/., belongmg to the shift. 
_ IcQ-tik'a-lar, adjf., belongit$g to the cuticle, 

OaUsm^ kutlas, «. lit « small hntfe; a broad curv- 
ing sword with one edge. [Fr. coutelas, from L. 
cultelluSj dim. oiculter, a ploughshare, a knife.] 
rUn; kutlirj n., one who mahes or selu hnives, 
[Fr. coutelter, from root of Oatlass.] 

ealUry, kutH^-i, n., the busineu of a cutler; edged 
or cutting instruments in genend. 

OaUsk, kutlet, n. lit a UttU rib;x slice of meat 
cut off for cooking, eqx of mutton or veaL [Fr. 
cotelette, dim. ofcdte, from L. costa, a rib.] 

Oafetto, kuth, Oatlle-flA, kutl-fish, n. a mollusc with 
an oblong, depressed, sack-like body containing a 
hni/e4ihe bone, and remarkable for its ppwet of 
surrounding itself with a Uack inky liquid, from 
which sepia is made. [A.S. cudele; W. gylleU; 
Fr. couteau, a knife.] 

Oyds, sfkl, M. lit a circle^ an interval of time in 
which events re-occur m a certain order; an 
imaginary circle or orbit in the heavens. [Gr. 
hyklos, a circle.] 

ey^e, slldik, syelleal, sTidik-ol, adj., pertaining to 
w containing a cycle. 

tjtUUL, sTldoid, «.- a figure lihe a circle; a curve 
made by a point in a drcle, when the circle is 
rolled alonff a straight line.— 4u(f. eyelold'aL [Gr. 
Jhhlos, and eidos, form.] 

•yewmetry,si-klom'et-ri, n., artofmeaturingcycUt 
or circles. [Gr. hyhlos, and metron^ a measure.] 

eyeloMy sfklOn, n. a circular or rotatory storm or 
hurricane of extended circuit [from Gr. ^<i(/m.] 

Oydopssa, sT-kl&'pe'an, eidj., o/m lihe the Cyclopes, a 
faUed race of giants with one circular eye m the 
middle of the forehead ; eiant-like ; vast [Gr. 
hyhldpeios—hyhUps— hyhlos, a circle,^^, an eye.] 

Qydopadla, gy ilop e dl a, sT-klO-pCdinu n. lit a circle 
of learning; the circle or compass of human 
kno^idedge; a %rork containiii|; information on 
every department, or on a particular department 
of knowledge.— <u(r*. eyelopedla. [Gr. hyhlos, a 
circle, mad paideia, learning.] 


B,hhr; mine; mOte; mOte; mODn; then. 


daamedf.— «. aa oath; a cone. [f». i<MM#r; \ 
Xt. dammmrt, firom 4^^m«im«m«, lost, penalty.) 

Jaaaakto, daaifna-bU mCt*., dutiyimg or teniding to 
dammatwrn; hateful; pcrnicio ui . mtt v. 4ua'a- 
aMy.—^B. itm'aaWwHW [L. dlsMMMu.] 

iimaattw, dam-nft'thun, «., contUtttnaiieH ; aen- 
taooe to eternal ptiniihrnent [L. Jmmmmt io.'l 

4amaa>«ffT, dam'na>tor-v«<(f., c0M immi $i£ aantcnco 
oi ccmdetmtuUwm, [L. dWiimMi/9r*iM.] 

Hftifc, dam^ask, n,, DamMtcmt eMM ; figured ttuff 
oris, of iilk, now of linen, cotton, or wooL— v./. 
to flower or ▼ariegate, at doth :-^.>. dam'ask- 
ing ; >i^. dam'aalced.— ^M&'. of a rod colour, like 
that M the damask rote. [Fr. datmmt. It. rfamm t c f, 
fromDamuuettt, in Syria,whereit wasorig. made.] 

DaaBf&c Sec under Damage. 

Damp, damp^ n,, v€^ourt mui; moist air; low^ 
nese of spirits.— ^a dangerous vapours in mines, 

-^ &c-<r./. to wet slightlY ; to chill : to discourage ; 


IMV^ dir, v.i., U l# hM ttwtgk; to venture »^ 
/^•* dunt— «./. to challenge; to dt(fi—^^. 
dii^; j^ and /a.>. 4lr«r. ^A.& ^k^r. 

DsmstL See under Dam, a mother. 
Damson, dam'ai, is. lit. iA# DmmmKut fhum^ a 
small blade plumu Shortened from Damuucetu 

Dense, dans, 9J, orig. U tiam/ with tkefMi; to 
move with meenired steps to muiic v.t. to 
make to dance or jump a /r /. and «. dancing ; 
/«./. danced'.-^t. the movement of one or more 
persons, with measured steps to music. [Fr. 
danser, Sp. tUuuar, It. dmnMrnrt^ Ger. fatuf m ,] 
daaesr, danrir, n., ffiu wkcpractuet dancmf, 
dsaiinft danslng, n^ tkt act or art e^ mamng m 

DaadsUoa, danHSe-lfua, «s. lit. iA# /am** ite^ a 

common plant with a jellow flower, so called 

from the jagged UotKJtM edges of its Iea£ [Fr. 

dtni di Uon^ tooth of the lion.] 
Dudle, dan'dl, v./., U^lay tvitk; to fondle or toss 

in the arms, as a babv :— /r^. dan'dling ; Ak.>. 

dan'dled. [Ger. UuuU ln t m M » a toy ; aUied to 

Ft*, dattdmer^ Scot. dtmdiUt dattdcr, to go about 

idly, to trifle.] 
dandy, dan'di, n. a foppish, nUyJtlhm; one who 

pays much at te n t ion to dress. [Fr. dandin^ 
Daadrafl, dand'nif, n, a scaly 9curfw\Qt2ti grows on 

the head, especiall]r under the hair and beard. 

[A.S. #Mi, an eruption, and drog, dirty.] 
Dane, dSn, n, an inhabitant oiDtiunark. 
Daalsk, d&n^sh, tuff'-, bdonging to D0$t$Hmrk. 
Daagw, dAn^te, «. lit a penalty or Uu ; a hasard 

or risk ; insecurity. [Fr. dangtri low L. datm^ 

narium — L. damnum, loss, a fine.] 
dsngsroes, dinltenis, adj,,/uu ^dtmger; unsafis ; 

insecure, a dv , daa'fSMwly. 
Daagls, dang'gl, vA, to hang looedy or sviAA a 

$winging motion i to follow anv one about. — 

v.t, to make to dan^ i—Pr.p, danffling ; >«*.>• 

dangled. [Dan. dmglt, Sw. and Ice. dmgla, 

to swing to and frx>.] 
dangler, dsng'glte-, «., ont who dangUt about 

others, espeoally about trooien. 
Dank, dani^ adj, a fcwm ef Damp. 
Dapper, dan^4r, a4i. crig. hrmvo^ valiant ; qukk; 

little and acnve; neat; spruce. [Dutch, iri^^jfj^, 

himve ; Ger. tafftr, quidc] 
D e p j l s , daf^ a4i, maifcedwitfa spots, like wsxajM, 

—v.t, to variqpute with spots ^-/r>. dappling ; 

Pa.p. <kp|/led. [from Apple.] 

iyrmn: Goth, daurmn: akin to Gr. tkmrrt9. 
Sans, dkritk, to be bold.] 

diring, adj., Md; ooungootu ; fearieas.^ 

Dare^ dIr. Same as Daee. 

Dark, dirk, a4/., wtkoni K^; Uadc or tome- 
wfaat black ; gloomy : diflicult to understand ; 
nnenUffhtcned ; secret. — n, absence of light; 
obscunty ; a state of ignorance, adv. tfaikty.— 
M. darraess. [A.S. docrc; Gael dortka, the 
iposite of Mfi^ki, light.] 

dirk'n, vJ., to maie dark; to stnpify ; to 
tender ignorant ; to sully.— «.^ to grow daik or 
darker:— ^.^. dark'ening ; Aa./. daiVcned. 
wjuMtk, dinclso, adj.. i e mn ok at dark; dusky, 
darkling, diriding, adf.* being in tho dark (poet.). 
dArit'sum, ««£f., dark; gtoomy (poet). 
See under Dear. 

Dun, dflin,^./., to conceal %. hole bymmding or 
imitating the texture of the tXyJ[i—pr.p. damp- 
ing ; /«./. darned'. — n. the place darned, [old 
E. aeme; A.S. deame, hidden: or from Ir. 
dame, W. dam, a pwoe, a patch.] 

Darnel, dSr'nel, n. a weed of the lye-grass genus, 
fonneriy considered injurious to com. [per- 
haps from A.S. dorian, to ii^ure.] 

Dait, dArt, n. a pointed weapon for throtring with 
the hand; anything that pierces. — v.t, to huri 
suddenly; to send or shoot forth.— v.i to start 
or shocA forth rapidly:—^./, darting; /«./. 
dart'ed.— M^.daitriafiy. lPx.dard,KS.daraik, 
daroth. Ice. daratkr, Sw. dart, a dagger.] 

Dash, dash, v.t, to strike suddenly or violently ; to 
break by throwing together; to throw water 
suddenly ; to besp^ter : to strike or blot out ; to 
destroy or frustrate ; to mix or adulterate.— v.^ 
to BtrUce andnst; to break against, as water; 
to rush wioi violence :—/r.^. dashing; Pa.p, 
dashed'.— «. a violent striking; a ruwing or 
violent onset ; a blow ; a mark ( — ) at a break in 
a sentence ; a slight admixture. Hnutative of the 
sound of a blow or the dashing of water.] 

dsihtng, dash'ing, <u^'., rushing; reckless; hasty 
and rash.- 

Dastard, dastard, n. one vrho is taaaly /Tightened f 
a cowardly fellow. — «^*. shrinking from danger; 
cowardly. — adj'. and adv. daS'tMdly. — ns, das'- 
tardnsm, das'tardllaess. [A,S, ^-daetriged, p^p, 
of a-dastrigan, to frightai.] 

Data, dA'ta, nM. facts given or admitted from 
which other mcts may be deduced.— ^Mjf* da'tmaa. 
[L. datum, data^ giv en d o, to give.j 

date, dAt, n. the tune when a letter u ^wm or 
written; the time of any event; a stipulated 
time ; duration. — vJ. to affix the date to.^-^.i, 
to redcon ; to begin :— /n/. dftting ;/a^, dftfed. 
[F^. date^ It data, I*, datum.^ 

dative, dAtIv, adj'., that is given or appointed.— «. 
the dative case, the case of nouns iniich follows 
verbs expressing giving^ or some act directed 
to the object— generally indica t ed in English by 
to as /or. [L. dativus.] 

dataa^ dAt'um, M. See Data. 

Date, dit, n, the fruit of the datirjwilm, to oaDed 
irom. its fanded resemblance to theyMifrr. [Fi: 
datte, L. dacfylus, Gr. dahfylet, a finger.] 

Danb^ diaub, v,t,, to dab over or smear with soft 


mlBe; mOto; mllte; mOOn; Men. 


to psiat cuonelj i—fr-t- AjiaMiaf 

kt, ■., « fimalt lUidl ■ Csiiul* 

-K. 4u^tv-t>-I>w, ■ wn'i wifc. 

(A.5. ^tlOtr, Son. ^icUn-, Ga. <KtMr, Gr. 
tli^aar, Saiu. daMitri.\ 
«iM>iMti, diw'Ur-U. atfy'. Iii» or becomini; a 

BtJV^ dim, v.i. lit, a i»9iu; \a frighten ; La (Ht- 
CDunci:->r./. diuiiri[i(;>a>. dunrKL (old 
Fr. SaitUr, ft. JtmfUr—'L. drmite—dnmn, Gt, 

MghUPBiL- i»rf». AuBtlaidT.— <h iHillauM. 
^ dAVfio, H. fbrmcHr » nvna giv«n Id ih* 
' t^ Idur of Fmno.— «. Dw^Uiiw, 
wifa, [Fl,,PKl*.aWl!a.adalphui. 
Of ibclmai d( Dtaphinif, piDbibl)> 
mjcB uKu DCM, a da1pfaiik.J 
BhU, iU>% k. ami pojcctbif fram > (liip, uied 

ToicL— )»£ ^K» of DMba a boa, projoctios 

onr ■ •hq/i B<k oc itBii, hanu tacklo le niM 

.Uaibr. It) 
D(v, daw, H.* birdof ikcennrkiDd. [bmi 11107.] 
Dun. Sc4 under Dftf. 
Sv, dl, •■.. £b timit^lifU; tbt lime rRmnDorn- 

u^ t^ Ufhl ; twenly-four boul^ tht time tli4 

nnh ukeo to ■Hika 1 nroluIiDn oa her aiia. 

(A.S. <^, Gs. <«, It. Jim, W. r0<l^ 1. Jul, 

San*, ^m, froiii i^A to ihine-] 
ttflT. dlli, a^. ud oA. , rwy ■'V' 
^f^*^ dl'^ook. H., • Jntlaarhich mHcbuU, 

Ar. qiiBT tha tnnvclioBB of vtvry f^- 

k, dTbiAk, ■., «i(4nw*vv<^<kr. or am 

Vhm^ dSllB, «. liL ■ irrvami; ia the EngUlh 
'doTKTiiBidar Frusta I 
una CoB£recuioa>I 

BT, dilciMi, 

depriYod of life 1 thai 
: okIou ; duU ,- cold 
egetalloo ; perfect.— 

to die.] 

tmA, ded. H. the tim« of inOLtiit iMSJHtf.— h^ 

lm*m, ded-i, B.I., * ihI. ^fs/.. to depriva 
pMtljQfTlgoiirorfeBieli™; toblunl; toi«»rd; 

dei^^'*[A.5. dfXi^ia kilL a^^'iS&\ 
*mtij, doJTi,.^, MMfy ^i^i ; lual; fanpbc 

d«d Luig'fwls, ff. a langnac* no 

■.. Hail tf iiiiii itui; mlBctloB of 
s of dfinK ; morlalinr. [A.S. nlMti, 
sueqled with Gr. «b«ute.] 

■, i4??G^ 

•D^'deTn. >./., A Hotr ^fV'. pu^ " alto- 
■elber; to Itua! to niHkr InnwnoiK M HWld : 
~>r.>. dcafeiui«: >o.>. deofeoed. 

■araato, dtT-uOt, m. en vho ii both A^Tand 

■•■li dA, ■>., <■ /of; an hHUfaiila qaudtT: a 
brse ^uantitT i the act of dividing civdii 00* of 
the diviiiont or bouda into which a noco of 
timber ii cM : a tf^t^ boanL [A.S. rfir/; 

•■1, ia, v.l'., ttJividt, It diiinialri ta pn oat 
llowl^; to thiov about,— *.|L — ' -' 

>»/. and>ay. <. 

-•-'— -•-•■ Ga.l*iilin—aM.] 

ttlm^ae UMaidl odMdt 

dMUsft dcnnc K 

Dwdbi, m. Ul a tU^ t^tm mtM! aavarMT) 

who prtaidea over tho other derir ; tha pnd- 
deat of Iha ^cuhr in a colleco.— il dKa'Mt*. 
[old Pr- diaMj 1* SMi^Mt a dmm , teD.] 
iM H T. dfia'AT.i, «., tMe^tt or juriidiaHn c^4 

dnaal,' dek'aHl, a^/, >rn^iii£v 'v > ^iw»^ 

hiehly valued ; beloved. — a. doe wbo u dear or 
beli>ied.-iute. tmytr^-H-iMmM-M^. (A.S.i<wr*, 
Got- tJuittr; old Gs. 'fwr, pnciom * 

darllaf. dlrlioi. ■., o lillli iltar: 
beloved ; a favourite, [Dear, and iitg.i 

A — « j—i. _ J. kigkfria;i 

e dc>ri]F 

Miar, d«-bdi', V.I., U iar «4 fivm; to Ddsdai 
to hinder t—^.f. daban'l^ ; /a^f*. debarrad^ 
IL. a!(, fi«B, aad hai.J 

IttmA, dC-bdik', fi.f. er £ ti 

— , , Bik-.-yry.dChail 

M-t- Mwkad'. [L. a^, Aoa, audauk, a •aip.j 
di Wh a W oa. I rtar imDa, d<.blik«'ibiu, m^Otaa 


of beisi debated ; deg;nidaliafi. 

««Urfaff, de-bSs'uif, «<f*., UndiMg U Umit or de- 
grade.— a<fe. diteilBgly. 

StbftU, d€-b9Lt', ». orig; ajtghi; a contention or 
AAK/fVtf'abotit in woras or argumenL — v.i, to con- 
tend for in argument. — v.i, to deliberate : to join 
in debate :—/r./. debiting :Ai./. dCbit'ed.—M. 
4«bat'«r. [Fr. i&. and A0//rv. to beat.] SeeB«a*. 

dabatebla^ de-bU'a-bl, a4;\ liable to be disputed. 

Datemh. de-bawch', v.i. Ut. to lead /rom tJU 
straight couru; to lead away from duty or alle- 
giance; to corrupt with lewdness. — v,u to in- 
dulge in reveby :--^.>. debauching; /a./, 
debauched'.— M. a fit of intemperance or de- 
bauchery. [Fr. dtb€meker—dt, from, and old Fr. 
h4u$eh*t a row or coune, as of oricks.] 

i> h a arl i>^ del/o-she, tt,, antgivtn «> tcdtbattektry; 
a libertine. 

4«baoeh«y. de-bawch'erwi, «., a dtbanckingi cor- 
ruption of fidelity ; seduction from duty ; exces- 
sive btemperance ; habitual lewdness. 

Dsbtntvrt^ de-boit'Qr, n. an acknowledgment of a 
d*bti n certificate entitling an exporter of im- 
ported goods to a drawback or repayment of the 
duty paid on their importation. [L. debttUnr, 
there are due, jd person pL oidtUo^ to owe.] 

SeUUlaH de-biTi-tSt, v,i., tomaktmtabU or weak; 
._ : ._ .,- .^ ., . . debillttiing; 

,able.] SeeAUs. 

4«M]tW, de-bill-ti, «., weakntu and languor; a 
weak action of the animal (unctions. 

DeMft. deb^L »., a tUbi or something due ; an entry 
on the debtor nde of an account.— o.^. to charge 
with debt ; to enter on the debit or debtor side 
of an account :-^/. debiting ; pa.p. debited. 
[L. debitum^ what u dne, from deht^t to owe.] 

4«bt» det. M.J n^tat on* twtt to another ; what one 
becomes liable to do or suffer, f L. <Ubitum.\ 

debtor, det'ur, ». , on* who owes a debt : the side of an 
account on which debts art charged. [L. debitor.] 

Dcboaalr. deb-o-nfti', aJj., ^good air or appear- 
ance and manners ; elegant ; courteous. [Fr. de, 
of, bon^ good, «<>, appearance, manner.] 

Seboveh, de-bOOsh', v.LXo taxn^iWA/romanarrefm 
/am or confined pkce '.—pr.p. defaiouchlng ; pa.p. 
debouched'. [Fr. ttebomher—do, from, boneJu, 
the mouth — L. bttcca^ the cheek.] 

debooehnrs, dfl-boo-shoor', «., tho month of a river 
or strait. 

Dtbrla, dS-bre', «., bmised or broken pieces of 
an^rchine, esp. of rock ; rubbish ; ruins. [Fr., from 
bnser^ Gael bris^ to break ; alun to BnOae.] 

Debt, DeMor. See under DeMk 

Debnft, de-bu' (tr sounded as in Scot /w^), n. lit 
the first cast OS throw eU play; aoeginningor 
first attempt ; a first appearance before Uie puUic, 
as of an actor, ft& [Fr.^htt, aim, marie] 

Deeads^ de-kid', n, an anregate of ten, [Fr. dicado 
— >L. decas^ aecadiSf Ur. dekas~-deka, ten.] 
See under Oee^. 

Deeafoo^ dek'a-^on, n. a plane figure of ten mstgUs 
and sides. [Ur. deka, and gdnia, an angle.] 

OeeahedroB, dek-a-h^dnm, n. a solid figure having 
ten bases or sides. [Or. tleka, and h^trut a seat, 
a hu»—hedes, a sitting place— ^tsmmm, to sit] 

DecalofiMb dek'a-log, m., the ten commandments. 
[Gr. iteha, ten, il^pM, a discourse, a proposition.] 

Deeamp^ de-kamf/, v.i. Mt, to in from or shift a 
camp; to go away, eq>eciaUy secretly. [Fr. 


^Sjyr-L, de^ from, and camp, Se« 

d*****^*!, de^ampt'ment, «., shifting aeasmp ; ft 

ii*^*^^g off. . [Fr. deca9i^imuni,\ 
DoeMiftL See under Dean. 
D«eaBt, de-kant', «./., to cant or pour from ths 

edge of a vessel ; to pour off, leaving sediment : 

--pr.p. decanting ; Pa.p. decant'ed. [Fr. ds» 

canter^— de. from, and Osnt] 
dseaslv, de-kant'er, m., a vessel for holding d§» 

cattted liquor ; an ornamental bottle. 

Dscapltats, de-kapl-tit, v.t., to take the head from: 
to behead:— >r>. dCcaqpltSting ; pa.p. decap^ 
itlted. [It, low L. decapits^e—L. do, from, 
and caput, capitis, the heaid.] 

daeapttatloa, de-kap-i-tft'shun, n., the act ^ be* 

Deeapod, dek'a-pod, n. one of the shell-fish which 
have ten feet or daws, as the crabu [Gr. deka, 
ten, said Pons, podos, a foot] 

Ds earb e n tos, de-klrlx>n-Is, v.t,, to deprive of carbon, 
[tie, from, and Carbon.] 

Deeastyle, dek'a-stll, m. a portico widi ten styles or 
columns in front [Gr. aeka, ten, stylos, a column.] 

DeeasyOaUe, dek-a-«Q-ablk, tutj't having ten syt- 
lables. [Fr. decasylloHque — Cr. deka, ten, «yA 

Deoay, de-ki', v.L, tofatt away from a state of 
hoJth w excellenoe ; to waste away '.—pr.p. de- 
caying ; pa.f. decayed'. — n. a falling bto a worsa 
or less perfect state ; a passing away, [old Fr. 
deeaer. It decadere — L. *r, from, cadere, to falL] 
de-ki'dens, ds ea de ne y, de-ki'den-si, js.. 

state of decay. [Fr.— low L. decadeniia.\ 
deoldaow, de-sid'Q-us, adj., fkUing off; that fall 
in autumn, as leaves ; not permanent-^, deeld'* 
• oMisM . [L. deciduus—aecido, from tie, cado.] 

Deeeass, de-s^, v.i, to cease to live ; to die :—Pr.p, 
deceasing ; At./, deceased'.— «. death, [old B. 
decesse—L. aecess$ts—de, away, cede, cessus, to go.] 

Dsoelt, DeoettfUL See under DMttve. 

Deodve, de-sev'. v.t., to catchy to ensnare, to mia- 
lead ; to cause to err ; to impose on ; to disap- 
point; to cheat >-/rj#. deceiving; pa.p. de- 
ceived'.— 4*. daosftv'ar. [Fr. decevoir—'L. decipere, 
deeeptus—do, intensive, capere, to take, catch.] 

deodvablSL de-sev'a-bl, adj., that may be deceived; 
exposed to imposture.— 4*. deoetVablanwi. — adv, 

deoett, de-set', n,, eut of deceiving* anytlung in- 
tended to mislead another, [old £. tleceipt, old 
Fr. decepte—\>. deceptus.] 

dMeitM. de-set'fool, adj., full of deceit disposed 
or tending to deceive ; insincere. — adv. deeslt'- 
tsStf.—et, dMelf fUasas. 

dsoeptioa, de-sep'shun, m., act <f deceiving: state 
of being deceived; the means by which it is 
sought to deceive. [L. deceptio.] 

dsespttve, de-sep'tiv, adj ., tend ing to deceivo,— adv. 
decep^ltvaly.— ^k deospttveaMs. 

Deosmber, d^t-tKolbtx, n., the tenth month among 
the Romans, who began their jrear with March ; 
with us, the twelfth month of the jrear. [l^decem, 
ten, and Sans, vara, Pers. bar, time, period.] 

Deosmvlr, de-sem'vir, n., one of ten magistrates 
who at one time had absolute power in Rome : 
—pL Deesa'vln or (L.) DeosmvM, de-sem'vi-it. 
[Il decem, ten, and vir, a man.] 

d sos i vlrala, de-sem'vir-flt, n. a body of ton mon (a 
office ; the office or term of office of deoemvin. 


fkte, fkr ; mS, hte; mine ; mOCe ; mOta ; mOOn ; /Aea. 


iark, hiuk, or peel >-^^» dCoM^bcidiig : /«•/• 
dCco/ticftted. [L. dtcortic0t dtc^rticatui-^t 
from, and ^riix, baric 1 See ooittoaL 
dMovttottHaB, dfi-koMi-ldl'iluin, n., tkt met ^tiri^ 

Deeoy. d^koy, v.i,, U aU$trt, ettHct; to entrap; 
to lure into a trap or mare : > r./, dCooy^ng; 
^/. dfcoyed'.— ««. anythinf intended to aDure 
intoasnaie. [L. ifr, and My, old rerb^ to entice : 
or corr. of dttek<0yt firom dmek, and Dutdi, 
k0y€, a cage, from me practioe of entrapi^ns 
water>fowl D]r means of a dodc trained to lead 
them into a cage or other enclosure.] 

Deareaat, d6*krB^, v.L lit. togrvw Utt; to become 
less, in any sense.--v./. to make leM ; to lessen 
gradually :— >r^. dCcreai^ng ; >«./. decreased^. 
— «. a growing less: loss.— oi^. 4sortsslBgly. 
[Fr. tUaviirt, Prow,decreisser, from L* tUcresc0 
— ^, from, and crtsc0, to grow.] 

dscrtmsBt, ddc're-ment, m., « dicruuittgmgrcmnng 
Uu; the qtiant^rwat dt decrease. [L. tUcrg' 

dscrs scs nl d^kres'ait, a4/,, heeom i ng gcaduaOy 
Us*, [L. tltcmeiHt, pr.p. oftUcrtsc0.Y 

Dserss^ d^krC, m., a dtcUUn or Judpnenii an 
order by one in authority ; an estaUuhed law : 
a predetemdned pmpose. — vA. to decide or de- 
termine by sentence m law ; to appdnt. — v.L to 
make a decree :— >n/. decreeing ; >«>. dtaeed'. 
[L. tUctmOt dtcrtium, to dedae.] 

dsertlal, d^lOTtal, aJJ., PerUdtdnr U a tUerte. — 
IS. a decree, en>. of the pope ; a oook containing 
decrees ; a colbction of the pope's decrees. [iZ 
dtcrttali* decemo.l 

dsersttrsb dfi-krCtiT, a^, having the force of « 


Utn/tary, dikfri-toiA, adj, established by a dsertt; 
determining ; judictaL 

Osertplt, de-kreplt, a4/. Bt mcistUtii creeung 
about quietly ; worn out by the infinmties oi old 
age ; in the last stage of decay. [Fr. dtcrtpit, 
from L. «Ucrt^Um. noiseless, very old— <^, not, 
erfP0t to rattle, make a noise.] 

dserepltaK di-krepl-tlt, v.L, U cruckli, as salts, 
when heated. — v.L to roast so as to cause a con- 
tinual aackling^-:/r^. dCciepltiting ; Ai./. 
decreplUted. [U dt, intensive^ crtfSo, crtfi- 
taha, to rattle much, frequentative wcr^.] 

dserspttatioa, d£-krep4-tft'shun, «., M# act «^decrt- 
gating; the separation of parts with a crackling 
noise occasioned by heat. 

dserspnus, d6>krep1-tQd, «., iiaU iff hn$tg dt- 
m/i)^ or worn out with age. 

Dsertsewft. See mdcr Deertass. 

Decrslal, ftc. See under Dsersa. 

Dsery, d6-kr1', v.t., t» cry down; to condemn; to 

blame^-^y.d6aying;/a^. decried'. [L.d^, 

down, and <ny.] 
decrlaL d^lofid, »., a erytng dffwm; clamorous 


ibMt. d^kumljent, a4/., lying donm ; redin- 
ing on the ground.— Mip. dseua^sntlj. fL. i^ 
attttiens, decttmientis, pr.p. of di omw dt, 
down, and ^amcA^, for cttSfi, to lie.] 
w — b ti n, dfi-Jamrbens, dscnabwwy, d6>kam'bea- 
n, m., iAf act or posture flying dtwn. 


dek'lHa. a4f,, Ut^foU.- 

I. a number ten 
>. dtai^L 


5?i?*» ten, and /Ucv, to fold ; Gr. dika^omt-^ 

•'*». ten, MDd^i9, to fold.] 
***5"****i de-kui^ent, «<C^. r$mMi/ig or extending 

^^'^ffn/ards. a dv , dsarar^tBtty. [L. dccurrens, 

pr.p.of rf ' ft-MMw d c,dawn,currv,eumim,tOTMn.\ 
dseanlvi^ de-kui'sav, a4f., rwmmg dtwn^—adv, 

Dseusat^ dC-kn^t v.L to cross in die form of an 

X ; to cross, as Unes, &c. :— ^.>. dfcuss'Itin^ : 

/d;/. decus^ltedL— <i^. croesed; arranged in 

pairs which alteniately cross each other. [L. 

dccuuo, dccutsaim d*cnsn»— decern at»e*, ten 

units, the number ten ( X ).] 
dseassatloa, dS^cus-A'shu]^ M. a crossing at an acute 

angle ; an intersection m the form of an X. 
Ssikate, dedO-klt, v.L lit U declmre; to set apart 

and consecrate to some sacred puipose ; to devote 

whdly or diiefly : to inscribe to any one :— /r.>. 

dedlcftting;>a./. dedlctted. {!L. dedice, dedp- 

caha—de, down, d£c», to dedare.] 
d s H sa tl se, ded-i-ki'shun, »., tkeaciefdedkmiimgl 

an addivss to a patron, prefixed to a book, 
dsdleatory, dedl-ki-tor-i, adj., com^otifg or serving 

Sstoos^ d«Klas'. v,L, U dmmj^romi to infer or 
father a truth or opinion fixmi what precedes or 
from nemises :— ^^. dMadnff ;/«>• d&lOced'. 
[L. dt, from, dtieo, dttchtnt, to lead.] 

AsiinMnMrt, dfi-dfls'ment, n,, the Hung deduced; an 


dsdesl, d€-duktr, v.L, to imkefrom; to separate; 
to subtract v—pr.^, d&luctlng ; pa^. dMuct'ed. 

dsinsllea, di-duieshnn, »., the act ^f deducing ; 
that which is deduced ; inference : act ^fdedmct- 
ing; that which is deducted ; abatement 

dstaettv«, da-dttk'tiv, adj,, that it, or may be de- 
dnced fixMn premises.—*!^, dtdaslilvily. 

Dssd. dCd, M. something ^iSnM; an act ; an exploit: 
a l^al transaction ; the written evidence of it 
[A.S. dtedr-dom, to do; Ger. tAai—tMnn, to da] 

d isdlisi^ dedles, ad/., net having perftrmeddeedt. 

P ss ia , dim. v,L or L, tajndge; to think ; tobdieve: 
—pr.p. deeming ; Pa.p, deemed'. (A.S. demtan, 
to form a judgment de m . Judgment] 

Sstp, dip. a4/* admitting of dicing, dMng, or 
going downwards; extending tar down or &r 
from the outside : difficult to understand | secret: 
wise and penetrating ; cunning : very still ; pro- 
found; intense; sunk low; low or grave.—*, that 
which is deep ; the sea : any thing profound or 
incomprehensible. — adv. to a great dmth; pro- 
foundly.— «fe.ds«^.— 4*. dMp^asss. [A.S.deop: 
dippan, to dip ; akm to Stp^ Dlvs^ Deek.] 

dsspM, dep'n, v.t.,ta make deeper m any sense ; to 
increase. — vJ. to become deeper >^Pr.p, deep'- 
ening ; /«./. deep'ened. 

dspCl^ depth, n,, deepness; the measure of deepness 
down or in : a deeo place ; the sea : the middle, as 
depth of winter : aostruseness ; extent of sagadty 
and penetration. — a4f' dspthlssi^having no depth. 

Desr, der, «. lit 4M animai, a wild beast; a 
quadntped of several spedes, as the stag, reindeer, 
&c [A.S. dear, Ger. tAier, Gr. tAir. L./era.] 

desr-stalktag; dii'stav^ing, m. the huntmg of dwr 
by staiking, or sf waling upon them unawares. 
[See Mslk, to waOcl 

dscrstslkv. d€i'-stawk-^, h, one who practises 

IMlMs^ de-fas', vJ., te destroy or mar the face w 


\hAr; mX&e; mOte; mfite; mOOo; Men. 

drfle irihi, M^ tk4mei4fd4ifUmrim£, 



tween ruHU and lord— beoce, to disown, to 
dcnonoce ; to chaflenge ; to bnve \—pr.p, do/- 
ing: /«/. d«fied'.-«. •t^m, JFr. i^:$«rr; <M 
It. dttfUri IL dUfitU^'^^'L, Ms, Mondcr, and 

Jlmxi0 dt, dow% wad/lm,JtM3amm, to flow.] 
df^lBrf', v,/, k Zmv, to IcM^ oat oT POMcs- 

diilMM^aMli, pL ^, from, aad Vrntu) 

>-fr.p. dtfgmly ;>»./. Jtfufcd^ 
dcf^r^ffift'ihaii. i»^ «c/ tfdtftrmimg, 

<d proper lonB! ogbBCM 
anytluoc that dcitroy* beaaty. 

Piftiai, d^-Cnnrd^ v^. to deprhnt of iy/rmudi to 
withhold wroi«fiillr; to cheat or decetra:— 
/r./. dCfrandlaf ; A*./. dCfiaiKred. (L. d^frmmd^ 
—dt, froan, 9ad/rm$u,/rmmlii, fraud.) 

DifrBf, d«-frf, v./. flrig. to pay a^«# in order to 
atooe foraa oflcaoe agauMt the yiMac^tmce; to 
diadttTfa tlu expenMM of anythmf ; to pay > 
/r.>. defra/ins; A».A d«frayedC- 
■i^ [It. £lfimyer~di, toA/raii, 
low L./r*dtim, a fin e Grr .^wr, peace.] 

Dtftaet^ d«-litaktf, «4^. haviof >f «Zi4a/ the course 
oflifc, dead.— <«. a dead person. [L. ^Sg^Mtrvr, 
df/ttmctm, to finisb— i£r, andyiM^vr, to perform.] 

Dtiy, d4-f f , vJ. lit. to renoonce a state oi/attA or 
confidence; orig. to disioWe the alle«ance be- 
and lord— hoice, to £sown, to 

Fr. , , 
/Ida, to tnuHr-ySdet, fruth.] 

iiisasty de-fTans, h., tAt mci a/dtfyin^; a chal- 
lenge to combat ; contempt of opposition. 

PHi—its^ de-jen'«r-a^ v.L, to rink from mdi 
gtnm or race ; to fidf from a nobler state ; to be 
or to grow worse >-/r./. d^ en ^ertting ; /«.>. 
degen^led. [L. digefuro, d^rtfurai um d a, 
from, taArmta, gtnirit, twot, land.] 

tmmtnu, di-jet^tt-Mt. ad/., dagtneraUd; having 
bst the noUeness of race ; having become weak 
or base.— ^9. 4afM'«at«ly.— «. isf ^w s t Mssi. 

iif sraiy, d€-jen'«r.«-st« 4igsDsralHm, d€-Jen-fcr^. 
shun, «.. tht act ot process of becoming degtnr 
aratt; tne state of being degenerate. 

isasaiiiUTi, d€-jen'«r-A-tiv, adj., Unding or cans- 

Dsglaimea, deg-lOMish'un, n., iktacttn power of 
glutting txt vtnSXcm'ma^ [Fr.—L. li^f, down, and 
glutia, to swallow.] See Otaft. 

Dsgrads, de-griUf , v./., to lawarvt redooe in grada 
or rank; to deprive of office or dignity; to lower 
hi character or value ; todisgrace \—fr.p. d€gxftd'- 
ing; A»^. dCgrid'ed. [Fr. digradet^t:. de, 
down, and/mMMLastep.] SeeOrads. 

isjTsdstloa, deg-im-diK'shun, n., tkt act of dtgrad- 
ing; the sute of being degraded: disgrace. 

dsfTM, de-grfl", M., a grade or tte^ ; position ; rank ; 
extent ; a mark of distinction conferred by univer- 
sities ; the 360th part of a circle ; 60 geographical 
miles. [Fr. dcgri—1^ dc, and gradm, a step.] 

Bshlsosat, de-hii'ent,^ng or opening, as the 

^ dAn, v.i., to think worthy: to condescend.— 
\t. to give ; to allow :-/r.>. deign'ing ; /«.>. 


gpdOgm: the 

^Sipasr, to 

: ngod 

dTkSId, m,,Aekmmfofa god; the 
todcathcrjeavChnit, (It. ' '"' 

iSrm^ and oad^fk in citf* to kSL] 
<iliy,dfVf I, v./^ toatahgadtftyotfodof: to _ 

to dbe laak 01 a deky ; to w usshm as a deity :> — 

/r./. dtif/iag; M^' dtified". [Fr. dHJUf-^l^ 

deijU a t T data, vAjmeoro, to make.] 
dilliCd64rik,Mlssl,<U^k^ «^' OT«A£i^ 

a deity, }X>-deificm dam, mai/acera.^ 
iiMMHi^ dC^^i-kS'dn. n„tkaact a/dcifyimg. 
^Moam, dA-lbrsL «^'., kmmng tiojorm a/ a gadL 

[L. irfSfM, wad /aftma, Cofm.) 
dsii^ d«1st, «. ose who believes in the 

Of Gad bat not in revealed r eligion . <r^ 1 

isaL [ft. dHtta—l^ damt.} 
^dam, dtixmi, nk, Aacraad^a daisL [Fr. dHstma.l 

misrt, dS-jtklf, v.t., to cast dowm the coantenaaco 
or spirits of >-/r.>. dtiectlng: /«./. deject^ed. 
[L. dtjido, dnactao—Ja, &awti,jacto, to cast.] 

illsrtsi, dftjekred, «<f., «er/ dowm; dispirited. — 
adv. 4o$on90f. is. 4s|sc»MMaB. 

i^nMso, dfr-jd^dnm, m., «te/r of haiag dofocUd 
or cast down; lowness of qmits ; depressioa. 

IM s ti so, d4Ml'fthan, n. (Zstv) act of charging with 
a crime. [L. da/are, dala t u m da, inten., and 
faro, to b^.] 

May^ de-ir, v.t., to put off Xa anothertime; to 
ddfer; to hinder or retard. — v.L to pause, linger, 
orpotoflrtiine.—«i. a patting off or deferring: a 
lingering ; hinderance i—pr^. drying ; >«^. 
daay^ [Fr. diUd^ L. di/atio, a pottmg off^ 
diffaro, diiatmtm dtt, apart, and>&TV, to carry.] 

PilsstatK dS-lek'ti-bl, adj,, daUghtfut; pleasinff. 

M. tilsrt*s1iliaim infn isJsntniMy [L. 00- 

JactahiUo-'dalaeto.XXid/^^'i SeedsBfht. 

MsslstlnL d6-lek-tft'shnn, n., delight ; great plea- 
sore. [L. daUctatio.l 

Pslsgst^, deTC-gSt, v.t., to tend at a lagata or 
lepicsen tative ; to intrust or commit to \—4r.p.. 
del'^^ing ; >»./. der^;ftted.— 1». one who is 
del^ated: a deputy or rep r es e n ta t i v e. — adj. 
delegated, deputed. [L. da, away, and logo, 
lagahu, to send as ambassador.] See Lsgate. 

asiijstlw, del-6-gft'shun, n., act 0/ dolagatitig; the 
persons delegated. 

Psl rt s , d«-let', v.t., to Uot out; to erase; to 
destroy :-^^. ddct^; A».>. d€l«t'cd.— ifc 
drie'tloa. [L. <^/^<», <^i^/«M, to blot out.] 

dslsUs, del'«-bl, adj.. that can ha blotUdout. 

AslsteiloM^ del-e-te'n-us, ttdj., tandJmg to dattroy 
life : poisonous, [low L. dalataritu—dalao.\ 

Sslf , delf, M. a kind of earthenware, made at Dal^, 

IMtbtrats^ de-lib'te-at, v.t., to weigh wall in one's 
mind, as if fW a halanca: to consider the reasons 
for and M;unst ; to reflect upon. — v.L to reflect 
or consider. [L. delibaro^ detiberatum—da^ in- 
tensive, and Ithro, to yte\^— libra, a balance.] 

dsUbsrale, dC-lit/ir-it, adj., dalibaratingor consider- 
ing carefully ; slow in determining : well con- 
sidered.-«^v. dSUVaraiaiy.— m. ddlb'erateaMS. 

dsUbmkloii, d€-lib-te-9.'shun, n., tha act o/delihar- 
ating; mature reflection ; calmness; coolness. 

dsliberatlvs^ d^lib'te-a-tiv, adj.^ partaUmng to do^ 
UharatioH ; proceedmg or acting by deliberation. 
—adv. dsUbrerattvsly. 


'9, hhx; mine ; mOte ; mate ; mOOn ; /Aen. 


feninc; the death of a tovereign, ot a dittm- 
guuhed penoa ; a transfer of the crown or of an 
ettate to a tacoeMor.— «./. to lend down to a 
•ocoeMor ; to bequeath by will j— >r./. dCmiring ; 
Af.>. dtailMd'. [Fr. tUmitt. pa.p. of dhiuttrt, 
to lay down-^ L. Ht, aaUU, and Fr. mtttrtt 
to lair— L* mitUn, misnu, to send.] 
4MtfMlo% d^-mklifan, n.t a Uwerinr or Utiiw 
<<^wii;degnidatioo; humiliation. \!L, dtrntmo:} 

DMl-MmH«aTtr, dem'i-teml-kwi-rAr, n, m imtf&, g 
a nota equal in time to M# Ao^eA* jiMMfaMivr B 
[Pr.i^lrMi; half, and l«iiK«imt.] V 

PtmofiriiiT dfl-mok'im-d, li. a form of gvvimmut^ 
in which the topretne power if Tested im tMt 
^^tfv^ collectively. [Or.dlm^kmHa^HlimMfth^ 
MMle, and /hwM, to nile-*«i/«», strength.] 

dMsoeiat» dem'0-krat, h, one who adheres to or 

promotes dimMmNry* _ 
AMMeraMs. dem-&-krat^ I s a e sfitlw s l , dem^ 
krall-kal, «4^.» fwUtHng U di m^ c r aey^—adv* 

Psmnllrti. ds-tnollth, v./., U tkrtm ^fultdcvm; 
to reduce to a shajMlest heap ; to destroy^ ndn t 
~^./. dSmoHshmg; /e./^. dfimorished. [U 
dtmoU^r, to throw or pull down— ifr, down, and 
ftulhi^ to build— #w*r*, a heap.] 

iememkai. dem-<>4ish'un, n,.iM» act of dtmetuK' 
Mlf or destroying I ruin; destruction. 

Xummk dfmon, fi. in mythology, a ^rii holding 
a place between man and the gods : an evu 
spttit, a deviL [L. drnmon, Gr. dainan, a 
spirit-^^, to divide, to dlstnbuU destinies.] 

^^f***** dS-mO'ni-ak, dimfflilaeal, dS-mO-nfak-al, 
adJu^^rUumtif /^ or like dtmoHs or evd spirits; 
influeiu«d by demons.— «i/v. ds&oai adally. 

dsmoBtac dS-md'nUk, n, a human being possessed 
by a ^SmMM or evil mirit. , ^. ^ 

deBMBladsBi, dS-mO-nni-slzni, M.» tki statt ^piemg 
dWwwwVfc; demonlacil practices. 

toMnolatry, d«-moo-offc-tx1, «i.,^ i!A# tM>^9^ ef 
demons, [Gr. i^M#«, and Z«/>T^. worship.] 

dsBoaolocy, d^tnon-oVo-jl, M., « dUcot&H oh 
detmmi and their •gency.-ntf4^#. dsneaelegle, 
dsmonrto^lsii. [Or. ^ttwwAv, £i^, a discourse.] 

ismeaologlslk d^mon-oFo-Jist, n., a wHier m 

DNMBSttatiL df<noo'strlt. vJ., U tkew or point 
out cUarfy: to prove with certainty i—Pr^. de- 
mon'strtttng ; Pa.f. deraon'strSUed. (L. dtmffn" 
ttro—dt. btenslve. and mcfuttv, to shew.] 

AsMstnMs, d«-motfstra-bl, a4f., that may «# dt^ 
manxtmttd,-m. d»oft'straM«Mss.-«ft>. dsao^- 


dflmoBStratlaB, deHMm-strffihuii, n., tkt act 0/dt' 
numstratihg; a potatlng out; proof beyond 
doubt: ejcpression of the feelings by outward 
signs { show ; militaiy or Other exhibition. 

dsBurikstrafcivs^ dC-knoffstra-tiv. adj., having the 
dffWfr ta difMfuttatt ; making evident ; proving 
"^th certainty; given to the manifesUtion of 
one's feelings.— «»rftr. dsmea'slfaltvely.— w. de- 

Dtmonllss, d«-mot'al-T», v.t.,t0 hrinf domm or cor- 
rupt in morals .'-y*'./. dCmot'alTsmg ;/«./. df- 
mor'allscd. {Tt. domoraUstr-A^ d4, Axymx, Kid 
Fr. i»«»fw&, morals.] ,Se«ll«ril. 

flwBfflraWf***Ti dC-mor-al-1-ril'shun, m,, act ^ do- 
memfiftryi coitupdon or subverdon of morals. 

MftoMe, de4not^«4^., A^«»*V> thc^eo^: 
poptdar. [Or. «iw*- the oeooUtl 


***JJJ»^ df^mrteiit, a4f., maU^yingm to/tm- 
*[V; aootUag. [L. dSrMmWMW, pr.p. of dSnmfZrr* 
""*» ■"* n^idcto, to soften.] 

Pwnr, de-mur', «.£, to delay; to hesitate fit>m 
tutcertainty ; to object >-pr.p, d&nurr^g ;/<>>• 
demurred'.— «. a stop ; pause : hesitation. [Fr. 
dc m curtT t ^ dcmoror, to loiter, lingei^'<£f, 
intenrive, and morvrt to delay.]— «i. dsmx/sr. 

ds amsf S^ d6-mur'l^, n, an allowance made to 
the owner of a trading vessel for undue delay or 

DMBsre^ de-mOx', adf. lit of good-mannert ; sober ; 

staid ; modest ; affectedly modest ; making a show 

of gravity. — a<f v. dsmvrrly. — «. dsaart'asss. [old 

Fr.dl^ {hamus) murs, of good-nvmnen, Fr. meeurt, 

L. morttt manners.] 
Dtay, dft'inJ'. ». a sice of paper aal by Z7I inches. 

[FV. dcmuL, dimtdttuHt uaM-^du, through, and 

modiut, tne middle.] 
Dm, den, m,^ a small narroto vallty; the hollow 

bur of a wild beast; a cave used for concealment 

or security. [A.S. den, dons, a valley.] 
Seaaiy. den'ar4, «^., contaMng tem.—n, the 

number ten. [L. dcnarim—dcmt ten at a time 
dtctm^ ten.] 
dsaaMeaaUss, dfi-nash'un^d-Ts. v./., to deprive 0/ 

national ri^Us, [L. <£#, pnv., and nattoaaUse.] 
DsaatoriUse, de^iafO-ralrTs, cr.l.. to make tmna- 

tnrul; to deprive of acquired citisenship in a 

foreign counffy. [L. de, priv., and aatvalise.] 
Dttdreld, den'drdd, adj., having the form of a 

tree, [Gr. dendron, a tree, and eidos, form.] 
deaflrology, den-droro-ji« n,. a discourse or treatise 

on trees; the natural history of trees. [Gr. 

dendron^ and logos, a discourse.] 

SinlaL See under Daay. 

Senlam, denl-ni. n, orig. a dweller teithin or tnjoy 
ing the privileges of the dtr franchise; an 
inhabitant ; a stranger who has been made a sub- 
ject of the country by lettett-patent— «./. to 
make a denisen of, or admit to residence ; to 
enfnmchise : to provide with occupanu *.— ^•^. 
denlsening ; /aj. denizened, [old Fr. demmm 
—deint, dens, Fr. dans, withLn— L. de intns, 
from withhL)— M. dsalisDiklp. 

Tttanmlaitf dflHQomla-AL v.t., togivea name to; to 
call ; to designate *.— /r>. dCnomlnfttin^ : /a^, 
dCnom^nftted. ih. de, uiA nomino, nomtnatnm, 
to asmb—nomen, a name.] 

dsatinl*^**"'*, de-nom-in-A'shun, n., the act of 
naming; a name Or title ; a collection of indi- 
viduals called by the iame name ; a sect 

dsDOBlnaltonal, d6-nom-in4l^un-al, «(/., belong- 
ing to a denomination or sect. 

dtnffmtwnWftnftlt— », d€>nom4n-i'shun4U-4fln, n,, a 
donommaHonalKa^Msa spirit ot policy; devo- 
tion to the interests of a sect. , 

denominative, dS-nomln-tt-tv, ad/.,gwingor havmg 
a denomination or title.— a^v. dflwalaallvely. 

dsaomlnater, dS-nom^-&t-or, »•.. he who or that 
which /terf a name ; in aritk,, the lower num- 
ber in a vulsar fraction, which 9tames the paits 
into which Uie bteger is divided. 

Dsaole, de-nOt', 9 J., to note or mark; to indicate 
by a sign; to point out; to be the sign of; to 
signify or meant— ^./. dCnOtlng; As./. d«- 
nOfed. [L. denoto de^ intensive, and noto, to 
mark— fvtf/o, a mark or sign.] SeeHe^ 

PsaeaiiaV di-nOtfmong, m. Ht M# mttying ^a 
4bM»/ ; the unravelling of a plot or story ; the issue. 

\hs\ mine; mOte; mOte; mOOD; tkm. 


■ ■ ■■#, lU-Wl-tar-i. ».. «>m#ii with f»Hom 
anythwf m h^iUd, or Wt la Inwt or (or iaio- 
kccfAHf ; ft ffuutliftiit 

<i>nrttia». dep-O-xith'un, n. . act </ di^^iinfl evl- 
denco given in a court of jutUce : removal : act 
^diposUiHg; what it deposited, sediment. 

dapoeltory, d6-poi'i-tor-i, m.. m /tact where 
thins it dtPwittd, 

*«pel, d«-pO', or de'pO, «., •^iactofd*P<mt ; aatore- 
nouae ; a milita^ station where itores are kept 
and recruiu trained ; the head-quarters of a regip 
ment. [Fr. dSpdt—l^ d«poHO.\ 

Sfpravi, d«-priV, vJ, lit ta makt very crooktd; 
to distort : to make bad or worse ; to corrupt : — 
/r>. d«pil/inf :>«.>. d«prtved'. f U d^mvo-^ 
d4^ intensive, iad ^ravus, crooked, bod.) 

depraved, dflKorflvd', adj., crooktd; ' " 

doned.— M^. depwredlir.— «- ' 




t^J^*^ or persons deputed, or appointed 
™***ct business for another. 
4«f!**y. depi'Q.ti, »., ont deputkdm appointed to act 
for anotner ; a delegate or representative. 

4efravalleB, dep-ra-yl'shuo, n., act 0/ dtprmHttg; 
•tote of bring depraved ; depravity. , 

depfafMf, d4^/Hi, n., ttaU 0/ being dt^ved; 
% naturally vitiated or eormpt stau o^" moral 
character : Mtreme wi ck ed nes a ; corrapdoo. 

Pipiisali, dep^re-klt, v.t. to try to ward ejir by 
^ayerl to desire eamcslhr the removal of; to 
regret deeply v-fr.p. dep^rfefltiag ; pa.p. depT- 
recitMt--^uAr. dep ^MMtfc l t y. [L. difrec^, defrt- 
eahu de, sig. taking away, and /»wfr, to pray.] 
iffMaltoa, dep-re-kTshi 

--^^ -, ^^ lun, «., acie/defrKotiMg; 

a prayinf ftjpatnst evU ; coireaty for panloo, 
itpmSlf^ d!rp^r«-kJ^ i$ §nntm f, ^cgfrM. 
tor-i, a4f,, Unditif to depre caU, or avert evil by 
prayer; having tfo form of prayer. 
OepfMtele, d«^rshi-it, v.t. U bring dfmm the 
/Hce e// to lower the worth of; to tmdervakie ; 
to disparage.— tr.^ to foil in vahie:-^.^. d«- 
prrcUting;>«.>.d«pr«'dated. O^ de/hrt^, de- 
pretiahtm—de, down, waA.preiiMm, pnce.] 
depnoUttea, df-prC-shi-l'shun, m., act of defrtH^ 
ating or knrering in vahie; state of being d«- 
preoated; the foflinjp of value; disparagement 
depreeiattviL d^prf shi-ft-tiT, Aspisdatsty, d«-pre- 
shi-fl-tor-i, a^., ttndirtg ta eUprtciaU or lower. 
Deprecate, dep'rC-dflt, v.t.,ta frmder vtprey nfon ; 
to rob; to lay waste ; to derour:— ^.>. depr«- 
dltbg : >t./. dtj/riOMled. 0^ deprwdor^ defrm- 
datuM'-dit intensive, and/nrd^rs, plunder.] 
tfaptedaHoa, dep-rfl^ll'shun, n.,actif depredating 

or plundering ; state of being depredated, 
depredator, dearS-dA-tor, n., a plunderer, a robber. 
depredaaery, dep'rC-iUUtor-i, adj., tending or de- 
signed /^ <A^^«i^i^ ; plundering. 
I^ipriss, di-^rea^f v.t.. ta press dawn; to let down ; 
to lower ; to humble : to dispirit or cast a gloom 
over '—P^-P. depressing ',Pa.p. depressed'. — €ulv. 
depresf'uigiy. [Li.deprima,d^pressu9n—de,dowa, 
and prema, to press. ] 
deprsesloa, d^rMh'un, n.,etcto/depressinjgm\i3m' 
ering ; state of being depressed : a fallmg in or 
sinking ; a hollow : abaaement ; dejection, 
deprasstve^ dfl-preslv, a4/.. able or tending ta depress. 
diprisseiv de-pres'or, n., kaotr that which depresses. 
'V9prtw% de-prTv^. v.t., ta take awayjram one his 
awn; to take from ; to dispossess; to bereave :— 
yr.A dtortv^g ; pa.p. deprived'. [L. de, from, 
and/mwr. one a own.] 
**'^^^*'^ dep-ri-vft'shun, «., act of depriving: 

stote of bemg deprived ; loaa ; bereavement. 
Btplh. See under Deepw 

ipila, de-pot', v.t. to Appoint or send, as a sub- 
•wtute or agent ; Co tend with a apecial commis- 

- — -, de-rflnj', v.t. lit. ta breah the range or 

rank; to put out of place or order ; to disorder : 

^-pr.p. derWing :>«.>. dCrlnged'. [Fr. <//- 

ranger— di, L. dis, asunder, and ranger, to 

rank.] See Baage^ Baak. 
■ aaf I. de-rftnj'ment, n., act of derangistg; 

state of being deranged ; disorder ; insanity. 
liiinsi, der'e-likt, adj., entirely relinquished or 
forsaken; abandoned.— «k anything forsaken 

or abandoned. [L. derelinqua, dereUctus—de, 

intensive, and Unaua, to leave.] 
■dlillia, der-e-lik^shim, n., act of forsaking; an 

entire fonaldng ; state of being abandoned. 

■Ma, de-rfd', v.t., ta laugh at; to mock \—pr.P. 

derld'ing;/*./. derTd'ed.— Aftr.deridlagly. [L. 

J^ridea de, intenave, and rideo^ to laugh.] 
; de-itdfer. n., one wha derides. 

tWaa, de-rixhun, n., act ^deriding; state of 

being derided ; modcery : a laughing-stock. 

-"-*— de-rislv« a4j.9 containing derision; 

]>«flv% de-fTv'. v.t. to draw from, as 'm^Axx froin a 
r iv e r : to takeorreceive from a source or origin ; 
to infer ; in etym, to trace a word to its root : — 
pr.p. dertv'ing; pa.p. derived'. [L. deriva-de, 
down fitMn, and rivus, a river.] 
^ de-riv'a-bl, adj., capable ^beingderived. 

, der-i-vl'shnn, n., act of deriving; % 

drawing off or from ; the tradngof a word to ita 
orig^uuroot ; liaX which b derived. 

d al t aUw ^ de-riv'a-tiv, adj., derived, or taken from 
something dbe ; not radical or onginaL — n. that 
which is derived ; a word taken oe formed from 
another wwd.— *rfp. dsili'sllisly. 

INm, ddrm, n., the shin. [Gr. derma, dermaios, 
the ^khk—der9, to flay.] 

dnaJ. derm'al, adj., pertaining ta the shin; con- 
sisting of skin. 

flsiistnliHT. dte-ma-tofo-ii, n.. a discourse on the 
shin : the branch of physology which treats of 
the skin. [Gr. derma, and logos, a discourse.] 

Doegale, der'e-glt, v.i. Mx, U ash the PeopU to 
tahe away same part of a law; to lessen by 
taking away; to detract :—>r.>. der'Ogfttmg; 
pa.p. det'Ogited. [L. derogo—de, down from, and 
roge, to ask the people.] See Abrogate. ^ 

'^togatlea, der-<^g*'shun, n., act of derogating; a 
taking from; detracdon; deprecuttion. 
segatory, de-rog'a-tor-i, a<^'., tending to derogate.' 
detracting ; injurious.— fl^ft;. darog'aterily.— 1». da- 

Dervl^ dei'vis, DervUh, dovish, n. lit. a poor man, 
a beggar; among Mohammedans, a class of monks 
who profess extreme poverty, and lead an austere 
life. [Pers. derwtsch, ^oot—derew, to beg.] 

Deseaal, deaTcant, n. lit. and orig. a part song; 
a discourse or disquisition m several parts, or 
under several heads ; a discourse. [L. ^</, apart, 
and cantus, a »tmg— canto, to sbg.], 

dasoaat, des-lcant', v.u, to sing a varttUton or m 
parts; to discourse under several heads ; to com- 
ment I'-pr.p. descanting ; Pa.p. descant'ed. 

de-aend', v.i., to Jump or cHmh dawn; to 

Ate, Or 

-Ote; mate; mOOn; Men. 



of Um world; to put to death : to dinoM of; to 
perfona miitiSSkf v-^J, dflqMtdi'mg: /«./. 
d4v(Mcho(r.— 4V. a Mnainf away b haste ; du- 
miMal : lapid perfoniuuice|haste : that which is 
despatdiad. as amenafe. [Fr.^/feA/r; It du- 
^mcciarw L. JSfr, asunder, and ^ango, factum, 
to fiuten, to fix.] 

I)«sp«ali^ ftc. Sea under OMpalr. 

nwymn, da^pn; an old form ofOMvUa. 

d*«pls', 9./., J^ JSmI i^;nw« fl{^, with 

iHplli^ dA^Tt', n^^grmisfiUt or a lookingdowm. 
#M with contempt; idolent malice or hatred. — 
>ng^., ^ »^ tf; notwithstanding. [Fr. di^t, 
for dtM-'l^ dttptctut-dts^dcUA 

«s«ttift( da^pTt'fool, «4f^,fiiUofdet^ or spite. 

— «/v. ii^itiriauy.— »fc dwpttolatBMt. 

Despoil, dS-^olF, v./., /« tpoU compUUfy ; to strip ; 
to bmave ; to rob :— >r./. despoillnK;>«>. <m- 
^MMled'. [L. i&» iutensire, and IpolLJ 

Deitsai, d€-q>ond', v.i, lit Jl» fromU* mwav; to 
lose ooun4;e ; to despair ^-^/^•/• dCspond'Ing ; 
^>. dSspond'ed.— Aiv. AsspondlaiSy. (L. <Mf- 
/Mbif»— dSr, away, and ^AmmEw, to promise.] 

to f oad eat , dft-spond'ent, aCT'i duftimittir; with- 
out couiiife or hope ; sad.— «^. tsspoaceetly. 

isspeadsnes^ dS^spond'ens, dsspow<tonry, d6-spond'- 
en-si, M., tiaig (tf being desp&ndini or without 
hope; d^ection. 

Despot des'pot «s. li t maxUr ofikt keuUt ktuXtand; 

one InveMed with absolute power ; a tyrant [Gr. 

du^tit—^Ut. connected with damot, a lunise. 

ana root /tf/, found in L. ^ti», able. Sans, paht 

a husband.] 
dsspoUe, det^wt^ dsspettnal, dea-potHc-al, mdj., 

ferttuniHf U or like a dnPet; having absolute 

power ; absolute \ tymnninn mdv, isspc< 

dsspottoB, des'pot-izm, m., the fewer or principles 
f/^a detpet; absolute power. 

Dsspwmsfs^ des'pQ-mIt, or d^, v.i,, te ikrow ^m 
foam or scum i—fr.f, desyomiring ; /a^/dt^' 
pQmAted. [Lb de^ttme, detfmmmtu* de , off, 
and 4;^«MMa, foam.] 

isspnmsUnn, des-pO-ml'shnn, n,, ike mcief tikivw- 
mg^woA fonming scum on the surface. 

Dsoqtaamattea, dea-kwa-ml'shun, or dS^, iv., a tcaUng 
effi the separation of the cuticle or skin in 
ecaiet, [L. deequamOt deequanuUu»~^t off, 
and sqnama, a scale.] 

D isss rt , dex-stet^ n, fruits, confections, ftc* aerved 
at the dose of an entertainment after the rest has 
been taken mway, [Tr.'-desurvir. to dear Uie 
table— L. de, from, away, and tervie, to serve.] 

Dsstsaspsr, det-temfpir. Distemper, di»-tem'p£r, is. a 
coarse mode ofpainnng, in which the colours are 
U mp e t e d or mixed in a wategr glue, chiefly used 
in scene-painting and in staining paper for walls. 
[Fr. ditrempe-4i, L. die, and tremper for tem^ 
prer, L. temperare, to teo^Mr.] 

PisMas^ dentin, tr.A, U mmke ie eimmd or tei/!ut; 
to ordain or appoint to a certain use or state ; to 
fix ; to doom >-^^. dei^tinbg ; A*./* des'tined. 
(L. de eHme de , btenslve^ and root eUme, allied 
to Or. kitUm». hietiwd^ to make to stand.]! 

iasMMMsB, des-a«Jl'shun, n, the purpose or end to 
which anything Is dt t timd or a^^iiUed ; end ; 
poipose ; design ; fate : place to which one Is going. 


^•*™^» det'ti-nl, n, the purpose or end to which 
^y penon or thing is dtetmed or appointed : 
unavoidable fiUe; necessity. 

Dii H^Ui ^ de<^tl»tOt, awmy; left alone; 
forsaken : In want, needy. [L. dettiiue, deetp- 
iutue—de, away, ixA eiaiue, to place.] 

dsstltvtfoa, des-ti-ta'shun, n., siaie ^ beini desii- 
iuie; poverty. 

Destroy, dfi-stroy', v.i., ie utthdU or fttO down ; 

to overturn; to ruin; to put an end \a>-pr.p, 

destroy^g;>aj^. destroyed'. [L. desiruc, ae^ 

t tr u etum e u , down, %xAetruo, to buikL] 
dMtroysr, dS-atrojr'^t n., erne who destroy e, 
deslcvetlfeK dfi-struk'ti-bl, adj., eaMU qf heii^ 

dettroyedi liable to be destroyed.— m. dsstrao- 

dsstnetlon, dS-struk'shun, n,, act ^ desireyinri 

stateof being destroyed; overthrow ; ruin ; death, 
dsstristtvi^ dS-struk'tiy, eidj., coMtiug dettrmetwn : 

mischievous; rdnous; deadly, adv, dsstne^ 

tlvely.— M. tfestrao'tlveasas. 

DssadsMea, dea-O-dt'shun, n. Ut a vielent rtveattHr; 

an eruption of small pimples on children. [L. 

de, intensive^ and eude, to sweat] 
D sa ast ads^ de^w€-tQd, m., disuse; discontbuance 

of custom, habit or practice. [!>. detuet udo ■ 

de, n^ative, and suesce, to become used.] 

De sa l t e r y , des'ul-tm^, a4/;/um^inf/rem one thing 
to another ; without rational or logical connec- 
tion; rambling; hastv; loose. — €uh. dss'aMorlly. 
— n. dss^altennsssi [L. desuUeriua—de, from, 
and salio, to jump.] 

Delaoh, dC-tach^, v.i., ie mUack or unfasten; to 
take from or separste ; to withdraw i—/r.p. de- 
taching ; pa.p, detached'. [F^. detacher-iU, 
from, and root of Atflaok.] 

JslsiitMMtL de-tach'ment, n., act ff detackinf; 
state of being detached; that which Is detached, 
as a body oitroops. 

Detail, de-tU'. v,t. VtL ie eui devm at bto parts ; 
to relate minutely ; to enumerate : to set apart 
for a partioilar snvioe >-Pr.p. detuling ; /a.p. 
detailed'.— 4S. a small part ; a minute and particular 
account [Fr. detmiuer-~de, down, and iaiider, 
to cut— L. ialea, a cutting. See DeaL] 

Detain, de-tin', v.i,. ie hold /rem or back ; to stop ; 
to keep 9-/^/. detain'mg ; >«.>. detained*. [L. 
de tit Ue d e, from, and ienee. to hdd.] 

detainer, de-tSn'er, %•, ene whe detaime; b law, 
the holding of what bdoogs to another. 

detainment, de-tdn'ment, dete atl oa, de-ten'shun, u., 
act ^deteunimg; state of bebg detained ; con- 
finement; delay. 

Dets fl K de-tekt', SMKVfwr— hence ie dts- 
cever; to find out i—fr.*. ddtecf mg ; pa.p. de- 
tect'ed. fL. de. neg., and ten, tectus. to cover.] 

deteetaUe, de-tek'ta-bl, adj., thai may he detected. 

deteetsr, deteeter, dd-tekt'er, n., ene who detects. 

delectieB, de-tek'shun, n.. act ff detecting; dis- 
covery of somethbg hidden. 

detectlvs, de-tek'tiv, adj., tending ie detect.— n. a 
policeman employed secretly te detect crime. 

Deteatlea. See under Detain. 

Deler, de-tei', v.i., ie frighten from: to hinder or 

prevent >-pr.p, deterring ; /«.>. deterred'. [L. 

deterree—de, from, and ierree, to frighten.] 

Detavgs^ dd-teij', v.U, ie wUe iff I to deanse (as 
a wound) :-^^. deterging; jta./. deterged'. 
[L. detergeo, deiersus^-de, off, and iergee, to 

hdri bAm; aOte; mllte; nO0n;.MeQ. 


votu*—€Ut away, and tvcwv, to tow.] 

4iT0ftod, dS- vOc'ed, etdj. , addicUd; strongly attached; 
zealous.— tf<^. dtroCtdly.— «r. divol'tdaMa 

AtTotM» der-^te'^ »., Mf# wholly or superstitiously 
devoted, especially to religion ; a bigoL 

ierotloii, d6-va'shan, »., act of devottt^i state of 
beinff deroted or devout : consecration ; giving 
up of the mind to the worship of God ; piety ; 
prayer : strong affection or attachment ; ardour. 

isvollonal, d6-v<rshun-al, adj.^j^erUwUng or suit- 
able to devotion, — adv, 4ii9vkomMJ3f. 

d«vovtk de-vout', adj., devoted to reUgion; pious; 
solemn ; 8incere.~-<M9. dsvostlj. — n, devoat^nMi. 

Devoir, dS>voui', vJ., to twaUow preedily ; to eat 
up : to consume or waste with violence or wanton- 
ness ; to desteoy : to erjoy with avidity >-pr.^, 
dSvouj^ing; ^a^. devoured'. [L. devoro—de, 
down, and tvrv, to swallow.] 

dsvoTO, de-vouz'te, M., one who devourt, 

Davovt. See under Devote. 

Dow, da, «>., tear/ or moisture deposited on the suz^ 

face of the earth from the air, chiefly at night. — 

v.t. to wet with dew ; to moisten ^■^r./. dew%g; 

/«.>. dewed'. [A.S. deaw, Ger. ihoM, dew; Qt, 

dend. to wet.] 
dowy, dQl, €ulj\ffertainin£todew; moist with dew. 
dowUp^ dOlapf n, the loose flesh about the throat 

of oxen, which Zoe/r or licks the dew in gianng. 
dowpolnt^ da'point, »., the fointot temperature at 

which dew begins to form. 

Dozler, deks'tir, adj., on the fight-hand nde; 
right [L. dexter; Or. dexiot; Sans. dahsh,'\ 

dixtafUj, deks-tetl-ti, »., right-han dtdnen f clever- 
ness ; readiness and grace of limb ; adroitness. 

doztoroa% deks't^us, adj\, right-handed; adroit ; 
subtle.— a/9. doai'loroMly. — n, dox'toroiUBoa. 

doxtral, deks'tral, adj., right, as opposed to left. 

Dey, dA, ». lit a maternal tmcie; the title of the 

fovemor of Algiers before the French conquest 
Turk, ddi, a maternal unde.] 
Dlabotei^ dl-a-bC'tCZp n. a morbid and excessive dit' 
eharro of urine. [Or. diabitls, from dia, through, 
and oaind, to go.] 
dlabotto, dT-a-bePik, adj., pertaining to diaietett 
afflicted with diabetes. 

DUbolle, dr-a-bonk, D Ia b oltoal, dl-a-bol'ik-al, adj., 

devilish.— adv, dIalMlleally. [Or. diaboUkos, 

from diabolos, the deviL] 
Dlaoonal, DUeonato. See under Doaeoa. 
Diaeittle, dl-a-kxit^ik, DUerttSeal, dl-a-kritOk-al, adj., 

separating or distinguishing between. [Or. Jm- 

hritihos—dia, between, ana hrin9, to separate.] 
Dladom, dl'a-dem, n., a band or fillet worn round 

the head as a badge of royalty; a crown; 

royalty. [Or. diadhna — dia, round, and deO, 

to bind.] 
<lia<1oniod, dl'a-demd, eulj,, wearing a diadem, 

DUnosls, Dtoradi^ dT-ex'C-us, m., the separation of 
one syllable into two ; a mark ( ■* ) placed over 
one of two vowels to shew that each is to be 
pronounced separately, as in atrial, [Or.— iAi», 
denoting separation, smd hairt9, to take.] 

DlaffBoda, dl-a^-nO'sis, n., the judging^ or distin- 
guishing a disease by means of its symptoms ; a 
brief descriptioa. [Qt.—dia, between, and/M- 
tei^, to judge.] 

ilifBOotle, dl-ag-nos'tik, a^f,, distittguiMig; 
characteristic. — n, that by which anything is 
known; a symptom. 


DUi«»l,'CJ.nal, a4j., through the comers, oe 

f^o^ angle to angle of a four or manv sided 

figure. — n. a straight line so drawn. — adv. dlaif- 

vat^. [L. diagonalis, £rom Or. diag&ttios~-^Ua^ 

throu^ and^MM, a comer.] 

Dtagiam, dfa-gram, «. lit writing or drawing 
round; a figure or plan drawn to illustrate any 
statement [Or. tUajpramma — dia, round, and 
graphs, to write, delineate.] [spective drawing, 

dlagraph, dl'a-gra^ n, an instrument used in per- 

DlaL dfal, n. an instrument for shewing the time 
01 day by the sun's shadow ; the face of a watch 
or dodc. [low L. dialis, daily — L. dies, a day.] 

dlaUsk, dfal-ist, n., a maherq/ dials; one skilled in 

dlalUni; dfal-ing, n., the art of constructittg dials, 

Dlalool^ dfa-lekt, if. lit speahing across or to- 

gether : discourse ; language ; a variety or 

peculiar form of a language. [Or. dialehtos-^ 

dia, through, and legd, to speak.] 
dlalooOe, dl-a-lek'dk, dlatoetteal, dl-a-lek'tik-a], 0^% 

Perteuning to dialect or to discourse : pertaitf 

ittg to dialectics; logical — adv. dlaloo'tioally. 

[Gr. dialehtihos.} 
dlataotks, dl-a-lek'tOcs,, art 0/ discussing: 

that branch of logic which teaches the rules and 

modes of reasoning. (Gr. dialehtihi {techni), art 

of discussing by questioning, logic. 1 
ilaliotldaa, dl-a-lek-tish'an, n., one skilled in dia^ 

lecties, a logician, 
dialogve, dTa-Tog, n., conversation between two or 

more persons, ^p. of a formal or imaginary nature, 
dtaloglst, dT-al'o-jist, n., a speaker in, or writer of, 

diynglstift, dl-al-o-jist'ik, 41>lnfisli«m1, dT-al-o-jisf- 

ik-al, adj., relating to or ia the form of dialogue. 

DIalyals, dl-all-sis, »•> ' loosening: the separation 
of substances by diffusion through a membranous 
septum or partition: diseresis.— ^/. Dlalyso^ 
dl-aTi-sCr. [Gr. dialyses—dia, through, ana 
fy9, to loose.]— 0<Cr. dlalytlA. 

IMamafnotle, dT-a-mag-netIk, adj., cross-magnetic; 
applied to any substance whidi when suspended 
takes an east and west position, or one opposite 
to that of the ordinary magnet. [Gr. dia, 
through, across, and mognites, a magnet] 

Dfanwtor, dl-am'e-tte, n.^ the measure tkrvutjk or 
across; a straight Ime passing througn the 
centre of a drde or^ other figure, terminated at 
both ends by the circumference, and dividing 
the figure into two equal parts; the distance 
through the centre of any object [Gr. dia- 
metro s dia , through, and metron, a measure.] 

diamotcleal, dl-a-met^-al, ttdj., relati$tg to or 
describing diameter; in the direction of a 
diameter; direct — adv. dlanofrleally. 

Dlaauod, dfa-mond, n, lit adamant; the most 
valuaUe of all gems and the hardest of all sub- 
stances : a four-sided figure with two obtuse and 
two acute angles : the smallest kind of English 
printing type, [corrupted from Gr. adamas, 
adammntos, adamant] See AJaaaat 

DlapMMi| dl-a-pA'zon, n. the octave or interval 
which mdudes all the notes of the scale ; the con- 
cord of the first and last notes of the scale. [Gr. 
dia, through, and /at^ genitive \fL of pas, all— 
contr. from uie Gr. phrase hi diaptudn chordSn 
symphihua, the concord through all the notes.] 

Dlapor, df a-p6r, n. variegated doth, orig. like 
jasper; linen doth woven in figures, used for 


mnte; mOte; mOte; mOOo; tkau 


nMBMBt of ftlfiun; a peiplenty: ouaitd or 
matter of dispute. [Fr. tUffiadtS—U £jiatltat,] 

nmdm, diriment, ad/., waHtiM^/uitk injdis- 
irmiful of one's self or of one's own awl^^S 
modest ; bashfuL-iM/v. OIS'Mntty. (L. dtffUUtu, 
dmdentu, pr.p. of d^da. to distrust-<^, rieg. 
fid0, to tru»t-vW»f Gx^\ 

«Mdne^ difl-dens, m., th* ttaU of Mttr diffi' 
dent ; want of confidence : want of self-reuance ; 
modesty; bashfulness. VU diffid€ntuu\ 

DIAu*, dif-fti*', v,t. , iopffitr out all around; to send 
out in all directions ; to scatter; to circulate; to 
publish ^-^^. diflniilng; Ar.>. dimised'.--«», 
dlflos'fr. IL. diffitHdo, dtfitna-dif, asunder, 
/imdot to pour out) .... . . 

diftut, dif-A^, adj.,d^fu$td; widel y sprea d; wordy; 
not concise.— «A'. dUfnsrty.— «. iliiBrniM 

41fl«Nd, dif-Asd', aJU., sprtad wuUfy; loose ; wild. 
—aao. dUtDs'edly.— «. dUEos'edMM. 

dlflulble, dif-fiUlbl, a<Cr., Mo/ may h€ diffiutd,^ 
n. dlflUlMltty. 

tfUtadea, dif-flrxhun, »., /^ «c/ of diJfuHmg; a 

tadtnOj.-^. UStadln 
Dig, dig, v.i.^UmakgadiUh or trench; to turn 

• the 


***'*^. dig'ni^, «., M# sUU ^ Mug woH^ 

^' vtfft^M^; elevation of mind or character ; 

grandeur of mien : elevation in rank, place, &c. ; 

cicgree of eMsellenod ; preferment ; high office. 

[Pr. d(p$£U—L. difm^ar--digmi»,] ^ , . 
dlSBiteiy, dig'ni-taiH, ii. one in a di^rn^d^oAuaa ; 

one who nolds an cccleiisttirai rank above a 

priest or canon. [Fr. diiniUUro—'L, dignitat.} 
Dlgvaph, dfgraf, n., a d^nbU mark; two letters 

which express but one sound, as #0 mhead. [Gr. 

dit twice, double, gra^kit a mark, a chaxacter^ 

gra^t to write.] 
Digrss^ di-ptd, v.i., io *U/ atid* or go from the 

main pomt or sul^ect; to introduce irrelevant 

matter \—pr.f, diena^iag;^./. digressed'. [L. 

digrtdiorj, dtgrttstu—dit aside, gradwr, to step.] 
dlgTMBifla, di-gitsh'un, ic, tkd act fffdigroumg; a 

part of a discourse not upon the main subject 
digrisslmiil. di-gresh'ttn-al, dlgnsslviL di-grsslv, 

a4j.,p€rtaimng U or consisting oi digrettion. 

—adv. HgntdtHtj. 
Dlhidral, dl-hC'dral, adf.. kaving two hates, sides* 

or surfaces. [Gr. di, double, Msdra, a base. 
DIks, dik, fi., a tnnch or M# oarth dug out and 

thrawH up: a ditch; a mound raised to prevent 

inundation ; In gfoL, a wall-like mass of igneous 

rock in the fissures c^ stratified rodcs. — v,i* to 

DifasMe, dl-gas'trik, a^'., doMbMnlUod, applied to 
one of the musdes of the lower jaw. How L. 
digasiricut-Gt. di, double, gattir, the belly.] 

Mgist. di-jest', vJ. Ut to carry, i^fiff^^dirtc- 
tiotu, to break down; to dissolve food In the 
stomach; tosoftenbyheatandmoisture: to dis- 
tribute and arrange ; to prepare or classify In Ae 
mind ; to think over.— v.i to be dissolved m the 
stomach : to be softened by heat and moisture : 
-pr.*, digesting ; pa.p, digesl'ed.— «. dlfjrt'tr. 
[L. digtro, digutui-di, asunder, goro, to bMr.j 

methocucally arranged ; a body of laws, esp. the 
Justinian code of avil laws. [L. i£tf«rte, neut 
pL of digestm,pfu^. of digtiv, to arrange.] 

di-jesKU, adj., that may bolUgtsUd: 

easy of digestion.— ^^dlfcsttUHtr. , , , , 

Olgwtloa, ««Jesf yun, n., the dissolvimg of the food 
in the stomach ; orderly arransement ; exposmg 
to slow heat, &c [L.rfififrrfw.] 

dlgwtlve^ di-jestlv, adj., tending to cause digettion. 

Dlflt, dijlt, n. Kt. a/tnger; a finger's breadth or 
a inch ; mun the habit of counting on the fingers, 
any one of the nine figures : the ssth part of 
the d tff"**^** of the sun or moon. CL. digitus, 
a finger or toe, akin to Gr. deiknstmi, Sans, die, 
to shew, to point out] . ^ 

digital, dAltriO, a4f., pertaining to the fingers, 
[L. iUntaHs.] 

dlgttate^ di/i-tlt, digitated, dij'Uited, adt\ con; 
listing of wtwnlfinger4ike sectioos. [1*. digp- 
tatus, having finger^-^£fcf»/i«r.>-«. digtta tloa. 

dlgitlgradSb dijVti-griUl, ad/., walking on the toes. 
—M. an animal toat walks on its toes, as the hon. 

[L. tUgifus, wadgradior, to step, to walk.] 
Mgniiy, dig'ni-n, vX lit to make wortfy; to Invest 

with honour ; to exalt i-pr^ diaftatfiog ; pa.p. 

dig'nified. flow L. dign^ico—dignus, worthy, 

facio, to make.] 
dj^lisd, dig'ni-fxd, ae^„ marked with dignity; 

exalted; noble; grave. 

surround with a dike or bank:— ^^ diking; 
>«.> diked'. [K,S. die; Yt. digue. See Dig.] 

lNlae«ata, di-Us'«r4U, v.t., to rend oe tearasuet^ 
der.'—pr.p. dilac'ertting ;/«.>. diUw/etlted.— «. 
dflaflrtntfoB. [L.-^ asunder, and iMMate.] 

DUapidaH di-la^-<ULt, v.t., to pull etone from 
stone; to lay waste; to sufifer to go to mia.-- 
v.i. to waste by decay or neglect : — 3^.>. dilanr- 
idftting; >«.>. dflapldated.— M. dlWldaler. [L. 
dilt^luU—dt, asunder, lapis, lapidis, a stone.] 

dnsplrtiflsn, di-lap-l<U'shun. n., the state ^ being 
dilapidated; impairing or church property by an 

Mlata, dl-Utf, v.t., to spread out\s^sSX dirsctlons : 
to enlaige ; to relate at large.— «r.£. to widen ; to 
swell out ; to speak at length ^-^.>. dllitlng : 
^>. dllAt'ed.— M. dOalTer. [l^dilato-dilatus, 
pa.p. cidiffero—d^, 9M»xaAtr,/ero, to carry.] 

HI'MN*. dwit^a-bl, adj., that may he dilated or 

expanded— ». dUataUTlty. 
infif*t1"r. diUi-ti'shun, dUstiaa, dl-Ushun, n., the 

act of dilating, or the state of being dilated; 

dflatarr, dlKa-tor-i, adj. lit extending or putting 

o/fume; slow; given to procrastination ; loiter- 

fog ; tending_to _delay.-«^. dU'atatUy. — 

(U dilatoriuo-^dOato.} 

Dilemma, di4emra, n. an argument in whidi the 

opponent is ceutght between two difficulties: a 

state of matters in which it is difficult to deterw 

mine what course to pursue. [X„—Qt. diOmma 

^-di, twice, double, Ummm, anything Rceived 

—lamhani, to take, to seise.] 
nitltantaw dil-et^tan'tl, n. one who delights in the 

fine arte.-//. dflsttaa'M M.-n. dlMtaaftdn. 

[It pr.p. of dUetare, to take delight in— L. 

delectare, to delight] 
DQlginl^ dOijent, mdj. lit meikinga choice Joving; 

attentive; steady and earnest in apptotion; 

industrious.— ^^tr. dttlfinlly. Vrt.-^ls. diligens, 

dUigenU^-dOigo, to choose, to lof^ 
dlUgwMe, diTi-jens, n., the quality o/heing dih- 

gent; steady application ; industry. 
Dm, dil, fi. a plant, the seeds of wfaicb are used In 

\e; mOte; mOte; mOOn; Men. 



dipkMftllo, dlp-lO-mat^, n, a numster at a for^gn 

court.— ^ the sdence of dedphering ancient 

writinjcs, MM diplomas. &c [Fr. di^hmoHqm.] 
dtptomatUt, di-pfo'ma-bst, n,, ong sMUed m di^ 

DUVtr. See under Dip. 
DlptM, dip'ias, n. an Asatic and American tree> 

snake whose bite is said to cause intense Hdrti. 

[Gr. <fr >w rf t>i«, thirst] 
IMpsoasaala, dip^O-mi'm-a, n. a confirmed mamia 

or insane tmrtt for alcoholic stimulants. [Gr. 

di^ta, thirst, and matUa, madness.] 
IMptanl, dip'tAr-al. IMplerovs, dip't^us, a4/-t haviM£ 

tw0 wingt, [Gr. di, twice, >/mn», a wine.] 
dlpleraa, mi/t^an, m. an insect having omy two 

wings, as the house-fly.— ^. diF^feeraas, ordlptoa. 
DipCote, dip^tOt, n, a noun which has only two eau 

endikgt. [Gr.di/atot—di, twice, ^ttiot, (allay-' 

fiptd, to faU.] 
Dtrs^ dtr, dIrM, dTr^fool, adj.^ftarfui; dreadful ; 

cadamitous in a high d^jee ; sad and dismaL 

[L. dints, perhaps aldn to Gr. dndd, to fear.>— 

adv, dliw'Mtty. — m. illiVfiitnsis 

INrtet^ di-rekt', mdj,, omte straight: straightfor- 
ward ; in the line of descent : outspoken ; smcere. 
-ff.t. to keep or lay quite straignt ; to point or 
aim stxaightly 0€ correctly: to point out the 
proper course to : to guide ; to order : to mark 
with the name and residence of a person :— /r.>. 
direct^g ; /«•/. direct^ed. — €uh» Hmc^fla. — n, 
dtneVasss. [L. dirigo, dirrettu—di, completety, 
and rego^ to rule, to make straight.] 

dirsetloa, di-rek'shun, n., act iff Mrecting: aim at 
a certain point ; the line or course in which any- 
thing mores : guidance ; command : the body of 
persons who guide or manage a matter: the 
written name and residence oia person. 

dirsettve, di-rek'tiv, adj., havimg^twer or tendency 
to direct, 

dlrsetor, di-reVtor, «., one who directs; a manager 
or goYcnuMr ; a counsellor : part of a machine or 
instrument whidi guides its motion.— ^/bw. dlrtet'- 
rsas or dtieetilz. 

dirsetonts, di-rek'tor-It. dirsetoHUp, di-rek'tor-ship, 
n., the ofiSce 4/^ or a body oi directors. 

dlTMJtecUl, di-rek-t^ri-al, adj., ^ertai$Umg to di- 
rectors; ^ring direction. 

dlrsetoiy, di-rek'tor-i, adj., containing directions; 
guiding.— M., a body 0/ directions ; a guide ; a 
book with the names and residences <m the in- 
habitants of a place : a body of directors. 

IUrsfttl,&& See under Dirt. 

Dli|ih d^, n. lit directi^\ a funeral song or 
hvmn. [contracted from dirige, the first word 
of a Latin funeral hymn, from dirigo, to direct] 

DM, dirk, n, a dagger or poniard. [Scot dstrk; 

Gael durc.l 
Dixit d^ n., dung, excrement; any filthy sub> 

stance. — v.t. same as tixtji—^.p. diking ; 

ito./. dirt'ed. [A..S, gedritan, Scot arite, to ease 

one's self; Ice. drit, excrement] 
dirty, dtetl, adj., defiled with dirt; foul; filthj; 

mean. — v./.to soil with dirt; to sully:— /r./. dirry- 

ing ;>«.>. dirtied.— a/v. dirt'Oy.-w. dirtlBsaB. 

DtsaMs, dis-iU, v.t., to make unable; to deprive 
of power ; to weaken ; to disqualify './—Pr.p. dis- 
ftliling ; ia.p. di8ftl>led. [L. dis, priv., and Able.] 

disBMlily, dissa-bill-ti, n., state 0/ being disabled ; 
-^Qt of power ; want of legal qualification* 

'. dis-a-bOz', v.t, to free from abuse otw3a- 


tike ; to tindeceive ; to set right [L. dis, priva- 

XX^ and Abase.] 
IMi^^viutofa, dis-ad-van'tftj. n., want of advant- 

age; what is unfavouraole to one's interest: 

Ims ; injury. [L. dis, negative, and Advantage.] 
dlsadvaBtafso«8, dis^ui-van-tl'jus, adj., attended 

with disadvantage; unfavourable.— «</9. disad- 

dis-af-fdct', v.t., to take awa^ the affection 

of; to make discontented or unfriendly. — adv. 

disaSMl^edly.— M. dlsaflNfedBaas. [Lw ais, priv., 

and AflMl] 
diaaAwtloB, dis-af-fek'shun, n., state of being die- 

affected; want of afiection or frienoliness ; di»* 

loyalty; hostility; ill-wiU. 
DiaaAxB, dis-af-fbrm', v.t. to den^f (what has been 

affirmed) ; to contradict [L. ms, neg., & Aflna.] 
D isaam ee l, dis-af-foc'est, v.t., to deprive of the 

privil^e oi forest laws :-^>r.;^. disaffoc'estiiig: 

/a./, (usaffitf^estcd. [L. dis, priv., L» ttd, to, and 


DIaagne, dis-a-grC', v.L, not to arree; to differ or 
be at variance ; to dissent [L.tftf,neg.,&AcrM.] 

disagiseabls, dis-a-gre'a-bl, adj., not agreeable; 
tmpleasant ; offiensive. — m. disagi W a bk Bass. m/ y. 

at, dis<*-gri'ment,M., want tf agreement : 

act of disagreeing ; difference ; unswtableness ; 

IMsallew, dis-al-low', v.t., not to allow; to refuse 

permission to ; to deny the authority of; to reject 

[L. dis, negative, and ADov.^ 
dlaaUovaUe, dis-al-low'a-bl, at^., not allowable. 
diaallovaaea^ dis-al-IoVans, «., act of disallowing, 

Dlsaaavl, dis-an-nul', v.t., to annul completely. [L. 
dis, intensive, uid Anavl.]— m. dlsaaaarmeat, 

DlsiVpaar, dis-ap-pCi', v.i., to cea^ to appear; to 
vamsh from signt [L. dis, neg., and Appear.] 

diai^paaraaoa, dis-ap-pCf'ans, n., act ^ disappear' 
i$ig; removal from sight 

Dls^polBl^ dis-ap^intf, v.t. to hinder from the 
attainment of iR^t was ap^ointod, intended, or 
hoped ; to frustrate. [L. du, neg., and AppoiBt] 

dlsi^ppolatBMat, dis-ap^int'ment, n.^ tut of disap- 
pointing; state of being disappointed ; miscar- 
riage ; IrustratiozL 

Diaiq^probatlaa. See under JMsappivTe. 

D iaappi efe, dis-ap-prOOV, v.t., not to approve; to 
give an unfavourable opinion of; to reject' ad v. 
dl aa w uflngly. [L. du, negative, and Approve.] 

dls^^pcoval, dls-ap-prGOv'ail, diaappcobatioa, dis-ap- 
prO-bi'shun, n., etct of disapproving; censure; 

Dlsam, dis-Srm', or dix-, v.t., to deprive of arms; 
to render defenceless ; to quell ; to render harm- 
less. [L. dis, priv., and Am.]—^ diaam'ainaat. 

Diaairaaga, dis-ar-r8i\|', v.t. to deprive of armnge* 
ment; to disturb tne oroer of, to disorder. \\^ 
dis, priv., and Arraaft.] — n. disarraaga'mtiit 

Disanmy, dis-ar-rS', v.L, to break the array of; to 
throw into disorder : to strip of array or dress. 
— n. want of array or order : undress. [L. dis, 
privative, and Ainy.] 

IHissaoHata, dis-as-sG'shi-St, v.t. to disconnect 
things associated. [L. dis, priv., and Aasoelate.] 

Diaastar, diz^as'tir, n. orig. the blast or stroke of an 
unpropitious star; an adverse or unfortunate 
event ; a misfortune ; calamity. [L» eUs, nega- 
tive, and astrum, Gr. astron, astir, a star.] 

filte, f2lr; m€,hte; mine; mOte; mQte; mOOo; Men. 

DlitaT, dJj-bSr', V.I. to cipel ■ bamrter from the 

bMl. [L di,, priY., miTbm.] 
MibiUmi di^M-KV, t.t, «,/ A, Mhv; to Tttaae 
. (L.^Dcg., lodBlUn*] 
'4r, ■., an hAi disialitea. 
L, TBUM/ tf biiufi act Df dii- 


K the uiiDd IpKt.), [L. iBi, ; 
BH. dii-buri', v.l., to /a^/nnm Ht*tirtt; to 
'•—/r.f. Htbat^ing ; M-J. diibuned'- 

la icca^azKs with ndo . 

IPC ; >a-A dil'dplmal. 

llfdpUuiT. di/ii-pUn-ar-I, ai^., frrialnbir It a 

uilended for diKifiint. 
HadAlB, dis-kUm', V.I., to rtmmmct timim iff ' to 

"J^^J^^lnJeoitonyKt. lL.^,pr!™. 
jKlitaw, di^kllin'ir, K, «w nb, diulidmi; ■ 

dcnul, disiVDWal, or noujicutiarL 
*■*■■. dil-Uai', V.I., tfftmcliui to open; to liT 

open ; la bring to tighl ; lo Rrell [U lAr, nesa. 

, See under IMh. 
B, dis-kul-tr, v.t 
i; to dunce the i 

cooixrt, to faolk; to drl^at or i 
carffiringi >B.>. diiconi'filed. 
the opposle, end fn/Scu, 1i 
thoroucnly.juiw, to make.] 
lUwuil t ai i.dn-lHun'fii.Qr, ■■, actj/ifiimriiirt. 
■late of being dJsCDmfited ; fiuiLntioi ; deiea 
du-kum'furt, n., mml ii/a»iftrt: \ 

. . __ — ,_, ...I, I, fair aatf lit 
cptH^omrt nf: to <!iaanange» to dinzdet; to 
diituib. [L. iSi, prindve, and DempoH.] 

*lw«P«%dii-k™^di(lr, -., ,l«u ^ Mv 
duam^md; diHtda; agicuioii. 

MHeoar^ d«-koB-*4rf, v.l., U oVro nfcnari, 
haimaiiT, or agRemeoC ; to diaturb ; to frumaE* ■ 
lo defeat. [L. dii, ptivaDTe, and riiaiiiii] 

MnuDi, disJton-aekl', v.l., to d-frrat if an- 

an'iO-Ut, a4{., isillmt oMMffla- 

— '— ■-' — 1 [L dii, ptivallvv. 

kan-dn-a-i'ihun, m., luT^/diMctKliinaii 


dblMfd, n.. wtmi ^kemri m oooednl; 
nent, ttriie: difference or ooBtnncty of 

) % nsioM of InhannQoioat Muada. [U 

; pcrratsre, and cor, tmlit, the beait.1 
„ jdai^ dis-kofd'aat, mdj., wiiJk diac»rdt wHb- 
out coocord oragreeoMBt; Inonmriittnt; janiag. 

Mttee^ disJco^ans, JJiiwdMifk dbJuid'aii- 
a, M., ««ii!r ^UimgJMcmrdmii dlMgreWMiit. 

nckoningj a mhb nbunod to the poycr of ui 
aocount; a deductkm nude for Intaratf » ad- 


«lneiBl» di»-koanlf, v.iL, U t^tm md ^iktfomi; 
to allow discount; to adtanoe money on, deduct 
inc discount.— «.^ to practise disoounting. 

dtoioa«aftK>dis4autVH M4f>,lM m^ h ^t- 

IMiniHwiaiib dbJcOoa'tMiank v^, to putMt'e^ 
ccmnUnamet; toabMh: to renm to t mhmmm * or 

support to; to discoonge. — «. cold treatment; 
disei^profaatioo. [L. ^ prir., and OoatosMes.) 

MmiiMsi^ dis-kof^ wJL, ii^ <ai» mmht ih§ cmtr- 
MdA to dishearten: to seek to chedi by >^^ 
ing dIsfiiToorto t-^^diaoonifl^inji 2 /M. ois- 

ooui'iged. [I* ^, priimttTe, and Oi 
ImeenfimaB^ dis-kurl^mcnt,' 11^ «ctf 
agmg; that which discourages; dejection. 

llaeowaa, disJUScs', m. Et « nmrni mg U mmd/99 ; 

speech or language generally : ooBversatioB : a 

treatise; asennon:--«.i to taflc or oosvene j to 

oar to treat finmalhr.-'V*!!. to utter m 

\ forth \—fr^. discourse ; /a>. diaoouraed'. 

. . Huumu—dit, to and fro, c%trT9y to run.] 

Alsevdoa, di»4nir'shun. «., « riMMM^^ "^^^ ^ 

sultory talk * ad of cttscoonrng or rtaaonlng. 

Issati H i^ diaJcMKtfv, «4^., naiM^ y^vM •n* 

ikiM£ t9 mmHktrf refflag, desoltorf t procoedhg 

regularly from premiaei to cowchilioBU' 


civil ; wawtiiig la goodrmansers ; rude. J i fa « 
negative, and_ Osutsaia] 

BIssoM. See imder Oist. 

lasafWy mohkuinte. v./., i)9 wtcfotf* to lay open 
or expose : toman known : to flnd out ; to tspf. 

., and Oafw.] 


ft dia fcy>^tr^ ft*, 4tcf ^dhcntftHgfx Aid- 
ing out ; uM fliliig discovered ; r^velatloOa 

lsn eiH> di a^DPadTt, n.,wmmi ^tr9iU;\mAc ttt0SL ; 
■I repute ; diagraoa>^H^.^ to refuaa ciedit to, or 
Denw m 2 to deprh^ of credibtnty t to deprive of 
crwMt : to diagraca. [L. di^, prhr., and Oraitl] 
Iw i s dH a l K dMredlta-hl, m^., mt trtdUmbk; 
disgracefoL arfa. dysaaCWaHf. 

Isnesl^ Aa-krClf, mdj., hmriHg ditetrmmmi: 
wary ;^cir mnmp » ic t ;jprudenL m h . Mmm^. 

wtpmxwLjn, CO peroeiw* ooa VHsn. j 
iBmiilM^ dMraah^ «., tm mHij tfhdmg db- 
€f9ti; prudence; Hoerty to act at plaasara. 
~ i^«a>krasl/mMd,dtat««aMiy,d!s-kx«lir- 
m^^rkfi * MicrwHm: unrvCcaiiMd.— 

Jg^kne, or dy, m^., te^mrmitt diadad; 

^imctNa t--bppoaito of < 

nasrsfa^ diiOcrep-aBt, ordia^crep^ «4f. lit. jMMu/- 
MT irfS^l^ivvniA'; disagreeing ; dmmnt. iUdis, 
different, and cnQ^vmr, pr.p. idcrtpo, to aonnd.) 

dlaOTnaBas^ dia1crap-an^ or dia>krep^, Msmfaaiy^ 
dislaaMtt^ or iMawfl, «.,«ikAr or quality i^/^ 
Ar»v'<'**^'?il^<'*^d' different; disagreemeat. 

Blamtis^ 9MVims% Ac* See under IHaseslL 
MBHfeilaaiK dla-kriml^it, v./., UdUetmwitfaf^ 
€tU hetwetn; to noto the difference; to dia- 
tiuuiah} toaeled from otbaia.— w.^ to make a 
dtoarenoa or diatindioni to distiiiguish >-^.p. 
diacrimlaUbwjAM*. diacrtolnited. md9, «•- 
■Wiaamj^ (L. dktfimin t di § erimm t that 
whidi aeparatea— root of Dlsstn.] 
PJssriiBfcaHflB, dis4Enm4-aI'shaa» m^ met ^du- 
crJmimmHng; quality 01 bdog able to diaoioun- 
ate ; aoitfnaai, diaoemment, Judgatent. 
diserialaaltfi, di>4crim^ni-tiT, adf.^tkmt ducrim- 
imUtt. or marka a diflerence; characteristic; 
obaervlag d lstl a dtona . m J v, dlsflrtmlaattvaif . 
IW saaii H a. Blaa msl ia. Sea under Maoomas^ 
IHsBiss, du-kui^, arJL, Uikmlmmtmtder, or separate 
into parts: to firaminft in detail, or by dispu- 
tation; to delate: to sift}-^jL diarasal 
^P.^iacaauoSf, CL. discutti, diacmtum 
asunder, and ptmito, to shake.] 

^Nl^MRtf Atffl^a^a tfVa^^^^v'aamlv^aova ^a ^^^^d ^a^^^^vwaM^^aAAM^H^v 9 ^1^^^ 
^a^^w ^a^^^wBP^^p ^aa^^^a^aa^^aa aaaaA w#a a^^pv ^^y avvvv^wvw^a^B a ^^^^^^ 

bate : m n«x*t disperdoa of a tumour. 
dlis«slv% dis45ia1v, (llssalimt> dia-kfl'ski^t, mdfn 

BIsdaia, dis^Un' v.<., JIp IUUM mmrnH^t to ra> 
led as unwoithy or unsuitable; to scorn s—;^./. 
disdaining: >b>. dlsdiiiaed'.-M. a fealiijg of 
scorn or aversion; hanghrinaifc tP^, didaagntr 
— L. dtdignor—dt, priT., and dfgma. worthy.] 

mMsia^Tdb-danTod. «^., >tf if duddm ; 
haughty; •comfbL'^-M^. dMala^lMQy. 

, tfa^, M, fit tlWflf 4^ MM. 1 
disonler or want of health m mlad or body : ail- 
•ieat|flhieaaj causa of paia; dbtemper. pL* 

Uasmhaik, dis^ei-blrk', v.f. UlmndwkaikuUm 
tmimrkidt to take out 01 a ship; to land.— «.£ 
to quit a ihip; to Und. \X- ^ priv., and 

<^Btoitslifla. db-eBi-bCr-krshun, dtsMAackauat^ 
dia-eak-blrlrment, «., act ^dimmimrkmg, 

PiawBharrasi^ dis-em-bli'a^ 9^i,tU/rmfrwm m^ 
immutmtmi or perplexity. JJj, dis, privativay 
and feakamas.] 
Blaaabe4g> dis>am!>Bad^ ^tf is AsJa ttwrntj^Jftm or 
out of the Udfl to diachaifa from aulitery sei^ 
vice or airay. [Lw dit, privativa, aad teko4y.] 
dbsatbag^, vM to diacharga ai tit 
^ aa a stianm ;— j^^dbembO ga^ •>*•>• 

7 n>. d mmimt c k tr L, ^Air, aaoader, aad 
htttm, a cheek, tka aioo^] 

,> db a^ b ew^d, » .<L, It iaJkf Hd 1k$ 

■a^tosl^ dm^mnmu, 9./.* ttfi^fi^wm ofwU or 
confusion. [I* lAEv^ privativa, aad BaftvalL] 

a»an chanf, «r./., tffirm/Nm tnektmU 


fttb, fliri ml; hAr; ai&M; nOto; nOta; ttOOa; /Ian. 

— . ~>U>iD|uiarKtftea.— <L " " '" 

— t [L. «Ul, I«TmI^ ■- - 
■ " HUM 

C iifrim ^Ulk. [L. 
_<^- (L. Mit, tUfAn, ud bUM.] 


ngaid. — c.r , A tuiiUuiUttl 



to wJthlHld ^Tour frc 

(I- ^, prtntiTc, n 

fi, prfnilve, ud Dftn] 
— . — , .■Or-l'ilniii, IMmiBBI di 

bems auficorcd ; dflooniciit of b^utr. 

fnmMti, or of n^u ud priiile™ op. that 

^wauiBd. 'iL-'^ffjnii.. «nd rrSfi;^' 
■vn^d'viBiBl, dit-lnirchu-iiifiDt- ■., tba act of 

tDfinDp irlnt hu bEcn (diied. [L. rfii, 
uin^uid'- • - ■■ • 

ging duffraa; 
-adv. «lj(nH^ 

u Intended 

>pd?lDiiT>>/ dugulKd'. 
U CODceil tba WEU-er; a 

«., mttrtim ^itt UrU; 
ht •tmw dliKko.— v./. to 

Owuni^ du-giHtlitg, or di»^ *^ iMirfv rfi, 
,ri«'.- loilhwoM ; '—fill Tifril^MrijLj 

•h™I r lit food in . duh : « panicukr Vind of 
fooi— 1-.(. 10 pul in » dab, for aUe!-*r» 
di^ngi *t>. dJlK*. [ rfir, , oSe t 
dull, ■ labia. 8h Dak, and me i 
Wrt i Mll i. dlm-biy. SamiuDiAaHIK 
Wi*-««, dithart'ii, t. (., /* d,^„ ^ 1^^ 
oMco.orininlt; loduonnge; lodepreu^- 

"*™^,*-^=l. "-'.. <!• *«mto- A, hUr; to 
QU« Ibe hair to lung lome.— o.t to tpnad in 

[old ^. datMntUr^-ia, taieinil. btlr-L.Jit 

" ■MSaeal direoioai, caftMa, tba halr.l ' 

"u— . uupu.™ lo cMai r mane*™, 
""*■ L.^BejatiYe,aiKlHoMit.l 
^ra'a-ri, ft, iHnl ^ Jtnafy or 
"lu»»«"i ■ dupeiiami to chat. 

_._.. "Bwar-diipic. 

KofAolkour; I 


. .u.i.m ir,ii.,MaW^Ajmir;dinnce! 

— ; npnjacli.— e.(. todepnreof lioiioiir; — 

dufraea i to aa— ihaBo to i to Kduca ' 
dqpida: to nhua.tba paTtnl «f, ai k bilL- 
dkh-'sm. [L. rib, pnvalin, and iMfV.] 

nrm/rm! ta cmta Iha diiUkagi ainwiB af 
[U Ai, inndn, and BidlaL] 
l iilifllH B iia (Iia.Ui-kliirfitiiiiiH,,iaan<^/airJaM. 

•r^ritMi. [L. A^. jriT.. and a^j^ala] 
";*»*>*kf, »!. fJ^Ttfim hficHn.— 
"■■rt™. [L. ^, nmaiiTe, iiiifinaii] 
'— t, dia-ia-fekt'aiiL >■., MMftJ-. iiL« 
tl«eaoa«of*^,^^^ '*"' 

»« diaJi^Jn'OMU, iu(/,, tiat iwdHna ; 

Mk «r opini Dnfairi cnftr.— A^. «Mii- 

*«y>V*^,- to dcptiwofaninheritMca. [U 
^fi, inniin, and bkstk}— «. lua^rDaMa 
Uatvita, lUi-lB'tfrfiU, or di^-, r.t, to itttraU 
^^^jV^M'j'l^^L. <<ib, DcgitlK, and 

gWitnM, dlaWttr-cn-cd, -^., »I biUrtUd, 
a infloenccd br pmua ftilingi or ctntidaa- 
tiou: impvtlar.— oiA. Hila'iii niiiTtj u. ifa. 
tata f anii h iia [L. iCit, wfatlTt, udlnlaHtM.] 

>l^^*l,<ii*ia-l}anr,v./ l•ntJ^t,Jivml*na. 
«m< or oppRBlgii. [L. db, Deg.,andUbraI.I 

itWda, dto.jobi', m dli-, a./., tou^Butt ibU/ jIu 
ittmltbud. [L.^, iicgatin, iuidJ*ia.1 

dI«Dta( ditJcJBf, ti.t., UJm/ tmt MfZinJi to 
lejarale united mrti ; to fiteak the natoial orda 

Cp. •dtk^fimei-j!,, nag., iiiid.^^fT, WJoliLi 


iUJvMllvt, db-jungWdY, «4r., dUjwning\ tending 

to separate: in grum.t nniting tesitences but 

disjoining the sense. — n. a word which diayoins. 

— idj. 41|f«M^UT«^. [L. disiuttctivtu.y 
dl^lvMlloa, dis-junk'shun, n,, tMf act qftU^ouuftg; 

disunion; separation. 
DUk. SeeDlse. 
XMslite, dis-lllc', vA,, not to like; to be displeased 

with ; to disapprore of; to have an arersion to. 

— n, disinclination ; aversion; dutaste; disi^ 

provaL [L. tlis, negative, and Liks.] 
Dlslooats^ dklO-kftt, v./., to dUpUcoi to put out of 

Joint \—pr.p, dirlOcflting ; /«.>. dislOdUed. [L. 

dUt negative, and LooaU.] 
dlrieoatlaii, dis-IO-kl'shun, m., tkt act i^ dislocaiimg 

or state of being dislocated; a dislocated joint; 

Dislodge, dis-loj', vJ.^ to drive from m lodrmtnt or 

pla^ of rest ; to drive fnxa i^plaoe of hiding or 

of defence.-^. ^ to go away.— «k dlslodg'aMBlw 

[L. di*t privative, and Lodf*.] 

Diitoyal, dis4ov'al, ajTm **^^ l^y^l Citlse to one^s 
sovereign; faithless; treacfaorous. — adv» dlsloy'- 
ally.-H». dUkaftMf. [L. die, negative, and X«yaL] 

IMsMsl, dismal, «4r«8loo<ny; dreary; sorrowful : full 
of Yuonor.—adv. dvsuUy. Cprob. conn, with Mb.] 

DlsBaatl% dis-nuui'tl, v./., to deprive of ike matUU 
or dress ; to strip ; to deprive of furniture, &c so 
as to raider uselets. [Il dis^ priv. and lUaUa.] 

. dis-inas]c<f v^t, to strip a matk/rom; to 

remove a disguise from; to uncover. [L. die, 

privative, and MaCk.] 
IMsBasI^ dis-mast'. v.t., to deprive of a mast or 

iinu/:f.*—/r.>. aismastlng ;>«./. dismast^ed. [L. 

dis, privative, and Mast] 
DlsBay. diz-ml', 9./. lit to deprive of pemeri to 

deprive of strength and firmness through fear; 

to terrOy ; to discoumge \—pr.p, dismay'ing ; >«./. 

dismayed'.-H*. loss of strragth and courage 

through fear. [J^ dis^ privative, and A.S. meigan, 

old Ger. tmagen, to be strong.] 
PlsmsaiWr, dis-mem'bte, v./., to divide member 

from member; to separate a limb from the body ; 

to dis{<nnt; to tear to jmeoes>-yr./. dismem'- 

bering; pe^p, dismem'oered.— «». dismem'bsw 

■s at . [L. ais, asunder, and M s mher .] 
IHsmlsB, dis-mii^, v./., to oend awe^; to despatdi: 

to discard ; to remove from office or emplcmnent: 

—^j/.disinisi^ing;>a./. dismissed'. iCdimitto, 

dttmus$t»—dij away from, and mitto. to send.] 
ilsilsMil. dis-nus'al, <IIb»IssI«ii, dis-miso'un, n,, act 

of dismissingy or state of being dismisird ; dia- 

chai^ge from office or employment 
<llinlsBm|. dim1s-or4, or di-mir, a4f.,tetuiiHgam^ 

or givin£[ leave to depart to another jurisdiction. 

[L. d imu sori ms dimit to.} 

Vilwmtnmtt dis-mountf, v,i,, to come dovm: to come 
off a hone. — v.t to throw or bring down from 
any elevated place ; to throw off their carriages, as 
cannon ; to unhorse. [Lb die, neg., and Mov&l] 

Mattay, dis-4)-bft', v.t, to negiect or refuse to obey 
or do what is commanded. [L. die, neg. and Obty.] 

dlsobedtenlk dis-O-bCdi-ent, adj., ne£locti$i£ or r^ 
fusing /!» «3^. [See otedtem.] 

dIsobedMMe, dis-0«M'di'ens, «*., neglect or refusal to 
obey. [See obedlsaotw] 

Dls«Ulfs^ dis^blTj', v.t., not to obUge; to offend by 
an act of nnldndness or incivility ; to do some- 
thin^ agabst the wishes of another; to w^^an 
ii&$lMj, [I* ^, negative, and OMIflSw] 


diaoMl^ dis^btljlng, ad/., not obliging; not 
careful to attend to the wishes of others : unac- 
commodating ; unkind.— a<f9. dlsdbUg'lagiy. 

IHsordw, dift-or'dte, n., want of order i confusion : 
distuibance; breach of the peace: disease. — v.U 
to throw out of order ; to disarrange ; to disturb : 
to produce disease. [L. dis^ privative, and Order.] 

disorderly, dis-or'd^r-U, adj., out of order; in con- 
fusion ; irregular ; lawless. — atn. without order ; 
confusedly ; in a lawless manner. 

SlMnfaaJse, dis-Of^gan^Ts. v.t, to destroy the organic 
structure of; to Inreak up a union of parts; to 
throw into disorder. — «. diaoisaalsa'ttoa. [L. die, 
negative, and orgaalss.] 

Disown, dix-On^ v.t., to refnse to own or acknow- 
ledge as beumging to one's self; to deny; to 
renounce. [L. dis, n^ative, and Own.] 

Dlspoiage, dis-par'Ij, v.t, orig. to pair unegnalfy, 
to dishonour by an tmeptai marria^ ; to dis- 
honour by comparison with what is inferior ; to 
lower In rank or estimation >-Pr.p, dispai'fls^ng ( 
Pa.p, diqMu'flged. [low L. disparagart—tUs, 
neg.,P€tragi$mi, equality of birth — L./«r, equal.) 

dIspaniffMMBiL dis-pax'flj'ment, n, injurious con»- 
parison with what is inferior ; indij^nity. 

diiparailBgly, dis-par'Ij-ing-li, adv., m a manner 
to disparage or dishonour. 

Dl«arity, dis-pai^-ti, n., ineqnalify; unlikeness; 
difference in any respect [L. dis, neg. and parity.] 

Dl^pait, dis-pftrk', v.t., to throw open, as a park: 
to lav open >-pr.p. diq»rklng ; pa^. diqmrked'. 
[L. dis, negative, and Paik.] 

Dtipai^ dis-pirt', v.t, to part asunder; to divide, 
to separate.—^./, to separate i—pr.p. diq^art'ing ; 
Pa.p. dispart'ed. — n. the difference between tno 
thickness of metal at the bieech and the mouth 
of a gun. [L. dis, astmder, and Pari.] 

DIspaMloB, dis-pash'un. n., freedom from passion { 
a calm state of mind. [L. tUs, neg. and Tasdon.] 

dlspasslflaats^ dis-pash'un-4t, adj., free from pas- 
sion; unmoved by feelings; cool; impartial.— 
adv. dlspesrtaaats^. 

Dlspatth, same as Dsqpttkik. 

Dlspsl, di»i;>el', v.t, to drive away; to cause to 
disj^ipear; to banish ^-:/n/. dispelHng; Pa.p, 
diqwdled'. [L. dis, away from, piello, to dnvej 

DIspeaos, dis>pens|, v.t., to weigk or deal out in 
portions; to distribute; to administers-^./, 
dispens'ing ; Pa.p. dispensed'.— Dlspenss with, to 
pennit the want of ; to do without — n. dlspearer. 
[FV.^ dispenser—h. dis, asunder, sandpenso, io- 
tenrive otpendo, to weigh.] 

dis-pensl'a-bl^ smJ., that nu^ be dis» 

Pensed, or dispensed with. 

dls p e ns a t y, dis-piens'ar-i, n. a place where medicines 
are dispensed, especially to the poor, gratis. 

dis p e ne s tkm , dis-pen-«ft'shun, n., the act of dispense 
ing or dealing out : the dealing of God to his 
creatures ; the distribution of good and evil in 
the divine government : licence; permission. 

dlspwi sa ti w, dis-pens'a-tiv, dlspssaloiy, dis-pens'a- 
tor-i. adj., grunting aispensation* — advs. dla- 
pearattvely, dlspeas^ilorily. [L. dispensativus : 

DIspoQ^ dis-pC'pl, v.t, to empty of People or in- 
habitants. [L.i/u, privative, and Paopla.] 

SpaiiMW, dl-«>6rm'us, adj., having only two 
seeds, [Or. dt, twofold, spermm, a seed.] 

dis-pfai^i v,t,, to aemtioriss aU directions I 
to spraad; to diffuse; to drive asunder ; tocauaa 


OUe, Or; osi, h*r; nsXas; oiOls; mOls: sbOQd; Msa 

ili^vl^ dit-ptfihuDt n., Ou 
■tale of bong disposed : in jii 
rnfl i mnnf ion : in tftia, the KpamloD of lifht 

MotiOi du-piT'ii, e.i!;, ts dttrim ^f tuA ^iriU; 
J0^. diipir^lEd. IL. Jii, priTadn, i^Mill,] 


« from k itmtB, office, or dig- 
t. (L. ■!£>. pnT., u^ IUk] 

uradge: to k 

MmoIm ditpili', IL, <4f t^etiti 1/ fmiu! 

cnuuii. TLT^) nqpcive, iod rmlii.] 
II1i|ih4. dit-pRd', v-'p, /■ M^rtad ut difftrwnt 

vMjra. — E.L (o ipRAd out; to expuuL [L^ j/u, 


_ _ i dU-prO-pflr'ihiin-U, a^l, twi >t* 

ftrtwtudi muTDuncETica] ; unniilable to komfl 

Morm, dii-pi«aV, et.i., la frmt M itfitUt; lo 

irrute. (L, ifu, ntfilivc. ud Tnrt.] 
Uf^no^ difr^rUOT, fv., < dufrvuing; rcHlIltioa, 

, _U..di 

'OlavmlU^, du-kmn-n. nL, & drfriva «/' Ati 
ptiv., and n*lUr-I 

.. .,__^'i lodiwurli. (L.d!il,priT,.uidI)ili 
4I*%Me>wI^ du-lcwfeMldi ■., r/o^ ^dit^uitt, 
Vat9\Mkm. AiJnl-iufa'UD. *.. a cartfiii ud Ir 
ul ncmry ioto may idai 

MvifUd, dift-r4-[lzTl', v. t., not la rt^ardw obiu 

Deflccl ; slieht. [L. dit, peg,, mod l i in^ ] 
UB^HdM, di»»|*Td'fi>ai, mdj. mf\taIiA; a 


lbs UU <^l W dLdilie.— H. dluiuie: diilike: 
■onw dcgTM of diigu it ■ [L>f£Lr,neg.,uidl4UiM.| 
lMK9«lr,di»44ffti^, n. ItBteof bnng^/^ngtajr. 

BlM^IlK iint^Uf, dill null Urn. dirRB-O-U'- 
ihuDt ■.. tBOMla/rrfuUor rw/Klaliam; ill chu^ 
ftcurj discndit. CL, i^Lr, DceativCt iuidl«p«l«^] 

ilmiiliMi. du-rn/D-s-bl, m^*,, iii iad T^mii; 
ducndiublai duinctfuL— ut. dlnp^rtiUj. 

nverenco ; iDdruLty. — vJ, to •hew dUnipcct to, 

[L. dit, n^dTC, and ■HpHI.I 
dluiBiiMlfhl, dJH'FVfpclLr'foi^ '^'-i x^fiing ditrt^ 

iftcl! intmcsti imdn).— itjr. «B«pH('tillr. 
DlBvbi. dU-TOl/, b,A» l!p drfirivt ^ a nbt; 10 

■r bunting ■nd midiiuf; 
y—dintm^, dintflui — tSs, 

a^mtiitt. ia-a.irit-i\,v.l., mil taialiify; to miin 

DlMttiliWtlnu ditul-il-rak'ihuii, »., ifafr a/imf 
diuatitjlad; diKonLenL ; UDCjuuiclt. 

*iKtukni>T., dit-fat-u-l*kWi, o^:, trnximf 

dlMHtui, dit-Bt^u-fld, a^ *>« laHffitd; di*- 

anteutid 1 uoi plaKcI ; tended. 


IMMM^ diMdcIf, v./.. t9 cut Mtmdtrt too* bto 
parts for Um pnrpoia of nunute oxanuiiatioB; to 
dWidtt and exainiiiA i— ^^ distectTmg; >«./• 
dissecf ed.-«^'. AlMMTiUi. [U ditttce^duue- 
ins—iUt, asnnder. in pieces, s$C9, to cut] 

dlMMlloB, dis-eek'sbun, i«., tkt met or the art er 
cuttmg in pUcts a fuant or animal in order to 
ascertain the structure of its parts ; anatomy* 

Alaeelor, dis-sekt'or, »,, ^tu wm0 diuteU* 

PI— Bl>U, dis-semli, v.i, to represent a thing as 
MwAilr what it actually is ; to put an untrue ttm- 
Uamcg or appea rance upon; to d is gu is e.-^.^ to 
assume a false appearance; lo play the hypocrite: 
—^./. dissemlSlinc: >•.>. dissemOiled.— ». dls* 

^4Utti$mais.miikc-^du. Mg., ^aAHmulu, like.] 
UadvalaUoB, dis-sim-O-lA'shun, m., /4# act ^ du- 
tembUng; a hiding under a fiiUo appeanuuie; 
fiUse pretension; hypocrisy. 

, diMeal-iat, «/., i^ «m» or ioatter 

to propagate; to diffuse :—jAr/. dis- 

ilnlting; /•./. diasemlnlted.— «r. ilMiwIi 

SB, dtsBMdna'ler. [L. di$ttmiM 0, distfmJMatit* 

r,asunder, and «mm^, to sow— jmwm, seed.] 

PIsBwt, diMent"^ srX. ilr Mdbl dij^nmUh; to dis- 
agree in opinion ; to differ t—fr.p. dttsent'mg ; 
>».>. dissenfed.— M. the act of dfssenring ; difiov 
ence of opinicm : a differing or separation fipom 
an established church. [L. disumth, ditttmn u 
•"ditf apart from, smtit. to think.] 

<lii^iiliiiL dissen'shun, m disagreement fat opinion; 
disoord; strife. 

aiwwfsr, dis-sent'to. «., «m# ««I# d$s9tntt: obo who 
separates from the service and wonoip <^ an 
established church. 

AlSBaatleat, dis*sen'shent, #<^., iUtstmimgf declar- 
ing dissent; disagreeing.— 41. one wba disagrees; 
one who decUres his dissent. [L. diufntmu, 
dusentimtitt pr.p. oidiuemtU,] 

WsBsrtetto^ dis-ste-tl'shun, is., m ditemtitm or 
tUbatc; a fofnwl discoqrse; a trsa tise . m 4j \ 
dianrta'tlenaL [L. disstrtat it diiMtia . inten- 
sive of diuerv, to debate^ to difciist <frf, and 
MTV, to put in a row, to join.] 

diMtrtater, dis^^r-ta^tor, u., oh4 wka writst diun^ 
taiictu; a debater. 

Dlatrve^ dis-s«rV, 9./., U d» tki ^^^otHt qfterih 
ing; to iojure. [L. dii, negative, and Berva] 

dliwrvVis, dis-stovls, «. injury ; mischief. 

itisTtfustiU, dis-s^yis-abl, a4j*t not 9irvicuiU$ 
or useful; injurious; mischievous. 

Dissever, dis^^e/^, v.t., to sever; to part in two; 
to separate ; to disunite.— «. fllewv^rswcs^ a dis- 
sevenng or parting, [L, i&, intenuve, and lever.] 

IMsridsBtk disl-dent, m4/. lit tUimg t^^arif dis- 
senting ; not agreeing.— «, a dissenter. [L. 4iu' 
tidens, distideutit, pr.p. of dirn'df ff dit , i^iart, 
and iedee, to sit.] 

DtssUient, dis-sil'yent, ad/., Um^ng asunder or 
bursting open with elastic force. — n, dlssUlMue. 
[L. tUsrUiens, -entis—du, asunder, «e/A9, to leap.] 

DlMlmllar, dis-siml-ku) a4fu ft^t similar; unlike 
in any respect ; of different sorts.— Afv. dlssta'i- 
Urlj. [L. dis, negative, and slniUr.] 

disdmtlarily, dis-sim-i-lara-ti, diwiiallltade, dis- 
si-mil'i-tfld, n., unlikeness; want of resemblance. 

DlMtBialattoa. See under IMsssaihle. 

Unlpate, dis'si-ptt, v.l., te ikrrm apart vc spread 
abrsad, to scatter ; to squander; to waste.— ^.^ 
to separate and disappear; to waste away :—^.>. 


^^J^5;>e.>.dis'»ipftted. IL, dtss^^-atus 
'r^flUr ^^der. and obs. su/o, siM to throw.] 
dlW|^^ «us^.pi'shun, n,, act ^dissipating^: 
^isgcm^. ,^^ Qf ^^^^^^ disponed ; scattei^d 
attention: « dissolute course ofiife. 

Ussedale, dis-sO'shi-it, v.t., to separate /rem a 
society or company ; to disunite *^—Pr.p. dissG'ci&t* 
ing : /a.>. dissO'alted.— m. diMe^daMea. [L. dis, 
asunder, and socio, to unite. See ledaL] 

MsMiahK MsntaH &c See under Maelve. 

INaelve^ dis-tolv', vJ., to loose asnnder; to separ- 
ate or break up; to melt; to destroy.— v.<. to 
break up ; to waste away ; to crumble ; to melt : 
—pr,^. dissolv'ing ; pa.p. dissolved'. [L. dis, 
aninder, and setve, sohUns, to loose.] 

dlsselvabla, dis-aolVa-bl, a4f., eapakU ^ heing 
dissolved 9K mdtJsA, 

disMlfwl* dia-aolv'sBt, «4^.. katdng power to dis^ 
solve or melt.— «. that ndiich can dissolve or melt. 

dlssolabls, di^'sol-O-bL 0^'., dissolvahU.-^m, dlsNta- 
btflly, ca/acity ^oeinr dissolved^ 

dlm»rfat<L dis'ol-OL a4l'*» loose. eq>. in morals ; lewd ; 
licentious.— «^. dwatafeeiy.— «. diss^olat— sei, 

dliBolallim, di»K>l-a'shun, «.. act o/dissohing; tho 
breaking up of an assembly ; change from a solid 
toa liquid state ; a melting : separation of a body 
into iu <Mriginal el em e nt s ; decom p osi t ion; des- 
truction; death. 

DIsswisA di^sO-nanti adj,, not agfteing in sound; 
without concord or harmony ; disagreebg. [L. 
dis, z^axi,sonans, -antis, pr.p. ofsono, to sound.] 

dliwaiie^ ois'sO-naxuL n., aisagreemeni ^sonnd; 
want of harmony, otscord; disagreement. 

PJss a ads^ dis<«wftd', v.U, to advise against; to try 
to divert from anything by advice or persuasion : 
—•pr.p, dissuldlng ; fa.p. diuuld'ed. [L. dis, 
against, and suadee, to advise.] 

diswissien, dis-swifshun, n., act ^ dissuading: 
advice against anvthing. 

fllsiisilfi, dis-swt'siv, adj., tending to dissuade.— 
if.thatwhich tends todissuade.—«(ifr. dissna'ilvely. 

MsqrDaMs, dis-silla-bl, m. a word of only two 
syllables, [Or. i/i«. twice, and Byllable.1 

dlssyllahk, dis^il-lablk, adj., ^two syllables, 

HMoM, dis'taf, n,, the siqffof stick which hokls the 
hunch of WL, tow, or wool in ninniog. [A.S, 
distmf; Dutch, dsesse, the bunch of 0az on the 
staff; Gael, dos, a bush, tuft See Itafl.] 

IMstata, dis-tln'^ 
from by Si 
L. dis, pnvaliv^ and tinge, to stain.] 

DIsUat, dis'tant, adj\, standing apart or separate ; 
remote, in time, {Mace, or connecti(m ; not obvi- 
ous : indistinct : reserved in manner. — adv, iid- 
tantly. [L. distans—dis, apart, and stans, 
stantis,m.p, otsto, to stand.] 

dtstaw<»e, dis'tans, n, mace or btenral between: 
remoteness : oppodtion ; reserve of manner.— 
v.t. toplace at a distance ; to leave at a distance 
behina :—pr.p. dis'tandng ; Pa.p. di^'tanced. 

XMslaale, dis-tlst', »., eppcsiteness or aversion of 
taste I dislike of food : dislike ; dissiist.— p./. to 
disrelish ; to dislike ; to loathe. [L. dis, neg., 

distsatefai, dts-tflst'fbol, adj., producing distaste: 
unpleasant to the taste ; offeiuive.— odv. ilslastr- 
tsSif.'-n. dlstasle'faiasss. 

IMsWaiper, a kind of painting. See Dsetempar. 

IMsUnpsr, dis-tem'pir, m. lit a wrong tempering 
or mixture of parts : a morbid or disorderiy state 

iar; to waste away:— j^.>. or mixture of parts: an 
fhte^ ftirt Ml, hirt ml&e} i|i6Ce; mate; mOOo; tke^ 


idi tf itKM, wp. sf uiBiabi 01- 

K du-tcD'il-bl, arfit, afaUi t/tmedii- 

of b^ dinadnl V lOachaiL 
IMiBHi^ 41MiB*a. du-UnWuui. k, act « Jit- 
ikH^iiVo •>n'<^>>^ ' ■»* gf bug diiuii3cd » 

EL. ^ UK ^tt , «i»l (wrmifc «»*". to twlit.] 

■^iiw. diHOf'dnia, *,, »a ^ ditUrHKt! 

twudnaoatcfitfiiluiWc: itMaefbunsdi 

yn/ dktnlDed'. [old Fr. iitiraa^n. IhuB L. 
_^ . unndcr, and itriuft, la dnw tight.] 

i^tcfl nodi for JcH. 

UHrlti, dlMilof , »., Hinm of gosdl for debt. 

dMiM» du'tliktt m, one. the Lerntory within which 
» •uperior haj) a jigja to dittrain or othcrwias 
uerciH jiulbonBT : a ponicm of Icnitory defined 
erundefiudiaiviaD. [t-d!tttf<cftu daitriim.] 

MahMI, dlMR^, It. lit. • d>imAv uw&r; 
uttcnu pala: tbU vUeh a i a w niffenBgi 
oluiitTi mliToRnH: ■ Bats of lu(er: ut of 
dinnuDingtoodi.' c.».to»fflictiith Fain ar uf. 
ferine', lobann; tOBtan: to dlMniiB :— /r jt. 
dbMTa.; *j>. JlBriMlf. [n.aWniH; II. 

«y«^iilh-ti« iwit, m^ ..^^iiti-iil call- 
DMA^ dWtiftnw v./, * 4MA wnAr o( 
aaOBgM wvcnl ; to dial oat « allM ; to dairi£f : 

^tm ^, a^>dv,Ktw, MIWm^ io diWda.) 
IhnnwMlK db^riVB^a-U, •#., tU( MV ^ 
^^'- rtardWded. 

dll-lA'Mk, K, tif-htdiitraatm of 

ffitlilM'ihan, iL, a« t/Wb«ra»Mv; 

- "-"-■— - — atatiai : danMcaliaiL 

B^;, lift diilrAiat, 

t dii-Di'Ij, a., grmAkti auatlm «* aw or 

M»i^ dlch, K. 1 tnocfa ^v b Iba (nrndi a^ 

a^tch CT ^(chaa.— e.fc U dig a dltdt ia « 
anniad : u dnis br dilcbaa i~*r^ dUcLWi 
>a>. ditcbad'. [A.S..<K,aditdi,IniaioMorDI|.] 

tatt. dlt^, n, ong. m uyinf, up. me iho 

MmUt, dl-a-retili, o^'. ICDiIiog lo cxcitB (he/ail- 
0^ iArmf£k D1 Ciidiarfc of kniu. — ■. a medi- 
dno caluing thii discharn. {Cr. tUtlrrttiltoi-^ 
dia, IhTDiiEn, uul «tn8, Uom ^htfh, ujuii ' 

Unalr dT'iu'niLi» *4}-, ^hi relating Lo . 
formed in a day,— «■. orif' « ^^-^Mtior /ahtih/; 
in the R. C Church, ■ bmiuv with dailr bt- 
ntx±.-'-adv. tkt^tlBl, \X^ diMrwat—du; a 

Mna, di'TWi', I*. Ik. « nruUr 6/ pmymtntx tt 

counctl : a luiiocit^haniber with ciuhioncd leaU 
n. [Fr,. Si>.— Fen.d!i'<i>l]i. 

Mr* dn. v.i., la Jif 
plunge <v go decpiT iato anr mUXB\—4r.* 
dlVlng; >i./ djvof.^ [A.5. </■(/««; Dutch, 

I ttnnt, Uncrilr. Soi undu Mnrt. 

, dl-rtit', v.l; la turn atiJi; lo change the 

.todj : to amuie ■■—fr^. ud <tdj. dTveil^g ; 
t. dinn'cd.-^fiAr. (liwrlatlr. ri- dmrla, 

', ^'. lit.' htnKj hfirtitt 

^^ »»^ : that which divcru : aoiuaemcnt, 

titwr^tl, di-Ttr'il-n, V.I.', la main dmrnt or dif- 

fftf, Mj^/acie, to muej 
MWH di-TeB", D. A lit to *«ir «^(*« wi/mrAw ; 
to strip or dcptivc of uything ;— >r^, -'■- — ■^--- 



a divided that falk to uich - 

the ihare ol a n 

individiuL [L. Ji 
Mte, di-«d'ir, «,,«(«■ ual tmluc* 4lvuln, 
UTtaH*<. d,-nrt-bl, aJj.. cafM, •fUintiiBUid 

cr lepuated adv. 4l*iitllT. 

UlWtOttr. di-rij-i-biTl-ti. n.,,aaUl, ^iti^divu. 

ait or •epwaUe. 

a oams: tne pomon divided or •enmled- 
lepandoa I dlffenoce io opinion, &t : duuoion : 
iQ artiA., the njle otpmcts of fading how najiy 
timca one Dtimher !■ contained in another 
*«J^jt di-viih-uo-ol, •(.■„ ftrtaoU.! U or 

MTWn^ Ji-vriiT, o^'^y^^l^^LFtfii or inuF. 
■■ '.'"° '.fralmg dilCBrd. f4S™fc. the dividend. 
<Mew, di-TTnr. re. in uHlK. t*4 mamitruUiA 
it., hibrnfint It or pnKeediog 
-• - "--■■- -•. hoi/ 

' htvte divint I god- 
ce orOodiGof; ■ 

thingi; cbuL^^. 

Sco under DWa. 

.._-.Ji-™li'. r, 
vlgarwlitft.^ , 

' ' Mt/ feline «_ 

HiMtf, diz^ adj.,diutd; giddr : coofuied; caiuicg 

Ihtlch, dajisig; Dan. dStig, dioiny; connected 
with B. Da^ Diaa.] 

^Ml^ die^i'Oea, j*. , tialt ^htiag dimay. 
Do, dTO,^ tt ftr/trm anyi aetiaa; to hriog 

health: to 

>i->.doW; Ai.l.did;/a./ doDe(dun). [A.S. 
daa;'OiM^,dafn: GcT- /Ahm; periapa connected 
wichL.i&,GT.^H!j>iK5aiai.a!a,tOKiTe.J (mr. 

ate, Or 1 ml^ hiri i 

managed, fl*. 

i„ ItaclLtiltlutI ; 

_,_, ... _ troubicximfl weed with b 

lava. tBi ■ lone RMt, dkScult u endic 
[A.S. ^Ku; potupi ■llied U> I. Jancia, 
Jaitkai, ■ kind al curoL u ilu D Ihs I 
mnl Irom in brgad ihoit lunt.] 

t, ■- lit, ■ dockrd or tbort pe 


dock'eiisE; t'-t- docVetc 
IM^ dok, a. m plaa i/iv; aJ 

. {dim. arilHk.1 
cr, for thfi nccpdoQ 

ir>ni. •<Bk'Ij, ■.,<• c:i>ir;r' far the use or* i^t. 
K*T»rt. dok'Vsnl, ■..• jmfrf or .lore ne»r » bIbc*. 
where ihipa u« built moA uava] .lorem kepL 
Ht«, deVtur, a. lit. ■ IracAtri ons who hu 
received fHHn ft nnivtfiitT die hi^beU debtee id 
a bcnliT ; * jihyiieuin. TL.— ^v", to leach.] 
-•— iM. dok'tuT-it, n., ■■ dxtnT'i diiTH. 

.^doh^iiii.n., « /iWv l'*t>^: » pcuKipIe 
-■--''- what the Scripnixet teach on aoj (ub- 


iCdof'-fiih, «. A nKoet of BritiaJi ibvk, Ht 
named fhiin their ha^t af follawing their (rcy 
like liogi hunting m packi, 
■vad, dog'ed, adj. lurif /i!^ «ft ^"t^ ^H' 

iav*l, dog;'ir-el, ft. Lrrefidar meanijci in bui- 

disl*. dag'iih.^^T^ > dV' iluiliih : biuul. 

. do^^i, »-, £4# rVH af the lUf^pa, 

book Dixned down, like 4 ^i^' iwf.-^v./. to turn 
down the cojnen of leavea l-r^>- dofi'a'-eared* 
W^Ur, doi'-KIr, ■. Siliot, ■ tiar of the £rtt 
mapuhide, who4e liaiof and Ktliiii with Iba'/Kb 01 Imdrr; fonncTly, tho diiet 
mariitnte in Venice and Genoa. {It* for dKO^ 
L. ALf, a leader — duct, to lead.} 

See under Dif. 

"-1, aj^; niatiitflm or ibund 
n mil ■ line, div^lek^a-aon, ■. a lalid Ggute having 

AhAv trtial amfUl and tidei. [Or. Jidtia, 

twelve, and f0ttv, an angle.} 
DodaHtedzio, d&^dt-a-hff'dron, w. a idld figure, 

having tmtlvt tqital pentagonal Mida. [Gr. 

WmA, twelve, and Mrs, a base, a lide.] 
»ei»fcdo], vi. ht. f^fif-m •_J|;;^/'(^ "■^*" 

— «.^toevadebya«idden ihift oF place :—>t-/. 
dodg'ing ;>«.>. dodged'.— Jl, an evniiim ; a trick ; 
aqmbhle.-..4<>^. [fram Dl«.] 
■tad*. do'dO, K. a lai«e, duinij Mid, now eitincl, 
once fuuad in the Uautitiui and Madagaicar. 
[Ger.dfA, •Ai^a; Pan. ^>Hlr,] 

„B^. ['u.aLiU'iJf.) 
Dotempt : one of two 


^; M (bOoir and nicb comtanltn to wort 
with iaportimilT ;— ^^ daggling ( ■>■.>■ 
dogged'.— K daB'w. [I>utch, JS, Ga. Jfa, 
Jccii: perh. from Sana. lUt, tsfite.} 

dof-Mir, d^-bit-tr, ■., Ot iritr dtfoma. 

' ■ dc^'kart, ■- a oat-hme e€irriagt tor 

— -- called firom dogt bong cr""-' 

ta./. iWmallt^^, WMlMr. 

ilHiiallil. di^ina-dit, n., ont v^ JtpKoiutl er 

Def-r«a, Dsi'Mar, Dtf-ila)'. See under Da*. 
DeUr, diu'ti, ■«- leig. a kind of waollen atoff; a 
amallnapkin uaeaatdeuert- rprob. from Dutch, 

doih— L. MIa,'aTeb.I ' ™^ 

TMit, ioiUn. MM muliimx tin It/ a/ l/uJlHirr an 

cover : a imall Dutch coin worth about half a 

Eulhing, [Fr. dtifl, L. ditiliu, a Soger.] 
lM^,i,^\v.l.tledgatml in Imall portioru ;— yr.A 

dol'ina: >)./. ddkd'.— a. a ibaie diurihuiej; 

[bom n»t af X>aal, to divide-] 
Del^ dfll, ■. {BbtiAca),fi'in: trir/i hcavincKat 

bean. [L,^<>o tofeelmin.l 
diua). dol fool, adj., fidl t/dali or grief,- nelaii- 

chely.— «A. drt^faBr.-* dotofalaaw 
iliilnnna. d^um, oi^'., .^iV ^ dtit ; diamal ; 

Aokir. dd^or, H.,ffuni jr^l anjfuiih. [L.] 
dak ffifcr , do-lor-ii'ik^ '<^l caitum^ or enpreuinc 
dWcv, pain, argncf. lL.a^^, An^, ta oiakcl 
iKor-ua, adj., fidi tf dstar, pain, or 
'" dv.tiimit^. ll^dtixmi.] 


DtO, del, M. a pmpet or toT-btby §ar a cUUL [a 
coxTuptioa 01 Mtf^ or more probably of Dorvi^'i 

Dtltav. doTar, «. a Mhm coin of the United States, 
worth loo cents, or about 4/. tl. iterling. (Ger. 
tkaltr—thmi^ a valley, because thalen were first 
coined in the Valley of St Joachim, in Bohemia : 
more prob. from tMl, a part. See SseL] 

Pelemlts^ doKo>mIt, n, a limestone resembling 
white marble, so called from the F^eodi geoli>> 
gist Dohmien^ 

Dokriie, Doloroia See nnder Dela 

Dolpiaa. dol'fio, «. an animal of the whale kind, 
found in all seat, about t or 10 feet long, and 
extremely rapacious : the coryphencL a fish about 
5 feet in length, noted for the briuiaacy of its 
colouzs when dying. }X-dil^MmUtQit,tUl^kit^\ 

Dell^ dolt, !»., m dttU or stupid lellow. [A.S. dU, 

ening, sttipid.] SeeSelL 
doltish, dolt^ oiU^t Ukt a dM; dull; stupid. 

-4ulv, delTtakly.— «^ isltlihasi, 

Sonata, do-mflaf, «., wkMi0m0i$ mmtitr^ffx has 
iUmmiom orer ; an estate ; territory. [ Fr. d0- 
ivMM^— L. dfmitmtt a mas ter d m m », a house.] 

DoiM, dOm, fi. lit. a htUdiHg; a roof; a structure 
raised above the roof of large buildbgs, usuidly 
hemispherical : a cathedral.— «4{^. deaed', having 
a dome. [Gr. ^S^mm, a roof— ^m«#, to buiki] 

Pomsstte, dO-mes'tik, a4^., &rZmf(M|^ U tkt koust; 
remaining mudi at home, private; tame; not 
foreign. — n, a servant In tne honse.--^0^. 4»- 
ms^tteeOy. [L. domtMHcut—domms, a house.] 

des Mstt se H dO-me^tik^ v,t, U mtmkt domtstie; 
to make fiuniliar ; to tame >-~pr.p. domes'ticil- 
ing; /a./. domee'dcited.-M. iesusMee^llsn. 

doadoOa dom'i'eU, m., « h»uH; an abode.— v./. to 
establish a fined residence i-^.>. domflciling; 
>«./ domiciled.— «<^. domkirieiy. [L. i^wd- 

doatdHeH dom4-siryit, v./., U uimUiik in a 
domiciU or permanent residence I— ^^^. domi* 
dlUdng; ^>. domidTiited.— is. deaMUaika. 

DosBiaa% domln-At, 9./., U ht lord §vtr: to 
govern; to prevail over:-^.>. domlniting; 
/a^. dom'inited. [L. ihmmor, to be master— 
domta, a house.] 

dwntwMl; domln^mt, a4f., hemcmmtierj prevaul- 
ing ; predominant.— IS. in mutic^ the fifth note of 
the scale In Its relation to the first and third. [L. 
ds mimsmS f "mmiit, pr.p. cid0$mm0r.} 

dwtestlsa, doni4n>irshun, eu, /'#fvrPM«#w/; abso- 
lute authority* tyranny. [L. d atrtimmt io.] 

domlaatlv% domln-l^v, mi(^,,iwefnu^: arbitrary. 

dnsilasir, dom1n-€r, 9.i,, U ruU mrmirurify; to 
command haugfatfly v-^^. don^meering ; ^a^, 

drnnhilflal, dO-min'ik-aL m^\, UUngmg U Ottr 
Lend, as the Lord's Prayer, the Lord's Day. [L. 

doBilaiaa, dO-min'yun, is.. UrdsJk^; hl^iest power 
and authoritv; control: the countrv or j>ersons 
governed.-^ angelic and powerful qrfnts. 

doadae, doml-no, n., mnvm worn fy m muuter or 
by a priest ; a long cloak of bUck silk, with a 
hood, used for diuulse.— ^ desBlaees (Os), the 
name of a game. iL. dfftiwntt, a master.] 

doB, don, ». lit. « Urd^ a Spanish title, corre- 
sponding to English Stn formerly applied only 
to noblemen, now to all classes.-^viii. dsaa'a. 
[Sp., fit>m h, dammut.} 

Don, don, v./.. Ud0or put 0m; to assume i-^^, 
donning ; fa^ donned'. [^ contr. ofd^^m,] 


»JV^ ft Cift of money or goods : b imm. the 
act iMr which a penoa freely transfas his tide to 
anything to another. CU dgnrnti* dmt, d^nm- 
twm - d i mtm , a gift-^, to give.] 

doaattfit don'a'tiv, is.. mr(/i! a gratuity : a bene- 
fice presented l^ the founder or patron without 
reference to the hishep... md/, vested or vesting 
by donation. {JUdm^tkmm.^ 

doae^ dO-nf', is., «s# smA^ rutivuagi/t. 

doaor, do'nor, n,, agwtr; a benefactor. 

Dsas^ dun, pa.p. of Be. 

Ooa^ duD^nn,*. orig. the prinelpal buOdfaig of a 
district, or fortress, which t^mmarndtd the rest ; 
a strong^ eeatral tower in andeat eastles, to which 
the nrrison retreated when hard pressed. [Fr., 
low L. dcmi—, dpmmic, d ^ minU , from root of 
Da ai ta s l i t aee. Co Dies, from Ir. ihkt, a fortified 
place. See fliBjiia ] 

DeahQr, dooa1c& m. Ik. tM* dmKoUtmtd amitHai, 
the ass. uiern. from Dai^ and dim. k^,\ 

Osase. See under Dsaatlea. 

Dm, doom, m., tudgmmt; condemnation ; des- 
dnv; ruin; final judgment— v./. to pronounce 
judgment on ; to sentence ; to condemn >—^'^. 
dOSmOng ; /«.>. dOOmed'. [A.S. dcm, judgmenu] 

deeaudaj.dOOnu'da, ic. thtday ^ dpom, the day 
when the worid will be judged. 

deeauday-boek. dODnu'dipbook, ic, a h^ok compiled 
by order of William the Conqueror contaimng a 
survey of all the lands In Engbno, their value, 
owners, ftc so called from iu authority In d00m 
or judgment on the matters contained m it. 

Dear, dOr. ». lit «» •piniiq^i the usual entrance 
into a house or into a room : the wooden frame 
on hinges closing up the entrance : a means of 
approach or access. [A.S. d^, dmrn, Gr. tkura, 
a door, allied to Sans, dvar, an opeiUAg J 

DsfasI, dok'et, a form of deeket 

Dsr, Ditr, dor, IS. a qiecies of beetle, so caBod firora 
its dronmg sound. [A.S. d&rm, a drone, locust] 

Osree, do-rf , or dfli% n, a fish of %.goldm yUtm 
colour, called also dery and ^eha dene, [a cor- 
Kupticm of Yt,Jmta u -d^r4*, gokien-yellow.] 

Derie, dorik, mdj.. UUngm^ U D^rit \n Greece ; 
denoting one of the Grecian orders of architec- 
ture. [V?. dmiqm, from L. JD^rimr— Gr. D»riM.\ 

Oormaa^ doi'mant, mdj,, iUtpiugi at rest; not 
used : In a sleeping posture : in mixk,, leaning.— 
If. a cross-beam; a joist [Fr., pr.p. titdarmir, 
from L. darmi0, to sleeps] 

ilsiasBny, doi'maa^ is., itmU ^hnng dtrmoMt; 

doraur, dor^mftr, n. lit the window afa thtping>' 
r00m; a vertical window on the sloping roof of 
a house. 

dorndtory, dor'mi-tor^, «., « >Zscr tfi tUe^ nr; a 
large deeping-chamber with many beos, [L. 
dprmtU^n um d^ rm io.] 

dformeaei^ dor'mous (jMl dormles), m. lit. M# sl^e^g 
tmcMS*, a gnawing animal, intermediate between 
the squirrel and uie rat and so called because it 
is torpid in winter. [L. dcrmto, to sleep, and 
ICovss : prob. adapted firom Fr. d^rmtust, the 

DemL dor'sal, a4^.tferiaming or ItUmging to ih» 

bach. [L. dernttn^ the back.] 
Doty. SeeDoresb 
Dosa dOs, IS. the quantity of medidnex^wris to be 

taken at one time ; a portion: anything disagree- 

fiUe, fir; mC, hdr; mOne; mOte; m&te; mGOn; Men. 


»blt ihMi mmt be taken.— 9./, to ordtf or give 
inooses: to ghre anything nauseous to \—^-P' 
dfls'ug ; iU./. dOsctr. [Fr., from Gr. tUiUt a 
givin g aidimi, to give.] 

BmI, dust, Moond pen. sing. pres. Ind. of Dc 

Dot, dot, ««. lit. «mU/ ^/«m» w// any small mark 
made with a pen or sharp pouit. — v.i. to maik 
with dots ; to oiveniiy with objects. — v.i. to form 
dots :— ^.>. dotting ;>»>. dott'ed. [A.S. dj^tUm, 

Belal, ItotatlM. See under Dowry. 

Dota^ dflt, v.Lt to h$ tUfyi to be weakly affsctioa- 
ate ; to shew excessive love 1— ^.>. dOring ; /«.>. 
dotted, mdv. ieAlifly. [Dutch,i£9iWis,to be silly; 
Scot doiUU stupid ; Fr. rmdtUr. to rave.] 

detafSk dsfi^, IS., a doUmgi childishiifsi of old 
age: e x cessive fondn es s. 

dotwd.dOt'anL n.j0tt0wk0 doits f one shewing the 
wcaxness of <m age, or excessive fondness. 

Dolh, duth, third pers. dng. pres. ind. of De. 

DeaUs, dub^«4^., iwo/old; twice as much : two of 
a sort together ; in pairs : acting two parts, in- 
sincere. (Fr.— L. dM^ha—dufUx—wt0, two, 
and//M», to fokL] 

doaUe^ dubrl, v.i. to multiply If two; to fold.— 
v.i, to inoreaae to twice the quantity ; to wind in 
running >->r.>. doubling; ^p, doub1ed.-r^s. 
twice as much ; a doubling t a trick. 

doilils hees, dubl^biSi is. the lowesti toned musical 
instnunont of the violin form. 

donhle-satry. dufa^l-M'tri, n. a mode of book-keep- 
ing in which imo otUritt are made of every 
traamction, one on the Dr. or left-hand ude of 
one account, and the other on the Cr. or right- 
hand side of another account, in order that the 
one entry may dbeck the other. 

doablMMSi^ dul/Mies, m., ikt hoimg douUe .* duplicitT. 

4oahlsl» duVlet, is. apair ; an inner garment. [<Md 

DoeUeoo, dub-lOBo', n. a Sp. and Pmt coin, worth 
aor. %d., do n Uo the value of a pistole. 

DeuMk dout, v.L, io mtvo between iwo points ; to 
waver in opinion ; to be uncertain ; to hesitate ; to 
suspect.— v.^. to hold in doubt ; to distrust :— 
>r.>. doubting ;>«.>-<loobfed. [Fr.^lni/rr.from 
L. dtMto-dmo, two, and (obs.) HU, to ga] 

dooM. dout, IS. uncertainty of mind ; suspicion t fear : 
a thing doubted or questioned.— «. dpeWsft— «s^v. 

donbtML dout^fod, o^., /uU qf dotiii; undeter- 
mined ; not dear : not secure ; suspicious ; not 
caa6dcD!L—4ulv, doeM'fslly.— «. donM'iahiMS. 

dOBMIssi^ doutles, adv., miikoui douH; certably. 
-«Ar. doaMlssBly. 

taMoM, dOloi-us, tuU», dotA^fid; undetermined: 
causing doubt : of uncertam event or issue. — 
adv. d^'blosBly.— IS. da'Ueamsak 

Devesv, dOO-s^, n., ihai which iwetiont; a gift 
intended to procure favour, [Fr., from ttoux, 
douce— "L, dulcis, sweet.1 

DoMhs^ dOQsh, M. a jet of water dirociodupom a 
diseased part of the body ; a shower-bath. [Fr. ; 
IL docaa, a water-pipe, from L. duco, to lead.] 

DooglL do, «. lit. dmmitd flour; a mass of flosur or 
mesl moistened and kneaded, but not baked. 
[A.S. dah deawiuut to moisten { Ice. doig^ 
dough— «£n(^. to wet] 

deighy. dOl, A^., Uho dough; soft. 

DoifUfty, doufti, adj., aUe, $iromg; brave. [A.S. 
dohiig, valiant-^Aiym, to bo strong; Oer. iOch- 
Hgt solid, ablo— /osifMS, to be strong.] 


Dtasa doM^ v^t, io^hmgo into wmUvl to slacken 
suodoily, as a sail— v./. to fall suddenly into 
water :-^./. dousing ; pa.^ doused'. [}] 

Dovsb duv, IS. lit. Mr divor, from its rapid rising 
and fallmg in the mr; a pigeon : a word of en- 
deanuenL [A.S. duv a d^ifi am, to dive.] 

deve-eotk duy-kot,4eve-oste, duV-kCt, n., a «»/ or box 
raised above the ground, in which pigeons breed. 

devslet, doVlet, is., a young or nuaUdovo. 

dovstaU. duyuu. M. a mode of fastmiing boards 
together bv fitting pieces shtu^ lHo m dov^a 
iati t/rtmd oui'vato oorresponoing cavities. — v.i. 
to fit one thing into another >-fr^ dove'tailing: 
/«.>. dove'taued. 

Dowalile, Dowagsr, Devsh See under Dowry. 

DswB, down, «., the soft hair under the foathers of 
fowls ; the hsdry covering of the seeds of certain 
plants: an3fthug v^ch soothes or invites to 
reposob [Ger. dmmo, the li^itest Idnd of feathen 
conn, with Ice. duui, Ger. dutui, vapoun mist] 

downy, downl, m£^, ^rairrwfiirfM or made or dSMiOT ; 
like down : s<^; soothing* 

Dswa, down, M., a JUZ?/ a bank of sand thrown up by 
the mk.'-pL a tract of hilly knd, used for pas- 
turing shMpi [Sax. du$^ a hiU. j 

Dswa, down, mdv. lit 4^ ot/rom a hill; m a de- 
sornding direction ; from a higher to a lower 
position : on the ground : from earlier to later 
times.— /np^. along a descent ; from a higher to 
a lower position or state. [A.S. md4n < t , from, 
dum, a hill : or du/m. pa.p. cXduJitm. to sink.] 

dowaeasl» downlcast, acU., etui or bait aemnmmrd; 
dejected; sad. 

dewnBsO, downTal, sk, a/alling dotum of anirthing; 
sudden loss of rank or reputation ; ruin. 

do wa hs srt sd, downliart-ed, adj. dejected in q>lrits. 

dflwnhiU, downliil, o^'. descending; sloping ; easy. 

dowBzlgli^ downfrft, adlf., right doum; plain ; open : 
artless ; unceremonious. — adv. dewsTlght. 

dewnward.down'ward, downwari%down'wards,«lp'., 
M a <^er«(r/AMi <^l9tMi ; towards a lower place or con- 
dition : from the source ; from a time more ancient. 
[A.S. adumweard adum^ weani^ direction.] 

downward, down'ward, «4r., motnt^ or tending 
doum (in any sense) ; dejected. 

Downy. See under Down, soft hair. 

Dewry, dow'ri, is., m g^ ot ondowmtni; the pro- 
perty which a woman brines to her husband at 
marriage— sometimes used lor dewsr. [Ft. douairt, 
low L. doarium, dotariam$—L. doiOf to endows 
ilot, doOa. a dowry— i^, Gr. tUddmt, to give.] 

dower, dow^, «. that paurt of the husband's pro- 
perty whidi his widow enjoys during her lile— 
sometimes used for dowry.— a(^>. dowsrsd, for- 
nished with dower, dew^silssi^ without dower. 

dotal^ ^BftiLaiU'tP'rtaiuing to dowry vtQdxxwet, 
[L. doiaUt^-Hlo9.\ 

dotatten, dO-tft'shun, m. the act of bestowinga<f<Mvrr 
on a woman ; an endowment Dow L. dotaiioA 

dowaUSb doVa-bl, aij., that may bo oudowod; 
entitled to dower, 

dowafsr, doVa-jte, is. a widow with a dower; a 
title given to a widow to distinguish her from the 
wife of htx husband's heir. 

Doxolegf* doks-ol'o-jl, n., the uiiertmee ofM-aite ; a 
form of hjrmn expreadng praise and honour to 
God. [G^. doxologia Joxologoa, giving glorjr— 
doJM, g^o r y d o hei , to think, and J^/#, to speak.] 

Does, dOs, v,i,, to deep lighih or to be half asleep ; 
to be in a dull or stupefied state.— v.^. to spend 
in drowriness i—pr^, dfislng !/a>. dSsed'.- 

ft|e,ars B|,hte2 nioei mOlo; nfltoi nOSa; Msn. 



dioct light sleep.' [Dan. doxt^ to make drowijr *. 

A.S. dmatt, dull; Scot. 420«e, appareotly to ull 

asleep.] — «. dos'tr. 
Dona, duz'n, A(f. two and ten or twelve. — n, a 

collection of twelve articles. [Fr. tirasoiW— L. 

dnadecim — dua^ two, and decern^ ten.] 
Sra^ drab, m. lit. dregt; a low, sluttish woman. 

[A.S. driahhe, dregs ; Ger. tr&b*r, husks, refuse 

— traiemf to tread.] 
dnMto, draM, sr./.. U dirfy tuitk drtn; to be- 
smear with mua and water >-^.>u drabbling; 

>«./. drabbled. -"^ -r- — • 

&n^ drab, m. tliick, strong gray chtk; a gray or 
dull brown colour, like drab doth. [Fr. dra^, 
doth, allied with Ger. derh^ finn, dose.] 

Bndun, dram, m. lit. a hand/id; a wei^t, equal 
to 4 OS. \Qr. dracMmifinnnimss0mm,Ui gcusp 
with the hand.] 

Drafl; draf, n. lit. drtp, waste matter ; the refuse 
of malt that has been brewed from.— adjt. 
draff'idi. draff'y. worthless. [A.S. drof, akin to 
draid*,] See Drab, dngs. 

Draft, draft, n.^ ike act ^ drawing: anything 
drawn: a selection of men from an army, &c : 
an order for the payment of money : lines drawn 
for a plan; a rough sketch: the depth to which 
a vessd sinks in water, [a corr. of Dnuighl] 

draft, draft. v,t,, to draw an outline of; to com- 
pose and write : to draw off; to detach :— >r./. 
drafting; >«./. drafted. 

iraltmaa, drafts'man, «., one who drams plans or 

Drafts, drafts, a game. See draughts imder Draw* 

Drac drag, v./., to draw by farce; to draw slowly; 
to pull roughly tmd violently ; to explore with a 
drag-net. — v.u to hang so as to trail on Uie 
ground; to be forcibly drawn along; to move 
slowly and heavily ; to fish with a drag-net :-> 
>r./. drag'ging ; fa.p. draned'. [A.S. dragon^ 
to draw; Uer. tre^vn, aShcd to L. traJko, to 

trac di«g, n. a net or hook for dragging along 
to catcA tlungs underwater; a heavy harrow; 
a low car or cart; a contrivance for retarding 
carriage wheels in going down slopes; any 
obstacle to progress. 

draggls, draffi, v.t, or /, to make or become wet 
and dirty oy dragging' along the grotmd :— ^./. 
draggling ;>>.>. draggled. 

irac-iMt, drag'-net, m. . a net to he dragged or drawn 
along the bottom of water to catchnsh. 

DracM&sa, dras'o-man, n,faninterfreUrt in Eastern 
countries. [It dragomanttOf from Ar. tar^jn- 
mdn — tardjamOf to interpret.] 

Drafoa, drag'un, m. a &bulous winged serpent, so 
named from its terrible eves; the constellation 
Draco : a fierce person : the flying lizard of the 
E. Indies. [Gr. drak9 n derkomaif edrakon. 
Sans, dric, to see.}— a<Cf>. drag'oalsh, drsf^ooUkt. 

drsffOBAt, draig'un-et, «., a little dragon ; a j^enus 
c^ fishes of the goby fiimuly. two spectes of 
which are found on the coast oi England. 

iraffOttlly, drag'un-fll, m. . an insect wiu very large 
eyes, a long body, and brilUant colours. 

dFSfOB's-blood, dra^una-blud, n. the red juice or 
Uood of several trees in S. America and the £. 
Indies, used for colouring. 

drafooo, dra-gODn', «. a hcvse-soldier trained to 
fight either on horsebodc or on foot. — v,t. to give 
up to the rage of soldiers ; to compd by violent 
measures ^f—Pr»p, dragooning ; >•.>. dragCOned'. 


•ilv CawT'?* prob. so called from having origiii- 

•**JLa2!^^ * °»»»ke« callc<l a dragon^ 

■'5jnrj»«. drag-on-ad; n. the persecution of 
\^. ™tcstants under Louis XIV. and his 
•**^*^***or8, by an armed force, usually of dra- 
ggp^' [Fr.— ^nij^wi, dragoon.] 

*«••«■•*•. drag-ODn-SUl', n, abandonment of a 
place to the rage of soldiers. 

Drata. drtn, tr.i, to trickle away, to dro^i to flow 
off gradually.-^./, to draw off by degrees ; to 
filter ; to dear of water by drains ; to nuUce dry ; 
to exhaust .w>r./. dramlng; >*.>. drained'. 
— «. a water-course; a ditch; a sewer. [A.S. 
dreknigean, to strain ; okl Ger. drakan, Ger. 
tkrane, a drop, a teax.\-adj. dralBTaUe. 

draiaaft^ drSn'SJ, n. the gradual draining or flow^ 
ing off of a liquid ; the drawing off ofwater by 
rivers ; the system of drains in a town. 

draiaar, drftn'ir, m., one wko drains; a utensil on 
whidi artides are placed U drain, 

Drake, drflk, m., tke lord or male of the duck, [Sw. 
andrake, Dan. andrik—K.S. ened, L. anat, a 
duck, and okl Ger. rik, Goth, reiks, ruler, chief.] 

Xta«a, dram, n. a contraction of- Draelm ; <^th of 
an oz. avoirdupois: as much raw spirits as is 
drunk at once. 

Draasa, dram'a, or drft'ma, n. a representation of 
actions inhuman life ; a series of deeply interest- 
ing events : a com^xtsition mtended to be spoken 
and rewesented on the stage ; dramatic litera- 
ture. [L. drama^ Gr. dramor—dna, to do.] 

dzamatk^ dra-matlk, dramatleaT, dra-matlk-al, 
adj,, ielongit^ to tke drama: appropriate to or 
in the form of a drama.— <Mfv. dnaaalrieally. 

diamatla^ dram'a-tls, v,t, to compose in or turn into 
the form of a drama or play >—pr.^. drain'atis* 
ing ; /a.>. dram'atlsed. [Gr. dramatizfi,} 

dramallsl^ dram'a-tist, «., tke autkor ^a dramatic 
^m^ontion, a writer of plays. 

Drank, drangk— ^^/ tense of Drink. 

Drape, drftp, v.t, to cover wiik clotk >-^.p. drflp'. 
ing ; >«./. draped'. [Fr. draj^, doth. See Drabi] 

draper, drap'&r, »., on* wko deals in drapery or 
doth, itt, drapiei^-draM 

dn^njf drSj/6i4, n,, cloth-making; cloth goods ; 
hangings of any kind. [Fr. draferie—drap.^ 

DnsUo^ diatf'tik, adj., active, powerful— «. a 
medicine that purges quickly or thoroughly. 
[Gr. drastikos—drad, to act, to do.] 

DraagM^ DnM^hts. See under Draw. 

Dravs, drSv, old /a. /. of Drtva. 

Draw, draw, v.t.. to drag or full along: to bring 
fordbly towards one: toenuce : to inhale: to take 
out : to deduce : to lengthen : to make a picture 
oC bylines drawn ; to describe : to require a depth 
of^ water for floating. — v.i. to pull : to practise 
drawing: to move or approach :—^f./. draw'- 
injg; pa.t, drew (drSO) ; pa.p. drawn.— ^. the act 
of^ drawing; anything drawn. — €ulj, draw'aUe. 
[A.S. dragan. See Drag,] 

drawba^ draw'bak, n., a giving hack of some 
part of the duty on goods on their exportation ; 
any loss of advantage. [Draw, and Back.] 

drawteidge, drawl>rij, n., a bridge that can be 
drawn up or let down at pleasure. 

drawes^ draw-€', n. the person on whom a bill of 
exchange is drawn, 

draww, draVdr, n,, ke at ikat wkick draws; a 
thing drawn out, like the sliding box in a case. 
—pi, a close underwgarment for ue lower limbs. 

drawlac drawing, «. the art of representiog oljects 

[Qoar ing ; /«./• dragoone<r. drawtai; drawing, is. the a 
ate,f)Ur; me,h&r; mliw; mOte; mflte; mOQs; Men. 


by Unet drunm^ shading, ftc : a picture : tlw 
distribution of prues, as at a lottery. 

tfrawlaf^eoi^ draw'ing^rOOm, m, orig. a witMdram' 
ing room.; a nom to trhidi the company or a 
part of it withdraws after dinner : the company 
that meets there : a reception of company in it. 

iraw>wsll, dxaV-wel. m.. a tooU from whicn water 
is drmnm up by a Dudcet and apparatus. 

tfraaghtk draft, n., act of drawing; force needed 
to dntw: the act ol drinking: the quantity 
drunk at a time : outline of a j>icture : that 
which is taken in a net by drawing: a chosen 
detachment of men : a current of air : the depth to 
which a ship sinks in the water.— v./. more com- 
monly Dnfl, to draw out l—^.P* draught'ing ; 
pa^. drang ht'ed. [A. S. drokt^-drapm^ to draw.] 

draa^ ^^*^t dsM^-hoas^ m. in ^» a priTy. 

tBnMtgaSfMt drafts, «(. a game played by two persons, 
on a dieckered board, called the dn«|hf-board 
(from the pieces being drawti along it), with 
pieces called dTavfkt^aMB. 

JmaglitMua, diafts'man, n. See drafl^um. 

4ray, dtS, n. a low strong cart for heary goods, 
which u ilragged or drawn, [A.S. aruirte, a 
drag, from i^iM.] 

Drawl, drawL vJ. lit. to Ungier; to speak in a slow, 
lengthened tone. — v.t» to utter wtmls in a slow 
and sleepy manner:—^./, drawling; /«.>. 
drawled'. — n, a slow, lengthened uttexance of 
the Toice. [Dutch, draaun, to Enger.}— <m^. 
drawtlaily. — n, drawtlngnssii 

Dray. See under Draw. 

Dread, dred, n,.ftar; orerv^ielminjg tenor; awe; 
the objects that excite fear, a dj , exciting great 
fear or awe.— v./. m Pr. Blc, tojfltarymith rever- 
ence : to retard with terror. — v.i. to be in great 
fear:— ^>. dreading; >«.>. dread'ed. [A.S. 
draod, fear, Scot rod, rod, afraid ; old Sw. 
raodmo, to be afraid.1 

ai ied ft ri, dred'fool, a4;. ong.Jnil of dread; pro- 
dudog great fear or awe ; terrible. — adv* drtad'- 

taOy.— M. drMd'ltfBMB. 

triiilMi^ dredles, adj.t/reo/rom dread; intrepid. 
—adv, <ri>il1ssS|y. — «. di se il ss— » 

Drsasi, drCm, n, a train of thoughts and fiuides 
during tUef, a vision : something which has only 
an imaginary reality. [Ger. traufn, a dream ; 
old S. dr0m, Dutch, droom, sleep ; akin to L. 
dormio. Sans. drA, to sleep : or to Gael, drem, an 

irsem, drCm, v.i, to frmcy things d$tringske^: to 
tluxJc idly. — v.t. to see in, or as in a dream : — 
/r.>. dream'ing ; >«./. ana/a,^. dreamt (dremt). 
— M. tfrsam'er. — aav. dreaaartaigty. 

diwlM^ drCmleSj ad/.^/ree/rom drtams, 

irssaiy, drSml, adf^j/iUttif dreams ; appropriate to 

Drssr, drCr, tfraaiy, dr&i^. adj, lit dtjeeUd^ tommh 
Jul ; gloomy ; cheerless. — €tdv, AxwxVif, — «. 
drsar^assB. [A.S. dreorif—dreoran, to frJl, be- 
come weak ; Ger. iraun g ir eku ern , to mourn.] 

Dredfli^ drd, n* an instniment i^ dragnngt a 
drag-net tor catching oysters, &c.; a machine for 
taking up mud from a harbour or other water. — 
v.U to gather with a dredge ; to deepen with a 
dredge \—pr.p. dredclng ; pa.p, dredged'. [A. S. 
drmge—drugan, to cuag.] 

drsdfer, dreffar, n.,ono who fishes with a dredge: 
a dredging-machine. 

Ondfe^ drej, v./., to e^Hnklo flour on meat white 
roasting ^--^.>• dredging :>•.> dredged'. p>aii. 

dfyete, conn, with Scot <fnw4, atoms, fragments.] 
— M. 4redg'ir, a utensil for dredging. 

Dnfik dregs, «.>/., r^fiuo matter; impurities In 
liquor that frdl to the bottom, the grounds: dross; 
the vilest part of anything. . [Ice. dreggl Ger. 
dreck, excrement, mud; allied with Gr. trux, 
tntgoe, the dren of wine, trugdt to dry.] 

drsfiy, dregl, *taj., containing dregs; muddy; 
fouL — ns. drtggiassB ; drsgg'lSlmssi 

Draeh, drensh, v.t, lit to cause todrinJk ; to fill with 
drink or liquid ; to wet thoroughly : to physic by 
force:— ^^. drenching; /a.>. drenchea. — «. 
a draught : a dose of physic forced down the 
throat [A.S. drencean, to give to drink, from 
dri$ican, to drink. See Drink.] 

Dnsi^ dres, v.t., to make direct or straigki; to pot 
in order: to put clothes upon: to prepare; to 
cook : to trim : to deck : to cleanse a sore. — v,i» 
to arrange in a line : to put on clothes '.—fr.p* 
dressing ; pat, and /«.>. dressed' or drest— «. 
the covering or ornament of the body ; a lady's 
gown: style of dress. [Fr. dresser, to make 
straight, to prepare, from L. dirigo, directmn, 
to direct] 

drtsMT, 6s^iTf n,, one who dresses: a table on 
which meat is dressed or (Mepared for use. 

Artsdai; dreslng, »., //rvtr or clothes : manure given 
to land : matter used to give stifiness and gloss 
to cloth ; the bandage, &». applied to a sore : an 
ornamental moulding. 

flrwslni nssty dreslng-ds, n., a cos* of articles 
used in dressing one's self. 

dzssqr, dresi, et4f'* showy in or fond of dress. 

Drew, dr09l>— did draw— /«./. of Draw. 

DribUe^ dribl, vJ., to fail in small drof^i to drop 
quickly: to slaver, as a child or an idiot. — v.t* 
to let fidl in drops:— >n/. dribbling; >«.>. 
dribbled.— M. ditbbW. Idim. of Dil^] 

drlhUslk driblet^ driblet, n,, a very small drop; 
a small quantity ; a small sum ofmoney. 

Drifts drift. «., ^ai which is driven; a heap of 
matter driven together ; the force that drives ; 
the direction in whidi a thing is driven : the 
object aimed at; the meaning of words used. 
— v.^ to drive into heaps, as snow. — v.i, to be 
floated along; to be dnven into heaps:— 3^.>. 
drifting : /a.>. drifted. (See Drtva] 

drifttos% dnftles, adj., without drift or aim. 

dxlfl-wood, drifk<-wood, n., wood drifted \3j water. 

Dtm, dril, v.t., to thrill ox pierce through, im- 
plying vibration or shaking; hence — to triU, 
trail, or brandish the jHke; to train soldiers by 
repeated e xer cise. — v.t. to muster for exercise, as 
soldiers:—^./, drilling; /a^. dtiUedf.—n. an 
instrument that iores; act of^ training soldiers. 
[Dutch, drillen, trillen, to shake, driUen, to 
shake a pike, to drill soldiers; A.S. thiriian, to 
make a hole. See BrfD, Srell, MIL] 

drlU-pcesB, drif-pres, n., a press or machine >^ 
drilling holes in metals. 

drill ss U se nI t driK-sftr-Jent «.. a sergeani or non- 
oommisstoned <^Bcer who ariUs s(udiers. 

Drill, dril. If., a row or furrow to put seed into in 
sowing.— v./. to sow in rows. [W. rkill, a row.] 

DriniBg^ drUIng, is. lit a tr^le-corded cloth; a 
coarse linen or cotton doth, used for trousers. 
[Ger. d riffich d rei, three, L. tree, and Ucisms^ 
a thread of the warp.] 

Driak, dringk, v.t., to such in: to swallow, as m 
liquid: to take m duough the senses.— v.^ to 
swallow a liquid ; to tako hitoxicating liqoors to 

f&te,l2r; nflbhAr; oiIms aiate; mttte; nOOo; Men. 



tttettS-^^. drinVbg; ^i, drank] Ai.>. 

drank.— «. tomethlng to be drank ; intoadcating 

liquor. [A.S. driHcan, Ger. trmkin, from Ice. 

drteka, low Sauc. trnkemt to dxmw.] 
IrlaUM*, drinriea-bl, m^/.. that MMtr it drtmk; 

fit to be dnuuc— M. irtiriraMMMt, 
dilBktr, dringk'te, n,. #m# who drinks ; a tippler. 
trteMMag^driniBk^-^ing, n, a Jewish offtring 

ofwhUf &C. in their religioos aenricea. 
iriife, dnin|ric, m^., itti§xt€mUds aatttrated. 
OrtahaM, ftimgk'ara, ii., m# tnA^ fnqmitUly 

drimki U gjcua; ona hnbitoally drunk. 
ifVBkaa, dnnck^n, m^; inUjckaUd; given to ex- 

oesatre drinking ; reaaltlng from intoxication. 
draakaaaiSp drangk^frAea, n,, imUxiaUUm; haU- 

BMf^ drip, v.i,j U/mUindr^fsi to let fidl drops. 
^^.i. to let uH m drops :~:^.>. drlppiln^ ''J^'^t' 
dripped'.-'-^k a fidUng in (vops ; that whi^ falls 

in drops: the edce of a loof. [A.S* drypmtt, 
drtpptm^ to drop. J See Drop. 

dffPilac, driI/hli^ n., *^^ which faUt in drtj^, as 
fat firom meat m roasting. 

Itatv% diTv, v.t,t t0 pushfynuardi to force along ; 
to harry one on : to hunt : to guide, as horses 
drawing a carrlaca ; to distress or straiten.— «.i 
to press forwara with vlolenoe; to be forced 
along ; to go in a carriage ; to tend towards a 
point »-/r.>. dfTvlng ;/«./. drove ;>«./. drlv^en. 
— «. an excursion in a carriage ; a rood for driving 
on.— «. drlv'tr. [A.S. drthn, to drive *, Ger. 
trtibtH, to push; allied wi(h Gr. ttOd^ to rub.] 

diova^ drOv, «. a number of cattle, or other anittau, 

irofir, dtn^tt, n,, me whe drhn eattle. 

IMval, dri/I, 9,i,, it stavtr or let spittle dHUU, 
lih* « ehiUi to be foolish; to speak like an 
idiot :-^.>. drfv'elHng; >«.>. driv'elled.— m. 
slaver ; nonsense, [a form of Mbbls.}— #. dili^- 
•Uv, a fooL 

ftrlwla, dris% t.l, U mdhi a rutiUni miti im 
dfippingwjmlttng ; to rain b small drros \—fr^, 
drixrling ; >«.>. drizzled.— «. a smalL light rauu 
^^idj, drtelt*. ^rov. Ger. drUsitm for Hneln, 
to drip : Swiss, dfoieim, to fall with a tustling 
noise ; Dan. dratU, to patter.] 

mnets fUkt m intl or dwarf; odd; amusing; 

laughable.— «. one who excites mirth ; a jester. 
— e^.A to practise dro*" 
faig ;>«.>. drOUed'. 

*^^.L to practise droOenr ( to jest 9-yr./. diflU'- 
faig ; >«.>. drOUed'.-^-«i^. «mfl^ aooewhat 
drao.— «. dfoirary. [F^. drdU; Cer. drvUig, 
fanny, troOe, awkward; Ice. tr^ * giant, a 

UrnaiiiiiT, drom'e-dar-I, «. tin AraUan casMl, 
which has one hump on its bade, ao namedy^mw 
its spttd, (L. dfpmmdmHmt^ and <f»gwiaj, from 
Gx. dromaSf drtmmdos, rannm g drmm 9, to ran.] 

DroMy drOn. n,, a lew, hm mmit ig setmd; that 
which maikea auch a aoond, aa the male of the 
honey-bee^ or the huaaat taba of the banq>e : 
one who fives on the labour of others, luce the 
drone-bee; a ksy, idle fellow * w . i. to nadce a 
low, humming noise ; to live in idlsQasi :— ^.>. 
dfOo^: /aj. driloed'. rA.S. dnm, the bee; 
loa. dnmr, Dan. drwm, dm, a romb&ng noise, 
Gad. dnmmdam, humnung: from the aound.] 

inaiA, dittailsh, md/., like a drmifluj. Idle.— 

Oroayu Sea tmdar Biep. 

Stop, drop^ #Ul to fen In amaS paitideat to let 


4f<^^: to feU auddenly; to die toddenly: 
to come to an end ; to fall or sink lower.— v./. 
to jet fall in drops ; to cover with drops : to let 
fall; to let go, or dismiss: to utter casuallv : to 
lower V' frT p. dropo^ing ; /«.>. drop|»ed'. f A.S. 
dropmtt^ drtoptmi ice. drim/a^ to drip, to hang 
the head; Ger /nyl^is, aldn to irit/m, todrop^ 
to trickle.] 

iropk drop, n, a small particle of Uqtiid which fidla 
at one time ; a Tery small quantity of liquid : 
anything hanging like a drop ; anything airanged 
to drop.— «k £«^Wi^ « UttU drop, 

dfeaiL drOOp, v,i, Ut Udrvp or hanff the head ; to 
sink or hang down; to growweax or faint; to 
decUae >—tr^, drOOplng ; /•>. dtOOped'. 

Dropsy, drop's!, n, an unnatural collection of sms^^ 
in any part of the body. [corr. from kfdrpfsjf-' 
Gr. Ifyddr, water.1 

dmaloa^ drwsik-a!, a4f.t PertaitUng td. resem- 
bling, or affected with db^Psy.—n, iwprtnshisM. 

Droaky, drosid, «. a low four>wheeled| open carri- 
age, much used in Russia. [Russ. arvmhki, dim. 

of OfM - - - 

the pole of a carriage.] 

Drorn^ droa, »., whmtfaUs dtmm, dregs f the acum 
which metaOs throw off when mdting : waste 
matter ; refuse ; rust. [A.S. dros, from drtasam, 
to fell : Ger. dmse, ore decayed by the weather.] 

dressy, drosl, a^/., ^tU e/drou; like dross; im- 
pure ; worthless. — «. drss^bMsa. 

Droaghl See under Diy. 
Drev% Draw. See under Drive. 

DrawB, drown, v.l., U dmuh or sink In water ; to 
Idll by phuanff under water ; to overpower ; to 
extinguish.— v.^ to be suffocated In waters— 
>r>. drowB^ng ; ./a^. drowned'. [A.S. drmu" 
nimm, to d i ow n drutu en, of drimemm, to 
drink.] SeeOmdI. 

Drowao^ drowa, vJ., te dfvof the head; to nod the 
head, as when heavy witn deep ; to look heavy 
and duU.— «./. to make heavy with deep: to 
Itufnfy } P^ ^> droWi^ng \Pa.p» drowsed'. rA.S. 
dre&soH, to mil ; Dutch, arvesen, to faU asleep.] 
r, drowsl, eu^t.sletpj^; heavy; ddL-^Mflr. 

ffstf/, a kind of carriage, properly pL ctdrega, 
pole of a carriage.] 


DnA^ drab, t.t, to strike; to beat at Ostsh }— 
-.>. drabblng; pa.jf, drabbed'.— is. a Uow. 
\ Eng. dfvh, A.S. drepoHf Ice. druBba.^ 

Dnifs, dnd| v.£, te drugospuUfertHly; to work 
bard ; to do very mean wcmc >--^,p, drudg^ag ; 
/a^. drudged'. — «. one who woiicsnard; a slave ; 
a menid servant.— Wv. dradglagly. [A.S. dreo' 
/«Mi,towo>k; Scot i&visf^ to anu( ; akm to Drac.1 

tfndMy, (fri^An-i, m., the werk qfm demdge; hard 
or numble labonr. 

draff, ». an herb dried for 
.' aaoslanoe used in medid 
an' article that adls slowly, like 


[ In email paitideat to let ooka,a«0; 
Ota, fir; m8,lito; oAm; mtfCe^jnOte.; 

medicine, dyeing; 
rly, like medidae^-a:/. 
to mix or anasnn with drags; to dose to ex- 
cess.— «.^ to prescribe drun or medidnes >— 
>r./. drugging;/*^. dratted'. [A.S. drig, dry.] 
driftfM, drog'lst, «., enewhedemis m drugs. 

inanity dragit sk, m e em r a e jryXima. doth, used as 
a prolactkm fer carpeta. (n dewguet, dim. of 
dngme, drag; trash.] 

Dm^ ditnld, sk, m priest among tiba aadeot 
Celts of Britain, Gaiu, and Oerauay, who wor- 
rit emh t re es, -^m. DnU'«Bii-«4A 
(OoeL druidh; W. de twj d d Mtw, 
r, Gr. i6iiif^ an oak, Sana, ^frvr. 

flsBBns ihteu 


dMiby, duch'i, «., Mr UrriUiy of a dnki, a duke- 
dom. [Fr. dticM—€l9ie.\ 

Dnlofll, dufset, mdj., tweti to die tasteLor to the 
ear ; melodious^ nannomous. [old Fr. dolcti, 
dim. of dolt = «WMur— L. d$ticu, gweet] 

dildtaow, du)-«tflOO-us, A^.,yKMVM;i'nMr/(r* [L> 
duiciSf zxAfiuo^ to flow.] 

daldtr, dura-mte, m. a musical instrument, so 
named from the swettnnt of its sound — it is tri- 
angular, with <o brass wires, which are struck 
with small roos : a Jewish musical instrument, 
ace. to Gescsius, a double pipe with a bag. 

Dan, dul, adj.t tinpid, from wtuuUring of ike 
mmd; slow of hearing, of leammg, or of under* 
standing : Insennble; without life or spirit: slow 
of motum; drowsy; sleepv: •»!; downcast: 
dieerless; not bright or dear; cloudy; dim^ 
obscure : obtuse ; blunt. — udv. tnJflf. — m. dar> 
BMS. [A.S. do l dw oUtm^ to err; Dutch, doL 
naA—koUn, to wander, to rave ; Ger. toll^ mad. J 

dun, dul, v.t.t to make dull; to make stupid ; to 
blunt ; to damp ; to cloud. — v.s. to become dull : 
— ^.>. dulling; >s.>. dulled'. 

dallard, dul'ard, n., a dull and stupid ptrum ; a 
dunce. [sigkt. 

dall-sl^ted, duI'-sTt-ed, adi. baring duil or weak 

daU-wttted, dul'-wit-ed, ad;, not smart ; heavy. 

Daly. SeetrnderDaa. 

Ihu^ dum, «4r.» dtdl; silent; usable to speak; 
without the power of speech; soundless. — m. 
dnb'BMB. [A.S. dtma, Ger. dtmt/f. dead (of 
sound), dmmm, stupid ; Dutch, dttm, dull, dea£] 

damb-toUs, dum'-belx, n.^ weights swtmg in the 
hands for exercise. (pantomime. 

daaib-itew, dum'-shO. n. gesture without words; 

damfeand, dum'found, v./., /o ttriko dmmk; to 
confuse greatly. 

daaay, duml, m., omo wko it dmmk: a sham pack- 
age in a shop : the fourth or exposed hand when 
three persons play at whisL 

Dnnpi, dumps, it.//., dnU$ust or i^oominess of 
nund; ill-humour. (Ger. dumpf i^oomy— 

dumm^ ^°^1 ^^ Si«P. 
dvaavlsh, dumpish, adj.^ riven to dumps; depressed 
in spirits.— ^a/p. dam|riih|y. — n, dampishaMs. 

Ooapy. dumpi, adj., tkort and tkick. [Ice. doom^^ 

a diort, stout, servant-maid, from dom^a^ to 

check : or from Dab or DabJ 
daapUBC dumpling, n, a kind of MilcA pudding or 

mass of paste. 
Daa, dun, adj., of a dark cotaur, partly brown 

and black. — v,t, to make of a dun colour '.—^r.p. 

dunn'ing ; /a./, dunned'. [A.S. dun, W. tfww, 

dusky; Gad. don^ brown.] 
^— lA dtmlsh, adj,, sonuwkat dun, 

Daa, dun, v.i, to demand a debt with din or noise; 
to urge for payment >~pr.p, dunnliu; ; /«.>. 
dunned'. — «., one wko dmu; a demand for pay- 
ment. [A.S.tfr«Mif,Ice.i(r»M,tomakeanoise, 
to damour, fr^ A.S. dyne. Ice. dyn, noise.] 

DvBoe^ dons, »., otto ^ppfy^ ^ learmnri one slow 
at learning : a stupid person ; one of weak intel- 
lect [Dttnt (Scotus), die leader of the school- 
men from him called Dmuee, who opposed 
5^q«Mf^l studies m the rerival of leammg.}— 
a<^>. daaelili, daaoeHka. 

Daa, dOOn, n. a low hill of sand on the Ma-chore. 

[A.S. and Gael d$tn, a hilL] 
Doft dung, n,, a wet kea^: the excrement of ant- 

— '>U ; remse Utter mixed with excrement— «r.#. 

excrement :-« 


^t^^lJ^^^^^Z'-^-^ to void e 
J^J^i^^*H:M/-dung^'.^adj\dm^j. UlS. 
^^It J • *"«V. dungerA 
dMTW^ aung'-hil, «., a kiUoe heap tfdung; any 
mean situation. 

Donfsoa, dun^un, «., ike comtnanding hdlding of 
afortreu; a dose, dark prison; a cell under 
ground, [from root of Deijea.] 

Danlla, dunlin, n. a kind of sandpiper, so called 
from its frequenting the dimes and pools by the 
sea-side. [Gael dit$t, hill, and Unne, a pooL] 

Dao, dO'o, IS. a song in two parts, [L. duo, two.] 

^QodsdauU, da-o-desl-mal, adj,, computed bpt 
twelves: twelfth.— pi. a rule of arithmetic, m 
whidi the denominations rise by twdve. [L. 
duodecim, twdve — d$io, two^ and decern, ten.] 

daodeetao, dfl-o-desl-mo, a4/' formed of dieets 
folded so as to make twelve leaves. — n, a book 
of such sheets — usually written lamo. 

daodMomlal, dfl-OKle-sen'sral, a4f. occurring ev er y 
twelve years. [L. duoaecim, antnts, a year.] 

daodeeaple, da-o-dek'a-pl, ad/., twelvefold ; con- 
sisting of twdve. [L. duoaecim, plico, to fdd.] 

Dundsnain, dO-OKlCnum, n. the first of the small in- 
testines, so called because about twelve fingers' 
breadth in length. [L. duodeni, twdve each.] 

D«p«, dpp, M., oneeasilvckeated; one whois deceived 
or misled. — v.t to decdve ; to trick \—Prp. dOp'- 
ing:>a./. doped'.— A^'. dap'abk. [Fr. dupe, 
from dsMe, a hoopoe, a foolish bird : or cor- 
rupted from L. decipio, to catch.] 

Dapla, dlfpL adj., double; twofold. [L. duplex, 
twofold, from cfuo, two, scadpUco, to fold.] 

dapUeate, da'pltk-dt, tulj., double; twofold. — n, an- 
other thing of the same kind ; a copy or trans- 
cript — v.t, to double; to fold:— ^>. dO'plic&fr* 
ing; Pa.f. dO'plicftted. [L. duplico, duplicatut — 
duplex.}— n. dnpllea'tiflB. 

dnpUd^, dfl-plislt-L n., doukleness ; hislnceritvof 
heart or speech; decdt [L. duplieitas-~dupux.} 

Dare, dOr, v.i, (obs.). to endttrr, last, or continne. 

[L. duro—durus. hard.] 
daraUe, dii/ai-h\,adj., able to last or end$ere;haidr; 

permanent— a/p. dnr'ably.— «. dar^aWsness. [L. 

durabiiis—duro, to last] 
daraktUiy, dOr-a-bOlt-i, n. , quaUty^being durable, 

power of resisting decay, 
darsaee, dOr'ans. n,, contimeance; Imprisonment; 

duress. [L. durans, pr.p. ofdurv.^ 
daratton, dO-rft'shun, m., continuance in time} 

time indefinitdy ; power of continuance, 
darsss^ dOi'es, n*, kardskip ; constraint ; imprison- 
ment [old Fr. duresse— dur, L. durus, hard.] 
darttli, d(h<eth, in ^., 3d pers. sing, of obs. Dars. 
dnrlBff, dOrlng, prep., for tke time a tking lasts, 

[pr.p. of obs. Dare, to last.] 
Danl» durst, /a./, of Dare. [A.S. dorste, pa.t of 

dear, to diire.] 

dusk, Ajgr., dull; daikish ; of a dark colour. 
— n. twuight; partial darkness; daricness of 
colour.— «<^. dvskly*— «• dask'naa. [Sw. dusk, 
dull weather ; Dan. dulsk, dull] 
isky, duski, tulf., dark or obscure ; daric-colouxed : 
sad ; fAooa^.—adv. datk'Uy.— «. da*tn— . 
daAlsh, dusklsh, a<(;., ratker dusky; slightly dark 
or ISadt.'-adv. daak'ltfdy.— «(. dask'lduuss. 

Dasl^ dust, n. fine particles of anything Hke -smoke 
or vapour; powder : earth ; the grave^ where tho 
body becomes €lust: a mean condition. — v.t* 
Co free from dust; to sprinkle with dust:— ;^^. 

fitte,f)Ur; me,h&-; mine; mOte; mate; mOOn; Men. 


dusting ;/a.>.dusfed. [A.S. dmtt Oer. dufui, 
vapour ; Dutch, ehnst, vapour, flour.] 

AifUr, dtnt'far, n, a utensil to dear/mw dtui, 

twty, duscl, Mj., cwered or sprinkled witA dtui; 
like dust— «. dotlBMS. 

Ovlal^ duch, a<(r. belonging to Holland, or its people. 
[Ger. dtniscM-iUut, oU Ger. diot, A.S. t/Uod, 
the people.] 

Pa t — % Dsttfal, Dalr. ftc. See undir Dm. 

DasBvlraH dO-um'vi-rat, i»., /4» immw 0f iw0 m 
Mtf smmuoffict ; a form of government m ancient 
Rome. [L. <6i0, two, and vf'r, a man.] 

Ihrali^ dwIl^iR. the deadly ntghtshaide, which poisons, 
dulU, or shMjUs; in Am, a black colour. 
[A.& dwal, (QW^ik--dwelam, to be dull, stupid.] 

Dwaii; dwawrf, h. anything crocked or d^/brwud; 
an animal or plant that does not reach the ordi- 
nary height ; a diminutive man. — v.t, to hinder 
from growing i—fr,p, dwarfing ; >•.>. dwarfed'. 
[A.S. d wt0 i T['~tm»er, crodcedT] 

dwailsk, dwawxflsh, a<{f., Wuadwarf; ve r y sm all; 
deqacable.— «</^. dwarf liUy.—M. dvarfttkuss. 

Dwril^ dwel, 9.(1, U delay, to litiger; to abide in 
a place; to inhalnt: to rest toe attention; to 
continue long >-^-^ dwelling ; /■./. and >&./. 
dweUed' or dwel?.— «. dwdl'er. rA.S. dwtlan. 


to wander; old Sw. dtmulias, to delay.] 
4w«DlBg; dwetlng, n., ike pSaet w here one dwells; 

habitation: continuance. 
Dwladls, dwin'dL v.l, U watte awe^; to grow 

less : to grow feeble ; to become degenerate. — vJ, 

to lessen I'-^rip. dwin'dling ; /a./, dwin'dled. 

[A.S.i^B««aii,tofiMle: Dan./vmr,topineaway.] 
Dys^ d^ vJ., U took; to stain; to give a new 

colour Mi>-pr,p. dyeing; /«•>. dyed*. — «. 

colour; tinge; stain; a colouring liquid. [A.S. 

dtagoH, to dye : Dam. dyggt. to qninkle with 

water; prob.akintoL. /M;r9,Gr. Unggp^XoyttX,^ 
49«r, df ^ M. one whose trade is to dye cloth, fta 
djilaf; dring, m., the ttrt or trade of colouring 

cloth, &C. 
<yss»ifr^ df-stn£i, ».>/. material used in dyring. 

Qyt^ dl1ng,>r.>. of Dlsu— a^t*. destined for death, 
mortal ; occurring immediately^ before death, 
as dying wcwds ; supporting a dying penon, as a 
dying bed ; pertaining to death. — n. death. 

Hika, sameasDIka. 

Dyaamle, dl-namHc, Dyaamkal, dT-nam1k-al, o^., 
relattMf to /ower: relating to the effects of 
forces m nature. [Gr. dynatmkot—dyttamu, 
poma-^ymtmai, to be able.]— «<fp. dyaus'lealty. 

dyaaBles, dl-namUcs, »., tkt tcionce of/orc$* pro- 
ducing motion in bodies. 

dywamomHsr, din-am-om'e-t£r, n, an instrument/^ 
meatttriag strtngth, esp. that of animals. [Gr. 
dynamm, and wutrot$, a measure.] 

Oyatsly, df nas-tL or din^, n, lit. tonlskt/f a succet- 
non of kings of the same family. — aify. tfynai^tle, 
belonging to a dynasty. [Gr. dymutis, a lord — 

Dyswienr, dis^en-feer*!. n. a disease of the entrails 
or bowels, attended with pain and a discharge of 
mucus and blood.-^^M^'. ^jwnUefla. [Gr. dy- 
sentoria, from dys, ill, enteral the entniils.] 

P jsiwpsj r , dis^pep'd, Dtepspria, dis-pep^d-a, «., diM- 
ciUt dsgestion ; indigestion. [Gr. dyspepsia^^ays, 
hard, difficult, and possd, P&sd, to <u^est] 

^i w p*to » dis-i>ej/tik. a4/.f oMicied wttk, pertain- 
ing to, or arising from mdigestioo. — m. a person 
afflicted with dyspepsia. 

Batih, Cch, adj., every one in any number separately 
considered. [A.S. tele, from a, aa, ever, and 
^, like; Scot. «£(,</*«.] 

Zsfw, ffg<tr, adj. liL sharp, keen; excited by de- 
sire : ardent to do or obtain ; earnest.— iirfr. 
•aff'sriy.— ^ •aff'erBMB. [old Eng. #/w, Fr. aigre. 
Prov. agre, from L. acer, sluup— root ae, sharp.] 

BacK C'gl. «• lit. tho swift one; a large bird of 
prey : a military standard, carrying the figure of 
an eagle: a gold coin of the United Sutes, 
worth ten dollars or 43s. [Fr. aigU, Sp. agmila, 
L. a^nila, from root ae, sharp, swift.] 

•agls y sd, Cf 1-ld, adj\, sharp-oyed as an eagle; 
having a piercing eye ; discerning. 

saflet, C^let, n,, a young or small eagle. 

lapv^ CgtefM. rise of the tide, same as Berc [A.S. 
egor, water, sea.] 

lar, Cr, ». the organ o(ko€sn$igpi the external part 
merel^ir; the sense or power <Mhearing; the&^ty 
of distinguishing sounds : attention : anvthing like 
an ear. [A.S. eare; L. auris; Ger. onr.y-Hu(/s, 
•arsd', having ears ; earlssi, wanting ears. 

•ar'«eh«^ Ci'-ftk, «., an acAo or pain in the ear, 

•ar-drep^ b'-drop, sar-riag. Ci^-riiw, m., a ring or 
ornament drooping or hanging from the ear. 

•ai^dnuB, Ci'-dnim, n., the <umm or middle cavity 
^the ear. 

•aiHaaik, b'-mflik, n., a mark on a sheep's ear, 

•ar-akol, Ci'-shot, m. hearing distance. 

•ar^mpel b'-tnimp-et, «., a /m^ to aid in ^af«v: 

•ar-wa^ Cr-waks, n. a woj^y substance secreted % 
the glands of the ear into the outer passage. 

•arwlg; b'wig, n. a common instct with forceps at 
its tail, inoonectly suiq>osed to cree p into the 
brain through the ear: one who gains the ear 
of another by stealth for a bad end. [Bar, and 
A.S. wicga. a worm.] 

eai ■lliiaai^ gr-wit-nes, m., a tnt/wMir that can testify 
from his own hearing; one who hears a thing. 

Bar, Cr, m. a q>ike, as of com.— «.il to put forth 
ears, as com :— >r.>. eai'ing ; pa.p. eared'. 
[A.S. Mr, Ger. &kre.'\ 

Bar, Cr, v.t. (obs.) to piou^ or tilL [A.S. erian; 
L. aro; Qt. aro9 r oot ttr, to plough.] 

MriBf; €i1ng, n. (obs.) ploughing. 

Barl, hx\, «. lit a chief: a count; an^ English 
nobleman nmking between a marquis and a 
viscount. [A.S. eori. Ice. iarl, a cmef, count, 

•arldon, ^Kdnm, m., ike dominion or dignity ^an 
earl, [Bart, and A.S. dom, power.] 

Barty, b% adj,, h^ore^ in time : in good season ; 
at or near the bqrimung of the 6xf.—<uhf. soon. 
[A.S. ar iice a r, before.] 

Ban, ten, v.t., to gain ly labour; to acouire ; to 
deserve:— ^>. earning; /a./, earned'. [A.S. 
ASfWMM, to earn ; Dutch, emen, to reap, mme, 
harvest-— root ar, to nlough.] 

•andap, fa'nings, «./#., wkat one hat earned; 
money saved. 

Banasi, ^nest, ad/., shewing strong desire; de- 
termined; eager to obtain; intent; sincere.— 
M. seriousness ; reality. — adv. aai-^aasUy.— m. 
•ai^aastDaas. rA.S. eomest, serious ; Dutch, 
emtton^ to endeavour; Ger. emst, ardour, seal, 
/mv, willingly.] 

Barassl, fa'nest, n, money given In token of a bar* 

fixjt, Vkt ; m^ h£r ; mltadi mOte ; mOte ; mOOo ; Men. 



gala mada; a pledge; fixst-findtt. [Old Fr. 

fnut; L. arrka; Soot. «W(W.] 
Birtkp ath, M. lit tk4 ^louHud Umd : the matter 

on the surfitce of the i^obe ; soil: dry land, as 

opposed to tea : the worid ; the people of this 

wotUL [A.S. icrih; Ger. tvdi; Gr. if. Sans. 

i rm root or, to i^ov^h.] 
•irth, «rth, v.<. to hide or cause to hide Id Mr 

mrM; to bory.'-v.i to burrow ^-:^^. earth'- 

ing: /a/, earthed'. 
etit&bflMi, teth'-bawriL «4f., hom^fir^m tkg tartk, 
eerU WH> fath'-bonnd, iu(/., inmd or held h <*» 

eMtlM% ArthX «f •> Mox^ <^<'''^ or day I earthlj ; 

(faiL~-«. etfllrsawM^ cnekeryt 
•arlb^ax, ArlV-flakl^ «. asbestos. 

Mrthly, ^rthOi, «i^., khttg^ (0 tk§ tmiks vile; 

worldly.-Ht. esrla'BMSa 
•arttly ■msl, «rthai4nlBd^ «C^. hating the 

mmd intent on earthly tku^n* 
Mrth-Ba% Arth'nut, n, the popular name of oertain 

tuberous roots i^wlag undeiground. 
sartkqeaki^ Arthlnrik, »., a tmakmf or shaking 

efthe mrtk; a heaving ofthe ground, 
earthward, tethfward, mdtf^t Uwmrd Mr earik, 
•arthriPM^ Afth'wurlc Mk» thf m me v tng ^ftmrik in 

making railways, «c i a tertifioation of earth, 
•erth-wom, 4rth-wurm, iv., 1h» a mtmm worm; a 

f^^n i niggardly person* 
earthy, «rth% a^.. cannstini of. relating to, or 

resembling omrtA; inhabiting toe earths gross; 

^ ^ tir^«i i^ , if^ esitt^WMii 

■sBs^ IB^ «., MiAr ^ftMs freedom from oain or 
dntBrbanoet rsst frem worici oulet; ueedom 
from dificulty i natUfataies^^A.9. mtik, gentle, 
Md, pcosoerity i Tr, mim; L* timm» \ 

sastk 9L pj., t§ gim mm U; to free from pain, 
tnmble, or aaslety ; to nliew ; to oalm i*yr.>. 
eai^Ing ; /«.>. eased'* 

essMMBt, Cs'ment, m., ikmi ml Uch gim* Hue; 
rdiefj assisianoet support. 

seep, let, m^., mitmttt nree from pdn; tranquil; 
uneenstnuned t giving ease {not difficult: yield- 
ing : not straiteacd.-^»/v. eas'tly.— «. esslasss. 

SsstI, Csl, m. the frame on which painters sunrart 
their ptotures irtiile painting. [Ger. mtA an ass.] 

BisI, Sst, IS. that part of the heaTOM where the 
mmJSrtt thmti or rises; one of the four car- 
dinal points ofthe compass ; the oountries to the 
east sf Europe*— m£^. towards the rising oi the 
[Oer, $ttt Mti -- ' » 

te Gr. Mr, the dawn; 
Sans, iuhsu, the dawn — mxA, to bum.] 

sastMlkiik •st'irJing, «. a native of a country lying 
to the tost of us» esp* a trader from the shores 
ofthe Baltic, 

easliily, bt'Ar-ll, a4^» cHfdMg/hmtkeeaiHiMtfii; 
looUng toward the east*--Mlp., 4M tMi east; 
towara the east 

•asMn, ftiftai, aJf,, cemtieted *Aik 'tk» East; 
dwelling In the East t towards the East 

•islwaid, MTward, adp., tawant the eati. 

listg, Ci^tAr, n, a (jfhristian festival eommemorat- 
ing the resurrection of Christ, hdd on the Sun- 
day aAer Good Friday in ApnL [A.S. Easter, 
from Bastrt, a goddess In honour of whom a 
festival was celebrated In ApriL] 

Bssyk See under lassi 

Bel, it, 9./. to chew and swallow; to consume : to 
corrode.— v.^ to take food; to taste; to cor- 
rode :-^>. easing; /a./, eat (et) or ftte.; /<>. 


eat (et) or eaten (ffn.>-«i. safer. CA.S. ettan. 

Ger. esten, L. §th, esse, Gr. edd, Sans. ad. to eat] 
eataUe, Ct'a-b^ atb., tkat can be eaten; fit to be 

eaten.^-«k anytmng used as food. 
Eavs^ Cvs, ».//., the edge ^ the fwe^ projecting 

over the walL [Sax. iijfeee, the edge.] 
s a vis ii eiL Cvi'drop, n. the water which falls in 

drops trom the eaves of a to stand 

under Ae eaves or near the windows of a house 

to listen. — n, eavei^-drepper, one who thus listens ; 

one who tries to overhear private conversation. 
Sbb^ eb, n.t the roimg hack or retiring of the tide ; 

a decline or decay.— v.^ to flow bade : to sink ; 

to decay s-/r^. ebbing; /is./, ebbed'. [A.S. 

aha, Ger. ebhe, aldn to L. M from.] 
ebbUds^ eV-tXd, «. tke ebbing ot retiring tide. 
Bhony, eVon-l, n, a Idnd of wood almost as heavy 

and kard as stone, usually bladt, admittlne of 

a fine poUsh. [L. ehenms. Or. ebenm, from Heb. 

kobfUm, pi. of MnL obnl-eben. a stone. 1^ 
ebon, el/on, a4f„ made ^ ebony, Hack as ebony. 
BMely, f-brfe-tl, m., drtmkennest, [L» ehrUtas, 

from ebrisu, drunk.] 
ihullieat, g-bul^yent, adj,^ botUngu^ or over. [L. 

AedUens^ -entis—^t up^ <^ buihOf to boil.] 
ehalHtlea, etxiUUsh'un, m,, act ^boiling ;ei^XaJiiOD. l 

a display of feeling ; an outbreak. ' 
■aarld, e-lar't% «. a game at cards played by two^ 

one of whom may discard or exchange his cards 

for others. [Fr.— #,out<»r/Sr,acard. SeeOerd.] 
I sssa tri e, ek-een'trik, Isewtrtsal, ek-een'trik-al, 

ad^tt departing >mM ike centres not having 

the same eentre as another, said of drdes : out 

of the usual course; not conforming to common 

rules ; odd.— «ftftr. seesatrieaUy. [C ex, out o^ 

and centrmm, the centre.] 
isssatrie, dc-sen'trik, m. a drde not having; the 

same centre as another ; in meek,, a wheelbair- 

ing its axis out ofthe centre. 
esesatrtoUy. dc-een-trislt-i, My the di stance of the 

centre of a planet's othii/rom the centre of the 

sun : singularity oi conduct ; oddness. 

IsfflsilsstK ek-kli-a*as'tik, Isslsalaslloa], dc-kli-zi- 
as'tik-al, euff; belonging to the church,— 0$, sscle- 

haled, to calL] 

iselsdasis^ ek-kl6-sl<«ftet, m. lit npnacktr; one 
of the books of the Old Testament [Or.] 

BMlsdssttce^ dt-kl6-d-a^tik-us. ». lit « prtacker ; 
a book of me Apocrypha. [L.] 

eeelsslekty, ek-kl^d-ol'o'Ji, n., tke aeience of build- 
ing and decorating chnrthet, [Or. t k klM a, a 
ohurdi, l^nr, a discourse.] 

lohe, ekTS, n,-^ lehoai^ ek'Os, the repetltloa o/a 
sound from some otject— v.^ to reflect sound ; 
to be sounded bade; to resound.— <v./. to send 
badt the sound of; to repeat a tiling said :— ^ 
fr.*, ech'Obg; fa^, edi'Oed. [L. echo; Gr. 
HM, a soumQ 

Iiililf rtitteiit < It nir*ilt mfinir. n,, tke act efckat^ 
ing up anytmng; exnlanaCbon. [Fr* eeiaini r, 
pr.p. eclaircisstm^'-ciair, L. clarm, dear.] 

lelal e-kllV IV. lit a breaking, a bursting fyrtk ; a 
strildng effect; implause; splendour, [ft. Mat, 
froinold Fr. esaater, to break, to shine; Gr. 
kla9, Ger. sckletssen, to break.] 

lils sti s, ek-lek'tik, a^,, electing or ckoosisig out : 
piddng out — is. one who selects opinions from 

r**-** ••• v**i •*• ••»».» e^w^* piCKHig put. m , one w. 

OtSbOrt nl^hAri ralMt mOtei mOte; mOOn; iiAen. 

3S£J ^wKi "J^ "S^S^S -4.. 

[L. MM tm-t , ou, ud dkf, itt-ADK, to St,.\ 

■< H«« U«^ edlilkl'ihiu, ■., aetmftJiAmf In- 
iHfc MH, «. > Roman Dagiunig who hul dw 

olcnd Iha pablkuioii if; 

•upsioHna ua pnUKmoD of; to iRraia lia 
tdt, tdihim-t, oat. indS, torfrtl 

I E book niinted u ■ liiiH. 

.Ac. S« under ■>„„ 
fti^ ^M^,vJ.,tHim4 or dm nU; to txottti 
[L. idmet, wiu rt nn f, ud ^u, co IckI.) 
•telUit t-dOitlbl, a^., tiMt mar tt limad or 

bfouElii cut ud ikewn. 
•AM, #dukt, IL, iLW vMtk ii tdmcti. 
•taMa, I-duk'^nui, •>., Ot atl tftJiKinr. 
UrtK, eduk'lac, ■.,,(> or iMM aUeiiAui. 
lM>^ ed'D-kii, B.(., to idmi sr *r- 
Eftenlalpovctlof.umcfaUd! totnbk: 
altrnla uy power .-^.jf. ed'IU*! 

hMdlf^ od^kA'ihun, n-t tJu tr v ^im£ ttf « 
mfaunf.oiofachild; initiucdoq; itrnvtbeiiiDf 
of the powai of body or irinrf *tj ttm^- 


to I_ imfmila, dim. oTsnuWr, . nil 


I*, v.'., * dtttny Uijma or nif^hM 

JAM, ef-Jekf, ■., ■ t&r diu', the kmIi efim 
■Bion : lonRBUBproducod : Ini'ectHa : naUtvi 

" »ce lMeBd.d.-^rr>od. : i«niv. 

•facai lo ucDimiUA >-*r^ Aral- 

>; out, taijkc&^U SSa naU.l 


•flMtlbto, ef-fdc'tibl, €ulj., ikmi may be ^ffteted, 
•fftetlaa, ef-fek'shuii, «(., a <£»»«/'; creation : in 

g€0m,, Ute construction of a proportion. 
•ONttva, ef-fek'tiv, atU'% kmvtng power to effect; 

causing something : powerful ; senriceable.— o/v. 

•flM^llnlj.— «. sflM^ttvima. 
•OMtaal. ef-fek'tOnd, adj., prodming am. effect; 

successful in producing tne desired result.— ot/v. 

fSeotaats, ef^fdc'td-it^tr. /. , to hrwg into effect; to ac- 
complish :— 1^./. enec^tOIting ; /a./, effec'taated. 
•Amot, effi-lca-a, ». power to prodiUe effects; 

▼irtue; enei 

'shi-us, adj. , kavinreffieacv ; able 

to produce the result intended. — adv. •flea'elowSy. 

— «f. eflea'eleMMSB. [L. efficax-^fficio.^ 
•flai«Bl» ef-fish'ent, adj.^ effecting; causine effects : 

capable ; effective. — m. the penon or thing that 

eflects. [L. ejiciem, -eMtis, pr.p. ci fjfficio.}--adv, 

rt i ei saes, ef-fish'ens, dMenay, ef-fish'n-n, «., qmalify 

of hetng efficient or causing effects ; power to 

produce the effect intended. 
Mwntwats^ ef-fem'in-it, euLi.^ woma m i t k ; unmanly : 

weakf tender; cowutuy: voluptuous. — v.t. to 

make womanish; to unman: to weaken. — v.i. 

to become effeminate :— /r.>. effemlnlting ija./. 

tff&aTuMiod.—adv. efluslBatolj.— m. tOMilBal*- 

BMS. [L. effemisuUiUt pxp^ of effemino, to 

make womanish— #, sig. dumge, ^xA/emina, a 

eflmlwaoy, ef>fem'in-a-si, m. the possesion of a 

womanith softness or weakness ; indulgence in 

unmanly pleasures. 
Sitadl, ef-fen'di, «>., a matter; a Turkish title of 

distinction. (Turk. ; modem Gr. apkente e Gr. 

autkenteSf an absolute master.] 
BfltrvtMS^ ef-ftr-ves', 9.£, ^ Am? «e^ ; to bubble and 

hiss; to froth np:-:^.>. effervescing; >«./. 

effervesced'.— A(f. tflnrtielbto. [L. efferoesco— 

^ inten., andyi^mm, to boiLI See rsrvtaft. 
eflwwooft, ef-te-ves'ent, adj., boiling or bubbling 

from the disengagement of gas. — n, eflurMu'sBee. 

BisH ef-f^t', o^'. lit. weakened by bringing^ forth 
young; barren: exhausted; worn out with age. 
[L. ^etut—ift oattfrtnt, a bringing forth young.] 

9k. See under ISmI. 

„; efl-ii, n., a likeness or figure of a person ; 
the head or iinpression on a cmn ; reseoiblance. 
[L. effigies— effingf—tft inten.,yC^t^, to form.] 

et-ij'i-al, «<y., pertedmng to or exhibiting 
an effigy, 

flliinssi. ef-flo-re^, v.i.^ to blossom forth ; to flour- 
ish: in ckem., to become cove re d with a white 
dust; to form minute crti^al%:r—pr.p. effloresce 
ing ; >!».>. effloresced'. [L.-^ {m^Jtorwsco, 
tow^pn to blossom-:/K9fv»^-/w^ a flower.] 

•flemsesB^ ef-Aonne^ent, adj, (onmng a white dust 
on the surfiice; shooting into white threads. 
[L. effUre s c enS t -entis, pr.p. <^effior9SCO.] 

90armcnm,t('(Lo'Tti^eta,n.tproductiom of flowers; 
the time of flowering : a redness of the skin : the 
formation of a white powder on the surface of 
bodies, Qx of mimite crystals. 

Bflasnlk eflCO-enty adj.^flovoing o ut , n. a stream 

that floms out of another stream or lake. [L. 

effiuenSt-eHtittpt,^.Qi^uo—ef,<inxtfJtuOt to flow.] 
sflMBOs, ef lOD-ens, n., a flowing out ; that whidi 

flows'fttmi any body; issue, 
t aa f l i m , ef«flO0rvi-um. u., that which flows out; 

minute particles exhaled from bodies; disagree 


able vapours riang from decaying matter.—:^ 
•Swla, ef-flOl/vi-a.— «<^'. efla'vlaL IL.^effluo.) 

" ch 

cTfluks, «(., act of flowing out; that whii 
flows out. [L. efftuOt effluxttmJ] 

^ ef 'Ort, H., a putting forth qf strength ; 
ertion; attempt; struggle. [L. {^ out, forth, 
and.^r^, strong.] 

B&rwUiy, ef-frunt'£r-I, h. lit a pushing out of ^ 
front or forehead; shamelessness ; impudence. 
[L. effrotUf iffrontis—ef forth, scoAfrotUtfrot^ 
tis, the forehead.] See Fkeal 

Xflk]gMt» ef-fulOent, ad/., shining forth ; extremely 
bright; splendid. [L. effu^ns. -entis—tf, out, 
vaAflilpo. to shine.] ei d v, ^SteXpaXtf. 

stkdfwos, ef-ful3e>^ **•> '**^ 4/ being effulgent ; 
great lustre or brightness ; a flood of light. 

Xfkus^ ei-OSaf, v.t., to pour out; to pour forth, as 
• words; to shed :—^./. effiQs1ng;yia.>. efHtsed'. 

[I*, effundo. effusus—^, out, and.^iMUf9, to pour.] 
dtaalaa. ef-f&shun, m., act ^pourittg out; that 

whidi b poured out or forth. 
eSOilvvef-lu ciVf adj., pouring forth abundantfy. 

' a<tv. aflvrfvslj.— M. •fla'atvuMSi^ 

Bfl^ eft, «. a lizard : the newt [A.S. efete, proh. 
aldn to Gr. ophis, a serpent. Sans, apada, a 
reptile-^«, neg.,-and A^f, a foot] 
-- cff* ^ 9U1 oval body laid bv birds and certain 
other animals, from which tneir younf is pro- 
duced ; anythug shaped like an egg. [A.S. aeg, 
Ger. ei, L. ovum, Gr. don.'i 

BflaatlBS, e^lan-tTn, n. a name |{iven to the sweet* 
brier, and some other species of rose, whose 
branches are covered with sharp prickles. [Fr. 
eglantine^ glantier, for euglantie r e aiguilU^ 
a needle, as if L. aculenttts, prickly, from acus, 
a needle—root ac, sharp.] 

Vgoism, €'go>{sm, or eg\ n. an excessive love o(onds 
self; the docdine or the Egoists. [L. ego, I.] 

Sgolstk Cgo-istfOr eg', «.one of a class of phiuMophers 
who doubt everything but their own existence. 

•fOtliB, C'got-izm, or eg', n., a freque nt use oftho 
Pr o n oun I; q>eaking much of on^s self; self- 

•golM» C'got-ii^ or eg', m.* one full ^erotism, 

ege Ustle, C-got-istlk, sgetlstfoal, C-got-ist^Uc-al, or eg-, 
a4f. , shewing egotism ; self>important ; conceited, 
— adv. sgetii t lwJIy. 

•gotlas, Cgot-Tx, or q^, v.i., to talk much of onds 
selfi—pr.p. e'gotlsmg ; Pa.p. Cgotlsed. 

e-gr€3^us, adj., from or out of the flock ; 
prominent ; enormous.— o/v. •p^^^ooSly. 

[L. /, out of, grex, gregis, a flock.] 

Cgres, »., ar/^/miM'MK/; departure: the 
power M* right to depart \!L.egredior,egrestu»^' 
e, out, forth, KDA.grudior, to ga] 

lUpMaa, C-jip^shi-an, adj., belonging to Egypt.— n, 
a native of Egypt ; a gipsy. [L. jB g y ptiuo 
jBgyptns, Egypt, Gr. Aigyptos^ 

Sh, i, int. expressing inquiry or slight surprise. 

BUtr, rd«r, Bidtr-daek, fdir-duk, «. a kind of sea- 
duck, found chiefly in nortnem regions, and 
sought after for its fine down. (Sw. efder, Ger. 
eider, prob. from old Ger. eiten, to shine.] 

«ldsr-dowB,f dto-down, «., thedownqftheeidir-dnck, 

Sldograplk, f do-graf, «. an instruments^ ^Py*f*£ 
drawings. [Gr. #M<M,form,and^TU(^A^,towriter] 

BikA, It, adj\ twice four.— m. the figure denoting 8. 
rA.S. eahta, Scot, auchi, Ger. acht, GaeL ocht^ 
L. octo, Gr. okti. Sans, ashtan.l 

tbXa, flUr; ml, hte; mina ; mOCe ; mflte ; mOOn; thou 

in erdu iltec Ibc icroilh. 

»n(lo: to piuh wuAt\j i—fr.t. •ITjowinBi 
1. il bowed. [A.S. */JBfH-.i,= L. n/m. 
■nn, ^^v, ■ DDw or bcno, Au^an, to bend.) 

vld'^, A^% aUtr; hflviag livvd m longer 

•Mvddp, Eld'tMbip, a 

fi^tid: bordenoe on 
•ii^Mai,'M(/.'tUtit. [A.S. £UkK, •upaL af 

T, K. lit. iM( IfUw A 

_, . b, bearinE ludid purplfl bcrnc*. 
[A.S. rJ^»i>; Cer. UTiaidtT, keUtr-UMl, 
doUdw, uhI j^ 4 trte.] 

tl ^DCtt'tid; te H^f far ( 

■t e-llt'. adj., tlraaUd or ^fn^ ■> ; pufled up 

. ., -, d,iuid*™, - -_., 

■, i-te'ihuD, II.. a railmenf; pnde re 

F, elHia, K. the JoiDI when Oi arm A 
lull; «iiT thup turn Dr bead. — ■-/. U 

•iHl, in MivJL, thue choun br (M 'or Bin) 
-'— "-^ e-lek'thoo, ■., tit act ifiUeiatgai ci 

.-i .vi:_-i.^! r fotoaicfl: ( 

Uu tltclitm of m cinJidtla :— y 

•iNMn, frWuTii,.^.,, , „ 

a *n*T*'"i ih« powcf of eluie*. — adv. <dirt> 
•iHMr, CUo'gr. >•., ffu •dI* >^<i; om who 

*«k«it eJakfoM], fij.,ttnabtlng la tUcUiiu 

JijiaV ar«-(Bn^ •■(/. liL ctsirf, wiVcf ; pleuini 
to good tana; fncefid^Dckt: nfiued; Dire;di^ 
crimutiu beauty: riddy onuBienTa]-— Wer. 
afi^aUT, I Ftp— £k tittoju, -axtir—rligo. 1 

•lifaa*^ cTAJiaa^ ^naiT. erHiaii». ••. , titilati 
ot nvaStj ^ inJ^ tiffait/ ; the beauly of pro- 
piiBCy; uatDoaa; nfiiMiiKacr thai whicb it 
deiHt. [Vt., tna L, rUim nl im r lrgmu.} 

•llilM^ enjU)!, ii41, 6U( wu' fr //ncMor clM»r ; 
bi to ba choaok; lefally qualifiBd: mithy of 
- ' :; ndtahls: dcAiaClt— oAt intOty- 

., /. «t4.]i.hikli, .1, ... .. _ __ ,-. 

jShtta tail tUtUJ a: cltivm: Iheilale ofbeiDg 

Htt, t-JM', ■., ■ ciMni or tktcl put; Iht beat 

piirl of aDytbiof . [Fr, — L. titctut-l 
iHOl^ e-lek'trilc, Bu hl aai, I-kVciili-iiI. 114'., 

Aspuy l*t tr^frtj if umitr, namely, that of 

nibbed ; pertaimni to or produced by ekdridty. 

fUa, Or; iBC,htii alH] i 


oommnnkateeleobridtrto: to tscit* toddealy : 

to astonish :-^.A il«/trUyiiig;/V> <1^^ 
— «^. sWtHtoMt. w, ilsslrtlsa^M (L. tUc- 

trum, Kod/uU, to mak«.] 

•iMlroaMlv, 6-lek-trom'e-tte, ». an Instrument for 
MUMUwrrv ^ quantity of tUciricify, [Qr. 
9kktrmt and iwr^fw*, a measure.] 

•iMlNpUH 6-lek'trO-plIt, v./.. U ^Uis or cover 
with a coatins of metal ib' •UctrHcUy, 

eto o t wMl H^ g-ld?trtMI|p, o. the art of copjbgan^en- 
graYing or itl^ oi^ ^ °^<6^ 'I'^P^^ ^ ^^C^^^* 

Tliitwsij. •4d^tfl-«r>v n, a compositioa of medicinal 
powders with hooey or sugar, ftc so named 
frnf qry siade p^^*"*** to be UAid u^ or takes 
with ease. Dow L. eltciuarium, Gr. gkkikUn 
-Miichi, to Uck up.] 

Bssmsmair* el4-mo^-nar4, m4f., reUii$igt0 
thmrUf or almsgiring ; given in chazi^. [Or. 
tlOmisytti, c o m pss sion a tenes s 4 Um, ptty.] 

iamanm> Hai^t, ftc See under Hm*. 

Itepy, eF^ji, n,, m 90ti£^m$eurtUmf, a lament: a 
nmeral-soog. [L. Mr/M— Gr. tUgot, a lament — 

• I 4t iStfVM, to cry woe I woe II 

sltglas^ f-irji^k, or el-C-jfak, mdj., Uhngittf U 
•Ugyi mouinnil: eimressing sorrow: used in 
elesias.-«i. dscmc Torae.-^: shglsssl, eU- 
jfak-al. (L. Wlr/Mow.] 

sl^ii, ^^jist, »., « wriUr oftU^n, 

lliiiMt^ ^€4ient, »., •/irtiJrimdMg; cue of the 
essmnsl parts of anything; an mgiedient; the 
proper state or nhere of any thing or being.-<:^ 
the rudiments of anjrthing : in cMtm,, the sinq4e 
bodies that have not beoi decomposed ; among 
the andents, fire, air, ear^ and water, stK>> 
posed to be the constituents of all things: the 
oread and vrine used at the Communion. [I* 
tltmtnimm, pL eltmtMim, first principles.] 

slf tal, d-^meat'a]} mdJ.^JterUtmmg U e Um u ntt , 
or first principles ; oelonguig to or produced by 
dements or toe elements. — udp, slansnt^slly. 

• to m^ t a r y, el-A^ncnt^ar-L «4^( if^ nnglt HtmnU; 
primary ; uncompoonoed : pertaining to the el^ 
ments: treating of elrments or firrt principlca. 

flspfcaatt d'e-fimt, n* the largest ouadruped, having 

a very thidc sMn. a trun^ ana two ivory tusks. 

[A.S. •U^ L. elMmhu, Or. •Uphmi, Sans. ihhm. 

elephant ; Heb. mUpk Hmdi, Indian buU.] 
eitphaaMas^ el-e-fim'tin, a4j., ftrtmimmg U ikg 

tUphantl like an el^)hant ; very large. 

HsvaH ePS-vftt, v./., U rtUu to a hu{her podtion ; 
to promote : to raise in mind and feeUngs ; to 
improve : ta cheer ^—fr.p. eTCvSting : >«>. el'C- 
vited. [L. #Zft», eUv»H t m t , up, /rwg, to raise.] 

•levatlon, el-C-vi'shun, n.. tJkt aei ^ elivaim£ or 
raising, or the state of being railed ; ewilranon : 
that wfiidi is raised ; an elevatedplaoe or station : 
a rising-ground ; hdsht : in mrcA., a geometrical 
viewof tneddeofaooilding: in/ww., the angle 
made by the line of direction of a gun with ue 
plane of die horlaon. 

elsvator, eFft^vl-tor, »., ikg Mrwn or thing iJUi 
tUvain or lifts i^ ; a machine for raising gndo 
to a higher floor a a mill; a muscle that raises 
any part of the body. 

elevaliry, ef^-vi^tor^, «4r.. «Mr or tendbg Urmitt, 

BevM, e-lev^n, m^f. lit. m# |£^, that is, after count- 
ing ten ; ten and one. — «. the number xt. (A.S. 
»ndU^9H^ tndt^fm o n , one, and root of Leave.] 

*■■«•*» Memth, tM. the next after the tenth. 
[A.S. endltfU^ 9mdkifU,\ 


"ilJ^.*- •.'»^ ■!*** '^'^^^^y Sieved to baant 
yj»«»« and wiU |Cces ; a dwarC-^ INM, elv*. 

elflita,'ein8h, elvan, dv'an, 4M^., •IfUhti di^utsed. 
BktL e4is^L v.^., U •niktmdraiwma; to bring to 

hsfat; to deduce:-^./. iliclting:>«>. OicTited. 

[L. t1ici0, t lieiinm #, out, lactic to entice.] 


-^>. Aiding ;>«.>.«ld'ed. \JL. elitU^tUimm 

-w, ouL Anrf^, to stnke.] 
iBslfli^ e-lishW, ak. iJkg cmiHf^ ^w s u ppre ssi on 

of n vowd or syllable. 
Blinaily, ngMe. SeeonderBssl. 
BtidnaH e4im1n4U, v.i., Ut U turn md ffdoora, 

to thrust out: to leave out of condderation:— 

>r.>. fUm^iniring ;>«.>. Clim'inlted. [L. tlmuna, 

0li i m i$$ ah ttt to turn out of doors— #, out, and 

/Smmml iummit, a threshold.] 
illmtnatliiin, C-lim-i-oI'shun, m,. M# att^ixUUistg 

or throwing off; the act of disduxging by tho 

penes; separation. 
XUsloi. See under Bide. 
Btla. See onder Baol. 
atalr, <4ik^«r, »., tk§ ^i U9»^kif^tHmi: a liquor 

once lup poeed to have die power of prolonging 

life : the quintessence of anything : a substance 

wfaidi invigorates: in imm£, a ooo^ound tincture. 

[F^., Sp., Port.— Ar. mi-4kgir, philoeophet's steoe.] 
■habsyiaa. e-lis^betVan, or €-li^, M0r., ^erUt^ 

img t0 QittfM Eiiaabeth or her time. 
Wk,fSk,n.Vi!LiJ^b0U,sirutt^wc&aali thelazgest 

n>edes of deer, found In N. of Europe and in N. 

America. [A.S. tkk, Sw. #V, L. mlcet. Or. 

aiU aai, strength.] 

ID, d, IS. a measure of length oilg. taken from iAi 
ttrm: a doth measure eoud to xl yds. CA.S. 
Wk, Soot «6m. Ft. ««£w/I«. mbt^ Or. 9ltm9, tho 
dhow, the arm.] 

flHpsH d-Iip'sis, n,, m d^ScUti^: b grmm^ a 
figure of syntax by whlu a worn or words are 
left out and implied.-^ Illivsss,d-lip'sex. [L. 
—Gr. «/&i^nr-«», in, and Ar^, to be deficient.] 

elBpss, el-lips', n, an oval ; in/MMC, a figure |»o- 
duoed by the section of a cone bor a plane passing 
obliquely through the opposite ddes. [Qr.tlUif' 
sis, a defect, so called oecause its plane forms 
vnth the base of the cone a Uu angle Uun that 
of the parabola.] 

entplle, eU^y^ emplleaL d-fipTtik-aL adf.,^tt1a^ 
ingU OH ttUpmi w^\ pttiaiming to Mipnt; 
having a port understood.— «^. sWtlesny. 

ItafL dm, IS. a forest tree prised for its timber. [A. S. 
Mm. Oer. «Awr, L. uumu,\ 

elaiy, dmi, a<^., abcmuUtig with ehmi» 

BeeeUen, d-O-kO'shun, n., tkt act ofs^skbig^ta; 
distinct utterance ; fluency ; stj^ or manner of 
niealdng. iFr.—h.fifcuha—^Upfor » , out, and 
lo^ttffr,lccithu, to speak.] 

elesuttoaaiy, d-Mcfl'shunHU^ a4/,, ^trlmMttg U 

eiee«tioalsl» d-OJc&'dum-ist| ffi.,'#Mr vemdin tioem- 
tioH ; a teadier of docotion. 

sloqaaBt, d'S-kwent, mdj. having tfie power ^tsftmk^ 
^ with fluency, elqpuice, and power ; contain- 
ing eloquence ;penuadve. — mIp. sfeoaMUy. [L. 

sqasnee, eFO-kwens, n., ike miUrmne* of strong 
emotioa in correct, appropriate, expressive, and 

tae next after the tenttu eleq a inss , erO-kwens, n,, 
%0.] emotioa in correct, apf 

Ote, Or; mfl^hAr; mftie; mOlt; mflte; nOOn; thvL 


fliMBt baguaitt: tbo art vUch pradnott fina 
■peaking ; peroiMW ip aac h . 

BoafMi^ ••loQf'cit, v.^., tf0 msit Uttgnri to •»• 
ttod:-^>. lloa'iAtiacsito./.CloBg'ItML [L. 

put I fUtoof bauiff kagtlwiMd; axUaiiont con- 
tiauatient liiifanfflt. 

Btopt^ e-toi/, v.Lt U Ua* or nM «mmy) to Mcape 
nri^pataly, aaid aap. m a vomaa with a lover : 
!I^>. iifl^bc t >•>. ilOpad'. [A.S. A^>ms 
tolMVbtonuL] SoaMap. 

alofwl^ i-lBp^aent, ». a aaerat dapartore, asp. 
of a woqian with a nan. 

BoMMMMu BaapMa* Soa UBoar Boodlts* 

Us*, ek, mdj,, §Uuri aomething besides.— a/v. 
othavwiaa} beaidoai axcapt that raentlooed. 
rA.S. €Us9, oth ar wi aa » / , othcri old Oar. tUi, 
L. hMm, Or. milMt anothar.] 

■Iwnhiit^ alaliwMr, mth,^ im mmtihtr ^tmmt in 
othif placai, 

BtaddaH e-lfrf-dlt, v./., U mmkt tmeid or clear; 
to throw light npoa ; to axpUin: to iUuttrata >-« 
>rj^. fta'akldiig I >»^ «te^dditad.-^.. alad- 
ia'&M, ali'diater. [M L. #/iMrM». tlmtdmius 
-^, inlaii.. and AtfJSr, dear.] SaahMM. 

eladdallvi^ iJtt'aiHUUtlT, alaa M a le i y , 6-]a'»di.tor4, 
A^'., i*M)lMir AmM or eUtir: explanatory. 

Bade, C-Uter, ».<. fit U^taafvc wm/rtm oonmi 
fiayi to aiwid br aieapebyatrataganii to baffle : 
-^^. iUldIng; >M- iUured. Cfr. HmUr, 
from tfiSwfo, tbuur—t, away from, Im^, to play.] 
••iQ'fhan, n,, mi «r §imSng; aaeapa by 

•twlva^ ^JQ'sT. aC^., fraetititig tbtttm; daoep- 

tive.— a<ftr. aiB'rtfelj. 
•hmy, «-la'sor-i, «^., ^SnP^i&V' ^ ^^"^ or cheat { 

oTasivo; deceuAil. 
BfaSiSvaa. Seetndarllt 
Wtntm, f-Uah'ynm, m. b Mrf/A. . tha abode of the 

blessed altar death; any daUghtAil place. [L. 

tlyHu$H, Or. liErMMk] . . 

ilydLM^ ••iiifa'yan, «4f*| ^trUbUHg U SfyHum: 

exceedingly delighntil., il0 «Mltf mmv^otZmm; 
to depnre of flesh; to waato.-*v.i to become 
lean : to waste away ^-/r.>. ftn l ' dg fin g % /*.>. 
eml'bilted. [U emmetp, tmmeia i mm #, inten- 
siye, iwMW, to naha l ea n mmr Ut, leanness.] 

•^nA^hi^^shon, »., M# tomdiHm tf 

, emfMBit, r.i, ##yli«M #«/ ar/kvm! to 

proceed from some scarce ; to arise :-^>. enr- 
anltbg; >■•>. emfanlted. n* «wmm#, tmana- 
turn f, out from, mmw, to flow.] 

. jMBSHsa. aoMMiI'shnn, n., M# «^ ^tmtmmtmgi 
that whidi issoes or proceeds from some source. 

eauaallf% em'anilt4T, tiii„ itimt^/ivm another. 

iMsailiistiL g-naa^sipplt, p,l, U »tijr9t,fivm ttr- 
vUtitb: to free from any reatnint or boodaga of 
any kmd:— /r^. anan'dplting ; /«>. iman- 
cipltad.-Ha. emafc^stoator. HL €, away ,from, 
jwjijiriViiwir- sale, tha copotniw of n sIito 
Musiittt. the hand, tafttf to take.] 

smiafllpeMon e-man-sl-prahun, n,, ifu aei ^tH- 
Hngfn$ von slavery or bondage of any kind ; 
the state of being set free. 

emaaelpaMealsl^ i-man-si-pt'shim-ist, «., «nr f«*a 
mdvi eatM Hit tm mm ei^t i m of slavea. 

iMaaindl4ftt, v.Jl, ## dli^HiMr e^ the 


propatties of « mmli, to castrate : to deprive of 
muuemUmt strength or vigour i to render effemi* 
nate :— /r.>. Cmas'callting ; ^a^, imaycQlited. 
— M, iOMsovlatiaa. Ji^oyth.tmoKubftmtucuiMtm 
--#, prir., and moKuhts, dim. of wuu, a male.] 

ITwIab «>bftK, 9 J, to make xn i9%i§ m h^ ot 
buadla ; to bind or codosa. [tt. 

into, Wilr. a bale.] SoaBalsw 

Bnbalm, om-bAm',, U anmni wUk Salmi to 
pressrve from decay by aromatic drun as a 
dead body; to parrame; to nraservo with care 
and afieraon i--3ffr>. embalming; >».>. em- 
balmadf.^-«. saibaliv«. [mm. m, and lata.] 

tehaak, eai-baagk', vJ., U meUn or defend with 
m immJk or dike. [#m, ia, aad Bank.] 

aBfcaakaua% em-bangk'ment, n.,lMtmct fft m ham k 
m£: a beak or mound. 

taikatto, em-bix'ffe, n., m tarHM£ of stopping; a 
prohibition of snips to leave pert: a stoppage of 
trade for a short time by authOTitv.— 9./. to lay 
an embaifo on \—^,p, embai'gOnig ; >i.>. em- 
bai'gOed. [8p.—«MA«yyw% to impedii, to restrain 
— Mw, intensive, AorMs, a bar.] 

em-birk',, U put m Jwanf m JhhiI or 
ship ; to engage in any aflair.— v.i togo<m board 

ship; to engage in abuaineast to enlist i-^^.>. 
embarking; >a.>. embarked'. [#««, in, and 

■harfealieB, saAaieaMfla, eav>blr4ct'shua, <•., act 
o/jmiting or of going 9m. homrd m VMStlt that 
which is embarked. 

Mbanasi^ em-bai'as, fl^/. lit. ##/«/« ior or diffi- 
culty m ik* wa¥ t/l to encumber: to involve in 
difficidty, esp. m mone^-matters ; to peiplex >- 

perplexity or oonnision : d ifficuln si in 

latayny, omHia^, m. tha charge or function fftm 
mmbtutador: the person or persons sent on an 
embassy. XSamU ambmKia, Sea Inbamadar.] 

Imlmt*^, em-batl, p./.. to anranga m trdtr of 
haitUi to ftunish with b a ttlemen ta.— p.i to be 
ranged in order of battle, [mm, in, aad BaMle.] 

Babaj, am^bi', v,i, to enclose in m i^: to land- 
lock:-^./, embaying ;>«^ embayed'. [MWiin, 
into, and Bay.] 

Bnbed, em-bedf. Same as Imbed. 

BBbsmsh, emrbeFlsh, v.i., io mmJh iMwtf^^with 



tmMUr, tmOiUisiont^'ttih to makOi M imu, 
beautiiuL] See Bean. 

■ibaillriMMBt, am-bdlsh-manl, «., act fftmMlUk^ 
Mvoradoniing: decoration; omaawnt. 

IMb»4am^ emOitebdls, nM. in R. Catholic and 
Sngli£ Chmdi. three Fut-dayt in tack ftiar' 
Ur» [a cootr. firom Oar. fuaUmitr, a quarter 
-"L. fuaimr Umjtrm, the four aeasoas.] 

fcbi, amf'btoa^ M./A, rtd-M mtkst; the smould* 
ariBf ranuiBs of a flra. fA.8. mrnjfrk, Scot; 
muwmt, Norse, timtgni^ M my f j m tU , fire.] 

ImTiisSli. em-be^ vX to steal; to appropriate 
what nas been Intrusted; to waste or dlssqiate : 
— ^>. embes^Ung; >a.>. cmbessled.— «. sm^ 
bSBlsr. Jobs. ArxMr, to (brink hard, to squanders* 
ace. to Wedgwood, fimn an imitation of tha 
sound made in greedy eating and drinUng.] 

fiUe,fir.; mf, hfe; mina; mOte; mOte; mOOn; /Aen. 



lent, em-besl-meBt, n,, act of tm U tMling 
or appropnadng what has been intrusted to one. 

Zabillw. SeelmMMw. 

iMhiMM, em-bU'm, v.i, to deck in Mum^coIouxs ; 
in k*r., to hloMon or adorn with figures, [om^ 
and blasoa.}— «. eabla'soamant, an emblazoning. 

wiMsmnry, ero-bll'cn-r^ n., iMe art ^ omMoMot^ 
ing or adorning ; devices on shields. 

BaMiM, eml>lem, n. lit. wmethi$tg insertod in a 
surface as ornament; a picture representing to 
the mind something dinerent from itself; a 
type or srmboL [Fr. omhlottu—Gt, omUima, 
inhid woric— mw, in, imiU, to lay» to cast] 

imlilMnitIn, em-blem^tlk, emhlwiislleal, em-blem- 
atHc-al, m4/,, ^ortamitig' to or containing 
omMems; representing.— aA;. smbl wa t lw a i y. 

rrf^M"^, em-bonsm, m., tko iiutrtiom of days, 
monthSf or years in an account of time to produce 
regulanty. [Gr. omScl um t a t mB aUd.] 

eaMlsmaJ, em-bol-iz'mal, smbeUiBdo, em-lx^Ii^mik, 
adj., murted; relating to intercauation. 

*■**»'*"— ^ em*blnm', v.t., to cover or enrich cm/4 
bUom, [tm^ in, and Btoom.] 

Zmbody, em-bodl, p./., to form into a hodyi \o 
make corporeal ; to make tangible. — v.u to unite 
in a body or mass. [#»», in, and Body.] 

ibedl— t, em-bodl-ment, »., act iff embodying ; 
state of being embodied. 

Zmbogalag, em-bOg^ng, n., the incttth of a liTer. 
[See DtembogMj 

Zmboldaa, em-bold'n, v./., to mako bold or coora- 
geous >-pr.p. embOld'ening ; >«.>. embOldf- 
ened. (/iw, to malce, and Bold.] . 

lihnMsM, ftc. See under ttsblem. 
r, em-bor'dte, v.t., to border, 
. vta:\itS^yxBBi,v.t.^to take into the boeomi 
to receive into the affections: to enclose or sur- 
round i—^^. embos'oming; /a./, embos'omed. 
[em, in, mto, and Bosoa.] 

labos^ em-bos', v.t., to form botse* or protuber- 
ances upon; to ornament with raised work: — 
/r.>. emoosslng \fa.p. embossed'. — m. embos^sr. 
\em, to malu, and Boss.] 

•BbosoMat, em-bos'ment, n,, m pro m i ne nc e like m 
bo**; raised woric 

ZmboMls, em-boti, v.t., to /$tt into bottles, [em, 
in, into, and BofMlt.] 

Bnbovelrars, em-bOO-shiSOr', «., tJke month tf a 
river, of a cannon, &c. ; the mouth-hole of a 
wind musical-instrument. [See DeboMtars.] 

Zabow, em-bo', v.t,, v.i,, to bow or arch, [etn, 
inten., and Bow.] 

l adw wsL em-bow'el, v.t to remove tJke bowel* or 
entraiu AvMV. [em, priv., and Bowel] ; to enclose 
in another substance, [em, in, into, and BowsL] 
— >r.>. embow'elling ; A*./* embow'elled.— m. 


r, em-bow'^, v,i,, to /lace in a bower; to 
shelter, as with trees >-^./. emboVering ; >«./. 
embow^ered. [090$, in, and Bowsr.] 

iBlnoe, em-brfts', v.t., to take in tke arm*; to 
press to the bosom wiui affection : to take eas;erly 
or willingly : to enclose or comprise ; to admit or 
receive.— v.£ to join in an embrace :— ^.>. em- 
brftc'in^ : /«./. embriced'. [FV. embru**er—^m, 
L. in, m, mto, and bra*, L. brackittm, an arm.] 

mAnm, em-bras', n., tke act ^ embracuig; fond 
pressure in the anns. 

toibnme, em-bri'shOr, n,, tke widening of tke 
aperture of a door or window, on the innde ; an 


opting ina wafl for cannon. pFV.- 

ebrater, to widen an opening.] 
BBBbroeUe, em'brO-klt, v.t, to moisten and rub, as 

& aore with a lotion v—pr.p. emOirBcftting ; pa,/. 

eml)rOclted. [low L*. embroco, embrocaium, firom 

Gr. embrocki = embregma, a lotio n em b twkS , 

to soak in— <iw, in. into, breckb, to wet.] 
smbcoeatlon. em-brO-kA'shun, n., act ^ embrocai" 

ingi the lotion used. 

ZBknldsr, em-brmd'te, v.tXa ornament with designs 
in needle-work, orig. on tke border:— pr.p. em- 
broid'ering ; pa.p. embroid'ered.— «. •mteeid'srir. 
[em, on, old £. brv ide r root of Becdar.] 

smbnldsiy* em-broid'ir-i, n.,tke aetor 9xt of em- 
broidering; omamenul needle-work: variega- 
tion or diversity ; artificial ornaments. 

iBtbmi, em-broiK, v.t., to involve in a broil, or in 
perplexity ; to entangle; to distract: to throw 
mto confusion >-:/r.>. embroiling; >a.>. em- 
broiled', [em, in, and Broil, a noisy quarrel.] 

smtooUmonl, em-lMroifment, n., a etate if embroil- 
ing, perplezity, or confusion ; disturbaioce. 

iBto^ em'bri-0, Zmtaroa, em'bri-co, n. the off- 
nmng while swelUttg orgrowingin the womb ; 
tne part of a seed which forms we future plant : 
the beginning of anything.-— a<(f' also omteyoale^ 
of or relating to anything in an imperfect state; 
rudimentary. [Gr. — em, in, bryb, to swell.] 

liiifdsilim, em-en-di'shun, n., a mending or re* 
moval of em. error or fault ; correction. [L« 
emendatio smend e, e mendat us—e, firom, men- 
dton, a fault.] 

smondstor, em'en-dl-tor, n., a corrector perron 
in writings ; one who corrects or improves. 

ouadatoty, e-men'da-tor4, euij,, mending or con- 
tributing to correction. 

Zmoald, em'dr-ald, n. a precious stone of a green 
sparkling colour ; a small printing type. [Fr. 
emerande, old Fr. emeranlde, It. smeraUo, 
from L. smaragdus; Gr. smarngdos, metragdos, 
prob. from marmamgi, a qwrkling.] 

Zmtflt, e-mftij, v.i., to rise out of sl fluid or otiier 
substance ; to issue or come forth ;• to reappear 
after being concealed; to come into view :-^.>w 
emerging ; pa.p. Emerged'. [L. emerge— e, out 
of, metgo, to plunge.] 

Murgoooe, 6-m^ens, e m wunoy, 6-m^en-d, a;, 
act ^emerging; sudden appearance: an un- 
expected occurrence ; pressing necessity. 

smtgit, 6-m^ent, adj., emerging; suddenly 
appearing; arising unexpectedly : urgent. — adv, 
wmK^gmSf. [L. emergen*, -enti*, pr.p. of emerge.} 

imsislim, S-m^shun, n., act^emergmg; in a*tr., 
the reappearance of a heavenly bodv after being 
edipwa oy another or by the sun's brightness. 

em'e-rods,, (in 27.) now Bimonfeolds. 

\ tXDltc\ n, a very hard mineral, used at 

^vm^txlospoluhing,%a&. [¥r. emeri,emeril. It, 
smeriHio, Ger. seJunergel {stein, a stone), aldn to 
sckm$ertn,to smeas; Gr. smiris—smab, to smear.] 

iBMtto, 6-metlk, adj'., cansing vomiting. — n. a 
medicine that causes vomiting. [Fr. emitiqne, 
firom Gr. emetikos e me i, to vtnnit.] 

fiaoi, Zbi«, e'mO, n, the Australian ostrich. 

ffmfiTfit'^. em-i-kft'shun, n., a sparkling\ a flying 
off in small particles, as from red-hot iron. [L. 
emicatiO'-e, out, aiMi mice, to sparkle.] 

lalcrale, eml^grit, v.i., to migtmte or remove from 
ODi^t native country to saotheti—Pr.p. eml- 

n., tke widening of tke InlfraU, eml-grftt, v.s., il0 
window, on the innde ; an one's native country t( 

flt^ff&r; mi^hte; mliae; mOCe; mOte; mOQo; Aien. 


patiBf ;>«.>. emigrated.— M. tanicra'tlaa. [L. 
emigr»t emigraitit—t, from, migro, to remove.] 
BBigtMt, em'i-grant, adj., tmigrating or having 
emigrated. — n, one who emigrates. [L. *migrantt 
•tmtis, pr.p. tAtmigro.'i 

mlBMt, eml-nent, adj, lit jMtth^out ; rising above 
others ; conspicuous : distingui^ed above others ; 
exalted in tank ; high in office.— iu/v. «m'iBMtly. 
[L. emintnSt -^ntia—t, out» mintp, to project.] 
■hwoe^ eml-oens, n. a psut tmitunt or rising 
above the rest ; a rising-ground ; a hill : height : 
a summit : distinction : a title of honour. 

8'mir, or em'ir, n. lit. a commmndtr; a Turkish 
title given e^ieciallv to descendants of Mahom- 
med. [Ar. amir; Heb. amor, to command.] 

BBtt» e-mitf, v.t., U send out; to throw or eive out ; 

to issue x—fr'p. emitting : Pa.p. Cmitt^. [L. 

emittOt tmistut—e, out of, mitio, to send.] 
wilwiy, emls-sar-i, m., ofu tent out on a secret 

mission ; a »y. [L. emitsari m e m itto.'] 
WBlisiwi, e-mishMm, m., M# act of tmiiting: that 

^Ndiich is issued at one time. 

. em'et, n. lit. iht indMstrUmt animal; the 

ant. (A.S. mmtte, ametia, Ger. amei so tms ig, 

diligent. Ice. amr, work.] 
F»rtnisti^ e-moFi-ftt, v.t, to so/ten; to render 

effeminate '.—Pr-P' CmoUlAting ;/a.>. CmoUlated. 

[L. omoUto. emoUUut—4t inten., and moUiOf to 

soften — tmollis, soft*] 
— leDtsiii^ C-moTyentj adj., tq/Uning; malung 

supple.— «. a medicme which relaxes and softens. 

{u, emoUiens, tmoUientis, pr.p. otomoiiio.'] 

BmotaflMott e-mol'd-ment, n, lit laiottr €ucem^ 
pliahed; advantage; sain; profit arising firom 
taiployment. [L. omomttuntum, for emolimen^ 
iu »H t mo liar, to work out— #, sig. completeness, 
and molioTt to exert one's self, to toil : usually 
given from L. mcla, meal, thus = the allowance 
of meal, as salary = the allowance of salt.] 

iBotfoa, e-mO'shun. n,,a moving of the feelings ; 

agitation of mind. [L. omotio t f noveo, omotus. 

to stir up, agitate — 0. forth, and mevto, to move. J 
f otiaaal, S-moshun-al, adJ.tPertavungtoem^tion^ 

Bnpals^ cm-pOT, v.t, to fence in with pale* or 
liakes: to shut in : to put to death by siutting 
on a stake >-pr.p. empftHng ; Pa.p. empUed'. — 
n, tmfkfmnA. [om, m, and Ptls^ a stake.] 

Same as TmpamtsL 

Same as fiBpaift. 

See under Si^pln. 

. em'fa-sis, n. stress of the voice on parti- 
cular words or syllables to mako the meaning 
clear; impressiveness of expression or weight of 
thought-V* •m'vihasis (-ses). [Gr.— #iw, in, into, 
and pkaino, to sImw, to make dear.] 

—lyhsslss^ em'£a-sTz, v.t., to make empkattei — 
pr.p. em'phasTsing ; pa.p, em^phaslsed. 

— I>latle, em-fat'ik, emphstifal, em-fatlk-al, mN., 
uttered with or requiring emphasis ; forcible; 
impressive.— -o^fv. emphalflteally. 

Imylrs^ emi'pir, m., sovereignty, dominion ; supreme 
control : the territory umder the dominion of an 
emperor. [Fr., L. tmp e rium — impero, to com- 

•npoor, em'p^-or, «i. lit « commander; <me 
ruling an enipire.-^/iyw. I 'fg — . [Fr. e mp e t 'o ur 
— L. imp e r ator, a commander— fiw/ryv.] 

Ita^iiie, cm-pii^, lavMcal, em-pii'ik-al, euif., 
resting on trial os esqperiment; known only oy 


experience. [L. empiricus, from Gr. empeinhot 
= empeir o* e m , in, and/riVw, a trial.] 

•mplrlo, em-pirlk, n., one who makes trials or 
experiments ; one whose knowledge is got from 
experience only ; a quack. — adv. •mplr'loaUy. 

eaplrlelsak, em-pu^-uzm, n., dependence of a physi- 
cian on his experience alone without a regular 
medical education ; the practice of medicine with- 
out a regular education ; quackery. 

Imploy, em-ploy', v.t, ong. to in/old or enclose ; to 
occupy the time or attention of: to use as a 
means or agent:— ^j/. employ'ing; Pa.p, em- 
ployed'.— «. a iKMtical form of smpleymeBl. [Fr. 
employer, L. impUcare, to infold— liw, in, and 
pUco, to fold.]— M. emplorar. 

•myloysi', em-pby'L "•* ^>** ^fho is employed, [Fr. 
employi, pa.p. m employer.} 

tmtkjtuaA, em-plo/ment, n,, act of employing i 
that whicn engages or occupies : occupation. 

iBpertaan, em-pO'xi-um, n., a Place of exiensivo 
trade or commerce. [L. — Cr. emporion^-em' 
Poros, a trader e m , en, in, MnAporos, a way — 
Perad, to pass through.] 

Impoww, em-poVdr, v.t., to give power to :~-pr.p, 
empowering ;pa.p. empowered, [em, andFowsr.] 

Brnprea. See under Si^plre. 

Bmpty,^ em'ti, ae(J* having nothing in it; im- 
fuimshed: without effect : unsatisfactory ; want- 
ing substance or existence. — v.t. to make empty ; 
to deprive of contents. — 9,i. to become empty ; 
to discharge its contents i—pr.p, em'ptying ;>■.>. 
em'ptied. [A.S. eemtig, empty, etmtusn, to empty 
— rnmta, leisure, rest] 

•■ipllBMi, em'ti-nes, n., state 0/ being empty ; want 
of substance; imsatisfartonness. 

ftVWK em-pitf'pl, v.t., to put into purple, to dye 
purple. \em, in, and Fofpls.] 

ImpyiMl, em-pir'e-al, etdj., formed ^ pure fire or 
light : pertaining to the highest and purest region 
of heftven. [Fr. em pyrSe Or. empyros, in fire 
— em, en, in, toApyr, fire.] 

e m pyrean, em-pT-rC'an, or em-pix', a^., e mp y r e a l. 
— «. the highest heaven, where the pure element 
of fire was supposed by the ancients to subsist. 

lB«. Sameaslnra. 

BnolaU^ em'O-llt, v.t,, to strive to equal or excel ; 
to imitate, wiUi a view to equal or excel; to 
rival v—pr.p. em'OUdn^ ; Pa.p. em'Ql&ted. [L. 
mm ul o n " am u lus . striving witlt]— «. em'alater. 

tinlatlfla, em-Q-ll'snun, n., act of emuUMng or 
attempting to equal or excel ; rivalry ; competi- 
tion ; contest : in B., sinful rivalry. 

•naJattvi^ em'O-lJUtiv^ eu^., incUneata em$Udtion, 
rivalry or competition. 

oralow, em'O-lus, a^*., eager to em$date; desirous 
of like excellence with another: engaged in 
competition or rivaliy.— «^. •M^douly. 

laralsloo, ^muKshun, n., a milk-like mixture pre- 
paxml by uniting oil and water bv means of 
another substance that combines with both. [Fr. 
— Lm emulgeOf emulsum, to milk out— #, out, and 
mulgeo, to milk.] 

emalstvt, S-mursiv, adj., milk-like; softening: 
yielding a milk-like substance. 

BnaUs^ en-ifbl, v.t., to make able; to give powerj 

strength, or authority to ^—pr.p. enft'bung ;>«.>. 

enftlued. {.en, to make, and AUa.] 
bselb en-aktf, v.t. to put m act or into actioo ; to 

perform; to act the part of : to establiih bylaw; 

to decree. [L. en, in, and JUl] 

ikte, fXr; iiii,liAr; mlDe; mOte; note; aoOOa; Men. 



«BMll?c es-ftktlT, »4j*» hcmngfpwtr U muut or 
estaUbh bj law. 

tBMtmtnt, cMkt'ineiit, «., />U ttuietimg or pudng 
of a bill into law : that which Is enacted ; a law. 

Iull«i«, efralVjS, «. b/nMK. tha imiwtkmf of 
Oft* cait, iDood, or tcoae for aaothar. (Gr.-^M, 
and mlUam, to piak* o th a r mi l M , aaothar.] 

laaaei, aiMun'al, m, a mbitanea like glaii, v^di 
is mtlUd and OMd for inlajring January, ftc. ; 
any smooth hard coating, cap. that of the taatht 
anything cnamelUd ■—»./. to coat with, or piint 
in enamel; to form a gloesy turiaoa upon, like 

enamel :'-^Ji. eaam'elliagt ./iM* 

n^. ««, in, ana old E. MWf A vt. imail, mmmil. 

Xjtxac kmilM t c Amtiam, to maIt.)-Hi. •■■■^tlkr. 
■amoar, eii^m^, v./.. 4r it^/Umu with Umt; to 
charm :-^rj^ enarn'oorlagt >«./. enaa/oured. 
[FV. «M, L. M, in, W. 4Mw«r, X. Mwr, love.] 

Baoace, ea-JclJ', to ihut up Ai « erngti^-^^ 

endifing; >s^ enclged'. [««, b, and Onfe.] 
ftiwyb en-kamp', v./. to form Ms m cmm^-'V.i, 

topitchtente; tohaltonamardi. [m, hi, fliaif ] 
tiioampmiatt en-kamp'ment, n,, ikt met fftnemmjh 

ingi the place waart an army or ooB^aay la 

encamped; acan^k. 
Eaeam, en-kU'. Same at ftmn. 
E a oan tl e, en-kaws'tik, «C^., Wm§dmoi dona by 

heat.— M, an ancient oMthod of painting m 

melted wa& Ifm^ hi* and OamMa.] 
ItesaTtb eaJdV, 9.I to hide im « «aw 9—^'^ an- 

cXv^ng; /a^/. eactved'. [««, in, and Omj 
^«*f *\ tog^c;, «C»^., migM: pregnant, with 

child. [Fr. — ^L. mctnc la m, not^ Hngs, nmcimm, 

to gird.] 
Bnrhaln, en-chIn', v.i. to pot im chmins; to hold 

fiut ; to link together, {^n, la, and 

IfctluBt, en<hanC', vJ,, t§ met 0m hf S9mg9 of 
aorcety; todiarm; todeUghtinaUahdcgree: 
'-fr.p, enchanting; /a^. eochanred. [Rr. 
tnckimUf^-l^ mcmnimt v, to ling a ougle fop* 
mula or er im, oil cmmi0, to tingj See Aeal. 

eadualir, ea^hant^, m, mm wk» meJUmtt; a 
soroerer or magidaat one who charms or de- 
lights.-^^W«. iBiilnal^nm. 

giiBhaatmtalL oviChanC'menL m.. sci tftMfkitudiii'j 
use of magic arts: that whioi enchants. 

Isslisib efrdii^, ^.t, U i$tetu* or fix in a border 
or rim t to adorn with laisad or embossed work : 
--^>. anchlslnff ; >«^. •nchlsed'. [Ft. m- 
c Xiti tr tm. In, M4Msr,«a^, acase.] See Ohass. 

Esdrel^ en-sftrid, v. t to enclose As m dtxk or ring ; 
to embraoe t to pass aroand. [Mi,ln, aadObile.] 

KBdMi^ en4dit^ a4f^ tkmi JmUmti or Umtu 
«e]AM.— «k in/nma., a word or^partide so unitad 
to another as to seem a part 01 it; aurticle <x 
word that throws the accent upon the lotmer qd- 
UUe. jQt, JMikliiikn #w, m, ^Miwlk to bsBd.] 

fcelisi^ en-dSi^, Same as IMhss. 

TaiiiimlsB en4af ml-om, n, high ctmmmimtitn .'-' 
jft fmmfmammm, [L.---Or. tni k tmitn , a song in 
prsise of Bacchus— m, la, k9 m t » , a fostMtyJ 

snfliwfssl, ca-kO'mi-asL «., «nr wks prmUtM, or 
one who utters or wmes encom ium s. 

SBwimissWs, an-kO-aBl-a/tlk, lainiiHs^Ml, SB-kB-al* 
a/tik-al, mij,, cmi m ini mg tmecmimmt or praise; 
bestowing prsisa m49, mmmiui^imScf, 

■snnsiiisi^ enJcum^^pas, v./., U t * m( m M or go 
round; to smroond or eadoaa. {s%iBi,andOimf* 


lMsr% ingJcfli', »dp. UuHUMi kmtri agshi ; 
once more.— «r./. to aall for a repetitioa of 1— 
>r/. encoring :>«,/.eMOrod'. [Fr., It.MK»ni 
*L. M kmmktrmmi, till this hour.] 

Baooaater, en-leoont'^, v,i, to nm emtmttr U or 
sgmimti; to BMSt foce to foca, asp. unaneol- 
eoly : to meat in contest; to opbose>-yry. eu' 
oount'cringi >a^ enoounrarM.—4«. a meeting 
tinexpectedly; an interview; a fight^ [old Fr. 

in, In, and tsmirs, against.] 
en-kui^l\|, V.I. to put €m$m ff9 im; to 
insinre with ^im, or hope; to indie >-<^>. 
anaxn'igingi/ia^ aaoourflged.— «. 
•"•mdw, SMsarliflafly. [Vr, fne^mm^ 
and^Mwivr.] SeeOeaiafs. 


. ca-kur'jy-ment, iv., ^ci ^ mc»wr^ 
•gimgi that which enoounges or incites. 

IserlaSt^ aalcri-nTt, is. the stooe-ASSr; a fosrilised 
animal on a long stem or stalk, with a Uljh 
shaMd head. \St. ml hi, aad4ir2«M. a hly.] 

sasHaal, ea-lafnaL MiMfsli. cn-krin'ik, sawlaliis, 
eaolait^lesl, a^,, ninimg U or containing 

ft w r osB ^ aapkrOdi^, v.i lit to draw away ms fy m 
k0ok; to seise gradually on the rights of others ; 
to intnid^* to trespass:— >r>. encroaching ; 
/a^ encroached'.— M. snereash'sr.— «^. aa- 
sroaiAAagly. [old Fr. encrfmr: Tt, mccroehsr, 
to hoob— Fr. er^c, crocket, a hook.] See (kedMl. 

easraaAsMBlk ea-krOch'menL n,, met ^ mcroaeh* 
ing; that which Is taken by encroaching. 

r,CD-kuml)4r, v./L to Inqieda the motion oC 
with somrthing cmmkrmu as a tm^; to embar- 
rass; to load with debts :— /r^ encumlMring ; 
/a^ encumliered. [Ftr. cncomhrtr, low L. f». 
fmivmf c§mkru» , a mound.] See Onibw. 

MwasilisBi^ enJoun^brans, n., wmt «M4*eA tnc mm 
Scrtotmiden; a Isgal daim on an estate. 

amroasa^ eiMiklik^ mG^. lit <a a CK^ or canrik/ 
sent to many persons or places^ as a lettac [Gs» 
CH, in, and ib^Mir, a drda.] 

^syrtsf l la, fcsys l sps dia , an-tf-kte-pTdi^. Sum 
as 0|r>lflfdls. 

saeiilspattai^ ea^T-klO-pC^di^w ai<^., iminteit^ 
ike whole circlt •fUtuming, 

S Bc jilsfa^la , en-tf -Uo-podlh, tasyelsiiilsal, en-ST- 
kUHMMfik-al, mdj^ ferUumng t» mn emcyct^ 

MMjalopsdlBl^ en-tf-kl0-pCd1st^ n, the oompilsr or 
one who assists in the oompilatioii of an encyclo- 

fsijsiit, en-sist'ed, «4^. sndosod in «*<N/or bag. 
[MS in, and C^sl,] 

Ssi, end, «., ik§ UH P0M ogpsrHm: tannin- 
adon or close; Uadt: termwstion 01 bdngj 
death; conclusion; coassqueneei otjeet 

at; purpose I a fiagmant— v./. to tiring to an 
and; to destroy.— m to ooom to an end; tn 

M>-^^ ending t ib^. ead'ed. [A.S. and 
Ger. ct$de; Goth, mm icu f Sans. miUm^ 

„ ending, n. tarmiaation; in / r wa r ., tfio tar* 
minatfaig syUabla or latter of n word, 
sailm i , endles, <My., wi t Jk mi end; co n tinu a l : ayerw 
lasting: objectless, m dw , oadlaariy.— «. 

andSris, mth*, tnd waft; on tbo and; 
with tht and forward. [lM,andinss.] 

an^laainu, n^ On A) saaw as Oaaufi. 
r, an-dln^, pX to plaoa im 4m$igtri to 

fits, Or; ma^liAri mtna; mOto; nOto; nOOni lAsn. 

Tii iil iwf 


to lo« or inlary :-/r/. «iidliiff«inf ; 
pd^ tBdinlBwtd. um, b, and Dtagw.] 

; en-db', v./., il» ivmAt dtmrtm mora dear: 
'-^p. ttodfliu^iig; >•./. oodearadf. [^n, to 
ouJce, and Dmt.] 

eiMla^ment, m, met ff iudsmriMgi 
state of being endeared ; toat which excites or 
increases affection. 

V en-deVur, v,U lit. to make It one's d^ 
to do a tUnc ; to strive to accoinplish an object : 
to attempt or try. — vj» in Pr. Blc, to exert:— 
fr^, eDdeaVounng ; >a.>. endeav^oured. — n* an 
ezertioo otyowtx towards some oUect : attempt 
ortriaL loid IL, 0iuUo»r-~¥t, Mt d nmr < ii , in, 
and dttfm^, duty.] See Devoir. 

eiwiek'argon, n, same as ITwJusidm. 

»idem^ l aie mto a l, ennlemA-al, Bi* 
tfesBlal, en-dCmi-al, md/., /tcuUmr tc m PtfPit or 
a dismct» as a diieaie. w. a disease of an 
endemic character.— «Ar. endoilBany. [Gr. tn>- 
tUmio»-~en^ in, and dhuM, a people.] 

i4oc«y en'dO-jea, n, a plant that grtm§ Jrfm 
wtMm, or oy additions to the inside of the stem, 
as the pmlm, grmuM, ftc. [Gr. «M4<«m, within, 
and /My root Q££it$m$£Uf to crow.] 
idogMea^ en-doj'oHUiSy «4r.> w/ vie i ir ia y tiki itt- 
daftnt, or bjr internal growth. 

en-doi^. Sameasbdena. 

...w. ennlow^, 9.1 to give m dtwry or maxriage- 
pornon to ; to settle a pmnanent provision on ; 
to enrich with any nft, or fiicultv >-^^r/. endow- 
ing : /a.>. endowea.— ^ endewer. [nr. m, and 
dmfr, to endow.] See Dowry. 
•Mdewmaal^ en^loirment, n,, met ff •mdfmmf ; 
that which is settled on any person or institution ; 
a quality ot faculty bestowed on any one. 

btfas^ en-dflf. Same as IMae. 

aidius, en-dOr', v.l, UUdmmUtl to renudn fam ; 
to last.--«.l to remain firm nnaer; to bear with- 
out sinking >-^./. endtb^ng; >o.>. endOred'. 
[Fr. Mdurtr; L. i$idmtmrf, to ma£e hard w , 
and dttrtu, hard.] 

ead arab le» ep-dOt^a-bl, a4/„ ikaitmmtt endm rm i or 
borne.— Oife. Mdai^sldf.— #t. ■dai^sMmiss 

endoraaei^ en^lifa^ans, !»., «i^i/# ^«M<^ie|Witf' or bear- 
ing; continuance; a sufferug patiently with- 
out unking; patience. 

laema, f^nfma, or en',*. aUjiuidmedidne tkronm 
inic the rectum ; an iajection. [Gr. gMtimi, to 
send in— ««, in, and kStmd, to send.] 

iBsny, en'^mi, is. . #m# «nil# is n^ m miemh Jt or 
friendly ; one «Hbo hates or dislikes ; a foe : a 
hostile army. [Fr. tt uumi L. i t ri t m i ci u im, 
negative, and mmicut, a friend.] 
ifld&, en'mi-ti, n,, ike gumiity cfhHmg an mtmyt 
nnmendlinesi; ill-will; hostility, [old E. m^ 
myi9§ entn ^ i Ft. immiiii; H Mmiciiim.] 

iBMiy, en'teji, n, iaherant powcr^ ovnl : power 
exerted; vigoioiis operation: strength. [Gr. 
sturriru^-'eH, In, and eir^m, work.] 

•MKgettsi en-te^el^ eatiielleal, en-te-jetfik-al, 
adf., hmvittr or shewing energy; active; forc- 
ible: effectnro. m d9 , muf^nMOf. 

lawaH e-nfa'vit, v.i., i0 deprku ^ nerve, 

strength, or coonge ; towealcen ^->r./. Cner'vit- 

iog ; >o^. Cner'vated. 

e, out of, and nervms, a 

■ M is M s» en^Vbl, vM, U mske/eeNe; to deprivo 


of strength, to weaken i-/r>. enfWbling \M^* 
enfeeUed. ierLta makob and resMs.] 
■leeMiit, en-frbl-mealb js., met ^fe$^ fMMin t or 

bfMC en-ftf or -feT, v.f. to give m/iefoe/ntd 
to; to invest with a possession in fee t-^^, 
enfeoffing ; >a^. taaitotM^, [en, and Feet.] 

eiiBieffiBsiilt enFnrment, or -fef, n,. act ^e^fe^" 
ing; the deed which invests with the fee of an 

lBila4s^ eo-fi-Ud', n., «/fiSr, Une, or straight pass- 
age; asituatioaera bodyopMifromendtpead. 

—V.1 to rake with shot through the whole length 
of a luie:-^>. enfiliding ; /«^ eafiUd^ 
[Ft. M, and>{4 a line.] See file. 

BtfiMe^ en-Airs', v./., U^/erce n^an ! to gab by 
force : to give force to: to put in force ; to give 
effect to : to urge, [en, and feresi] 

isfifiemMi^ eo-fttg'mait, n., act ifei^fordnt: eem- 

polsion: a giving effect to : that 
iftsiihiish en'franfchis, nil, terine afrmmekim 
or political privileges te>—^.J. enfranchising; 
>e./. enfran^chised. [m, and rraaahlse.] 
iftsnslilBtiaM^ enpfran'chis-ment, m., act ^ ei^ 
Jranckitimg; admission to cnrU or political 
privileges I 

ifM<k ^s^'^^k v*^ to bind by a gofe or pledge ; 
to render lisiUe : to gain for eervioe; to enhst: 
to gain over; to win: to occupy: to enter Into 
contest with.— «.£. to pledge one's word ; to be- 
come bound : to take a part : to enter into con- 
flict :->r^. englglng; >•>. engaged', [^n, 

eafacemeat, en-glj'ment, n.^ met ff engaging: state 
of oeing engaged : that which engages ; promise ; 
empbyment; a fight or battle. 

eigaeiiifc en-gf^fingt ^» winning; attractive.— 

Mftr. SBfiff'ttgly. 

fnf It. en-jenfdte, v./., te gender or beget; to 
breed t to sow the seeds of; to produce.— to 
be caused or produced :—/r.>. engen'deringt 
>».>. engei^dered. [fn, and g Mds r .j 

lBfin% en^b, #>.. an ine^nieus or skilful eeniriv 
anee: a compier maAine ; a military machine ; 
anyuing used to effect a purpose. [Wt, engine— 

Mi^% ^^^(KwPW^WW^^W;p V^haASsJ m^^^^ mmO^^^^Km^w^^^K 

Mgiaetr, en-jm-€r', n,, an eng ine m a ke r or man- 
ager ; one yiho has charge of military works and 
engmes ; a etvU wglneer, or one who superb- 
tends the construction d/nbiie works. 

•Bgbsertag, en-jin-Ci'bg, n,, tke art ot professioo 
^an engineer. 

tatfiw4, en-gtod', p,t., tagird r e nnd , [M,andaird.] 

BigUSh, bg'gliiJi, a4f., kelmging U England or 
its inhabitants.— «. the language or the people of 
TCnglatwi [A.S. Sngiisc, from Engle, Angle, 
from the Ans^ who settled b Britab.] 

bl^va, en-grlv', v.l, tacniagroeve inU; to cut 
out vdth a graver a representation of anythbg 
on wood, steel, ftc; to imprint; to impress 
deeply.— 4S. CBcrav'cr- [««, and Omve.] 

sagravbi^ en-griving, »., «c/ or art ^ entting 
designs on wood, ftc. t an Impression taken from 
an engraved pkte ; a prbL 

Bifressy en-grOe', v. t, Ut. te make greta or large ; to 
seise b me gross : to purchase b large quanti- 
ties to create a demand, and sell agab dear; to 
tidce or assume b undue quantity : to copy a 
writing b a Ae^rv band or b distinct characters : 

ato,ar{»9, Mr; aXBetBiOto; Bate; aAtoi Men. 



to occupy whoDy:—^./. engrOsiTiiig; >«.>. txfc- 

grltesed'.— M. tagrotrar. («», and Oroa.] 
•BCroHDMBl. en-grOs'ment, «., or/ of tngrotnngl 

that whidi has beeo engrossed ; a fair copy, 
lagalf. See lkff«lf. 
EohMice, en-hans', v.t. lit. /» >»/ forward ; to 

raise or heighten ; to add to ; to increase. — f.^ 

to be raised: to swell \—pr.p, enhancing : Pa.p. 

enhanced'. IProy. ttuuuar^-tntts^ forward— 

antt L.* *tnt€t before.] 
snhamwrneat, en-hans'ment, m., act of tnkancingl 

state of be^ enhanced ; increase ; aggravation. 

Kirifa^ C-nig'ml« n, a statement with a hitUUn 

meaning to be guessed : anydiing very obscure ; 

a riddle. [Fr. iniemti L. mtigma ; Gr. amifmm 

— otMsaomaip to cpeak darkl y amot t a tale.] 
swIpnaUft, e-nig<4nat1k, enijpiatkial, e-n^-matHc-al, 

adj.f rtlatiM£ to^ containing, or resembling an 

omgma; obscure : puzzlinj^.— «#v. srtgmatloally. 
suljiastlss^ fi^iig'ma-tls, v.t., io miter or deal m 

riddUt i—fr^. Cni^matlsing :>i.>.€nig^aBatlSed. 
^^n*****. CHoig'ma-tist, »., piu who tmigmatists, 
B^Jolii, cn-ioin', v.t, lit. t^ join to; to lay upon, 

as an order ; to order or oirect with authority or 

urgency, [en, and Joia.] 
Bajoy, cn-jo/, 9./.. to Joy or delight m ; to feel or 

perceive with pleasure; to possess or use with 

satisfaction or delight, [en, and Joy.] 
•■JoyB«Bt» en-jo/ment, m., ttato or condition of 

onjoyimg: s a t is f a c tory jwssession or use of any- 

thmg; plieasure; happwess. 
ftiMwdto, en-kin'dl, v.t., to kindle or set on fire; to 

rouse, [en, intensive, and Uadlo.] 
lalart*. en-lftij', v.t., to make loner; to increase 

in size or quantity: to expand; to aunplify or 

gread out discourse : in A, to set at large or 
se. — v.i. to grow large or larger: to be diffuse in 
q)«dcing or writing : to expatiate v—^.p. enlarg'- 
ing ; /«.>. enlarged'. [<m, to make, and latfe.] 

aalaqrouBt, en-Un'ment, n.^ met ^enlarging: 
state of beinff enlargod; uicrease; extension: 
diffuseness of q>eech or writing: a setting at 
large; release, 

fcHghtw, en-lTt'n, v.t., to Uekten or shed light on ; 
to make dear to die mind : to impart knowledge 
to ; to elevate by knowledge or religion. \fn, 
intensive, and Ufhtsa.] 

•nUglrt— eat, en-lTt'n-ment, n., act ^ enUgkten- 
ing^i state of being enlightened. 

Bnllst, en>ltst', v.t. to enter on a list; to enroll : to 
engage in public service: to employ in advancing 
an object. — v.i, to engage in public service : to 
enter heartily into a cause:— ^.>. enlisting; 
>a./. enlist'ea. [en, oo, and list.] 

•BUsUMBt, en^list'ment, n,, act ^enlisting: state 
of being enlisted. 

teltvMi, en-llVn, v.t., to /nt life into; to excite or 
make active ; to msUce lightly or cheerful ; to 
animate i—^.p. enlTv'emng ; /«.>. enllv'ened. — 
n, maUVmar. [em, to make, and Ltvs.] 

ISamitf. See under lasaiy. 

BdboUs, en-nO^ v.t., to make fi^^i to elevate : 
to raise to nobility :—j^.>. ennO'bling; A>./. 
ennOUed. len, to make, and Mobls.] 

Aund, ftn'w€, n. ^ lit. a$tneyanco ; a feeling of 
weariness or disgust from satiety, &c. [Fr. 
ennid; Sp. enejo; from root of Aaaoy.] 

C-noi'mus, adj., out (frule or measure ; 
; atrociou s , adv . saerWei^. [I* 
r, out of, and nerma, rule.] 

••^JJJrJJ^^-nortni-ti, n., etate or quality qfMng 
gfis^f^* tluit which is enormous: a great 
\j^ * P*sU wickedness. 
■■•H*^ «^»uf'. a4j„ euffieient: giving content: 
s»tisryuig want.— «<ftf. sufficiently.— M. suffici- 
ency : as much as satisfies desire or want [A.3. 
t*"**^ ge-meg, nog; Get. gt-nng; Ice. nog,] 
KaqfaliVk Seelaqalre. 

iBragt^ en-raj', v.t., to ^t in a rago; to malce 
furious, [en, in, and Kafs.] 

en-rap'tOr, v.t., to /ttt in rapture; to 

transport with pleasure oe delight :—>r>. en- 

rapr taring ;>«.>. enrap'tOred. {en, and Baptera.] 
Bttileh, en-rich', v.t., to make rick; to fertilise ; to 

adorn 'i—pr.p. ennch'ing ; pa.p, enriched*. [««, 

to make, aid Bl^] 
tarioh »sa t » en-rich'ment, n,, act ofenrickingi that 

which enriches. 

. en-rOK, v.L to insert in a fv// or roister ; to 
record; to leave in writing:—^./, enrolling; 
/a.p. enrolled', [en, in, and BoD.] 
MTOlBMBl. en-rormcnt, n., act of enrolling i that 

in whidi anything is enrolled ; a register. 
Ifia pto , en-sam'pl, old form of Irampla, 
Bnwwan s, en-skcms', v.t. to cover or {nrotect, as with 
a sconce ia fort ; to hide safely '.--pr.p. ensconce 
ing ; Pa.p, ensconced', [en, m, and Ioom«.] 

en-shrin', v.t. to endose m or or m a 

tkritu; to preserve with affection >->r.>. en- 
shrTDlng ;>«./. enshrined', [en, in, and Sbilae. 

en-shroud'^ v.t., to cover witk a skrond; 
to cover up. [en, m, and IhroBd.] 

bslpi^ en'sTn, n., tke sign or flag distinguishing a 
nation <xt a regiment : the officer who carries the 
flag of a regiment [Fr. enseigne, L. insignia, pL 
of intigne, a distinctive mane— m, on, stgnMrn^ 
a inaric] 

OMlgney, en'sln<«, sBslcaddpt en'sTn-ship, n., tke 
rank or commission of an ensign in the army. 

Sulavsb en-sUv', v.t.. to make a slave ^; to subject 
to the influence cii—Pr.p. ensUvlng ; >«.>. en- 
slaved', [en, to make, and llava.] 

>fS M M t, enHsllv'ment, n. act ^enslonhtgi state 
of being enslaved ; slavery; bondage. 

Same as ItaflUtfe. 

iPb en-stamp', v.t., to mark as with a stan^ 
[en, on, and Stamp.] 

Easms^ en-sQ', v.i., to follow; to succeed or come 
after : to result from. — in ^., vt. to follow after. 
—pr.p. ensQlnff ; pa.p. ensQed'. [old Fr. ensnir. 
Fr. ensnivre, Prov. ensegnir—h. in, after, and 
sefuor, to foUow.] 

I, en-shOOr'. Same as bsare. 

en-tabla-tOr, ItotahtosMat, en-tfl'bl- 
ment, n. in eaxk., the part, consisting <^ the archi- 
trave, frieie. and cornice, that surmounu the 
columns, ana rests upon toe capital of a pillar. 
^Fr.^ entablement, old Fr. entablature, fitun L. 
tn, in the manner of, tabula, a table.] 

XstatI, en-tiU', v.t., to cut off va. estate from the 
heirs ^neral, and settle it on a particular heir 
or senes of heirs : to bring on as an inevitable 
consequence :—:^.>. entailing; pa.p. entailed'. 
— n. an estate entailed: the nile of descent 
of an estate. [Fr. entaiUer, to cut into— <m, in. 
into, and tailler, to cut— L. talea, a cutting.] 

eatanaeat, en-tfll'ment, m., act ^entailing: state 
of being entailed. 

en-tang'gl, v.t, to taost into a tangle, or 

ftte,ar; oii,liAr; ml&e; mOCe; mttte; mOQo; /Aen. 


10 as not to be easily separated ; to involve in 
complicatioos; to perplex; to insnare. 
teatUmtnty en-tang'gi-ment, n., staU of being 
eiUangUd; a confused state ; perplexity, 
itar, en't^, v./.. U come or go imio : to join or 
engage in ; to oegin : to put into : to enroll or 
RCora.-jV.sL to so or come in ; to penetrate : to 
engage in : to form a part oi\—fr.p. en'tering ; 
/«.>. en'tered. [Fr. entrgr, L. intrmrt, to go into 
— M/rv, within, to the inside.] 
itnaoi^ en'tranSy n., met ^ enUrimg; power or 
right to enter: the place for entering, the door: 
the bM|inning. [L. intrwUf pr.p. otmhnfv.] 
try, entri, m., act (tf tnUring: a passage into : 
act of committing to writing ; the thing entered 
or written : in law, the taking possession of. 

Battfle, en-ter^ t^j-* heiongimg^ to tkt intuthut, 
[Gr. tnUri ko9 tnttroHt intestine.] 

BatecTtta^ en'tte-prts, »., that which it taken hoU 
off oiUcred mi, or attempted : a bold or danger- 
ous undertaking ; an adventure ; daring. [Fr. 

OHtnpf'tSf pa.p. of oHitvppwMdnt ttttft, ui, intOf 
and>f»M<frr. to take — L. ^htndo, to seise.] 
•at«TcldBC en t^prTs>ing, adj.Jormardin wider- 

taking; adventurous.— ^v. ea'tsrpslslacly. 

btsrtsiB, en-t^tln', v,t. lit. to hold together; to 
admit; to receive and treat hoqritably: to hold 
the attention of and amuse by conversati<m : to 
receive and take into considoation ; to keep or 
hold in the mind:— ^./. entertaining; P€u^ 
entertabedf.— 4*. voUm^iSsalmt^—adv. SBtsrtala'- 
lagSty. [Fr. entretetdr-enire, amumg, and tenir, 
L. teneo, to hold.] 

•BtatslaauBl, en-t6r-tSn'ment, is. . act ^enierta^ 
ing; hoqatality at table: that which enter- 
tarns ; the provirions of Uie table ; a^ banquet ; 
amusement ; a performance n^ch delights. 

tethial, en-thrawf. Same as ItathrsL 

lathroos^ en-thrOn', v.t,, to place on a Atone: to 
exalt to the seat of royalty; toinstalasabishop. 

en-thron'mentj n,, the act^enthron- 
ingt or of being enthroned. 

entlirwnlsstlflB^ en-thrOn*i-xft'shun, n, the enthrone- 
ment c£m. bishop. 

BntlnilMBB, en-thO'si-asm, n, fit ifupiraiicn fy a 
god; heat of imagination : intense interest ; pas- 
sionate seat [Or* enthemtiaemao' -enthoMtiud — 
to be inspired bjr agod— «», in^ and theott a god.] 

Mtliasl— 1» en-thO'a-ast, »., one inspired fy enthu^ 
tiaem; one who adinires or loves intensely. 

enthasisstfaib en-thO-ri-ai^tik, salkaslMlleal, en-thO- 
Mat6k'oXtadj.,ftlled with e nthne iatm ; sealous ; 
ardent — adp, wrthastas^tloally. 

lBtle% en-tU', v.t., to stir up; to excite : to induce 
by exciting hope or desire; to tempt; to lead 
•stray :—pr.p. enticing; >«./. entlcedf. [Fr. 
attiter, to stir the fire ; old Fr. entiser^L, titio 
(Fr. tison), a firebrand— ace. to Wedgwood, from 
the sound ttl tel by yrbidx dogs are incited to 
fi^t] adv. otlelagly.— 4S. tatts'er. 

sattooMad, en-tlS'ment, n., act of enticing; that 
idiich entices or tempts ; allurement 

•BlieteUs, en-tl^a-bl, adj., capable of being enticed. 

latlre, en-tn', adj., nntouched; whole; complete; 
unmingled.— «^tr. nMrdly.—n. sattxa'atss. [Fr. 
entier. It i$%te r o L. integer, whole, from in, 
not, and tago, tango, to touch.] 

•Bttlrety, en-tn'tt, n,, state ^ being entire ; com- 
pleteness; the whole. 

Battftto, en-tftl, v.t, to give a title to; to style ; to 
give a daim to. {en, and Tttle.] 


Bitlty, en'tit-if «.. being; existence ; a real sub- 
stance.(Fr.««i^/—L.M«,M/^. being— be.] 

SafeOBb^ en-tOOm', v.t., to place in a tomb,to biuy :— 
pr.p. entombing ; pa.p. entombed', [en, TWah.] 

aatantauat^ en-t<SDm ment, n. buriaL 

latoBOlogy, en-tom-ofo-Ji, n. the science which 
treats o/ituects. — adu., catom^egle, •atom^og'- 
leaL— <u/v. •atonolec'toally. [Gr. entoma, insiecu 
(animals nearly cut in two— iSmrii^, to cut), and 
tegos, a discourse.] [entomology* 

e at eiaelof isl , en-tonf-ol'o-jist, is., one leitmed in 
btral]% en'trfllz,, the internal parts of an 
animal's body^ the bowels. (Fr. entrailles—Ot» 
entera, intestmes— «»<!m, within— ^«is, in.] 
en'trans. See under Batsr. 

Bstaraaes, en-trans', v.t,. topnt into a trance; to 
fill with rapturous delight:—^./, entrancing; 
Pa.p. entranced', [en, in, and Itaacs. 1 


en-trans'ment is. et^te of tremce or 
of excessive joy. 

birap, en-trap', v.t. to catdi as in a trap; to in- 
snare ; to oitangle. [en, and Tiap.] 

B a te s at , en-trCt'. v.t. orig. to treat, to deal with— so 
in ^..* to ask earnestly; to i»ay for. — v.i. to 
pray. \fn, and ttaat] [pn]rer. 

«BlTCa«y, en-tretl, n., act ^entreating; earnest 
Same as btraaoh. 
Same as lateastw 
See under Baltr. 
Bafewlns, en-twia', v.t., to twine, [en, and Twlaa.] 
btwisi, en-twist', v.t,, to twist ronnd, [en, Twial.] 

fcaiaata ts^ S-nCk'mer-ftt ^'l' to count the number 

of; to name over >—pr.p. CnQm'eriting ; Pa.p. 

CnQm'erftted. [L. #. out, and nsimero, nnmcT' 

atus, to number.] See Mttmbsr. 
SBBfluialioa, C^Om-er-ft'shun, n., act of number^ 

ing; a detailed account ; a summing up. 

e«un'ri-&t, or 'shi, v.t.f to utter; to pro- 

nounce distinctly >-^.>. Cnun'dftting; pa.p, 

Cnun'dflted.— M. aanardater, one who enunciates. 

[L. enuncio, emmciatum—e, and nuncio, to tell 

■ nunciue, a messenger.] 
samrtatlwn, S-nun-si- (or -ahi)^ I'shun, n,, act ^ 

enunciating; manner of utterina oriwonoundng ; 

a distinct oeclaration ; the words in which a pro- 

podtion is expressed, 
aaanotativa, C-nun'si (or 8hi)-I-tiv, •oaneiatory, 6- 

nun'si (or shi)-at-or4, adj'.,^ containing enuncia^ 

/(Im or utterance; declarative. 

BmralsPb en-veFup, v.t., to rotttafoldin; to cover 
by wxap|»n^ ;^to surround entirely^ to hide:— 

>r./. enveroping; >«•>• enveToped. 

veupper; old K w&P,K. lap: or L, invohfo^ 

in, and voho, to roU. j 
«valspa^ en'vew)p. n., that which envelops, wrapi^ 

or covers, ei^. the cover of a letter, 
saiil^maat, en-vefop-ment n., a wrapping or 

covering on all sides. 

BavsMas, en-ven'um, v.L, te put venom htiot to 
poison ; to taint with Inttemeaa or malice \—Pr.p, 
enven'oming ; pa.p. enven'omed. [en, in, Tmois. ] 

Bavlabla, Baftoaa. See under Bavy. 

Bavlraa, en-vfmn, v.t,, to surround; to encircle; 
to invest:— ^.>. enVb'oning; Pa,p* envIT'oned. 
— »• aavlx'oBaiiBSk a surroimding. [Fr. e nvifvn - 
ne r e n v ir o n , around— wirr, to turn round, from 
root of Tear : but probw from a lost Celtic root] 

aavlvaas, en'vi-runx, or en-vf ,,, the places that 
environ; the outakirts of adty ; neighbourhood. 

f&te, fir; ma^hito; mlno; mOlei m&U; mOQo; Men. 



otto Mnt to transact busbeu with a foragn 
gOTcnunest. [Fr. i Hmj^ —t nv ^ytr, tosoid— m, 
on, and twit, L. *&», a w.y,}-n, aa'vtfiklt. 
Bbv7, cnH 9.A, <0 Am* a;^ with a grudging eye; 
to hate on aocooot of proqierit]r:--^>>tir vying; 
/«./. en'vied.-^ pain at the fight of anothePs 
succen; a wicked detiro to aipplant one: in 27., 
iU-wilL [Fr. tnvu; tnvier, to envy ; U imvidm 
— ^, on, and vtdtff. to look.] 
eavytaf, eir vi4ng. n, in B., envy, fll-wilL 
eavUbtob en'vi-a-M,'«4^., Mo/MnnifofMcy/oapablo 
r deeire to poiteii. ai». wt'v^bly. 

of awakening 
•avtoaa, ea'vi^ «C^., jitUmg tny f^^n xitn^ by 

Sawiapii See Iftwnp* 

■otMiL ro-afa, «^. injw^ fink b time of the three 

sabdivisiou of the tertiary fonnatioB. [Gr. M< 

dayfaraak, Ae^mv, leoent.] 
lellaa, fl-OH-an, leUe, S^llk, «4^, MSnwi^r ^ 

^WSm, in Ana Minor, or to the Greek dialect 

of Sofia: pertaining to ^Mm, the god of 

^pael^ I'pakt, n, the MnPMt of the eolar month or 

year above the lunar. [Gr. ^^mkUt, broui^ on 

— 4r^ on, mgi, to bring.] 
Bpaalel ep'awl-et, «., a tk^mUtrfiict ; a badge of 

a mihtaxy or naval officer. [Fr. hmuUti^ Qmtlt, 

the shoulder, L. tea^mlm, the sooulder-bladea.] 

Ipergns^ Mbn'. m. an ornamental stand for a 

• lane dish in tne centre of a table. VFT^^^mfgng. 

savin g i/ mf j Htr, to save ; Ger. ^Mnnv, to qmre. j 
Ipba, Vphak. c^fiL «. a Hebrew measure for dry 

goods. [Heb.— Coptic,iS|M^measore— 4^, to ooimt.] 
BphtBit% ef-en^erH^ n. a fly tJkai Uvtt mu dagf 

pHfy: the Mayfly, a genus of short-lived insects: 

a (ever of one daVs continuance only. [Gr. cMl- 

nutvs, fiving a da y t /L in, JUmurOf a day.] 


day; daily ; short4tved. 
ephw M rti ^ cf-em'er^is, ». an aoooimt of iaU^ 

transactions; a journal; an astronomical 

manac.— //. ephaanldii^ ef*«-mei^te. 
•phiiMrlsl^ ef-em'er4tt, »., mm mk» stodlet the 

imiiy motloos of die planets. 
Bphed, eTod. fi. lit M«/ talUia lr>«rf #M / a part of 

the Jewish priests' dress which served as a girdle 

to the tunic. [Heb. *ph0d n/kmd, to put on.] 
^^ epik, adj,, e m ttaM t^ nmmUim; rdating 

the histonr of great events.— «. an epic or heroic 

poem. [L. ifficmt; Gr. <5^rt w tp M, a word.] 
lyloeai^ t/^-Un^m^/* or n., tmmmmt to both 

in /now., of either gender. [Gr. 

and kamat, common.] 
iptonriL eoil^kOr, m., m fMtfwtr ifSHemrm^ a 

Gredc pniloeooher, who taught mat pleasure was 

Um chief good ; one given to iSBSual e^ioyment ; 

one devoted to the nuotrietlof the table. [L. 

SpUuna; Gr.Jg^ rt wn w .] 

ep4-kfl.rran, 4M^., pirimitUnt ^ W- 

atnu; g^ven to huninr.— 4S., mfMtwer^E^ 
ettna; one given to the luxuries of the table, 
ptooreaalsm, ep4-k1l-r€fan-ifln, n,, tkt doctrine* 
qfEpkmna; attarhmrnr to these doctrinesi 
pleaiinB, epI^cOrwlsm, n,, tJkt docMtm ^ B^ 
hiicury; senaoal enjoyment. 
I, cp^i-tf-U, II. a drde having its etnirt on 
die drciunference of a greater drde, on which it 
moves. [Gr. tpi^ upon, and ^Mm, a drde.] 
i^ldssBle, ep-lHdem'ik, IWiMrtwl, ofl-demlk-a]. 


^}*% ^fflteHng m wMo pto^l general— «. a 
disease ailing on great numbers.— ^M#r. epMsmlo- 
afly< [Or. tfi^ upon, and dhnoi, the people.] 
Vpid«»i% epidfa^mls. n, that which lies on tko 
true sMn; die cutide or outer skin of animals. 
[Gr. 9pidor mi » t^i, upon, and dorma, the skin.] 

Vplfletlls, ep-i-glotis, M. the cartilage at the root 
of the tongue that falls tt/on tktgUttis. or open- 
ing of the larynx. [Gr.— #>^ upon, and Qlottls.] 

Vplffraa^ epl-grain, «. lit. a wriiin^ n^on a monu- 
ment ; a short poem on one subject ending with 
a witty thought. [Gr. oHgrnmnm—o^ upon, 
and grummnt a writing, trwn grafhi, to wnte.] 

sftgrammatK ep-t-giaiiMnat'ik|^ tvlcramsiallaal, ep- 
i-gram-auufik-al, 4m{^., rtimtmg to or dealing in 
<^(fnMtf ; like an epipam ; condse and pointed. 
'-ido, fpigaiaastlnauy. 

Sflgraaaaatlsi^ ep^i-grarn'mat-Ts, v.t.t to maho an 
i /(g 9 UM on eplframiaitls^ ep-^giam'inat-ist, 
»., ot$o wko writ** efigra$H*. 

Iplfiaih, ep'l-firai^ m., a writing, eq>. on a build- 
ing ! a citation or ouKto at the oommencemeot of 
a book or its parts. [Gr. ^jt w / W <M «pon, 
and g r a p Jk i, to write.] 

l^Ueisy, epl-lep^. n, a disease of the biain at- 
tended Uf ooovuttioos, which *tiot* on ono *md- 
^M>, causing him to iaU.-M^.iVlkvi'lie. [Gr. 
tpH^ i a *s ^ upon, and la$nband, U /t o mai , to 
seiaB» Sans. XaM, to get] 

HpflegM^ ap^log, n., tko e o mitui on of a diacourse ; 
a speech or uort Ppem at the end of a play. — 
adj, spUegloal f-lof). [Gr. • M ogo*^ ooodurion 
— ^ upon, and «srf, to speak.] 

IMhaay, fi-piTan-l, «. adiurch festival celebrated 
on Jan. 6, in commemoration of the appommnco 
of Christ to the wise men of the East [Gr. 
ofipkanoia, appearance— <4!^ and pkain9, to 
shew, from/Aii#, to shine.] 

^iMOiasy. Ms1tO-pa»4.ii. the government of the 
church by bi*kof*. [L. Me^atrnt^-Ot, epi*- 
kopo*, overseer, bishop.] See HriMp. 

splssopal, 6-pi^OiMl, ad/, governed fy tMoP*; 
bek>nging to or vetted m bishope. adw , tvlreo- 

tplssrosWsi, •fisJcO-pnUm. m4p„ hilongi»t to 

htkop»t or covemment bybishops.— m. one who 

bekmgs to the Bpisoopal CSiorch. 
flplinniislisBli, t-pl^kMlli-an-lam, n,, tpioco' 

PaUan i v mtmtmn tMnddoCtxinn. 
Hisufats, C-fiirkft-pit, n., a H*koprk: die oflice 

ofabisikop; the order of bishops. 

Iplsods^ epl-sfld, «. a HUxrjeomif^in or Introduced 
into a narrative or poem to give variety : an in- 
teresting Ittddent [Or. tpno o dio n ipi , upon, 
oitodo*, a coming In— /i£r, mto, hodooy a way.] 

tiissdlal,ejp|i«(kri-al, sflsodls^ e-pi-sod^ episodioa], 
e-pi-sodl»«L adf.^Ptrtaininrtoo* oontsined in 
an tp it od o ; Wount In as a oigresBiciL 

eplsodieany, ep-l-sooik-al-ly, adv,, iyway ^ fp^ 
*0d*i Inddentally. 

^isH^ t-plsl, n, a writing *oni to one, a letter. 
\}^«pi*ioUi Qt.^i*toli—*pi, and tttOd, to send.] 

•plskelary, M^tO-uur-!, a4f'» PtrUttntng to w con- 
sisting w iputlo* ait letters; suratUe to an 
epistle ; contained In letters. 

sfistollt^ ep^s-torH^ epJsteMoal, q>-ls-tonk-a], a^f., 
pertaimMf to *pMln or Unttn I dettgnating the 
method 01 representing ideas by letters and words. 

mttapk, epl-taf, n, that which Is written i«^ a 
tomi; an Inscription upon a monument. [Gr. 

UliMrtss^ ^pMemlk-a], Df««^; an Inscription v 
0te,llr; ma^hte; mlno; mOle; m&te; dOOd; Men. 

ti*iiiitiHtii^ n'l-ilw-U'nit-tim, a. • *a(if ajIfB a 
mtitTiM£t. [Or. tfii^^immiiit—ifit upoD, ud 

VU^ cpl^hci, K. lit n^/Uy aifOM M; u 
adiectiva ■iihimIih ■»« RUqvBlirv at Iki 
Ihuif 10 *Udl ll ii appU*^ Bt u amibun 1- 
tnaiat Mm* anUtr uoiM M U. IGt. (M- 
HutBi, iMtA-^M,im.iailMlml, to nUa.] 

Huts -'— -"-1 iriih (piMb 

■-, tkmlfMikirMatpmtlft 

is nV'j ■ Flat ciicl* puib| nnnd th> niddl* 
ft Um ffeb*, uddiridiiic it luo two iwufpaia; 

MMV.di'n-d.ll., Hfinftfr M li^tnaM; i<^ u 
fooBdcd « ua kwa of natiini : Tilmnii t Jutica. 

itmitfi haU oa anidiail ia aqnUr.— W*. ai^ 

■umlnllf. Mm-oi^UL ■ ., ifii»«»« aWBnaa 

■taMoi. Sm nadci ml 

InKT. Biaiuf, ri^inA at A'mfl, n., mmi* 

Ami Mf (*av i/itnMi In Eaalud, u oOar 

undar tba aavetiia^ iiiailai oT Uw bon*. po* 

L. tnm ri Ht L> fruiv, a bona.) 
H — MM . Miwai'Di«a, atf..«ar ite fa i y<» twain 

en krrtnmiuMt; oa bPtaibadL Hi, oh vho 

man, a boriainan af w u.] 
HilM rinrlQ, ataka^ UwVal, ai^., 

fllAjiyaMjL [L.av'WiaqualaiidMmL] 
l|*nnt*M, Mcwi-lfbrtt, •.<.. fa IdZuiH two icalci 
trualfy. [U «riiu, iqiul, ud lIla»a.>-«. 

avUBtHB, UwUOM-am, ■.. <v-^ WlMnkf / 

niiiiJitx ofRiiht ar ram ; lanl poaidan. (L. 
<*fintf, ud tfSn, a balanca.] 

l?3>al, -y."- . 

— of tha aqiuBoiaa, « m lua 
— ■ — ,_«, afnatdKleiA 

_ __-„_ „ , — . — _ 10 Ibe Equltocoflba 

calth, ao oaBad bacauH ^KD t)ia nm croan" '' 
tha dan and n^nUt itn lyMiL 
.^■laaotlalb, CM-aok^lluUr, aA., 61 l»t A-^ 

■friK C-bwic^, v.A, Ai j(( Mf ai a 4*# ror m 1 W 
fuaUfa wub aTcrTthlB( nudad for taj Hnrlca 
tt work >-^j*. Iqnlpfi'Dwi /•>. (quIfiM^. 

K fft m n , to l(ir»-A.S., Gotb., lea. dtfi' ^i 
•Klvan akSrtpV. h., da/ «nU bSU c^^ 
JfH tf i J ; fuTnitun nquliod las any Mrrica, m 
annom of a aokUar> Ac, ; a canian and altan^ 
and, retlciue.— A^, a^^llpaca*, jSmitlud vilA 

•i2i«a« «Jnri[Anal, a. . U> arf f^ ifv//^ t 
tlta ttata of bedif a qof ppad : tbufi wd i> 
•qulpplsf or AiraiuiSiit. 

|U»<ta, rWLooii. a., ifmiartf«ift<Ua ftma : 
tfaa ttaia of a baluoa wban tho two wtiahta ai« 
' " w, oquid, ud Mm.] 

, i-pollail, a^*., Aitriag tfuml 

, _ Ibnei cqnlTalcBt.— a. anIfiniHa. [I. 

mtum, aqoaL lad /rUnH, JtOnlil, pr.p. of 

H.tliwmaH. IJiwl-poB'd^t, r.<^, to b (fawf^ 
tttf^pli ; to balancfi '-—^^•, Bqupoa'dartUnf 1 
>«^. (qulpeo'darltod. 

t, maaaiafi ftiL — a. a ibLv aqt 

ipiaV aad aaiaH, awfcutir, ^.p. 


'Ir'UaL a4r., awaaHfjfiiaJ^ two 


•qiti^iMTiuM PL 4gquHt, emial, and vocaUt^ \ 

vox, voeis, the roioe, a word, j 
t qal f w ftit^ C-kwiv'O-kit, v.i,, U awr egmvoeal or 

doubtfiil words in order to mislead :—>r./. 

SquiVOcfttinff : /«./. Squiv'Ocftted. 
egtt lv ooa t toa, ^kwir^kt'shun, «., acto/eeutooeat' 

tug or unng ambiguous words to mislead.— «. 


Bra, e'ra, n, a series viy*art redconed from a par- 
ticular pomt [L. otra; fV. in; allied to A.S. 
gear, a year.) 

BnUUeatt, C-rad'i-kftt, v.t. to puU up /^ M# fv^ilr; 
to destroy :—>r.^. Crad'ic&ting ; ifcs.>. 6rad1- 
cJUed. [L. eradtcOf to root out-^; and radix, 
radicis, a root] 

•radlcatioa, e-rad-i-kl'shuiij n,, iJUact o/tradicai- 
utg: state of being eradicated. 

Bras*, 6-rls', v.t., U ntb or scrape out; to efface : 
to deitroy :— >r./. Cris^g ; fa.p. iAaitdi',~-€t4/. 
wuftM: — n, mdmt. [C erado—t, out, and 
rado, rams, to scnpe.] 

erulaa, e-r&'shun, wsis wft , e-rftz'men^ srasare, 
C-rft'shOOr, n., th* act of srasittg; a rubbing 
out: the place where something written has 
been rubbed out. 

BnuMaa, C-rast'yan, n. a follower of Thomas Eras' 
tus, a German phvsidan, who maintained that 
the church is wholly dependent on the state for 
its existence and authority.— A{f. relating to the 
Erastians or their doctrines. 

•rwUaalsm, a-rast'yan-izm, n,, pri$tcipUs 0/ the 
ErastioMs; control of the church by the state. 

Brt^ Ir, adv,, Ufsrs; socmer than.— /n;^., hs/orw. 
[A.S. mr. Goto, air, early.] 

•rst» irst, adv.tjirtf: at first; formerly. [A.S. 
artsi, superL of 4rr.j 

Irset, e-rekt', v.t., to set upright; to raise; to 
build : to exalt ; to establish '.—pr.p. Crect'ing ; 
Pa.p» Crect'ed. [L. trtctus, from srigo. to set 
upright — 4. out, and rsf^, to make straignt.] 

•reel, C-rekr, adi., upngki; directed upwautl: 
unshaken ; bold.— «^tr. treetly.— «». ereers 


•rtetloa, 6-rek'shun, n., act of trscting or raising : 
state of being ere c t e d; exaltation: anything 
erected ; a building of any kind. 

btmlte, er'e-mTt, n, now HarBil. 

STDdne^ ir'mTn, n. a northern animal of the weasel 
tribe, valued for its fur ; its white fur, an emblem 
of the purity of judges and magbtrates, whose 
robes are lined with \\.—adj. tPmia^d, ad<Miied 
with ermine, [usually given, the A rmuniam rat : 
but FV. kermins, Ger. asrmcksn, a weaseL] 

InkU^ e-rOd'. v.t., to eat away I'-^.p, ArOdlng; 
/«./. CrOd'ed. [L. e, and rodo, rosus, to gnaw.1 

9ndt9% e-rO'siv, a4f., having the proper^ ^eroeU 
ing or eating away. 

OTOstoa, e-rO'zhun, n,. the act^ eroding or eating 
away : the state or being eaten away. 

Irotle, S-rotIk, Irotleal, e-rot^-al, adj„periaimng 
to love, [Gr. erdtikos e rts , erdtos, love.] 

Brr, er, v.i., to wander from the right way ; to go 
astray : to mistake ; to sin. [L. erro, to stray.] 

•rxaat. er'ant, adj., erring or wandering; roving ; 
wild. [L. errans, errantis, pr.p. of erro."] 

iiaatiy, er'ant-ri, m., an errant or wandering 
state; a rambling about like a knight-errant. 

enalle^ er-at'ik, ein^lcal, er<itU-al, adj., wander- 
r; having no certain course ; noX, stationary. — 

s, er-fl^tum, n. , an errvrin writing or printing. 
—pi. errata, er-ft'ta. [L., <iii > . ] 


VtUfi er'or, «., m wandering or deviation from 
truth, rif^t, «c. ; a blunder or mistake ; a fruilt; 
•»»• [L., — erro.] 

•ROOSuiSL er^'nC-us, adi., wandering; erring i/uU 
qf error; wrong; mistaken.— «</v. srre'iMoiialy. 
n. wfv BeoanMi. 

Imad, er'and, n., a mesusge; an order; a com- 
mission to say or do smneUiing. [A.S. terend— 
ar. Ice. dri, Goth, airtts, a messenger : ace to 
Mailer, fix>m root ar, to plough.] 

Ins, tn, n, can. of Irish, the name given by the 
Lowland Scots to the language of the people of 
the W. Highlands, as being ot Irish ongin. 

Brrt. See under Wn. 

. er-(RV>bes'en^ ady.,griowingred; red or 
reddish ; blushing.— fi. si ■Wissii^swu. [L. emief 

cens, -entis, pr.p. of erubesco, to grow red— e, 
uxuintber, red.] 

Iraetetloa, er-uk-tl'shun, n., the act 0/ belching ot 
rejecting wind ftom the stomach : a violent ejec- 
tion of wind or other matter from the earth. [Lb 
emcto, emctatms—e, and mcto, to belch forth — 
rugo, to belch: Gr. erengomai, to vomit] 

Iradlte, ex'a-dTt, adj. Vki. freed from rudeness \ in- 
structed ; polished : learned.— «^v. e/adlt«ly. [L. 
emdio, eruditus, to free from rudeness e, frt>m, 
and rudia, rude.) 

wadtMoB, er-Q-di'shun, n., state of being erudite 
or learned ; knowledge gained by study ; learn- 
ing, e^. in literature. 

Bragtaoas, 6-rOOOin-us, ae^'* resembling the rust of 
copper m brass ; rusty. [L. eer u g in osu s < e r ugo, 
rust of c o p p er es s , ssris, metal, copper.] 

BrqttoB.S-rup'shnn,*. ,a breahittgor bursting forth ; 
that which bursts fcMth ; a breaking out of spots 
on the skin, [l* eruptio e r umpo, eruptus—e^ 
ou^ and rumio. to break.] 

•roptod, e-rupred, adf., suddenly and forcibly 
thrown out, as lava from a volcana 

•rapltTs^ £-«vnt1v, adf., breahiftg forth i attended 
\y or producing eruption : produced by enq;>- 

Iberi^fiiksM, er-i-sii/e-las, n. lit. red shin; an erup- 
tive inflammation of the sldn, chiefly on the 
face. [Gr. e r ythrvs, red, undpella, udn.] 

Bsoalade, es-ka-UUf, m ed, n., the settling of the 
walls of a fortress bv means of ladders. — v.t., to 
scale; to mount ana enter by means of ladders : 
—pr.p. escaUdlng; pa.p. escalSd'ed. [Fr. 
fi^ L. scala, a ladder.] 

Bsealof^ es-koKup. Same as BeaOopi. 

B soa p ade. See under Bscape. 

Bsea p s , es-kii/, v.t., to ship or flee fit>m ; to pass 
unobserved ; to evade. — v.i, to flee and become 
safe from danger; to be passed without harm: 
'-pr.p. esd^/mg; Pa.p. fatikpoX. — n,, act of 
escaping; fli^t from danger or from prison. 
[Fr. idtap^. It. scap^areT^. ship.\ 

escapade, es-ka-^kf, n. the ffiiag of a norse or kick* 
ing bade of his heels ; an impropriety of speech 
or behaviour which escapes unconsciously from 
any one. [Fr. — It scapp a ta scappars.^ 
eapesMnl, es-kftp'ment, n. part of a time-piece 
connecting the wheel-work with the pendulum, 
and allowing a tooth t^ escape at each ribration. 

kflrp', v.t. to make into a scarp or sud- 

[L., — erro.} cut down steep, from ro 

{i!bt,t9cci m€,hte;'ml&e; mOte; mate; mCOn; tktu. 

den iia^>-pr.p, escarping; Pa.p. escarped'. 
— n, a scarp or steep slope ; vxfort., the side of 
the ditch next the rampart. [Fr. esc ar per, to 
cut down steep, from root of leaip.] 


!9-kln/inent, «., a tUff tbeUvify; Um 
precipitous tide of any hill or rode 

■iA*lat» eshni^otf, n, a kind of fmall onion, for- 
meiir found at Asealcn in Palestine. [Fr. 
MuuetU, etcaUtU—'Yt, Atcahnius, of Ascalon.] 

Biebsat, es-ch€t', n, property which^iiZr to the 
state for want of an heir, or by forfeiture.— v./., 
to /mil to the lord of the numor or to the state : 
~~Pr.p. escheating ; >a./. escheat'ed. [old Fr. 
ttcMtaU; low L. ttcketa, from euado — Li tx, 
out, and eado, to fall.] 

iMhev, eS'^JiOO', v.t,, to sky at or shumi to Hee 
from :-^.>. eschewing; >a./. eschewed*, [<M 
Fr. txchtvtr; Ger. se>utttn.'\ 

iMorK e^lcort, »., a guide: an attendant : a guard ; 
a body of armed men asa guard. [Fr. neort*; 
It. scortm, a guide— >iKW]fvnr, to guide — L. ex, 
and ccrr^pertt to set right.] 

iseo rt » esJcort', v.t. to attend as a guard >->r.>. 
escort^g ; A>*/* escort'ed. 

berltoirs, es-kri-twoi^ h.^ a writittg-daJk, [Fr. 
icritoirei okl Fr. tscnptoirt^ low L. KnftO' 
rittm — tcribot scriptum, to wnte.] 

Iseali^^aa, es-kQ-l2'pi-an, adJ.^ptritUmng to Estu- 
laphttt and hence — to the art of healing. IBseu" 
laphUt the god of the healing art.] 

lK«kBt» eslcQ-lent, mdj., eatmhU; fit to be used for 
food by man. — m. something that is eatable. [L. 
etadtntut, eatable— mm, food, from tdo, to eat.] 

BievlehMaj es-kuch'nn, is., a shield on which a coat 
of arms u represented ; a family shield ; the part 
of a vessefs stem bearing her name.— a<(f. m- 
cat^MBSd ('und), having an escutcheon, [old 
Fr. esctuson; It. satde; 1* scutum, a shield.] 

Brapluff«% e-sofa^gus, n, the passage through 
•wYaai/ood is carried to the stomachy the gullet 
[Fr. msepkage; Gr. eisopkeigos—^tsd, fut. of 
pMertf, to carry, wadpkagd, to eat] 

■Mtsrie^ es-O-tor^ adf., itmer: secret; mys- 
terious : vaphil.t taught to a select few— opposed 
to Exotalo.— «</9. ssote^leslly. [Gr. esdterthes^ 
esdteros, inner— Wf^, into-vw, into.] 

E^aUir, es-pal'yte, n. a lattice-work of wood on 
which to tram fruit-trees: & row of trees so 
trained. [Yt.—4^le,o\^¥T.espalde,lt.spalla 
— L. spa t k u l a . dim. of s^atha, the shoulder- 

bpedal, es-pesh'al, a^., special; particular; orin- 
dpal ; distinguished.— «i/v. espreiaOy. [ola Fr. 
"L, ^pecialu.) SeeSpMlsL 

See underlay* 

BsplsBSils, es-f^-nld'. «., a /tame or level space be- 
tween a citadel ana the mst houses of the town ; 
any q>ace for walkimr or driving in. [Fr.— 
esplamer, to lay level— L. pUums, plain.] 

Espoos, es^Mus', v.t., ie grveasspctue^heirotked; 
to give in marriage : to take as spouse; to wed : 
to take with a view to maintsin ; to embrace, as 
a cause ''-pr^, espousing ; /aA eqxHised'.— m. 
•spoas'er. \jx. ipouser; old Fr. espotiser; L. 
spondee, spomsus. to proinise solemnly.] 

aneasal, es-pon^al, «., the act ^ espousing or 
betrothing: the talung upoa one's self, as a 
cause : — in //. a contract or mutual proinise of 
marriage. X<^ Fr. e*pousaiUes.\ 

BqVt es-pt, v.t., to see at a distance; to spy or 
catch sight of; to observe; to discover unex- 
peoedly. [old Fr. e^ier, firom root of Ipy.] 

sspliMsgi^ eC'pHHi-l^, »., practice or employment 
o/ spies, [fV. espiaunage—espian, % spy.] 


Ii«iln^ es-kwV, n. orig: a sfuire or skieU-Uarer; 
an attendant on a knicht : a title of dignity next 
below a knight ; a titk given to younger sons of 
noblemen, ftc ; a genoal title of respect in ad- 
dressing letters, [old Fr. escuyer, from escu, 
now icu, L. scutum, a shield.] 

, es-s&', v.t., to try; to atten4>t ; to make ex- 
periment 6i:--pr.p. essaying; Pa.p, essayed', 
[from root of Asmy.] 

Bay, es'^ »., a trial; an experiment ; a written 
compomtion less elaborate than a treatise. 

ism y s r, es-sA'dr, mts^^ es'sft-ist, n. a writer ^ 

Ifi s n os , e^ens, n., being; a bdng; an existing 
person or substance : the qualities which malce 
any object what it is : the extracted virtues of 
anv drug ; the solution in spirits of wine of a 
volatile or essential oil; a perfume. [Fr. — L. 
essentia— essens, essentis, ola pr.p. of esse, A.S. 
weutn. Sans, as, to be.] 

■SBs ntl s l , es-sen'shal, adj., relating to or contun- 
ing tke essence: necessary to the existence of a 
thmg; indispensable or important in the highest 
degree: highly rectified; pure. — m, something 
essential os necessary; a leading principle.— 
adv. mm^tlsJtf. 

ssiitlsmy, es-sen-shi-aH-ti, n,, the quality of being 
essential; an etientisl part 

BstahUsk. es-taVUsh, v.t.. to make stable ot firm ; 
to settle or fix ; to ordain ; to found ; to set up 
(in business) >-Pr.p, establishing ; Pa.P' es- 
toblished. [oU Fr. estabUf^-h. stabuis, firm— 
sto, to stand.]—*. sstakHshv. 

sstabUsbsMBl, es-tablish-ment n. • act of es t ablish' 
ing: fixed ttaiUi : that which is established: a 
permanent civil or militarv force; one's resi- 
dence, and style of living ; the church established 

IrtaU, es-tit', »., a standing; condition; rank: 
property, esp. landed property ; fortune : an 
order or class of men tn the bodyiwlitic-;:/^ 
dominions; possessions; the I^;islature— king, 
lords, and commons. [FV. itat, oki Fr. estat^' 
L. status, a standing, firom sto, to stand.] 

lilnim. S«s under Istteata, 

gsttmstsy eC'tim-At v.t. to reckon tlie value of in 
moneif; to judge of the worth of a tlung; to 
calculate : to prise i-^.p. eC'timftting ; pa.p, 
es'timfttea [Fr. estifner—'L. msti$no, testtmef 
tum, to value— «r, copper, money.] 

ssMaali^ es'tim-At, n, a valumg in the mind , judg- 
ment or opinion of the worth or sise of any- 
thing ; a rough calculation. 
imm, e»>tem^, v.t. to set a high estimate or value 
on ; to regud with respect or friendship : to 
consider or think:— ^.>. esteeming; pa^. es- 
teemed'.— «»., high estimation or vtuue; favour- 
able r^ard. 

•BtlaukbliL eC'tim-a-bl, adj., that can be estimated 
or valued: worthy of esteem; deserving our 
good opinion.— «</9. ss'tfauihly. 

sitiniatlfln, es-tim-&'shun, n., act ffesUmnting; a 
reckoning of value : estecan, honour. 

Istraage, es-trtnj', v.t., to make strange; to alien- 
ate ; to divert from its original use or possessor :— 
>r./. estriln^ng ;>«.>. estranged'.— «. 
~ 'd Fr. estr ang er , from root of 

ate^flr; Bi,liAr; mIM{ mOlss mflts; mOQo 

[old Fr. estranger, from root of ftnncs.] 
>i«»,. es'tO-ar-i, n, a narrow passage, as the 
mouth of a river, wbuem the tide meets the cur- 
rent, so called from the Mttvor foaming caused 



by BMif wttnuMt (I«* 4nH$M94tiin, fron 
mhrnrf, to bofl u p m iim, % bttming.] 

Iteh, tch, vJ. mak% destfu on metal, gtut, 
tec hf mting 9mt the lines with an acid :— >r.>. 
etching ; A»./. etche<f . (Ger. JIten, to corrode 
by acid : Cotn. atjan, Sam. md, to eat.] See Balw 

•Mitaf, echlnf. n,, tkf att w ari ff rtdkinr or 
•ngrtvinff t the linpreMion from an etched plate. 

ItwTHI, e-^^nal, 04^., thronikami att time ; ever- 
lasting : without beginning or end of existence ; 
Immortal ; ceaseless : unchangeable.—^. The 
HsriM, an atjpeltation of Ood.— tf^. eUv^teaOy. 
[Fr. ittnuli L. mUrmUf mviUrm u avum, Gr. 
«^, a period of time, an affe.] 

•Mndly, C^tAi^ni-ti, is. eternal ammtitm ! the state or 
time after death. {¥t. iHtniti: L. mtfrnitrnt.] 

elenlss^ 0-t^nTt, v./., U mmkf[ii*mat: to im- 
mortalise I to perpetuate. [¥t. iHmitir.] 

ItsUsa, B-tTthan, m^J.^yntrUi periodical ; blowing 
at suted seasons^ as certain winds. [Pr. MtUn, 
L. iittim, Gr. t/iHoi, annual— r/M, a year.] 

nhsr, fthAr, ».. M# ^/mit, »jM«r «dSr; the medium 
supposed to fill all space above the atmosphere : 
a light, volatile, Inflammable fluid. [Fr. itJUr; 
L. mtfur; Gr. «//A#r, from aithi. to light up.] 

elhsrsal, i-thrr»«L ai^u tmnstmg ^ ttlur ; 
heavenly ; spirit^fike.— <<M#r. ethe^rsaOy. 

Mhsrtalisi^ «>Uirr«^-l8, v./., U C0HV*H inU 
ttkir, or the fluid ether ; to render spirit-like : 
—Pr^. €thrreallsingi A>> ithe'rCallsed. 

elhsrtss. rth^Ts, v./., U convert into 4iMtr; to 
stupify with ethers— ^^. Cthertsing; >f^. 

Mhlc^ ethik, mUsal, ethlk-al, «i^., teUHnr U 
mmnmert or M^nsZr: treating of DM>raUty or duty. 
elhlsaUy. fyc H kl k i e #M je, custom.] 

elhtsib ethlks, n.n'm£., M# docfrtMet ^ sK^neA'^y , 
the sdenoe of duty { a system of principles and 
rules of duty. 

Hyiflsa, «-thi-«r||.aa, MUepK f-thl-oplk, mdi., 
ptHmMng te BMipim, a naoie given to the 
countries south of Egypt inhabited oy the m t( ftv 
races. (Gr. Aitkit^t sunburat, Ethiopisn mithd^ 
to bum, and 4/r, the (aoe.] 

ntals, eth'aik. BUmlsaL eth'nik^ m4/^ rtimUmg 
to m m m tiom or M*fi*l oonoemiag nations or 
nMes: pertaining to the heathen. vUotkmem; 
Or. t thn iko t . frma etkmoo, a nation.^ 

sthaeprnphy, etMog'ra-fi, »., a d u crt ^H o m if M# 
mmiiotu of the earth. (Gr. WAmm, and g n^ Jk t, 
to deecribe.]-«<r. ethMfraphle. 

etbBotegy, eth-nol'o-ji, m.» tJke tcimeo that treats of 
the SMtfWlte ^ Uit k ummm rmct, (Gr. otkmtf 
and Mf** *^ account— /mP, to «peak4— «4r* 
ilhneisi^lsai mdm. stlmsis^caBy. 

MelKlek iH«-llt. 9.i, to become white or whiter ; 

to be blanched W excluding the light of the sun : 

to become pale unom disease or abeenoe of nght. 

— «.! to blanch : to cause to grow pale s- /r/. 

CtioUting : >•> rtiolited.-«k elMalien. (Fr. 

M $kf \ OM Fr. ottMer, to become slender, proh. 

from Ger. Hiti, ttaft.] 
■Ileleiy, C^l-ero^ «., <Atf arfcMtf y <Atf casmt M 

^. (Or. mjim^ a ca u sey ana Mjt, tm m> 

to speak.] 

. ^^^^-^^lA^f^K- • *Wr/ on whlAAe 

leiutt to be obeerveo at omnt on paritcumr 

e ineaibod : foma of cet ea ao oy or 

ittmnmmf. [lY.] SoeBiMl 

elVmoB, IS., ikt inm origin of n word; 

AHorigfaia] root; the genuine or Hterel sense oC 
a w ord. [Gr. ^-e tj i f m t, eteot, true.] 

slfBulsti, et-i-mol'o-ji, »., anaccomttiftkoetytmmu 
or true origin of words ; the science that treeU 
of the origin and history of words : the part of 
Grammar relating to inflection.— o^^f.etjmotog'leaL 
^tulv. s trm sle t ^leaUy. [Gr.^//MM,and/#/M,an 

elgrmole|kt» et4-moro-jist, «., cm skilled in or who 
writes on etymology. 

Indisrlst, Olca-risL n, orig. tkogivittf iftkanks: 

the sacrament of the Lord's Supper.-' mdie. tishe 

Hsf ie, euehailst'leaL [Gr. raA*am/i»--n^ well, 

and charts, grace, thanks.] 
laloflam, a-10l[i-um, Baleiy, fllo-ji. «., a ^emki$t£ 

nteUif; praise; a speech or wntiag in praise oi. 

[Gr. eulogia eu^ well, and logoe^ a RMakiag.] 
eulofle, a-lojak, enloglsal. a4oj1k-aL «^., cohUuh^- 

ing eulogy or praisti- tfrfr. evlegieal|f . 
ealofflse, ^ojts, v./., to tpoaJk wU ^f; to praise : 

-—pr.p, eulogTsing; P«.p. eulogTsML 
eeloflst^ Olo-Jist, is., one whojrmtet or extols 

another.— (u^. eoleglsllfl^ full of praii 


Insnsli, a'huk, is., « gumrdimn if the cottdk; a 

castrated man appointed to thb office in the East. 

[Gr. etmomko e em t i , a couch, and echd, to have 

charge oC] 
eonohlsB, rnuk-ixm, m., tke ttmU if leimg a 


praiie. mdv. 

ti'pm'dt n,, good digntiott—oipocaiti. to 
D^npsi^. FGr. etipepeia^-eu^ welL and Mpeie. 
digesuon, from pe*t9. pept»t^ to oigestj-As^Cr. 
enpsp^ having good digest ton, 
laphsmism. fl'fem-izm, is. lit « ^akmg well: a 
soft or pirasing term employed to express wnat 
b disagreeable.— «4^. eaphmlstle. [Gr. e$iPhi- 
mismos eu, weD, tat^/himi, to spealc] 

ll l fc iii j, fl'fo-ni, IS., amomemiU s ot mdj a pleasing. 
easy pronunciation. [Fr. emphomu^ Gr. enAh9ntm 
--em, well, and/A«Ml, sound.] 

evphonla. a-fon'ik, en^hentoal, 'ik-al, eepkesdew^ O-fif- 
niHM. a4f.tpertamittg to et^h^^y; agreeable in 
sound.— ^MV. enphe'klenrty. 

s fh so l ss^ (ffon-Is, to make euphonioMS :— 
pr^ evphoolsbc ; Pm^ eu'phoolsed. 

Buhrasy. a'frapii, n, in tot., the plant Bye-bright, 
rormoiy regarded as beneficial in disorders of 
die eyes. [Gr. omphrmsimt delight, fsxnae^phrmin9, 
to cheer— rai, well, phefn, tM heart.] 

laptaism, a'm-ism, n. an affectatiaa of excessive 
refinement of language ; a high^own expressioa. 
—n. ea'phalst. mf/. eaptotsl^ IftxmEt^J^s, 
a book by Lyfar u time of Q. Elixabeth, which 
brought the style laio vogue— ^. et^yis, grace- 
ful—^ weD, phyi, growt h p h yi , to produce.] 

d^rokli-don, is. a tempestuous south- 
' ' ' - great mmvet m the Mediter- 

«ar^ wmmt raising \_ 

ranean Sea. [Ct, emvs^ the south-east wind, 

and hfydfm, a wave^ from i^m9, to dash over.] 
Beropeaa, O^O-pfaa, «4^» helomgimg to Ern'ope,— 

n, a native or inhahifant of Europe, 
■aijlhmi, (hrith.Bi. n. VUL good rhi^km: just pn>- 

portioB or syansetry in anydiing. [Gr. emryth' 
weli nod r y Hu mo s, nwniitd saoCioD.] 

mode of db»i!4L [Gr. 
well, and thammtos, death.] 
. g'vak'tlhit, y.f., to maho w es emni of mp t y ; 
to throw ont the com s n t a of: to d is thai t e : to 


fito,Qk{ ml. Mr: adMi 


ir liM mr from ^^^^. Cra^tUdiiff ; >«.>. 9nt^ 

ited. [L. f, out, «i0c«», mMM/MT, to empty— 

vac9. to be empty.] 
•faeutloa, B*vak-a-i'slnm, #>., metoftm^tyingMUi 

a withdnwias from: tluit whidi is dtscharged. 
•vaewtor, e-valra-At-or, m., m»# wk0 *r>aatatui in 

iSn», ooe iN^ nullifies or makes void. 

■rade, fi-vJUf, v.A^ i!^ /v away from; to Mcape 
artfuUf ; to nTOid cunningly :— >r.>. erftdlng ; 
/«./. Cvid'ed. [L. rrni i fa r, out^ t«M&, to go.] 

evailaa, 6-vfilmn, »., «c/ 4^ roadmg or eluding ; 
an attempt to escape the force oTan argument 
or accusation ; an eatcuse. 

•raslve, 6-¥i'scr, mdif., thai twuks or seeks to 
evade; not straightforward; shufiUng.— «iftr. 
•va'iivtly.— «. efafmnsss. 

IwsiisiMt, evHsn-es'ent, ad/., vmmitkimg; UaUe to 
pass away; fleeting: imperceptible.— <Afo. evan- 
sss^Mlly.— <i. erSMSS^sBse. [L. gvatttsctnt, ^tntit 
— #, and vamtc^t to vanish tmmnt, empty.] 

Bvaaffilk^ B*van-jenk, sfSH<W«"l. 6-van-jenk-al, 
mdt'.t hel9miin£ U,ot consisting of good iuUHgt; 
leuting to die four goq>eb ; according to the 
doctrine of the gospel; maintaining the tmth 
taught in the fonwL— «^. •vaagsllsaBr.— «. 
•faafinsalnssB. [£. n mmg rHau ; Or. emamr' 
gt Uk o 9 o n , well, and amggtUd, to bring news. J 

ffaagsHslai, »van-jen sitm, m., owmmgtlitmi prim^ 

•vaacsHss^ S^van^el-Ii, U mmkt kttgvm tJkt 
good memo; to make aoqmunted with the gospcL 
— v.i to pTttdk the gospri from place to i/hkx: 
— ^^^ Cvan'gellsing; >Sj^. ivan^eUsed. 

Hon, €-van-jei-i-sft'ahun, n., met ^ ru m 
^/iwwy or proclaiming the goq>cL 

siaiiMsi, a-van'jel-^st, n., om wio o vamgoUoes; 
<me of the foor writers of the gospels ; an assist- 
ant of the apostles; ooe authorised to preach. 

■vapoiats^ 6-vi^or*lt. v./., tojly ^in vapour \ to 
pass into an mvisible state. — vA, to convert into 
steam or gas ^-^'^^ Cvap^ortting ; >«.>. Cvap^or- 
Ited. [L. #, ofl7 vmporot -a tw m vafor. vapour.] 

evapecahto, e-vapornk-bl, adj., abk to 00 tvapoT' 
aUd or converted into vapour. 

evapceatlen, 6-vapH)r4l'diun, m., met ^tvapofuHng 
or passing off m steam or gas. 

Ivs^on, BvaMve. See under Ivadsb 

Bv% Cv, Ivn, •v'n, «., Mr/vM^^'ifiU'of the day: 
the night before a day of note; the time just preced- 
ingagieatevent [A.S.if^; I>utch,aMM<^- Ger. 
m o ond , the unking of the dav, from o^, away.1 . 
Mlai; fivnlng, n,, tkt tinkmg of tko day ; the 

dose of the daytime : the decune or end of life. 

ft sn s«an,gv^B-song»ii. the #svMMV^ervice in church, 
so caUed because formerly chanted or stmg. 

•vtB^Ms, «n-CId. m,,tJUttdoor time o/oveniHg. 

Worn, e/n, m4/., ofttal; level ; uniform: parallel; 
equal on both sides ; not odd, able to be divided 
by s without a remainder. [A.S. </Sw; Dutch, 
oven; Ger. «Am— «Amris. to make smooth; allied 
to L. mfmu, equal] aa v. sv'ealy.— «. sv'inniH 
rsB. Cv'n, vJ,, to make even or smooth.— i^/v. 
exactly so ; indeed ; so much as ; stilL 
nB-haa4e«, 8/n-hand-ed, at^., with mm Ofmal, 
frdr, or impartial Jkamd: just. 

evaa-nlndsi, •v'n-mind-ed, m4/., hmitnmg mn even or 
calm mimd; equable. 

Ivenlaff. See under Ive. 

Ivsnik e-vent^, M., 1^1/ mMcA tfMMv Mf/ or happens ; 

. the result ; aoy incident or occurrence. [L. 

evetUmo—evenim—e, out, and veniot to come.] 


•wytf t a-twif Ibol, m4f.»Jiai or fruitful itfepeuts. 
evatoaJ^ ^vent'Q-al, mdj, himpenlng as a conse* 

quence, ultimate or final, ady, svent'aaUy. 

finally ; at length. 

■fw, ev^Ar, ado. lit dmnngmm age : always ; eteiv 
nally ; at any time ; in any degree. [A-S. mfer, 
always ; Ice. ae/i; L. mmm ; Or. aifin, an age.] 

svsigrssa, ev'^-grCn, md/.^ over or always greem.— 
M, a plant that remains green all the jrear. 

evmlastlni^ ev-te-htftlng. adj., lattmg/or ever; 
endless ; perpetual ; eternal.— «. etmity.— «4/r. 

. ev-^HnOi', mdv,, m$ore/ore9er; 
ugly; eternally. 

«i7» ev'te^, mdt,, emck ome ^m nmmber; all taken 
separately. [A-S. ««^, ever, «r^, each.] 

avail «lMi«, eVir-i-hwir, mdv., m evofypimco. 

Bvlsl, tvisMsn. See onderlvtese. 

IfMsm^ evident, md/., that it visiHe vt €mm be 
seen; dear to the mind: obvious.— «i#p. evl- 
dial^, m New Test., vls^. (L. ovideme, 
-■emtto-^, and video, to see.] 

evlAaM^ eVinlens. n,, etmte ^Mmg evident: that 
which makes evideat; proof or testimony; a 
witness.— 9./. to render evident; to prove:— 
/r./. evidencing ; >«.>. ev^idenccd. 

eiidsafelal, ev-i^^shal, m^., ^ — -^^ 
tending to prove.— «i^v. evi 

BvU, rvl, adj. wkJced; bad; mischievous; un- 
fortunate.— «^. in an evil manner: badly.— «, 
that v^iich produces unhappiness or calamity: 
miadiief: hann: wickedness: depravity. [A.S. 
y/el; Dutch, evel; Ger. Mel] See HL 

evU^osr. rvl-dOD-«r, n., one who dooe evil 

eva-eys, f vl-T, m. a supposed power to cause evil 
or harm by the look of the eye. 

•fU-mvoazetesas, fr^vHl'vurd-ness, m. in £., ugli- 
ness, deformity. 

evn-atedad. rvl-mind^ m4f„ tneUnod to evil; 
roalidous; wicked. 

evU-spMking, e'vl-spik-ing, n,, the epemkimg o/evU; 
slander. \oviL 

evIHpscftar, fl'vl-wurk-te, is., one who werke or does 

Brlaos, C-vins', v.t. lit, to eo n q n e t eompleUfy ; to 
prove beyood doubt ; to shew ckauiy ; to make 
evident \—^.P* €vincln|( ; >•>. Cvuioed'. [L. 
evinco'-e, inten., and vmeOf to conquer.] 

evIndbK S-vins^i-bl, a4f', tapaUe of being t w imtti 
or made evident, 'mdv, svtastMy. 

•flnalva, ••vinslv, m/ff'., tend iti g to evince, proves or 

evisi, f-vikt', v.t Ht. to confwtr eompletefy ; to dis- 
possem by law ; to expel from :—>r^. fvicting ; 
/».>. Cvict'ed. 

e v i t ton, e-vik'shun. n,, the met ^evicting from 
house or lands ; tne lawful recovery of lands. 

Bflsearato, e-vis's^r^ v.t., to tomr omt the viecerm 
or bomfeiel—pr.p. CviS'cerlting ; /a.p. Cvis'oer^ 
Ited. [Li /, out, and viieerm, the bowels.]— is. 

Ifoks^ e-vOk', 9.1, io cmU out; to draw o«t or 
faring forth i—pr[p, ivOklng ; /»>. fvOhed'. [L. 
ovoco—o, out, and voeo, 10 calL] 

iMtve, e^volv', v.t., to roll omt or nnroU ; to di» 
dose; to develop; to throw out; le unravel.— 
v.i, to disdose itself :-/r>. evdVing ; M/. 
evolved'. {lj.€voi v o » , out, eis^ to tolL j 

svatsAlen. ev^hlQ'shun, n,, the met ^ w mvl U m g or 
w^bWngi gradtud working out or development; 
a series of tnings unfolded ; In •r^M. and eUg,, 
the extraction of roott : the mJeil| movements 

Otte, Or; mf, her; mine; mMe; mOin; mOBn; Man. 



of a body of troops or of thipt of mr.^a^/. 

wmtMmiA, eT^>l-Q'shuii-ist, «., pnt ikiUed in Ofd' 
ntion* or mflitaiy morements. 

Iraiilaa, fr^ruKshim, n., mjiwckimr fitti bj force. 
[L. 4, oat, and 9*Ua, vmsus, to pluck.] 

Mtn, 11, li. a female sheep. (A.S. tvum; L. #ptf; 
Gr. Pit; Sans, mvi, a sheep.] 

Iwtr, Cf^r, M., a larrtp^ olaced on a wash-stand 
to hold SM/rn [A.S. kwert Fr. migmirw, a 
water vessel, from L. a^im, water.] 

IzaesrteK egs-aS'^bit» vX, U makt mcrid or 
kmrtk; to im bi tte r : to prordce : to render more 
violent or severe^ as a disease :— ^./. exac'erbAt* 
ing ; >«.>. exac'erbftted. [L. exmcerbo, 4xactr- 
haiui—€X, and mctHo, from actrha, bitter. See 

J egs-as-^-bO^shun, sssntrbtsesssg, egz- 
aS'^bes'ens, is. increase of initation or violence, 
eq>. the increase of a fever or disease. 

Bzac% egs<dcl^> a4f' lit. frtued out to a standard 
or measure ; precise ; careful ; punctual : true ; 
certain or demonstrab l e. < i^ r. ssaotlj. — «. «s- 
aet^sML [L. txacim, pa.p. of •x^, to drive 
out, to measure— «r, and tM, to drive, to do.] 

siasli ^z-akt*. v./., to/nxtfrvm; to compel mil 
payment of; to make great demands or to 
demand urgently; to extort.*— v.^ to practise 
extortion :-^^.>. exacting ; /«.>. exact^ 

sxaetloa, ^z-ak'shun, »., tkt met ^ txmctmg m 
demanding strictlv; a leinHmg uqjuMly: an 
op pre ss ive demana; that which is exacted, as 
excessive woric or tribute. 

— , egx-i^^it, v.t, i0 Ara> tt(^: to mag- 
nify unduly ; to represent too strongly i—/r.p, 
exagg'erfttmg; >«.>. exagg'erflted. [L. txmg^ 
/vrv, 4xagnrmtm»—€x, naS mggwp, to hei^ up 
•U * r, aheap. 1 

txa ggsr aU v^ egx-ij'er-ftt-tv, exaggamtOKy, ^miI'^ 
a-tor-i, rn^.t coiUtuning fxaggtmtioH or tending 
to exaggerate* 

exacprattoa, egs^-^-ft'shun, n.,ihsaet ^kta^ing 
«>; extravagant representation ; a statement m 
excess of the truth. 

Ixall» e^s^i«^, v./., t» ruiu very kit^ ; to elevate 
to a hi^er position : to elate or fill with the joy 
of success: to praise or extol: in eketm., to 
refine or subtilise:—^./, exalting; >&/. ex- 
alt'ed.— 4V. Skatirstesss. ]L.€xalt» tXt»ndmlha, 
grown great br nouriuiing, high, fin>m aU, to 
nourish ; Gr. ahka. to cause to grow.] 

STsiUtJoB, ^[z-awltrJl'shun, M., tkeactofuealiing: 
elevation m rank or dignity ; high estate. 

FTSSrtnt^ egs-amin, v.i., lit to test by a balance; 
to test ; to scrutmise ; to inquire into ; to ques- 
tion :— i^J^. examining ; >«./. examined. [L. 
gxamun, the tongue of a balance.] 

sxaalaallea, ^z-am-i-nft'shun^ «., act of examine- 
mg: caruul search or inquiry; triaL 

exaatatf, ^x«m1n-te, m., erne ntjte exmrninet,^-9m'jfl,n., tkai wkicMii taken eut a* a 
eam^le or necunen of the rest, or as an illustra- 
tion of a ruMt, ftc. : the person or thing to be imi- 
tiued or avoided; a pattern; a warning: a for- 
mer instance; a precedent. [L. exemplum — 
4xime, to take out— #jr, out of, and erne, to take.] 

szamplar, cgs-em'plar. n.,aH txampU; a person or 
thing to be imitated; the ideal modd of an artist 

STsmpisty, egs'em-plar>i, adj., eewmg/er an ex- 
em^r or examMe; worthy of imitation or 
BOtiea: wwni»M»Miam<» . - -■— — ' " — •*— 


•xnipiuy,egx-ein'pli-fl,v./., toghe as an example z 
to illustrate by example : to make an attested 
copy of; to prove by an attested copy:— /r.>. 
emm'plifying ; pa.p. exem'plified. [L exemp-> 
lam, 9xA./acio, to do or make.] 

sstBpHflaaMoa, c»-em-pU-fi-k&'shuxK «., act of ex» 
empli^jntig; that which exemplifies; a copy or 

IxaipsnH tgii-ufykt'lit v.t.^ to make very rongk. 
or angry ; to imtate in a high degree ; to imbit- 
ter:—/)';^./. exasi'periLting ; /«.>. exai^po^ted. 
[L. eXf intensive, and as^erot to make rough— 
a^er, rough.] 

exaivsrallsa, ^z-as-pte-I'shun, n,f act ofexas/er- 
ating <Mr irritating : state of being exauperated : 
provocation; rage; aggravatioiL. 

Knavats, ekslca-vlt, v./., to make a cavity in, ta 
koUow or scoop out \—pr.p, ex'cavlting ; pa^. 
ex'cavflted. (Li oxcavo—ex, out, Mcntf, hollow.] 

sxeavatten, eks-ka-vft'shun, «., itct ^excavating: 
a hollow or cavity made by excavating. 

sxeavalor, ckslca^vft-tor, m., one wko excavates, 

Ixossd, eks-sM", 9./., to go beyond the limit or 
measure of; to surpass or exceL— sr.i to go 
beyond a given or oroper limit :—r|^./. exceea- 
ing; /«./. exceed'ed. [L. ex, 6e]^d, ceda^ 
eessum, to go.] 

exessdiac (obs.), exessdlHly. eks-s&Tuig-li, adv,, im 
em exceeding degree ; very much ; gready. 

exessi^ eks-ser, n,, state ^ exceeimg; a going 
beyond what is usuaL or pnqter; intemper- 
ance : that whidk exceeds; the degree by md& 
one thine ex c e ed s another. 

ssessrfva, eks-seslv, adj., sketmig excess ; beyond 
the ordinary or any paLfticuIar d^ree, or limit ; 
beyond what is right and proper: immoderate; 
violent — €idv, sxossilvSly. — n, sxBMstvsasw. 

Kxeel, eks-seK, v./., to rise beyond; to exceed ; to 
surpass.— v.*;. to have good qualities in a lugh 
decree; to perform very meritorious actions: 
to be superior :-/r>. excelling ; >a.>. excelled'. 
[L. excelle—ex, out up* luid a root ceUe, samo 
as Gr. Af/iSi, to drive, to urge.] 

e m s lkiit ^ ek'sel-lent adj, excelling; surpassing 
others in some /pood quality; of^great virtue, 
worth,&c. ; superior ; valuable.— m/v. sz'osDMiUy. 
[L. excelletu, -entis— excelled 

e x cs n s B cs, dc'sel-lens, exeSDaaey, ek'sel-len-s!, «., 
state or quality ^ being excellent; great merit: 
anv excellent quality ; worth ; greatness : a title 
of honour given to persons high m rank or office. 

^xospi ek-sept*, v.t., to take or leave out; to ex- 
clude. — v,t, to object:— /r.>. excepting ; /a./, 
except'ed. (I^. oxcipio, ejxept$im—ex, out, and 
a^to, to take.] 

eaospl^ek-sept', ensptlai; ek-sepdng, prtp.,leaving 
out; excluding: but 

sxesvtfoa. ek-se^shun, »., act ^ excepting: that 
whidi is excepted : exclusion ; ol^ectlon ; offence. 

exn spUaaa h liL ek-sep'shnn-apbl, adj,, liable to ex* 
ception; objectionable. 

svnsiitlsaal, ek-sei/shun.«l, adj., Jbrming an ex- 
ception; peculiar. 

exoqptlvi^ dc-eept'tv, adj., including, making, or 
being an exception. 

exoflptor, ek-sept'or, n,, one tuko excepts or objects. 

Bxoarpt ek-s^ipt', n, a passage picked out or se- 
lected from a book, an extract [L. excet^tutn, 
pa.p. ciex c e tp o e x , out and catpo, to pidc] 
essdvs, ftc. SeegxaM<L 
flrs-chanf, v,t,, to ckmttgijrom one to 


fiUtt,fllr! mibhir; mine; mOto; mOte; aiOOa; Il4en. 


•nodier; to give or kave one place or thing for 
another; to giro and take mutually; to barter. 
[Fr. ichatigtr--tx, firom, and root of Ghaage.] 

•nhaafi^ eks-d^U^', «•., met of txtJuutgituf or of 
giving;^ and taking one thing for another ; barter : 
toe tlung eacdiaaged ; process by which accounts 
between distant parties are settled by bills instead 
of money ; the difference between the value of 
money in different places ; the place where mer- 
chants, && meet for business. 

eaMkaageahIa, eksK:hftnya-bl, adj.^ ca^U of Mug 
exchangtd. — n, •M/dbMatmhunf. 

OTBhMjw; eks-chii^'te, m,, ctu who txcka$tga or 
practises exchange : in ^., a money-changer, a 

ladMqiMr, eks-diek'te, «•. a superior court which 
had formerly to do onlv with the revenue, but 
now also with common law, so named from the 
ehtcktrtd doth which formerly covered the table, 
and on v^iich the accounts were reckoned. — v.t. 
to proce ed against a person in the court of ex- 
chequen— :^./.excheq'uering;/a./.excheq'uered. 
[from root of Okeek, dteekv.] 

bdMi, eks-ftis', «•. lit a part cut 0^; a tax on cer- 
tain home commodities and on licoices for certain 
trades. — v.t. to subject to excise duty \—fr.p, ex- 
cising ; /a./, excised'. [L. txddo, txcisus—€x, 
off, and £mS9, to cut] 

OTiiswian, eks-sl/man, m., tut qjfficer charged with 
collecting the txcis*. 

aldoa, ek-sish'ttn, «•.. a cutUHgaut or off^tcoif 
kind; extirpation; destruction. 

Bseite, ek-fltf, v./., U coil or make to move out or 
/ortAf to caU into activity ; to stir up ; to rouse ; 
to imtate :— >n>. exclt^g ; /a./, exclt'ed. — «• 
exdt'er. [L. tx. out, and root of Olte.] 

•adtabie, ek-slt'apbl, odgr'., ctipabU ^ M>i£, or 
easily txeiUtL—n, naJ UM t iif. 

tntHaalt ek-slt'ant, or elc', m., tMat wkieA excife* or 
rouses the vital activity of the body; a stimulant 

exdtatiea, ek-sIt'Apshun, m,, det ^excitimg. 

•xeltaftlvt^ ek-ilt'a-tiv, ezdtatoty, ek-tf t'a-tor-i, adj., 
tending to excite, 

•Mit w wt , ek-tft'ment^ n.j met 0/ exciting: state 
of being excited ; agitation: tmU ^N^ch excites. 

gtelalm, eks-kllm', v.i., to cry out; to utter or 
speak vehemently ^— >v^/. exdaim'ing; >«.>. ex- 
daimed*. (I* ex, out,u:/«mtf, to shout] 

OTrtswittwi, eks-kla-mfl'diun, «., act ofexclaimiMj^; 
vehement utterance ; outcry : that which is cned 
out ; an uttered expresuon of surprise, and the 
like; tbemariceicpressingthisC I); an interjection. 

•xdaoatocy, eks-klam'a-tor-i, a4j., containing or 
expressing exciatttation, 

Bsetade, eks-klCOd', v./., to close or shut out; 
to tlurust out; to hinder from entrance: to 
hihder from participation; to except:—^./, 
exclQdlng ; /a./, exdOd'ed. (L. exclu d e e x, 
out and claudoy to shut] 

escMoa, dcs-klOO'shun, «., act 0/ excluding; a 
shutting or putting out ; ejection ; exception. 

exrtartoaiit^ elu-klOashun-tst. n, , one who excludes » 
or would exclude another from a privilege. 

taelMlve, eka-kllR/siv, adi., excluding; able or 
tending to exclude: debarring from participa- 
tion; sde; not taking into account-^, one of 
a numbor who exclude others from their society. 
—adv. tocda'dvely.— «• «stfa'slv«B«B. 

&uogttat«. eks-kojl-tftt, v./., U cogitate or think 
out; to discover by thinking. IL. ex, out, and 


t«oo(itatloa, eks-koj-i-ta'shun, n., act 0/ excogitate 
ing; invention; contrivance. 

Ixeomaraaleate, eks-kom-mOnl-klt, v.t.,to/ut out 
0/ or expel from the cemmunion of uie church ; 
to deprive of church privil^es. [L. ex, out of, 
and oomsnuleata.1 

OTwwnmwninattoii, ek»-kom-man>i;kA'shun, n., act 
^ excommmmating or expelling from the com- 
munion of a church. 

Bxeeclate^ eks-ko'ri-at, v.t. to strip the ekinfinoml 
—fr.f. excO'riflting; >a./. excO'riftted. [I^ ex* 
corio, excoriatu9—ex, from, cerium, the skin.] 

BxertBWl. See under Maw s t s. 

BxcrsseMfli^ eks-kre^ens, n., that which grovm 
out unnaturally frt>m anything else; an out- 
break; a wart or tumour; a superfluous part. 
[L. excmco—ex, out, and creeco, to grow.] 

asensenik eks*kres^ent, a<^'., growing out ; super- 

gx c r sls^ eks-krCt", v.t., to eeparate from, or dis- 
charge; to eject:— ^.>. excrillng; Pa.p. e» 
crCt'ed. [L. ex, from, and cern0, cretut, to 

•serellea, cks-kr6'shun, «., act ^excreting matter 
from the animal system ; that which is excreted* 

•xertttve, eks-krCtiv, a4j*% able to excrete. 

ezeretoiy, eks^krCtor-i, aty.t having the quality of 
excreting. — n. a duct or vessel that helps to 
receive and excrete matter. 

txerement^ ekslcr^ment, n,,^that which if ex- 
creted; useless matter dischar^ied from the 
animal system ; dung.— ^a<(f . •xeremeaf sL []L>. 
excrementum—excemo, excretus.] 

exCTeasnttHeas, eks-kr6-men-tish'i», adj., ^ertain^ 
ing to, consisting of, or containing excrement, 

Ixaraelate, eks-krOO'shi-ftt, v.t., to torture as if on 
a cro**; to rack:— ^.>. excrQ'cUtbg; ^.>. 
excrfk'ciAted. [L. ex, out, and crucio, cructatus, 
to crucify— craur, crude, a cross.] 

exoraelation, eks-krOD^hi-ft'shun, «., act ^ excn^ 
dating; torture; vexation. 

Bxevlpals, eks-kul'pftt, v.t. to dear Jrom the 
charge of ayb»//orcrime ; to absolve ; to vindi- 
cate '."-ifr.p. excul'pJUing ;/».>. excuKp&ted. [L. 
exculpo, exculpatue—ex, from, CMZ/a, a fault.] 

•zni^atloa,eks*kul*pft'shun, n., act tif exculpating 
or excusing. 

azealpatosy, eks-kuTpa-tor-i, adj., exculpating or 
freeing from the chaige of famt or crime. 

Izevrdoa, eks-kui'shun, n.^ lit, a running out; a 
going forth ; an expedition ; a trip for pleasure 
or health : a wandering from the main subject ; 
a digression. [L. excursio—ex, out, and curro, 
curtum, to run.] 

•xeardoalit, eks-kur'shun-ist, m., one who gees on 
an excurnon or pleasure-trip. 

•xeonlva, eks-kur'siy, af^., prone to mahe excur- 
done; rambling; deviating.— «/v. eseu'dvely. — 

eks-kfls', v.t. lit. to free from a cause ot 
accusation; to free from blame or guilt; to 
forgive : to free from an obligation ; to release : 
to make an apology or ask pardon for '.—Pr.p, 
excising; Pa.p. excQsed'. [I* excuse— ^x, from, 
causor. to plead— ^oaua, a cause, an accusation. 

taeass^ eks-kO^, n., that which excuses; a plea 
offered in extenuation of a fault 

exeasabto, eks-kOx'a-bl, adj., worthy ^ being 
excused; admitting of justification. 
i c as a t ocy , eks-kQz'a-tor-i, a4f; making or ooo- 
taJaaing excuse. 

lunking. [L. ex, out, and i io iBS l o r y , eks-kOra-tor-i, 

I taining excuse, 

fiUe, filr; m^h6r; mliM; mOie; mQte; mODo; thvau 



IzMraH eks'e.krftt, v.i, lit. ta •xehuUfimm nkmi 
is sacred I to cuxie ; to denounce evil against ; 
to detest utterly >->r.>. cx'ScrAting :>*•>• ««'•- 
crated. rU txstcrwr, exueratuit to curse— ^jr, 
from, and stKer, sacred.] 

•zecratloa, eks-«-krS'&hun, n..a£t ^txecrattMgl 
a curse pronounced : that waich is execrated. 

tzMrabla. eks'e-krabl, o^f.. deserving U bt txt- 
cmt*d; detestable ; accursed.— a</n tac'ecrably. 

SzwvU. eks'e-kQt, v.t, lit. UUlUm^ui to the end; 
to complete; to give effect to: to carry into 
effect the sentence of the law ; to put to death 
by law:— /r.>. ex'CcQtioff ; /«J». «z'6cOted.-H«. 
eac'ecnter. [Fr. «jnAw/!rr; X. exstpur^ txuaUus 
—or, out, and »*pi0r, to follow.] 

•SMvtIea, eks-e-kcrshnn. «, mci ^ extcmHnt or 
performing ; aocom|diwnwnt ; completion : cany- 
tng into effect the sentence of acourt of kw : the 
warrant for so doins. 

ez«mtl«Mir. eks-«-ka'&un-«r, m., 9H4 who exteuies, 
esp^ one who inflicts capital punishment. 

«EM«ttv^ egt-«ietl-tiv, adj., ihmi €xecuU*l de- 
signed or fitted to execute; activo: qualifying 
for or pertaining to the execution of ue law.— 
adm. esM^ttvely. [Fr. exeenti/.] 

•Meakive. egt-ek'O-tiv, «. the power or authority 
in goTemment that carries tne laws into effect ; 
the persons who edminisler the government. 

ezMvtor, egi-ek^-tor, m,, tnt who tx*eutes or per- 
forms : the person appointed to see a will earned 
into effect. -3^Mi. •zee'vtHa.-~«s. esM^vkorsklp. 

•Mcntety, egs-ek'a-tor^, mdf., extcuHng official 
duties ; designed to be carried bto effect 

txeqvlM, eks'e-kwis, n.pi, tkgjolknmng a corpse: 
a funeral procesdoo ; ttie ceremonies of buriaL 
[L. tx s tf ui m t x, out, Btfrnr, to follow.] 

Bxegwli, eks-e-je'sis, »., a Uadimgot bringing «m# 
of the meaning, exposition ; the sdcmce of mter* 
preution, esp. of tlie S cri pt ur es. [Gr. txigitis 
~-exig9ama»—€X, out, klg9^$$uti-4ig», to lead.] 

UMfrtk, eks^jetOk, eufslleal, elcs-«-Jertic^ adf., 
^ertainmg U exegesis; explanatory.— «<lEr. 
•zagtHsaOy.— W.MHV. essfsllsi^ the idenco of | 

Ezsaplar, Bsenplaiy, anmpiuy, ftc. See under 

EzMapt, egs-emt', v.i.tte hty or take c$d: to free, or 
grant immunity from \—pr,p, exempting ; >».>. 
exempt'ed.— A^f. taken out; not liable to; re- 
leased. [L. exim0, exemptus—ext out, and emo, 
to take, to buy.] 

•XMBptloa, egs-em'shun, n,, m^ of exompHng: 
state of being exempt ; freedom from any service, 
duty, &C.; immunity. [L. exemption 

Cxeqalsi. See under Saseste. 

Sxerdss, eks'ftr-sTs, v.L lit to driwe omi ot uk 
enclosure, U driroom: to set in action : to train 
byuse; to improve by practice : toafflict: to pot 
in practice ; to use :—/r^. ex'ercIsing:>A>. ex^ 
died. [L. exe txe e x, out, and arceo, to drive.] 

ezarelss, eks'ir-sTB, is., aei ^exercising; a setting 
in action ; a putting in practice : exertion of the 
body for health or amusement; disc^^ine; a 
lesson or task. 

Sxan» cgt-Art", v.i., io thrust out; to bring into 
active operation : to do or perform i-^Pr.O. exert*- 
ing ; /a./, exert'ed. [L. exsero, ex setium e x , 
out, and sere, to join.] 

exMtloa. egi-^shun, H.f act ofexerHmg; a bring- 
ing into active opoatioa ; raort ; attenqpt 

Exfoliate, ek>-(Vli-At, v.i, lit U strip off in hmooo; 

\.va,io ssrtf pff »m jo m oe e ; exifoei^ eu 
flUe, Or; mC, hte; mlno; mote; mllte; 


to coma off in scales v-pr.p. exft1ifltin|[; >«^ 
exHsliJUed. [!<. ex/olio, ejm> l i atv o e x, m, and 
/elium, a leaX>— «. exfoUa'tlaa. 

Ixhale, ega-hftl', 9.t., to hreathe out ; to emit or send 
out, as vapour ; to evaporate.— «.t. to rise or be 
given off, as vapour :— >r>. exhll'ing ; >«./. ex- 
hlled'. [I* «jr, out, kaio, haiatus, to ureathe.] 

ethslst l en , egs-biO-A'shua, a., met or process ^ 
exhuiiMg; evaporation : that which is exhaled;; 
vapour; steam. (L. ex hm lmt io.} 

Bxkanst, egs-haust', v.t., I# ilrww #w/ the whole of; 
to use the whole strength of; to wear or tire out : 
to treat oioe develop oomj^etely ^->r/. exhaust'- 
ing:>a.>.exhaust'ed. {L. exhauhe, oxhaustut 
—ox, out, and hastrio, to draw.] 

wh— rt e i, Mfs.haust'ed, 4n(/^ drmmomt; emptied ; 
consumed; tired out 

exkanilv. egs-haust'ir, «., ho who or thai which 

oSkomMMm, ega-hanst^-bU a^., thmi tm^ he ex- 

eThsMtt aa, ega-haustryun, n,, etci ^ exhausting, 
or consuming: state of being exhausted; extreme 

exhaarttve^ egs-haustlv. a^/., temdimg to exhaust, 

e rh s Mtki mi egs-haustles, a4j,, thai camtot bo 
e x h au s te d, 

BzhlMI^ egz-hib^t, v.t., to hoUJorth er present to 
riew: topresentformaUyorpublidy:— ^.>. esv- 
hibating ;>>.>. exhibited, [h. exhiieo, exhiH- 
tutu— ex, out, haSeo, hahiium, to have or hokt] 

exhlMter, exhibitor,, egs-hiblt-ir, «., ee$o who ex- 

ezhlMtlflii, eks-hUbish'un, «., act ^exhibiting; 
presentation to view ; display ; a puUic show, 
enx, of works of art, manufactures, &c. : that 
which is exhibited: an allowance or bounty to 
schoUrs in a tmiverrity. (L. exhibitio.) 

exlUMtloaer, eks-hi-bish'un-^, n,, one who enjoyt 
an exhihUion or benefiaiction. 

ttldbltoiy, ega-hibltHur-i. adj., oxhibiHng, 

BxhUaiate, egs-hil'a-rit, v.t. to make hiiariom or 
merry ; to enliven ; to cheer i—Or.p. exhilarat- 
ing ; pa.p. exhiKarited. ^L. exkiiaro, exhiiar- 
eUuo—ox, Intensive, hiiant, cheerfuL] 

erhllsratJBfc ega-hiraprftt-ing, adj., mahSngmeny; 
cheering ; gladdening. — adv, exMl'aiatln^. 

O Thpsrant , egs-hil'a-rant a<^*., exhilarating; ex- 
citing joy, mirth, or pleasure. 

erMlaiatloB, egs-hil-a-ra'shun, n,, act ^ exhila- 
rating or making cheerful : state of oeing ex- 
hilarated ; joyousness ; gladness. 

BxhsH, ^a-hort', v,t., to urge stromgfy to good 
deeds, esp. by words or advice ; to animate ; to 
advise or warn:— >r.>. exhoit^g; Pa.p, ex- 
hort'ed. [L. exhortor, exhortatus—ox, inten- 
sive, and horior, to urge.] 

•xhertatlsa, eks-hor-tl'shun, n., act or practice 
0/ exhorting to laudable deeds; language in- 
tended to euort : counseL [L. exhortatto.] 

•xhortallvej egs-hor'ta-tiv, exhorkatory, ^s-hor'tai- 
tor-i, M(f., tending to exhort or advise, 

Exhamo, eks-hfim', v.t, to take out 0/ tho ground, 
or pUce of buria! ; to disinter i—Pr.p. exhOmlng; 
/«./. exhOmed'. [L.#jr,outof,AMwa»,thegrtnind.] 

e rhaw t ttoa . dcs-hO-ml'shun, ft, act o/exhusmng; 

Bxlgoat, eksl-jent, eutj., exacting or driving out; 
demanding immediate attention (Mr action ; ivesa- 
ing. [L. exi^ens—oxige—ox, out, ago, to drive.] 

exlffoet^ eks^jens, exlfney, eksl-jen-fii, n,, state 

vrgcAi nntat on 
■UK. (kl^ 

iaiaili:—fr.f.tMaa:/a./.wJtiaA, Ifr.tiH 

BnE of, and mutm, toil, kad : at MCA not W b 
ltd, ■ icai, ud ibiu = out who ia oul of tiu aut.] 
■iM in-iif, (JL liu t« ii!<Htf »t; to tun u 
ActiuT being ; to livv ; to £en(iAU4 to be i—fr.p. 

taS^imtm, cH<iit'cBf, ■., jiatt o/axutimg or belnf -, 
cuniinueH beinp ; life ; uylhioE that uuu ; ■ 

MM, dafll, ■. lit. ji< /w> Mt<, oHf . i dinetiaa ia 
pbty^boeks to u actor to lo off tba tiafo ; iha 
departure af ■ plavar from tbo n*cv ^ asf d«- 
paitiin : « vm* of oenflim -. ■ puun f>ut ; a 
quiliinEofthaworkl'iMiiai,orl)fa; doalh. [L. 

bock of tba Old T« _ _ 

[L. ; Or. mrfiT *J, But, and 4ialH, a Wly.] 
'at balongiaf to Ibc | 

u-, out, iiiii t i, ID bind by as oath 

, _'qMUa>, ■., «« 4/: 

pelliiif oril jpinti brcejtain i,^uuwu«» l"< 

uit iMttviMt cjnlcwU to oimol onl hiiriti 

bradimtiDi*, [Fi. wnute; Gi.uvrtu(/iJ 

Inatlna, ^a^i-di-Dm, >. liL M< •»/ «^ ■ m<, 

jMf bt fiiu i i mg; the bmidiiclorr put of a di» 

ant41a^ ea>-o^d^ adj., '/irlitiitiiig it til unr- 


» or body; iha 

"■«* ogMTdt, ai/., tulmarJ; intrt 

a forenn counlij.-^ ui)tliin| of &ni(n onjin ; 

Ac lOr. Mi(^"j<. mtwdT' " * '' ** 
— lal, (ti-ot^iksJ, #4t niu aa mlU 
Vfat. efctpand' e.t., tm tfnad nlj ta opea ar 

lajopen; to CDUtrfq IB bulk or aurfact. — o.f, to 

becoDH opened ; to enlaj^ i—^.f^ eapand'iag ; 

ta^p. ejcpanifed, [L. *x*asCi9 — '■«» out, aad 

fnda, >#iv*tf, to wont&.\ 
npaw, eta-paaa', ■., Ikal wUeh it II 

urpaaaUili. ek»i»i-i!-U m^., «yaUr tf Umg 
rxfaiu/td or axlended.— «. aiiaaAiniT.— sAi. 

•apaailoii, olu-pui'ihun, •., met ^ iipaMilHti 
wale af babig aipuidcd i diU^tBiaBt : that 
which '-a eipaodod ; i nup aaiity, 

«» l aka-pan'iii, uM mill n tawAw A 

IXM^! •ideir aatendad ; diffiuln.— sA. aa- 

bpaMato. aka-pt'ihJ-lt, r.i. liL to wasder tnl f/ 
r^ r^M or coune ^ to range at liu[e i tocn!aj|e 
ill dlicoano, arfuoMot, or wrtliDi ^—fr.*. ca- 
pt'lilliag; yi^y. axpi'titted. [L. ixifmliir, ix- 

^aWitlB^ (kf^-ibM'ahiu, *., lul '^ixfrnhai- 

IipalTlaK clu^'til-lt, V.I. to Kod ml 4/'onc'a 

^fj^f^H^oraatiTe country; to buiiih or eailo : 
^^^. •ipl'trillijlgi /a>. oipl'arilted. It, rx, 
out ol. Mirin, fatheHin J-^^<r, a bther.] 

■naMailiB, eka-pi-lri-i'ihuii, ■., ml i/ufaMal- 
tfig; exile, toluotary ar compulsory- 

tiftiit,^k*^if.v.l.,UlMtrxl/iiri toniiror; 


■qnotaao^ eWpckt'acu, miiilaiiij, du-pekt^n- 
ai, «., lul or tIaJr f/ urfMliite I that vhicli to 
capected: hope. 

iirMa^ alo-pekfant, A^., ixfitUmt! looUiw 


or nltliu for Kme boncBt. 
% (ka-pdi-U'ihua, *., mil < 
^, or of loakiDi forwtrd to 
; pnapecl of Amm jrood '' 
d: iba pomid or quaBtia 
jcneflia or accUaiK* 1 ^ 
ilbing capected. 
It, dii-pckl^iiic-ll, mh; 

thut which to 

n,la. Saa imdar >i|aiWii 

Ol*. ttri B^ UriiBiBf I non 1 1 


■sptdita, eki^p^lt, vJ, lit. tajfti Ikifui from a 
snare ; to 6tc from impedimeats ; to hasten ; to 
send forth.— A^'. £ree from impe^ment ; quick ; 
prompt.— 04^. •z'pedtUly. [L. txpediOt €x^ 
dit$ui-—ex, out, and /er, P^du. a foot] 

•xpsdtttaB, eks-p&dish^un, n., tJU fualiiy o/heinf 
txpediU or speedy ; speed : any undertaJung by 
a number of persons ; a hostile march or voyage : 
those who form an enedition. (L. txpeditio.\ 

•spsdlttovs, elcs-p«-dish us, udj., ckaraeUrised by 
expediticH or rapidity; spMoy; prompt— «/tr. 

•iqMi«at» eks>i>Cdi-ent, adj.^ exPuUtu^^ or hasten- 
mg forward ; tending to promote an object ; suit- 
able : advisable— «.mat which serves to promote ; 
means suitable to an end; contrivance.— «/tr. 
tspa^dUatly. [L. expedient— ^xpedw.^ 

•zpsdlMMs, eks-pC'di-eniL sa^sdlsBey. ex-pSMi-en-si, 
n., state or quality o/hemg exp^UetU; fitness; 
desirableness: self-interest 

Szptl, eks-peK, v.t,, to drive outjrom or cut off 
connection with a society; to banish:— >r/. 
vxf^vDug ; >«./. expelled'. [L. expello, exptdtus 
— ex, out^ woApello^ to drive.] 

axpalstoa. eks-purshun, m., act ^ej^lling: state 
of being expelled ; banishment iL. exptdsioJ] 

•xpolslvs^ eks-puf siv, a4/'» able or serving to expel, 

SI9SB4, eks-pend', vJ, lit te weigh out; to lay 
out; to employ or consume in any way; to 
q>end i—pr.p. expending ; >«>. expend'ed PL. 
expende—ext out, and pemdo^penstmit to weigh.] 

•zp«nditars, elcs-pend'i-tOr. m., etct of expending or 
laying out; that which is expended; money 

•xpeass, eks-penlt^ «•., the etct or habit of expend- 
ing: that which is expended ; outlay; cost 

txpanslvs, eks-pen'av, adj., canting or requiring 
muchexpenu; extravagant— oov. txpiarslvsly. 
— n, txpsa'dT 

I^eilaBos, eks-pfl'ri-ens, m.. th&rough trial of; 

Eractical acquaintance with any matter, gained 
y trial : repeated trial ; lon^ and varied ol»er^ 
vation, persraal or general : wisdom derived from 
the changes and trials of life. — v.t. to make trial 
of, or practical acquaintance with ; to prove or 
know by use; to suffer :-^/r.^. experiencing; 
/«.>. expS'rienced. [L. exPeruntiay^ from expe' 
rief^—ex, intensive, and old verb /rrw^ to try.] 

•xpeilaiiesA. eks-pC^ri-enst, «i(f., taught by expm- 
M^y; skilful; wise. ^ 

•xpsr l asa ^ eks-pei'i-ment, n,, a trial; somethmg 
done to prove some theory, or to discover some- 
thing unknown. — v.i, to make an experiment or 
trial ; to search by trial \—pr.p. exper'imenting ; 
>a.>. experimented. [L. experimentum, from 

•xpnlmsutal, eks-per-i-ment'al, at^.. Pertaining to 
experiment; founded^ on or known by experi- 
ment ; taught by experiment or experience. — adv. 

sxpsrimantaHst, eks-per-i-ment'al-ist, sxp srl sMB t ls t , 
eks-perl-ment-ist »>(M(rtM4«makesrjB/rrMi«ri»/!r. 

sxptit, eks*p6rt', a4J.* experienced; Uught by 
practice; naving a uuniluur kaowled^: naving 
a facility of performance ; skilful, adroit— «k one 
who is expert or skilled in any art or science ; a 
scientific or professional witness. — adv. expotly. 
— H. sxpert'ttMB. [L. expertnt—experiorJ] 

Expiate, eks'pi-ftt, v.t, to annul guilt by subse- 
quent acts of piety or self-sacnfice ; to make 
complete atonement for ; to make satisfaction or 
reparation for x—pr.p. ex'pilting ; Pa.p. ex'piftted. 


[L. expia, expiatut—ex, intensva, and pie, to 
appease, at<me tot— pint, pious.] 

•xplabls, eks'pi-a-bl, adj., caPabU of being ex- 
piated, atoned for, or done away. 

•iViatloa, eks-pi-ft'shun, «., €tct of expiating or 
atoning for : the means by which atonement ii 
made : atonement [L. expiatio.l 

•plater, eks'pi-A-tor, n., one who expiatet. 

•xplatofy, ekrin-2-tor^i, *ulj., having the power to 
make expiation or atonement 

Expire^ eks-pTr', v.t., to breathe ouif to emit or 
throw out from the lungs: to emit in minute 
particles. — v.i. to breathe out the breath or life ; 
to die ; to come to an end \—pr.p. expiring ; 
Pa.p. expired'. [L. ex, out, iaA ^iro, to 

• gp l r a Ws ^ eks-plt'apbl, a4f» that may expire or 
come to an end. 

aapt rat lea, eks-pi-rft'shun, «, tut o/ex^rinjg; a 
breathing out; death; end: that which u ex- 
pired ; exhalation. [L. ext^iratio.] 

szplratoiy, eks-prra-toi^i, adj., pertaiftmg to ex* 
piration, or the emission of Uie breath. 

eavlTt eks'pli^i, n* the end or termination ; ex- 

Ixplala, dcs-pIOn'. v.i. orig. to tpread out flat, or 
make plain or flat : to make plain or intelligible ; 
to untold and illustrate the meaning of; to ex- 
pound >-^^. explain'ing; pfL.p. emlained'. [L. 
expUuta—ex, out, pUmo—pla»tut, plain.] 

OTpla iw abto , eks-pULfTa-bl, adj., capable of being 
explained or cleared up. 

s up la n a tl e n, eks-i^-nl'shim, n. , act of explaining 
or clearing from obscurity: uut whidi explains 
or dears up ; the meaning or sense given to any- 
thing : a mutual clearing up of matters. 

STpIsBstftty, eks-plan'a-tor-i, adj., terving to #4> 
plain or dear up ; containing explanations. 

liplsttva, eks'ple-tsv. adj.. filling out; added for 
ornament or merely to nU up. — n. a word or syl-* 
lable inserted for ornament or to fill up a vacancy. 
[L. expletivut—ex, o\iX,Meo, to fiU.] 

explstory, ekai'ple-tor-i, atff., terving to fill up; 

Isplieato, ek/pli-kAt, v.t., to fold out or unfold; 

to lay open or explain the meaning ot:~-pr.p. 

ex'pbdltmg ; Pa^. ex'pliclted. [L. explico^ ex- 

phcatut or expltcitut—ex, out, piico, to fold.] 
•xpl te a Us t ek^pu-ka-bl, o^N capable of being eX' 

plicated, or exp4ained. [u, explicaSilit.} 
•xplkattoa, eks-pJi-kft'shun, n., act of explicating 

or explaining ; explanation. [L. explicatto.\ 
•zplieattva, elu^pU-kft-tiv, explleafeofy, eks'pli-kil- 

tor-i, adj., tervit^ to explicate or explain. 
axpHdt, ek8H>lislt, adj., unfolded, or explained : 

not implied merely, but distinctly stated : plain 

in language ; clear : unreserved.— Wv. sxpUettly. 

— n. •xpUe'ltBMB. [L. expiicitut, from explico.^ 

Bxpte^a^ eks-plOd', v.t. orig. to drive an actor^^mwr 
the stage hy clapping^ q/ha»ult^ &a ; to drive out 
with violence and noise ; to bring into disrepute, 
and reject — v.i. to burst with a loud report : — 
pr.p. exploding; pa.p. explOd'ed. [L. explodo 
—ex, otU, and plaudo, to dap the hands.] 

azploaloa, eks-plO'zhun, n., act of exploding; a 
sudden violent burst with a loud report. 

azploalfe, eks-plO'siv, adj.^ liable to or causing ex- 
plosion ; bursting out with violence and noise. — 
adv. txplo'dvaly. 

Bxplottt eks-ploit', n. lit something tmfblded or 
openly done ; a deed or achievement, esp. a 


ftt^ fir; mCyhte; mine; mOCe; mlUe; mOOn; Men. 


heroic one ; a feat [Fr. exploU-^ tx^kitmnC^ 

Bcploff«, eks-pIOK, v.t. lit to search out with much 
cmUm£ or inquiry ; to search through for the pui^ 
pose of discovery ; to examine thoroughly :— 
>r./. explOf^g : /a.>. explored'. [L. MXpUro 
expUraht»—4x, out, vad/lffrOf to cry.] 

•sptorsr, eka-pIOc'er, m., ^tte who explort*, 

•spkorattoD, ek»-plO-r&'shun, n., act tff es^hrlttg, 
or searching thoroughly. [L. ex^hraiioJ\ 

txploratorj, eks-plOr'a-tor-i, o^'., zttvittg to tX' 
M^rt; searching out 

liptoslon, &C. See under BipMe. 

ggpoasat^ dcs-pO'nent^ n. that which >ib^/ or «r/v 
0mi; he or that which points out, or represents; 
in alf.t a figure which shews how often a quan- 
tity is to be multiplied by itself, as «> ; an index. 
[L. gxfi0iu>u—€x, out. and/M^, to place.] 

eatpcBWiMsl, eks-pO-nen'shal, mdj» in alg., pcriaii^ 
i$tg to or involving gxponontt, 

elcs-pOrt', v./., to carry or tend out of a 

country, as goods in commerce \—Pr.p. expOrt** 
ing ; ta.p. expflrt'ed. — n. sxporfsr. (L. cxporio 
-^jr, out of, and>0nb, to carry.^ See Poet. 

•sport, eks'pOrt, m., act of txporttng: that which 
IS exported : a commodity which^ is or may be 
tent from one country to another, in traffic. 

aiportaWo^ eka-pOrt'a-bl, adj., thai may be ««w 

•sportatloa, dcs-pOr-tft'shun, «•., act ^txportmg, 
or of conveymg goods &om one coimtry to 
another. (L. cxportatioJ] 

Bzpooo, eks-pOs', v.t., to place or lay forth to view: 
to deprive of cover, protection, or shelter; to 
make bare : to expuun : to make liable to ; to 
disclose:-^./, exposing; >n./. exposed*.— «. 
•xpes'or. [ FV. oxpos*r—lM expono, oxpositum-' 
ox, out, anid Pono, to fdace.] 

Vo«n% eks-pO^zhOr, m., act of exposing or laying 
open or bare : stato of being laid open or bare ; 
openness to danger: position with r^ard to the 
sun, influence ofclimate, &c. 

•xpovad, ek»-j 

tzpooador, eks>pound'^, n,, one who expound*; an 

expostttoa, eks-pO-tish'un, n., act of exposing, or 
laying opoi ; a settix»; out to pubuc view ; a pub- 
lic exhibition : act o/expounding kxc lading open 
of the meaning of an author ; explanation. 

•xpoattor, eks-p(»l-tor, n., one who or that which 
expounds or explains; an interpreter. 

•xpodtory, dcs-posl-tor-i, o^T*., serving to expound 
or explain; explanatoiy. 

BxpostalaH eks^post'a-lfit, v.L lit to demand 
urgently or earnestly; to reason earnestly with a 
penon on some impropriety of his conduct; to 
remonstiato i—pr.p. expost'QlAting ; /n. A expost'- 
Qlflted. — H. osposralator. [L. expostuto, expost- 
ulatus—ex, intensive, and postuto, to demand.] 

•xpostalattop, eks-post-Q-lA'shun, n,, act ^expost- 
ulating, or reasoning earnemy with a person 
against his conduct ; remonstrance. 

aspostolatory, eks-post'a-la-tor-i, adj,, containitig 

See under 

See under 

dcs-pres*, v.t., to press or force ouil to 

repitient, or make known by a likeness, or by 


words: to declare; to designate x—pr.p. express'- 
ing; >«.>. expressed'. [IZ ex, out, and Prossi] 
tp tMS , elc»>pres', adj., pressed or deariy brought 
out;^ exactly representing: directly stated; 
explicit ; dear : intended or sent for a particular 
purpose.— M. a messenger or conveyance sent on a 
qpecial errand ; a r^;ular and quick conveyance* 

ad v. nfewi^tY. 
ijiUMllik, dcs-presl-U, aefy'., capaile of being ex* 
pressed, squeexed out, represented, or uttered. 
rpr sss inn , eks-presh'un, «., act of expressing or 
forcing out by pressure : act of representing or 
ginng utterance to : iaithAil and vivid represen- 
tation by language, art, the features, &c. : that 
which is expTHsed; look; feature: the manner 
in whidi anything is expressed : tone of voice or 
sound in music. 

rpr oss twil tw ^ eks-presh'un>les, adj., without ex- 

y t o s i i te, dcs-preslv, eulj., serving to express or 
indicate : full of expression : vividly representing ; 
significant— a^/v.osprosslvely. — w.o x p r < s^ tTaBSss. 

Sspvliiv** See under bpoL 
eks-pui\J', v.t. lit to prich out; to blot 
out : to efface : to wipe out i—Pr.p, expung ing ; 
pa.p. expunged'. [L. ex, out, 9n6.pungo, to pride. 

Ixpufato, eks-pui^gjU, or eks'pui^, v.t., to Purge 
out ot render pure; to punfy (rom anything 
noxious or erroneous i—Pr.p, expui^gtting ; pa.p, 
expur'glted. [L. expurgo^ expurgedus—ex, out, 
Koii purge, to puige or minfy, inmpurm, pure.] 

expwiatkiii, eks-pur-gil'snun, n., act ^ expurgat" 
ing or purifying. 

ospugator. eks'pur-^-tor, or eks*pui', n., one who 
expurgates as \nu>&f%, 

iOKpvialory, eks-put'ga-tor-i, a4j.t eerving to ex- 
purgate or punfy. 

Bxqalrfle, dcskwi>sit, adj. lit sought out or selected 
with care: of superior Quality; excellent: ofde- 
' licato perception or close discrimination : not 
easily satisfied ; fastidious : exceeding, extreme, 
as pain. — n, otut exquisitely nice or refined in 
dress ; a fopi— <Mfo. •x'qpisttsly. [L. exouisitus 
'-ex, out, uid fueero, quasitus, to seek.] 

Xaaageleas, ek»>sang'gwi-us, Essaacatnow, eks- 
sang'gwin-us, adj., without Hood or red blood* 
(L. ex, priv., and sanguis, sastguinis, blood.] 

BzselBd, ek-sind', v.t., tocut offi—pr.p. exsdndlng ; 
pa.p. exscind'ed. [L. ex, off, and scindo, to cut] 

btaal, eks'tant, adj., standing out, or above the 
rest; still standing or existmg. [L. exstans, 
-antis—ex, out, and sto, to stand.] 

Sxtasy, Bictatie. See Bestavy, Bostatle. 

latsmpim, eks-tem'pO-re, adv., out of mat the time; 
on die spur of the moment ; without preparation: 
suddenly. (L. ex te mf o r e ex, out of, and 
tempus, temporis, time.] 

eztosapocmaooos, eks-tem-pO-rS'ne-us, extompocaxr, 
dcs-tem'pO>rar-i, adj., done extempore or at the 
time or occasion ; proceeding from the spur of 
the moment; done without preparation; off- 
hand.— a/p. OKtonvora'aooaily. [L. exte m po 
raneus'-ex, and tempus, temporis, time.] 
Etomporiso, eks-tem'pO-rlz, v.u, to s^ah extern' 
pore or without previous preparation ; to dis- 
coiurse without notes ; to speak off-hand x-^pr.p, 
extem'pOrlsing ; pa.p. extem'pOif sed. 
Ktcad, eks-tend', v.t., to stretch out; to prolong 
in any direction: to enlarge; to dilato; to 
widen : to hc4d out : to bestow or impart— ^^.^ 
tostretdi ; to be continued in length or breadth :— 

filto, f2lr; ma^hte"; in&ie;qiOte; mOta; mODo; Mep. 



/r.A«itaid1nff:>M>tt«tend*«d. [L. tjrimiff, 
tximiut—uet oat. tmdff, Umtmm, to stretch.] 
EtoMlU% eks-ten'st-bl, •xUadto, eks-ten'fll. «(»' 

j_»f, _^i.^^*„_ -.—.j^ r-.j .^ A t .. .... ^ 

titmiliMi, •ks-ten'shun, ic, «ci e/" fxtemdiMf: ft 
•tretching out, prolongation, or «nlarg«m«at: 
■tate of bong cirtandod: that property of a body 
by which it occupies a portion of spaoa. 

tztawm, eks-ten'siv, aJj., iavimfrgrtat tsi emsi m 
or extant : large ; oomprehens&ve.— «^ estea'- 
nvaly. — n. •zMaaveaMi. 

azteat, ek>>tanif, «•.. ike ^bae* or degree U which a 
thing i* 9Jrttndm ; buDc; oompass 

BstenaaK eka-ten'Ik-At, v.i.^ U mmkt very Udn or 
lean: to le«en or diminish; to weaken the force 
of; to palliate :—/r./. ezten'mting ; /«./. ex- 
ten'OJUed.— «. ezUa'nator. [L. «xU$ni»^ txUtm- 
uiu*—4Xt IntensiTe, and /«««», from temiti*, thin.] 

estMMttfttai^ elcs-ten'Q-At-ing, mJ., lesw$um£; pal- 
liating.— «^. extea'natlaigly. 

eacteaaa t le a , eks>ten-(l-l'shun, m,, itetoftxitnm^mg 
or making thin or lean : act ^ representing any- 
thing as wss wrong or criminal tlum it it ; pallia- 
tion : mitigatioa. 

estsMaltiy, eka-ten'&-ap>tor4, «^*., Uniimgt0 at- 
Unuatt; palliative. 

IsWIer, eks-ti'ii-KMr, m^., 9uitr; outward ; on or 
from the outside ; foretgn.-H«. outward part or 
Bur&ce; outward form or deportment; i^tpear- 
ance. [L. txttritr^ comp. of •xier^ outward, 
from tx. out.] 

ezteraal, eics-t^nal, adj., exUritrt timiwmri^ duK 
may be seen ; apfttrent: not innate or intruisic; 
derived from without; acctdeotal: foreign.** 
adv. aztar'^wUy. [L. txier mu <ur<#r.l 

eztania]^ eks-tii^kials, «./^, iht 0ittwapd Jmriti 
outward forms or ceremonies. 

lsterBlaate» eks-t^i'ml-nAt, v.i. to drive #w/ tf/ihe 
botrndarist ^; to drive away; to terminate or 
destroy utteny : to put an end to ; to root out : 
— ^./. exter'minftting ; /A>k cxter'minlted. — «. 
eirtsTBlnater. [L. exitrmtt—, txitrmmatm— 
tx, out of, and UrmimtUf a boundary.] 

ertermlaatton, eks-t^r-mi-nl'shun, i»., act tf exUr- 
minaimgi complete destruction or extirpatioo. 

eztarmlBatory, ek^tte'mi-iilptOM, a4j; Mrvimg or 
tending U exUrmmaU. 

IstsmaL See under btsrior. 

latiaeK lathwlloa. See under IzttaigaisiL 

Ixtlafvlsh, eks-ting'gwlsh, vj. lit U fridk or 
Kratch &ui; to qutnchl to put an end to; to 
destroy: to obscure by superior splendour: — 
>r.>. extin'guishing; ^>. extin'guished. [L. 
«xr/MfW9, exHncitu—ox, out nnd tHmMito, to 
quench, to prick, from root r/^, to prick.] 

tsktagnlshalde, eks-ting'gwish-a-bl, ad/., ta^ahU ^ 
being extinguished, quenched, or destroyed. 

ezlfaigaUdMr, dcs-tlng'gwish-te, ».. aitewho or that 
which extinguis£t$ ; a souul noUow conical in- 
strument for putting out a candle. 

ezttaet. eka-tinkt', a^/., extingidthedt put out: 
no longer existing; doid. 

axtlnotloa, cks-tingk'shun, «•., act e/eximpiishit^, 
quenchmg, or destroying : state of being extin- 
guished : destruction ; suppression. 

Zxtlrpete^ eks-tte'pAt, v.i,, te root etd; to destroy 
totally ; to cut off ; to extenninate \—pr.p. ex- 
tir'pftting ; pa^. extii'paUed.— «. extb^jpaler. [L. 
exsttrfo, exMitrfatne-^x, out, and »tirpe, a root] 

esttrpatloB, eks-t^pA'shun, n., aefi^extirpetiing; 
exteiminatioa : total destruction. 


Bxlol, eks-tol', m.i, orig. toli/lu^w raise on Ughs 
to raise or exalt in wmds or by praiae ; to mag- 
nify ; to praise :— /n>. extolling ; /«.>. extoUe?. 
[L. exteilh—ex, up, telU, to lift, or raise.] 

Bxtontve. See under Bxtort. 

Bxtof^ eks-ton', v.t., to ttoiti or wrench »ui; to 
gain or draw frx>m by compulsion or violence i-~ 
Jr.p. extorting ; >a>. extort'ed. [L. extorqitee, 
extertue—ex, out, and ierqnee^ to twist] 

extorslvf^ eks-tor'siv, adj., 9erotmg or tending i§ 
extort.— adv, extor^slvely. 

extortion, eks-toi'shun, «., act ^extorting, or 
wresting from bv Cwrce ; illegsj exaction : that 
which is extorted 

axlortloMr^. eks-tor'shun-aM, adj., ^erimimiHg U 
or implying exterHe$$, 

ta ^ e e Uamakti, eks-tor'shun-Ot, Mff., ehmnuterised by 
extortion; oppressive. 

•ztorttoMr, eks-toi'shun-te', «»., one who /mciites 

Extra, eks'tra, 4»df., beyond tar more t}ian is neces- 
sary; extraordinary; additional [L. extra, be- 
yond, outside of; contracted from extora—exter 
'-ex, out, and root tar, to cross.] 

Bstrset^ eks>trakt', v.t., to draw out by force or 

otherwise : to chooseout or select : to find out ; 

to distil i—fr.p. extracting \pa.p. extract'ed. [L. 

extraho, extrmcttu—ex, out, and truho, to 

•zfcrae^ tkdtxakt, n., that which is extracted or 

drawn out : anything drawn from a substance by 

heat distillation, &c. as an essence; a passage 

taken frt>m a book or writing. 
•zltaetlhli^ eka-txaktl-bl, adj., ce^aUo qf being 

•xiraellen, eka-trak'shun, n., act ^ extracttn^^ or 

drawing out : derivation from a stock or family; 

birth ; uneage : that whidi is extracted, 
extractive eks-trak'tiv, a4j,, that nu^ be extracted; 

tending or serving to extract-Hs. an extract. 
eatoMlor, eks-tnlrtor, n,, he who or that which 


IslffadltloB, ek»>tra-<Ksh'un, n., a delivering w/ 
by one government to another of fugitives from 
Jmtice. [L. ex, fxava, and traditio—tretdo, tra^ 
ditus, to deliver up.] 

Bztra-Jndielal, eks-tra-j(R>-di8h'al, adj., out ^the 
proper court, or beyond ^9 usual course of ii^psi 
proceeding. pSxtra, andjadidal.] 

litiaBiiiidiae eks-tra-mun'dln, aef/., b^ fond the 
material w oiid , [Isink and MaMaaa.] 

btoa-araral, dcs-tra-mtfiml, adj. without or beyond 
the walls, [Izira, and MvaL] 

btraaeooi^ dcs-trSn'yus, adf., without or beyond; 
external ; foreign : not belonging to or dependent 
OB a thing ; not essential. [L. extrmneus, frrom 
extra. See Bslra.}— 4uftr. e^van'eoesly. 

btaraordtauay, eks-troi'di-nar-i, adj., beyond ordi^ 
nary; not usual, or r^ular; wonderful ; special. 
— adv. •xtraor'dlaarlly. [Ixira, and orttaary.] 

iSlraordtaarUs, eks-trorMi-nar^ii, n.pL, things that 
OJKced the usual order, kind, or method. 

Bxtravagaat^ eks'trav'a-gant, adf., wamdering bo» 
yond bounds; irr^:ular; unrestrained; exces- 
sive : profuse in expenses ; wastefuL— «4#p. ex- 
trayacaatly. [L. extra, beyond, and vagans, 
*antis, pr.p. of vagor, to wander.] 
ctravagaaee, eks-traVa-gansi n,. the act or state 
^behigextravagant, or ^omg beyond due Umita ; 
'ty; excess; lavish eiqwnditure. 



ftte, Qxi m^ hkti mAm; aMe; nAte; nMn; tha^ 


or wud and orcigular ptecs M mi 

musifr [It J 

bvuKK ckt-tnv'ft-tlt. v./. to kt ««/ ^ /A# 
proper viirlt, as blood:— /r^ oxtraVasIting ; 
/a./. extrav'asiUed. [L. ^xitm, out of, and mp^ 
a vmmL] 

flinty eka-trCmf, miff., ^uttrmwti; at the eatmost 
point, edge, or border; most reoiota: last: highest 
in degree: greatett : most violent : most urgent 
— «. the utmost p<Mnt or verge ; end ; utmost or 
highest limit er degree i great necessity.— a/v. 
iiliimilr* [W. Ay/y^M^— L. txtrwwnu, toperi. 
citxttr, OB the outade, outward. J 

exIrsaMgr, eks*trem'i^i. «., ikmi w ktck it urirmu; 
the utmost limit point, or portion : tho highest 
degree : jpeatest necessity, emer^encv, or dis- 
tress. [Fr. gjtir/miU, I* tjrititmtimt.} 

Ms l i lsals^ dcs'trl-klt, v.i., UJr9t,^>mm hmtU txmet * 
or perplezities ; to disentangle : to emit >-pr.p. 
extraditing; /«.^ ea^cated. [L. Ufirk*, mjp- 
i ricmiu 9 # jr, out, tricar, trifles, hinderanoes.] 

exMsaHen, dcs-tii-kl'shun, »., mfi ^ 9jfineatmg ; 
disentaaqriement : act of sending out or evolving. 

asMsakloTdd'tri-kabl, adj,, ikmi imm it txiricmM, 

IMilB^ib eka-trin'sik, lililailsaL eks-trin'sik-al, 
mify'., tm ikt t mttidt or t$Uwam: external : not 
contained in er belonging to a body; foreign; 
not essential :— opposed to laiilasls iiifa. es» 
Mi^sleaQy. CL> txirm s ta u •txttr, outward, and 
$tcm$, from 90ftt0r, to follow.] 

I, eks-trOOd', v,i., it ikntti tut; to force or 

uige out ; to expid: to drive off }— ^./. extrlUf- 
bg; >A>. extrwed. [L. txirwdt, txtrutut-^ 
tjft out xnd /rW #. to ttirust] 
eatiMlu n, eks-tKR/shun, m., mei ^ txirudrng, 
thrusting, or throwing out ; expulsion. 

Izahsraalk duMI'bte-«nt m4/',*Jtettdimgfy rick or 
mhmutmmt; plenteous ; overfl o wing ; superfluous. 
'y, ezalMtaBtly. [L. txtibtnmt, pr.p. ottxt^ 
r, intensive, and itbtr, rich, abundant.] 
\t eks'Q'bte'ana, exatanmey, eks-Ol>^an- 
si, IS., timit qf hting txtthermmi ; an overflowing 
quantity; ricnness; superfluousness. 

Ixais^ dcs-Od', vJ., it twtmi tui or discharge b^ 
rwtaiitig; to discbarge throu|^ pores or ina- 
sions. as sweat, moisture, 9at.—v.L to flow out 
of a body throu^^ the pmes : — :^.>. exOdIng ; 
^.>. exfld'ed. [L. «jr, out, ttmlt, to rweat] 

saWsMsn, eks-fl^di'shun, n., mei if tjntduff or 6i»- 
durging throu|^ pores : the' sweat, ftc exuded* 

Snll^ egs-ult*, v.i, it Um^ for Joy ; to r^oice ex- 
ceedingly ; to tnumph i—^^. exult^g ; /«./. 
exult^ed.— «Ar. exaltlagly, [L. exsuat. from 
tx tili t t x, out or up, and tmiiti to leap.] 

twHanl^ ^s^ilt'ant «4r** txultmg; enresung 
exultation ; trltnnphant [L. txtuwuu.\ 

e xalt a t te ^ ^(s-ul-ti'shun, <•., mti ^ exnitiMg; 
lively joy at any advantage gained; rapturous 
deli^ ; transport. (L. extttiiaiit,} 

Isavl% eks-OVi-4, n^., cati ^ skins, shells, or 
other coverings of animals ; in gttL, fossil shells 
and other remains of animals. [L., frxun axmt, 
to draw or put off.] 

lye, I, M. tit Mr ttting ikimgi the organ of right 
or virion, more correctly tlw globe or movable 
part of it : the power of seeing ; right : power 
ofperceptioa; oversight; obsei^tion; anything 
rsoembhng an eve, as the hole of a needle, loop 
or ring for a hook, &c— v.i., to fix the eye on ; 
to look on ; to obasiiu narrowly \—fr^ «yinK ; 


tyedf (Id). [A.S. eagt; Goth, mtigt; 
; Slav, tkt; allied to Gr. t' 

ier. mtigti 5iav. tmt; allied to ur. tkt»i 

tsstf the two eyes, connected with tsstmmi, to 

see ; L. tculm; Sans. mkskL\ 
eysball, fbawl, n. , tkt Mi, globe, or apple of the <^. 
syebrlfM, lOwTt «. x beautiful little plant of tho 

genus euphraria, formerly used as a remedy for 

diseases of the 1^ 
eyebrow, throw, «., ikt krtw or hairy arch above 

eyalaah, flash, n. the line of hairs dmt edges tho 

eyelid. [9ye, and Ger. kuckt. Ice. iaska, a fli^).] 
eysliMs, Ties, a^'., wiiktui tytt, or sight 
ejslst, TOet eyslsi-faoK flet-nOl, «., m tmmli tyt or 

ktU to receive a lace or cord, as in garment^ 

sails, &C. [FV. miUtt, dim. of «iA an eye.] 
eysUd, riid, n,^ ikt lid or cover of the mv: the 

portion « movable ddn by means of whica the 

eye is opened or closed at pleasure. 
sye-servks^ f-s^vis, «., strvict performed only 

under the tyt or inq>eOTon of an employer. 
eysslfM^ fsTt «., ikt tigkt of the tyt; power of 

seeing: view; observation. 
eyMet% rsOr, », anything that b arfv or offensive 

eye-loelh, f-tOOth, n,, m iootk in die upper Jaw next 

the griAders, with a long fong pointmg towards 

if s ■lUiSM^ f-winaes, n. one who nwra thing done. 
lyre, Sr, n,,^ mjmtmty or circuit ; a court of itin- 
erant justices, [old IV. rrrv, journey, from L. 

iUr, a way, a journey— /#, ihm^ to go.] 
lyry, AsrkL C're, or Ifre, «• lit «• r^xvyy oraplace 

where birds of prey construct their nests and 

hatch their ^gs. [old £.<«'?««. ^rgs, Teut <y» 
A.S. mgt an Mg: or A.Sr mn, Oer. mmr, an 
eagle, and suf&t *y, denoting a collection: or 
Fr. ofW— low L. mrtm — L. mrtm, an open space, 
or fivm «r, tho air. j 

fkUi^ iHH «. lit that which Is t^oktn or itldi a 
feigned story or ialt intended to instruct or 
amuse : the plot or series of events in an epic or 
dramadc poem: ficrion; a falsehood. — v.t. to 
feign; to vavtaXi—fr.f. fft'blin^; >a.>. fft'bled. 
[FuJiMt. lj.ymkmm, hom/kn, to q)ealc] 

IkbaUse^ fabrO-tls, v.i., it tuntt/ailtt. or to spealc 
in fables :— >r>. fob'OlTring ; /«^. fab^sed. 

ffcbaHsi^ fril/Q-li^ n., tnt vJkt tmvtnttfmhitt. 

CsheleesL foVO-litt, m4j' feigned, as m/mUt: related 
in fable ;<alse.—«Af.tsyalowty. {"U/ahUttm^ 

rktele, friVrik, or ftOmk, «•., wtrihmmmki^; the 
manner in which the parts of a thing are put 
together ; texture : anythiiu; framed by art and 
labour ; building ; manufactured cloth ; any 
system of conn e c t ed parts. \l^/mk r i cm /m b e r, 
a worker in hard mstrrisis jmcitt to make.] 

fabricate, fob'ri-kftt, v.i., U /ui itgttktr fy mri 
mnd lakftr: to manufacture; to produce: to 
devise falsely ^-^.>. frib'ricitin^; /«.>. friVri- 
cftted.— ». teb'rieater. [L, /ahict, /akricattu, 

Cibrteatten, fab-ri-kl'shun, m., mei if fakricmting) 
construction ; manufacture : that which is fol»»- 
cated or invented ; a story ; a frdsehood, 

rabeUso, rUMlee^ &c See under Fahle. 

fags*e. See under laee. 

flMe.fiU,is. the outside mmht or appraranca ; that 
which pr eie u ta itself to a spectator: front! ^e 

fitter Or; ml^hAri nStoa; nOlt; aOto; aOOo; Men. 



visible forepart of the head : cast of features ; 

look: confidenoe; boldness; effrontery; pres- 
ence: in B., anger or favour. [Ft, /ace, L. 

facUs, form, iijo^--/aci0t to make, akm to Gr. 

^hta, to produce, Sana. Ma0, to be.] 
fus^ fiU, v,t. to meet in the/ac* or in front; to 

stand opposite to ; to oppose with firmness ; to 

resist: to put an additional face or surface on; 

to cover m front. — v.i, to turn the face >—Pr.p. 

fWing ; pa,p. f3U:ed'. 
fkgad*, fa-riUfy n., tk»faci OTjrcni of a buildmg. 

[Fr., frmn Lh/ocusA 
fhott, tas'et, «•. lit. a UttUfaa: a small surface. 

M^r.facttttt dim. of/^r.j 
tsdal, f^L'shal, a4I»t <A or relating U the/aee," 

ado. tafdalOj, 
fadag; (BL^mf^, m. a covering in front for ornament 

or protection. 

raetlleas» t^-UfAva, a^j. lit. well-made; witty» 
humorous, jocos e .- a d v. tuct^muitf. — n. faor- 
tlewBMs. \XA,/aceiut—/aetut, pa.p. ct/acio, to 

Fadto, fasH, a4f., tAat may he denet eeuify done: 
easy of access or converse : cotuteous : easily 
persuaded ; yielding. [l,.J'acilis, that may be 
done, tASfAtQm/acio, to do.] 

fkeUtty, fa-un-ti, «., qitaUty ^ being faciU or 
eatih done: dexterity: catuiess to be per^ 
suaded; pliancy : catinns of access; affaUuty. 
— ^A faeUltlM, means that render anything easy 
to be done. Ih./aeilitas.l 

fsemtatt^ fia-sill-ttL v.t., to give facility U ox to 
make easy; to lessen difficulty :—^^. fadK- 
it&ting: /a./, fadlltaited. 

ViM-slalla, fak-nml-le, m. that which is made simi- 
lar; an exact copy. [L. >^, contr. of/actum, 
maLdit—/acio, to make, and timilis, like.] 

Fiet, fakt, m., a deed or anything done; anything 
that comes to pass : reality ; truth : the assertion 
of a thing done. (L.y^/w»f, from,/^Ki», to make.] 

fMttoo, falcshun, li. lit a doin^; a comjMiny of per- 
sons associated together, m opposition to the 
government : dissension. \X^/actio, (xom/acio.'] 

fartioos, bk'tihva, adj., given to/ac/ion; turbulent; 
dislo^aL— a<fv. farttoady.— m. fke'ttoiuBsss. [L. 

flsetltlou^ fak-tish'us, adj., made by art, in opposi- 
tion to what is natural— a<^. faetl'tloaaly. [L. 
factitius, inxa/acio, to make.] 

Csetor, fak'tor, «., a doer or transactor of business 
for another ; one who buys and sells goods for 
others, on commission : one of two or more quan- 
tities which multiplied together, form a fvoduct. 
[L., txomfacio.\-'n. fse'tonlilp. 

flutoncs^ fak'tor-iy, it. the fees or commission of a 

fsetoty, fak'tor-i, m., the place of htuitut* oft^./aC' 
tor; the body of factors in a place : a manufactory. 

faetorla], fak-to'ri-al, adj., pertaining to or consist- 
ing in a factory. 

flMtotam, tek-tO'tum, n. a penon employed to do 
all kinds of work. ih./acio, and totus, all] 

Faealty, &k'ul-ti, n., facility or power to act: an 
original power of the mind : personal quality or 
endowment : right, authority, or privile^^ to act ; 
Ucenoe : a body of men to whom any privilege is 
granted; the professon constituting a depart- 
ment in a university ; the members of a wofession. 
{L,/acultas, bom/acul, easily— /aciUt, easy.] 

Fads, Qid, v.i. to become insipid or weak ; to lose 
strength, freshness, or colour gradually ; to grow 


$m ; to vanish.— v./. to cause to inther v-'pr.p. 

ftdln^: ; pa.p. fU'ed. [old E. fade, vade, ft. 
Jade, insipid ; Dutch, voiUen, to wither ; Frov. 
^at; prob. from h.fatums, silly, insipid.] 
Ili4atass^ nmaes, ad/., n^fadtng. 

Amsb, Wiiz,, grounds; sediment after infu- 
sion or distillation : excrement. [L.t pL ci/mx, 
Jiecis^ grounds.] 

faeal, fs'kal, adj. relating to, consisting of fieces. 

fsoalMit, fek'O-lent, €ulj., containing Jteces or sedi- 
ment ; muddy ; fouL — n. fBo'atonos or fso'nlstMy. 

Fsc fag, v.i., tojlagot become weary or tired out ; 
to work as a fag. — v.t. to cause to labour li)ce 
a drudge ; to exhaust by labour i—pr.p. faiK^iig; 
A>*A fagged'.— <». one who labours like a drudge ; 
a schooT-Doy forced to do menial offices for ona 
older. Dow Ger. /akk, wearied ; A.S. f^ge, 
Gtx./eige, dying, weak ; Scot fey, on the veige 
of d«ith : connected with Flag.] 

flir«i4, fag'-end, n,, tJke end of a. web of doth tJkat 
Jfags or hangs loose ; the untwisted end of a 
rope : the refuse or meaner part of a thing. 

Fs<0lk Faciol^ ftg'ut, «., a bundle ^sticks used for 
fuel ; a stick : anything like a faggot — v.t. to tie 
or bundle tcffether }-^r>. fag'oting ; /»./• ty^' 
oted. Vff'J7ogod:J^gn, to bind ; iJfied to Ctf. 
pkakelos, $Lamdle^,jax,Jacis, a torch.] 

rahmtaslt^ fa'ren-hTt, n. the name allied to a 
thermometer, the freeang-point of which is 
mariced at 39 and the boiung-pcMnt at sia de- 
grees, [named from the inventor, a German.] 

Fall, ax, v.u, to/all, slip, err; to fi&Il short or be 
awanting: to fall away; to decay; to die: to 
miss; to be disappointed or baffled : to be unable 
to pay one's debts. — v.t. to be wanting to ; not to 
be sufficient hx'.—pr.p. failing; pa,p. failed'. — m. 
fidlure. iFr.Jaillir, It ysJZ&r-L. /W&, Or. 
spAalU, to deceive ; connected with W. jfaelu, 
Get./eJUen, to faiL] 

fklllBg, falling, n.. the act o/ono who/ails ; a fault, 
weakness, or defidency; a f<nUe. 

tsSHxn, fU'Qr, «., a/ailing, falling short, or cessa- 
tion : omission : decay : bankruptcy. 

Fain, ftn, etdj., Joyfml; eager; inclined; content 
or compelled to accept for want of better. — adv, 
gladly. iA.S./iegen, joyful ; Goth, /aginon, to 
rejoice ; \cit./agna, to be glad.] 

Fsfai\ fSUit a4i'j weak; wanting in strength *./ad» 
ing; lacking (ustinctness ; not bright or foraUe : 
weak inspirit; lackinjg; courage ; depressed : done 
in a feeble wav. — v.t. to became feeble or weak; 
to lose strength, colour, &c ; to swoon : to fade 
or decay ; to vanish : to lose courage or q>irit ; 
to^ become depressed:-^./, fainting; Pa.p. 
faint'ed.— a<^. fklatly* II& sense of losing the 
powers of life, Fr. se /a$ur, to fade, ievanonir^ 
to faint, vain, I* vanus, empty, Ga.cL/knn, 
weak ; in other senses, Fr. se/ei$idre, 'L.jingere, 
to fei^ or dissemble, to do a thing ix>t heartily 
but famtly, and thus conn, with FsQp, fstat] 

fktwUsh, f^ntlsh, 4»dJ., somewhat or slightly^m/. 

flilntesss, fSUit'nes, «., state 0/ bei$tg faint; feeble- 
ness ; want of strength : feebleness of colour, 
light, &C. : dejection. 

Fair, f&r, a^f'^ bright; clear: free from blemi^; 
pure : pleasing to the eye ; beautiful : free from 
a dark hue ; of a light shade : free from douds or 
rain ; favourable : unobstructed ; open : prosper- 
ous: frank; impartial : pleasing : hopeful : moder- 
ate.— oiAr. fairly.— ». fldi'assB. \K.S,/aeger: 


filte«f&r; mf,h6r; mine; mOte; mOtt; mODn; Men. 

let. .jWj biWii ; Duu fiofi fi»iri pobipi 
cmmtiMd with Sam. JU, [o ihiiM.] lie. dA«(,/t><,(ir 4>/>a^.' >ii*(ed 
mukeC laid n-.yWni, dnm L..Aru, OT.;iniir, 
hoIiiUjn, coim. with fiitui, (tnxn. Sh 

rurr, tli^, hr, a, ■. i npcmatunil bdiifE. laid U 

Bfman. [Fr.y*; fflm#,old Fr.Jimr.HKSml. 

ment: lt./ala; Cnr L..^<dRi>— !./)««(, u 

ancle, bu.j 
klfy, &i% o^., ^or bdongins tojkirvt. 
MU, nth, a,, trvl or fM^iIrrKV ID UT poKHi : 

btlief is the latemciit of auothef: beUeflnilke 

tmlh of rcTeBL«<l relieJDD ; confidence "nd »™»* 

m God 1 RKua oa Chiiit u tha Sine 

which II belieied; «n)r >TBei 


J*«., bent like * ili^, u the cniceBi DwaiLud 
cenui leant. [L./ift<(/w,finn>Uiviiridk.] 

Mrtlii*, bwl'ibiin. a. ■ dtori cnoked tmiA./ml- 
ealtd oi best Howwhiu lOn k nckk. [IcjW- 
emu; low U/kUU, fraa l^/tlx.] 

IMiw. riwlEB. ■■ ■ buniljr of Mid> of pn^ with 

tho punmt of ram*- [Fr.Ta 


hnedi and trftiiu ./^Zr^xf ot 

Mimj. Ikwlm^i, ■■, lit 
with/Unu. iFr.j!.. 


and Eve, oilted >M TUl:-^ in Apocryphli 
death, avenhtow. 
•alladg*^ lal-U'ihui, mdj., fala: taladaUd It 
intiat or mislead : not weU rminderi -. amdnr 
ditanointment ; deliuJTe,- 

miUake,— itlAf. bA. 
01 futuiiy ef itiMg 
RBornd: left with 

1 pioiwhed.— «,'■ u 
I il :-/r.>. (allow- 

t^low, I. fallUlv. 
VLImti, fcUBi, livid. 

1 Bat antieri. ajld of 


i tlf itinc /aiiovi cr 

raki^ fiiwll, A^''-' 'iffffi^* or dterivoif; ui^ 

tnithfiil ; unfailhAil to obligataoTU ; tnacherooa ; 

blidV, fowiil-fl, i.i.'um-^/ml^l'uifoTfor 

couDtcrfeit : to aroYt uotrustwoilhy i to break 
bv Uxhood :->-^ UilTvinE ; >■>. fiili'ified. 
[LK.jUrkf, ju>d.^vtf, to maJcB.] 

/aUr: th« pvios to a thing the appearancg o4 
■onuthiBC which it ii not. 
talttlB, &w[ii-rT-tr, ■., imttAaftUifia or ^<k* 

■HStioil. [L..AAillai, tromyUnit.] 
rilIir,&wl'Ui,v.(,.Ai/H/oii'«'^>riDipcech: la 

tnmblear toller ; to hefeehle at ineaotule :-/r./. 

bfteriw i >aij*. (irtend. [from root of nal^ or 

Jonned frnm the haltioc or itaiiuueriiw wnind.) 
Ntetbilf , biy/CaiAB^Ai, adv., in m fiUUriXf at 

heailatijig jAdwur. 
Faiar^ Gho, ■. Et « 4ruv^ ^i 'v^ " oialifaig 

celehiiir.^Dad iTISS. "liJ^Sj ^*£.X 
fiom /Mmi, to nr, maka knaw a / *■*, la 
hnna ta liiht, Sana. M4, to ihiiie.] 
kaaOlmd, a^"., hteintjkmi: ittawa. 

noted. — ttdv-^mm^. \^/Mm*tuM,hvBjkmaJi 
laaOar, Ac See loda »■«. 
IkaOr, &iBl4i^ «. Ut. tho whole 

OMCoiicuuits of oira oMnmoo pwfWBwor* tftOBt 
hoBOuimbleoriioMe descent: a group o(F animals, 
plants, lansniages, ftc. more compraienavo than 
a genus. (L. fa mUi a^- J kmMbu^ a senrant] 

IhrtlJT, (a-oul'far, mdj.f pertmimnf U aftumfy; 
domestic : well aoquainMd or intunata ; shewmg 
the manner of an intimate; freei having a 
thorough knowledge of; well known or under- 
stood.— 4i. one well or long acquainted t a d«noa 
tuppoeed to attend at calL— Wv. ftmlllarly. [L. 
familiaru. itomfa$mliti,\ 

•smUtaitty, m-mtl-ye-arVti, la, tirnit ^ Mng 
/kmiimr; intimate acquaintanceship; freodom 
from constraint. [lL,./amt$imriUu.\ 

JMBlMsiissg la-mil'yar^It, v.t., U mmm/mmUimrs 
to make thoroughly acquainted ; to aocustom : 
to make easy bypractioe or study:— ^i/. £uni2'- 
iarTsingi/a^ umillaifsed. 

Faadns^ &m^ mML^rtMitUnimfifrJ^Hi; general 
scarcity af food. [Fr., from II^mmv, hunger, 
akin to Gr. MmgHn, Sans. ikmk$k, to eaL] 

llmlsh. fiun'nii, v.i., U kiU^ distress, or weaken 
wimftummt to starre.— «.^. to die or suffer 
aztreme hunger ar thirst; to suffer from axpoaure: 
~-pr.p. Csunlshing : /a.>. fiunlshed. 

Ilimlihana<^ fiun'isb-mient, «., tkt ttmit ^ h tim g 
fiuftishfti^ ar af extreme hungaror thirsL 

FUBoaa See under rasMk 

fflSB, &n, «. Et. that wkkk Utwtt a faraad, flat, 
Instrument used by ladies to oool tfaemsehres; 
anything of this wras, as for wi au ow ia g gnin, 
ftc; a Mnallsafl to keep a wind-mill totbeinnd. 
^^.t to cool with a ma ; to winnow : to ventil- 
ate:— ^^. fanning ;>•>. fanned'. CA.S./Smm; 
Oer. wmnm: Tt, 9tm; L. mmmm; alliad to L. 
venhu, mad,] 

teasr, fiafukr, «•., swr wA^ or itmi wkieAAms; 
a nwdiine with rtTdTiag fius, uaad for wuibow- 
ing grain, ftc 

iMi-Mfiit, ianr-m, IS., • w w w fa a rst wiMia g in fem 
an open Am« 

tea-pslik ma'«plni. is. a specias of /aAa 60 or 70 ft. 
high, withyws shaped laaves used for nmbmlas, 
tents, ftc 

PtaaMs, fa-natlk, ftaitliil, fii-oatlk^d, m4/. Et. 
^trtaining U mftmt or temple — inspired by a 
divinity, as the priests in heatnan temples : mm- 
tic; extiavaaant in opinions, esp. on religious 
subjects.— «tf 9. lanatleslly. iL,Jmtmikm,mm 
fimitm, a temple.] See Fans. 

teaatle, fa-nat^ «. a person frantically or asoes- 
sively enthunastic, csp. on laligioas subjecta. 

ffcnstfniw, fa-nat^-sism, n, wild imd exoessiva reU- 
gious withusiasm. 

Hasy. hxfii^ <•. orig. p ht mimty ; dut freaky of the 
mmd by whidi it recalls, r e pr es e n ts, or m mk t t to 
tifptmr pest images or impressions ; an image or 
representadoo thus formed in the mind ; an un- 
reasonable or capricious opinioB ; a whim ; oap- 
tickms inclination or liking. — «4^. pleasing to, or 
gnidad by fancy or captica^— Oa iney, Mj^ sport- 
nig chaiacteta genaraUy. [cootiacted from,^M- 
Uuft Fr./mUmnet Gr. and L. pkm m i m nm Gr. 
*tumUu9, to make visiUe >*antf, to bring to 
lighL to lAaw, SaiM. MA, to shiaa.] 

iney, ma's, v./^ ioftrm a/mm^, uMga^ or ooai- 
oeption of ; to portray in the nynd i to imagine : 
to nave a fancy or likwg for; to be pleased with: 
—Pr^. frn'cymg ; >«>. frn'ded. 

ftastfel, fraTsi-fool, mkj,,hM ^/mney; ruided or 
created by frncy; unagtoative; wnfmskrsi; 
wild. g«fty. tea'dMly.— «. faa'dfalnssa 


ftflaiy, fiu/ta^, n* old form of 1 

faatada, fan-tft'cU, <•., m/mtuifiiifx/mHimiUc musi- 
cal compositioa, not governed by the ordinary 
musical rules. [It., from Gr. ^kka nt m»iaJ\ 

teatastte. fan-tas'ttk, fsafeastlcal, fan-tas'tik-al, tu^,, 
/Mttci/ul: produced by the fancy; imaginary; 
not real; characterised by frncy or ci4nice; 
whimsical; wild. — adv. fratas'ttesity. 

raas^f^is. a jAaat dedicated m cotutcrmitd to a 
deity ; a temple, [h^/amtim, from/m^ to speak.] 

Tmlu% fan'flr, m, a fburish of trumpets on enter- 
ing the lisu ; a boast ; a bnvadc [VT./cu^are ; 
Sp.yhfi/arria : from the sound.] 

frafrroa, fra'fr-ron, is., aw mAe ntee Jkt^fiurt or 
bravado ; a bull/, [rr.. lnxsk./an/art.\ 

llsafrreaatfi^ fan-rar-on-Ad', is. vain boasting; 
bluster. }Jtt,/aHfar9imade, inm./tmfaft,'\ 

Vsag, fang, is. that which jmmt or €iuUke$; the 
tooth of a ravenous beast; a claw or talon. [A.S. 
.^Mtf*, from Am, to seise ; Ger ^ i ^frw^ to catch.] 

frafsd, faagd. md/», kmvi$i£ /Suig9, 

Bfwl, faagd. mtU,^ Amnm£ , 
anything resembhng them. 


Fsataiy, ftc See under Amsy. 

fte, fkr, mdf, Et. kef^rt, to ot mi m dUtmtue; 
remote ; more distant of two t remota from or 
contrary to purpose or design.— aK#a. to a great 
distance in time, space, or propor ti on ; reinotely : 
considerably or In great psrt : veiy mudi ; to a 
great height ; to a certain point, degree, or dis- 
tance. fA.S.^vr,* Dtttoi, Mr, evrrr; Ice. 
fiarri; Ott.jffn: alUed to Or. porr§, at a dis- 
tanca,>fv, bdbre, Sana. >ni, befim, and periii^M 
to A.S..A^«ii, Ger. AUm^ old E.ybnr, to ga] 

taUM; flr'Mer, adj, {oonp, of Far), mmrt/ar or 
distant; tonding to a greater distance: longer; 
additional ■ a<wr. at or to a graatar distance; 
more remotely ; beyond ; moreover. [A.S.,^'rrv. 
oomp^ ofyWr, the euphonic tk being inserted 
from die analogy af farthsr.] 

frrlbssl, fki'Mest, mdj. (supeii of ffsr). mttijar, 
distant, or remote — ttdv, at or to tne greatest 
distance. [A.S.,^iamrr/,i3'rr«rf, superL of.^wr.] 

fr rf slo h sd, fli'-fecht, mdj.JoUktd or brought/hriw 
/or, or from a remote place; forced, unnatuiaL 

Fares, fIrSt «. a style of comedy, sttMrd with 
low humour and extravagant wit ; ridiculons or 
empty show. [IV. farct, the stuffing in mea^ 
from l«.ySiyvfr. to stuff.] 

frrdeal, fftr^-kal, adj.^ o/oi rtladng to afarct; 
ludicToys.— «ifrr. frni^leslly. 

Fsn^ fftr, vd,t to gOt to trwveii to get on or 
succeed; to happen well or ill to: to feed: — 
>r.>. fkr'ing; /a>. fkred'.— «. orig. a eomrto or 
patoagei the price of passage ; food or provisions 
for tM table. (A.S..Am><<h Oec./akrtn^ to go.] 

fr f saefl, fkr-wel', or fir, int, may jouyaoo well I 
an affect i o aa te prayer for safety or soooess. — «. 
well-wishiag at parting; the act of depaiture. — 
mi^\ paiting; inal. 

frny, fei^ii, v./., to cmny or convey over a water 
in a boat >-yr^. fei'rying ; /«./. far'ried.— «. a 
place a^iere one may be rowed across a water : 
the right of eonveying passengers: the forry- 
boat [A.S. ftriem^ to convey, formn^ to go ; 
Ger./Ur, a f e ii y >ii4ir% to go, to cany.] 

FUrtaa, fr-fftia, u,,jtrotmd t^tn; meal; ilardi: 
poUen of ^aats. (L.-^S^, a sort of grata.] 

— -, ur-fai-l'sini, adj.. tmttittini ff» con- 
taining smm/ or fioor; mttly. 

•ta,fkr; art, fair; bIm; nOte; mflta; MOo; Mca. 

tarn, tbm, «. Bt^twr', tntrrlaliuiUHt ; iftemid^ 
Kml, tit Itmd mMt (nmul lei far culdntian 
itrpucimcVfWilhlliciitcnbTTlwildincL (A.S. 
^0nK,^Hirmt, Ibod, loodl, ft*rmimJt^ to feed, 

^«rw/LAtuiiKd bro^*?iBi*, wu next ■pplled 
to Um moiKT F"^ '°<1 ^'B t^ '^ '■™^ nutedj 
tkk* inleBH ; to EnnI CBtaln tif htl in nEum 
fin ■ penioa of wut thrr yiekU u to Turn tha 
Baxa: to culdT^tc, u Ludz— j>r>. Iknn^inE^ 
/*>. fimed'. 

^jtmtt, BtiiA'tr, nh, #*if m^ fttnu or Billlvalei 
land i iha tKut gf i bnn : vh wbe coUku 
tikx>L flu. fcr m GstKiB nt« par cenL-^k^ tan'- 
I1I& thB buiiDCM gf culdTMdz^l land. 

Vimiii lu-cria, m. lit. mind JtiUtr fir tatOt; 
A coaJvail KK^ [I* ^r, ft lort gfl fnin.) 

khoH bdtiu; oaa wbo cans Ihe dlieua of 
botiH. (old Vr.firriiri tt./trrtr, to ihoo > 
b on a ^ r^ l^firnm, iEira.] 
hniKK WiUt-I. ■-, Mi imiiiita >/ a/trrftr; 





t, fut, !!# liL ttati; held ; cloe preMed ; 
rm; fijnd: tt^dfiid. — mdv, Gfrnlfi hhukIIv or 
jund (Mleep;.-rMt »7. do« 0>. [K%.Jmut! 
■a- Jot: tOiei w>un, u ■eUe.] 

lOiei Io>u 

— C.I. to fix iUeir:->r>. fu'Uninf ; /■>. [t^- 
Imed.— «. tu'tKl^ iX^ tuUt»£,lnt. 
bilu^rasl'nef,*., Mutetr^^ieuv/u/orfinni 
•ecuniy : ■ umiihiild, f«nrei(, cutl& 

tUi, fail, tH^T,. talfcHMi ■ nmpb ! n^ > r1lB>T_ 

L. jMiu, to hutu] 

tidt, ikM, •.<: 11. kt^fitmfi^: t 

to iibMiio BOB food im irtulB < 

I enjotosd br tin dnRii : tba Say of 
MHia.'^H. Avf «, aw lAo frsia ; iiiVki^ m- 
liliaia ihirii— o; hM'-tar, ■ d>r of Idipou 
luliDK. [A-Sj^lVn, lobiti G«h. AiMth 10 
k«p i illud wiik rut, film.] 

UOB idimculL to tdeaae. — mAm ftrtM^rtrtr — ■<. 

iDg-^/bj/H/, pnde.J 
rU,fiI,a4'.,yW; aailaml frmlfu]: (laM.— <•. u 

th* lichelt 11UI oTMnythuiI.— ir.f. ID mike Ul, 
—v.U V> tnn b.c:—^.f. S-oTtBt'' />>. liuCed. 
{Pa.^ltf 1I.S./HI, EronjMH, to feeil.) 

■teaa, ^t'tiei, io.» ^ihIti 

._ ._>; fcrtaitr: ttut whui 

Duket feitile. 
Ula, he'll, t.t.. It immtt/at a fieihf ; to main 
famlo. — p.i. to stow fu ^-yr>. brrcBin)! ; jtf .j>. 

/aimiii — -- - 

\t doMUT or DecaoiirTi appalated 

doom : fiul ianw. (L/iuim, > 

predidioii-TA/aiJ, mok oa JhW , 10 ipnk.] 

hu« (In, >>! iIh thne lodltiaea ofyiM, C 
T .n.^h»*iij and Atrofioa, who voro auFP*^ 
dctenniiH the binL, Bfe. and death of II1>._ 

tttal. ftl'aJ, ^' , ilfav™!''' <" •ppoinleil bf.A''- 

klaHn, (kl'iil-iim, K. Ihe doctriiH thai alt enoU 
an lulljecl to .M'', and happen hf unavoldabLo 
neceaailT- — ■■ lafalla^ pin who believe* iajatal- 
itm.—iufi. ttfaUat^ itUmtbifU or putakinc 

tataltlT, latan-tL la, Ot tUU ^fitairfitUX or 

uaaTddable 1 ibtdcciH of fato: fiaod t*iidEiic|r 
to diiaiier or death ; mortality. 
tOak, aXti, mdj., d«road tr Jmti; dooBud; 


THnit^.— v./L to adopt; to ascribe to one at hU | 

ofllnniig or production v—/r^. (a'thering ; /«./. 

fii'thered. [A.S. JiutUr, L. /ater, Gr. /atir. 

Sans, ^iri, from zoot^Oi to feed.] 
IMliakoed. (ITA^r-hood, «., staU ^htmg a/aihtr; 

fatheriy authority, 
ftitlifftalaw, a'/Aer4n-law, ». the father of one's 

husband or wife. \fcttkert, 

, fi'M^r-land, «., /^ i^un/ of om/s 

., fil'M«r-Ies, o^'.. tUttUute of m living 

Jdiktr: without a known author.— «. fa'thw 

teUMrty, fil'/Mivli, «4^., i£l# mjaiktr in affection 

and care; pateroaL— «. fa ^ l l w iUa sM. 
Fattea^ fa/A'um, «•. the distance between the ex- 

tremitiM of both arms exUmUd or Atld cut: a 

nautical measure =6 feet— «r./. to try the depth 

of: to comprehend or get to the bottom of :— ^.>. 

lath'oming; M^ fath'omed. iA.S. AutAm; 

Dntdi, sw^nw; l>utch, tw//^ Ger.Jiustn, to 

hold : L. >»i^, to stretch.] 
lathomatK ^/A'um-abl, tuff'., aiU U h* faihanud, 
tettomlssi. &/4'um-less, m4f,, tJuU emnnai ht/ath- 


IMlffat^ faAM^t «., wem-rmtst/rom Uih&ur of body 
or of mind : toil : military work, distinct from the 
use of arms.—*./, to reduce to a state of weari- 
ness; to CKhaust one's strength; to harass:— 
>r.if. &tigu^g; Ai>. fatigued'. [Fr., from L. 
fmiigOt to weary.] 

ratttoc TSIaaai^ &c. See under 7at. 

IMooo^ fat'Q-us, a4f.t/*Mt ^ mmd; silly : with- 
out reality; deceptiTC, like the ignu-/atuH*, 
\U/mtmu. foolish.] 

Cs^tty. fisptOl-ti. M., th* staU ^htmgfmiuctu or 
feeble in intellect ; imbecility. 

fisnesik faa's€s, M./A the upper part of the throat 
from the root of the tongue to the entrance of 
the gullet. [L.] 

raaselk fau'set, n, a pipe inserted in a barrel to 
draw liquid. [J^r.jaMsset—^mt$$s«r, to juerce.] 

faagh, fiiu, imt, an exclamation of contempt or 
disgust, [perhaps from A,S./iaH, to hate.] 

Taalt, fault, m,, m/aiUngi error : blemish : a slight 
(^ence: vaftiL and mmmg^ a displacement of 
strata or vems. [l*,/aU0. to deceive.] 

faaltlMi^ fault'les, at^'., wtkamtjault or d^eci.— 
ado. tealtlsaiiy.— ». flwltlwnMs. 

teatty, faultl, m4/., ctnUdnine fmulU or defects ; 
imperfect : guil^ of a fault ; blamable.— Ai/r. 
fkiOrily.— <s. fsairinsBS. 

Faaa, fiiun, n. a rural deity among the Romans — 
the inrQUetor of shepherds and Mricultiuv. [L. 
faitmu, fnmfgV€0,/a$Uttm, to favour.] 

timk, faun'a, n, the animals of any r^ion or 
epodi, so caJled because protected by the^MMtf. 

Tavoir, f&'vur, «., a rtrartUttgkhtdfyl countenance ; 

i;ood-will: a kinadeed: an act of grace or 
enity : a knot of white ribbons worn at a wed- 
ding.—*./, to regard with good-will : to be on the 
side of: to treat mdulgentiy : to afford advantage 
to:— :^>. f&'vouring; >a.^. fl'voured. (L. 
/avar-/0ve0, to favour, befnend.}— «. U,'roKnr. 

fttvooaUa, f&'vur-a-bl, aey.JuO^/m!vuri friendly ; 
propitioas: conducive to: convenient; advan- 
tageous.— Aftr. te'veoably.— ff. ftt'vearaklaMaB. 

fttvoutK fk'vur-it, n, a person or thing r^;mrd*d 
with/gvm$r: one unduly loved.— •^T' esteemed, 
beloved, preferred.— ^1- faVevttlBl^ tht fr^KCtia 
^ fm v imng or shewing partiality. 


f*''^ fawn, «. lit. iht young of «» mnimmll a 
youn^ deer.— <a^*., resembling a fawn in ootour. 
~-^.(. to bring forth a fawn:— /r./. fawning; 
Pa,f, fawned'. [Fr.y^«, perhaps through obs. 
/ooHf/edoHt from hJjothu, offspnng.] 

TawB, finwn. v./. lit. to rejoieoi to cringe ; to flatter 
in a servile way (followed by upon) :— ^./. &wn^ 
ing ; /«./. favmed'. — «. a servile cringe or bow ; 
mean flattery. — n, Ikwa'er, one who flatters to 
gain favour.— a/v. fawalagly. [old 'S^/awhmtl 
A.S.Jiignidn, to rejoice.] 

Iky* See under Fairy. 

Fially, fTal-ti, or f»U m., Jtdeiify otJaitMtlnoit ; 
the oath sworn by the vassal to be fiuthiul to his 
feudal lord : loyalty, [old Yr.fitUUi UjUUUtai 
—Jidolis, faithful-i/S^, to trust.] 

Ftar, fir, n, a painful emotion excited by danpri 
apprehension of danger or pain ; alarm : the object 
ot fear : in B.^ deep rev er e n ce ; piety towards 
God. — V.U to r^;ara with fear ; to expect with 
alarm: in B.j to stand in awe of; to venerate: 
(obs.) to temfy, to make afraid \—^,p. fearing ; 
/«/. feared'. [A.S.>^tfr, fear; Gtr,gt/aMr, Sw. 
jarot danger.] 

fMrfkO, flEr'fool, adj.t/uU of /oar; timorous : e» 
citing intense fear ; terrible. — adv. tua^P^.—m, 

fiUe^ fkr ; mC, hte ; mtoe ; nOtv ; mate ; mODn ; 

flU'les, a4/.t without /oar; daring ; brave. 
—ado. flMrlsMly. — n. tearlsMMm. 

VsaslUs, ftxl-bl, adj., thai can bo offectod or dont ; 
practicable.— <u/v. fteslbly. — «x. isss^leasss. 
WMlUX'tty. [Fr. faitabU, that can be done— 
/airot/aitantf It./acorOt to do, to make.] 

FSast, {Ht,n,t^ho/tday: aday of unusual solemnity 
or joy : a ridi and abundant re^t : rich enjoy- 
ment for the mind or heart. — v.t. to hold a feast : 
to eat sumptuously : to receive intense delight.— 
— v.t. to entertain sumptuously :— /r./. feasting ; 

/s^. feasc'ed m. ftastfsr. (old Fr. /oste; L. 

jfifstum. a holiday,^//atf, solemn, fesuL] 

ftislal, fes'tal, €uij. ^ pertaining to af tost or holiday t 
joyous : g^y,—-ado. UdtoUj. 

fMttvs^ fes'tiv. a4(/., relating to or liho a /east; 
festal : nurthfuL— a/v. finvely. iU/estivtu.] 

ftattval, fal'ti-val, «., a/estix>o dayz a joyful cele- 
bration : a feast. [fulness, gaiety. 

fMttvlty, fes-dvl-ti, n. social mirth at a /east ; joy- 

Italoen, fes-tOOn', n. an ornament for a/exHval: a 
garland suspended between two points : in arch., 
an ornament like a wreath of flowers, &c. — v.L to 
adorn with festoons :—/r./. festOOn'ing; >«./• 
festooned'. X^x./etton^ from \s./ettunu\ 

IMt, fit, n.f m/osttval ot/east : a holiday. — v,t. to 
entertain at a feast i—pr.p. feting ; /a./, fet'ed. 

Feat, fit, n.f oomething done: a deed manifesting 
extraordinary strength, skill, or courage. [Fr. 
/ait; old Vr. /aiet, h. /actus, done— L.yW»9» 
to do, to make.] 

fiatva, flt'Or, M. ht tho fnahoor/ashion of a thing: 
the marks by which anything is recognised ; too 
prominent traits of anything : the cast of the face. 
—pi. the countenance.— a^>. fsat^ned, with 
features well marked; ftefvnlsss, destitute c^ 
distinct features, [old Yt./aic tur o / aict.\ 

FeatlMr, fttUht, m, lit that which Jluttert ; one of 
die growths, generallv formed of a quiU with a 
vane or beard on each side of it, which f(»m the 
covering of a bird : a feather^like <»iiament— v. t. 
to fumSh or adorn with feathers ; p r . p. featfa'- 
ering ; pm^. feath'ered. To fialh« an ear, to 



brin^ it out of the water !n a flat or horisontal 
position. [\.S.Mker; GcT.yidfr;Ihitdti,vedtr: 
connected with I* /exMo, Gr. /ietvH, Sans. 
Patatra—*ai, to fly.J 
tuXtaaft feM'to-i, adj.^ pertamiMg to, resembling, 
or covered ynvti/MUktru 

rMfeore. See under Fsat.- 

rsMls, filbril, or feb'ril, adj^.^trtainingUftvir; 

feverish. [Fr.y9SM&, from \s./ebri*t fever.] 
MMftift^ fefa^ri-f&jj «•. a mediane for rtnuvtHg 

Jtimr. ^/tbru, and/uigp, to put to flight.] 

Fetnary, feb'rOO-ar-i, m, the month when the 
ancient Romans offiered taaifictt 9/ ex/io" 
twn, because then the last month of the year: 
the second montli.^ [L. FebrMartMS-^ebrua^ 
the festival of expiation-^^rMV, to purify.] 

Fmss, FscatanK &c See Fmm. 

Faeaad, feVund, or K,adj'.,/r»tiifi$i^ fertile: pro- 
lific. [lj./*eimdMS—oh%.JIto, to Iwing forth.] 

feendate. feVund-AL v.t, to makt/natful: to im- 
pregnate x-^.p. fec'undftting ;/•.>• MC'undAted. 

fBCVBdatloBy fek-un-d&'shun, «., the act of impreg- 
nating: the state of being impregnate. 

Cbeoadltj, fe-kund'i-ti, n,t/ruitfiU$uu I prolificaess 
in female animals. 

Fed. fed.>a./. and>».>. of F^sd. 

Fedanl, fed'te-al, adj.t pertaining te or consisting 
of a trtaty or cevenant: founded upon mutuu 
agreement, as a federal union. ^ [Yt./idirml; 
L. /Mms, /mderUf a treaty, akin to Jide^ to 

C»da«alislk fed'&ral-ist, n, a wpporter of %/tderat 
constitution or union, as that of the United 
States Switzerland, &&— m. f«d'«mllni, the 
principles or cause maintained by federalists. 

federate, fed'fa--Stf adj., united fy^ league; con- 
federated. — a^fy, fMrtrattve, uniting in league. 

Fee, ft, «•. lit cattle or meney ; a grant qfland 
for Jfeudal service : an estate inherited : recom- 
pense ; price naid for services, as to a law]rer. — 
v.t. to pay a fee to ; to hire v-fr.P' feeing jAs./. 
feed'. \k.S./eoh^ cattle, money ; Fr. Jicffcr, to 
grant in fee ; alhed to L. fccus, cattle, pecuma, 

Isf, f<Ef, M. land held of a superior in/ee or on con- 
dition of military service ; a feud. 

tton, ftf, N., aJie/.—tf.t. to grant possession of a 
fief or property in land.— «. fieff^MBt, tAe gift 
of a fief m feoflT; flMff'er. he who grunt* the fief. 

fnid, fOd, IS., a fief or land held on condition of 
service.— -aC^*' tn/ltwX, pertaining to ftudeot 
fiefs: belonging to feudalism; flrad'alacy, holding 
lands in fee. ^w L.feudum, from root of Fe«0 

fradsUaa, f&d'al-ixm, n. the svstem, during the 
middle ages, by which vassau held lands from 
lords-superior on condition of military service. 

Feeble, f^bl, adj„ weak; wantmg in strength of 
body: diewing weakness or inoqndty : Taint : 
dulL— Mftr. fto'Uy.-^ Hm^Immbb. [Fr. /aihle; 
lu/ietwle; old Ft, /Mile; t,, flebilis, laments 
able, sometimes =<w^</br, weak.] 

flMbto-nlBdsd, fTbl-mlnd-ed, at^'.^feeNe in mind: 
without firmness ; iraesolute. 

FMd. See under Feed. 

FmI. f£l, v.t. to perceive by the touch; to handle: 
to be conscious of: to be keenly sensible of: to 
have an inward persuasion ofl — v.i. to know by 
the touch: to have the emotions excited: to 

{>roduce a certain sensation when touched, as to 
ieel hard or hot :— >r.>. feeling ;>«./. ana/o^. 


felt [A.S. /elan, to fed; Ger. ftUOen; Ice. 
fialla, to touch with the palm of the hand.] 

CMler. WltCt «., one who or that which feels: a 
remark cautiously dropped to sound the opinions 
of others.—^ jomted fibres in the heads of in- 
sects, && posaoBsed of a delicate sense of touch* 
termed oM/MMMe. 

fteUag, fiEllng, «., the sense 0/ touch; perception 
of objects bv touch : consaousness of pleasure 
or pain: tenaemess: emotio^—^. the affections 
or passions.— o^T*. expressive ofgreat sensibility 
or tenderness : easily affected.— a<^. UeXta^, 

F^ phiral of Foot. 

Falsi^ fSUi, v.t. lit. to make or fashion; to invent : 
to imagme : to make a show or pretence of }— /r/. 
feigning; /a.f. (arae^.'-adv. fdfa'edly.— it. 
IM^'edassa [Fr. feindre, pr.p. feignant, te 
feign — 'L.fingo^fictutn, to form.] 

filBt, f3bit, n., something feipted; a false appear- 
ance ; a pretence : a mock assault ; a deo^tive 
movement in fencing. [Fr.feint, pa.p. af/nndre.} 

fletloa, fik'shun, n., the act ^feigning or invent- 
ing: a feigned or false story: a fidsehood: 
romance. \L.flctio^--/ict»u, pa.p. oijings.} 

ietttleaa, fik-tislrus, mO., containing ^tion ; ima- 
ginary ; not real ; forged. — €ulv. flett'tioasly. 

lettK nk'tll. adj., formed; moulded: earthen; 
fashioned by the potter. {lj.fictilis—^ngo.} 

flgment, fig'ment, n., anythingfeigned or imai;ined ; 
a fiibrication or invention. 

FSIdspar, fekl'spAr^ FeMspath, feld'spath, n., field 
spar : a aystalhne mineral found w granite, &C. 
tGer.y^ a fieU, sfath, spar. See Spar.] 

faWipattitc, feki-spathik, fridysthoss, feld-spath'Gs, 
adj0, pertaimng to or consisting oS feldspar. 

Fsllettatt^ f)5-li^i-tAt, v.i. lit to give felicity to or 
make haPPy : to express joy or pleasure to ; to 
Cbngratulate '•/—fr.p. ftlicitAting ; Pa^P- fllic^- 
itftted. [l,.feUcitas, ftoaifelix, feuds, happy.] 

IMleltatioa, f^-Us-i-tA'shun, n., the act of felicitat- 
ing or congratulating. 

fSlletty, f^li^i-ti, «■., happiness; delight: a bless- 
ing: a happy event 

fUldteo, f^hri-tuSf adj., kappy ; prosperous ; de- 
lightftil : appropriate. — adv. ftlleltoailly. 

FsUbs^ fillTn, a4f., pertaining to the cat or the cat- 
kind: like a cat [Lnfeltnus—feles, a cat] 

Fell, fel, n, a barren or stony hllL [Ice.] 

FeU, fel,/a.^. ofFsn. 

FsQ, fel, v.t., to cause to fall; to cut down '.—Pr.p, 
feirmg : pa.p. felled'. IA.S. fe/lan, irom feallan, 
to feu. SeeFUL] 

fellsr, fel'te, n., one v^ fills; a cutter of wood. 

Fill, fel, o^'., bad; cruel; fierce; bbody. [A.S. 
fell; Dutch,^/; It fello: prob. from CclL fall, 
bad, wicked.]-*!, fsll'nsss.— a</v. fslly. 

ffllen, feKon, n,, a wicked, cruel person : one guilty 
of felony; a convict 

fUmiy, feron-i, is. lit affllorwicVtddeed; orig. 
a crime punished by total forfeiture of lands, &c.: 
a crime punishable by imi»isonment or death. 

ftloi^eeB, (e-lo'ni-us, aaj., wicked; depraved : done 
with the deliberate intention to commit crime. 

FsUesi See Felly. 

Fellow, fello, n. lit a partner in goods; an associate ! 
a companion and equal : one of a pair, a mate : 
a member of a university who enjoys a fellow- 
ship ; a member of a scientific or other society : 
a worthless person, [old K.felatue ; Ice. felagi. 
a partner in goods, fromySr, m(mey, goods, and 
lag, society, community.] 

atCpfSlr; m^h^r; mioe; mOte; mOte; mOOa; Men. 



hwt or equals ; tympauny. 
Mlowihlp. fdOG^hip, m., ikt ttmii ^hringmJklUm 
or {Mtftner : fKondly intercoorM ; oommnniom : 
anaMociatum: anendowmeiikinaunivenityfor 
thetuppfutofgradtiatetcalledyUZraM: thepoai- 
tiou and income of a fellow : In a$iiA,, the propor- 
tional dhfisum of profit and loss among paitnan. 

WOf, fen, ruios^ feno, ». one of tha cunred pieces 

in the drcnmferenoe of a xdieeL iA,S.Jw!i».} 
Fttoii, MoQ7» ftc See under fHO, m^/, 
F«]fpar, same as KUMfut. 
r«lt. felt,/»./. and>»^. otTtL 

WAt, felt, «. doth made of «m#/ united without 
wealing.— v./. to make into felt: to cover with 
felt}-^.A felting; Ml, felt'ed. [Oer. JUm, 
wooOen doth, alhed to Qr.>«2M, wool wrought 
into felL l^piUut, a feU hat.] 

fHIttf. feUfte, v.^. to dot together WkfiU>-^^, 
fdt'ering ; >«./. fdfered. 

fUtlaft fdnng, t$,,iA4mrt or process ^mm kiHgfiUn 

Feteeta, ft-luklca, is., « ^m^ with oan and broad 
thrse-oomered tails, used in the Mediterranean. 
[It ftbtcm. : Tt.fHititm : from hx.ftdh, a ship.] 

rsmale, ft'mAl, adf, of the sex tkai/roduuM young : 

fiertainin^ to females : in M,, havinf a pistil or 
ruit-beanng organ. — «. one of the femue sex. 
[TT./muUtf dim. of l^/tminm, a woman-<obs. 
ySv, to bring forthj 
femlaainy, fem-t-nan-tl. is., thiftmaU no/vrt. 
fesdatas^ feml-oin, mdj,, PeHai$dftg U wamm: 
Under, delicate ; woinanly : ingrmm,, the gender 
denoting femairs ath, tmfm/Of, 

Femora], fem'o-xal, a4/., htlMgmg U M# iJ^gk, 
\X^/nm9r mli§ /tmur, fniuru, ue thi^] 

Fsa, fco, n, lazKl covered with mmd from the over- 
flowing of water ; a morass or bog.— 4M(f>. fui'ay, 
Dm'Uih. [A.S.>««, Ice.>(i, QolC^Ljami^ mud.] 

Ftaet, ftc. See under Fad. 

FflB4, fend, v.#., U d^/knd; to ward off: to shot 
o\xt>-^.^ fending; >«./. fend'ed. [L. obs. 
/tnd0t root of ds/tmU, to fend or ward off, aldn 
to Sana. Aoiv, to beat.] 

fndsr, fend'te. m., thai nuhkhftndt or d^fkntU I a 
metal gimrd before a fire to confine me ashes : 
a protection for a ship's ude. 

fnce, fens, m, thai wtuch/tnda or guards; a wall 
or hedge for enclosing animals or for protecting 
land : the art of fencing : defence. — v.U to en- 
close with a fence : to TortifV.— v .i to practise 
ivoaasti—^^ fencing; /«>. fenced'. 

Cmdai; tensing, adj,, di/emUnf or g9tardm£.~-H, 
the act of erecting a fence : ue art of attack and 
defence with a sword or other weapon.— «. ftos'v, 
one D^o practises fencing with a sword. 

tefllbls, fen«1-bl, a4f., eafahli uf irimg fmc§d or 
defended.— wjMl fai tlM si^ Vomnteer rodents 
raised tor local defence during a q)edal crisis: 
militia enlifted for home service. 

r«uskral, fe-neS'tral, 4M^., Utonging U ntindonu, 
[L. ftmHralu—fmn^rat a window, allied to 

Fwasl, fen'el, n, a fragrant plant with yellow 
flowen. [^.S. fin^l; Ger. Jtnchel; alliea to L. 
/mmicmlmm, fennel, boax/ iHwrn, hay.] 

Fm& See under Fm. 

Fsrslery, fei'6>tor>l, «. a place In a church for a 
hur% iL,yhvtr um J k iv, Gr. /AerP, to bear.] 

F«rlns^ ITiln, ad/., ptrimhtitig U ot \Sk» m wild 


{sMlmvagt. [L.>MPNM^-3^ni,awiIdbeast^ 
>na, wild; akm to Or. thir, Ger. <Ai^, a beast] 

y* i»i al» fei'ment, m, lit thai wkkk mahttferoent 

or hMlmg: what exdtes fermenutioo, as yeast, 

leaven : tnteraal motion amongst the parts of a 

fluid: agitation; tumult ^Jhm^UuiH, for 

fervimuniu m fivvM, tobou.] 

ftOMB^ fer-ment^ vJ,, i» txciU/nmtnt^Uioni to 
inflame. — vjL to rise and swell by the action of 
fermentatSop : to woric, usedof wue, ftc: to bo 
In exdted actloa; to be stirred wiu& anger »— 
>r.>. fermen ti ng ; >«.>. ferment'ed. 

temntaUa, fer-menfa-bC a4f„ca^aMtffJkrmiHia>' 
t»oH.—», teiMBtabllllf. 

ftiiaiulaUttii, fer-ment-Tshun, »., ikt aci or ^rvc*u 
wJkrmtnHHgi the change which takes place in 
fiquids, iHien eiroosed to air ; putrefiiction which 

produces alcohol or vinegar : restless action of the 
mind or fadings. 

hrineslallii^ fer-ment'artiv, adj., tmnting or con- 
sisting in>nwraiMdM.— ff. UnMnTaMviBtss. 

Fmb, fern, », a iJant whidi becomes a tree In the 
tropics, producing feather-like leaves called 
fronds, so namedfrom the seeds having been 
suTOosed to ehre the magic power oi goutg in- 
visible. [A.S.^4 »w f airmn, to go.] 

femy, feral, iulj.,/tiU eror oter gi ow u with>n»/. 

Ftoedeaa, fenrO'shus, ad/., wOd; barbarous: in- 
clined to savage fi erceness ; indicating great 
cnidty.— Afv.tee'tfoaaly.— «ktao'deieMsa [Fr. 
and ll./hvu—'L^Jtr^x, wikU-^nrwr, wiM.] 

teeatty, fe-rosl-ti, «•., wUdmsr; fiiry: savage 
crudty of diqxmtion : untamed fierceness. 

ines^ fta, ad/.,jkroci0m; violent: angry.— «fv. 
floeely.— M. flsree'Mss. [SV.yVrwir; L.>rvur.] 

Fsii ee m fei'rS-us, adJ.,ptrtaifttH£ ia or made of 
if9m, \L.Jhmt^-^rrrum, iron.] 

lin l i Hei^ fer-rir«r4ia atff., tearing or ylddlng 
irm. \jL*.ftrrutH, iron, vad/hv, to bear.1 

teieglMa^ fmO^in-us^ ad/., t^tkt eohmrtfirm^ 
rtui: imnregated with fr og. IL.Jhrt^imeut-' 
Jkmigt, iron^usC Jti f 'njn. ] 

Finrelk fei'et, «. ribbon woven from spun Hik. {Vt, 
fltmti, coarse sUk thread.] 

FiKrelk fe/et, », a tame aninul of the weasel kind 

employed in unearthing rabbits. [Ger. ynr//r; 

Yt.Juni-'Junitr, to ieixet, to seardi carefully. 
iMTalk fei'et, v./. to search out carefully and min- 

tttdy iihi ahrni : to drive out by patient effort : 

— ^i/. ferreting ; /e^. ferr'eted. 

VKTiteoes, Ftonftaoas. See under Fitreoea. 
Fsmls^ fei'rUOl, m. a metal ri^g on a staff ftc. to 

keep it from splitting. [Ft, virile, L. tfmtia, a 

Fttry. See under Fare. 
Fsrtils, fei'til, €u{/../rmi-htaring: able to produce 

abundantly: n^ hi resources ; inventive, a dv, 

ta^tUaly. rL.>iFrfi2ij^-^, to bear.] 
tnvmfj ftrwdl1-ti. n., ikt ttatt ^ htuig ftriOe ; 

fruitfolness: licnness: abundance. 
tatUIss^ fer'tit-Is, vJ., it makt/trtOt or fruitful : 

to enrich i-~pr.p, ftat'tillsing ; /•./. fei'tilTsed. 

Fsnda^ fei'rOOl, n. a rod usedfor «/rilM!^ children in 
punishment [L fnmla, a ca ne / k t w , to strike.] 

Ftevesl^ f%r^vent, a^. lit ktaitd, htiUngl ardent; 

sealous ; warm in feeling. — ado. tu^maXty. [L. 

ftrvtt, to boU, aldn to Gr. tktrO, to heat, £. and 

Ger. flMirm, S»ans. gharma, heat] 
ftrvoMV, f(fei'ven-d, m., ttatt t/htinrferotni; heat 

ofmmd; eagerness; warmth of devotion. 


OUe,fIr; mi^hte; mme; nOte; mOle; bODb; Men. 

mu. flt^rid, •#. Ik. ^^alHei fian wt im 

lUTiu htuJtmdMiwBrwMfaiL uih. ti^tUlw. 

hnw. rti'nii, •>., itoM y MvyrmU v bsUiiu 
bol : Iwat gf nund ; hsL 

FiiMr, fc*'t4r, v.^L toCDcrapt or naUe; to nppo 

fEU^-/r/. fteWinc: ^/. Vo'und.— «. i 
wooBd diacEufiiic cmupt muicr. [ I ] 



u obuln M (I) pno* : i 

. . . .mlriik. [A.S..Acn>,il«ratiGcr. 
J^ttH, crlcla.J 

rMcb, fccli. r nil, fidl'-lauHU. m. tba (pm- 

ritioa of m tiiiiu ptnca ; ■ aoctuniAl li^Lt, ki of 
A mDviu CKodJe, fljp p qaad to partcnd m dBKlh. 
[prob. boB Norwtpu ymn-bi, tb* Vmfi or 
goblin'm andls = i(Eut-JktuuLj 

Sh^t*!*" - 

IPr. ^AcAl— Pur. /titi^at, 
Jiclieimt. oounurfnt-^jvv, 

lroD./»p, lo iuk«.j 

JUitH, » (gnu bf ut 

/'him, Sxia, din, to M 
kttckl^ fftii^itni, fltn^. ■■ i.ii uMwuB- 

ihip of ^AAv'^ I ■bdiflf iD<Jiiinii& 
IMM, fdH « WtU, Alt'., tUmUHfl baring i 

lOODC oilsniin odour. (L. A t i A t-J U t*. U 

fiBufc, (einoli, ■. 1 tuft of hur that gtom behind 
on bont'i (ta ; Ihi out whon ihu hair iiowl 
(^M, ud la* : or peiLipt Dutch, n«iiM.Swi(i, 
Aitti, nutemgrahoTH, \an Hatch. JUt.itmt, 
Swi^jltil.aannUtd chrouli, i.boiWl loUeck.J 

f«M. Soi tuakr Vool 

riM^ flriUiii. bL a>rB«^>rMt thgnnngio 
thg woBt^ oop. » i<* ■d«Mad Uttm, iU, Gam 
cbt-Jlit, to being fortb.] 

FN. t& ■. lit lHidhdd«a>»H£if mm; b Scot- 
hnd, % tmiro where Uh neni, in placs of mili- 
orr lenia*. nvkhee A rvtim in gnin or in 
uoaari ■ ■•le ol knd lor ■ nipuleled umul 
pnTBienL Do* l^/n ^Km inol of Fee.) 

■aid, (Od, K. Ul mnvi Itmlrwit! a deidi;r V><^ 
nl bodnan tliba or &miUa; m Uoodv mife. 

Dan rran, H^ b Secnland, the price* of grein 
le^Ur ShT for the ireu- to recidau the paT- 
mat of (lipesd. rent, and pricci net n i^a eeelj 

opon. [Ft. Am, mone* for tOliini i ot 
na^ ffat, ■.lie. lit it bi iLm: % bnna], or 
p^wb). otj*". PM""'of/»o!.,'lodo'!l""'"* 
lb. Bb, ■. liL ay&U or itorr; nnwIhuK uid 
fobelr : ■ aoft eipnedon for a U& — v.f ta Icll a 
Gborlieiuiineaklalieh>-^>. Sbl/ini ; >d.>, 
Ibbcd'. (tu.AiK*>torT.{n>ntooI^ni>la.t 
nkrev rrbAr, nh one of (be snafi MnM^ comixia- 
Inf the parte gf anim ait gr vegetablea : any line 
ttinad, or Ihread^like nbetaoee. [L-jOm, a 
tbiad, coon, with L-JUmmt, a Ihrsd.]— a<ri. 
fbe^ hevins £brce ; iVelaH, baviDg no fibrce. 
Iren^ fTfaeuL mC^.. mmf tt tJ ^ or conlainiiig 

krO. ftnuiL ■.. ■ tmtUJiin .' one of the eatreuelr 
'., ftrUiHine tt fitnii 

nunnte Duwde compoeinE an at 
UAMllm, dim. aflTT*™.] 
ttHnHi. n-brilW a^., /rrte 
fbtued of baal] fiWca. 

#. Ul mtnmcr^Mr It MMdJni 
cbanEBible.-a. MkltHK U.S, 
Ccfcn, to man qnleUj lo and ira.1 

of thrmdT.;Hni, (buBd . 
IMle. fik^ tdj. Ul 

firtli Qa.Jltlmt,v> , - - 

IMle, Gdl, K. ■ itnii«rf hunimeal of ouulc 
called alee a TisUn.-«.«. or i M pUt « a Bddte : 
-^^ Odining ;/•->. &bnad.—ia. UdW. [A. S. 

IMItr, LddhL M.,JUIHfiilHlut UlhAd per. 
fcciBBBC* of dut* : MuMT : tm wlbaniicg. 
^JUtUlm—fiMU, Utbfid-^fbb, to tniLl 
fUpti If at, r.C Ut. * aaab firiM ■MWwWk ; M 

fidg'ciing ; /aA Uf'eMd.— a. bnanlar m 
latleaaeia >-ln>iI ' '— 

\. ftiU'ihUl, a4f., ikruint amJUata a 

UaelUT. G-da'ihi-u-J, M^f,, (nAine/: 'unwaTer- 
ing: held in tr mL .^<. one wbe hoku anything 
in mot t in «i«f£, one who dependi foraalraliDa 


4.^</, aobtf (» |n- 

n^ ia,^mUi*tmimwi 


nUf, trif, W.I. ts itriks arllb [ha nil ol iha 
fianr, lorccd bim ibc bull of Hit Ihunb with ■ 
udclEii jerk i—^J. fiiripiBg : f^/. Sniped.— & 
« jerk of Ibc fincer nddcnlT 1^ tfl ma dia 
thumb, (romwd froBi the uund.] 

mr, fin. X., M fim^Im hati ■ toudc pun r ■ 
"-' '-' ..(fn.j>/.«li: Vl. filial. 

E OiV, I wanlon xirL} See' 
ta. film, ■., » aim tima 

fetltdoS; A ven ilender ibccag- — i 

•rith a film, or (tuD ikin.— ik// tte^, crmfmJ rf 
^/•u armemlniKi.— IL l&l^taK [A.5.; W. 
tUn iliiii^/iVfr, to ))«].] 

nilK, fintt, ■. «i<. ■ BnuDcr Biads oT^//; ■ 
•ubttuce thnuiah which liqiun are wniincd.-^ 
v,i. to puriiy DqiHT bj a filter, — v.l to pan 
throD^ a filta : to peicolata >-^y. fil'tenng i 
Aa^.lrtend. IPi..fli>n; Il.>Ariuir,lofi]la, 

•tuaH fifnlt. B.r., Ufiltrr gr pstoUU ^-/n>^ 
fil'uiiini': AUL GTirlud. 

innlleB, Q-Da'diui^H., Bc/ntprDccBf/VfAr':^. 

rah lUth, m.,fitiifvilttr; urtliiiu ihu de&leL 
gjEiallT 01 DoraUT. [A.S. fyUtt-^fal, fouL] 

impuK.— a^. IMllT.— <•. lUVbwi. 

naMat^ finW^ ftsMaUd, Giii1ii>u«(l, ^., 
kMvingfi^rtt on tha margin i (nniad. XL^fint- 
^natur—JimbriaM, iib m fi o j n tool of niaa,] 

tmWlMtm,6nn»i4X,v.l.,lt/nMri; tobeiBi-/ry. 
fimtrildni ; /a./, fimtrilled. 

Rb* fid, jk. lit. It ftathtri the emr-Uko ornja bt 
whiciiifiihtBluiasiUeU'andia^ni. [A-ST^m: 
L. /vvHt, a Ao, >'WHi, a feather ; conMc l ad 
vith Gr. ftlsmai, Saiu. /at, to Ihr,] 

tan, finl, ailj.,/imatJit4iidlAJ!m. 

Ilaa^ ITiut, B^'., frrlaiiiiitf U Of nd; tut! 
dcciiive : rcncctuie tbo rad or mottvo. n dfe 

•mK imil*..!!., "- "■- ■"- ■-- - 

tdiof pteco II 

Ita*,finih,>L thaiia 

iHfUia, add W.y^if: 

be wKmdof 

'. fli/iri, a. lit. jSHtma; iplemdaar, &» cr 
'wythinn: .pUca vbereanythliicU fiaedgr 



ini ; '>^ fiaeued'. [Fr., fran. 

kalaa), finl-kii. a^', afftetedly^-* a „™_ „ 
tjiflea ; nica t fDK>i>h. — adtf. a^'imOr. 

m-. r^ _ .>.. -louey paid a«.A«ii/ aeakmaBt of 

s, B4iad/, ■. ■ nun paid aa.^HJcaapotitioa| 
'cnue. CHX of a niler or «£ato : public moocT. 
■. i low T. J(«»™-L. jf»i..) 
atl, fi-ii»q^' '■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 

•ftr l amiH£ t*fiamMa.'^ 

!• OdUti U Jtamma; an 
the public Tcnmie. 

Anser*! brcadih; iloll in the lue of llie huuloT 
Bncen.— ir.f. to handle ot petJonn with Iha 
fincen : to pilfer.— b.l to uu the fincen m a 
mutiail imttuinenl ■.—*r.t. fin-jeiing ; /«.>. 
Gu'cered. IA.S., Ger., Dan., fioni root of raw.] 

O^taart, Gn('(tr-btal. ■., lif Jnarrf, w pail^B 
buhcbI inmunient, « BUch the ltCT> for tiia 
jCimnm an placod- [li>e finniL 

fta^aa4, fing'Mfd^ A^, kKtdM{fin^^rtf or an juii^ 

lificlBi, fin^^LDij ■., Aff «■ maimer of touching 

(■(K-pg< fing^pllu, ■., a fnl mik a fimpr 
pouEuff, (or directov piuKiiEcn to tbo road^ 

to>-<^./, ii^iamf; /4^/. fiolihcd. — a. tbil 

which finiahea or completci ; laat touch ; the laat 

Cnuofplauataawill. \Xt. ^•ar.Jiaiaaal. 

l^fiiiirt~-finit,a.aea&^ [perfocUL 

iBlikir, fin'iab-^, ■., au mluAMUkn, coinuatca, or 

taM b/i-ak «. ht (*<« w/ttcAjSmMti! the huDCh 

of foliafe, thBtesof a pbnadei thepin- 

Hicla ItKlt Ibvn l.X'w-] 

lBlkikf1'a1t,«4'.,'iankf«ieA«i^ or limit: — UH M kJ 

Jtaitin, pa.p, of.^iEW.] 

rtr. fo, a. the nama of iCTCn] tpedc* of cflD» 
bearing, rtamom treo, valuable for their timba-. 
[A.S..AfvI; Ice..^ir>; Ger,.Mni.' W.;()>r.] 

Ik*, fltv ■. lit. Mr farifiir; the heat and bsht 

Aid ID a grate, Ac. ^ a conflagration ; torttva hf 

proTokuig; ardour of poJWDa ; Tignir: bnghb* 
neu of EuKT : enihuiium : Kiual Ion. (A.S., 
Ice., and 'Dta.fyrj Oa./nitr; Gt./b^; aUiad 
to ^na. /4vaaa, fire, jM, puF«.j 
tn,fTr.v.«,, teH'Ai>r*; toiodame: toinilale; 

ID diichaixe 6nMina:—/r^ 
-i,~^., inuiiHafii/ar\^Jlrt! 


HPi^ n^mT^^, _ , 

n duchaiged bv Apr eiplodiog gBBpovdi 
-laO, rif'-bawl, ■., a Jc/fMed mk umtm 

•r*r: -tf!?!: "'iSr:^.! 

buchicT, &e. : ib biUrnl i ■ pu^na buuuur. 
[lL><<a. ■ ibb or ihup pu, &«■ U A<^ "> 
piem : « from net of flfU.] 
■tfU fif fool. MifiJlkUtrj'l': uHwd br nddam- 

m^ Buh, ■. »« T«gli. — in B., In ImIiJi, tba 

EiEldcr<>Suad oTbHRlHl wbal. 
niik^ fiBh'tt, IHdn, Gtih'OQ, a. m polaal, [dd 

Jw./ttmm, ilJwd u t-JiiUr, to Ktak-J 
nwil, fte. S« undo' lU, a. 
Itnw. ItNtaa. Sag uuId' IH, if/. 

of the UlqntiDule »□> of kiaa ud ;nnca. 
(Numu, fitH. JU, rr.JS^TI- fiHia. Kom. 
■uIRi, «VcA, a Hm.) 
>l«. n., -«r. B^ ». foor «d oot [A.S. jV; Op. 
*ttLlr, *rtmH : Stilt. fmmdtam.\ 

od: lb* ewlen c3 > 

TlMillil^ fliVcMU, v.«., <> Bint or KBisn :— 
/r>. W<llUb(i>ta> llic'dliu.d.-i.. iw»- 


BlAafrmm, ■ whip moiyfty, to buiiLl 
tipnini, A4f4l-Untt ■;«#■« Ma acmoft Kimilf 

in nlvoul dudpUs*- 
Ul,ail,ri>.a wMdoi iutrnmau >r fcwMv or 

■hTHhuw an- liM FLjIail, UjUeiilnm.) 
naHliV hj'o-li^ ■■ ■ mall wiDdJutTuiMBi likg 

^Jfnifi but »>tb ih* qaonilipiac* at th* sid, 

[ fr.— «U Yt.gaptUT, Is pip* i Ytat.jUptt, a 

IHp«.] Sfia rata. 

/ mtMT J tmfUmm, aayihuiB diigncBfiu doM m 
Iha hmt orpuBaa— »m7<V. to bnra.] 

D«k. [Fi. jChh ftcjCucM.) SHita*. 

ouir: (ukim: oufmou.— «. ta'gia^,— jA. 
la^naW. H- JUgr^mt, JUfrmMtii, pr.p. of 
r. mEuib.] 

IW[^fllk.ii.a BwaputMafJffai^.-aKaki 
M DoaQ layer: a W7 ttnall Icnao maig^ u of 
iDow or vooL — v.'> Fo form Into ftalua.— «.i. to 
lepamc in layoai toicala att'^-fr^. Slklnc 
>i^. aikcd'. lKS.JUctM, maw-llikn-Jlittan, 
la By I a^. jfKif-jririrm, u flr : conii. with L, 
jberw, a fiockof wool,Scot.^ar.aBaw-Aakc.l 

lakr, aiVI, w^., •muiitimt t/ji^Ca « liTn— & 

IM, lic^UBit flif'-KOn, ■;, a ftaw Aat MpaiatM 

mylUn or laywi : ■ &u Uoiw OKd Coi pairiiic. 

T'ma,ttm,ii.,l»MlwMc^him! ablus: hutr 

vamlh of ^Action ; iov«. — vXtobw] aifluno: 
la tnali OU fal panicia )->r>. fllm'ing ; >a.#. 
'■ tPr. ^Miw, baa L. jbaiau, lot 

*—*'■ - - ' — ^ Hmh.—M. itMf- 

ib '(idiZwiaMtJUmi. 

t, ^: WchI Ukiajlamnni! 

— ja, ■a-ininc'ia, ■. a tropical Uid dmflmimt 
or brigbt-rod coloiv, with laDi legi and aedc 

[Lj f i r i M a, aDd.^pv, to bori producaJj 

to anrinif Rfiua, a priot 
icnlar fod, as caUcd from Iha 
V nnnd hu haad. [ll. laiM 
laaaa aea tuoar lUak. 
rlMk. ^ri^ -.irt. *^ or »*l part * .U. 
of an aaiiiial tmn Iha nba to tha ihi^i iha 
•ida of lartUac tip. of u umy or flaiL— v.<, 
H attack or p*H tcnad tha nd* of.— s./, to <>- 
poMad oa tba iida ; to touch i—fr.t. eauk^i 

H^amt. aahbr-l 

flani^ta, ja. a fartanitfca which "-—■-■'■ 

p4«,aTiiBl,U(;MMi QBMiVMIaii 


pr.f, fleet^ig : pf^, fleetfed.— ai(fl twift; nimble : 
neednc or transtent : superficial.— atto. BmI^.-^ 
M. flMTBtH. [A.S. jUfftoMt to A<Mt—JleatuaM,} 

lorttin; fletlng, a4i/., pofsing quickly ; not lasting ; 
temporary.— -oinp. flseftBimr* 

Wimlrt, flemish, 4uij. of or belonging to tJk^ FUtn^ 
mgt or people of Flanders. « 

FlMiM, flens, V. t. to cut up the blubber of, as a whale. 
[Dan. /Unsit Scot. JiuicA.] 

flMli, flesh, M, the soft substance which coren the 
bones of animah : animal food ; the bodies of 
beasts and birds, not fish: the body, not the soul: 
animals or animal nature: mankind: bodily 
appetites ; the present life : the soft substance of 
fruit ; the part of a fruit fit to be eaten. rA.S. 
flmtc; Ger. fleisckt^ the soft pulp of fruits, flesh.] 

flask, flesh, v./. to tram to an appetite for flesh, as 
dogs Ua hunting ; to accustom : to glut : to use 
upon flesh, as a sword, esp. for the nrst time. 

flMlMtf, flesht, a4f., kmnHgji€*k : &t 

flMhlMs, fleshles, adj., wttAtmtJUsh : lean. 

••ihly. fleshli, mdj\, ptrtaminr iQ tk* JfUth ; cor- 
poreal ; canial ; not sfMritual — n. flsshllaMS. 

flitdhy, flesh'i, adj.,/MU qfjhsk; fat ; pulpy ; plumpi 
— «/er. flish1Iy.-«. flask'lasML 

Vtov, flOO, >«f / t*MU of Ily. 

T\iuM% fleksl-bl, Flodle, fleksU *^j\» tkai maybe 
bent; pliant ; docile. — n. laa^msss. — iuh, flax'- 
My. [l^JUxiHiisJUxUis^JltctoJUxtmhtahaMLi 

flmbmty. fleks-i-bln-ti, ic, tJU fMality ^ being 
flexible: pliancy; easiness to be penuaoed. 

flezloa, flek'shun, »., the act efbetuuttg; a bend ; a 
fold. VL.yiexio^JlecU.} 

flezor, fldES'or, n. a muscle which bends a joint. 

flaznow, flekro-us, flezaoss^ fleks'Q-Os, adj.tfiUlqf 
wtHdina and turnings ; variable. 

inan, fleWor, n.^ a UndiMg, a tuniing ; bendii^ 
of the body : a joint. [L,jlexura.\ 

nuikat. See under Flars. 

run, niffe^ VUghly, &C. See under Ry. 

rUawj, FItwiitiwBB See under TOm. 

niaeh, flinsh, v.i to shrink back; tofafl:— ^.>. 
flinching; >«./. flinched'. — n, taaA'n,-—adv. 
flaeli'lagly. [a form of^jbl or flklur.] 

niag, fling, vX, io strike or throw firom the hand ; 
to dart^ to send forth : to scatter. — v.L to flounce ; 
to act m a vident and irregular manner ; to up- 
braid ; to sneer :— ^./. flinging ; /«./. and^a./. 
flung. — H, a cast or tmrow : a taunt. [SctA, Jfif^t 
to strike with the foot, as a horse : cHaSw.jlema, 
to strike ; akin to 'L.JIigo, to strike.] 

niat, flint, ». lit. arrenhstone; a very hard kind 
of stone, formerly used for tu^rvw keads; a piece 
of flint used for striking fire : anything proverbi- 
allv hard. [A^S./iint. Ger. Jims. FHs. Jten- 
stMeHtJiaastien — lce.jUiHM, A.S. Jfan, an arrow 
or daurt, and stien, a stone.] 

Haly, flint^ ad;., censisting of or VkeJIiHt; hard ; 
not impmnble ; cruel. — n, fllsHaMS. 

nip, flip, M. a hot drink of beer and qiirits sweet- 
ened. [W. gwlyb, liquor.] 

nipfaat, flippant, a4f. , ^smoetk and ra^id speech ; 
pert: thoughtless.— iM/cr. fllpp'aally. [{miv. E. 
Jip^ to move quickly : prob. from the sound of 
a shght quick blow.] 

Uppaaey, flip'an-si, fllppsntnass, flip'ant-nes, m.| the 
state of being flippant I smoothness and rapidity 
of speech; peztness. 

TUi, flirt, vA. lit to tri/U; to act with giddiness, 
or so at to attract a tt en ti on; to play at court- 


■hb:-^./ flirting; pa.p. flirt^ed.**. a peil^ 
giddy girL [A.S. fleard$an, to trifle.] 
flMatlon, fltet^'shun, n., tke act ^flUrting. 

Flit, flit, v.f., to renwvefrom ^laee to place: to 
flutter on the wing; to fly quiciuy; to be unsteady 
or easily moved :—-4r.p. flitting ; Pa.p. flitt^eo. 
takin to Soon flit, flyt, to remove, lot. fly ttia, 
to transport.] 

•ttttifs. flitlngs, M.>/. in Pr. Bk., wanderings. 

mtA, flich, I*, the ade of a hog salted and cured. 
iA.S. flicce; prov. E. flick, bacon.] 

noal^ flot, v.i., to flow or swim on a liquid ; to be 
buojred up : to move lij^tly and irregulaiiy.— 
v.t. to cause to swim; to cover with water:— 
Pr.p. floating ; Pa.p. floated. — n. anything swim« 
ming on water; araft; the coik on a fishing-line. 
— M.loaft'er. [A.S..^/aff,^/a», to float.] Sc« 
fleet, It., and Tlew. 

ieat^ble, flOt'a-bL adj., tkai may be floated. 

floaters, flolaca. flofftj, m., tkings found floating oa 
rivers or on the sea. 

tleathn, flOtlng, adj'^ swimming: not fixed ; circu- 
lating. — adv. toalrtngly. 

fletatlea, flo-ti'shun, n., tke act qf floating. 

Intssia, flot'sam, fletsoa, flot'son, n. eoods lost by 
shipwreck, and UmxA floating on the sea. 

rieeoosa, &c See under flock, a flake. 

fleek, flok, »., a flight of birds sitting on the 
ground ; a company ; a Christian congregation. 
— ^.f. to gather in flocks or in crowds '.—pr.p. 
floddng ; pa.p. flocked'. [A.S. floe, a flock, a 
c o mpany,jfi^/', a Rymg—fleogan, to fly.] 

flesk, flok, n. a lode or flake, as of wool. [See flake.] 
floeeosa, flok'Os, ioeiv. flok% adj., abonmdinf witk 

flocks or locks. [h.flocc»stu^-floccms, a flock.] 
floeealan^ flok'Q-lent, «4f-» adkerittg in locks or 

flakes.— «. leea'akBee. 

flea, flo, »., a flake or piece of ice detacked firom 
an ice-field: a huge collection of floating ice. 
Vy9c^flag{,^fiis,fd\ot).\ See flake. 

flog^ flo|^, v.t., to beat or strike; to lash ; to dias- 
tise with blows x—pr.^. flogspng ;/a./. flogged', 
[akin to ^oolLfleg, a blowTL.^<t^, root oiflag- 
mm, a ^\af,fligo, Gr. pUssd, to beat.] 

flood, &C. See under flow. 

floor, flflr, I*, lit « flat surface; the part of a 
room on which we stand ; a platform : the rooms 
in a house on the same level, a story. — v.t. to 
liimish with a fUxxr:— pr.p, flootlng; pa.p. 
floored'. {A.S. flor. W. llawr, Dutch, vloer, a 
flat surface; Gar. ^wr, flat land.] 

floortag, flOilng, n., materialfor floors : a platform. 

flora, flO'ra, n. in mytk., the goddess of flowers; 
the whole of the plants of a particular country ; 
a caulogue of plants. W^—flas, a flower. ] 

floral, flo'nu, adf., pertaining to Flora or to flowers i^ 
in bot., containing the flower. 

flonaoonea, flO-res'ens, n., a bursting into flower; 
mboL, the time when plants flowerw W-florescens, 
w.p. of floresco, to b^in to blossom— ^i^yw, to 
blossom— :/?«r, a flower.J 

floret^ flO'ret, i»., a little flower: in bot., a separate 
little flower of an aggregate flower. 

florteeltara, flo'ri-kul-tfln n.^ tke culture <(f flowers 
or plants. il,.flos,floru, a flower, and oaltare.] 
—atU. florleaflaraL — n, florleaf torlsfe, a florist 

iorld, flozld, adj. lit flowery; bright in colour; 
flushed with red : containing flowers of ihetoric 
or lively figures ; richly ornamental.— a/v. flor'- 
yOf. — M. flet t daosB. }X»'fl^rieh$*—flos.'\ 

flUc^Or; B^hAr; mine; mOte; mOta; mOQo; Men. 


wllim M^ ta-riPtr-mtm/N^ Uming or produdng 
Jhwert, rL.jUt,jUru, txAftf, to Dear.) 
»rlfan^ flflrrMonn, m4i„ htanug tkt fvrm ^ m 

Jl0wer, flover^luipM. JUjUt, and Fttm.] 

ttite, llor^ li. orig. a Fioreiituie coin i Hmpfnl 

with M# bly/Umtr, dw national bodga of Vior- 

; a filTar omn. vahM at. [F^., from It 

ficrin»—fUrt, a lily— L» /Km.] 

writes an aoooimt ofplanta 
loaeaK floAOl, i*., «yf»rr/ of an aggngate flower. 

[Fr. — \,,JUicmt$a, dim. ciJUsA 
floeealar, flof1c04ai; l oa w jea^ flocTkfl-his, «i£^., «Mi- 

^ostddLmusfJUKtUti or tubular floreta. 

floa^ floe. li. the iooti downy or silky substance in 
the hnsKS of certain plantS| as die bean; portions 
of siOc brokoi dK in unwuidinff it--«4ir. iessV. 
W\.JU9ci^--L./iuxm, loose-^MT. to flow.] 

iswdit, flo^««ilk, li. an inferior kino of tUk made 
(wmjlcti, or larelied fiagBients of fifaia. 

rietaft^ notatlM. See under neat. 

rMma. See under rissii 

ftottt^^'^le»ion. See under Ileali 

floanes^ flouns, vM to do anything with noise and 
bluster, like one /hmgimr about in water; to 
throw about the lunbs and body ; to lounge and 

vi<Jent motion :— ^./. flooa'deiiag ; /a./, floun^ 
dered. [akin to flo aan .] 

floanes^ flonns, M. ajMaci^strfo or bonier sewed 

to the sldrt of a dress. — r./. to fiindsh with 

flounces. [Fr. Jr»nei»^ a plait : prob. from low 

L. /romtiatrg, to wrinkla the brow— L. Jriu, 

frtntUt the brow.] 

fleaader, floun'dte^, ». a small flat fish, generally 
found in the sea near the mouths of riven. [Oar. 
JImuUr, Sw.>liM^!ns.] 

near, FloariA. See under flew. 

no«l» flont^ v./. OK i.,i0 Jmt, mock, or insult ; to 
treat widi conte mpt >->r^. flont'tng; >«>. 
flout^ed.— «i. a mock; an insult [Dutch, >fa9>^ 
/m, to flatter; Goth. yKeatteiv, to boast; Soot 
JlyU, to scold.] 

Flew, flo. v.tL, UJIh or run, as water: to rise, as 
the tide : to move in a stream, as air ; to gude 
smoothly; to circulate, as the blood : to abound: 
to hang loose and waring: In B,, to melt— «./. 
to cover with water >-^.>. Ikiw'ing ;iia.>. flowed'. 
[A.S. iCnnm, Qm.jMuen, aldn Xonigkm, to 
flee,yn<rvM, to tky. l^Jhta, to flow, /&«#, to rain, 
Gr. MM, to overflow , Sans.>/M, to swimj 

flew, no, IS. a stream of water or other fluid : a 
stream or current ; the setting in of the tide from 
die ocean: abundance ; copiousness ; free expres- 

flowsrs, Wtttt n.4L in B,^ b Lcriticus, menstnial 
ditckargtt, [L. iftt^fvr.] 

flawtag; flolng. m^f- moving as a fluid ; fluent or 
smooth.— <Mnp. flowlagly.— «. iew^Bgaesi. 

flood, flud, IS. a mnaxftmn of water; a river, so in 
B.i an inundation ; adduge; the rise or flow of 
die tide : any great quantity.— v./. to ov eri l o w ; to 
inundate :—jN'>. flooding; As./, ilood'ed.— fha 
need, the ddiwe in the days of Noah. [A.S..^W.] 

flaad-gs*^ flud'-gat, m., a raU for letting wateryKMv 
throv^ or to prevent U: an opening or passage; 

». a pretematund Hkhmirgt of 

an obstiuctSon. 
blood ftdBtiEe 


fl«t*«Ml^ flod^'Olik, IS., i!A/ jwori or Kna to which 
the /»ii!r rises. 

«wW, ticnfkXt n^.tkthUntm^m^tmtUl the best 

of anything ; the prime of ufe ; the person or 

thing most distin^mshed : a figivc of q>ee€h. — 

v.t. to adorn with figures of flowers.— v.^ to 

blossom: to flourish :—/r^. flow'ering: /«./. 

floi/cred. [L..^,.^M», aUn to Blow, BleoeO 

lewerei flow'te^t **•# ^ UttU/Umtr; a floret 

leawlss^ flow^dT'les, m^. in h^U, kmvmrms/Umtrt. 

iowwy, flow'd'-i, «^'., /mil if or adorned with 

/Uwert; highly embelhsbed with figurative style, 

florid.— <i. iow'wlaess. \JUwer. 

flower-bod, flow'dr-bud, ff.» a ^W with the unopened 
MV. flour. ». lit tkeJUmtr or finest part of any 
thing; toe finer part of meal; the fine soft powder 

of any substance. -^>.#. to veduoe into or ^winlrla 

flour >-:^^. I 
Jlor (dtim k mrmm , of meal), fine flour; from L. 

with flour v-^^. flooring ;>a^. floured [Sp. 

flM, /Urit. a flowar.] 

•earli^ flmosh, v.u lit U JImmr or blossom ; to 
grow luxuriantly ; tobepro^Mroos: to use copi- 
ous and flowery hnguage : to make onuunantal 
strdces widi the pen.— v.n to adorn with 
flourishes or ornaments ; to swing about by way 
of show or triumph: >r>. floivlshiag: /aj>w 
floui'ished. [oU £>W^ oki FrTySr^, Spw 
JUfte$r, from L.>Mfvaerfir, to bloasom-s/tSw.] 

•eartsh, flur'ish, ». decoration : showy qilendour : 
a fi^fure made by a bold stroke of the pen ; the 
wavmg of a weapon or other thing: a parade of 
words ; a musical prelude. 

fleailiftlaff, flur'tsh-ing. adj. thriving; proq>arous i 
making a show.— mw. flear'iAlanr* 

flswa, flOn,/0>. of riy. 

FtaftoaH fluk'tO-tt, v.^, UJImu m» m wmm; to 
float backward and forward; to roll hither and 
thither: to be irresolute: / r^. fluc'tlUlting; 
iia./. flnd'tQIted. {!L,/lmim0,Jfwctumiiu^Jlm0' 
tut, a my—Jima, to flow.] See flew. 

ta rt aatloa, fluk-tlM'shua, m. a rising and fidling, 
likt a wave: motion hither and thither : agit»- 
don; unsteadiness. 

Ftai^ flOO, IS. a ddmner or pipe by whiqh smoke can 
jUw or fly oiC [oU Fr.Jfm, a flowing-:/f«rr» 
L,Jin0. to flow.j 

•asa^ flOIfent, odj^flcwmgtK cspable of flowing ; 
ready in the use of words ; vohible.— «/fo. ta'aUy. 
[L.^amr, /CfMw/ir, pr.p. tAJhi0. to flow.] 

•aaasy, flOO^n-si, is., ftiaUty ^ being /Ivent ; 
smoothness : readiness of utterance ; vohibility. 

tald, ftiStfiA, a4^.j tkaiJUw, as water; liquid or 
gaseous.— M. a Hqnid, not a solid. 

lildtly, flOO-idl-d, w dnsii^ flOCTid-nes, m., the ttaU 
^ being Jtmd: a liquid or gaseous state. 

toBS^ flOOm, ». Ut « mwr or stream ; the channel 
for the water that drives a mill-wheeL [A.S. 
/lum, a ftream ; l^Jtnmen, a river-^t**.] 

flaor, flOO-or, «. orig. ajtnid tiaie; a beautiful 
mineral, often cnrstalused. and usually called 
ftaor^var. JFr., &om L.^«».] 

•aerls^ flaononk, adj,, ifw pertainbg XoJIuer, 

flakSb flOOk, ». a flounder. [A.8..^, a flounder.] 

ftakSb flOOk, I*, die part of an anchor which^^/rw# 
in the ground, [akin to^t ^ plough, Ice. 
JUikeit to tear.] 

name. See under Has. 

riiiMBisij. flum'te^i, n, an M&f Jelly made fimn the 
husks of oats, the Scotch sowens: anything 
insipid; empty compliment. jyf. Uymrx Ifymr 
rig, hai^ nm—Uym, sharps severe.] 

fitte, tkt} mf,hir; mlfie; mOto* mQte; mOOn; Meq. 

nukj, aa^iki, ■.«!!« 
mean, cnncbig fellow. 

nw. Sh BBilcr Rh. 
nuir, Oiir'ii H. a uUBbbu 

wind I vioUnt Bcintuii j Ix 

U MOta >-^> aurtrini; «., 

hipt cop^ inia ru*««, mi.j 

TitMk, floik, iii,| fljftrB of blood to Ih* fu* suliig 
ndiwit ; Adda i afwb* : Uoob ; qliuiuUiica. — 

eoH »d in th* ha.-^r,f, M «»)i wltli Sonias 
mta : lo nalti nd in the fta : u udu vitE 
]oT:-^^>flu«h-iii«;/«^.fliul»l'. [C«.^i 

felik. fliuh, mdJ.,/llniHt Mf It 

Tifour ; abouodUv; h«Tin[lti« «<uk_M Hno. 

Ttaitv. flui'Ur, ■., hmttlbit or bhattrinf! cso- 
riuicn ; tunL— v-iL to buillt ; to bi uiuied.-^ 
p-f, to qnkn hoi And confuied i—^-f- flutter- 
in( : >■>. fluttered, [skin lo BnUr?] 

IM^ neat, n. • musal pipe wiih SnfvOiolB and 
ken uonded br Uffwutg; i cheniiel» u on a 
piikr, oiled elu ItflK.— cjL Id pbr Ik* OuU. 
— *./. ID fan fhua or chuiKll is i—^r^- Uf- 
bfi/^/.lAfed. (Fr,, old Fl.ib>iilr, IL./fw!», 
freml^^.Jbi^na, to klow.] 

t««, taatti, ihmm, BiutiM, ■., a/ltd* f^ir. 

[knr G«r. flamkrm, Ei 

to./, liai'riadr [p< 

c:/>.>.aiulwrl'. [C 

rnrt, tDflo»i 'L.Jtnx—fiiH, 


r-wiw, m., i/u *a ^ * Ay- [pro. e. 

UhIi, (ffi of iBiKfou.]-;a^, tr-Mnm. ai'-blsi^ 

r rttilir, flf-kad^tf. ■. a inuJl Inrd. lo ^n^p 

fnun Lis t^ldUKf^irt while oi (he wibg. 
■r«di, flT-Aili, v.Z, toybA wii]i./f;Kt, natoni or 

■rd^dal, ej Wt'^s. Ry'-idlJsf. 
t74HC flf-IEr, «. e blank U^VL ^ bqiniuni and 

end oi'abook. 
tywfcm, IV-wbd, a. a bean akitl ipiilled is 

. — ».: . ■:_'- -1.- effect <rf tbo numriE 

fb^nr^fiil^ jv,, ajl^ widch can leap froca 
a and tunain iuelf in the aii Tor a duit 
lectoTvJ floL u \ififinr' 
i^Awli'nl, iL 1 »w>T*/[n S 
rka, which bu a broad fold Q 
n betwe en itt fore and hind l^i, by which t 
1 caka fnal Icapa in the air, aa iifyu^- 

fvaia, IBm, m.,JMJk; tha bubble* 

the nuuce of liquon.— «riL to fli „ 

*- ~ - -ice^-*.f. in B. (with >■/) id tbriMr oat 
I or Ttolcna \—*r.t, fnamliw ; t^^^ 
[A.S. /n., Ah, Oar. /«., aku to 

_ ., —tt", to iplt; Sant/irM, frolh.]— 

Wr. faaai^ac^. — *4i- Ciaitli^ without foam, 

taaar, nan,^J.,c*BmdmilMfiami trVkj. 

rAliA,>.aBnall>Kif<forawali:h. [pnr.OK 

Piea^ IVfak K bt. tfirtfUat h itM^^ a point 
in whieh tba lar* ofliffht nie«t after nflectloa or 
nfractka, and caoH ireal heat : anv ccotnl 
psiBU^ te'eaaa and fM (O'll]. [I.>«u, far 
Jwviait—^m9, to baaLI 

taHl, (VW a^-. </'« hJnmiai lo sjWw. 

ro^ fb, ■. lit. AW wkt kMUs uodier ; an eneny t 
an LltwUier. (A.S./a*-iAH.JW— > Uhata.] 
SeeFtai, aquarroL 

f iMM. Rhnu). ■., as nnv In vu.~/l fii^ifc 

VMa^irtM. SeeVrtK 

rif, fbff, ■., ■ 'Ucl auit fwitaiT neour ridna boa 
either land or water. [Dan. jav^. thick lallinc 

tiHTi foi^iidj..^Utd»U*fit; damp: clouded in 

mind, ■tiipLd. — adv. ttt^ar.^-ir. fetf^HL 
Itt-lMMk, fof'-baaik, n. a deoH nuut of/y Hoia- 

timel leen at tea appeaini(-like a taajfdlud. 
'•■. fog. Feneo. Toe'I], ■. Iobi/tku lelt maalas 

DD paum tiU winiet. [lowL./yivi'M; W. 

J^f. diypia.! So»./V. IM»I 

tempt, [a fonn of rutfuj 
MHe, foHil, ■., a/oUf or auiMe/ in u^l 
charaOer! aUUnc [old Ft.yMA, waak.] Sea 

FoU, foil. v,t, it, U rtniirJttUA or uKleaii to 
ptuile i to diiappeiu i—fr.p. Ibif inc ; fa^. 

defeat. IFi. 4^rbf^yW,>i^ fboUih, (Mlea.) 

Ml. fi^, .. a Uchi ewsd wd* Umtt b* a buRoo 

Btthaad,iMdiBfad^ [rr.fVlial^faliniied.] 

, ttfillBtf or 1^*^"^ of Urn 

boVIUI, fool'-EiwI, «., 

Jeproa thcgnwul: , , -— ^ 

IhI«>u«^ fdOc'-giRll, mj/., riamU IhM K... 

» /M, ibe Am of iba Brinih foot-»ldicn. 
ttt^^aM, faaf-hald, ■., ■ iMinf la fii /M; 

llul which ndmiiu tht leet. 
fiimi. liMriB^H.,ifmaArai^lU>itM eo-. 

Sm IbuiidiaeB: poBUoa; tenlentuiti troiil; 

i w i f , foQiTa. *ff.. fawf M>r<. 

toM^i^ fDot'-miui. n. Dn(. «ndmJ., a Kildiawho 

in Txray.—fLl uM ■»■ ' 
fril Miirt. f«K'-adik, i Mtpt ti ^ fool'-pciat, ■., Uu 

martvfniiti/»,^tt; itnck. 
tHt-ptd, foDt'-piid, IL ■ h^nTOHaoinitibaoD 

AsJ, who frsnicnu nihlw/sMi oi louli. [Fh^ 

~~rt fooc'-^frfli-jfa, ■. oifl whojtauM 
It s n]«t In the .Art of 

liula jbtM 

r, fciof4fll-<tr,».tajK£/HT'll 
»#iliu, foot'-Uawk, K. ID Alt., thi 
■I Ihc Jtel of ud tuppottiiif 1 laC 

ud pnn, E. itaA a cue for Ibefiiu 

Ml : t. p jcfc: oice of ■ c 

Vsl, fop, ■. lit. a Ki>ii', vnrtUtu fiUtm; ui 
■ifccui] dudT. ^Xf-fitftf, fcyperio, nlly ulk 
— U M^, ■ woRhleti fElbnr, lit. ^oilad 

«, fnpninff, •., a fitly /if. 

IT. (ijp'tio. iL. dUUkmino'^tftffm&j 

Itcb or muiaen : afftcution ; fall*. 

Wm, bi, tr^.,^ii.Jrn v itfort: ia ilicpUce of: 
fcr Ihi Bin of; on uxoiul of; in ihe directioo 
ofi withmpod to; benctdil to : io quol of; 
of; <liinii(.— ulir.uEirucoaoenu. \A.%^rr, 
Ctt.JtIr, vrr, utr, ikin to L. ud Ci. /ng. Sun. 
/n, bdoro in pim or tima.] 

Mr. for, mf/. tbe wonl by vbidi ■ iCMOB i> fatio- 

tkrin. Id New TeU., nolrilhilindisi. 

fc t— w i fc , fco^u-miiaa, t*nj-t/9r tn tutieki Edgoi^ 

^■w, foi'CT'b, mdv.tfer rvrr^/or fmry liDio to 

(w'KliIa.iiionWto. ""^ 

tan lor'^, ».,/kddrr. or food for hom ud 
^Jtlo; pnmnoai: tbo act of fDnpnc.— «.f, to 
fo aboit and forcibly carrf off ibod for hone* 
ud cattle, u aoUien.— v.f. to plundET •.—fr.f. 
n'aginf ; M^ br'accd.— n. !■■ '■ ««■■ [lo* L. 
iiwrina, TocfdEr ; II Aifirn; aec toUar.} 
■^- .,__• "-B incurJoa 


Ftm* fbMO\p.f., Uttmmyjrtm; Io(imi 

FiCTf^ fop^et', p./-, b /rt or put mw from I 

mainarr; towslea. Uv, imT, add •••.] 
IrfiHIl, (or-ca'^Dl, ilf, aftltfirgri; inatli 

beauEuni uiH Dowcn, rcfaroca ifaroufliout 

FBitrvj tw^'^t B.I. oris- J^xnH<»ar, tornffDj 
to Rmil ; to pardon. T>f. »«», "^ «»*1 

riaaHHi^ for-in'nis, m., ml 'f firpvint ; par- 
doa ; tcDiistioa : di^obliDD lo pazdon. 

Mfhte fbt^Ving, adj., iupaud li Jbrxinl 

Fofltia, fop-Lom^ *^J-, JH*' ■■'^ or Zvt Iroia 
otban ; fonakai; wretched. lA-S./MrvHt pa.p. 
ofJMlPtam, to loae-v^, awaVf uid tretam, to 
n; Gar. wnEma, pa.p. of ivrATva, toloao.] 

tentn^aptf £br.toni'40p, nt a body of aoJdicra 

the liigti ofirtieaa nf^ it a^Mm HOC 
Pmab^ for4lk'. i>./. lit. toput MtwrtboaiUectof 
dUfmU; to dcKitj to abaudaB :—/>-.>. fontk'. 

away, and old E.'uAr, diiputa, utife— A.S^ 

FenwHT) fbr-twb'j p.A, te rvfur tiwar from tha 

ea*^ Hlf, to iwtar (altely, to coounii perjury* 

larta, tin, n, ilmflk, fmrr; pntnre; is 
■UTdl,, that which proclucea or tendi u> produca ; 
a change in a body'i itate of rctl or motioiLj 
monl power; Tiolencc: compuliioo: efficacy; 
validity : energy ; vehemeDce ; military or naval 
itRiiith(ofteD »>'.); an armament. [Ft.— low 
l^/tn^/rrlia—l^firlH, Rroeg.l 

fBTOO, fl)Ta» U.I, to draw er puUL by mam itrwnglAj 

attain ; to compc!! by itrcTiEth oi evidence ; to 
take by violence; to xaviin; to acn lo the 

Uto^mg ; >d>. Itttnd'. 

ipea rap!dlT^.^^ Uto^mg ; >d>. 11 
a. {MiOrA, a4f.,fiill^Ara or might ; 
LCting with power. — adu. Mea'fallr. 

f, fllf^m|,KLln lurf., (he ait •ilfinlivet 

toHDI lb* (tswth of ^anta. 

pam^ nirf.punip, (tt^lag-pa^ ■., _m ^umt 


roTM^ ttn, v.t In eeokiry, U ih^t M • fowl}— 
>r./. fOrc^ : p€i.^. forced', [a corr. of Fmm.] 

fore«-iDMlik fiw-mft, i*., mmw/ chopped fine and 
highly Mfsoned, used as a siting or aloaa. 

f orotpi, foc'sepa. n, a pair of tongi. piiicert. or 
piten for holdmg anythiitf difficult to be ndd 
with the hand. [L.-^rrA, aa opanhig which 
the instnimeat makes in ocder to V^fh *>m1 
ra>*9, to hold.] 

ferdpatei. fof'si-pit-ed, mdj, formed and 9pmkti 

ford, ntrd, n. a place where water maj bt croutd 
on foot. — v,t. to cross water on foot \—pr,p. (6t^' 
iagi/a./. (brd'ed. {A-S.,yknm, to fp; Ger. 
Jurt^fakrtHt to go on foot; akin to Or.>0fvir 
—root of perait to cross, and to E. fin in 
thoroaghfan^ andfiwry.] 

fHdabla^ fordVbl, m4i., thai wu^ h$ frrdtd or 
passed without swiinminc. 

Vors^ for, m4f', in/nnt </; advanced in nosition; 

coming fint — the front; in the mat part; 

previously. [A.S. radically the same as Var.] 
fc n s w, form'to, tulj. (comp. of Feie), mort/brt or 

first; before in time or order; past; firtt men- 

tiooed. jA.S..^rMM, first, si^perl. ot/rrt, and 

comp. snmj^ vr.] 
temerly, formra4i, mdv,, inftnmtr Hmu; her»> 

fti wssst. inmost, m^. (simerL of Vort), /trtt in 

place; most advanced ; first in rank or dignity. 

[A.S..^r»M, first, superi. ct/mt, and supcrL 

suffix, 'St.] 

firearm, for'*ftrm, m. theySrrv part of the mnmt ot 

that between the elbow and the wrist 
foreana, for-4rm', vX, i0 mrm or prepare hi^9r§- 

ffBTsbedi^ f&fwbOd', v.t,, £0 itdt, tell, or fear Af^Sw^ 

Ma$td: to foel a secret sense of something fiiture, 

especially of evil [See Bode.] 
fSwbodimMt, f&r-bOd'ment, m., ati offfrAotUng, 

fvebedlag, flte^bOdlng, n, % b0diH£ or pei c e p tion 

Iw iossl . Or-kaslf, v,t, U cmsi or contrive A0(br»> 


^Wfs^ See onder Ftaksar. 

foNffoiag, fOi'gO-ing, tutj.^gomgUftrt, 

CnHTOvad, forground, «»., ikt gmmd or spec* 

which seems to lie btfart the figures in a picture, 
forahaad, forehand, a4i> taken m hand or dooo 

^C^fv needed. 
Ihtshsndsi. foiOiand-ed^ m4f,, fgnhmmd; season 

able : formed in the foreparts, 
face h sad, to/he<L n. the.>»Trpart of the Afts</ abov 

the eyes, the brow, 
taaladfs^ for-juj'^ p./., UJmtgt iq^rt hearing th« 

Osicts and proof. 

r, for-nO^, v.t, U kn^w bf/9nkmHd; to for^ 

•a; to scheme: to f o res ee ; to provide against. 
7.i. to form schemes beforehand, w. f s ff ssai t^ er. 

Ibceeail^ foi'kast, m. a previous oontrivance ; fore- 

ftoeoastls^ forlcas-1, m. dmt part of the npper deck 
of a ship bq^nt the foremast, so called from the 
small turret or cttU near the prow in ancient 
vessels ; in merchant vessels, the forepart of the 
ship under the deck. 

foteolossk for-klOs', v./., U clou bf/Sfrt something 
can get in ; to prevent ; to stop. 

fSteelesare^ ibr-klOs'Qr, m., a/ortelotittf; in Imw, 
the depriimtion of a mortgager of tne right of * 
redeeming a mortgaged estate. 

focs^dale, for^Al^ v.7., U doit bq/bf the true time. 

fors-dMk, fiVi'-delc,«i.the/»rvpartofai^Aorship. 

fora-ead, foi'-end, ». the tmd that goes fint or that 

fortfatlMr, foi'f ft4l4«r, n, an ancestor. (TMs^ and 

fSrsfSad, for4end', v./., t9 ftnd or ward ^ or 
tnoay; to,prevent the approach of; to hinder. 

ftminw foi'fing-gte. ».. M# Jingtr b^0r* the 
others or next the tnumo. 

'*^ «». one of the>W/ of an anunal M 
the head. 
Tt, M., thtfromi fM/onmoA part 

ter«kae«lo4f% for^noKcj, n., kmmUdit of n thing 

Ac/^r» it h^n^ens. 
IMsad. forland,!!. n point of ArW running .^f^ 

«Ham into the sea. 
forsieek, ftelok, «., tht UA of hair on tho^rv* 


fsrimsa, fito'mai^siy tktjirtt or chief wmm; aa 

overseer. ^^/. forvmsn. 
rhrwssst^ foi'mast. «., tke mmsi dmt i»ySn9 or im 

front, or next the bow of a ship. 
krosMBtlsMd, for-OMn'shund, m^,, mmUmid l#- 

f»r* in a writing or discourse. 
fSnnamsd, fte'nlmd, mt^», ummtd or mentioned 

tesaoon, foi^nOOn, is. tho part of the day be/or* 

«M»M or mid-day. 
l is i s aM lIss^ foihn</tts, ft, «##&» of anything bq/ort 

it happens. 
Ml msla, formr-dln'. v./., U prdaim or appoint 

bq/brthtrnd; to predestinate ; to prodetemune.— 

n, fm% iiilas*tlsiL 
iarepar^ f&i'plrt. »., tki ^ari befrn the rest ; the 

front; the beginning : m A, tne bow of a shu>. 
far»«aBk. for'-rangk, m., thg ramk which is b^fort 

all the others ; the front 
farOTsa, for-run', v./., U nm or coma bffrrti to 

fScsraaaar for^un'to, m., a rm$$ier or messenger 

sent bqfntt a sign that something is to f(41ow. 
Unrsssll, foi'-sSl, «., m tail attached to thmforf 

yard on die foremast 
H s r sst^ tfk^,9.i, or i.,ip St* or know bi/5fr*Mami, 
Hwsshadnw, for-sluufO, vJ., t9 tkmdow or tyjMfy 

b^9 VtfUMJM, 

teealdp^ f&r'shipk ». in A, the bow or.^nr part of 

f la r sslin fft eB^ for-shorlfn, v.U In a lecture, to repre- 
sent the sA^rlrMi/ appearance of an object pro- 

foieslMrteBla^ for-short'n-ing, is. in painting, the 
representation of the j^^rtoiwrfi^ipearanca of an 
object projecting.^mMn^ 

llwislsa, fsi-4^f v.t,, tp thffm or jnspreaant bqftn^ 
han^ ; to predict 

forssids^ foi'sTd, »., tkt ridt towards tht front* 

fsroslgkt foi'sit M., act qffntstnng: wise for«> 
thought pradenoe. (TMrs^ and slgkl] 

fiMWllB, forskii^jN., ilA# jiw that coven the /£uM 

focestaH, for^stawl', v.t, lit to buy goods bf^»rg ihtey 

are brought to stmU or market : to anticipate, 
iftttsali^ filr-tlst', v.t., t0 tatto b^ort possession! 

to anticipate. 
fai eta st s^ Ivtist, »., m t4uts befntJkattd; antidp^ 

f b ret sn, foMef, v.t, to teUbi/bn; to prpphesiij.^ 

V.L to otter prophecy.— m. farslslKer. 
tersthoaitit, fSi'thawt «., « thought or thinking 

bf/orthamd; provident care. 

fiUe,Ar; m^hte; nbe; mOto; miltoi fflOQa; thm. 

*nti>i^ IBi'USilEB, ■., ■ Itttn or i 
fontahiii, fOr-UTln, if./., tt aprtfy 
ftxtsatk ni'IODUi, ■.. ■ htl* b OiafirMrt tl 

■he twrtHlk. Rti'tllh. 
fantoh ftlr'toD, ■., iuii<., ths pIuTonn u th* 

head oTlhe (orsmuC. 
l»iiliHMit^ tfbr-tot^GviEt, ■. In ■ ihjp, Uk4 matt 

erected ti ihe Up of Ihe /omnatt. And ju tha 

famnn nr-mim', v.y., to Bum bi/trtltaimt: U 

ijzass" -*'^ •™"*" — * 

•btwhC foi'wud, brwute fei'inidi, aA;, to- 
nmnili what i> l(/bn gr in front; onmrd; jm- 
■T«Hiv«Ly:— 4«aHd te bHkwiii4. (A.5. Ap' 
iimrrf-^Wr,,^n, and —frf , <i%, dirsEllaa.] 

IVwu«, (bi'wanl, «tf. nor or al ihajfoviiuti b 
advance of ■nmrthin f dbe : Iradf 1 tog ivkd J ; 

fo^ok'iQc, d^. btdoeginf to couili oT 
eld br the Rvun* ia Ihe yii —i ; ued 
plcAdini- ^ Jtrtnt U f o n a m , mirlut- 

fmnd and m 

-^V. fe'eari™ ; >i^. fv'tmd. [li. ><tM, 
old Ft. j4rTf<~lciw l^/tnttum; Ca. /mil 
proK from t^/rrmt,/rra, out ('ooori.J 
W m i ii . for'gfMr, v., fftu wbo ho charfo f^ « 
/frtsi ; an iDhahilant of ■ foTOt. 

Visian, for'Bt. 

waajifrBm ooe'i lelf ; to Ime Ih* lithl 
■e Jaiill or crlsu i—tr-t- foi'fcidiic : te/. 
>. thai irhkh li fcrfeil«d : ■ p«ult* 

fnart, to tthat-firii, out U ioan, bcTDod, 

K lo^l-k-bl, M^., tluU maj It/nfnUd. 
t, (bi'fit-ar, ■., ft tfftmUmf. ixUn of 

!/*.(. of *>■« 

up of tfiittr t. — _ 

li ndthr: a ekca when 

aa7thlB|;Iiahapadoriiiule.—<*.tfL to form W Ileal- 
ln£ uvi huuMriDC : to (bnn ; ta make uImIt f 
to bbrl^Lte ; tA counterfeit. — V,L to Anunit for- 
gtry i—pr.t. (BreToB : /■>. (Orgrf. \Ji.JtTt*, 
rrtn-fmrfm, I^JairK»-/ititr, I wnkiaan.] 

NeiK, iBij'ii, ■., MX wlf.Ari« u maha; oaa 
fuilly of forveiy, 

feTfciT, IM^trl iL.w* ^.^'^'''V. or pnxliio- 

laiA r«r«MM, fte. Sm tinda rBtsi. 

Knei. r«(oM>^/*^'^ Mid>aJ. iiffiML 



iw end ; on* of the pobkla or 
f fork-like :-4a fLihabne 

1 fork : to pitch iritt a foik ;-~ 
■ \ forked', [A," - 

.. , _._^. foik^ ■4'. ii 

/iiHi.—adv. (erk'eUj.— w. drt'etH 

>^./. (orkloc; iaJ. forked', [A.3.>n,- W. 

Inkeik rorked, n>^, foik^ ■ 

/r.f. forrn'mi': *a>. f^moir. 
^■■■l fonn'al, *4t-, tuofdirig UJrfm or 

Iht farm OD^ 1 haviuf tZu powv of BiaLing s 
thinti^atiiu;oiHniia];^DpcT, — ^p.fKH'aUy. 

at of re b gioo. 

OMBal^rar^, a, {Mmia^ ^ Mag 

me; prodtici 

beLiatuif 101 
■ ■alHiitorai'i 

Itictioti I in ritL, a group a itimia 
u eat perioC tllyMaofu'.] 

...-ra'a-tiTfACr.ifrnviA'tw; fn/raM., 

■Brine to form, not rJiol. ■■ in rrmm., n 
derivuin. l¥i./trmmtif, li.f4nHat t vt . \ 

j MM , ftKUi'ir, m,, tm w/u/trmt at uakea. 

toaila, bni'Ikla, ■- lit. ■ AM/r^™ ; * iracriM 
fivm ; a forma] ■ta tem ent of doctzlnei : In mta/Jk^f 
n lOHtnl capreavni for aolrinf jirobleini : In 
c4ne.» irmholi ejqttCHini the compocDdi of ■ 
body.— ^. ennS fora'O^t. fL finmdm, iim. 

tKnIUT. fonafD-lai-l, n,,afirtiimU! ■ book of 
fonnuUB or precedoita. — ajb\ oreacfibed ; rituaL 
[Ti./irmtiUin, ll.JtrmiUmH*-l. JtnrnnU.I 

iwlit fot'mik, mij.,t*n»Mnt It mmli, m braut 
acid, otiiinallr Noised bnn ut*. [L. jkn 

Iwnl-K forWcU, m^., mtmt&tt m ami. 

iHcaUit^m. fiw-al-kl'ilnin, h. b Hutioii lik* thtf 
of tmU Boopina on the ikiB. [L..jWiwwltr- 
/trmacmn, to m op liko an ant— ^^n«n.J 

gumiHami loi'DMl-bt ■</- , cmtrnffoar; adapted 
u eadle leai.— aA. IvUfcMr.-^. Kc^UaNk 
n— . \\,frrmidMii*-^r^dJm,imi.\ 

KnlaalS Ibr'oUlt, FenlMad, l«'nUat-*l. mdf^ 
mrtfud: In tit., aichinc ow. [L. AnwafM 
->mte,yiT>rA^ an arch.} 


I. rot'u-lat, v.l W csDmlt lewdDot; to 
..■.i._r..i ^-..i l,..™-~.Tj ;_^,^. Tot'iii- 

ui iircb. ■ vauh, ■ bnxhcL) 

inccK. and rnquenllir idoUtrir. 

guiltr of ]twitiat.-^fim. I«li>ki^ foi^i-lil- 
fiiMlM S« luider ftrtiar. 

artunlT' lA.S./eivA-rfi>; taiirii,aalh.i 
Vgrt, Itrt, rn. IJL n 

rH fo/lL a/p- Id mtuic, iirtii£fy, with «mp1iaiu. 
Loud. (It/wir-L./in'ir.] 
nt(r. fa^&fl, v, muMi ilmgor ilrenfir; 

conSjmt^^^J^ tWtifyvkK; f^/- foi'MfTed. — ■. 
a^iatm. [Fr. JMi/tir—L, firti/lcarv-^rrHi, 
ilnnic, lai/actt, ut make.) 
l>»Mli«l1i«, fbr-ii-S-lil'iliuD, ■-, mcl ^ffarH/jnugi 

thu which JbftlAeL ^j,/9riifieaHe.\ 

ot loud. [IL, HperL diftrit; •« Urta.] 
tartttUi, foi'ti-Hkl, ■. arig. tirnclk ; thU Ktoiglh 
d£ mind vhich en ab ltl one fo meet danger or cri- 
dure pain with vlmneBi. \Xt. fe*lihtdi—/9ftu.'\ 
taltim, rur'tm, n., n /anifitd flaa : ■defEoce. 

f axlh, fbith, «^., 3<^w or ftrwitrd in plBCfi 01 

TJew; ■bHJ: b A., eni. [A.S. .i^Wt, Duich, 
wvrd, forward \ Oa-jifrt, oo, fuiucr, ladusllv 
■he ume u Iir ron.1 
ftilliriiiMlii. riiiti't iin.. adi.liatamim£firlli: 

(BrtMlth, rbnh-wilh', ih., irM what itJMA or 

juil befora : immediately ; without dcky.'filCr, bA. IcDmp. of ronk|, nwrir/^nM,- 

. IA.S. >»t*M-, 
camp. ofAnEjI.) 
IKthv, foi'dCr, D.l: la help^rfii m/eneanl. a 

KaMe:—*rJ. fni'iheniiE : >u>. Au'ihaid. 

■— " « rut'/Ur4u, ■-, at/ ^/urOaHitt v 

m, fiir'dir^niSr, aAi., mart/iirttrr or in 


forfnlt, K contnctcd tnjm ftKrUfit 
trbAt or fourteen ds jh. [xv^- 
iTnlt-li, o^/ ud ndt., maajtrt- 


a. ibr'tan-hunl-tr. ■, 1 man who itrnt* 
9r a marriavc with a wdiiiad otfcrtmu, 
ta^im, ro^ton-lei, adj., vdtSeul * / • iiltu ui 

ff. fo'lfiD-tel'^j IL one who pntendl U» 

table i/nf n/ of the itiala af the eulh in a 
pemhed >tate.^ — aJj, in the cocditioti sit a fouIL 
{ri.fiaili L./fciAu^«'«.l 

[aiaina^ii/r. ^^foHitu, wa&/m, to Ixar.] 
biriU^Tbi'iil-iit, n. one ikilled m/oullr. 
M>ltm foiTiil-ta, iM., *B amvtri iiU, afiinL— 

tr.f. foi'iillsni : M./. foi'uflKd.— ■. n^W- 

^■■ nri fc V ibfr^Oi'ia], A^/- ia. aw^., <li£fiHg, burraw^ 

, fcH'lir, v.t. liL ttfirJ; So bring ui 
-age !— i»r.j*- fostering :>!./. fa^en 

child in th« place of iti / 
riMM. tiwt.fa.t. aild/a>. DfniM. 
Inl,f<Hi1,a4[.,cvTn/f,>ir/ruf.- dirty: loalhKime: 

agaiut; eotanglcd.— di/r. fmTlT'— 4. foaTHH, 
[A.S.A'. Get. Jta^, Goth.>ii, mllen, Eomipi ! 
Goaa. with L. /■/», Sans. >itr, Co be putrid.] 

ta^ foul, f.'., <B mairAul, to loiL— cl id coma 
intocolluioo:— >^> fouLlagi >=.>. touLed'. 

(■MMMttJ. rDuKmontbd, acff. addicted la the lue 
of Jiml or profvK iangitAgt, 

niMil. fUD'olit, •., Mr Jmt-mi'rCrfi .- Ihe inle- 
cil. [Fr,.^iiuK, the beech-marten,froinybJv, 
L..^f»«r beech-mast, and Fr. marie, the mu^- 
ten t but converted into Jatbitari, froni an erro- 
neoua nolian thai the name wu taken from tha 
yiK^uicIl of the animal] 

Tima4,fa.l. and /ay. ofnad. 

fnadttac foundlug, n. a ii/tit chi1d.^ub/deacrt«L 

haad. found, w-.t. to form by m/llb>g mi f<mri,t 
into a mould: to asf.—fr.f. founding; faf. 
found'ed. l\t._fimde,fi0HUtt, to pouj.J 

talmllv, fnt-tfa'iii-tl, M,, tJU siaU pfMnt IrHk- 
rtnl a •odety formed on a piind^o of brother- 
hood. ^frmiermUu.\ 

fritMBlM, firat'te-nTx, v.i to associate ai Iroikirs: 
to tedc brotherly feQowihip i—fr^, frat'emlsiiig ; 
Pa.p. frat'emlsed.— flk fra'tenlMr. 

ftalenlntioB, fra-t£r>iii>-&'shtui, n^^ikt act 4^/$w- 
Urmsing or assodatmg ai brethren. 

fratrldd*. frat'ri^d. n., am «mU Jkillt kit hrtiktr: 
the murder of a wmx.^^. tnA'rUUM, [L. 
/raUr^fnUrUt and oni?, to lalL] 

fiaaA. fraud, u^ dtttUi ianraftura; a dooepthra 
trick. VL-frama^/rmmtUtA 

fraa4MI, fraud'fooL «4i.t/mU qffrmmi; treachery 

^ tnmtttOf. 
tnMilmt, fraudlcs, adj., wiUmi/rmttd. 
frmaiilMit firaud'a-lent, rntfy'., «mvt contalnfaig:, or 
obtained by frmmtLr-adv^ teai^liallF. [L. 

fraatfalMee, fraiid'fl4eu, fta ^ ta lwi y , ftaodH-lea-M, 
«., /A^ fuaUty ^htmg /rmmdmltmi or dteeitfuL 

IhncM. ftawt. «4^., frtighttd; ktdmt filed. 

[Dutch, vradUm, to carry ; Qitt.ffmcktt a kMul, 

perhaps finmayvFV^M, to de^iatdi.] 
IragUL frit, ». what a dkip \m /rtmgkl or iaden 

vritk: the diarse for tnuiq^ortiag ^pods by 

water.— v./. to load a ship ^-^^. bmghxflnf ; 

/(>•/• frdght'ed.— «. fntfUftif, money paid for 

fmghl.—n* fkiight^er, mi# wka/rrigkU a Teanl. 

Vlijf fi^ fh, Ml mjfi^j,' • v^ bk B»^ to fiif^iten. 

rngr, frft, v./. to wear off by riMing>~pr.p, frav'- 

ing;/«>.frayad'. [FrvA^jvr,L.>VmMV,torub.] 
fiufc, firCk, ». Ut rnHtttmui a sudden caprice or 

fancT : qwrt. [Ity^T^fiMV, to nib ; Jirgm, long- 
ing desire.] 
frwkklk. frdclsh, adf,, a^i U chtmgt the mind 

suddenly ; capricious. ■ a d o, fk«ik^UUy.' 

fjrsak, frdc, v./., U ipei or streak ; to Tari^ate :— 
>r.>. freaking ; /».>. freaked", [old £.y9v4y», 
/rtcken, Qtx.jUcktn,Jltck, spot.] 

m^K fr«k\ v.t, U ippt; to colour with spots ^— 
>r./. fredPlbg ;/«^ freckaed.-Hi. a yellowish 
spot on the skm: any small spot. [dim. of 
tt%»Sk.\-<t4j, frMkly, full of frecUea. 

fffeeSk fr€, a^. not bound; at liberty: not imder 
amtraJry goremment : set at libeity : guiltless : 
frank: laTish: not attached: exempt (foL by 
Jrom); haviw a franchise (foL by ^f)\ gratuit- 
ous: idiomati^ as a translation.— Anr. frWly. 
— «». frss'^sBS. [A.S.y^w; Get.Jrei; Ioe.yVx] 

tna, fr^ vJ; i0 makt/rn; to deliircr from iN^t 

ooofinea ; to rid (foL byy^VM or 40 >-^</* fil- 
ing ; /«.>. freed . 


frankneas: aeparatioa: prJiolMwa conn ec t e d wTth 

adty: improper fruniKarity ; Ucenceb 
ftis sgway, frf'jUjeD-ai, n., ttatt or power ffaeHng 

Jreffy, or without necessity or constramt upon 

the wm.-«. frW-afwI. 
ft as>s» t ». frihOM-er, «. one who nrres about 

frttly m search of htt iy i a {rfu&derar. [Oer. 

/rri^u Uf / i »$, free, and Ant^r, booty.] 
frsii»se. frrU'maa, i*. . • mam who haa been a 

slave, and has heta^fiwd or set frve* 
trm hsnrtsd. frT-hand-ed, atb'., ^ ptrn k aa d e d: Hbexal. 
tm h m i %aa,£re4axV^M0\,c / e M <t w i rfarf; libecaL 
ft eaha l i , ft«liOl^ «. a propco^ luldfrtt of duty 

eaoept to the king.— m. ftenieMatt one ^Am poe- 

aeaees a fiieehold. 


freemaa, firfi'man. m.. a man who Is Aw or ei^oys 
liberty; one who holds a partkular frai^iise or 
privilege.-/^ free'aMa. 

ArsMBaata, firrmft'Sn. n, one of an awociatton oiiff. 
of auucns or bikers in stone who were.^viAl 
from the laws that regulated common laboorexa* 
and now composed of persons united for social en- 
joyment and mutual assistancen n tnmm'womtj, 
the institutions, practices, &c of freemasons. 

frmtnaa^ fi^stOn, n, any siamt that can bey^^ 
cut or broken: stone co m po s ed of sand or grit. 

freetklakar, frftningk-te, a. one who j)rofesses to 
hc/rM from common modes of Miw iw y in ro- 
nton ; one who discaids revelation.— «b Cfeee'- 
tMakfag, the habit of mind of a freethinker. 

frte-tradla^ frC'-trftd, tu,fr9€ or unrestricted trade; 
imt interdmnge of commodities. 

freewfl], fre'wil, m., frtedom o£ the will from re- 
straint ; liberty of choice. — a^. qrantaneous. 

neoa, frfs, v.i. lit if Moer with cold: to be- 
come ice or like a solid body.— v.f to harden 
into ice; to cause to shiver, as with terror:^ 
>r^. freezing: /»./. fr^ ; >*>>• , b^fnu 
\AmS* fi'MMH^ Dutch, efMscw, Ger.^wvn, to 
ueeae ; Gr. pkri$t9, to shiver.] 

freely fi^ n^tkt act oi ttat* j^ Jrtniagl the 
state of the atmosphere in which water freetes : 
firosen dew, also called hMar^roit. — v./. to cover 
with anyuiing resembling hoar-fitxt :— ^>. 
frosting; /«./. froatfed. [A.S. Jbrtt; Ger. 
frosti Goa.^^£Mr.] 

fivatiy. frosti, <M^'., prodadng or containingi9eo/; 
chm in affection : fros^lik«.— tfiAp*. frean^.— «. 

fresl-tlH frost'-blt, «. the^^wsMT or depression of 
vitality in apart of the body by ejqxMure to cold. 

ftesl-MtMn, frosf-fait-tn, aif., HtUa or affected by 

fteal-bo«Bd, frostf-boond, 04/,, i «tmd or confined 

frortlag, fioat^ing, «. die composition, reaemUtng 
hoso'/rostt used to cover cake, ftc 

fteai-u^ frosf-nll, n, a nail dnven Into a horse- 
shoe to prevent the horse from slipping on ice, 

ftesl-work, froatf-wuric, «., w»rh resembling hoar- 
y9w/ on shnibe. 

rMghft. See under ItaaiM. 

fkaneh, frensh, a(^., htienHag t» Fnma or Itt 
peofae.— «. tibe people or language of France. 

nensr. fren'fi, m. a disease of the mind; madneas : 
wild exdtement : mania. [Qr./4wwrfiti pkt f n, 
the mind.)— «i(^. frea'^aal, paitakin^ of frenty. 

fraatle, fran^tik, adj., in a/rmay; fimous through 
exdtement : wUd.— dJv. firan^MaaOy. [L. pkr*- 
nctiau—Qt. fkrin,] 

VkefMBk, frclcwent; a4f; toiag, com!nfl^ or occtir> 
ring often. \\Mfnqmm,fr*qa»mtit-^axi%, rikk, 
to go.]— «#e. fre'taaBtfy.— «!. fte'iamlain. 

fr e q e aat , fr€-kwent', v.i., t» go /reqitnUfy io >» 
/r^. frequenting; /a>. Mquent'ed.— is. fte- 

.r. fi^kwen-ai, n., ike iiate ef heiagfrt^ 
qiteni : repeated occurrence of anything. 

fret— Italian, fr*>kwent-t'ahun, «•, ike aci ^fre' 
foe mtimg or visiting often. 

frmawtallfs, fire-kwent'a^tiv, adj, in gram., denot> 
ing iiii^ /rwfmemt repetition 01 an acti<m.— «i. m 
grata., a verb rtpresaing thia repetition. 

IkeaosL fretflcO, m. a painting executed on fdaster 
while wet tx fi^th.-'^.i. to paint fat fit^cos- 
>r^. fies'oOiBg ;/a^ fiWcOed. \X\.frmc9, fresh.] 

(lte,fkr; mlbhte; mine; nflle; soAtes aaOOn; Mm. 


tMkf, dnsStfi. adj,, Brisk ; lively: jumping with 
gaiety ; frolicsome. — adv. teUk'flf. — h, MwinMi. 

ftltti, frith. Firth, ftrth. n. a narrow inlet of the sea, 
esp. at the mouth of a river. iL.Jriftum, Scot. 
JirtAf Sw. j^on^ DxOs^ord.) 

Fritter, frit'te, m. a piece of taezt/rud: a kind of 
pancake ; a (nfmtnL—v.t. to break into frag' 
ments >--pr.^, mtt'ering ; /a.^. fiitt'ered. [Ft. 
/riturt—frtrt^ 'L,/ngergJ/rtctu$mf to fry.] 

FMvolovsk friv'ol-us, odj.. coidfy at lighdy esteemed ; 

not worth notice : trining.--^Kft'. fHrolMtdy. — n. 

friVolonmMi. \Xt./rivoltts.^iro\>. contr. fromyW- 

gibubu'ss.frigiduSt cold, aulL] 
mvoUtj, fri>voli-tL »., quality ^ being fnvohu* I 

acts mr habits of trifling. 

FMi^ &c See under FriMS. 

Fro, frO, adv.^ from: back or backward. tA.S. 

ym; Scot..^ or.Af »' seeFtom.] 
Ftoek, frok, n, lit. a flock or fleece ^ wool; a 

monk's cowl; a loose, upper garment worn by 

men; a gown open behmd, worn by females. 

[Fr.yVvr, a monk's cowl ; Pr.y{<0c, a monk's cowl, 

a flock of wool ; low L. yrocta—'L, flocciu, a 

flock of wool.] 
froeksd, frokt, a^/., eloiked m a frock, 
firog, frog, n. an ornamental fast<*ning or taneUed 

button for %/rock m cloak, [from root of Fk«^] 

Fkog, frog, M. an amphibious reptile, with webbed 
feet, remarkable for its rapid swimming and leap- 
ing : a soft, homy substance, in the middle ofa 
horse's fooL so called from its likeness to the 1^ 
ofa frog. (A.S./fvga,/tvsc: Gtr,/rosch; Dan. 
frdc; firom the sound made by frogs.] 

FroUe, frollk, 
n, gaiety ; i , 

to play wild pranks or merry tricks ; to gambol 
-^/r^. frolicking; /<>./. frolicked. [Gtx.frdk- 
iich^ j03rfuU tp-f-rfi^t K^y* <uid lick, like.] 

frolicsome, frollk-sum, tu^.t /ull o/Jrolic, mirth, 
or wild gaiety ; sportive.— «. ftvnesoasBMS. 

tnm, from, Prep.jfortk; out of, as from a soture ; 
away: at a distance; springing out of; by 
reason of. [A.S., Goth, /ram; Ice. framm 
UDd/ra; Daa./rrm, forth, forwsntls.] 

froward, frO'ward, adj.^Jromward, or turned awav 
from : perverse :— opposed to toward.— o^. ttv- 
wardly.— M. fro^war d ns s s. [FtOB, and aflSx ward.] 

FkvBd, frond, «., a loafy bremck or stalk, esp. the 

fern. ^. fronts frxmdis,\ 
fton d sseo n co, fron-oes'ens, n., act o/ Putting fortk 

Uavn ; the season for putting fortn leaves. [L. 

JroMdescotu—^rondeseo, to grow leaf^.] 
froodlfsrovs, fron-dif'6r-us, adj., bearmg or pro- 

ducing.,^iwu&. [L.y>v««, and.^w, to bear.] 

Front, frunt, «., tko/orokoad; the whole face : the 
forepart of anjrthing ; the most conspicuous part : 
the place before the face : boldness ; impudence. 
— adj. of, relating to, or in the front — v.t, 
to stand in front of or opposite ; to oppose face 
to face. — V.U to stand in front or foremost; to 
turn the front or face in any direction ^^/r./. 
fronting ; /o.^. front'ed. {l„JroHt./roHtit.] 

froataca, frunt'flj, »., tko front )fart ofa building. 

frontal, front'al, adj., of ox belonging to tho front 


'^adj'ny, Joyful; merry; pranlcy.— 
' ; a wild prank ; a merrv-making. — v.i. 
Hid pranks or merry tricks ; to gambol : 

or forehead. — n, a front-piece ; something worn 
on the forehead or face : in arck., a peciiment 
over a door or window. [L. frontalia, a front 
ornament for horses.) 
frtmted, fhint'ed, adj. u>nned loitk a front, 
ttoaMn, frontier, n, that part of a country wUch 


f*vnts another ; the boundary of a tcrritonr.— 
adj. lying on the frontier; bordering. iFr. fron- 
tiSre, from 1,. front.] 

tnaMstfiom, front1s-p€s, n, that which is scon im 
front ;^ a figure or engraving in front of a book : 
the orindpal front or face of a building, [low 
"la. hronti^iciu m — fr o nt , and tpecio, to see.] 

fr«wiMes% fruntles, adJ.^ witkout front otfaco; 
void of shame or modesty. 

frentlot, fruntlet, n., a ItttU band worn on the 
front or foreh«uL [diminutive of Front.] 

Frost, &c See under Fk«en. 

Ftotli, froth, M. the foam on liquids caused by loiU 
iiV* oi* *uiy agitation : fig., an empt|r ahow ia 
q)eech; any ^ght matter.— v./. to canae froth 
on. — v.i, to throw up froth:— ^.>. frothing; 
/«.>. frothed', {lo^ Jraml, froaa; low Dutch, 
frathen, froMm, steam, vapour; conn, with W. 
J^Frwd^ a stream, torrent; allied to Broth: an 
imitation of the sound of boiling or rushing water.] 

frvthy, frothl^ adj., full of froth or foam ; empty ; 
unsubstantial.— tfi/v. frowiDj. — n. frD^tnsss. 

FkooBOO^ frouns, v.t, (obs.), to frown or wrinkle the 
brow. — v.t. to plait; to curl:— ^.>. frounc'ing; 
/a./, frounced.-^, a plait orcurL [Fr. frv n cer , 
to gather into plaits ; Dutch^r^nssen^/rwnckeleH, 
to plait, to wnnkle ; \^ front, frontu, the brow. 

Froward. See under Krom. 

Frowa, frown, v.i., to wrinkle the brow; to show 
di^leasure by the brow; to look angry. — v.t, 
to repel by a ixown'.—pr.p. frowning; /».>. 
frowned'. — n. a wrinkling or contraction of tne 
brow in diq>leasure, &c; a stem look. [Fh 
fropur in «r refrogner, to knit Uie brow; It 
infrigno, wrinkled, morose ; prov. It frignarw, 
to make a wry face; perhaps connected with 
FroBBCo.] —adv. frewn'lagly. 

FtoMi, frOs'n. See under Froeaa. 
nrastweoMi^ Ftvotuy, &c. See under Fralt. 

Fkvgal, frOS'gal, adj. lit belonging to fruit or pro- 
duce : economical in the use of means ; thrifty. 
— «4/v. frofgally. \V,.frupUit—frugi,XKm^ttaXjOt 
fit for fooA.—frHX,frugu, fruit] 

tntliiitf, frOO-gall-ti, n., oualiiy <f being frugal l 
prudent economy ; thriit 

froflfisrova, frGO-jif^^us, ad/.tfruU-hearing. [L. 
f>^*^**fi'^^gi*i fruit, and feroj to bear.] 

fragivorons, frOD-jiv'o-rus, adj., feeding on fruitt 
or seeds. ilj.frux,fi^ugis, and mwv, to eat] 

FMt, finOOt, M., tkat wkiek it borne or produced in 
order to be eaten or enjoyed; the produce of the 
earth, which supplies the wants of men and 
animals : the part of a plant which contains the 
seed: the offspring of animals: product con* 
sequence, efiect : advantage. \Fx.fruit; o\AYt, 
fruict; L. fructut, from fruor, fruetttt, and 


fraitortr, friSOt'ir-^, n., one who dealt in fruit. 

frvtteiy, ftfSGi^tX'X, n., a place for stoxing fruit i 

frnltftd, frOSt'fool, adj., full of fruit; producing 

fmit abundantly.— A(/v. frnif f^.— <«. fralfftilnoss. 
frnlUen, frOO-ish'un, n., enjoyment; use or posse»- 

sion of anything, tap, accompanied with plea> 

sure, [old ¥x. fruition, from llfruor^ to enjoy.] 
ftiilMosi. frODtles, adj., not bearing frutt ; barren : 

without profit; useless.— «4/v. 


fftte, fSr; m<, hte; mlae ; mOte; mOte; mODo; /Aea. 

fJ. fcM%M.-<L MiVw. [tow 0«. >» 
■H«p to t>«p«: Dntdi, Jfc fwrf ii^ to cn^ils; 
I>ui.Jkmli, to grepe IMOL] 

vT. to uuk4; to tbnw off npour: to bo ia a 
ngt — w-t. to drr b mwka ; to diapoM In 
vapotmi— ^^ RtMilnri >sy- RlBied^ (L. 
«. — . ^j — n. ' * ■—.. n— .^M^, K. 



V..A'*|doWB, , 

r: « man. with oU £.>■, fooliih.} 

li..Jiia^ffim; droU.-#^. luUr. 

a, fb-namtd-llt, e.£, to iMiEt or duics 

riMMu^ fimck'iluiii,a.,MfWMvo''>tUBC.'^ 
of uf put of ait bo^ 01 

rL.^^HiE^ hoafimftr^^mctua, to parfiviLl 
fiutWwil, Imick'ihiiiHil, aii^ trrlmmiitf U or 
pM f oT Ml br^wMnf.— 2^ ll^fini 

aHyJtimctin or dot7 ; ooo vtw boUa ui oAn- 

a Bm of ■QDoy ai tho ftmn Jiti wut MM OMT- 
■tloai ■ fupfilT or •DUKo of BUiwr' •■onuld 
up ; nqiplr.— ^ debt! do* bj « inmiiiMir ud 
paruv uitmaL w^t. to foim ■ oobt into a itodc 
cuiicd iriih InunM ; topUMnmruKliiad: 
—pr-p. luDdlnc \ t*^ luDd'fid. ^t./tHdt from 
"L-Jimdai, the tottom.] Sco Fond. 
Hiiinim (tnd'a'Ssil, a. lit. On finm d a l in or 
MtoH.-tbalomrput oTKUof uu body. [L. 

^-'viiBt^ ItuHU-DHDt'a], a4i„ptriAinit^ to " 
rrioj lor Iha fi—J-"— ■ — ^.i ■ 

•Erriol br IbiAMi A ttf 

mm, AfalHl, ■., tmimi; ^— ^, 

Bttd at ■ bv^ (It^^irwi2— LjfteiBuii^Brru, 

■ fiimiiil iiiin—iim ) 

Ac J proud Sab bniwd oa wouodL-^, rn(t, 

inudiiDOBi; Gf. 4tA#iicpv, i>^vi"'i aEponge,] 
miM func'cold, iC'.. runxMBV ■ Miatfi — 

(L>ww, and Gr. lU^, appsanncs.] 

fofia^ fiiiiC'ciu, *#. fr or tEttfJ^ww; 

-■<iic7 1 crawbif tDddcaly ; apbeoianl, 

OM, Hi; m«, Ur| n 

, tVoUd, K ■ •buH Mrrfsr B(*tn« i > Sb*. 
^-vAvJWr, dim. of Amu, a cord or Topo-I 
, AMiVft-lar. mij., trmiitiHt tfafimklt. 
Foil fan'd, K. lit, ■■'A^4jA;a taboor pauan 
for ttaa eicapo of laoka, ftc ; an ■natnmieiil 1^ 

Kiting fluicU inlD cIdh nncli, ml boUlca, Ac 
J^L ab-bolc-:jfbH,bicuh ; Suit.*mita, 
anuric^itrfioBl. J^/m ^l h On m fi atlm. 

roaf . runl. See onda Ink 

riT, for, K. tU. lUiiv or ifi<n; Iba iburt, Sua 

pnpunl tbr nrmenti ; a ruf-lQie "^■^■■^ ai tha 
tooguo, tba Eatotior of boUna, &c — 9.t. to tin* 
wiu Ad- ; to eoicr with movlitd Air4ilco matIB : — 
>rj#. (iurina i >«.A fiurod'. CSa.ydirTv, liniiw ; 
1L )MfT«rai(Ub, li^; rr^^^^^nw: GoiL 
/Bar, a ihealli ; pcttt^n Broo W.firrm, down.] 

ftttri^, (brt.*, fL, <id!M/rrDi,Anaiidfiirn»di. 

Auilaijr, ia^t-taA, m^^fitn in gensal : tiado In fuia, 

tiriT, niri, adj., tmuiitiHt ^f, eoml villi, St 
d i fa nd in/mr, 

t m *iia». fiiTliS-le, H. lit. pun aijtamia: tho 
fiioEsl botdet of a lown or petticoat. [S 

/■&,-rv. udit.Ai»>j;),' Gti./aJiii;s 

Montr; aw./kO, a ban.] 
FbHA fUiOiid, D.I., to>»i>or poUdi; to n4 

up until briflit t—prj. fiii^iiihlDE ; >a A fur'- 

bU»d. lTi.J^ariir: ILM*ot:oliGa.A,r^ 

4«.tapatirr: allieil to lab.] 
rmal^ (uitdl, mdi-i/rrirdi btsncblog lika Ibo 

prongi of a folic [L.j4frco, a foricj 
rinaHeo, fu-kl'ihuo, >l, ajirimt or branctuna 

rirtlraana fur-ftl-it'ihiu, o^^., tf iiwu'; Kaljr | 
■curfjr. [L.^fT^rdfflfr-.^^pw', braoO 

rulm Ac Sco undat tar. 

fBl, full, Ii.i. to toll Itp in i._^rAl at buBdle, M 
B (Hi !-^>. rtufing ; *a.f. fbtled'. [cailr. ftoB 
ota.>r<at,ykr<^a^>iuidlo; Ii. /ardiltr. n 

^ilig, foi'kii^ H. lit, ■ ^ j i a ia ^l y . or tbo 
InaUi of a fiurov ; 40 pola ; tbo 1th of a duIil 
Oi^.JmUHg-Jm', ruimr, ^-v.looi.] 

MflMA Au^ ■., Jim of (bMnca.— *.<. to paal 
loan of abHBC* i-yr.>. fniOoivUni; >a> 
fiuOoufhtd. P>a&..;M»:Diitdi,BnViO«. 
vtriami — triavAtn, to gin kan to-} 

'; Sw./at- 

placo Uh Didtiiig ono, wi 

or place of griovoua afflKtHw oc iDmeni. irr, 

^imialit; Cjiimt r ^i u i u , aa o*e>.] 
MnHk, fortdib, v.t.,U/U^ix mpply nmpUUfy, 

at mdk what ii ■■■■■■i| ; to oqulp ;^>^>. 

fn'iiblitac I MA fci^aiihad. IPr.>wi«r; It. 

^&wir«f- old Gtr..>Hfai/aia, toooj topofoct: er 

conn, Willi L.^fFIW, an or^l— la. fValAar. 
fiaUw H fin'Di-tar, ■,, Iti^ mMtk ufurtHiktd; 

goods and other morablei in a boiiH ; equipage ; 

dccoiadnu. [Fr.^Hnufm.] 
fiir^, J*, lit. a tidga be 

to groove ; to wrinUe ;— ^.>. fu rtow in g : iia>, 
fu/mwed. \K.%./wr,fiHi.0m.M3t,trm 

^IhH, Ac See under Firth. 


from die noise made in attempting to tpcak 
when die action of the organs is mipnled.] 
6ef«, tfl\t M, that by which one tngagts to perform ; 
a pudgt; security for the fulfilment of a promise : 
something thrown down as a challenge* as a 
glove. — vJ. to bind by pledge or security :— /r./. 
gag^mg ;>«./. gtged. (Fr. gagt—g^agtr, to 
wager: Ger. wetU^ a wa^er: Scot. W€ul; L. 
vas^ vadis: another form u Bit.] 

Oaca, g&j, v.L to measure. Same as Oavft. 

Oatoly. Oally. See under 0«j. 

0ftlB. gin, v.t. orig. to acqwn by cultivattng' 
Imnd: to obtain by effnt : to be successful in : 
to draw to one's own party : to reach : in New 
Test., to escape v—prp. gam'ing ; pa.p. gained'. 
— n, that which is gained : profit :— opposed to 
kM. (Fr. gapur^ to gain ; old Fr. gaaigntr, to 
cultivate ^oA—gmagnage^ fvofit of Und. J 

gataw. gftn'te, «., «tu who gains profit, &c. 

galafal, gftn'fool, mdj.^fuU o/gatn; productive of 
wealth : advantageous.— 4U/9. gain'rally.— ». gala'- 

gslwiap, gftn'tngx. n.pLt what kavt been gamed 
or acquired by labour or enterprise. 
gftnles, adj.^ ttnikoni gain ; unproductive. 

— n. 

Oalaaay, gftn'sft, or gln^sa', v.t., to say something 
against: to deny: to dispute. lA.S. gean, 
against, and ■ay.}---«. gain'ssyer, in ^., an opposer. 

Oairlih. Oerlsh. gfti'ish, ad/.^ giarmgt staring; 
showy: attracting attention.— «</v. galr'lahly. — 
M. gslriihnsw [old £. gartf to stare.] See tfars. 

Oatt, git, ft. See under Qate. 

Oaltar, gaf ir, n. a covering of doth fitting down 
upon the shoe. [Ft. gttftiv, gnestre.] 

Oala, gala, ».. sAow; splendour: festivity, as a 
gala-day. [Fr. #a^> show ; It. gala^ finery ; 
A.S. gal, merry ; old Ger. /n7, proud ; old Ger. 
grilt, pride.] 

gallant, gallant, adj. orig. gav^ splendid, magni- 
Jicent, so in A : teave ; noble. [Fr. gmant; It 
galante—rala.l—adv. gallantly.— m. gallaataMs. 

gaOaat^ caimans', a4j. courteous or attentive to 
ladies, like a gallant or brave man. — n, a man 
of fashion : a suitor : a seducer. — v.t. to attend 
or wait on, as a lady i—pr.p. gallanting; /a./, 

gaUantry, gallant-ri, n. bravery ; intrepidity : polite- 
ness <Mr devotion to kdies ; lewdness. 

galloon, gal'lODn', n. lit. ornaments of a festive 
occasion : a kind of lace : a narrow nbbon made 
of aUk <a worsted, or of both. [Fr. gaUn—gala.] 

Oalazy, eaKak-u, «• the AfiUy Way, or the lum- 
inous band of stars stretching across the heavens : 
any splendid assemblage. COr.gulaxias^gala, 
galaMtos, akin to L. lac, lactis, milk.] 

CkJbaiw, gal'ban<um^ Oaftaa, gad'ban, n. a milky 
resinous juice obtained from an Eastern plant, 
used in med» and in the arts, and by the lews in 
the Reparation of the sacred incense. [L. ; Gr. 
cAaUani; Heb. che^enaht from chalaS, milk.] 

flale, gal, w. a raging wind : a strong wind be- 
tween a stiff breeze and a storm. [Gael, gal, 
a gale : Dan. gal, mad : Norw. galen, raging.] 

OalMted. gfln«-at-ed, adj\, helmeted: having a 
flower /<ir a helmet, as the monk's hood. [L. 
galeatus—galetL, a helmet.] 

OaUot. See under SaUay. 

Qall. gawU IS., the greenishyeUom Jimd secreted 
from the liver, called bile : bitterness ; malignity. 


[A.S. geaUa, gall ; Ger. galle-^lb, yeHow : 
alUed to Gr. choU, L./el] 

OaQ, gawl, v.t. lit. to rub a sore part of the skin : 
to annoy: to enrage :—/r./. galFing; AM- 
galled'.— M. a wound cauMd by nibbing. [Fr. 
segaUer, to fret, itch, rub.] 

flan, ffawl, OaU-nvl^ gawl'-nut, n. a light nut-lilui 
AoJ? which certam insects produce cm the oak- 
tree, used in dyeing. [Ger. gnU-ap/el, the oak- 
apple ; IL gaUa, an oak-gall ; Fr. gaiety a pebble.} 

flallaat, Oallaatry. See under Gala. 

OaUay. gal'te-i, «. orig. an ornamental building 
or aparttnent : a badcony surrounded by rails : 
a long passage : the upper floor of seats in a 
church or theatre : a room for the exhibition of 
works of art: ia/ort., a covered passage cut 
through the earth or masonry. [Fr. galerie. It. 
galleria ; low L. galeria, an ornamental hall : 
perhaps from Qala. j 

Oalky, gaH, n, a long, low-built ship with ono 
deck : on board ship, the place where the cook- 
ing is done : a kind of boat attached to a ship- 
of-war : in M-int., the frame which receives the 
type from the composing-stick, [old Fr.gaUe; 
Fr. gaUrei Dan. gallion, the beak of a ship.] 

gaUsy-alave, gai'i-slav, n. one condemned for crime 
to work like a slave at the oar of vl galley. 

gaUaoB, gal1i-un, n. , a great galley : a large Spanish 
vessel with lof^ stem anastem. [Sp. galeon.] 

galtot, galliot, gari-ut, »., a small galley ot brig- 
antine: a Dutch vessel carrying a main-mast, 
a mizxen-mast, and a large gsm-main-saiL [Fr. 
galiote, a half-galley, a rark.] 

CMUe, gallk, adj., pertaining to Gaul or France. 

[L. Gallicus — uallia, Gaiu.] 
galMclsin, gall-sizm, n, a mode of speech peculiar 

to the French : a French idiom. 

flaUlaaoMaa, eal-in-a'shus, adj. pertaining to tho 
order of birds to which the domestic fowl, phea- 
sant, &c belong. [L. gallina, a hen, galltts, 
a cock : akin to gel, in Gr. *utggello, to proclaim, 
A.S. galan, to smg.] 

OaUipot, ffall-pot, n. a glazed clavpot for contain- 
ing medicine. [Dutch, gley, clay, and Fot.] 

OaUoa, gal'ua, n. the standard measure of capacity 
= 4 quarts, [old Fr. galon, Fr.j'ale, a bowl.] 

OaUooB. See under Oala. 

QaUop, gal'up, v.i., to leap m running : to ride at 
a galfoping pace :—Pr./ galfoping ; pa.p. gall'- 
oped. — n. the pace at which a horse runs when 
the fore feet are lifted together and the hind feet 
together : a quick dance (in this sense pron. 
g^-op'). (Fr. galoper; IL galcpparel A.S. 
gehleapan, to leap.] 

gallopads, gaJ-up-Ad', n. a sidelong kind of gahpji 
a quick kind of dance — then, the music appropri- 
ate to xu^-v.i. to perform a gaUopade. [Fr.] 

CMSoway, gafo-wa, n. a small strong horse orig. 
from Galloway in Scotland. 

flallowi^ gaTus, n. an instrument on which criminals 
are executed by hanging. [A. S.pilga : Ger. gal- 
gen: prob. from Ice. /»//, the oranch of a 

OaloclM, Oalesh, ga-losh', n. lit a Gallic shoe: a 
shoe or slioper worn over another in wet weather. 
[Fr. galocke — h.gallica, a slipper, from Gallicus^ 
pertaining to Gaul : accordins to Wedgwood, a 
corruption of E. clog, or Fr. claque.^ 

Oalvaalsm, ^'van-izm, n, a branch of the sdenoa 
of electndty, which treats of electric currents 

lile : bitterness ; malignity. of electndty, which tr 


fiUe« Or; n^ hksi wSob ; oiOte ; mflte ; mODo ; Men. 


[Fr,gtiirimdf: old Ft.gmllami, from iLgnUt, 
festivity.] SeeCkU. 

SMlk^ giilik, n, a bulbooMooCed/AM/ Jkatwif a 
/ttmmt tatU, naed as leaaoninc. [Gad. nttT- 
Itdghr—garg, pungent, and b$igh^ i$M, a plant] 
—4u(f, flarHekj, like garlic. 

flM Ti ii l See under fltntak. 

OuaiA, gti' oiig. U^mrm; in Bng. law, to 
warn, to give notice to: UJkiwk: to adcwn: 
to laiToand with ornaments, as a dish i—^./. 
far^nishimr ; Ai./. gai'nished. [Fr. /mwrr, to 
nunish, old Fr. /isrvr, gmmir, to nuke aware, 
to warn, Ger. wmrmm , old Oer. f> ww 4 a, A.S. 
warmioH, E. SMsnsJ 
fsnlih, adU'nish, paikimwl gii'nlsh-ment, «., 
/Ao/ wMscArarfusJUt or embeilishet ; onuuBent. 
gamtshT, gir^ish^, »., tfUM wk0gmrmsk4$, 
familBe, gii'nil-Or, M.,Agmiiitrt: ornament 
garment, lament, n,, ikmt wkkk/wmiskM : any 
article of clothing, as a ooat or gown. [Fr./»r> 
»MM«a/— ^tm«cr, tolismiih.] 
iuitooa, 0i?i-«n, «., « /rtpitim or supply of 
soldiers for guardmg a fortress : a fortified puce. 
— vJ. to rarnish a fortress with troops : to d»> 
fend by fortresses manned with troops>--^>t. 
gan'isonina:/^.^. gan'isonod. [IV. 
gmrmir, to fumisL] 

; gii'nftr, »., tf/nsMwy or place where/m^ 
u stored upi—«.tf. to store as in a gamer :-^r^ 
gai'nering; /«./. ipu'nered. tNorman tr. 
grumeri L, rnmaru^ a granary-^nsmMw, a 
gram.] Seewaaaiy. 

flame^ gii^net, n, a nredous stone resembling the 
gnum or seeds of the>M«r/nMa/r : mom/., a sort 
of tadde fixed to the mamstay in ships. [It 
grwtaU: L. 4T»«a/a«M, grained, the pomogian- 
at e it t u trnm, a grain.] 

•airsl, gar'et, n. Ut ajtac* ^Mifirtytxtk^met: 
a room next the rooTof a house. tScot /arrA 
or larrrt, a watch-tower, the top of a hul : old 
Fr. MtriU, a place of safety-^r^^vr, Oer. wmitm, 
Goth, vtuymm, to defend.] 

larrttMr. gar-et^, «., ctu wko Uon in m gunrit 
a poor author. 

Oenlsaa. See onder Oankh. 

OanoK gar-rOt', Oanem, gar-rot^ «i. a Spanish 
mode ctt stranding crinunals with a cord idaced 
OTer the neck and twisted ti^ by a stsd: the 
brass collar afterwards used m strangling.— 
to strangle by a biasB coUar tiriitenedby a screw, 
whose point enters the spinal marrow : to stul- 
denly render tnsrnsibU oy aemi-strangulatioo 
and then to rob^-^>. garrOt'in^gairottW; 
/«./. garrOt'ed, garrott'ed. [Sp./JV./isnrW, a 
cudgel; Sp. iwrns. a daw. Pror. gmrru, ham, 
lex— Armor, and W. gmr, shank, shm.] 

iuroter. gar^iK'ir, ga rr ott w, gar-rof «r, «., m# mka 

Oamdoe^ gai^lus, adf., ehatUri$ig: talkative. 
lUgmmtbu—twA. of mmrrUt to chatter : akin 
to Ger. girrtn^ to coo, Sans, jyi^ to caD.) 

gamlt^, gar^1-ti, gamleasasa^ garH-lus-nes, »•,, 
tkt qnaUif ^h€imggmrn»hm:\a^i»taXj, 

of knighthood m Great Bntam. called the Order 
of the Garter.— v.#. to bind with a garter >-tr.p. 
gai'tering; >»^. gai'tered. [Fr. fariitr. fir- 
wHBm—jttmt, the hoqgh of the kg ; W. «r, 
■nk.] SeeOsCTole. 


it% gas, «. Ut ^*M/. M# 4;^«r£r; fluid in the form 
of au-: any Imid of air, esp. chat obtained fixmi 
coal, used in lightmg houses. [FV. gmm^ a woid 
mvented by Van Helmont. a Bdgian chemist, 
»577— "644. Ger. gritty spint] 

■MsJler, gas^-Ui', «. ahanging frame with branches 
Iw g«u^U, 

gfis'6-as, an,, im ika/frm o/gmt or air. 

and L,,jactOt to make.] 

gasoaeler, gaz-om'et-te, u, an instrument for 
mtantrmggieu: a place for holdiz^g gas. [Oaa 
and Or. mgtrmt » measure.] 

fltesMude, gas-kon-ld', «. a boasting or bragging; 
Inavado.— v.t. to brag or boast, uMt m Gtucom, 
[GatcoHj a native of Gascony in F^rance— a pro- 
vince whose inhabitants are noted for boasting.] 

fiBisMltag, gas-koQ-idIng, n, bragging or boast- 
mg.— «. gaaseaa4'ar, one who is a great boaMer. 
ftc See under Oaa. 

Oadlj gash, to make a deep AkA or cut bto anyw 

thing, esp. into flesh :-^^. gashing; >«J». 


ptfh«Ki'.-^ a deep, opeo'wmmd. 

. -«. a deep, open wound. u>utdi» 

gattkm, to cut a lazm hde-^A a holes 
perhaps alhed to Fr. kadker, to hew, hack.] 
See under tea. 

8u]^ KMPi v.£ to gape in order to catch breath; 
to breathe laboriously or convulaivdy :— /r>. 
mffvDg ; /«.>. gasped'.— «. the act 01 opening 
the mouth to catch the breath; a painful catching 
of the breath. [Ice. /nigto. to yawn: perhaps 
from the sound made m gasping.] 

OasMe, gas'trik, «^., heUtimg U tkt Ulfy or 

stomach [Or. gmsOr. the befly.] 
gMlrenoaiy, gas-tron'om-I, m.,(Af artot tcience <if 

good eatmg, [Gr. gtutir, and mmmmt, a rule.] 
aa% gat, m A, /a./, of Oel 
0«*^ K*t, !»., m koUpitrt§d; a passage : a frame 

m the en tr ance mto any endosure : an entrance. 

[Scot gaU^ a way ; Dan. gttd«t a street ; Dutch, 

and Ice. /o/, a hde ; Ice. gata^ to perforate.] 
fated, gftt'ed, 0dJ.,/urmsktdmnihgaUs, 
gate-way, git'-wl, n,, tkt m^ ikfVHgk m gmU: a 

gaft, git, n,, wofy or manner of waOdng. 

Gathv, gadXtt, toprtu icgoiktrot draw itUm 
a htap; to collect ; to acquire : to plait : to learn 

gath'erec. , ^. , «,, 

drawing the thread through. [A.S. gtuUrimm^ 
Dutch, gtuUmt, to draw to a heap.] 

gatherw, ^k'kst^, «., om tokogaiktrt or collects ; 
a gleaner. 

gathering, gaM'ir-lnf , »., ikmi wkieh it gmtkomd 
ot brought together; a crowd or asaembly: a 
tumour or collection of matter. 

Qaady, gaud^ 04/- lit/^j^/W; ornamented ; showy : 
merrr.— «<fp. gaaA'ttf.— «. ga«ilBM% showineM. 
Told £. gaitd, an ornament ; oki FV. goMdir, to 
be joDy, L. gamdott, to rejoice.] 

ChrngSk giy, ».^ m mmsurittg rod: a standard of 
measure : estunate. — vJ. to measure the contents 
cinnj vessd : to estimate ability :—/r^. gaug'- 

£kte, ftr; m^ h«r; mlQe; mOto; mfite; mOOs; Mc|k 

allsed. tFr.MfirmZtMr— fm«r»/.y 

twitnbMianoa, len-ir-al-i-a&'shun, «»•. act «/ genSf*' 
alisi$t£ or of comprehending under a common 
name, several objects rraemriVmg each other in 
some pauct of thdr nature. 

ftiMrally, jen'tr-al-li, adv., in getural; commonly ; 

extensively ; most frequently : in a general way ; 

without detail xmB., collectively^ together: in 

Pr. Blc. without restriction or limitation. 

imw ah Mp. jen'«rwal.4hip, n., tkt offict or skill y« 

gtfurai or military officer ; military ikilL 

••Mratt, jen'*r-lt, vJ., U^rvditct 0m^s kutd: to 

bnng mto bfe ; to originate: :->r.>. gen'eratuig: 

/a./, gen'erftted. [h.£»m*r»,giemrmJM»—gtmtt,\ 

t^Mraat, jen'te-ant, «. , tht powr thai gmtratet or 

produces. [L. gtrunuu^ -atUit, pr.p. oti^furv,] 

gtBsratioB, jen-ir-ft'shun, m.. act o/ generatinf^ or 

producing ; origination : that iduch is generated : 

a single stage m natural descent ; the people of 

the same age or oeriod: family; offiqning: — 

m//., in B., genealogy, history. (L. gengratio.\ 

fOMrattve, jen'4r-4-tiv, tufj., having tJu fowtr of 

gtntnUing or producing ; prolific. 
fOMrator, jen ir-O-tor, m., «tu who or that which 
generates, begets, or produces: the principal 
sound in music [L.] 
OoMrie, &c See under Oeaaa. 

flenwovs. jen'ir-us^ adj. lit. and orig. qf a high or 
nobU gemts or (amuy : of a noUe nature ; mag- 
nanimous: courageous; open-hearted: liberal: 
invigorating in its nature, as yurmc—adv. gsofsr- 
ooaty.— «. ffM'eroiisnsiL [L. gentronu—gmus, 
birth.] See Oenaa 

gnwrodty, ien-«r-os1-ti. «., quality o/bemg gtiur»- 
cut; nobleness or liberality of nature. [Fr. 
gMrotiti; L. genervtitas.] 

OtoMls, jen'e-sis, h.» gentratwn, creaiioH, or pro- 
duction : the first book of the Bibles so called 
from its containing an account of the Crtatiom, 
[L. and Gr.— Gr. gigna mai obs./afwJ, to beget.] 

^mut^, JeuMt^ jen'et, 49. a smalL well-proportioned 
Spanish horse. [Fr. gfniti Sp. gineU, a horse- 
soldier : also given, a horse of yatn, in Spain.] 

9«wlb jen'et, n, a carnivorous animal, allied to the 
civet, of a gray colour, marked with black or 
brown, a native of Africa, Asia, and S. Europe. 
[Fr. gtnetUi Sp. gi$uta : of Eastern origin.] 

flsBSva, je-nCva. n. a ipirit distilled from grain and 
flavoured with /Kwi/rr-berries, also caUed HoU 
lands, [a corr. uf Fr. gmiivrt, Frov. genitrw, 
II gintpre, L. juniptrus, the juniper.] 

Osidal, j^ni-al, adj„ contributing to the fener- 
ation^ or to the enjoyment or life ; healthful ; 
cheering ; merry.— «<^. fs'Blanj. [L. gtnialit, 
teomgtnitUt the spirit of social enjoyment] 

fSBiaU^, je-ni-aH-ti, gml s h iisi^ je'ni-^l-nes, n., 
quality o/ being gmial; gaiety: cheerfulness. 

tailealaU. je-niVQ-ULt, flwilcnlatod, je-nik'O-lAt-ed, 
atfy'. in P0t.. bent abruptly like toe hnee; jointed ; 
knotted. [L. genicuU^ua~-geniculum, a little 
kn ee g e nu , the knee.]— «s. ffeDienda'llen. 

•ft ta l. jenl-tal, adf, belonging to gmerutiem, or 
the act of producing. (L. gemitalit-'gigno,gmi' 
tut, to beget.] See flsiai. 

fSBltals, jenl-tal^ n^ the exterior cngans ^ 

t«ttlve, jenl-ti V, adj. , lit. belongi$tg to generation ; 

indicating a case of nouns denotmg 

possession, &c. expressed in Eogliu 

L«. genitivut*] 


{^ je'ni-us, «. a good or erO spirit, toppoted by 
»«^ *ncients to preside over every person, place, 
and thing, and esp. to preside over a man's destiny 
«rpm his birth.— pi gsnll, ge'ni-I. (I* geniut— 
*y»<», genitut, to beget, produce.] See Oeavs. 
•••laj^ jen'yus, n. the speoal inborn faculty of any 
individual ; q)ecial taste ot disposition qualifying 
for a particular employment; superior inborn 
power of mind ; a man having such power of 
mind : peculiar constitution or character of any- 
thing.-:^/. gnlasss, j€n'yus-ex. [L. ingeninm 

OsatMl, jen-tel', adj. lit beletmg to z nohU gene 
or family ; well-bred ; graceful m manners or in 
form.--Aftr.fSB*««ny. IL. gentilit— gent, gentit, 
a {iuD3iy—gen, root of Gr. gignomai, to beget.] 

gnttl^ jen'td, ». lit. m# belonging to the tamo 
clan or/amiiy : in B., any one not a Jcw.^adJ, 
belonging to any nation but the Jews : in gram.. 

ffsaUU^, jen-tilVti, gwtedBsss, jen-t€l'nes, U, good 
btrth or extraction : quali^ of being genteel; 
good-breeding ; politeness of manners. 

f«Us, jen'tl, adj, orie. renteelm qfnobUbirthi 
becoming one of noble birth : not rough in man- 
ners; docile: mild, amiable: soothing.— «^. 
gsntly.— «. gwitl s M s s . \X..gmtilit.\ SeeOmtML 

f«tletoll^ jen'd-fWcs, n.pL,/0lk qfgoed/amily or 
above the vulgar. [See Folk.] 

ffMtlsmaa, jen'tl-man, n., a man oS gentle or noble 
birth : one who without a title wears a coat of 
arms ; more gen. every man above the rank of 
yeoman, including the nobili^; one above the 
trading classes : a man of refined manners : an 
officer of the royal household : — in pi. a word of 
address.—^ 9ee!iiimaa./em. gsB^ttowoBan. 

jen'tl-man-llk, genflMBsnly, jen'd- 

man-li, adj'., like, pertaining to, or becoming a 
gentleman.— n. ftn'tlanaaUnsaB. 
ffMitry, jen'tri, w. orif. rank br birth: the class of 
people between the nobility ana the vulgar, 
[contr. (rom gentlery— gentle.] 

CtantlaB, jen'shan, m. a plant, the root of which is 
used in medicine, said to have been brought into 
use by Gentiut, king of lUyria, conquer^ by the 
Romans about x6o b.c 

OeBtile, OtBlU, Osatry. See under OmtML 

Ctantts, jen'tl, n. the maggot of the flesh-fly used as 
bait m angling. 

OenahM, jen'O-in, ad/, of the original genut or 
stock; natural; real; pure.— a<&. g«?iiiM]y. — 

H. gearahUMaL [Fr. ; L. fen»$inuo—gigno, genif- 
tut, to beget, to be bom.] 
OsnaisotleB, Omaflsxioa, jen-O-flek'shuiL »., act oj 
bending the knee, esp. in wonhip. [L. genu, the 
knee, /lexio, a bending— ./^il?, Jlexum, to 

Osns, je'nus, n. lit breed, race; kind ; a group con- 
sisting of a number of q>ecies having common 
marks or characteristics.--^^ gsnsia, ien'te-a. 
[L. gennt, generit, birth ; Gr. genoe—gtgnomed, 
obs. gend. Sans, jnn, to b^et — E. Ha.] 

■•Bsrie, je-n«i^ gnerleal, je-n^ik-el, adj., per- 
tainitig to a genut; marking or comprehending 
a genus. [Fr. ginMque.\-^tdv. gnnlsaUy. 

OMeaaMe, je-o-sen'trik. Cteooaetrtoal, jC-o-sen'trilc- 
al, adj\ lit having the earth/or itt centre; in 
attr., as seen or measured firom the earth. adv» 
fMcsn'Msally. [Gr. gi, the earth, and kenirm^ 
a centre.] 

fiU0^ Qui vaMthkx; nXoe; mOle; mOte; mCQn; /ten. 


ftttw, gt^hi, m,, mm mhogtU or obtalnk 
g«Maft getting, i»» ad <ifg*itmg^ gaining, or win- 
ning: diat wUo&isgot; gain. 

0«wpaw, ga'gaw, n, a toy ; a bauble.— «(j^. ihowy 

without Aluo. [prob. from (M E. jwm^ an 

ornament, redupkcated.] 
OejMr, gfite, n, lit. Mo/ «mUM hmtttfnih vnik 

vioUnct; a boiling spring in Iceland. [Ioe./igv«i 

to be impelled, gtytikgr, vehement.] 
ttaitlj, &c See under Ohort. 
fthad, gaut, n,, a tmmMtmim-/an ; a chidn of 

mountains. (Hbd. gJkmi, an entrance to a 

country.] See dale. 
Wimrfcln, gteldn, m. a small cucumber used for 

pickluig. [Gcr.rmrke,Sw.gurikm,KQm>ffmnig, 

Fers. and Hind. JUkiy/ir.} 
OkosI, gOst, n, lit. hvatJk, tpMi; the soul of man ; 

a nint appearing after death.— «4^. glieslllke. 

[A.S. putt Ger. guitt, gmtcki.^-Jf give ny tte 

ghosfef m B.f to die* 
gkeslly, gOctli, tuy., tpirihtml; religious : pertaining 

to ^apparitions. — m. ^toelllassa 
gkaslly, gastll, tuh'., Ukt m dkmt; deathliVe : ex- 

tremelypale; hideous; frightfuL— «. ghastltaMM. 

Oh — I, kOOL M., a denun supposed to feed <m Uie 
deadT [Pers. gk0l ; ghtd^ a mountain demon.] 

CHaat, jfant \j€m. gl'aalM), n, lit tmrth^em; a 
man of extraordinary sixe ; a person of extraor- 
dinary powers.— a<^'. gigantic, [old E. and Fr. 
gttttU, A.S. AP*^» L. gtgtUt Q(t.pgtUtgiimnt6tt 
prob. the same dAgiigtHi*, earthbofn, one of the 
first inhabitants of tne earth, who, according to 
the ancients, were men of immense sise— /#, the 
earth, Fend, to b^et.] 

ftjaBtle, jT-gan'tik, tutf'i 
giant; enormous.-^aav. 

in^mutk, gib'^ish, M. rapid, gtMU$%c 
unnriraning words.— «4^. unmeaning, [dbiolete 
/v^^rr, to gabble or jabber.] See iabbls. 

eibbtk jil/et, «• lit. « kalUr; a gallows: the pso- 
Jecting beam of a crane. — to ejqxjse on a 
gibbet, to execute:—^/. gibVeting; /a./, 
gibb'eted. tFr. gib«t. It fuibUtto, a halter, 
dim. otgnMa, a doublet] 

Mkboo, gib'un, n. a genus of long-armed apei^ 
natives of the S. Inoies. 

abboos^ gib-bM', mdi,, Jkmfm^; having one or 
more devations. LL./»M wm> /liftfcw. a hump.] 

glbbeMk giVus, «mC^., A$m^ baekmf : swelling, am- 
vex, as the moon when nearly taSL—€uiv, glM/- 
ooatf.— «. flM'eMaisa 

one, jib, v.t. Ut i0 wry tkg mtmttk; U mmckf to 
taunt — 0!.^ to cast reproadies; to sneer ^-^>. 
gibing ; j^m^» gibed'.— m. a sodflT or taunt ; con- 
tempt— ^<ftr. glVlngly. [prook root of OaMla] 

OOAels, JibOets, n^ the btemal eatable parts of a 
fond, cut off before cooldng it o < y . ftlnsl, made 
of giblets, [old FV. giMet, prob. trom gibitr, 
game : or dim. of F^. /»ftr/, a bit or gobbet] 

(Hddly, gidl, adf,, tmsUadyt dizay: that causes 
giddiness.; whining : inconstant ; thoughtless. 
U^S./>vf<r, Gael /Mc^A, giddy; 'Honr,gidda, 
to shaJce.}-4U^. gl4«1I]r.-^ gl d JI nMSL 

Msr-eafK Jer'-6-^ «. In ^., a species of eagle. 
[See Qfxnlooa] 

OKI See under Mviu 

eifi gig, n. lit iktU wkickgMt or wtdHs rapidly ; 
ong. a whirligig ; a lightTtwo-whaeled oaiiif 
a long, light boat [old £. jv> * ^<^>iriigig ; 

gianiUhe; suitable to a 



£igm, a rapid dance; old Oer. gtigm, Oer. 

XMM, to go, to move.] 
eigantle. See under eiaat. 
eiglK gig1| v.f., U laugh with short e»(ehes ^ 

Mr hrmiik^ or in a silly manner :— /r./. fi|xning ; 

/a./, giggled.— «. a laueh of this kind.— «. 

^aK\mt mm who giggUu [from the sound.] 

ffigel, jig'ut, «•. a leg of mutton, frt>m its likeness 
to a/uuU* in shape. [Fr.— old Wt,gigim, a fiddle.] 

OUi, gild, v.t., U tfrswr or overlay with g9ld: to 
cover with any gold-like substance: to adorn 

articles wiu a thin coating of gold. 
fiUlng, gilding, n., act or ^ade of a gUdm^: gold 

laid on any surface for ornament 
gU^ silt, adj., gildmL—adJ. gitt-sdfK, having 

gilded mtgrs, as the leaves (tf a book. 

OilL gil, II. lit i4r jaw, gullet, or thrvatf bx/L 
tne breadiing organs in fishes and certam other 

Suatic animals ; the lap below the bill of afbwL. 
.S. gtagl, a jaw, L. gula, the throat] 

Mil, lil,M. a measure si pint [old Fr. /iw/2r, or 
Jam, an earthen vessel; krsr L. gilU, a flask.] 

OUI, jil, n. ground-lTy ; beer flaTOored widi ground- 
ivy, [fivm Gilliam or ymliana, a female name* 
contracted <»U; y«^] 

«lllr«OTrar, iin-flow-«r. «i. lit mii4mi/, the Oeve- 
trm:mo(kt so called from its clovv-like smelL 
[oU &Jef^flettnfj Tt,girt(/ISe-K3t. hairye^^fUm*^ 
the dove u ee h atjmn , a mxt,/^llem, a lea&] 

mak, gflt,>a.<. wad/a^. of 004. 

CMmlials, gm/bals, n^, two ringt tat suspending 
the marinei's compass so as to keep it always 
horisontaL [L. gtmelli, twins.] 

aiBhlel» gim'blet, OaOet, rimlet, ». a small tool 
for bonng holes by wimhling or turning it with 
the handT— «.^. to pierce with a gimlet : natU., 
to turn round (an anchor) as if turning a gimlet : 
-^.>. gimlJeting, gimleting ; /<*^. giml>leted, 
gimaeted. lFt,g3*Ut.gimMet^Luig.jhi$Hbla^ 
akin to Dutch, wemelen, to twist] See Wimble. 

CMaerad^ jimlcndc, ».. a frttty thi$tg; a toy ; a 
trivial mechanism, [flfmbsls, and Okaek, a noise : 
transferred from the workmg of two rings or 
joints to any trivial mechanism.] 

<Mnp^ gimp, ». a kind oi trinimiag, &c. of silk 
wound or seiAt^l^Mf round a wire or coarse thread. 
[Fr. gm/ure^gm^, to wh^ round with silk.] 

Ma, jin, m. an alcoholic liquor made in Hdland 
from rye and barley, and flavoured with>iMiMJ^ 
berries, (contracted from Oenevi^] 

Ma, jin. m., an engine: the name of a varietsr of 
madunes, tm^ one with puUeja for rai^g 
weights, ftc; a pump worked ay rotary sails: 
a trap or snare, so in ^.— «.iL to trap or snare : 
to dear cotton of its seeds by a madnne ; >r ./. 
ginning ; /a,^. ginned', [contr. from taitae] 

■t«, jin^te, n, the root of a plant in the E. and 
W. Indies, with a hot and spicy taste, so called 
from being «Aa>A/ like a Atffw. [old "&. g inge r , 
Lm a$$igmer. Kit, mngmeru, bans. 
P'inga, horii,eiryw, shiqie.] 

gingliam, n, a kind of cotton doth of 
yarn dyed oefore being woven, introduced fixnn 
India. [Fr. gmmgan, 7*^va, g mg ga n <^ 
eiaile, jing'gl, same as Jlagle. 

fiUe, fSb*} Bii,liAr{ mine; nOCe; mttt; aOOn{ thtm. 



gUMvort, gla/wurt, n., a ^lami to called from Its 

yielding soda used in making g'lass. [Q l iw , and 

A.S. v^rrt, a plant.] 
iJUuny, gus'i, aaj., made of tx like giau,- "ad v, 

gtoM'Ur.-**. llaii'iMM. 
glaas. glftZj v./. to furnish or cover witkflau : to 

cove with a thin surface of or resemblmg glass ; 

to give a glassy surface to \—Pr.p. gUz^ng ; Pa.p, 

gl&zed'. — H. the glassy coating put upon pottery ; 

any shining exterior, [old E. £lat t QIa w .] 
gluUr, glA'ci-ir, n., 0tu whose trade is to wetglatt 

in window-frames, &c. 
gladBg, gUulng, m^the ad or art o/wttittrflaa! 

the art of covering with a vitreous sub^uice : 

in pamt.t semi-transparent colours put thinly 

over others to modify the effect. 

nlcus, adj., grtiyith litit I of a sea> 
: in hot,, covered with a fine green 
loom. [L. gtamcHi, Gt.jtia$$kotf blue or gray, 
orig. gleaming, akin to ftattuS, to shine.] 
naas^ &C. See under OaM. 
glssm, glCm, v.i,t to Haw or skint ; to flash \—fT,p, 
gleaming ; /a./, gleamed'. — «. a small stream of 
n^t ; a Deam ; brightness. [A.S.— ^r&ntMuv, to 
shine : Norw. glima^ to shine Inight ; old E. Utm, 
a gleam, A.S. Uoman^ to shine.] 
gisaay, gl€nl1, adj. casting beam* or rays of light. 

flBsaa, gl€n, v,i, to gather in kandfuU the com left 
by the reapers. — v.t, to gather after a reaper ; to 
collect what is thinly scattered :— /r./. glom^g ; 
/«/. gleaned'. — «. that which u sleaned ; ue 
act of gleaning. [Fr. glantr-'-rMM*, ears of 
com gaUiered ; A.S. gilm, a handful of cum.] 

cn«lM, glCb, n,^ lit and orig. *oU; the land belong* 
ing to a parish church or ecclesiastical benefice : 
in mining^ a piece of earth containing ore. [Fr. 
— L. gUba. a clod, soil.] 

gtebovs^leb^is, glaby, glsbl, a4J., cloddy, turfy. 

Weds, gled, ». in ^., the common kite, a rapacious 
bird. LA.S. giida, perhaps ^mglidiut, to gUde.] 

Om, gle, II. orig. mirth, tang; joy; mirth and 
gaiety \ in turns., a song or catch in parts. [A.S. 
gleo, mirth, 9ong,g£eowiaM, to sing; akin to Wad.] 

glMfal, gl^'fool, ad/.tjitll ^glee oTjoy; merry. 

CMsB, glen, n. a narrow valley worn fy a river; a 
depression between hills. [A.S. glen, W. giyn 
— ilytt, a stream, A.S. klina, a brook.] 

ntb, glib, adj.. slippery, smooth*, moving easily; 
voluble.-— otfv. gtfbly.— ^ gllb'aMi. [jprov. £. 
giaber, Dutch, gtibberig, slippery : akin to L. 
giaber, smooth, and labor, loot, to slide.] 

Ollda, glTd, v.i., to slide smoothly and easily; to 

Ger. gleiten, to move smoothly.] 

OllBBsr, glim'ir^ v.i., to gleam, to shsne; to bum 
or appear famtly:— ^./. glimm'ering; /»'/• 
glimm ered. — m. a faint light ; feeble ravs of i^ht ; 
u min.. mica. [Ger. glimmer, a faint light, 
mlcsi^g limm en, to shine, to glow ; A.S. leomam, 
to shmo : akin to flissii j 

gUi^ss, glimps. m., a short ^eam; a weak li|^ht ; 
transient lustre : a hurried view ; fleetinc enjoy* 
ment : the exhibition of a faint resembunce. — 
v.L to appear by glimpses i—pr.p, glimpsing ; 
Pa.p. glimpsed'. 

tUiTn, v.i., to glitter ox sparhU with light; 
" ' -^./. glistening (glis'ning) ; /«.>. 


gnstenedCglis'nd). [oldK. gUssen, A.S. glilemm, 

giisnioM ; Ger. gleusen, to shine ; akin to Asm.] 
gUster. gUs'tir, v.i., to glisten; to glitter:— pr.p 

glis'tering; pa.p. ^irtered. [Dutch, glistem, 

Ger. glitMem, to sparkle.] 
fUtUr. glit'ir. v.i., torlisten, to sparkle with li^ht : 

to be splendid ; to be showy i--^./. glitt'enng; 

/a./, glitt'ered.— M. lustre: brilUancy. [A.S. 

giitian. Ice. glitra, to glisten.] 
lUttaflaff. glit' adj., shining: splendid ; bril- 

lianL— iu/v. gtttrWlagly. 

Oloat, glot, v.i.f to look with staring eyes; to star* 
with admiration : to view with joy :-^.>. gloat'- 
lOK : A*/' gloat'ed. [Ger. glotson, Dan. glotU^ 

Oota, glob, n., a ball; a round body, a sphere : 
the earth ; a sphere representing the earUi (l«r- 
rwtrtal globe) or the heavens (e«l«ftlal globe). [L. 
globus^ glomus, a ball, conn, with (Sow. Oab.] 

globalo, gloVflt, adj., like a globe; drcukr. [L. 
globo, globatns, to foraa into a haJX—globtts.} 

globooo, glob-Its', globou. glob'us, adj.. globular, 

globalar, glob'Q-lar, gWbalow, glob'o-lus, a4/,^ 
spherical.— «4/v. glob'alarty. — «. 



globvlo, elob'a], n., a little globe or round oarticle. 

glomo, giOm, n. in bot., a gtobular keadciAowen. 
[L. glomus = globus, and conn, with ainaip^ 

gton era tOi glom'to-flt, v.t. to gather into a ball; to 
collect into a mherical mass:-^./. glom'erftt- 
ing : /a./. g^on/exHed.—adj. growing in rounded 
or massive forms ; conglomerate. 

gloMoratloB, glom-ar-a'shun, n., act ^ gatktring 
into a ball; a body formed into a balL 

CHooB, glODm, n., snllenness or a/rovming expreo- 
sion ^countenance; aspect of sorrow ; heavmess 
of mind : cloudiness ; shade ; partial daikness. — 
v.i. to be sullen or dejected ; to be cloudy or 
obscure x—fr.p. glOOm'ing ; /«.>. glOOmed'. [old 
£. glome, glombe, Scot gloum, to frown ; A.S. 
glcm, gloom ; Ger. glnmm, gloomy, gluten, to 
Took with a sullen countenance.] 

glooay, glODm'i, adi., full ^ gloom: heavy of 
heart : dim or obscure ; diouy lighted. — atlv. 
gloom^. — n. gloom'laosiL 

Oocy. i^O'ri, n. lit rumaurjdme ; renown ; honour : 
the occasion of praise ; an object of pride ; excel- 
lency : q>lendoiir ; brightness ; lustre : in B., tho 
presence of God; the manifestation of God to 
the blessed in heaven ; heaven.— v.i. to boast ; to 
be proud of anything ; to exult '.—pr.p. glA'rying ; 
/«.>. glO'ried. [L. gloria, akin to elarus, from 
root mclno, to be famed.] See OUar. 

gkfftfy, elO'ri-fT. v.t., to make glorious ; to honour; 
to exsilt to glory or happiness : to ascribe honour 
to, to worship :— /r^ 
fied. — n. gtorlflea'ttoii. 

glorlow, ^O'ri-us, a4j., 
excellence and splenac 
«</irr. gle'iloaslj.— ff. gto'rtouBMS. [H. gloriosus,^ 

ttoM. glos, n,, brightneu or lustre, as from a 
polished suruice : external show. — v.i. to sive a 
superficial lustre to; to render plausible; to 
palliate :— ^./. gloss'ing ; /a./, glossed'. [Ice. 
glossi, brightness, glossa. to sparkle.] See GHaaa. 

flMBy. glosi, adj., smooth and shining; highly 
polished.— a<ftr. gloss'lly.— 4V. glo«lMSB. 

viaam, gtos, n. a remark to explam a subject; a 
comment — v.i, to comment or make explanatory 
remarks >^^.>. gloss'ing; /«»./. glossed'. [L* 

(!lte, t9iX\ mi, hte; mlna; mOte; mdte; mOOo; thctu 


aw, lift, «. a Wnd ot latdopj bi S. AW», teseni- 


WinithelioncMidox. IHottcntol, f»i«,l 
f 5, V.I., te >««* /rm m€ piM to «iMf A#r ; to 
j« in modoB^. to pvocMdi to advaac« ', to walk ; 
to depart from \ to lead in any dirtctioii ex- 
tend i to tend: to be about to do: to {osa in 
report : to pans* m la payment ; to ba accountod 
ia value : to happen ia a particular way ; to turn 
out; to fare:— /r.>. golnc: pa,U went; >*>. 
gone (gon).— «o abool, ia A, to set one's self 
about : to seek ; to endeavour : Oo beyoad, in B., 
to orerreach: Oe la to or «a«e. in B.^ to have 
semal faitercourae with. [A.S. /wi, gmngnn; 
Ger. gtken, Sani. /«, to go.] 

i»^, gO^-bT, «. a gnngby widkoot nolieei escape 
by artifice; eruoon. 

Ik fO'-kflft. «., « rof^f or contrivanee fbr teach- 
tag children iv/» or walk. 

Mr* ffO'^r, A.. M# who or diat wUdi goitt a horse, 
considered m reference to his gait. 

goiag, going, n.,thtact o/mnrng; departure : in 
B,^ course of life, behavkrar.— ietac fSrl^ n. in 
B,, an outlet : fotags orgelais oal^ n. m if., utmost 
extremity: departure or joumeyings. 

ge-to, gO-tmr, i$U, in B,, come now I 

« t<m^ ^ a number of persons /^^ tonihtr 
assocmtod for a certain purpose, usually in a 
e. \K.%,—ga»^an.\ 
gang'-bOrd, »., «j Mtn^ or clank on 
which passengers niay/9 or walk out oi a Ship. 

gaaffway, gaag'wi, m. a passage or way by which 
to /» into or out of any plaoa, esp. a ship ; MM*/., 
a narrow friatform of jplanks along die oppv put 
of a shifi^i side. [A.S. gtu^t and wtg, a way.] 

Oeai. SeetmderOU. 

float, gOl, n., tkt sfarting^/ctt in a tace, or th4 
peU markmg the end of the course : the two 
upr^iht posts between which the ball is kicked 
in the game of football : an end or aim. [Fr. 
gauUf a pole ; W. gwyml, a staff, a goaL] 

float, gOt. n. Ul tki goir or Uaptr; a ouadruped 
of the sneep family, when wild inhabiting moun- 
tainous r^ons, but often domesticattd for its 
flesh and milk. (A.S. rat; Oer. /Ki»~-obs. and 
prov. Gtt.gHs$eH ^nhm, to go; like Or. mix, a 
goat— iSbf#, to leiq^.] 

geairs'-ksatd, -b&d, goaTs'-n^ -roo, goaTs'-flloas^ 
-stOns, gears' Iheni, -dioni, «. names of plants. 

fls a l mst^got'-moth, IS. oae of die largest wBridsh 
moths, which has a g oa t4ik» odour. 

gsaMasksr, goi^-sak-^, n, a kind of swallow erro- 
neously thought to tuckgoatt, 

fls t i l s ^ goVl, v.U to swallow in htmns ; to swallow 
hastily.— w.^ to make a noise in tne throat, as a 
turkey >-yr./. cobbling ; >«./. gobbled', [yul- 
^ gob. a mouthful, Fr. gohht, a ball for swallow- 
mg, g tPtr, to swallow: from the sound.] 

gsbbtl» gob'et. M., « momtltfkU: a little lump. [Fr. 
g0itt QmuL gih, the mouth, from the sound.] 

fleMta, goVo>lin, n, a rich Frendi tiqMotry. [from 
Jehan GfdMieih a Flemish dyer of xsth century.] 

floMH^ goVlet, n. a large drioking r»> without a 
handle* FFr. gtUki, 9p> ttMbtt, Prov. raAr /, 
C9$ba, a ttfl>— IZ cupm, a cask. See Oey.] 

««»% goblin, #a, «» #v£r 4^M^; a frightful phan- 
tom ; a fidry. [FT. gobUn. low 'L.goSe lm u i Gr. 
MmU i , a miscJiievow spirit. See CMall.] 


flMy, goln, M. a genus of small sea4isha 
hwiM «— •* **f s sa weed. [L. giMm, Or. 


^^ god, «., M# rM2rr or sovereign of the unhrecM, 

the Supreme Being ; an object of woimhip, an 

idol : in B., often a ruler.-^viM. godd'eas. [A. S. 

/n/, Oct. /v//, Godi. guik, Pers. Motim, God, 

also a ruler.] 
god-iathsr, godf-a-ikbr, m, a aaaa who. at a child's 

baptisnii engajEes to be itt /mthtr m ration to 

Gcd or Its rehgicms training.—;/^, gsd^'ssothor. 

— «w. gad'-ehIM, god'-4aMM«r, fsd'-oea. 
flodhsad, godlied, »., ttaU •/ being « god; deity ; 

divine nature, [fled, and bead — A.S.X>^, state. J 
god^aa, god'les, adj. living wUMmti God; impious ; 

atheisrical.— Wa. godlaady. — m. gadlasamaa. 
•adMlM^ godlTk, ad/'.i Uk* God; divine, 
godty, godli, mdf., like God in character; pious: 

according lo God's hm^—adwe. godly. fsdlUy. — 

«. ■odHaaaa. (fled, and />« /£W.] 

god'sapd, n, somaihing sefU by God; aa 

ftte, Or; inf,lilri nme; nOtei mftle; mODni Men. 

unexpected piece of good-fortune, [fled, and SaBd.] 

fod'^aa, god'-sun, iv. dee god-fathar. 

go d a p sad, god'spdd, n. eidier a contr. fA Godspeed 
you, Ktt good ^eed m mcxMBA. 

godwaid, god'wawrd, adv,, toward God [Ood, and 
Ger. weard, L. tfertm, sig. direction.] 

godvtl See under flood. 

good-bfs, goodliT, M. or int, either contracted from 
God be with ye, or from ^oa/ and ibv a way or 
Journey ; farewell, a form of address at parting. 

goapaL aos'pel, «., the word ^ God mgood news 
or timnrs; the Christian revelation ; the narra- 
dve of the life of Chriat, aa related by Matthew, 
Mark, Luke, or John : a aystem of religious 

^^"^is^^^Ah " '^- "^ 

^fiftt^ ffoaipL n. orig. a sponsor, or one related 
in the service of God, then a/amiUar aefnaint' 
mnce; one who runs about telling and hearing 
news t idle tallc^v.^ to run about taUing idle 
tales; to talk much; tochat>-^.>. gosslpiag: 
/a./, gossiped. [oM E. ^wasig, #iw2fi» fled, and 
eib, peace, ralationship, Soot, ttb, related.] 

flogglaa, gogls, «./^, bttmde for shTing horses; 

spectades, with projecting eye-tabes. (Scot. 

gogglee, bUnds for horses-^jyv, to blindfold.] 
flotage flalBg «wlh, flalag eat. See under fla^ 
flaltra, flaHer, goi'tAr, n,, a swollen ihevat; an en- 

torgement en one of the glands of the throat. 

SeeOratlB. [Fr. #af/f«^-4l /ar//»r. the diroat] 
goltrsd, ganaisd, goI'Mnl, adj., aOiettd with goitre, 
ffsMraaa, goitras, a4/., perMnmg to goitre* 
flold, gjOld, «., the yellow, bright aelal ; one of the 

predous metals much used for cdn : money, 

riches: yellow, gold colour. lk.%.—g$alew. 

yellow, w. guwl, lights qrfendour; Ice. g$dl, 

gold— /^/Sr, ydlow.] 
goUio. gmd'n. adj., made ^fgoU; of the colour of 

aold; bright: most vahiable: hi^ypy; highly 

favouralAe. [A.S. gylden^-gold.) 
gold-baatar, sOldf-bit-er, n. one whose trade ia to 

beat gold mo gold-leaf.— «. geid'-baaMag. 
gold-dnst, gold'-dust, n., gold in dmt or very fine 

particles, as it is sometimes found In rivers, 
goldiaaft, gOkffinsh, «. a singing-bird at /inch with 

gold^obmred wings, [fl^ and flaali.] 
gokUflA, gOld'-fish, M. a small goU^colonred Jitk, 

native to China, but kept ia dSa country fai gkua- 

globes and ponds. 
•old4aaf; gOklMfif, n,, gold beaten extremely diin, 

or into kaves, and uaed for gilding, [and silver. 
gs M aa l th, gOld'amith, «•*, a smith or worker b gold 
fsldyloaka. gokll-loka, n, a plant with^/ZSrsaflowers, 

lika leeks of hair, also called wood crowfoot 


<Uces, die (line or wlmi. tA.S. g»nt, force ; 
V. gvrts, gomtt waste, open.] 
See oader Oere, clotted Mood, 
leillaf. See qader Oio m . 
See under fled. 

r^ go^Mrmtr, n, lit. G^d-$tt$mmer ; rery 
fine qwder-threads which float in the air or form 
webs on bushes in fine weather, [old E. /»• 
s^nuTf so called from a legend that it is the 
shreds of the Virpn Mary's shroud which she 
cast away when shie was tsJcen up to heaven.] 
floMly. See under 0*4. 
Oot^Oetln. See under Oek 

0eCh, goth, n. one of an andent Germanic nation* 
supposed to hare come originally from Scandi- 
navm : a rode or uncivilised person, a barbarian. 
(A.S. GtatM*» L. Gctki, Gr. GptM, Goth. 
GutJkanSf the Goths.] 

Oetlde, gothlk. M^. , ivi^M^r£iV/0 Mr (;Wi:;i/ or their 
langua^ : denoting a style of ardntecture with 
high-pomted arches, duMered columns, &c. 

Oollddss, ffothl-Sb, v./., U make Gothic; to tning 
back to barbarism. 

QolhUlM, goth'i-sism, n., m Gothic idiom or style 
of building: rudeness of manners. 

0**f*» gOO)/ or gouj, n. a chisel, with a hollow blade, 

/or cuttmg groavtM or hoUs. — v.i, to scoop out, 

as with a gouge ; to force out, as the eve with the 

thumb :— /r/. gouging ;/«./. gotu^ecr. [Fr., Sp. 

gubtAt low Vs. /w^ttf— Basque, gwta^ a hole.] 

Ooard, g0rd, or gOOrd, n, a large, fleshy, giebtdar 
fruit ; the rind of a gourd used as a uinking- 
cup: the gourd plant. (Fr. cougourde — L. at^ 
curbU»—<u<Mrbf a reduplicated form akin to 
corbist a basket, curxmtf bent.] 

tfovmaad, same as flotnaad. 

Oo«l, gout, «. lit a dfv^; a disease of the jcnnts, 
esp. in the great toe. [Fr. gouiU—'L. guttOt a 
drop, because the disease was supposed to be 
caused by a humour settling on the joints in dn^M.] 

goaty, gouri, adj,, rtloHng to gout ; diseased with 
or subject to gout— «/p. goallly.— «. govtiatss.] 

Ooat, gOO, M., ta»t$; retuh. [Yt. — L*. guttiUf 
taste ; akin to Gr. gntd, to make to taste. J 

0«v«B, gw/tm, v.t.f to moTfo the head^ as of a 
ship, to steer or pilot : to direct ; to control : to 
rule with authority : in /nsM., to determine the 
mood, tense, or case of. — v.i. to exercise autho- 
rity ; to administer the bws '<i—^'P- gov'eming ; 
/*•/• gov'emed. [Fr. gouvemer^l. govemare, 
L. gwemo, Gr. JMe ma fi -Jh tSi, head.] 

gomaabli^ guv'im-a-bl. adj., that may be governed. 

gVwmemaiaU, guv-^-oanr, or guV, m., a lady who has 
the care of young laidies, a governess. [Fr.— 
gouvemant. pr.p. ct go u v* n ter.'\ 

fiwrtnissB, gurifcr-nes, n., a female who has charge 
oftheinstructi<»iofyoung ladies, a tutoress, [old 
Fr. /vtwfiMMr— L. g»ibematrix—gubemo.\ 

govsramfl, guv'tai-ment, n., act o/ govemittr; 
management ; control : system of governing : tne 
persons authorised to administer the laws: the 
territory over which sovereign power extends : in 
gram., the power of one word m determining the 
formofanotner. [Vt. gotaferMemeni—gOMverner.] 

in T i mmtntsl. guv-im'ment'al, adj., ^ertaimng to 
or sanctioned \rj government. 

ffovensr, guv'tm-ur, n., one whe governs; one in- 
vested with supreme authority : one who has the 
care of a young man ; a tutor: in B., a pilot — n. 

Oevi, gown, n. Gt thai which is stitched: a woman's 
upper garment ; a long loose robe worn bv pro> 
fesdomu men. PV. gwn—gwnie, to stitch.] 

gewne4, gownd, adj.g dressed in a gown. 

§•■■■■■, gown'man. niaasmsa. gownz'man, n. one 
whose profettional habit is a goum, as a divine 
or lawyer, esp. a member of an Eag. un i ver si ty. 

Qrak^ grab, (vulnr) v.t.,te seiae or nasp suddenly : 
—-fr.p. grabbing; >a./. grabbed', [from same 
root as Orip, Qnk^ Orappls^ &c Ger. grei/en^ 
to sei«e, k rap pe n , W. cm/, ahook ; ^m.karpaaa, 
S»D%,grabh, to seise.] 

Ones, grls, ic, /avonr; mercy, pardon ; the un- 
deserved kindness or forgiveness of God ; divine 
influence; eternal life : what adorns and com- 
mends to favour : natural or acquired excellence ; 
elegance; embellishment; a single beauty: a 
short prayer at meat: the title otti duke or an 
archbishop.—^ in myth., the three sister-god- 
desses in whom beauty was deified. — v.t. to 
mark with favour: to adorn:— /r./. gracing; 
/a./, nflced'. [Fr. — L. gratia, favour— /nt/stf, 
agreeable ; prob. akin to Gr. charts, grace.] 

graesfU, gridtocX, adj.fJuU of w encWed with 
grace or el^ance; el^ant and easy. — adv. 
graes'MQy.— «. graes'fUDSBL 

grinslssi^ grft^les, eulj., wanting grace or excel- 
lence ; depr a ved ; wicked.— «^. graeslassly. — m. 

gradons, grft'shus, adj., ahomtdinr in grace or kind- 
ness ; benevolent : proceeding from divine favour : 
acceptable. — adv. gn,'dat^. — n. gra'c 

QraAs, grSd, fs., a <£r/nrr or «/i^ in rank or dignity; 
the degree of slope on a road. [Fr.—L. gmdns, 
a ttep^gradi, to step, to go.] 

gim4atlQa, gra-dfshun, n., a rising step by step I 
progress from one d^iree or state to another : 
state of being arraitged in ranks : in mns., a 
diatonic succession of diords: in paint., the 
gradual blending of tints.— «(flgrada^tianaL (Fr. 
-L. gradatio, a riang by steps— /nu/«f.] 
la t loiisd, gra-dft'shund, a€^\,/ormed by grades 

ttons or atsitttt. 

gradknlk grft'£-ent adj., gradueUly rising ; rising 
with a rmilar slope. — m. the degree of slope on 
a road, &c. ; an mcline. [L. gradiens, -entis, 
pr.p. oigradi, to go.] 

gradaal, grad'Q-al, adj., advancing by grades or 
degrees ; regular and slow.— <0i/v. gradually. 

gradaal, grad'O-al, grail, srSLl, n, a book of hymns 
and prayers, so ^lled because the anthems were 
usually sunff on the steps of the pulpit 

gvadaate, graidrO-At, tr.r., to pass by grades or 
degrees : to pas9 through a univerrity course and 
receive a degree. — v.t. to advance by degrees ; to 
divide into regular intervals ; to mark with de- 
grees : to proportion >-Pr.p. grad'Oating ; Pa.p, 
grad'Q&ted. — n. one admitted to a degree in a 
college, university, or society. — n, gxadaa'tioa. 
(low L. graduo, g r a d n atum —gradns.'] 

gradaater, grad'O-Jl-tor, n. a^ mathematical instru- 
ment for^Tw/iM/iW/' or dividing lines into regular 

gradas, nft'dus, n. a dictionary of Greek and Latin 
prosody, [in full, gradns ad Pamassum, a 
step to Parnassus, the abode of the Muses, by 
whose hdp alone poetry could be written.] 

OnJ^ n. and v. in B., old form of Oraft. 

Qraft, graft, v.t., to make an incision in a tree or 
punt, and insert in it a small branch of another: 
to insert in something anything not belonginf 

to insert in something 
f)Ue, fir; me, hte; mine; mOte; mate; mOOn; Men. 


pietnrMqotlydetcribed. [L./ni^iAtnKr; Or./m- 
^kik§9-^gniph», to vritcJ-Wv. gnpklMlIf . 

•MfML Sm undar Onfito. 

Anppli^ cn^ v./., <0 /v^i^f or aeue : to laf &st 
hold oE — v.t*. to contend in doM 6f ht >-M''P- 
gnip|/Uaf { >•>. grappled, [dim. of Onb.] 

gi'MMil ffraj/neU «.» 'm^ Vfkkk grwMlgs ; a anuU 
aaehor with Mvaral daws or anna. Vf^-gra^^; 
tAd Fr. grmppU; from root of Otafpli^] 
See undar Ofapa. 
Rasp, v./., Itf /n»^ or gript; to seixe and 
hdd Gy ciaspinf with the fingan or anna ; to catdi 
at. — v.u to endeavour to leiae ; to catdi (followed 
by «/) ^i—4r.p. nasplnf ; >«./• grasped'. — m. 
gripe of the nana ; readi of the arms ; power of 
seixure. TGer. grapsen; old Ger. grap^eH, 
grmUtn ; nom root of Oiak^ tn^pla.] 
Iraa^ gras, m, lit. tJka^ wkicAgrmn, or iAf ikitig 
4aUn: common herbage; an order ot plants 
with long, narrow leaves, and tubular stem, 
induding wheat, rye, oats, ftc. — vj, to cover 
with grass :->r>. grassing; /a./, grassed'. 
[A.S. prrt, gnm*; Ice., Gtr* gnu: Sooc girt; 
alUed to L. grmtmrn, grass : dthar mun the root 

of Oraw, L. eruc*; or from Gr. grmd, grmmS, 

to gnaw, to eat. Sans, grms, to devour.] 
grassSappar, grasliop'te, »., m hipping insect that 

feeds on graUf allied to the locust, 
grass plat, graif<plot, ««., a^i of gnuty ground, 
gfaaqr* gnri, m4f,t cevfr$d wiik or resembling 

gvmu: graan.— M. fraailBaaB. 
I, jgris, 9J, to feed wiihgrmu; to feed cm ; to 

tendgrasiBff oattle. — vM to eat grass; to Mipply 
grass:— ^./. grislng; >«>. griaadf, [XS. 
gnuimHt from/nMT.] 
giaalai, gil'shte, «., #im smA^ gnuet or pastUKi 
cattle and rears them for the market. 

Qrata, grit, «. lit « crmU or laiHc^wotk ; a frame* 
work compoaed of bare with intarstioaa, aap. one 
of iron bars for holding coals whila burning. 
[It. grmia, a grate, hurdle, lattioo— from £. 
cruiMf a hurdle.] See Otoala. 

pattac, grit'ing, m,, M# tmrt •/» graitl a parti- 
tion or frame of bars. 

t ra ta^ grit, v.^, U mmke a tksnUkarth mHtf; to 
crttk or scrape : to rub hard so as to offend. — 
v.i. to rub so as to produce a harsh sound ; to 
rub roughly ; to wear awaT with anything rough : 
to offend by something oarsh '.—fr.p, grttlng ; 
>«./. grtt'ed. [Fr. rrmtUr; Dan. hrmiU; Oer. 
krmtMtn ; perhaps ailiad to L. rad^, to acrape.] 

gralad, grftt'ed, tufy., kaving m grmU or grating. 

fratar, grlt'te, n, an ins&ument with a rough 
surfiice for grating or rubbing down a body. 

gratiac gilt'injg, ad/.^ rtMimglmxd on tha feelings; 
harsh ; irritating.— Wv. pallacly. 

Arat^ai, grtt'fool, adJ.,/ttlle/pne€m]oj ; caudng 

Eleasive ; acceptable ; delightful : thankJful ; hav>- 
ig a due senae of benefits.— ^14/^. graWfaUy. — «. 

grata^fUoaas. [L. gratia, frmn gratia, pleasing, 

thankful, and Fan.] See Oraaa. 
gratliy. gratWl, v./.. la d* wkat is agretakU £9; 

to ploise ; to sootne ; to indulge i—Zr./, gntf- 

ifyuig : /«./. giat'ified.— «. frariisr. [L. grati' 

ficor^grutut, ^XkA/acia, to do.] 
grattlctatlaai, grat-i-fi-kl'shun, m., act tfgrati/yimg, 

l^easing, or indulging: tliat which gratifiaa; 

delight, [l^ rrat{/UatU^ 
gratli, grftis, adv., fygrae* or favour ; for aotldnpf. 

[L. oontractad Uxgratiit, ablative/^ 9igrmt$m, 

favour, from grattuJ] 


gMMIada, nalfU&d. is., ttatt ^ htimg fr<aUM : 
feeling m thankfwineas. [low L. grattttuUT} 

gialittia% gra-tfi'UiM, atfy'., d^mt or givan grmtis, 
or for aothiagi vohmtaryt without reaaon, 
ground, or proof; adopted or assarted without 
good ground, adv . fvmttoartr. VL, gratuittu 
^-gratia, Urma—gratm.] 

graMty, gra-tOl-ti, «., s p mttk inr givtH grati* ; a 
presaat ; an acknowledgment ofsenrice, generally 
pecuniary, (low L. gra tuita * g ratyt.} 

gratolata, grat'O-Ut, vJ. to Oaagratalata. 

gratalatlea, grat-0-U'shun, m, coaigratalatlaa. 

gratalatary, grat'Q^a-tor-i, a^f, aa^gralakHery. 

itaaa^ grtv, v./., ta carve, tcratck, or tcra^; to 
cut; to engrave: to scrape and pitch a ship's 
bottom.— «r. A, to engrave :— /r./. grtvW ;>a^. 
grftv'en, or gilved'. — n, a pit graiwi or dug out, 
asp. ooe in whidi to bury the dead ; any place of 
btuial; fig, death ;daa ti ucti on . [Fr./mawr; A.S. 
graftm; Dutch, gntvem; Ger. graktm; allied 
to Gr. grapkg, to grave, scratdi: A.S. gracf, 
Dutch, grtif. Gar. grak, grave ; allied to Oanra 
and Arm. In the naut. sense, it may be con* 
nectad with gaaaaaa, the droga of tallow.] 

gvavar, grtVAr, »., an cmgravtr; a tool for engrav- 
ing on hard substances. 

paiffaig, grtvlng, n., act 0/grmviHf oc cutting out 
on hard substances : that which is graved- or cut 
out ; carved woric : actof daaninga snip's bottom. 

Ctava, grtr, ad^, Ut. ktavy; fig. weighty; of im- 
portance; serious; not gav; sober; solemn: in 
mudCt not acute ; low.— ^^rar. gvaWly.— «. grave'- 
Bam. W^rrapisi Sans./»n«.] 

gmtfld, graVio^Mf., hiavv, esp. as being with diild ; 
pi'fgnant. [L. gravidttt— gravis, heavy.] 

gnat^, grav^-ti, n^ hcavifu**; the tendency of 
matter to attract and be attracted, thus causing 
weight: statis of being grave or sober; relative 
Imp<^tance: in music, lowness of a note. [Fr. 
graviti; h.gravitas— gravis.] 

gvavltata, grav^tlt, v.i. to oe acted on hy gravity ; 
to tend towards the earth s— /r.jA. grarititing ; 
/a./, gravltited. [from L. gravis.} 

gnfriiaMam, grav4-tl'uiun. «., act f/" gravitating; 
die t end en c y of all bodies to attract aadi other, 
•specially tha earth. 

itavai, graved, «. amaU stones often Intermixed 
with sand: small collections of gravelly matter 
in the kidneys or bladder. — v,t. to cover with 
gravd ; to puxde :— >'••>• graVelling ;/«./. grav'- 
ellad. rit. gravcUa ; ¥t. gravsUc ; Fr. gim, a 
sandy diore ; W. gra, pL gravel, coarse sand] 

gravelly, graVel-i, ad/., c^asutiag ^gravel, 

Ctoavar. See under Arava, v.t, 

AravM, Oravtty, &c See under Orava, ai(/, 

OraiT; gvtv'i, n. the juicas from meat while oooldng. 
[aUied to Oraavas^ tha dregs of tallow ; perhaps 
also to W. cram, gore, blood.] 

flraj, grft, adj. of a white colour mixed withUack ; 

ash^olourad ; white : fig. aged.—*, a gray cdour ; 

an animal of a grayish colour, as a horse, &c 

[A.S. grasg; Ger. grau ; Fr. grir; allied to Gr. 

gram, an old man ; L. rama, tawny.] 
graybaardi, grft'berd, n., on* with a gray heard, 

hence, an old man. 
graytah, grlldi, eutj., s^tntwkat grttv, 
gMfttag, grt1inj|, m. a silvery /vv^ fish of tha salmon 

fiunily, but with a smaller mouth and teeth, and 

larger scales. 
grajwaaka, grt'wak-e;, n. ULgr^rtci; a kind of 
J ^ym,l,y,ng of roundod pebblaa and 

(iftObri nif,h*r; nOaai mB^i nOta; nOOo; iAtm, 


m niTin, Orlloa. grif'un, n. an imaguiary 

aniinal, with the body and l^s of a lion, and the 
rfV0A»(/A#ai( and wings of an eagle. [Tr.grifon; 
L. and Gr. grypt—Gt. /rj;^, hook-nosed. J 

Orif, grir, «. a small lively eel, the sand-eel. 
[prov. E. grigt a cricket: from its wriggling 

OrUl. gril, V.L to broil on a gridiron ; to torment :— 
/r./. griUW ; >«./. grilled'. [Fr. grUler-griL 
a grimron ; L. rra/icafi^ dim. of mt/rr, a grate.] 

Miss, grils, «. a young salmon on its first return 
from salt water. (Sw. gratlax, a gray salmon.] 
grim, adj\ lit griftdtnc tht Ueth; of for- 

grinding the teeth.] 
gilisaea. gri-mfts*, n.. m grim look; a distortion of 

the £sce, in jest. &c. ; a smirk. [Fr.] 
friasaM4,gri-misa, A^'.t f»iihagri$maco; distorted. 
flriMaWn, gri-malldn, it. lit « gray malkiM; an 

old cat [Qray^ and moMrn, a dirty drab, a 

corruption of MoU or Mary.] 

irtaa, grfm, m,, dirt, mud; ingrained dUrt— v./. to 
s<nl deeply:— /Tj^. grTm'in^: grimed'. [It. 
gromma, crust; lot. grom, mveterate dirt; W. 
grima^ a ^t ; ScoC gntmitul, mud, dr^s.] 

gitey, grlm'i, adj,t/itllo/ grime; fouL 

Orti, grin, v,i. lit. to pimd the teeth; to set the 
teeUi together and %nthdniw the lips. — v.t, to ex- 
press by grinning i-~/r.^, grinning ; /a./, 
grinned'.— f*. act of gnnmng. [A.S. grinnioH; 
Ice. p'i**^; Ger. greinen; Dutch, griJnoM, to 
grumble; rr. grogner, to growl; grtncer^ to 
gnash the teetn; It. digrigttare; allied to Ij. 
riftgor, to snari.] 

OriBd, grind, v./., to grate to powder, as between 
tMe teeth ; to wear oown or sharpen by rubbing ; 
to rub together; to oppress. — v.L to be moved 
or rubbed together i--fr.p. grinding: >a./. and 
/•./.ground. [K.S. gritidan: Dutch, ^tmmmw, 
to gnash the teeth, to grind ; allied to Orla.] 

gitaisr, grind'to, n., he ot that which grinds; a 
double or Jaw tooth that grindk food. 

grindlag, grinding, ««. act of reducing to pjawder. 

grin^itons, grind'stOn, n, a circular revolving stone 
for grimung or sharpening tools. 

. yrfpt v.t.t tofrah or grBq> with the hand; 
to seise and hold fast : to squeeze ; to give pain to 
the bowels.— o.i. to seise by griping; to fed grip- 
ing pains in the bowels ; to get money \xy hard 
bargains :— /r./. griping ; /a./, griped'. [A.S. 
grtian; Ice. grift; Gts, grei/en; Dutch, 
gr(f/en: allied to Qrah.] 

P4h^ V^Vt f^ sript «*•* /w^ or firm hold %rith 
the hsnid, &c : oppression ; iwnrhing distress. — 
/^ severe pains in the bowels. 

tilsslls^ gri-set*, M. ^tg^y young Fk«nch woman of 
the lower class. [Fr. grisette^ a gra^ gown, 
which used to be worn l^ g ritt c tt cs g t i s, gray.] 

•riilad, gri^ld, same as grlBML 

Msly, grizli, adj., /rightful; hideous. [A.S. 
grislic; agrisan. to dread; Ger. grdulich; 
grieseb^ to shudder.] 

Msl^ grist, «. lit. « grituUng; com for grinding 
at one time ; sunplv ; profit. [A.S. grist, gertt, 
a grinding ; probw £rom root of flrlnd.] 

MsUs, grisi, n, a soft, elastic substance in animal 
bodief. also called cartilage. [A.S. gristel; old 
Ger. hrustila, kros^l; Fries. grtUsel; Swiss, 


krBspeU hr6sk e U n^ to crunch; prob. formed 
from the sound of crunching.] 

gristly, grijfli, adj., consisting of at like grisiU.— 

Oritk grit, «., that which is ground or grated ; 
the coarse part of meal ; gravel ; a kind of hard 
sandstone : in //. oats ccarsely ground, groats. 
[A.S. greet, grytt; Dutch, /rw/, groats, gries, 
gravel ; Ger. grUtso; Swiss, gritaen, to crunch ; 
from root of Qrate, Orind.] 

CrtMy, griti, a4j., cottsisting qf, or having ^rt/f or 
hard particles.— «. grittlaMMS. 

groats, grawts, n^L die grain of oats deprived of 
the husks. [A.S. /rW, meal of wheat or bariey.J 

groa^ grout, n., coarse tneal: the sediment ofliquor ; 
lees: a thin coarse mortar; a fine plaster for 
finishing ceilings. [A.S. grui, meai^ wort, or 
new ale ; Dutch, gruytOt dregs.] 

Orlstfe, grixl. n, a gray colour. [Fr. gris, gray.] 

griolad, grixld, ad)., gray, or mixed with gray. 

griiriy, grisli, eulj., o/agray colour. 

Oroaa, grOn, v.L, to utter a moaning sound in 
distress ; fig., to be afflicted :— ^./. groaning ; 
/a./, groaned'. — n. a deep mosming sound as of 
digress; a sound of oisapprobation. [A.S. 
granem; Scot, p^ane; Dutch, groonon; W. 
grwnan: formed from the sound] 

groaalai; grOn'ing, m., act of groaning; a deep 
moan as of pain ; any low rumbling sound 

Oroat, grawt. «. an old English coin = 4d [Dutch, 
groot; allied to Ger. groschet^— gross, great ; 
from root of Onat : so named because whra first 
coined by Edward III. it was the greatest silver 
coin, the <mly other being the silver penny.] 
See under Otlft. 
Irootry. See under Oroas. 
eg, grog, n. a mixture of spirit and cold water, 
[derived from ' Old Grog/ a nickname, given by 
the sailors to Admiral vemon, who fint intro- 
duced it, because he used in bad weather to wear 
a Oregram doalc] 

Oroiraa, grog'ram, n. a kind of doth made of silk 
and mohair, of a coarse grain or texture, [old 
Fr. gros-gfwn, of a coarse grain or texture.] 

Sfeia, groin, n. the part of the body, iust where 
the legs begin to divide: in arch,, tne angular 
curve formed by the crossing of two arches. [Ice. 
grein, division, branch— /wmms, to divide ; Sw. 
gren, branch, space between the legs; Scot, 
grain, grant, tM branch of a tree or nver.] 

gralasd, groind, adi., having groi$u or angular 
curves made by the intersection of two arches. 

, grOOm, n. lit a youth or man; one who has 
the charge of horses ; a title of several officers of 
the Royal Household : a bridegroom. — v.t. to 
tend, as a horse:— /r./. gr^Jmlng; /»./. 
groomed'. [Dutch, grom, a boy or youth ; A.S. 
and Goth, guma, a man; pe r haps allied to L. 
homo, a man.] 
flroevt^ grOOv, n, that which is graven, or hollowed 
out ; a furrow, or long hollow. — v.t. to grave or 
cut a goove, or furrow m >-^/n/. grooving ; /a./. 
grOO^^'. [A.S. gro/, greef—gra/an, to dig ; 
Uer. i fuh e otuSen , to dig ; Dutch, groove, a 
furrow, pit ; from root of Ctoava.] 
Qto p e, gr(^ vM orig. to gri^ or feel with the 
hands; to search or attempt to find something, 
as if blind or in the dark. — v.t to search by 
feeling, as in the dark >-/r./. grOpIng ; /a./. 
grOped'. [A.S./r«;^ftiMf,/ni/faii;aluedtofln^ 

fiUe, Or; Bui^ hAr; nine; mOte; mOte; mODn: Men. 

latir. Dsv Ov. /nauwAi; Pi. rrvmmilrr; 
W^ TX/ . / ; X7i», ■ mimiiiir' &«m i'~ 

<kHU, (riSBo, •. • thick "—■ '■"»— of fluid ; 

dot « Df bkKKL [oUFi.cnw.-rr.nwu 

L./ni«iiii, ■ UuJe hop. 
frw^ cmiii^ «,#. , /iJv /mu; tUdt : cloocd. 
■m% (iBBt, *.<., te auiir a mairf Ab « yv-*- 

>r.>. puu^; >ia^. (nuil'ad.— «. m ihoR, fa 

tunl nuwl, u at ■hue.—*, finite, {fnwi tfa 

•uiiHH, rwhi-lnB. at ■ icaiuortrMi in lb* 
W. IndJii, iIbi yiita ■ ai»««iib laln awl fai 
BwlidD*. [Sp.fii^rw>,froai HiyiluTixd.] 

•■«, cwfoB, ■>. Uu WWw oC Botun m ' ' 
fmidiiacwifai cgmti mid Idudi, en. >b 
AmcHoi, much Died for mamm. [Sp. j 

pcriocmHl iriiW uHthB hM 
rUJta: tbe pcnon vbo maks Mvh ■ mk- 
.— r.lL ID imdBtiJu that uothcr dull pn- 

rurulced'. [FT./wni J iA, 
Fr./wiMlVr, ta winut— 

that whidi punli from dj 

I»i41u, (ird'nii, r., utm naif (iMrA, or uka 
cm gT; In 1», ana wliB luu tka cu« o( u 
orpJua mlAor.— 1*. fiudlaoifelp^ 
— ■ P i f ^ fiRf-T01}iii, v., d f w for iha ucc^ 
Ki.tM'^lup, ■. ■ f<l4* sTw thu/unA 


. _ It, &«•, nnid.1 

(tl-ril'*. K. Ul A<W WW,* K IBOds of 

h a ranin g afl mny by nnaU 
■uchmbml. [Sfi/i«r-"- 

rwnUi, diM. of fiiinn, Fi. 


t**^ B(^^J udcmot « gpialoB wiibwt Mdt 
«•'■■"*. B>^-»urS, «, a>nl dou brfwi. 
■«K no, H. Ut. • f An^vir, or tu la b( m*»i 

te^/iTintarmiKaudcDlattiiiHd. [A.S. 

P4l, t—t; Ga. put; periupi allied u> L. 

*mMi, •auca-, enemy, jk^i, la^ita, ■ hat 

(H»<kMite, mif ^itoD-bir, ■. in A, ■ oUwArr 
DT Toam iDT Ibe ftCCDBUDodaLicni v